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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166224/a-reanalysis-of-occupation-and-suicide-negative-perceptions-of-the-workplace-linked-to-suicide-attempts
#1
Matt Howard, Morgan Krannitz
Suicide is the ultimate outcome of poor psychological well-being; however, there is a paucity of research examining the link between occupation and suicide, despite early academic interest and the known importance of work to our everyday lives. We propose that this body of research was abandoned prematurely, and we provide a reanalysis by integrating the Job Characteristics Model and the Conservation of Resources model with extant suicide research. Specifically, we hypothesize that work design characteristics (job autonomy, task variety, physical demands) and threats to personal resources (absence of viewing work-as-career, work-family conflict, family-work conflict, job dissatisfaction) are linked to suicide attempts via depression and suicidal ideation...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165614/long-term-health-in-recipients-of-transplanted-in-vitro-propagated-spermatogonial-stem-cells
#2
Callista L Mulder, Lisa A E Catsburg, Yi Zheng, Cindy M de Winter-Korver, Saskia K M van Daalen, Madelon van Wely, Steven Pals, Sjoerd Repping, Ans M M van Pelt
STUDY QUESTION: Is testicular transplantation of in vitro propagated spermatogonial stem cells associated with increased cancer incidence and decreased survival rates in recipient mice? SUMMARY ANSWER: Cancer incidence was not increased and long-term survival rate was not altered after transplantation of in vitro propagated murine spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) in busulfan-treated recipients as compared to non-transplanted busulfan-treated controls. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Spermatogonial stem cell autotransplantation (SSCT) is a promising experimental reproductive technique currently under development to restore fertility in male childhood cancer survivors...
November 18, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165115/effects-of-gaps-in-priorities-between-ideal-and-real-lives-on-psychological-burnout-among-academic-faculty-members-at-a-medical-university-in-japan-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Yuki Chatani, Kyoko Nomura, Saki Horie, Keisuke Takemoto, Masumi Takeuchi, Yukifumi Sasamori, Shinichi Takenoshita, Aya Murakami, Haruko Hiraike, Hiroko Okinaga, Derek Smith
BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidence from medical workforce research indicates that poor work/life balance and increased work/home conflict induce psychological distress. In this study we aim to examine the existence of a priority gap between ideal and real lives, and its association with psychological burnout among academic professionals. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey, conducted in 2014, included faculty members (228 men, 102 women) at a single medical university in Tokyo, Japan...
April 4, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164521/funding-source-conflict-of-interest-and-positive-conclusions-in-neuro-oncology-clinical-trials
#4
Fabio Y Moraes, Lucas C Mendez, Neil K Taunk, Srinivas Raman, John H Suh, Luis Souhami, Ben Slotman, Eduardo Weltman, Daniel E Spratt, Alejandro Berlin, Gustavo N Marta
We aimed to test any association between authors' conclusions and self-reported COI or funding sources in central nervous system (CNS) studies. A review was performed for CNS malignancy clinical trials published in the last 5 years. Two investigators independently classified study conclusions according to authors' endorsement of the experimental therapy. Statistical models were used to test for associations between positive conclusions and trials characteristics. From February 2010 to February 2015, 1256 articles were retrieved; 319 were considered eligible trials...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164037/guidelines-for-the-management-of-degenerative-cervical-myelopathy-and-acute-spinal-cord-injury-development-process-and-methodology
#5
Lindsay A Tetreault, Andrea C Skelly, Joseph R Dettori, Jefferson R Wilson, Allan R Martin, Michael G Fehlings
The Institute of Medicine defines clinical practice guidelines as "statements that include recommendations intended to optimize patient care that are informed by a systematic review of evidence and an assessment of the benefits and harms of alternative care options." Guidelines help clinicians implement best evidence into practice and encourage informed shared decision making with patients. Guidelines are intended to enhance the quality of patient care by discouraging ineffective and potentially harmful interventions and standardizing practice...
September 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163357/a-journey-through-the-gonadotropin-inhibitory-hormone-system-of-fish
#6
REVIEW
José A Muñoz-Cueto, José A Paullada-Salmerón, María Aliaga-Guerrero, Mairi E Cowan, Ishwar S Parhar, Takayoshi Ubuka
Gonadotropin-inhibitory hormone (GnIH) is a hypothalamic neuropeptide that belongs to the RFamide peptide family and was first identified in the quail brain. From the discovery of avian GnIH, orthologous GnIH peptides have been reported in a variety of vertebrates, including mammals, amphibians, teleosts and agnathans, but also in protochordates. It has been clearly established that GnIH suppresses reproduction in avian and mammalian species through its inhibitory actions on brain GnRH and pituitary gonadotropins...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162698/ideals-practices-and-future-prospects-of-stakeholder-involvement-in-sustainability-science
#7
Jahel Mielke, Hannah Vermaßen, Saskia Ellenbeck
This paper evaluates current stakeholder involvement (SI) practices in science through a web-based survey among scholars and researchers engaged in sustainability or transition research. It substantiates previous conceptual work with evidence from practice by building on four ideal types of SI in science. The results give an interesting overview of the varied landscape of SI in sustainability science, ranging from the kinds of topics scientists work on with stakeholders, over scientific trade-offs that arise in the field, to improvements scientists wish for...
November 21, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158351/conflicts-of-interest-in-scientific-publishing
#8
Ignacio Amigo, Alberto Pascual-García
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 20, 2017: EMBO Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155342/predictors-before-and-after-multimodal-rehabilitation-for-pain-acceptance-and-engagement-in-activities-at-a-one-year-follow-up-for-patients-with-whiplash-associated-disorders-wad-a-study-based-on-the-swedish-quality-registry-for-pain-rehabilitation-sqrp
#9
Anne Söderlund, Monika Löfgren, Britt-Marie Stålnacke
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that pain acceptance strategies related to psychological flexibility are important in the presence of chronic musculoskeletal pain. However, the predictors of these strategies have not been studied extensively in patients with Whiplash Associated Disorders (WAD). PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to predict chronic pain acceptance and engagement in activities at one-year follow-up with pain intensity, fear of movement, perceived responses from significant others, outcome expectancies, and demographic variables in patients with WAD before and after multimodal rehabilitation (MMR)...
November 16, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155000/role-of-cerebrolysin-%C3%A2-in-cervical-spondylotic-myelopathy-patients-a-prospective-randomized-study
#10
Ahmad Fouad Abdelbaki Allam, Tarek Abdalla Ahmed Abotakia, Wael Koptan
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Cerebrolysin(®) is a mixture containing 85% free amino acids and 15% biologically active low-molecular weight peptides, that is believed to mimic the effects of endogenous neurotrophic factors to interact with the pathological process cascade of neurodegenerative diseases. No study has examined the effect of Cerebrolysin(®) on the cervical myelopathic patients. PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of cerebrolysin(®) as a conservative modality on cervical spondylotic myelopathic patients...
November 14, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154997/kyphoplasty-for-osteoporotic-vertebral-fractures-with-posterior-wall-injury
#11
Ahmed Shawky, Ali Ezzati, Ramachandran Govindasamy, Branko Krajnovic, Belal El-Nady, Galal Zaki Said
BACKGROUND: Cement augmentation techniques are standard treatments for osteoporotic vertebral fractures. Compared to vertebroplasty, kyphoplasty is associated with lower rates of cement leak and better deformity correction, however, posterior wall fractures are relative, but not absolute, contraindications for both techniques and hence treatment practices vary among spine centers. PURPOSE: The primary aim of this study was to assess our center's incidence of posterior cement leakage in osteoporotic vertebral fractures with posterior wall injury treated by balloon kyphoplasty...
November 14, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154571/taxometric-analyses-of-pedophilia-utilizing-self-report-behavioral-and-sexual-arousal-indicators
#12
Skye Stephens, Elisabeth Leroux, Tracey Skilling, James M Cantor, Michael C Seto
Pedophilia refers to the recurrent, intense sexual interest in prepubescent children who, by definition, have not developed any secondary sex characteristics. Researchers have begun to investigate whether persons with pedophilia are qualitatively different from those without pedophilia (pedophilia is a taxon) or if people vary in their level of sexual interest toward children (pedophilia is dimensional). Two relatively small studies have previously attempted to address this question, but produced conflicting results...
November 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154290/positive-facial-expressions-during-retrieval-of-self-defining-memories
#13
Marie Charlotte Gandolphe, Jean Louis Nandrino, Gérald Delelis, Claire Ducro, Audrey Lavallee, Xavier Saloppe, Ahmed A Moustafa, Mohamad El Haj
In this study, we investigated, for the first time, facial expressions during the retrieval of Self-defining memories (i.e., those vivid and emotionally intense memories of enduring concerns or unresolved conflicts). Participants self-rated the emotional valence of their Self-defining memories and autobiographical retrieval was analyzed with a facial analysis software. This software (Facereader) synthesizes the facial expression information (i.e., cheek, lips, muscles, eyebrow muscles) to describe and categorize facial expressions (i...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Integrative Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154027/adult-criticism-and-vigilance-diminish-free-riding-by-children-in-a-social-dilemma
#14
Natália B Dutra, Natalia Craciun Boccardi, Phiética Raíssa R Silva, José de Oliveira Siqueira, Wallisen Tadashi Hattori, Maria Emília Yamamoto, Anuska Irene de Alencar
In cooperative situations, individual interests can be in conflict with those of the group, creating a social dilemma in which one must choose whether to cooperate or not. Sensitivity to social stimuli is an important factor influencing cooperative behavior in such dilemmas. The current study investigated the influence of verbal feedback and vigilance by adults on children's donating behavior in a public goods game. The participants were 739 public school children, between 5 and 12 years of age, who were divided into 34 groups...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151056/between-professional-values-social-regulations-and-patient-preferences-medical-doctors-perceptions-of-ethical-dilemmas
#15
Berit Bringedal, Karin Isaksson Rø, Morten Magelssen, Reidun Førde, Olaf Gjerløv Aasland
BACKGROUND: We present and discuss the results of a Norwegian survey of medical doctors' views on potential ethical dilemmas in professional practice. METHODS: The study was conducted in 2015 as a postal questionnaire to a representative sample of 1612 doctors, among which 1261 responded (78%). We provided a list of 41 potential ethical dilemmas and asked whether each was considered a dilemma, and whether the doctor would perform the task, if in a position to do so...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149322/altruistic-and-self-serving-goals-modulate-behavioral-and-neural-responses-in-deception
#16
Fang Cui, Song Wu, Haiyan Wu, Chengyao Wang, Can Jiao, Yuejia Luo
People tell lies not only for their own self-interests but sometimes also to help others. Little is known about the ways in which different types of goals modulate behaviors and neural responses in deception. The present study investigated the neural processes associated with spontaneous deception that occurs with altruistic reasons (i.e., the money would be donated to charity), self-serving reasons (i.e., the participant receives all of the money), and mixed goals (i.e., the money would be equally split between the participant and the charity)...
November 15, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148841/promoting-transparent-reporting-of-conflicts-of-interests-and-statistical-analyses-at-the-journal-of-sex-research
#17
John K Sakaluk, Cynthia A Graham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145645/waddlia-chondrophila-a-chlamydia-related-bacterium-has-a-negative-impact-on-human-spermatozoa
#18
D Baud, N Vulliemoz, A Ammerdorffer, J Gyger, G Greub, V Castella, M Stojanov
STUDY QUESTION: What is the impact of Waddlia chondrophila, an emerging Chlamydia-related bacterium associated with miscarriage, on human spermatozoa? SUMMARY ANSWER: W. chondrophila had a negative impact on human spermatozoa (decrease in viability and mitochondrial membrane potential) and was not entirely removed from infected samples by density gradient centrifugation. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Bacterial infection or colonization might have a deleterious effect on male fertility...
November 14, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143744/hidden-conflicts-of-interest-in-continuing-medical-education
#19
Ladan Golestaneh, Ethan Cowan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 11, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142349/interesting-skeletal-radiologic-and-scintigraphic-outcomes-and-their-logical-clinical-conclusions
#20
Ranadheer Manthri, Tejonath Gadepalli, Deepthi Pathapati, Vvs Prabhakar Rao
Skeletal scintigraphy with (99m)Tc-methylene diphosphonate and 18-fluorine-fluoride the main stay in cancer follow-up for early detection of skeletal metastasis often reveal confusing and conflicting findings requiring proper interpretation in conjunction with clinical-radiological correlation. A series of commonly encountered findings are presented for elucidation.
October 2017: Indian Journal of Nuclear Medicine: IJNM: the Official Journal of the Society of Nuclear Medicine, India
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