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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538336/impact-of-dry-eye-symptoms-and-daily-activities-in-a-modern-office
#1
Mirjam M van Tilborg, Paul J Murphy, Katharine S Evans
PURPOSE: Modern offices and the use of electronic devices are increasing factors in work-related eye symptoms. However, symptoms of eye fatigue or dry eye sensation can be mixed and confusing. This study surveys the eye symptoms reported during a working day at modern offices to investigate the possible inhibition on daily work activities. METHODS: Two online digital surveys were sent to three different work locations, by direct e-mail. Survey A consisted of 14 questions that investigated eye symptoms experienced during daily activities at work and the impact on daily activities...
June 2017: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537946/gastrointestinal-manifestations-of-pelvic-floor-disorders-in-adolescents-a-diagnostic-framework-for-the-general-practitioner
#2
Anita Kochikar Pai, Sonia Arora Ballal
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Pelvic floor disorders (PFDs) can present with gastrointestinal complaints in the adolescent patient, and identification of PFDs is aided by clues in the history and physical examination apparent to the knowledgeable clinician. The aim of this article is to provide a framework for the diagnostic evaluation of the adolescent patient with a PFD and introduce management strategies. RECENT FINDINGS: Patients with PFDs can present with gastrointestinal symptoms, including abdominal pain, constipation, incomplete evacuation, and fecal incontinence or nongastrointestinal complaints around genitourinary symptoms or sexual health...
May 19, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535331/computer-and-mobile-technology-interventions-for-self-management-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#3
REVIEW
Catherine McCabe, Margaret McCann, Anne Marie Brady
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterised by airflow obstruction due to an abnormal inflammatory response of the lungs to noxious particles or gases, for example, cigarette smoke. The pattern of care for people with moderate to very severe COPD often involves regular lengthy hospital admissions, which result in high healthcare costs and an undesirable effect on quality of life. Research over the past decade has focused on innovative methods for developing enabling and assistive technologies that facilitate patient self-management...
May 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529704/towards-a-systems-approach-for-chronic-diseases-based-on-health-state-modeling
#4
Michael Rebhan
Rising pressure from chronic diseases means that we need to learn how to deal with challenges at a different level, including the use of systems approaches that better connect across fragments, such as disciplines, stakeholders, institutions, and technologies. By learning from progress in leading areas of health innovation (including oncology and AIDS), as well as complementary indications (Alzheimer's disease), I try to extract the most enabling innovation paradigms, and discuss their extension to additional areas of application within a systems approach...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529544/complementary-and-alternative-interventions-for-fatigue-management-after-traumatic-brain-injury-a-systematic-review
#5
Gang-Zhu Xu, Yan-Feng Li, Mao-De Wang, Dong-Yuan Cao
BACKGROUND: We systematically reviewed randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of complementary and alternative interventions for fatigue after traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: We searched multiple online sources including ClinicalTrials.gov, the Cochrane Library database, MEDLINE, CINAHL, Embase, the Web of Science, AMED, PsychINFO, Toxline, ProQuest Digital Dissertations, PEDro, PsycBite, and the World Health Organization (WHO) trial registry, in addition to hand searching of grey literature...
May 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Neurological Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529440/parents-primary-professional-sources-of-parenting-advice-moderate-predictors-of-parental-attitudes-toward-corporal-punishment
#6
Catherine A Taylor, Sarah McKasson, Guenevere Hoy, William DeJong
Despite the risk it poses to children's mental and physical health, approval and use of corporal punishment (CP) remains high in the United States. Informed by the Theory of Planned Behavior, we examined potential predictors of attitudes supportive of CP while assessing the moderating effects of parents' (N=500) chosen primary professional source of advice regarding child discipline: pediatricians (47.8%), religious leaders (20.8%), mental health professionals (MHPs) (n=18.4%), or other identified professionals (13...
February 2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528170/disparities-in-digital-reporting-of-illness-a-demographic-and-socioeconomic-assessment
#7
Samuel Henly, Gaurav Tuli, Sheryl Kluberg, Jared B Hawkins, Quynh Nguyen, Aranka Anema, Adyasha Maharana, John S Brownstein, Elaine O Nsoesie
Although digital reports of disease are currently used by public health officials for disease surveillance and decision making, little is known about environmental factors and compositional characteristics that may influence reporting patterns. The objective of this study is to quantify the association between climate, demographic and socio-economic factors on digital reporting of disease at the US county level. We reference approximately 1.5 million foodservice business reviews between 2004 and 2014, and use census data, machine learning methods and regression models to assess whether digital reporting of disease is associated with climate, socio-economic and demographic factors...
May 17, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526704/elder-women-s-perceptions-around-optimal-perinatal-health-a-constructivist-grounded-theory-study-with-an-indigenous-community-in-southern-ontario
#8
Sujane Kandasamy, Meredith Vanstone, Mark Oremus, Trista Hill, Gita Wahi, Julie Wilson, A Darlene Davis, Ruby Jacobs, Rebecca Anglin, Sonia Savitri Anand
BACKGROUND: Women play important roles in translating health knowledge, particularly around pregnancy and birth, in Indigenous societies. We investigated elder Indigenous women's perceptions around optimal perinatal health. METHODS: Using a methodological framework that integrated a constructivist grounded-theory approach with an Indigenous epistemology, we conducted and analyzed in-depth interviews and focus groups with women from the Six Nations community in southern Ontario who self-identified as grandmothers...
May 18, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526663/effects-of-using-child-personas-in-the-development-of-a-digital-peer-support-service-for-childhood-cancer-survivors
#9
Pontus Wärnestål, Petra Svedberg, Susanne Lindberg, Jens M Nygren
BACKGROUND: Peer support services have the potential to support children who survive cancer by handling the physical, mental, and social challenges associated with survival and return to everyday life. Involving the children themselves in the design process allows for adapting services to authentic user behaviors and goals. As there are several challenges that put critical requirements on a user-centered design process, we developed a design method based on personas adapted to the particular needs of children that promotes health and handles a sensitive design context...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522435/navigating-the-challenges-of-digital-health-innovation-considerations-and-solutions-in-developing-online-and-smartphone-application-based-interventions-for-mental-health-disorders
#10
Claire Hill, Jennifer L Martin, Simon Thomson, Nick Scott-Ram, Hugh Penfold, Cathy Creswell
This article presents an analysis of challenges and considerations when developing digital mental health innovations. Recommendations include collaborative working between clinicians, researchers, industry and service users in order to successfully navigate challenges and to ensure e-therapies are engaging, acceptable, evidence based, scalable and sustainable.
May 18, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522229/patient-centered-communication-in-digital-medical-encounters
#11
Jordan M Alpert, Karen E Dyer, Jennifer Elston Lafata
OBJECTIVE: Patients are increasingly using the secure messaging function available through online patient portals to communicate with their health care providers, yet little is known about the characteristics of conversations that occur. The goal of this study is to describe the types of messages initiated by patients communicating via patient portals and to assess whether providers employ patient-centered strategies in their electronic responses. DESIGN: A total of 193 messages from 58 message threads between patients and providers were collected during a one-week period in a large health care system...
May 2, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520829/association-between-combined-tmprss2-erg-and-pca3-rna-urinary-testing-and-detection-of-aggressive-prostate-cancer
#12
Martin G Sanda, Ziding Feng, David H Howard, Scott A Tomlins, Lori J Sokoll, Daniel W Chan, Meredith M Regan, Jack Groskopf, Jonathan Chipman, Dattatraya H Patil, Simpa S Salami, Douglas S Scherr, Jacob Kagan, Sudhir Srivastava, Ian M Thompson, Javed Siddiqui, Jing Fan, Aron Y Joon, Leonidas E Bantis, Mark A Rubin, Arul M Chinnayian, John T Wei, Mohamed Bidair, Adam Kibel, Daniel W Lin, Yair Lotan, Alan Partin, Samir Taneja
Importance: Potential survival benefits from treating aggressive (Gleason score, ≥7) early-stage prostate cancer are undermined by harms from unnecessary prostate biopsy and overdiagnosis of indolent disease. Objective: To evaluate the a priori primary hypothesis that combined measurement of PCA3 and TMPRSS2:ERG (T2:ERG) RNA in the urine after digital rectal examination would improve specificity over measurement of prostate-specific antigen alone for detecting cancer with Gleason score of 7 or higher...
May 18, 2017: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520492/use-of-a-digital-health-application-for-influenza-surveillance-in-china
#13
Yulin Hswen, John S Brownstein, Jeremiah Liu, Jared B Hawkins
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether a commercial digital health application could support influenza surveillance in China. METHODS: We retrieved data from the Thermia online and mobile educational tool, which allows parents to monitor their children's fever and infectious febrile illnesses including influenza. We modeled monthly aggregated influenza-like illness case counts from Thermia users over time and compared them against influenza monthly case counts obtained from the National Health and Family Planning Commission of the People's Republic of China by using time series regression analysis...
May 18, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514203/cost-effectiveness-of-mr-imaging-guided-strategies-for-detection-of-prostate-cancer-in-biopsy-naive-men
#14
Shivani Pahwa, Nicholas K Schiltz, Lee E Ponsky, Ziang Lu, Mark A Griswold, Vikas Gulani
Purpose To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of multiparametric diagnostic magnetic resonance (MR) imaging examination followed by MR imaging-guided biopsy strategies in the detection of prostate cancer in biopsy-naive men presenting with clinical suspicion of cancer for the first time. Materials and Methods A decision-analysis model was created for biopsy-naive men who had been recommended for prostate biopsy on the basis of abnormal digital rectal examination results or elevated prostate-specific antigen levels (age groups: 41-50 years, 51-60 years, and 61-70 years)...
May 17, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513195/binge-drinking-health-impact-prevalence-correlates-and-interventions
#15
Emmanuel Kuntsche, Sandra Kuntsche, Johannes Thrul, Gerhard Gmel
OBJECTIVE: Binge drinking (also called heavy episodic drinking, risky single-occasion drinking etc.) is a major public health problem. This paper provides an overview of recently published evidence concerning the definition and measurement, prevalence rates, health impact, demographic and psychosocial correlates of, and interventions for, binge drinking. DESIGN: Narrative review. RESULTS: Mostly occurring among young people at weekends, binge drinking increases the risk of both acute (e...
May 17, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512634/user-experience-analysis-of-e-tb-manager-a-nationwide-electronic-tuberculosis-recording-and-reporting-system-in-ukraine
#16
Niranjan Konduri, Kelly Sawyer, Nataliya Nizova
Ukraine has successfully implemented e-TB Manager nationwide as its mandatory national tuberculosis registry after first introducing it in 2009. Our objective was to perform an end-of-programme evaluation after formal handover of the registry administration to Ukraine's Centre for Disease Control in 2015. We conducted a nationwide, cross-sectional, anonymous, 18-point user experience survey, and stratified the registry's transaction statistics to demonstrate usability. Contrary to initial implementation experience, older users (aged >50 years), often with limited or no computer proficiency prior to using the registry, had significantly better user experience scores for at least six of the 12 measures compared to younger users (aged 18-29 years)...
April 2017: ERJ Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511764/telehealth-wave-surf-s-up-for-fed-state-policymakers
#17
Richard Mark Kirkner
If millions of Americans lose Medicaid or private health insurance coverage because of the unACAing of American health care, telehealth may seem like a gimmicky sideshow rather than a good-faith effort to bring health care into the digital century.
April 2017: Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511375/impact-of-nutritional-status-on-cognition-in-institutionalized-orphans-a-pilot-study
#18
Sanjana M Kamath, Kavana G Venkatappa, Ergod Manjunath Sparshadeep
INTRODUCTION: Proper nutrition is critical for maximizing brain function and enhancing learning. There is accumulating evidence that early malnutrition, marked by stunting, is associated with long-term deficits in cognitive and academic performance, even when social and psychological differences are controlled. All over the world, children living without permanent parental care are at a heightened risk for under-nutrition, putting their health and development in great jeopardy. AIM: To assess the nutritional and cognitive status in institutionalized orphans which might help to formulate effective interventions for improving the nutritional status of vulnerable children in future...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508808/digital-media-for-primary-health-care-in-austria
#19
Johannes Kriegel, Linda Tuttle-Weidinger, Luise Reckwitz
Primary health care (PHC) is currently being improved in all developed industries. The aim is to make healthcare more patient-centered and close to the patient's place of residence. In addition to the organizational and interdisciplinary reorientation, the use of digital media is increasingly being emphasized. Through literature research and an online survey among Austrian doctors and general practitioners, the current and future challenges for the use of digital media in networked and regional primary health care were identified and prioritized...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508803/a-first-standardized-swiss-electronic-maternity-record
#20
Michel Murbach, Sabine Martin, Kerstin Denecke, Stephan Nüssli
BACKGROUND: During the nine months of pregnancy, women have to regularly visit several physicians for continuous monitoring of the health and development of the fetus and mother. Comprehensive examination results of different types are generated in this process; documentation and data transmission standards are still unavailable or not in use. Relevant information is collected in a paper-based maternity record carried by the pregnant women. OBJECTIVES: To improve availability and transmission of data, we aim at developing a first prototype for an electronic maternity record for Switzerland...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
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