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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352495/ultrasonographic-based-predictive-factors-influencing-successful-return-to-racing-after-superficial-digital-flexor-tendon-injuries-in-flat-racehorses-a-retrospective-cohort-study-in-469-thoroughbred-racehorses-in-hong-kong
#1
R Alzola, C Easter, C M Riggs, D S Gardner, S L Freeman
BACKGROUND: Superficial digital flexor tendon (SDFT) injury is an important health and welfare concern in racehorses. It is generally diagnosed with ultrasonography, predictive ultrasonographic features have not been reported. OBJECTIVES: To determine ultrasonographic features of forelimb SDFT injury at initial presentation in Thoroughbred racehorses, that could predict a successful return to racing (completing ≥5 races). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study...
January 20, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352460/pelvic-floor-muscle-function-and-quality-of-life-in-post-menopausal-women-with-and-without-pelvic-floor-dysfunction
#2
Isabella Parente Ribeiro Frota, Adriana Bombonato Oliveira Rocha, José Ananias Vasconcelos Neto, Camila Teixeira Moreira Vasconcelos, Thais Fontes De Magalhaes, Sara Arcanjo Lino Karbage, Kathiane Lustosa Augusto, Simony Lira Do Nascimento, Jorge Millem Haddad, Leonardo Robson Pinheiro Sobreira Bezerra
This study aims to compare pelvic floor muscle (PFM) function in post-menopause women with and without pelvic floor dysfunction (PFD) and the relationship between PFM function and quality of life MATERIAL AND METHODS: a case-control study with 216 post-menopause women with (n=126) and without PFD (n=90). PFM function was assessed by digital vaginal palpation using PERFECT scale. Specific quality of life was evaluated by King's Health Questionnaire for women with urinary incontinence and Prolapse Quality-of-Life Questionnaire for women with pelvic organ prolapse...
January 20, 2018: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351900/employees-perspectives-on-the-facilitators-and-barriers-to-engaging-with-digital-mental-health-interventions-in-the-workplace-qualitative-study
#3
Stephany Carolan, Richard O de Visser
BACKGROUND: Prevalence rates of work-related stress, depression, and anxiety are high, resulting in reduced productivity and increased absenteeism. There is evidence that these conditions can be successfully treated in the workplace, but take-up of psychological treatments among workers is low. Digital mental health interventions delivered in the workplace may be one way to address this imbalance, but although there is evidence that digital mental health is effective at treating stress, depression, and anxiety in the workplace, uptake of and engagement with these interventions remains a concern...
January 19, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351896/internet-exposure-associated-with-canadian-parents-perception-of-risk-on-childhood-immunization-cross-sectional-study
#4
Jordan Lee Tustin, Natasha Sarah Crowcroft, Dionne Gesink, Ian Johnson, Jennifer Keelan
BACKGROUND: There is a large presence of provaccination and antivaccination content on the Internet. The Internet has been identified as an important source for parents to seek and share vaccine information. There are concerns that parental fears or hesitancy on childhood immunizations are increasing due to the popularity of social media and exposure to online antivaccination sentiment. No other studies have investigated the association between seeking vaccine information online and Canadian parents' perception of risk on childhood immunization...
January 19, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351349/survey-research-with-a-random-digit-dial-national-mobile-phone-sample-in-ghana-methods-and-sample-quality
#5
Kelly L'Engle, Eunice Sefa, Edward Akolgo Adimazoya, Emmanuel Yartey, Rachel Lenzi, Cindy Tarpo, Nii Lante Heward-Mills, Katherine Lew, Yvonne Ampeh
INTRODUCTION: Generating a nationally representative sample in low and middle income countries typically requires resource-intensive household level sampling with door-to-door data collection. High mobile phone penetration rates in developing countries provide new opportunities for alternative sampling and data collection methods, but there is limited information about response rates and sample biases in coverage and nonresponse using these methods. We utilized data from an interactive voice response, random-digit dial, national mobile phone survey in Ghana to calculate standardized response rates and assess representativeness of the obtained sample...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351325/impact-of-educational-interventions-on-adolescent-attitudes-and-knowledge-regarding-vaccination-a-pilot-study
#6
Kate Carolan, Joanna Verran, Matthew Crossley, James Redfern, Nicola Whitton, Martyn Amos
BACKGROUND: Current immunisation levels in England currently fall slightly below the threshold recommended by the World Health Organization, and the three-year trend for vaccination uptake is downwards. Attitudes towards vaccination can affect future decisions on whether or not to vaccinate, and this can have significant public health implications. Interventions can impact future vaccination decisions, and these interventions can take several forms. Relatively little work has been reported on the use of vaccination interventions in young people, who form the next generation of individuals likely to make vaccination decisions...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350514/hospitalized-patients-and-family-members-preferences-for-real-time-transparent-access-to-their-hospital-records
#7
Michael J Waxman, Kurt Lozier, Lana Vasiljevic, Kira Novakofski, James Desemone, John O'Kane, Elizabeth M Dufort, David Wood, Ashar Ata, Louis Filhour, Richard J Blinkhorn
OBJECTIVES: To better understand patient satisfaction and perceived engagement with traditional hospital-based communication and to elicit patient preferences for health information technologies that would lead to improved satisfaction and engagement. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a mixed-methods study involving qualitative interviews followed by a survey of hospitalized patients and their family members at a single large academic medical center. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured interviews with 41 patients and surveyed 267 patients or family members to elicit their perspectives on satisfaction with traditional hospital communication methods, information needed to more fully engage in the patients' medical care, and potential solutions for improved hospital-based communication...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350505/bridging-the-digital-divide-mobile-access-to-personal-health-records-among-patients-with-diabetes
#8
Ilana Graetz, Jie Huang, Richard J Brand, John Hsu, Cyrus K Yamin, Mary E Reed
OBJECTIVES: Some patients lack regular computer access and experience a digital divide that causes them to miss internet-based health innovations. The diffusion of smartphones has increased internet access across the socioeconomic spectrum, and increasing the channels through which patients can access their personal health records (PHRs) could help bridge the divide in PHR use. We examined PHR use through a computer-based Web browser or mobile device. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional historical cohort analysis...
January 2018: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345531/how-tailoring-the-mode-of-information-presentation-influences-younger-and-older-adults-satisfaction-with-health-websites
#9
Minh Hao Nguyen, Ellen M A Smets, Nadine Bol, Eugène F Loos, Julia C M Van Weert
Although older adults are increasingly using online health information, many websites are not senior-friendly, which might lead to user-problems and dissatisfaction among older people. It has been suggested that websites targeted at older adults should take into account age-related abilities and limitations, for example by providing the opportunity to adjust the modality (i.e., "mode") of information presentation based on visual and auditory capabilities. This study investigates the effects of a mode-tailored website, allowing users to self-tailor the mode of information presentation, on younger and older adults' satisfaction with health websites...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342272/daily-decision-making-about-food-during-pregnancy-a-new-zealand-study
#10
Susan Pullon, Angela Ballantyne, Lindsay Macdonald, Christine Barthow, Kristin Wickens, Julian Crane
Pregnancy has always been a life-changing event for women and their families, but societal concern about pregnancy and motherhood has become intense in the digital age. The role of health promotion agencies and others supplying health-related resources about lifestyle behaviours is both important and in need of scrutiny. Ever increasing advice for pregnant women, their families and health professionals, abounds. This study of decision making during pregnancy investigated how women made everyday decisions during pregnancy about food and drink, as well as dietary supplements and medications, alcohol and recreational drugs...
January 12, 2018: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342102/development-of-a-high-sensitivity-wireless-accelerometer-for-structural-health-monitoring
#11
Li Zhu, Yuguang Fu, Raymond Chow, Billie F Spencer, Jong Woong Park, Kirill Mechitov
Structural health monitoring (SHM) is playing an increasingly important role in ensuring the safety of structures. A shift of SHM research away from traditional wired methods toward the use of wireless smart sensors (WSS) has been motivated by the attractive features of wireless smart sensor networks (WSSN). The progress achieved in Micro Electro-Mechanical System (MEMS) technologies and wireless data transmission, has extended the effectiveness and range of applicability of WSSNs. One of the most common sensors employed in SHM strategies is the accelerometer; however, most accelerometers in WSS nodes have inadequate resolution for measurement of the typical accelerations found in many SHM applications...
January 17, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340883/associations-of-coffee-consumption-and-caffeine-intake-with-mammographic-breast-density
#12
Lusine Yaghjyan, Graham Colditz, Bernard Rosner, Aleksandra Gasparova, Rulla M Tamimi
PURPOSE: Previous studies suggest that coffee and caffeine intake may be associated with reduced breast cancer risk. We investigated the association of coffee and caffeine intake with mammographic breast density by woman's menopausal status and, in postmenopausal women, by hormone therapy (HT). METHODS: This study included 4130 cancer-free women within the Nurses' Health Study and Nurses' Health Study II cohorts. Percent breast density (PD) was measured from digitized film mammograms using a computer-assisted thresholding technique and square root-transformed for the analysis...
January 17, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340704/delayed-conception-in-women-with-low-urinary-iodine-concentrations-a-population-based-prospective-cohort-study
#13
J L Mills, G M Buck Louis, K Kannan, J Weck, Y Wan, J Maisog, A Giannakou, Q Wu, R Sundaram
STUDY QUESTION: Is iodine deficiency associated with decreased fecundability? SUMMARY ANSWER: Moderate to severe iodine deficiency is associated with a 46% decrease in fecundability. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Iodine deficiency is common in women of childbearing age but its effect on fecundability has not been investigated. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: The LIFE Study, a population-based prospective cohort study, enrolled 501 women who had discontinued contraception within 2 months to become pregnant between 2005 and 2009...
January 11, 2018: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340575/the-fragile-state-of-the-national-institutes-of-health-pediatric-research-portfolio-1992-2015-doing-more-with-less
#14
Daniel P Gitterman, W Scott Langford, William W Hay
In this article, we examine the status of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) pediatric research portfolio between start of federal fiscal year (FY) 1992 and end of FY 2015. The NIH experienced the greatest mean annual growth rate during the "doubling era" (FY 1998-2003): both the NIH budget (13.5%) and pediatric research portfolios (11.5%) increased annually by double digits. However, in the "postdoubling" era (FY 2004-2009), both the NIH (2.0%) and pediatric (-0.2%) mean annual growth rates decreased dramatically...
January 16, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339126/addressing-the-impact-and-unmet-needs-of-nonadherence-in-asthma-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-where-do-we-go-from-here
#15
Richard Dekhuijzen, Federico Lavorini, Omar S Usmani, Job F M van Boven
Nonadherence to treatment, and its associated health and economic burden, is particularly problematic in asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease management because of heterogeneous patient populations and the need for an inhaled route of drug administration. Symptom variability, comorbidities, and device switching further add to suboptimal adherence rates. As opposed to controlled clinical trials, real-life studies show consistently low inhaler adherence in daily practice, yet exact adherence rates have long been affected by disagreement on standardized definitions...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337877/virtual-environments-for-visualizing-structural-health-monitoring-sensor-networks-data-and-metadata
#16
Rebecca Napolitano, Anna Blyth, Branko Glisic
Visualization of sensor networks, data, and metadata is becoming one of the most pivotal aspects of the structural health monitoring (SHM) process. Without the ability to communicate efficiently and effectively between disparate groups working on a project, an SHM system can be underused, misunderstood, or even abandoned. For this reason, this work seeks to evaluate visualization techniques in the field, identify flaws in current practices, and devise a new method for visualizing and accessing SHM data and metadata in 3D...
January 16, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336684/a-systematic-search-and-review-of-adult-targeted-overweight-and-obesity-prevention-mass-media-campaigns-and-their-evaluation-2000-2017
#17
James Kite, Anne Grunseit, Erika Bohn-Goldbaum, Bill Bellew, Tom Carroll, Adrian Bauman
Mass media campaigns are a commonly used strategy in public health. However, no review has assessed whether the design and evaluation of overweight and obesity campaigns meets best practice recommendations. This study aimed to fill this gap. We systematically searched five databases for peer-reviewed articles describing adult-targeted obesity mass media campaigns published between 2000 and 2017, complemented by reference list searches and contact with authors and agencies responsible for the campaigns. We extracted data on campaign design, implementation, and evaluation from eligible publications and conducted a qualitative review of 29 publications reporting on 14 campaigns...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335745/-health-privacy-in-the-age-of-digital-networks
#18
REVIEW
Thilo Weichert
Digitization in the health sector embodies opportunities and risks. These consist of patient and data confidentiality. Vulnerability of data concerning integrity and availability can lead to financial losses and to damage of the health of data subjects. Those risks must be tackled by privacy or data protection law. For this purpose we have the European Data Protection Regulation as a comprehensive legal framework and a harmonizing bracket.This framework contains regulations on consent, purpose binding and data transfer, on rights of the data subject, technical and organizational measures and procedural arrangements...
January 15, 2018: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335160/mobile-phone-use-among-patients-and-health-workers-to-enhance-primary-healthcare-a-qualitative-study-in-rural-south-africa
#19
Jocelyn Olivia Todd Anstey Watkins, Jane Goudge, Francesc Xavier Gómez-Olivé, Frances Griffiths
Mobile phones have the potential to improve access to healthcare information and services in low-resourced settings. This study investigated the use of mobile phones among patients with chronic diseases, pregnant women, and health workers to enhance primary healthcare in rural South Africa. Qualitative research was undertaken in Mpumalanga in 2014. Semi structured in-depth interviews were conducted with 113 patients and 43 health workers from seven primary healthcare clinics and one district hospital. Data were thematically analysed...
January 10, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334970/digital-media-based-health-intervention-on-the-promotion-of-women-s-physical-activity-a-quasi-experimental-study
#20
Nooshin Peyman, Majid Rezai-Rad, Hadi Tehrani, Mahdi Gholian-Aval, Mohammad Vahedian-Shahroodi, Hamid Heidarian Miri
BACKGROUND: Technological advances have caused poor mobility and lower physical activity among humankind. This study was conducted to assess the impact of a digital media-based (multi-media, internet, and mobile phone) health intervention on promotion of women's physical activity. METHODS: In this quasi-experimental study, 360 women were divided into case and control groups. The digital media-based educational intervention was conducted in two months in the case group electronically, using mail and Internet and telephone platforms...
January 15, 2018: BMC Public Health
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