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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353393/131i-induced-graves-disease-in-patients-treated-for-toxic-multinodular-goitre-systematic-review-and-descriptive-analysis
#1
REVIEW
C Roque, C A Vasconcelos
BACKGROUND: Graves' disease (GD) arising after the treatment of toxic multinodular goitre (TMNG) with radioiodine has long been described but it remained unclear whether GD was in fact iodine induced, its incidence, risk factors, natural history and treatment outcomes. METHODS: A systematic search using The Cochrane Library, Medline and PubMed Central allowed the pooling of data from 3633 patients with thyroid autonomy, 1340 patients with TMNG, to fill gaps in knowledge, regarding the clinical expression of iodine-induced GD (131I-IGD) in adults...
January 20, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353388/outcomes-and-cost-effectiveness-of-ultrasound-guided-injection-of-the-trochanteric-bursa
#2
William G Mitchell, Sharon C Kettwich, Wilmer L Sibbitt, Randy R Sibbitt, Maheswari Muruganandam, Noelle A Rolle, William A Hayward, Roderick A Fields, Luis P Roldan, N Suzanne Emil, Monthida Fangtham, Arthur D Bankhurst
We hypothesized that ultrasound (US) guidance improves outcomes of corticosteroid injection of trochanteric bursitis. 40 patients with greater trochanteric pain syndrome defined by pain to palpation over the trochanteric bursa were randomized to injection with 5 ml of 1% lidocaine and 80 mg of methylprednisolone using (1) conventional anatomic landmark palpation guidance or (2) US guidance. Procedural pain (Visual Analogue Pain Scale), pain at outcome (2 weeks and 6 months), therapeutic duration, time-to-next intervention, and costs were determined...
January 20, 2018: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353359/the-effects-of-rainfall-regimes-and-terracing-on-runoff-and-erosion-in-the-three-gorges-area-china
#3
Qin-Xue Xu, Pan Wu, Jun-Feng Dai, Tian-Wei Wang, Zhao-Xia Li, Chong-Fa Cai, Zhi-Hua Shi
Changes in natural rainfall regimes have taken place and are expected to become more pronounced in future decades. These changes are also likely to be accompanied by changes in crop management practices. The main purpose of this study was to analyze runoff and soil loss in relation to rainfall regimes and terracing in the Three Gorges area, China. Based on 10 years of field observation and k-mean clusters, 101 rainfall events were grouped into three rainfall regimes. Rainfall regime I was the group of events with strong rainfall intensity, high frequency, and short duration...
January 20, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353357/heath-risk-among-pesticide-sellers-in-bamenda-cameroon-and-peripheral-areas
#4
Jean Sonchieu, Edouard Nantia Akono, Cheche Tanwi Ngwamitang, Benoït Martin Ngassoum
In Bamenda and peripheral zones, studies have been focused on the effects of pesticides on farmers (pesticide users) while nothing has been done to assess the exposure of sellers to pesticides. This study aimed at evaluating the exposure of pesticide sellers in the same area. Thirty-two questionnaires were administered to 32 pesticide sellers systematically selected, and chi-square was used for statistical analysis. From each shop, a respondent was chosen among the workers according to its daily time spent in the workplace...
January 20, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353292/harm-reduction-program-use-psychopathology-and-medical-severity-in-patients-with-methadone-maintenance-treatment
#5
Nieves Gudelia Martínez-Luna, Laia Rodríguez-Cintas, Abderraman Esojo, Raúl Felipe Palma-Álvarez, María Robles-Martínez, Lara Grau-López, Marta Perea, Carlos Roncero
Methadone maintenance programs (MMP) for opioid dependence treatment have been widely used due to their effective therapeutic outcomes. Harm reduction programs (HRP) are complementary programs for severe patients with high risk behaviors and when abstinence is not possible. This study aims to compare patients in MMP that use HRP (MMP-HRP) and patients in MMP who do not use HRP (MMP-NO HRP). The sample was composed of 143 patients (MMP-HRP = 42 vs. MMP-NO HRP = 101). An additional subanalysis was performed with patients under 45 years of age (n = 116; MMP-HRP = 38 vs...
January 15, 2018: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353271/erythrocytes-and-skeletal-muscle-unsaturated-and-omega-6-fatty-acids-are-positively-correlated-after-caloric-restriction-and-exercise
#6
Miquel Martorell, Victoria Pons, Joan Carles Domingo, Xavier Capó, Antoni Sureda, Franchek Drobnic, Josep-Antoni Tur, Antoni Pons
BACKGROUND: Nutritional intervention studies with fatty acid (FA) supplements assess the efficacy of the intervention by measuring the changes in erythrocyte membrane lipid profiles reflected in tissue composition changes. The aim was to determine the effects of caloric restriction (CR) on erythrocytes lipid composition and to compare and correlate these changes with skeletal muscle acid profiles after CR. METHODS: Erythrocytes were obtained from 11 healthy men before and after 4 weeks of 33% CR in post-exercise conditions; muscle biopsies were obtained from the same athletes after 4 weeks of 33% CR in post-exercise conditions...
January 19, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353146/case-study-as-a-means-of-evaluating-the-impact-of-early-years-leaders-steps-paths-and-routes
#7
Mark Hadfield, Michael Jopling
The paper argues that case study will need to play an increasingly important role in the evaluation of leadership development programmes as both formal and substantive theories of leadership place greater emphasis upon the role played by organizational context on leaders ability to bring about change. Prolonged engagement within a case study provides researchers with opportunities to capture the dynamics between leaders and their organisational contexts. However, adopting a case study approach is no substitute for inadequate theorization of the link between leadership approaches and leadership effects...
January 8, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352776/plasma-cvd-of-hydrogenated-boron-carbon-thin-films-from-triethylboron
#8
Mewlude Imam, Carina Höglund, Susann Schmidt, Richard Hall-Wilton, Jens Birch, Henrik Pedersen
Low-temperature chemical vapor deposition (CVD) of B-C thin films is of importance for neutron voltaics and semiconductor technology. The highly reactive trialkylboranes, with alkyl groups of 1-4 carbon atoms, are a class of precursors that have been less explored for low-temperature CVD of B-C films. Herein, we demonstrate plasma CVD of B-C thin films using triethylboron (TEB) as a single source precursor in an Ar plasma. We show that the film density and B/C ratio increases with increasing plasma power, reaching a density of 2...
January 21, 2018: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352717/should-we-use-cell-of-origin-and-dual-protein-expression-in-treating-dlbcl
#9
REVIEW
Peter A Riedell, Sonali M Smith
Treatment outcomes in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) following standard R-CHOP (rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone) therapy is highly variable and dependent on a number of clinical, biologic, and genetic features. The identification of molecular heterogeneity via gene expression profiling dichotomizes patients based on the cell of origin (COO) model into germinal center B-cell-like (GCB) and activated B-cell-like (ABC) subsets, with ABC-DLBCL having a worse outcome...
December 24, 2017: Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma & Leukemia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352710/changes-in-hepg2-spheroid-behavior-induced-by-differences-in-the-gap-distance-between-spheroids-in-a-micropatterned-culture-system
#10
Daisuke Miyamoto, Takuya Hara, Ai Hyakutake, Kohji Nakazawa
Micropatterning is a promising technique for modulating culture environments. In this study, we investigated the effect of spheroid separation distance on their properties in a micropatterned chip of HepG2 spheroids. The basic chip design consisted of 37 collagen spots (300 μm in diameter) in a hexagonal arrangement on a glass substrate; the region without collagen-spots was modified by polyethylene glycol to create the non-adhesive surface. Three similar chips were fabricated with gap distances between collagen-spots of 500, 1000, and 1500 μm...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352679/inter-sexual-habitat-and-isotopic-niche-segregation-of-the-endangered-monteiro-s-storm-petrel-during-breeding
#11
V H Paiva, J A Ramos, C Nava, V Neves, J Bried, M Magalhães
At-sea distribution and trophic ecology of small seabird species (i.e.<100 g) is far less known when compared to their larger relatives. We studied the habitat use (spatial ecology) and isotopic niches (trophic ecology) of the endangered Monteiro's storm-petrel Hydrobates monteiroi during the incubation and chick-rearing periods of 2013. There was a sexual foraging segregation of Monteiro's storm-petrels during the breeding period (tracking data) but also during the non-breeding stage (stable isotope analysis)...
December 30, 2017: Zoology: Analysis of Complex Systems, ZACS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352665/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-cam-practices-and-dietary-patterns-in-children-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-in-singapore-and-malaysia
#12
Fangyi Ong, Way Seah Lee, Charlotte Lin, Ruey Terng Ng, Shin Yee Wong, Su Lin Lim, Seng Hock Quak, Marion Aw
BACKGROUND: The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has been associated with adverse effects and self-imposed dietary restrictions. The prevalence of its use in Asian children with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is unknown. We aimed to determine the prevalence, types, and factors associated with the use of CAM among children with IBD from Singapore and Malaysia, and to ascertain if dietary restriction was prevalent in patients who used CAM. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in which parents of children with IBD attending two tertiary pediatric IBD referral centres in Singapore and Malaysia were interviewed...
December 26, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352582/a-microfluidic-distributor-combining-minimal-volume-minimal-dispersion-and-minimal-sensitivity-to-clogging
#13
Sander Jespers, Sander Deridder, Gert Desmet
A new type of microfluidic flow distributor (referred to as the mixed mode or MM-distributor) is proposed. Its performance characteristics are determined using computational fluid dynamics (CFD), both in the absence and the presence of clogging, which is an important problem in microfluidic systems. A comparison is made with two existing, well-performing distributor types: the bifurcating (BF) distributor and an optimized diverging distributor, the so-called radially interconnected (RI) distributor. It was found that, in the absence of clogging, the MM-distributor produces only a little more dispersion than the bifurcating (BF) distributor, but much less than the radially interconnected (RI) distributor...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352470/a-laser-optical-method-for-predicting-adulteration-of-clover-honey-bee
#14
A E El-Raie, H E Hassan, A A Abd El-Rahman, R A Shaimaa
The authenticity of honey is great importance for commercial and health reasons. Adulteration of honey bee with cheaper sweetening materials has been used. The objectives of this study were: 1) To evaluate the quality of honey bee according to physicochemical characteristics, 2) To estimate the transmission property of prediction of honey using visible laser technique, and 3) Possibility of adulteration of honey bee according to high transmission intensity of laser beam through Clover honey bee. Helium-neon (He-Ne) laser in the visible light with wavelengths 632...
January 20, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352469/amoxicillin-current-use-in-swine-medicine
#15
REVIEW
D G S Burch, D Sperling
Amoxicillin has become a major antimicrobial substance in pig medicine for the treatment and control of severe, systemic infections such as Streptococcus suis. The minimum inhibitory concentration 90% (MIC 90) is 0.06 μg amoxicillin/ml, and the proposed epidemiological cut-off value (ECOFF) is 0.5 μg/ml, giving only 0.7% of isolates above the ECOFF or of reduced susceptibility. Clinical breakpoints have not been set for amoxicillin against porcine pathogens yet, hence the use of ECOFFs. It has also been successfully used for bacterial respiratory infections caused by Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae and Pasteurella multocida...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352468/developmental-plasticity-of-gabaergic-neurotransmission-to-brainstem-motoneurons
#16
Lila Buls Wollman, Richard B Levine, Ralph F Fregosi
Nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) signalling regulates neuronal differentiation and synaptogenesis. Here we test the hypothesis that developmental nicotine exposure (DNE) disrupts the development of GABAergic synaptic transmission to hypoglossal motoneurons (XIIMNs). GABAergic spontaneous and miniature inhibitory postsynaptic currents (sIPSC/mIPSC) were recorded from XIIMNs in brainstem slices from control and DNE rat pups of either sex, 1-5 days old, at baseline and following acute stimulation of nAChRs with nicotine...
January 20, 2018: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352467/systematic-misclassification-of-gestational-age-by-ultrasound-biometry-implications-for-clinical-practice-and-research-methodology-in-the-nordic-countries
#17
Alkistis Skalkidou, Merit Kullinger, Marios K Georgakis, Helle Kieler, Ulrik S Kesmodel
Historically, pregnancy dating has been based on self-reported information on first day of the last menstrual period. In the 1970s, ultrasound biometry was introduced as an alternative for pregnancy dating, and is now the leading method in Nordic countries. The use of ultrasound led to a reduction of postterm births and fewer inductions and is considered more precise than last menstrual period-based methods for pregnancy dating. Nevertheless, differences in early growth and specific situations, such as maternal obesity, can render its estimates less precise, leading to gestational age misclassification...
January 20, 2018: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352399/predictors-of-retention-in-an-alcohol-and-risky-sex-prevention-program-for-homeless-young-adults
#18
Eric R Pedersen, Brett A Ewing, Elizabeth J D'Amico, Jeremy N V Miles, Ann C Haas, Joan S Tucker
Homeless young adults are at risk for alcohol and other drug (AOD) use and risky sexual behavior. Interventions are needed to help these young people reduce their risky behavior, but this population is often difficult to engage and retain in services. We offered a four-session AOD and risky sex reduction program to 100 participants and examined if retention in the program was predicted by a number of factors: demographics, homelessness severity, other service use, AOD behaviors, mental health symptoms, sexual risk behaviors, and readiness to change AOD and condom use...
January 20, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352317/optic-flow-detection-is-not-influenced-by-visual-vestibular-congruency
#19
Vivian Holten, Paul R MacNeilage
Optic flow patterns generated by self-motion relative to the stationary environment result in congruent visual-vestibular self-motion signals. Incongruent signals can arise due to object motion, vestibular dysfunction, or artificial stimulation, which are less common. Hence, we are predominantly exposed to congruent rather than incongruent visual-vestibular stimulation. If the brain takes advantage of this probabilistic association, we expect observers to be more sensitive to visual optic flow that is congruent with ongoing vestibular stimulation...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352280/leisure-time-physical-activity-and-prevalence-of-non-communicable-pathologies-and-prescription-medication-in-spain
#20
Pablo Fernandez-Navarro, María Teresa Aragones, Victoria Ley
Our aims were to describe physical activity (PA) behaviour in Spain and to examine its association with the prevalence of some of the major non-communicable diseases and with the use of prescription medication. Individualized secondary data retrieved from the 2014 European Health Interview Survey (EHIS) for Spain were used to conduct a cross-sectional epidemiological study (n = 18926). PA was assessed by two different measures: a specific designed variable for EHIS and a leisure time PA frequency-based query of the national survey...
2018: PloS One
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