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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109079/silencing-of-ribosomal-protein-l34-rpl34-inhibits-the-proliferation-and-invasion-of-esophageal-cancer-cells
#1
Huijie Fan, Jing Li, Yongxu Jia, Jingjing Wu, Long Yuan, Mingjun Li, Jiangqi Wei, Benling Xu
Ribosomal protein L34 (RPL34) belongs to the L34E family of ribosomal proteins and contains a zinc finger motif. Aberrant expression of RPL34 has been reported in several human malignancies. However, the precise role and potential underlying mechanisms of RPL34 in human esophageal cancer remain largely unknown. Thus, the objective of this study was to investigate the role of RPL34 in esophageal cancer progression. Our results showed that the expression of RPL34 at both mRNA and protein levels was frequently up-regulated in esophageal cancer cell lines...
January 20, 2017: Oncology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108950/t-cell-receptor-engineered-t-cells-for-cancer-treatment-current-status-and-future-directions
#2
REVIEW
Yu Ping, Chaojun Liu, Yi Zhang
T-cell receptor (TCR)-engineered T cells are a novel option for adoptive cell therapy used for the treatment of several advanced forms of cancer. Work using TCR-engineered T cells began more than two decades ago, with numerous preclinical studies showing that such cells could mediate tumor lysis and eradication. The success of these trials provided the foundation for clinical trials, including recent clinical successes using TCR-engineered T cells to target New York esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (NY-ESO-1)...
January 20, 2017: Protein & Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108832/beat-by-beat-assessment-of-cardiac-afterload-using-descending-aortic-velocity-pressure-loop-during-general-anesthesia-a-pilot-study
#3
Fabrice Vallée, Arthur Le Gall, Jona Joachim, Olivier Passouant, Joaquim Matéo, Arnaud Mari, Sandrine Millasseau, Alexandre Mebazaa, Etienne Gayat
Continuous cardiac afterload evaluation could represent a useful tool during general anesthesia (GA) to titrate vasopressor effect. Using beat to beat descending aortic pressure(P)/flow velocity(U) loop obtained from esophageal Doppler and femoral pressure signals might allow to track afterload changes. Methods We defined three angles characterizing the PU loop (alpha, beta and Global After-Load Angle (GALA)). Augmentation index (AIx) and total arterial compliance (Ctot) were measured via radial tonometry. Peripheral Vascular Resistances (PVR) were also calculated...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108772/peritherapeutic-serum-p53-antibody-titers-are-predictors-of-survival-in-patients-with-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-undergoing-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-and-surgery
#4
Kotaro Yamashita, Tomoki Makino, Koji Tanaka, Makoto Yamasaki, Masaaki Yamamoto, Yasuhiro Miyazaki, Tsuyoshi Takahashi, Yukinori Kurokawa, Kiyokazu Nakajima, Shuji Takiguchi, Masaki Mori, Yuichiro Doki
BACKGROUND: Although the preoperative serum level of p53 antibodies (s-p53-Abs) is reported to be a prognostic factor in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) patients, the clinical significance of post-therapeutic s-p53-Abs or the peritherapeutic changes in s-p53-Abs associated with the prognosis or treatment response of ESCC patients undergoing surgery following preoperative chemotherapy remains unclear. METHODS: s-p53-Abs titers were peritherapeutically measured in 136 ESCC patients who underwent surgery following preoperative chemotherapy in our department from 2008 to 2014...
January 20, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108439/de-novo-2p16-1-microdeletion-with-metastatic-esophageal-adenocarcinoma
#5
Don Chamil Codipilly, Ralitza H Gavrilova, Eric G Tangalos
Microdeletions involving chromosome 2p15-16.1 are a rare genetic abnormality and have been reported in 18 separate patients, mainly children, since 2007. This microdeletion syndrome is characterised by a heterogeneous expression of intellectual impairment, dysmorphic facies, musculoskeletal abnormalities and potential neurodevelopmental anomalies. We report the first case of natural progression in an adult patient who died at a young age of metastatic esophageal adenocarcinoma. Important learning points include the variable phenotypic expression of this microdeletion syndrome and the fact that clinicians must be thorough in investigating objective discrepancies in patients who cannot endorse classical symptoms...
January 20, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108314/mirna-638-promotes-autophagy-and-malignant-phenotypes-of-cancer-cells-via-directly-suppressing-dact3
#6
Yanli Ren, Yujie Chen, Xue Liang, Yan Lu, Wenting Pan, Ming Yang
Dyregulation of autophagy is implicated in human cancers and the mechanism details remains largely unclear. Herein we report the regulatory role of miR-638 in autophagy of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and breast cancer cells. We found that miR-638 overexpression promotes starvation- and rapamycin-induced autophagy. In ESCC and breast cancer cells, miR-638 acts as an oncogene and promote cell proliferation, migration, as well as invasion in vitro and in vivo. In accordance with this, we observed significantly higher miR-638 expression in ESCC and breast cancer tissues compared to normal tissues...
January 17, 2017: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107761/pre-emptive-endoscopic-vacuum-therapy-for-treatment-of-anastomotic-ischemia-after-esophageal-resections
#7
Philipp-Alexander Neumann, Rudolf Mennigen, Daniel Palmes, Norbert Senninger, Thorsten Vowinkel, Mike G Laukoetter
Background and study aims Endoscopic vacuum therapy (EVT) is a promising new approach for the treatment of anastomotic leakage in the gastrointestinal tract. Here, we present the first case series demonstrating successful use of EVT for the treatment of post-esophagectomy anastomotic ischemia prior to development of leakage. Patients and methods Between 2012 and 2015, intraluminal EVT was performed in eight patients with anastomotic ischemia following esophagectomy. The primary outcome measure was successful mucosal recovery...
January 20, 2017: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107506/association-between-increased-gastric-juice-acidity-and-sliding-hiatal-hernia-development-in-humans
#8
Hiroshi Kishikawa, Kayoko Kimura, Asako Ito, Kyoko Arahata, Sakiko Takarabe, Shogo Kaida, Takanori Kanai, Soichiro Miura, Jiro Nishida
OBJECTIVES: Several clinical factors; overweight, male gender and increasing age, have been implicated as the etiology of hiatal hernia. Esophageal shortening due to acid perfusion in the lower esophagus has been suggested as the etiological mechanism. However, little is known about the correlation between gastric acidity and sliding hiatus hernia formation. This study examined whether increased gastric acid secretion is associated with an endoscopic diagnosis of hiatal hernia. METHODS: A total of 286 consecutive asymptomatic patients (64 were diagnosed as having a hiatal hernia) who underwent upper gastrointestinal endoscopy were studied...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107467/correction-routine-endoscopy-for-esophageal-cancer-is-suggestive-for-patients-with-oral-oropharyngeal-and-hypopharyngeal-cancer
#9
Shih-Han Hung, Ming-Chieh Tsai, Tsai-Ching Liu, Herng-Ching Lin, Shiu-Dong Chung
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0072097.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107284/postsurgical-perforation-of-the-esophagus-can-be-treated-using-a-fully-covered-stent-in-children
#10
Chantal Chauvet, Arnaud Bonnard, Alexis Mosca, Marc Bellaïche, Pascale Philippe-Chomette, Jérôme Viala
OBJECTIVES: Surgery and conservative treatment of esophageal or gastric perforations are both often associated with poor results and carry a high morbidity and mortality rate. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of using fully covered self-expending metallic stents (SEMS) in children with upper digestive leaks. METHODS: This retrospective study reviewed all children with esophageal or gastric perforation who were treated with placement of an SEMS from January 2011 to January 2015...
February 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106227/can-ngal-be-employed-as-prognostic-and-diagnostic-biomarker-in-human-cancers-a-systematic-review-of-current-evidence
#11
Laura Roli, Valentina Pecoraro, Tommaso Trenti
BACKGROUND: Some studies have reported differentially altered neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) levels in several malignancies. We evaluated NGAL measured in plasma or urine as both prognostic and diagnostic marker for different types of human tumors. METHODS: We performed systematic electronic searches in Medline, Embase and CRDTAS. Studies were included if they evaluated NGAL as a prognostic or diagnostic marker for human cancers. The selection of the studies, screening of the full texts and data extraction were conducted independently by 2 authors...
January 16, 2017: International Journal of Biological Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106103/sox2-and-rb1-in-esophageal-small-cell-carcinoma-their-possible-involvement-in-pathogenesis
#12
Hirotaka Ishida, Atsuko Kasajima, Takashi Kamei, Tsuyoshi Miura, Naomi Oka, Samaneh Yazdani, Yohei Ozawa, Fumiyoshi Fujishima, Akira Sakurada, Yasuhiro Nakamura, Yoichi Tanaka, Masafumi Kurosumi, Yuichi Ishikawa, Yoshinori Okada, Noriaki Ohuchi, Hironobu Sasano
Clinicopathological features and pathogenesis of esophageal small-cell carcinoma remain unclear. We hypothesized common cellular origin and pathogenesis in small-cell carcinoma of esophagus and lung associated with SOX2 overexpression and loss of Rb1. Expression of squamous-basal markers (CK5/6 and p40), glandular markers (CK18 and CEA), SOX2, and Rb1 were evaluated in 15 esophageal small-cell carcinomas, 46 poorly differentiated squamous cell carcinomas, and 88 small-cell lung carcinoma, as well as 16 embryonic esophagus...
January 20, 2017: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105355/evaluation-of-prognostic-markers-for-patients-with-curatively-resected-thoracic-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinomas
#13
Masahide Ikeguchi, Yusuke Kouno, Kyoichi Kihara, Kazunori Suzuki, Kanenori Endo, Seiichi Nakamura, Takashi Sawada, Tetsu Shimizu, Tomoyuki Matsunaga, Yoji Fukumoto, Hiroaki Saito
The Glasgow Prognostic Score (GPS), neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and prognostic nutritional index (PNI) are prognostic parameters for malignancies. Additionally, serum squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCC-Ag) and cytokeratin 19 fragments (CYFRA 21-1) are tumor markers for squamous cell carcinoma. In the present study, the prognostic importance of these markers in patients with resectable thoracic esophageal cancer was investigated. In this retrospective study, 84 enrolled patients diagnosed with resectable clinical stage I-III thoracic esophageal squamous cell carcinomas (ESCCs) underwent thoracic esophageal resection and three-field lymph node dissection at Tottori University Hospital between January 2007 and December 2013...
December 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105341/changes-in-blood-concentrations-of-trace-metals-in-cancer-patients-receiving-cisplatin-based-chemotherapy
#14
Tsutomu Nakamura, Minoru Takahashi, Riho Niigata, Kazuhiko Yamashita, Manabu Kume, Midori Hirai, Hiroyuki Yasui
The administration of cisplatin (CDDP) may influence trace metal concentrations in body fluids. In order to test this hypothesis, the blood concentrations of trace metals were determined during the present study in eight Japanese esophageal and lung cancer patients receiving CDDP-based chemotherapy. The levels of manganese, iron (Fe), cobalt, copper, zinc (Zn), platinum and lead in the plasma were determined by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry. In addition, the serum levels of Fe, transferrin and ferritin were evaluated...
December 2016: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105186/upregulated-mir-193a-3p-as-an-oncogene-in-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-regulating-cellular-proliferation-migration-and-apoptosis
#15
Yunfeng Yi, Jianming Chen, Changjie Jiao, Jing Zhong, Zhiming Song, Xiaoping Yu, Xiujuan Lu, Baoli Lin
MicroRNAs (miRs) are small endogenous non-coding RNAs that play a vital role in carcinogenesis. miR-193a-3p has been described in multiple cancers. However, the function of miR-193a-3p in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is still unclear. To explore the role of miR-193a-3p in ESCC, reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction was used to evaluate the expression of miR-193a-3p in 48 paired ESCC and adjacent normal tissues. In addition, the impact of miR-193a-3p on cell proliferation, migration and apoptosis were analyzed by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay, wound scratch assay and flow cytometry, respectively...
December 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105174/improved-sensitization-effect-of-sunitinib-in-cancer-cells-of-the-esophagus-under-hypoxic-microenviroment
#16
Yu-Qiong Ding, Qin Qin, Yan Yang, Xin-Chen Sun, Xi Yang, Hong-Cheng Zhu, Xiao-Chen Chen, Hao Zhang, Yue-Hua Yang, Lei Gao, Ju-Dong Luo, Xi-Fa Zhou
Radiotherapy is widely used in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) treatment. Promoting the radiation sensitivity of cancer cells is required. Recent studies have shown that sunitinib can inhibit the growth of several cancer lines. However, few studies on the radiosensitive effect of sunitinib on ESCC cells under hypoxic conditions have been conducted. In the present study, the radiosensitive effects of sunitinib on human ESCC cells were assessed, and the underlying mechanisms were explored. ESCC cells were exposed to hypoxia and treated with sunitinib at different concentrations prior to irradiation...
December 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104797/not-all-esophageal-tumors-equal
#17
(no author information available yet)
Although squamous cell carcinomas and adenocarcinomas of the esophagus differ histologically, they are often lumped together in clinical trials. Genomic analysis shows that the two cancers are molecularly distinct. Esophageal adenocarcinomas are more similar to stomach adenocarcinomas, whereas esophageal squamous cell carcinomas are closer to head and neck squamous cell carcinomas.
January 19, 2017: Cancer Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104467/incidence-and-risk-factors-of-acute-kidney-injury-after-esophageal-cancer-surgery-a-nested-case-control-study
#18
Wen Wang, Tong Wang, Xiaoshuang Feng, Li Sun
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) has been increasingly recognized as a common and serious postoperative complication. Although many studies have been conducted to investigate postoperative AKI after thoracic surgery, little is known about AKI after esophageal surgery. Thus, we conducted this study to determine the incidence and identify risk factors of postoperative AKI after esophageal cancer surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective nested case-control study of patients undergoing elective esophageal cancer surgery between July 2013 and July 2016 in a single tertiary specialized cancer hospital was performed...
January 16, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104354/profound-loss-of-esophageal-tissue-differentiation-in-eosinophilic-esophagitis
#19
M Rochman, J Travers, C E Miracle, M C Bedard, T Wen, N P Azouz, J M Caldwell, K Kc, J D Sherrill, B P Davis, J K Rymer, K M Kaufman, M E Rothenberg
BACKGROUND: A key question in the allergy field is to understand how tissue specific disease is manifested. Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is an emerging tissue specific allergic disease whose pathogenesis remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: Herein, we tested the hypothesis that a defect in tissue specific esophageal genes is an integral part of EoE pathogenesis. METHODS: We interrogated the pattern of expression of esophagus-specific signature genes derived from the Human Protein Atlas in the EoE transcriptome and in EPC2 esophageal epithelial cells...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104297/brachytherapy-for-the-palliation-of-dysphagia-owing-to-esophageal-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-prospective-studies
#20
Lorenzo Fuccio, Daniele Mandolesi, Andrea Farioli, Cesare Hassan, Leonardo Frazzoni, Alessandra Guido, Nicola de Bortoli, Savino Cilla, Chiara Pierantoni, Francesco Saverio Violante, Franco Bazzoli, Alessandro Repici, Alessio Giuseppe Morganti
BACKGROUND: The management of dysphagia owing to esophageal cancer is challenging. Brachytherapy has been proposed as an alternative option to stent placement. We performed a systematic review to examine its efficacy and safety in the resolution of dysphagia. METHODS: Prospective studies recruiting at least 20 patients with malignant dysphagia and published up to April 2016 were eligible. The dysphagia-free survival (DFS) and adverse event rates were pooled by means of a random effect model...
January 16, 2017: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
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