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hypoglycemia infant,newborn

Sanna Koivunen, Annukka Torkki, Aini Bloigu, Mika Gissler, Anneli Pouta, Eero Kajantie, Marja Vääräsmäki
INTRODUCTION: The change from risk-factor based to nearly comprehensive screening of gestational diabetes (GDM) identifies more but milder cases of the disease. The main aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of this screening policy change on neonatal outcomes and care. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A population-based register study in Finland. GDM cases during risk factor-based (year 2006, n=5179) and comprehensive (2010, n=6679) screenings were identified through Medical Birth Register...
September 28, 2016: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Mitra Behrashi, Mansooreh Samimi, Tayyebeh Ghasemi, Farzaneh Saberi, Fatemeh Atoof
BACKGROUND: Untreated or poorly controlled gestational diabetes can cause serious complications for mother and newborn. Glibenclamide is rarely used in treating mothers with this disease. This study aimed at comparing the effect of glibenclamide and insulin on neonatal outcomes in women with gestational diabetes mellitus. METHODS: In this randomized controlled clinical trial, 249 pregnant women aged 18-45 years within the 11(th)-33(rd) weeks of gestation with gestational diabetes, single fetus pregnancy, and in need of hyperglycemia treatment were entered and grouped randomly as either glibenclamide or insulin...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
K Ben Ameur, F Z Chioukh, I Bouanene, E S Ghedira, H Ben Hamida, M Bizid, K Ben Salem, R Tabka, H Babba, K Monastiri
BACKGROUND: The reliability of blood glucose monitoring in neonatology is not always confirmed. The aim of this study was to evaluate the reliability of blood glucose measurements made with three different devices in newborns. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study was prospective, conducted in a medical and neonatal intensive care department over a period of 4 months. Capillary glucose level was measured with three different glucometers and compared with venous glucose level determined using the hexokinase method...
September 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
Beena D Kamath-Rayne, Paul J Rozance, Robert L Goldenberg, Alan H Jobe
The practice of antenatal corticosteroid administration in pregnancies of 24-34 weeks of gestation that are at risk of preterm delivery was adopted over 20 years after the first randomized clinical trial in humans. It is biologically plausible that antenatal corticosteroid in pregnancies beyond 34 weeks of gestation would reduce rates of respiratory morbidity and neonatal intensive care admission. Mostly guided by the results of a large multicenter randomized trial of antenatal corticosteroid in late preterm infants, the Antenatal Late Preterm Steroids Trial, the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists has released a practice advisory that the "administration of betamethasone may be considered in women with a singleton pregnancy between 34 0/7 and 36 6/7 weeks of gestation at imminent risk of preterm birth within 7 days...
October 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Walid Fazeli, Mert Karakaya, Peter Herkenrath, Anne Vierzig, Jörg Dötsch, Jürgen-Christoph von Kleist-Retzow, Sebahattin Cirak
BACKGROUND: Neonatal lactic acidosis can be associated to severe inborn errors of metabolism. Rapid identification of the underlying disorder may improve the clinical management through reliable counseling of the parents and adaptation of the treatment. METHODS: We present the case of a term newborn with persistent hypoglycemia on postnatal day 1, who developed severe lactic acidosis, aggravating under intravenous glucose administration. Routine metabolic investigations revealed elevated pyruvate and lactate levels in urine, and magnetic resonance spectroscopy showed a lactic acid peak and decreased N-acetylaspartate levels...
December 2016: Molecular and Cellular Pediatrics
Jose Maria Lloreda-García, Sandra Sevilla-Denia, Alba Rodríguez-Sánchez, Pablo Muñoz-Martínez, Marta Díaz-Ruiz
OBJECTIVE: To assess the incidence and perinatal complications of macrosomic infants born to diabetic and non-diabetic mothers. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A six-year retrospective study of newborns at our hospital. A total of 996 macrosomic newborns were found. Maternal characteristics, mode of delivery, and perinatal outcomes were studied. RESULTS: Of 18005 newborns, 996 were macrosomic infants (5.53%). Of these, 103 (10.3%) were born to diabetic mothers...
October 2016: Endocrinología y Nutrición: órgano de la Sociedad Española de Endocrinología y Nutrición
Donna M Ferriero
BACKGROUND: Over the past two decades, imaging techniques have allowed for better visualization of the newborn brain. This has enabled us to detect patterns, understand mechanisms and guide diagnosis and treatment. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this review is to discuss imaging characteristics of acquired perinatal brain injury. METHODS: Through literature review and the author's research, this review assesses published data on the distinct imaging patterns that occur in the neonatal period due to acquired brain insults...
2016: Neonatology
Rebecca C Ahrens-Nicklas, Louise C Pyle, Can Ficicioglu
PURPOSE: Despite greatly improved morbidity and mortality among infants with medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (MCAD) since the implementation of universal newborn screening (NBS), a population of neonates still becomes ill before their positive screen results are available. Exclusive breastfeeding is a proposed risk factor in this group. Since initial studies of MCAD NBS, breastfeeding rates have increased substantially. In this study, we quantify the current risk of early decompensation in neonates with MCAD and identify factors associated with poor outcomes...
May 5, 2016: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
Monica G Haşmaşanu, Sorana D Bolboaca, Tudor C Drugan, Melinda Matyas, Gabriela C Zaharie
INTRODUCTION: Linear growth failure is caused by multiple factors including parental factors. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate parental risk factors for intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) on a population of Romanian newborn infants in a tertiary level maternity facility for a period of 2.5 years. METHODS: A retrospective matched case-control study was conducted in the Emergency County Hospital of Cluj-Napoca, a university hospital in North-Western Romania...
November 2015: Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo
Jessica Scott Schwoerer, Gena Cooper, Sandra van Calcar
Very long chain acyl CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (VLCADD) is an inborn error in long chain fatty acid oxidation with significant variability in the severity and timing of its clinical presentation. Neonatal presentations of VLCADD have included hypoglycemia and cardiomyopathy while rhabdomyolysis is usually a later onset complication. We describe a neonate with VLCADD presenting with rhabdomyolysis prior to the return of an abnormal newborn screen. This report suggests that evaluating for rhabdomyolysis, in addition to a cardiac and hepatic work-up, is an important part of the initial evaluation of an infant with an abnormal newborn screen suggesting a diagnosis of VLCADD...
June 2015: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports
Catherine Bennett, Elyse Fagan, Edwin Chaharbakhshi, Ina Zamfirova, Jai Flicker
Neonatal hypoglycemia is a leading cause of admission of neonates to the NICU. Typical treatment for neonatal hypoglycemia includes supplementation with formula or, in some cases, intravenous glucose administration. These treatments, though effective at treating hypoglycemia, interrupt exclusive breastfeeding and interfere with mother-infant bonding. Our institution developed a treatment algorithm for newborns at risk for neonatal hypoglycemia. The new algorithm called for the oral administration of 40% glucose gel...
February 2016: Nursing for Women's Health
P M Faye, A Thiongane, N R Diagne-Guèye, A Ba, M Gueye, S Diouf, O N'Diaye, A N'Diour, H S Sy, M Sarr
INTRODUCTION: Kangaroo care (KC) is an effective method to care for low birth weight (LBW) newborns, particularly in developing countries. The objective of this study was to estimate the efficacy of this method and its impact on morbidity and mortality of LBW infants admitted to the KC unit of Albert-Royer National Children's Hospital Center (ARNCHC) in Dakar, Senegal. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a retrospective, single-center study from July 2011 to July 2013...
March 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
Aldo Bancalari, Ricardo Schade, Tomás Muñoz, Carolina Lazcano, Rodrigo Parada, Rubén Peña
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of oral propranolol on the progression of early stages of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. METHODS: We analyzed VLBW infants with ROP (stages 2-3, zones II-III). Newborns received oral propranolol (0.5 mg/kg/dose q8h), and were monitored throughout the treatment period for possible side effects. Propranolol was administered until regression of ROP. A historic control group of patients with equivalent ROP was used...
July 1, 2016: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
Cynthia Gyamfi-Bannerman, Elizabeth A Thom, Sean C Blackwell, Alan T N Tita, Uma M Reddy, George R Saade, Dwight J Rouse, David S McKenna, Erin A S Clark, John M Thorp, Edward K Chien, Alan M Peaceman, Ronald S Gibbs, Geeta K Swamy, Mary E Norton, Brian M Casey, Steve N Caritis, Jorge E Tolosa, Yoram Sorokin, J Peter VanDorsten, Lucky Jain
BACKGROUND: Infants who are born at 34 to 36 weeks of gestation (late preterm) are at greater risk for adverse respiratory and other outcomes than those born at 37 weeks of gestation or later. It is not known whether betamethasone administered to women at risk for late preterm delivery decreases the risks of neonatal morbidities. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter, randomized trial involving women with a singleton pregnancy at 34 weeks 0 days to 36 weeks 5 days of gestation who were at high risk for delivery during the late preterm period (up to 36 weeks 6 days)...
April 7, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
David H Adamkin
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The screening and management for neonatal hypoglycemia remains a confusing and contentious problem in neonatology. The purpose of this article is to contrast recent recommendations from the American Academy of Pediatrics and the Pediatric Endocrine Society. RECENT FINDINGS: Using different methodologies, the organizations have significant differences on whom to screen and what levels of glucose should be used for management. The identification of the first 48 h as a transitional hyperinsulinemic state is a new important concept...
April 2016: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
Ellen O Boundy, Roya Dastjerdi, Donna Spiegelman, Wafaie W Fawzi, Stacey A Missmer, Ellice Lieberman, Sandhya Kajeepeta, Stephen Wall, Grace J Chan
CONTEXT: Kangaroo mother care (KMC) is an intervention aimed at improving outcomes among preterm and low birth weight newborns. OBJECTIVE: Conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis estimating the association between KMC and neonatal outcomes. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Scopus, African Index Medicus (AIM), Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Information System (LILACS), Index Medicus for the Eastern Mediterranean Region (IMEMR), Index Medicus for the South-East Asian Region (IMSEAR), and Western Pacific Region Index Medicus (WPRIM)...
January 2016: Pediatrics
Debbie Suk, Taehee Kwak, Nayaab Khawar, Samantha Vanhorn, Carolyn M Salafia, Madhu B Gudavalli, Pramod Narula
BACKGROUND: Obesity is becoming an increasingly commonplace health problem. Obesity during pregnancy is important because the condition adversely affects not only the mother, but also the developing fetus and the newborn. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the association between maternal body mass index (mBMI) at the time of delivery and neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admission of offspring and to analyze the role of possible confounding variables that are often associated with obesity...
October 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Nitin S Chouthai, Holly Sobczak, Reshma Khan, Divya Subramanian, Sim Raman, Raghavendra Rao
BACKGROUND: Therapeutic hypothermia (TH) improves survival and neurodevelopmental outcome in neonatal hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). Both, hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia are common in infants with HIE. The relationship between hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia, and immediate outcome has not been well described. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of newborn infants with HIE (N = 56) was conducted. Blood glucose concentrations recorded during the first 96 hours were noted...
2015: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
Elavazhagan Chakkarapani, Kenneth J Poskitt, Steven P Miller, Jill G Zwicker, Qi Xu, Darren S T Wong, Elke H Roland, Alan Hill, Vann Chau
In cooled newborns with encephalopathy, although late magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan (10-14 days of age) is reliable in predicting long-term outcome, it is unknown whether early scan (3-6 days of life) is. We compared the predominant pattern and extent of lesion between early and late MRI in 89 term neonates with neonatal encephalopathy. Forty-three neonates (48%) were cooled. The predominant pattern of lesions and the extent of lesion in the watershed region agreed near perfectly in noncooled (kappa = 0...
April 2016: Journal of Child Neurology
Jeffrey R Kaiser, Shasha Bai, Neal Gibson, Greg Holland, Tsai Mei Lin, Christopher J Swearingen, Jennifer K Mehl, Nahed O ElHassan
IMPORTANCE: Prolonged neonatal hypoglycemia is associated with poor long-term neurocognitive function. However, little is known about an association between early transient newborn hypoglycemia and academic achievement. OBJECTIVE: To determine if early (within the first 3 hours of life) transient hypoglycemia (a single initial low glucose concentration, followed by a second value above a cutoff) is associated with subsequent poor academic performance. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: A retrospective population-based cohort study of all infants born between January 1, 1998, and December 31, 1998, at the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences who had at least 1 recorded glucose concentration (a universal newborn glucose screening policy was in effect) was conducted...
October 2015: JAMA Pediatrics
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