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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668032/presence-of-meniscus-tear-alters-gene-expression-profile-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-tears
#1
Robert H Brophy, Marcus A Rothermich, Eric D Tycksen, Lei Cai, Muhammad Farooq Rai
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears occur in isolation or in tandem with other intra-articular injuries such as meniscus tears. The impact of injury pattern on the molecular biology of the injured ACL is unknown. Here, we tested the hypothesis that the biological response of the ACL to injury varies based on the presence or absence of concomitant meniscus tear. We performed RNA-seq on 28 ACL tears remnants (12 isolated, 16 combined). In total, 16,654 transcripts were differentially-expressed between isolated and combined injury groups at false-discovery-rate of 0...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665604/-foreign-material-free-anterior-cruciate-ligament-repair-with-hamstring-graft-felmet-technique
#2
Marc Chmielnicki, Wolfram Siebert, Axel Prokop
Rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is a common sports injury. Shear forces can damage the articular cartilage and lead to early osteoarthritis. Ligamentary stabilisation of the knee is necessary. Today, arthroscopic ACL repair is a standard knee procedure. Transplant fixation is often performed using implants, e.g. interference screws. The foreign material-free procedure using the Felmet technique enables biological, mechanically stable fixation of the hamstring tendon graft. We demonstrate the surgical technique, including meniscus suture and a video case study...
April 2018: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665134/the-role-of-bmp2-in-the-maturation-and-maintenance-of-the-murine-knee-joint
#3
Laura W Gamer, Steven Pregizer, Jackson Gamer, Marina Feigenson, Andreia Ionescu, Qing Li, Lin Han, Vicki Rosen
Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) are key regulators of skeletal development, growth and repair. While BMP signaling is required for synovial joint formation and is also involved in preserving joint function after birth, the role of specific BMP ligands in adult joint homeostasis remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to define the role of Bmp2 in the morphogenesis and maintenance of the knee joint. To do this, we first created Bmp2-LacZ and Gdf5-LacZ knock-in mice and compared their expression patterns in the developing and postnatal murine knee joint...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663192/human-knee-meniscus-regeneration-strategies-a-review-on-recent-advances
#4
REVIEW
Mamatha M Pillai, J Gopinathan, R Selvakumar, Amitava Bhattacharyya
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Lack of vascularity in the human knee meniscus often leads to surgical removal (total or partial meniscectomy) in the case of severe meniscal damage. However, complete recovery is in question after such removal as the meniscus plays an important role in knee stability. Thus, meniscus tissue regeneration strategies are of intense research interest in recent years. RECENT FINDINGS: The structural complexity and inhomogeneity of the meniscus have been addressed with processing technologies for precisely controlled three dimensional (3D) complex porous scaffold architectures, the use of biomolecules and nanomaterials...
April 16, 2018: Current Osteoporosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662913/high-rate-of-missed-lateral-meniscus-posterior-root-tears-on-preoperative-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#5
Aaron J Krych, Isabella T Wu, Vishal S Desai, Naveen S Murthy, Mark S Collins, Daniel B F Saris, Bruce A Levy, Michael J Stuart
Background: Lateral meniscus posterior root tears (LMPRTs), if left untreated, can cause devastating effects to the knee, with rapid articular cartilage degeneration and loss of the meniscus as a secondary stabilizer. Detection and surgical repair of these defects have been linked to favorable outcomes, but preoperative identification of LMPRTs continues to be challenging. Purpose: To determine the rate of LMPRTs diagnosed preoperatively on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in a consecutive series of arthroscopically confirmed LMPRTs...
April 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661110/alteration-of-gait-parameters-in-a-mouse-model-of-surgically-induced-knee-osteoarthritis
#6
Yuma Makii, Meiko Asaka, Susumu Setogawa, Soichiro Fujiki, Yoko Hosaka, Fumiko Yano, Hiroyuki Oka, Sakae Tanaka, Naoshi Fukui, Dai Yanagihara, Taku Saito
PURPOSE: Joint pain is the most common symptom of osteoarthritis (OA); however, its mechanism remains unclarified. The present study investigated hindlimb motion during locomotion on the treadmill using a three-dimensional (3D) motion analysis system with high-speed cameras to evaluate whether this method can be used as an indication of joint pain in a mouse model of surgically induced OA. METHODS: We resected the medial meniscus and medial collateral ligament in 8-week old C57BL/6 male mice and performed locomotion recording 6 months post-operatively...
May 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659299/low-1-year-return-to-sport-rate-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-regardless-of-patient-and-surgical-factors-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-272-patients
#7
Eric Hamrin Senorski, Eleonor Svantesson, Susanne Beischer, Christoffer Thomeé, Roland Thomeé, Jón Karlsson, Kristian Samuelsson
BACKGROUND: There is insufficient knowledge about the way that concomitant injuries affect the short-term likelihood of a return to a knee-strenuous sport after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. Hypotheses/Purpose: The purpose was to study whether patient characteristics, concomitant injuries, and graft choice at primary ACL reconstruction can predict return to sport (RTS) 1 year after surgery. The hypotheses were that younger age at the time of ACL reconstruction would positively affect RTS, while the presence of concomitant injuries would negatively affect RTS 1 year after surgery...
April 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658360/hyaluronic-acid-promotes-proliferation-and-migration-of-human-meniscus-cells-via-a-cd44-dependent-mechanism
#8
Tomohiko Murakami, Shuhei Otsuki, Yoshinori Okamoto, Kosuke Nakagawa, Hitoshi Wakama, Nobuhiro Okuno, Masashi Neo
PURPOSE: Treatment of meniscal injury is important for osteoarthritis (OA) prevention. Meniscus cells are divided between inner and outer cells, which have different characteristics and vascularity. We evaluated the effects of hyaluronic acid (HA) on the proliferation and migration of human inner and outer meniscus cells, and investigated the underlying healing mechanisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Lateral menisci from 18 patients who underwent total knee arthroplasty were used...
April 15, 2018: Connective Tissue Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653240/medial-meniscus-posterior-root-tear-induces-pathological-posterior-extrusion-of-the-meniscus-in-the-knee-flexed-position-an-open-magnetic-resonance-imaging-analysis
#9
S Masuda, T Furumatsu, Y Okazaki, Y Kodama, T Hino, Y Kamatsuki, S Miyazawa, T Ozaki
BACKGROUND: A medial meniscus posterior root tear (MMPRT) is defined as an injury to the posterior meniscal insertion on the tibia. In MMPRT, the medial meniscus (MM) hoop function is damaged, and the MM undergoes a medial extrusion into the interior from the superior articular surface of the tibia. However, the details of MM position and movement during knee joint movement are unclear in MMPRT cases. The present study aims to evaluate MM position and movement via magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examination of the MM posterior extrusion (MMPE) at knee flexion angles of 10° and 90°...
April 10, 2018: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650413/taurine-protects-against-knee-osteoarthritis-development-in-experimental-rat-models
#10
Yiqun Bian, Meng Zhang, Kai Wang
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the complex diseases that affect a large population of the world. The aim of the current study was to explore the roles of taurine in OA rat models, and discover the related mechanisms. METHODS: OA rat models were established by anterior cruciate ligament transection (ACLT) plus medial meniscus resection (MMx) surgery on the right knees. Secondary mechanical allodynia, weight-bearing alterations and knee joint width were evaluated before surgery and every two weeks after surgery...
April 9, 2018: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648924/operative-treatment-of-isolated-meniscus-injuries-in-adolescent-patients-a-meta-analysis-and-review
#11
Gina M Mosich, Virginia Lieu, Edward Ebramzadeh, Jennifer J Beck
CONTEXT: With the rise in sports participation and increased athleticism in the adolescent population, there is an ever-growing need to better understand adolescent meniscus pathology and treatment. OBJECTIVE: To better understand the operative management of meniscus tears in the adolescent population. DATA SOURCES: A systematic review of PubMed (MEDLINE) and Google Scholar was performed for all archived years. STUDY SELECTION: Studies that reported on isolated meniscus tears in adolescent patients (age, 10-19 years) were included...
April 1, 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629916/distal-femoral-varus-osteotomy-for-the-management-of-valgus-deformity-of-the-knee
#12
Seth L Sherman, Samuel F Thompson, John C F Clohisy
Distal femoral varus osteotomy is a well-described treatment option for patients with valgus malalignment associated with a variety of underlying conditions. This procedure may be the definitive treatment option in active patients with isolated lateral compartment osteoarthritis or posttraumatic arthritis. It may be a useful concomitant procedure in young patients with lateral meniscus deficiency, focal chondral defects, chronic medial collateral ligament insufficiency, and/or patellofemoral instability. Distal femoral varus osteotomy can be performed with medial closing wedge or lateral opening wedge techniques...
April 6, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626617/dynamic-sonographic-visualization-of-an-occult-posterior-lateral-meniscocapsular-separation-a-case-report
#13
Allison Schroeder, Volker Musahl, Christopher Urbanek, Kentaro Onishi
Meniscocapsular separation describes detachment of the meniscus from the knee joint capsule. Diagnosis is challenging with conventional examination and imaging methods. We report a case of an 18-year-old female softball catcher with unrevealing MRI despite continued left knee locking and discomfort with deep squatting. Meniscocapsular separation was revealed only on dynamic sonographic exam, where knee flexion revealed a 3.1 mm gap that developed between the capsule and peripheral meniscus. Arthroscopy confirmed the sonographic findings, and repair resulted in complete resolution of symptoms...
April 4, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624738/meniscal-extrusion-and-degeneration-during-the-course-of-osteoarthritis-in-the-murine-collagenase-induced-osteoarthritis-model
#14
Lizette Utomo, Susanne M Eijgenraam, Duncan E Meuffels, Sita M A Bierma-Zeinstra, Yvonne M Bastiaansen-Jenniskens, Gerjo J V M van Osch
Meniscal damage is, despite its major role in knee osteoarthritis (OA), often neglected in OA animal models. We evaluated structural meniscal degeneration during the course of OA in the murine collagenase-induced OA (CIOA) model. To investigate this, OA was induced in the knee joints of 33 male C57BL/6 mice by an intra-articular injection of 10U collagenase. The mice were sacrificed after 1, 3, 7, 14, 28, and 56 days, and the knees were harvested and processed for histological analysis. As control, 6 knees were obtained from 16-week-old mice in which no OA was induced...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622245/editorial-commentary-we-know-we-need-to-fix-knee-meniscal-radial-root-tears-but-how-best-to-perform-the-repairs
#15
EDITORIAL
Robert F LaPrade
The present work further contributes to building the base of the research pyramid by noting the importance of repairing knee meniscal radial root tears. Because of the extensive biomechanical studies that have now been published on the restoration of joint mechanics and with what I believe results in a higher likelihood of an improved healing environment with securing the meniscus root tear down to bone, I would strongly recommend that when one does see a meniscus root tear that the transtibial pullout root repair technique be considered over a side-to-side repair...
April 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622016/detection-of-calcium-pyrophosphate-dihydrate-crystals-in-knee-meniscus-by-dual-energy-computed-tomography
#16
Hidenori Tanikawa, Ryo Ogawa, Kazunari Okuma, Kengo Harato, Yasuo Niki, Shu Kobayashi, Takeo Nagura
BACKGROUND: Calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate (CPPD) crystals are commonly observed in osteoarthritic joints. The aim of our study was to investigate the efficacy of a dual-energy computed tomography (DECT) for detecting CPPD crystals in knee meniscus. METHODS: Twenty-six patients undergoing primary total knee arthroplasty were included in the study. Radiographs of knee joint and synovial fluid specimens were analyzed for the presence of CPPD crystals. Meniscus extracted during surgery was scanned using DECT...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619124/the-value-of-phenotypes-in-knee-osteoarthritis-research
#17
REVIEW
Fred R T Nelson
Background: Over the past decade, phenotypes have been used to help categorize knee osteoarthritis patients relative to being subject to disease, disease progression, and treatment response. A review of potential phenotype selection is now appropriate. The appeal of using phenotypes is that they most rely on simple physical examination, clinically routine imaging, and demographics. The purpose of this review is to describe the panoply of phenotypes that can be potentially used in osteoarthritis research...
2018: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614621/three-dimensional-finite-element-analysis-of-the-influence-of-posterior-tibial-slope-on-the-anterior-cruciate-ligament-and-knee-joint-forward-stability
#18
Yong Qi, Hongtao Sun, Yueguang Fan, Feimeng Li, Yunting Wang, Chana Ge
OBJECTIVE: To explore the biomechanical influence of posterior tibial angle on the anterior cruciate ligament and knee joint forward stability. METHODS: The left knee joint of a healthy volunteer was scanned by CT and MRI. The data were imported into Mimics software to obtain 3D models of bone, cartilage, meniscus and ligament structures, and then Geomagic software was used to modify of the image. The relative displacement between tibia and femur and the stress of ACL were recorded...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607459/the-role-of-meniscal-repair-for-prevention-of-early-onset-of-osteoarthritis
#19
REVIEW
Johannes Weber, Matthias Koch, Peter Angele, Johannes Zellner
BACKGROUND: The meniscus plays an important role in the integrity of the knee joint. Therefore, meniscus tissue preserving techniques for the therapy of meniscus injuries seem to be reasonable. One of the important questions is whether meniscal repair can prevent the knee joint from early onset of osteoarthritis. METHODS: According to the review of the current literature, the principles of a successful meniscal repair are explained and the functional outcome and its impact on the prevention of osteoarthritis are analyzed in this article...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605083/hydraulic-permeability-of-meniscus-fibrocartilage-measured-via-direct-permeation-effects-of-tissue-anisotropy-water-volume-content-and-compressive-strain
#20
Kelsey L Kleinhans, Alicia R Jackson
Hydraulic permeability is an important material property of cartilaginous tissues, governing the rate of fluid flow, which is crucial to tissue biomechanics and cellular nutrition. The effects of strain, anisotropy, and region on the hydraulic permeability in meniscus tissue have not been fully elucidated. Using a one-dimensional direct permeation test, we measured the hydraulic permeability within statically compressed porcine meniscus specimens, prepared such that the explants were in either the axial or circumferential direction of either the central or horn (axial direction only) region of the medial and lateral menisci...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Biomechanics
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