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Knee meniscus

Kwang Il Lee, Merissa Olmer, Jihye Baek, Darryl D D'Lima, Martin K Lotz
The aim of this study was to examine the potential of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-coated decellularized meniscus scaffold in mediating integrative healing of meniscus tears by inducing endogenous cell migration. Fresh bovine meniscus was chemically decellularized and covalently conjugated with heparin and PDGF-BB. In vitro PDGF release kinetics was measured. The scaffold was transplanted into experimental tears in avascular bovine meniscus explants and cultured for 2 and 4 weeks. The number migrating and proliferating cells at the borderline between the scaffold and injured explant and PDGF receptor-β (PDGFR β) expressing cells were counted...
June 13, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
Lokesh Karthik Narayanan, Trevor L Thompson, Rohan A Shirwaiker, Binil Starly
Biofabrication processes can affect biological quality attributes of encapsulated cells within constructs. Currently, assessment of the fabricated constructs is performed offline by subjecting the constructs to destructive assays that require staining and sectioning. This drawback limits the translation of biofabrication processes to industrial practice. In this work, we investigate the dielectric response of viable cells encapsulated in bioprinted 3D hydrogel constructs to an applied alternating electric field as a label-free non-destructive monitoring approach...
June 14, 2018: Biofabrication
İlker Ilhanli, Necip Güder, Alptekin Tosun, Esin Avci, Canan Çelik
Objectives: This study aims to assess the validity and reproducibility of computer-assisted joint space area measurement in knee roentgenograms of patients with knee osteoarthritis and compare it with a qualitative method in knee roentgenograms and quantitative and semi-quantitative methods in magnetic resonance imaging. Patients and methods: The study included 40 knees of 40 patients diagnosed as osteoarthritis (14 males, 26 females; mean age 57.4±5.9 years; range 47 to 67 years)...
December 2017: Archives of Rheumatology
Mingxue Chen, Weimin Guo, Shuang Gao, Chunxiang Hao, Shi Shen, ZengZeng Zhang, Zehao Wang, Xu Li, Xiaoguang Jing, Xueliang Zhang, Zhiguo Yuan, Mingjie Wang, Yu Zhang, Jiang Peng, Aiyuan Wang, Yu Wang, Sui Xiang, Shuyun Liu, Quanyi Guo
Meniscus injuries are very common in the knee joint. Treating a damaged meniscus continues to be a scientific challenge in sport medicine because of its poor self-healing potential and few clinical therapeutic options. Tissue engineering strategies are very promising solutions for repairing and regenerating a damaged meniscus. Meniscus is exposed to a complex biomechanical microenvironment, and it plays a crucial role in meniscal development, growth, and repairing. Over the past decades, increasing attention has been focused on the use of biomechanical stimulus to enhance biomechanical properties of the engineered meniscus...
June 13, 2018: Tissue Engineering. Part B, Reviews
Samuel R H Steiner, Scott M Feeley, Jeffrey R Ruland, David R Diduch
The lateral meniscus is vital in dissipating the force in the lateral compartment of the knee. A complete radial tear of the meniscus can lead to extrusion, rendering it nonfunctional and resulting in deleterious arthritic changes to the lateral compartment. Arthroscopic repair of a complete radial tear of the lateral meniscus poses a challenge to orthopaedic surgeons. Although some would advocate for meniscectomy, we present a technique for an outside-in repair using 3 sutures and standard arthroscopic portals...
March 2018: Arthroscopy Techniques
Masahiko Kemmochi, Shigeru Sasaki, Masako Takahashi, Tomitaka Nishimura, Chisa Aizawa, Jun Kikuchi
Introduction: Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) is the only autologous blood product that releases growth factors and has scaffolding properties. We hypothesized that the use of PRF and Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) would improve operative results, including the recovery of function and repaired meniscus. Materials and Methods: Seventeen patients underwent arthroscopic meniscus repair with PRF and PRP (PRF group) using our novel device for the injection of the PRF into the joint...
June 2018: Journal of Orthopaedics
Koji Murakami, Yuji Arai, Kazuya Ikoma, Kammei Kato, Hiroaki Inoue, Shuji Nakagawa, Yuta Fujii, Keiichiro Ueshima, Hiroyoshi Fujiwara, Toshikazu Kubo
The aim of this study was to perform quantitative evaluation of degeneration of joint cartilage using T2 mapping in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) after arthroscopic partial resection of the lateral meniscus.The subjects were 21 patients (23 knees) treated with arthroscopic partial resection of the lateral meniscus. MRI was performed for all knees before surgery and 6 months after surgery to evaluate the center of the lateral condyle of the femur in sagittal images for T2 mapping. Ten regions of interest (ROIs) on the articular cartilage were established at 10-degree intervals, from the point at which the femur shaft crossed the lateral femoral condyle joint to the articular cartilage 90° relative to the femur shaft...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Maylin Almonte-Becerril, Irene Gimeno-LLuch, Olga Villarroya, María Benito-Jardón, Juan Bautista Kouri, Mercedes Costell
The balance between synthesis and degradation of the cartilage extracellular matrix is severely altered in osteoarthritis, where degradation predominates. One reason for this imbalance is believed to be due to the ligation of the α5β1 integrin, the classic fibronectin (FN) receptor, with soluble FN fragments instead of insoluble FN fibrils, which induces matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) expression. Our objective was to determine whether the lack of α5β1-FN binding influences cartilage morphogenesis in vivo and whether non-ligated α5β1 protects or aggravates the course of osteoarthritis in mice...
2018: PloS One
Maurice Balke, Ralph Akoto, Christoph Offerhaus, Juergen Hoeher
The biomechanical consequences of a tear of the posterior root of the medial meniscus are comparable to that of a complete meniscectomy. The integrity of the meniscal roots is crucial to enable the important function of load sharing and shock absorption. An untreated root tear leads to extrusion and loss of function of the meniscus causing early degenerative arthritis of the respective knee compartment. Meniscal root repair can be achieved by 2 main techniques: indirect fixation using pullout sutures through a transtibial tunnel with extracortical fixation and direct fixation using suture anchors...
May 2018: Arthroscopy Techniques
Sachin Ramchandra Tapasvi, Anshu Shekhar, Shantanu Sudhakar Patil
Medial meniscus posterior root tears are common injuries, especially in the Asian world. This injury must be repaired where indicated to restore knee biomechanics and prevent arthritis. Suturing the meniscus using suture tapes provides good hold of the tissue. The use of a 70° arthroscope and creation of a transseptal portal improve visualization of the posterior compartment. Creation of a high posteromedial portal achieves the correct trajectory for the suture anchor insertion. A knotless suture anchor can be used to fix the posterior root at its anatomic attachment site...
May 2018: Arthroscopy Techniques
Mark A Anderson, F Joseph Simeone, William E Palmer, Connie Y Chang
OBJECTIVE: To correlate MRI findings of patients with posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) injury and surgical management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective search yielded 79 acute PCL injuries (36 ± 16 years old, 21 F, 58 M). Two independent readers graded PCL tear location (proximal, middle, or distal third) and severity (low-grade or high-grade partial/complete) and evaluated injury of other knee structures. When available, operative reports were examined and the performed surgical procedure was compared with injury grade, location, and presence of associated injuries...
June 1, 2018: Skeletal Radiology
Mehmet Yucens, Ahmet Nadir Aydemir
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury is known to be one of the most common knee joint injuries. ACL reconstruction can be similar to the native ACL in respect of graft morphology, tension, position, and orientation. ACL reconstruction can be applied with different surgery techniques, graft and fixation devices, and rehabilitation as ACL reconstruction is just as important as surgery. Although commonly known as a sports injury, ACL injuries are increasingly seen in the general population. The aim of this study was to investigate the trends in ACL injury treatment in the last decade especially the graft choice...
May 31, 2018: Journal of Knee Surgery
Muneaki Ishijima, Haruka Kaneko, Yasunori Okada, Kazuo Kaneko
Osteoarthritis(OA)of the knee is a joint disease that is primarily affected by articular cartilage and also affected by subchondral bone and meniscus, leading to walking pain and impairing moving ability and as a result, disability. Knee OA is diagnosed by plain radiograph, however, it is not sensitive enough to detect the association between the pathophysiology and symptom of the disease. Treatment target of knee OA is to improve symptom, mainly pain. A conservative treatment is the principle of knee OA treatment, in which the combination of non-pharmacological and pharmacological treatment is primarily recommended...
2018: Clinical Calcium
Nicholas N DePhillipo, Gilbert Moatshe, Alex Brady, Jorge Chahla, Zachary S Aman, Grant J Dornan, Gilberto Y Nakama, Lars Engebretsen, Robert F LaPrade
BACKGROUND: Ramp lesions were initially defined as a tear of the peripheral attachment of the posterior horn of the medial meniscus at the meniscocapsular junction. The separate biomechanical roles of the meniscocapsular and meniscotibial attachments of the posterior medial meniscus have not been fully delineated. PURPOSE: To evaluate the biomechanical effects of meniscocapsular and meniscotibial lesions of the posterior medial meniscus in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)-deficient and ACL-reconstructed knees and the effect of repair of ramp lesions...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Jay M Patel, Andrzej Brzezinski, Deep A Raole, Michael G Dunn, Charles J Gatt
BACKGROUND: Meniscal lesions represent one of the most common intra-articular knee injuries. Meniscus replacement devices are needed to restore load distribution and knee stability after meniscectomy. Fixation of these devices is crucial to the generation of hoop stresses and the distribution of loads in the joint. PURPOSE: To evaluate 2 different fixation techniques (suture endobutton and interference screw) for implantation of a novel meniscus device. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Timothy K Mwangi, Ian Berke, Eduardo H Nieves, Richard D Bell, Samuel B Adams, Lori A Setton
OBJECTIVE: Determine the effects of arthritis on the trans-synovial clearance of small and large model compounds following local delivery to the knee joint in a rat model. DESIGN: Intra-articular delivery was studied in rat knee joints in an osteoarthritis model of knee joint instability (medial collateral ligament and meniscus transection model or MMT). Fluorescently-labeled 10 kDa or 500 kDa dextran was injected in the arthritic or unoperated control (naive) joints 3 weeks after surgical destabilization, and the temporal clearance pattern was evaluated via in vivo regional fluorescence imaging, dextran concentrations in plasma and draining lymph nodes, and by quantification of fluorescence in histological synovium sections...
May 26, 2018: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Jiangyu Cai, Wenhe Jin, Dandan Sheng, Shiyi Chen
Objective: To make further exploration of the structure characteristics of anterolateral ligament (ALL) and provide clinical reference for diagnosis and treatment of ALL injury, especially for ALL reconstruction through anatomical study of ALL in a Chinese population. Methods: Sixteen cadaveric knees, including 8 left knees and 8 right knees with sex ratio of 1∶1 and a mean age of 73.5 years (range, 57-84 years), were dissected to reveal the ALL through a standard approach...
December 1, 2017: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
Tian You, Lu Bai, Xintao Zhang, Wei Li, Changqing Jiang, Wentao Zhang
Objective: To study the short-term effectiveness of absorbable anchor in repairing of partial anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture. Methods: Between December 2013 and February 2015, 22 patients with partial ACL rupture were repaired with absorbable anchor under arthroscopy. There were 12 males and 10 females with an average age of 27.5 years (range, 20-44 years). The injury located at left knee in 8 cases and at right knee in 14 cases. The time from injury to admission ranged from 2 to 13 days (mean, 9...
October 1, 2017: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
Kevin R Stone
The C-shaped meniscus cartilages normally insert into bone around the tibial spines of the knee. As the knee joint rotates and flexes, circumferential hoop stresses are generated within the tissue, resisted by the collagen fibers that define both the insertion points and the ultrastructure of the meniscus tissue itself. For a transplanted meniscus to work normally, the biomechanical interface of the collagen fibers to the bone must be recreated.
June 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Jong-Min Kim, Bum-Sik Lee, Seong-Il Bin
Meniscal allograft transplantation (MAT) is an established treatment for a symptomatic, meniscus-deficient knee. It is well known that MAT is effective in patients with good cartilage even in the early era of this procedure. The role of MAT in arthritic knees is getting more and more clear with increasing evidence over the last decade. Now we are able to expand our surgical indication to arthritic patients and provide them with individualized explanation for outcome and survival.
June 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
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