keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

hypoglycemia newborn

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844484/golden-60%C3%A2-minutes-of-newborn-s-life-part-2-term-neonate
#1
Deepak Sharma, Pradeep Sharma, Sweta Shastri
The concept of "Golden 60 minutes" or "Golden Hour" has been derived from adult trauma. It has been defined as the first 60 minutes of postnatal life. It has been seen that care received by any newborn in the initial first hour have implications in the future life, showing the importance of golden hour. The major cause of neonatal mortality term newborn is asphyxia, which can be reduced with effective resuscitation. In golden hour approach for term newborn, the importance is given to effective and evidence based resuscitation, post-resuscitation care, delayed cord clamping, prevention of hypothermia, immediate breast feeding, prevention of hypoglycemia, and starting of therapeutic hypothermia in case of moderate to severe asphyxia...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844483/golden-60%C3%A2-minutes-of-newborn-s-life-part-1-preterm-neonate
#2
Deepak Sharma
"Golden 60 minutes "or "Golden Hour" is defined as the first hour of the newborn after birth. This hour includes resuscitation care, transport to nursery from place of birth and course in nursery. The concept of "Golden hour" includes evidence based interventions that are done in the first 60 min of postnatal life for the better long term outcome of the preterm newborn especially extreme premature, extreme low birth weight and very low birth weight. The evidence shows that the concept of "Golden 60 minutes" leads to reduction in neonatal complications like hypothermia, hypoglycemia, intraventricular hemorrhage, chronic lung disease and retinopathy of prematurity...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817881/the-effect-of-early-feeding-on-initial-glucose-concentrations-in-term-newborns
#3
Yin Zhou, Shasha Bai, Joshua A Bornhorst, Nahed O Elhassan, Jeffrey R Kaiser
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of early feeding on initial glucose concentrations in healthy term newborns who were not at risk for hypoglycemia. STUDY DESIGN: This retrospective observational study was conducted at the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences where universal early glucose screening was standard of care for newborn infants. Plasma glucose concentrations were compared in term infants born in 2008 who were not at risk for neonatal hypoglycemia and who were fed before (early feeders) and after (late feeders) their initial glucose screens...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764194/vitamin-d-deficiency-increases-the-risk-of-adverse-neonatal-outcomes-in-gestational-diabetes
#4
Letícia Schwerz Weinert, Angela Jacob Reichelt, Leonardo Rauber Schmitt, Roberta Boff, Maria Lucia Rocha Oppermann, Joiza Lins Camargo, Sandra Pinho Silveiro
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and vitamin D deficiency have been associated with increased risk of adverse perinatal outcomes but the consequences of both conditions simultaneously present in pregnancy have not yet been evaluated. Our objective was to study the influence of vitamin D deficiency in neonatal outcomes of pregnancies with GDM. METHODS: 184 pregnant women with GDM referred to specialized prenatal monitoring were included in this cohort and had blood sampled for 25-hydroxyvitamin D measurement...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754968/a-unique-case-of-shwachman-diamond-syndrome-presenting-with-congenital-hypopituitarism
#5
Nurin Jivani, Carmen Torrado-Jule, Sarah Vaiselbuh, Eleny Romanos-Sirakis
Shwachman-Diamond syndrome (SDS) is an autosomal recessive bone marrow failure syndrome typically characterized by neutropenia and pancreatic dysfunction, although phenotypic presentations vary, and the endocrine phenotype is not well-described. We report a unique case of a patient with SDS who initially presented with hypoglycemia and micropenis in the newborn period and was diagnosed with congenital hypopituitarism. We are not aware of any other cases of SDS documented with this combination of complex endocrinopathies...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752931/pharmacological-management-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#6
REVIEW
Riki Bergel, Eran Hadar, Yoel Toledano, Moshe Hod
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is one of the most common morbidities complicating pregnancy, with short- and long-term consequences to the mothers, fetuses, and newborns. Management and treatment are aimed to achieve best possible glycemic control, while avoiding hypoglycemia and ensuring maternal and fetal safety. It involves behavioral modifications, nutrition and medications, if needed; concurrent with maternal and fetal surveillance for possible adverse outcomes. This review aims to elaborate on the pharmacological options for GDM therapy...
November 2016: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752317/improving-the-diagnosis-of-neonatal-hypoglycemia-in-a-well-baby-nursery
#7
Eric Ly, Jennifer Alexander, Temi Akinmboni, Hyung Woo, Colleen Driscoll
Point of care glucose (POCG) measurements, used for detecting neonatal hypoglycemia, can have variable accuracy. The appropriate diagnosis of neonatal hypoglycemia in babies with low POCG measurements involves confirmatory serum glucose (CSG) testing. At our institution, no babies with low POCG measurements had CSG testing in their evaluation of neonatal hypoglycemia over a three year period. Our aim was to increase the percentage of CSG testing in babies with a low POCG. A secondary aim was to decrease the percentage of low-risk, asymptomatic babies who received POCG testing...
2016: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682191/towards-national-comprehensive-gestational-diabetes-screening-consequences-for-neonatal-outcome-and-care
#8
Sanna Koivunen, Annukka Torkki, Aini Bloigu, Mika Gissler, Anneli Pouta, Eero Kajantie, Marja Vääräsmäki
INTRODUCTION: The change from risk-factor based to nearly comprehensive screening of gestational diabetes (GDM) identifies more but milder cases of the disease. The main aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of this screening policy change on neonatal outcomes and care. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A population-based register study in Finland. GDM cases during risk factor-based (year 2006, n=5179) and comprehensive (2010, n=6679) screenings were identified through Medical Birth Register...
September 28, 2016: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650628/pregnancy-outcome-after-false-diagnosis-of-fetal-growth-restriction
#9
Rinat Gabbay-Benziv, Amir Aviram, Eran Hadar, Rony Chen, Ron Bardin, Arnon Wiznitzer, Yariv Yogev
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate pregnancy outcome following false diagnosis of fetal growth restriction (FGR). METHODS: Retrospective analysis of all singleton term deliveries of appropriately grown fetuses (10-90th weight percentiles) in a single medical center (2007-2014). Elective cesarean-section, diabetes, and hypertension were excluded. Cohort was stratified based on third trimester sonographic estimated-fetal-weight (≥32 weeks). Women with false diagnosis FGR (<10th percentile) were compared with the rest (control)...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27442401/neonatal-hypoglycemia-a-continuing-debate-in-definition-and-management
#10
REVIEW
Orhideja Stomnaroska-Damcevski, Elizabeta Petkovska, Snezana Jancevska, Dragan Danilovski
Neonatal hypoglycemia (NH) is one of the most common abnormalities encountered in the newborn. Maintaining glucose homeostasis is one of the important physiological events during fetal-to-neonatal transition. Transient low blood glucose concentrations are frequently encountered in the majority of healthy newborns and are the reflections of normal metabolic adaptation processes. Nevertheless, there is a great concern that prolonged or recurrent low blood glucose levels may result in long-term neurological and developmental consequences...
2015: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27424373/acute-fatty-liver-of-pregnancy-analysis-on-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-15-cases
#11
Guoyan Liu, Xiaobin Shang, Bibo Yuan, Cha Han, Yingmei Wang
OBJECTIVE: To describe our experience with the diagnosis and management of acute fatty liver of pregnancy (AFLP). STUDY DESIGN: The medical records of pregnant women with AFLP were reviewed for symptoms, laboratory findings, treatment, and maternal and fetal outcomes during a 10-year period between January 2003 and December 2013. RESULTS: During the study period 15 women had AFLP as their discharge diagnosis. The mean gestational age at onset was 36 ± 1 weeks...
May 2016: Journal of Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27413519/comparison-of-glibenclamide-and-insulin-on-neonatal-outcomes-in-pregnant-women-with-gestational-diabetes
#12
Mitra Behrashi, Mansooreh Samimi, Tayyebeh Ghasemi, Farzaneh Saberi, Fatemeh Atoof
BACKGROUND: Untreated or poorly controlled gestational diabetes can cause serious complications for mother and newborn. Glibenclamide is rarely used in treating mothers with this disease. This study aimed at comparing the effect of glibenclamide and insulin on neonatal outcomes in women with gestational diabetes mellitus. METHODS: In this randomized controlled clinical trial, 249 pregnant women aged 18-45 years within the 11(th)-33(rd) weeks of gestation with gestational diabetes, single fetus pregnancy, and in need of hyperglycemia treatment were entered and grouped randomly as either glibenclamide or insulin...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27369101/-evaluation-of-the-measurement-of-capillary-glucose-concentration-versus-plasma-glucose-in-the-newborn
#13
K Ben Ameur, F Z Chioukh, I Bouanene, E S Ghedira, H Ben Hamida, M Bizid, K Ben Salem, R Tabka, H Babba, K Monastiri
BACKGROUND: The reliability of blood glucose monitoring in neonatology is not always confirmed. The aim of this study was to evaluate the reliability of blood glucose measurements made with three different devices in newborns. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study was prospective, conducted in a medical and neonatal intensive care department over a period of 4 months. Capillary glucose level was measured with three different glucometers and compared with venous glucose level determined using the hexokinase method...
September 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27357939/middle-iron-enriched-fructose-diet-on-gestational-diabetes-risk-and-on-oxidative-stress-in-offspring-rats
#14
Salam Zein, Farida Sitti, Mireille Osman, Josiane Arnaud, Cécile Batandier, Anne-Sophie Gauchez, Samar Rachidi, Karine Couturier, Isabelle Hininger-Favier
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with increased insulin resistance and a heightened level of oxidative stress (OS). Additionally, high iron consumption could also increase insulin resistance and OS, which could aggravate GDM risk. The aim of this study is to evaluate a high fructose diet (F) as an alternative experimental model of GDM on rats. We also have evaluated the worst effect of a fructose iron-enriched diet (FI) on glucose tolerance and OS status during pregnancy. Anthropometric parameters, plasma glucose levels, insulin, and lipid profile were assessed after delivery in rats fed an F diet...
June 30, 2016: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27345327/endocrine-regulation-of-gut-maturation-in-early-life-in-pigs
#15
REVIEW
T Thymann
After birth, the newborn must adapt to the acute challenges of circulatory changes, active respiration, thermoregulation, microbial colonization, and enteral nutrition. Whereas these processes normally occur without clinical complications in neonates born at term, birth at a preterm state of gestation is associated with high morbidity and mortality. In commercial pig production, perinatal mortality is higher than in any other mammalian species. Asphyxia, hypothermia, hypoglycemia, sepsis, and gut dysmotility, represent some of the most common findings...
July 2016: Domestic Animal Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27342043/antenatal-corticosteroids-beyond-34-weeks-gestation-what%C3%A2-do%C3%A2-we%C3%A2-do%C3%A2-now
#16
REVIEW
Beena D Kamath-Rayne, Paul J Rozance, Robert L Goldenberg, Alan H Jobe
The practice of antenatal corticosteroid administration in pregnancies of 24-34 weeks of gestation that are at risk of preterm delivery was adopted over 20 years after the first randomized clinical trial in humans. It is biologically plausible that antenatal corticosteroid in pregnancies beyond 34 weeks of gestation would reduce rates of respiratory morbidity and neonatal intensive care admission. Mostly guided by the results of a large multicenter randomized trial of antenatal corticosteroid in late preterm infants, the Antenatal Late Preterm Steroids Trial, the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists has released a practice advisory that the "administration of betamethasone may be considered in women with a singleton pregnancy between 34 0/7 and 36 6/7 weeks of gestation at imminent risk of preterm birth within 7 days...
October 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27317552/mendeliome-sequencing-enables-differential-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-neonatal-lactic-acidosis
#17
Walid Fazeli, Mert Karakaya, Peter Herkenrath, Anne Vierzig, Jörg Dötsch, Jürgen-Christoph von Kleist-Retzow, Sebahattin Cirak
BACKGROUND: Neonatal lactic acidosis can be associated to severe inborn errors of metabolism. Rapid identification of the underlying disorder may improve the clinical management through reliable counseling of the parents and adaptation of the treatment. METHODS: We present the case of a term newborn with persistent hypoglycemia on postnatal day 1, who developed severe lactic acidosis, aggravating under intravenous glucose administration. Routine metabolic investigations revealed elevated pyruvate and lactate levels in urine, and magnetic resonance spectroscopy showed a lactic acid peak and decreased N-acetylaspartate levels...
December 2016: Molecular and Cellular Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27306202/japanese-male-siblings-with-2-methyl-3-hydroxybutyryl-coa-dehydrogenase-deficiency-hsd10-disease-without-neurological-regression
#18
Shohei Akagawa, Toshiyuki Fukao, Yuko Akagawa, Hideo Sasai, Urara Kohdera, Minoru Kino, Yosuke Shigematsu, Yuka Aoyama, Kazunari Kaneko
2-Methyl-3-hydroxybutyryl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (HSD10 disease) is a rare X-linked disorder caused by a mutation in the HSD17B10 gene. Fewer than 30 patients with this disorder have been reported worldwide. The classical infantile form of HSD10 disease is characterized by a progressive neurodegenerative course with retinopathy and cardiomyopathy, although HSD10 disease has broad clinical heterogeneity. However, several male patients have not shown neurological regression. Here, we describe two Japanese siblings with HSD10 disease without neurological regression...
June 16, 2016: JIMD Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27267696/perinatal-outcome-of-macrosomic-infants-born-to-diabetic-versus-non-diabetic-mothers
#19
Jose Maria Lloreda-García, Sandra Sevilla-Denia, Alba Rodríguez-Sánchez, Pablo Muñoz-Martínez, Marta Díaz-Ruiz
OBJECTIVE: To assess the incidence and perinatal complications of macrosomic infants born to diabetic and non-diabetic mothers. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A six-year retrospective study of newborns at our hospital. A total of 996 macrosomic newborns were found. Maternal characteristics, mode of delivery, and perinatal outcomes were studied. RESULTS: Of 18005 newborns, 996 were macrosomic infants (5.53%). Of these, 103 (10.3%) were born to diabetic mothers...
October 2016: Endocrinología y Nutrición: órgano de la Sociedad Española de Endocrinología y Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27251382/the-vulnerable-newborn-brain-imaging-patterns-of-acquired-perinatal-injury
#20
Donna M Ferriero
BACKGROUND: Over the past two decades, imaging techniques have allowed for better visualization of the newborn brain. This has enabled us to detect patterns, understand mechanisms and guide diagnosis and treatment. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this review is to discuss imaging characteristics of acquired perinatal brain injury. METHODS: Through literature review and the author's research, this review assesses published data on the distinct imaging patterns that occur in the neonatal period due to acquired brain insults...
2016: Neonatology
keyword
keyword
20717
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"