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"Conflict of interest"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776690/misconduct-as-the-main-cause-for-retraction-a-descriptive-study-of-retracted-publications-and-their-authors
#1
Isabel Campos-Varela, Alberto Ruano-Raviña
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the causes of retracted publications and the main characteristics of their authors. METHOD: A descriptive cross-sectional study was designed including all retracted publications from January 1st, 2013-December 31st, 2016 indexed in PubMed. The causes of retraction were classified as: data management, authorship issues, plagiarism, unethical research, journal issues, review process, conflict of interest, other causes, and unknown reasons. Then, misbehaviour was classified as misconduct, suspicion of misconduct or no misconduct suspicion...
May 15, 2018: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775468/conflicts-of-interest-of-editors-of-medical-journals
#2
Waqas Haque, Abu Minhajuddin, Arjun Gupta, Deepak Agrawal
BACKGROUND: Almost all medical journals now require authors to publicly disclose conflicts of interests (COI). The same standard and scrutiny is rarely employed for the editors of the journals although COI may affect editorial decisions. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective observational study to determine the prevalence and magnitude of financial relationships among editors of 60 influential US medical journals (10 each for internal medicine and five subspecialties: cardiology, gastroenterology, neurology, dermatology and allergy & immunology)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764522/treatment-resistant-depression-and-peripheral-c-reactive-protein
#3
Samuel R Chamberlain, Jonathan Cavanagh, Peter de Boer, Valeria Mondelli, Declan N C Jones, Wayne C Drevets, Philip J Cowen, Neil A Harrison, Linda Pointon, Carmine M Pariante, Edward T Bullmore
BACKGROUND: C-reactive protein (CRP) is a candidate biomarker for major depressive disorder (MDD), but it is unclear how peripheral CRP levels relate to the heterogeneous clinical phenotypes of the disorder.AimTo explore CRP in MDD and its phenotypic associations. METHOD: We recruited 102 treatment-resistant patients with MDD currently experiencing depression, 48 treatment-responsive patients with MDD not currently experiencing depression, 48 patients with depression who were not receiving medication and 54 healthy volunteers...
May 16, 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760253/deprescribing-benzodiazepine-receptor-agonists-evidence-based-clinical-practice-guideline
#4
Kevin Pottie, Wade Thompson, Simon Davies, Jean Grenier, Cheryl A Sadowski, Vivian Welch, Anne Holbrook, Cynthia Boyd, Robert Swenson, Andy Ma, Barbara Farrell
OBJECTIVE: To develop an evidence-based guideline to help clinicians make decisions about when and how to safely taper and stop benzodiazepine receptor agonists (BZRAs); to focus on the highest level of evidence available and seek input from primary care professionals in the guideline development, review, and endorsement processes. METHODS: The overall team comprised 8 clinicians (1 family physician, 2 psychiatrists, 1 clinical psychologist, 1 clinical pharmacologist, 2 clinical pharmacists, and 1 geriatrician) and a methodologist; members disclosed conflicts of interest...
May 2018: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757751/expression-of-editorial-concern-correction-of-conflict-of-interest-and-affiliation
#5
Jmir Editorial Office
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.2196/resprot.7993.].
May 14, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757750/expression-of-editorial-concern-correction-of-conflict-of-interest-and-affiliation-and-data-corrections
#6
Jmir Editorial Office
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.2196/publichealth.9490.].
May 11, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756999/non-financial-conflicts-of-interest-moving-forward
#7
Alain Braillon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 14, 2018: Accountability in Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751222/development-of-forensic-medicine-in-post-reform-indonesia
#8
Yoni Fuadah Syukriani, Nita Novita, Deni K Sunjaya
Forensic medicine practice in Indonesia was introduced through the Dutch colonial criminal justice system in the early twentieth century. After more than 70 years of national independence, the development of forensic medicine still faces fundamental challenges, including confusion in the distribution of responsibility with law enforcement agencies, difficulties in managing conflicts of interest, and impediments in scientific practice and professional development. Despite of the golden opportunity from the Indonesian Reform movement in the late 1990s, the impact on forensic medicine development has been less than expected...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747945/financial-conflicts-of-interest-among-authors-of-urology-clinical-practice-guidelines
#9
Austin Carlisle, Aaron Bowers, Cole Wayant, Chase Meyer, Matt Vassar
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have highlighted the presence of disclosed and undisclosed financial conflicts of interest among authors of clinical practice guidelines. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine to what extent urology guideline authors receive and report industry payments in accordance with the Physician Payment Sunshine Act. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: We selected the 13 urology guidelines that were published by the American Urological Association (AUA) after disclosure was mandated by the Physician Payment Sunshine Act...
May 7, 2018: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746961/test-retest-reliability-of-posture-measurements-in-adolescents-with-idiopathic-scoliosis
#10
Pierre-Henri Heitz, Jean-François Aubin-Fournier, Éric Parent, Carole Fortin
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Posture changes are a major consequence of IS (IS). Posture changes can lead to psychosocial and physical impairments in adolescents with IS. Therefore, it is important to assess posture but the test-retest reliability of posture measurements still remains unknown in this population. PURPOSE: The primary objective was to determine the test-retest reliability of 25 head and trunk posture indices using the Clinical Photographic Postural Assessment Tool (CPPAT) in adolescents with IS...
May 7, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741731/expression-of-grim-19-in-unexplained-recurrent-spontaneous-abortion-and-possible-pathogenesis
#11
Yang Yang, Laiyang Cheng, Xiaohui Deng, Hongling Yu, Lan Chao
STUDY QUESTION: Is aberrant expression of gene associated with retinoid-interferon-induced mortality-19 (GRIM-19) associated with unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion (URSA)? SUMMARY ANSWER: GRIM-19 deficiency may regulate regulatory T cell/ T helper 17 cell (Treg/Th17) balance partly through reactive oxygen species (ROS) - mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling axis in URSA. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Immunological disorders may cause impaired maternal immune tolerance to the fetus and result in fetal rejection...
May 8, 2018: Molecular Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739352/nature-and-reporting-characteristics-of-uk-health-technology-assessment-systematic-reviews
#12
Christopher Carroll, Eva Kaltenthaler
BACKGROUND: A recent study by Page et al. (PLoS Med. 2016;13(5):e1002028) claimed that increasing numbers of reviews are being published and many are poorly-conducted and reported. The aim of the present study was to assess how well reporting standards of systematic reviews produced in a Health Technology Assessment (HTA) context compare with reporting in Cochrane and other 'non-Cochrane' systematic reviews from the same years (2004 and 2014), as reported by Page et al. (PLoS Med. 2016;13(5):e1002028)...
May 8, 2018: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739339/comparison-of-methodological-quality-rating-of-systematic-reviews-on-neuropathic-pain-using-amstar-and-r-amstar
#13
Svjetlana Dosenovic, Antonia Jelicic Kadic, Katarina Vucic, Nikolina Markovina, Dawid Pieper, Livia Puljak
BACKGROUND: Systematic reviews (SRs) in the field of neuropathic pain (NeuP) are increasingly important for decision-making. However, methodological flaws in SRs can reduce the validity of conclusions. Hence, it is important to assess the methodological quality of NeuP SRs critically. Additionally, it remains unclear which assessment tool should be used. We studied the methodological quality of SRs published in the field of NeuP and compared two assessment tools. METHODS: We systematically searched 5 electronic databases to identify SRs of randomized controlled trials of interventions for NeuP available up to March 2015...
May 8, 2018: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738263/which-social-values-are-considered-in-iranian-health-system
#14
Arash Rashidian, Mohammad Arab, Mohammadreza Vaez Mahdavi, Koimars Ashtarian, Hakimeh Mostafavi
BACKGROUND: Health systems have a set of limited resources for meeting the needs of communities. Health priority setting based on criteria and values is inevitable in such situation. This paper aims to identify the social values that are considered in Iranian health system. METHODS: This qualitative study was conducted in 3 steps including collecting national documents and literature review, interviewing key informants, and a 2 round Delphi. Interviews and documents were analyzed through thematic framework analysis...
May 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733398/pre-pregnancy-fast-food-and-fruit-intake-is-associated-with-time-to-pregnancy
#15
Jessica A Grieger, Luke E Grzeskowiak, Tina Bianco-Miotto, Tanja Jankovic-Karasoulos, Lisa J Moran, Rebecca L Wilson, Shalem Y Leemaqz, Lucilla Poston, Lesley McCowan, Louise C Kenny, Jenny Myers, James J Walker, Robert J Norman, Gus A Dekker, Claire T Roberts
STUDY QUESTION: Is preconception dietary intake associated with reduced fecundity as measured by a longer time to pregnancy (TTP)? SUMMARY ANSWER: Lower intake of fruit and higher intake of fast food in the preconception period were both associated with a longer TTP. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Several lifestyle factors, such as smoking and obesity, have consistently been associated with a longer TTP or infertility, but the role of preconception diet in women remains poorly studied...
May 4, 2018: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731262/wasp-write-a-scientific-paper-plagiarism-and-the-ethics-of-dealing-with-colleagues
#16
Josanne Vassallo
This paper aims to define and discuss the various forms and degrees of plagiarism. The potential consequences of this particular form of scientific misconduct will be highlighted. The overarching principles in ensuring adherence to research and work ethics are reviewed and the necessity for honesty, objectivity, integrity, respect for intellectual property, confidentiality as well as responsible publication emphasised. The "Publish or Perish" mantra has led to an increasing need for an understanding of the responsibilities related to authorship, acknowledgments and what these encompass...
May 3, 2018: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730820/correction-to-accuracy-and-limitations-of-vector-flow-mapping-left-ventricular-phantom-validation-using-stereo-particle-image-velocimetory
#17
Rei Asami, Tomohiko Tanaka, Ken-Ichi Kawabata, Kunio Hashiba, Takashi Okada, Tomohide Nishiyama
The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake. The conflict of interest statement was missing in the article. The CoI statement is given below.
May 5, 2018: Journal of Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730456/outcome-and-safety-analysis-of-3d-printed-patient-specific-pedicle-screw-jigs-for-complex-spinal-deformities-a-comparative-study
#18
Bhavuk Garg, Manish Gupta, Menaka Singh, Dinesh Kalyanasundaram
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Spinal deformities are very challenging to treat and have a great risk of neurological complications due to hardware placement during corrective surgery. Various techniques have been introduced to ensure safe and accurate placement of pedicle screws. Patient-specific screw guides with pre-drawn and pre-validated trajectory seems to be an attractive option. PURPOSE: We have focused on developing 3D printing technique for complex spinal deformities in India...
May 3, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728521/financial-relationships-between-neurologists-and-industry-the-2015-open-payments-database
#19
Aditi Ahlawat, Pushpa Narayanaswami
OBJECTIVE: To analyze research and nonresearch payments from the pharmaceutical and device industry to neurologists in 2015 using the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) Open Payments database. METHODS: In this retrospective database analysis, we computed the percentage of neurologists in the United States receiving payments, the median/mean payments per neurologist, payment categories, regional trends, and sponsors. We computed the number of practicing neurologists from the Association of American Medical Colleges State Physician Workforce data book, 2015...
May 4, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716830/pediatric-donation-after-circulatory-determination-of-death-pdcd-a-narrative-review
#20
REVIEW
Matthew J Weiss, Wendy Sherry, Laura Hornby
Pediatric donation after circulatory death (pDCD) is an established pathway for organ donation. It remains, however, a relatively rare event worldwide, and most clinicians outside of the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) are unfamiliar with it. The goal of this review is to introduce the processes and concepts of pDCD. While most children die in circumstances that would not allow pDCD, many children that die after withdrawal of life sustaining therapy (WLST) may be eligible for donation of some organs. The potential benefits of this practice to patients on the wait list are well known, but donation can also be an opportunity to honor a patient's or family's desire to altruistically improve the lives of others...
April 14, 2018: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews
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