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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780310/mobile-software-as-a-medical-device-samd-for-the-treatment-of-epilepsy-development-of-digital-therapeutics-comprising-behavioral-and-music-based-interventions-for-neurological-disorders
#1
Pegah Afra, Carol S Bruggers, Matthew Sweney, Lilly Fagatele, Fareeha Alavi, Michael Greenwald, Merodean Huntsman, Khanhly Nguyen, Jeremiah K Jones, David Shantz, Grzegorz Bulaj
Digital health technologies for people with epilepsy (PWE) include internet-based resources and mobile apps for seizure management. Since non-pharmacological interventions, such as listening to specific Mozart's compositions, cognitive therapy, psychosocial and educational interventions were shown to reduce epileptic seizures, these modalities can be integrated into mobile software and delivered by mobile medical apps as digital therapeutics. Herein, we describe: (1) a survey study among PWE about preferences to use mobile software for seizure control, (2) a rationale for developing digital therapies for epilepsy, (3) creation of proof-of-concept mobile software intended for use as an adjunct digital therapeutic to reduce seizures, and (4) broader applications of digital therapeutics for the treatment of epilepsy and other chronic disorders...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779925/the-application-of-p2psa-and-prostate-health-index-in-prostate-cancer-detection-a-prospective-cohort-in-a-tertiary-medical-center
#2
Yung-Ting Cheng, Chih-Hung Chiang, Yeong-Shiau Pu, Shih Ping Liu, Yu-Chuang Lu, Yi-Kai Chang, Hong-Chiang Chang, Kuo-How Huang, Yuan-Ju Lee, Po-Ming Chow, Shih-Chun Hung, Chao-Yuan Huang
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Prostate specific antigen (PSA) with low specificity that causes unnecessary prostate biopsies increases clinical morbidities, psychological stress, and medical expenses. We aimed to test the accuracy and cutoff value of Prostate Health Index (PHI) in men for prostate cancer detection. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 213 men who underwent prostate biopsy with PSA≦10 ng/ml or abnormal findings on digital rectal examination. Total PSA (tPSA), free PSA (fPSA) and p2PSA levels were measured by serum samples before prostate biopsy...
May 17, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779720/search-engines-news-wires-and-digital-epidemiology-presumptions-and-facts
#3
Fatemeh Kaveh-Yazdy, Ali-Mohammad Zareh-Bidoki
BACKGROUND: Digital epidemiology tries to identify diseases dynamics and spread behaviors using digital traces collected via search engines logs and social media posts. However, the impacts of news on information-seeking behaviors have been remained unknown. METHODS: Data employed in this research provided from two sources, (1) Parsijoo search engine query logs of 48 months, and (2) a set of documents of 28 months of Parsijoo's news service. Two classes of topics, i...
July 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779065/digital-technologies-in-the-treatment-of-anxiety-recent-innovations-and-future-directions
#4
REVIEW
Joseph Firth, John Torous, Rebekah Carney, Jill Newby, Theodore D Cosco, Helen Christensen, Jerome Sarris
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the efficacy, limitations, and future of e-health treatments for anxiety. Within this, we provide detail on "first-generation" e-health approaches, such as computerized therapies. Additionally, we assess the emergence and early efficacy of newer methods of treatment delivery, including smartphone apps and virtual reality interventions, discussing the potential and pitfalls for each. RECENT FINDINGS: There is now substantial clinical research demonstrating the efficacy of internet-delivered cognitive behavioral therapy in the treatment of anxiety...
May 19, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779008/intervention-planning-for-the-reduce-maintenance-intervention-a-digital-intervention-to-reduce-reulceration-risk-among-patients-with-a-history-of-diabetic-foot-ulcers
#5
Kate Greenwell, Katy Sivyer, Kavita Vedhara, Lucy Yardley, Frances Game, Trudie Chalder, Gayle Richards, Nikki Drake, Katie Gray, John Weinman, Katherine Bradbury
OBJECTIVES: To develop a comprehensive intervention plan for the REDUCE maintenance intervention to support people who have had diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) to sustain behaviours that reduce reulceration risk. METHODS: Theory-based, evidence-based and person-based approaches to intervention development were used. In phase I of intervention planning, evidence was collated from a scoping review of the literature and qualitative interviews with patients who have had DFUs (n=20)...
May 18, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778481/health-benefits-of-orally-administered-anti-il-10-antibody-in-milk-fed-dairy-calves
#6
S M Raabis, T L Ollivett, M E Cook, J M Sand, S M McGuirk
The primary objective of this randomized controlled trial was to determine whether anti-IL-10 egg yolk antibodies fed upon arrival to a calf ranch would lower the prevalence of Cryptosporidium parvum shedding in naturally challenged preweaned dairy calves. The secondary objectives included measuring the effect of anti-IL-10 antibodies on calf health, performance, and shedding of less common diarrheal pathogens. A total of 133 calves, enrolled at 24 to 72 h of age, received a daily dose of 0.96 g of egg yolk powder with anti-IL-10 antibodies (MAB, n = 71) or without anti-IL-10 antibodies (MEP, n = 62) split between 2 feedings for the first 11 d on feed at a calf ranch...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778365/cerebral-microbleeds-and-intracranial-haemorrhage-risk-in-patients-anticoagulated-for-atrial-fibrillation-after-acute-ischaemic-stroke-or-transient-ischaemic-attack-cromis-2-a-multicentre-observational-cohort-study
#7
Duncan Wilson, Gareth Ambler, Clare Shakeshaft, Martin M Brown, Andreas Charidimou, Rustam Al-Shahi Salman, Gregory Y H Lip, Hannah Cohen, Gargi Banerjee, Henry Houlden, Mark J White, Tarek A Yousry, Kirsty Harkness, Enrico Flossmann, Nigel Smyth, Louise J Shaw, Elizabeth Warburton, Keith W Muir, Hans Rolf Jäger, David J Werring
BACKGROUND: Cerebral microbleeds are a potential neuroimaging biomarker of cerebral small vessel diseases that are prone to intracranial bleeding. We aimed to determine whether presence of cerebral microbleeds can identify patients at high risk of symptomatic intracranial haemorrhage when anticoagulated for atrial fibrillation after recent ischaemic stroke or transient ischaemic attack. METHODS: Our observational, multicentre, prospective inception cohort study recruited adults aged 18 years or older from 79 hospitals in the UK and one in the Netherlands with atrial fibrillation and recent acute ischaemic stroke or transient ischaemic attack, treated with a vitamin K antagonist or direct oral anticoagulant, and followed up for 24 months using general practitioner and patient postal questionnaires, telephone interviews, hospital visits, and National Health Service digital data on hospital admissions or death...
June 2018: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777645/-childbirth-is-not-a-sickness-a-woman-should-struggle-to-give-birth-exploring-continuing-popularity-of-home-births-in-western-kenya
#8
Violet Naanyu, Joyce Baliddawa, Beatrice Koech, Julie Karfakis, Nancy Nyagoha
More than 95% of Kenyan women receive antenatal care (ANC) and only 62% access skilled delivery. To explore women's opinion on delivery location, 20 focus group discussions were conducted at an urban and rural setting in western Kenya. Participants included health care workers, traditional birth attendants (TBAs), and women who attended at least four ANC visits and delivered. Six in-depth interviews were also conducted with a combination of women who gave birth in a facility and at home. Discussions were digitally recorded and transcribed for analysis...
March 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776900/the-biopsychosocial-digital-approach-to-health-and-disease-call-for-a-paradigm-expansion
#9
Alireza Ahmadvand, Robert Gatchel, John Brownstein, Lisa Nissen
Digital health is an advancing phenomenon in modern health care systems. Currently, numerous stakeholders in various countries are evaluating the potential benefits of digital health solutions at the individual, population, and/or organizational levels. Additionally, driving factors are being created from the customer-side of the health care systems to push health care providers, policymakers, or researchers to embrace digital health solutions. However, health care providers may differ in their approach to adopt these solutions...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776899/increasing-physical-activity-in-mothers-using-video-exercise-groups-and-exercise-mobile-apps-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Maya Nina Mascarenhas, June Maylin Chan, Eric Vittinghoff, Erin Lynn Van Blarigan, Frederick Hecht
BACKGROUND: Women significantly decrease their activity levels in the transition to motherhood. Digital health technologies are low cost, scalable, and can provide an effective delivery mechanism for behavior change. This is the first study that examines the use of videoconferencing and mobile apps to create exercise groups for mothers. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to test the feasibility, acceptability, and effectiveness of an individually adaptive and socially supportive physical activity intervention incorporating videoconferencing and mobile apps for mothers...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776434/choice-of-outcomes-and-measurement-instruments-in-randomised-trials-on-elearning-in-medical-education-a-systematic-mapping-review-protocol
#11
Gloria C Law, Christian Apfelbacher, Pawel P Posadzki, Sandra Kemp, Lorainne Tudor Car
BACKGROUND: There will be a lack of 18 million healthcare workers by 2030. Multiplying the number of well-trained healthcare workers through innovative ways such as eLearning is highly recommended in solving this shortage. However, high heterogeneity of learning outcomes in eLearning systematic reviews reveals a lack of consistency and agreement on core learning outcomes in eLearning for medical education. In addition, there seems to be a lack of validity evidence for measurement instruments used in these trials...
May 17, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773528/a-digital-app-to-aid-detection-monitoring-and-management-of-dyslexia-in-young-children-dimmand-protocol-for-a-digital-health-and-education-solution
#12
Mariam R Sood, Annet Toornstra, Martin I Sereno, Mark Boland, Daniele Filaretti, Anuj Sood
BACKGROUND: Dyslexia, a specific learning difficulty and a disability as defined in the Equality Act 2010, is a lifelong condition that affects a child from the start of education. Dyslexia is characterized by difficulties in language processing (reading, spelling, and writing) which do not correspond with the child's general intellectual abilities. Although dyslexia cannot be cured, there is a consensus that interventions are more effective and have greater impact the earlier they are administered...
May 17, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772609/measuring-outcomes-of-digital-technology-assisted-nursing-postpartum-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Deborah E Mccarter, Eugene Demidenko, Mark T Hegel
AIM: To determine if delivering electronic messages from nurses during the first six months postpartum is feasible, acceptable and effective in improving mood and decreasing parenting stress. BACKGROUND: Competing demands during the postpartum hospitalization make focused time for nurses to provide education and support difficult. Unmet needs following discharge may increase the incidence of postpartum depression. Untreated depression negatively affects families, especially for vulnerable women with limited access to health care...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772598/hair-color-and-skin-color-together-influence-perceptions-of-age-health-and-attractiveness-in-lightly-pigmented-young-women
#14
Bernhard Fink, Katharina Liebner, Ann-Kathrin Müller, Thomas Hirn, Graham McKelvey, John Lankhof
OBJECTIVE: Research documents that even subtle changes in visible skin condition affect perceptions of age, health, and attractiveness. There is evidence that hair quality also affects the assessment of physical appearance, as variations in hair diameter, hair density, and hair style have systematic effects on perception. Here, we consider combined effects of hair color and skin color on the perception of female physical appearance. METHODS: In two experiments, we digitally manipulated facial skin color of lightly-pigmented, young women, both between-subjects (Experiment 1) and within-subjects (Experiment 2), and investigated possible interactions with hair color in regard to age, health, and attractiveness perception...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Cosmetic Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771606/improved-motor-unit-number-estimate-when-motor-unit-alternation-is-addressed
#15
Bradley A DeForest, Jeffrey Winslow, Christine K Thomas
Motor unit number estimation (MUNE) is important for determining motoneuron survival with age or in conditions such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis or spinal cord injury. The original incremental method, or approaches introduced to minimize alternation (e.g. multiple point stimulation), are most commonly used but accept the limitation that alternation of motor units may still inflate the estimate. Alternation occurs because axon thresholds are probabilistic and overlap for different axons, therefore different combination of motor units may respond at a given stimulus intensity...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770248/hedea-a-python-tool-for-extracting-and-analysing-semi-structured-information-from-medical-records
#16
Anshul Aggarwal, Sunita Garhwal, Ajay Kumar
Objectives: One of the most important functions for a medical practitioner while treating a patient is to study the patient's complete medical history by going through all records, from test results to doctor's notes. With the increasing use of technology in medicine, these records are mostly digital, alleviating the problem of looking through a stack of papers, which are easily misplaced, but some of these are in an unstructured form. Large parts of clinical reports are in written text form and are tedious to use directly without appropriate pre-processing...
April 2018: Healthcare Informatics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767828/a-digitally-facilitated-citizen-science-driven-approach-accelerates-participant-recruitment-and-increases-study-population-diversity
#17
Milo A Puhan, Nina Steinemann, Christian P Kamm, Stephanie Müller, Jens Kuhle, Roland Kurmann, Pasquale Calabrese, Jürg Kesselring, Viktor von Wyl, Swiss Multiple Sclerosis Registry Smsr
QUESTION UNDER STUDY: Our aim was to assess whether a novel approach of digitally facilitated, citizen-science research, as followed by the Swiss Multiple Sclerosis Registry (Swiss MS Registry), leads to accelerated participant recruitment and more diverse study populations compared with traditional research studies where participants are mostly recruited in study centres without the use of digital technology. METHODS: The Swiss MS Registry is a prospective, longitudinal, observational study covering all Switzerland...
May 16, 2018: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767504/motion-based-immunological-detection-of-zika-virus-using-pt-nanomotors-and-a-cellphone
#18
Mohamed Shehata Draz, Nivethitha Kota Lakshminaraasimulu, Sanchana Krishnakumar, Dheerendranath Battalapalli, Anish Vasan, Manoj Kumar Kanakasabapathy, Aparna Sreeram, Shantanu Kallakuri, Prudhvi Thirumalaraju, Yudong Li, Stephane Hua, Xu G Yu, Daniel R Kuritzkes, Hadi Shafiee
Zika virus (ZIKV) infection is an emerging pandemic threat to humans that can be fatal in newborns. Advances in digital health systems and nanoparticles can facilitate the development of sensitive and portable detection technologies for timely management of emerging viral infections. Here we report a nanomotor-based bead-motion cellphone (NBC) system for the immunological detection of ZIKV. The presence of virus in a testing sample results in the accumulation of platinum (Pt)-nanomotors on the surface of beads, causing their motion in H2 O2 solution...
May 16, 2018: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766655/pre-surgical-surgical-and-post-surgical-experiences-of-weight-loss-surgery-patients-a-closer-look-at-social-determinants-of-health
#19
L P Johnson, F M Asigbee, R Crowell, A Negrini
Using a novel qualitative approach, Photovoice, researchers assessed social, psychological, physical and economic barriers encountered by patients of weight loss surgery. Applying the Photovoice approach and Williams' theory of narrative reconstruction for qualitative interviewing, the research team set out to investigate the bariatric patient experience from pre-surgery to hospitalization to post-surgery. Fifteen participants were given digital cameras and asked to take photographs that represented their weight loss journeys...
May 15, 2018: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764794/an-ehealth-capabilities-framework-for-graduates-and-health-professionals-mixed-methods-study
#20
Melissa Brunner, Deborah McGregor, Melanie Keep, Anna Janssen, Heiko Spallek, Deleana Quinn, Aaron Jones, Emma Tseris, Wilson Yeung, Leanne Togher, Annette Solman, Tim Shaw
BACKGROUND: The demand for an eHealth-ready and adaptable workforce is placing increasing pressure on universities to deliver eHealth education. At present, eHealth education is largely focused on components of eHealth rather than considering a curriculum-wide approach. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to develop a framework that could be used to guide health curriculum design based on current evidence, and stakeholder perceptions of eHealth capabilities expected of tertiary health graduates...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
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