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Headaches AND children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349882/short-communication-persistent-socio-economic-inequality-in-frequent-headache-among-danish-adolescents-from-1991-to-2014
#1
B E Holstein, A Andersen, A M Denbaek, A Johansen, S I Michelsen, P Due
BACKGROUND: The association between socio-economic status (SES) and headache among adolescents is an understudied issue, and no study has examined whether such an association changes over time. The aim was to examine trends in socio-economic inequality in frequent headache among 11- to 15-year-olds in Denmark from 1991 to 2014, using occupational social class (OSC) as indicator of SES. METHODS: The study applies data from the Danish part of the international Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study...
January 19, 2018: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344823/long-term-visual-outcomes-of-craniopharyngioma-in-children
#2
Michael J Wan, Michal Zapotocky, Eric Bouffet, Ute Bartels, Abhaya V Kulkarni, James M Drake
Visual function is a critical factor in the diagnosis, monitoring, and prognosis of craniopharyngiomas in children. The aim of this study was to report the long-term visual outcomes in a cohort of pediatric patients with craniopharyngioma. The study design is a retrospective chart review of craniopharyngioma patients from a single tertiary-care pediatric hospital. 59 patients were included in the study. Mean age at presentation was 9.4 years old (range 0.7-18.0 years old). The most common presenting features were headache (76%), nausea/vomiting (32%), and vision loss (31%)...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340791/treatment-of-disabling-headache-with-greater-occipital-nerve-injections-in-a-large-population-of-childhood-and-adolescent-patients-a-service-evaluation
#3
Francesca Puledda, Peter J Goadsby, Prab Prabhakar
BACKGROUND: Pediatric headache disorders can be extremely disabling, with marked reduction in the quality of life of children and their carers. Evidenced-based options for the treatment of primary headache disorders with preventive medication is limited and clinical outcomes are often unsatisfactory. Greater occipital nerve injections represent a rapid and well-tolerated therapeutic option, which is widely used in clinical practice in adults, and has previously shown a good outcome in a pediatric population...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338905/posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-a-rare-childhood-case-with-unconsciousness
#4
Akira Komori, Daisuke Mizu, Koichi Ariyoshi
BACKGROUND: Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a condition characterized by seizures, altered consciousness, visual disturbances, and headache. Characteristic findings on neuroimaging include cerebral edema, typically involving the parieto-occipital white matter. PRES has been associated with hypertension, autoimmune disease, and Henoch-Schölein purpura (HSP), but few cases have been reported, and fewer cases of PRES have been reported in children. CASE REPORT: We report the case of a 4-year-old girl who presented with blindness and semi-consciousness...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335001/different-clinical-presentation-and-management-of-temporal-bone-fibrous-dysplasia-in-children
#5
REVIEW
Józef Mierzwiński, Justyna Kosowska, Justyna Tyra, Karolina Haber, Maria Drela, Dariusz Paczkowski, Paweł Burduk
BACKGROUND: Fibrous dysplasia is a slowly progressive benign fibro-osseous disorder that involves one or multiple bones with a unilateral distribution in most cases. It is a lesion of unknown etiology, uncertain pathogenesis, and diverse histopathology. Temporal bone involvement is the least frequently reported type, especially in children. We reviewed available articles regarding fibrous dysplasia with temporal bone involvement in children and added four patients aged 7 to 17 years who were diagnosed and treated in our institution from 2006 to 2017...
January 15, 2018: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334854/the-association-between-premorbid-conditions-in-school-aged-children-with-prolonged-concussion-recovery
#6
Réjean M Guerriero, Karameh Kuemmerle, Michael J Pepin, Alex M Taylor, Robert Wolff, William P Meehan
The association between preexisting anxiety, depression, and/or neurodevelopmental disorders and symptom duration among younger children who sustain concussions is not well known. The authors conducted a prospective cohort study of 569 patients presenting to a pediatric neurology clinic with the diagnosis of concussion. The authors measured associations between symptom duration and premorbid conditions, as well as gender, age, mechanism of injury, and other factors. Premorbid conditions were common in both age groups...
February 2018: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313492/rufinamide-for-the-treatment-of-lennox-gastaut-syndrome-evidence-from-clinical-trials-and-clinical-practice
#7
Pasquale Striano, Rob McMurray, Estevo Santamarina, Mercè Falip
Rufinamide was granted orphan drug status in 2004 for the adjunctive treatment of seizures associated with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome in patients aged ≥4 years, and was subsequently approved for this indication in several countries, including Europe and the United States. Structurally unrelated to other antiepileptic drugs, rufinamide is thought to act primarily by prolonging the inactivation phase of voltage-gated sodium channels. Rufinamide was approved on the basis of an international, randomised, placebo-controlled Phase III trial, conducted in 138 patients with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome, which demonstrated its favourable tolerability profile and efficacy in significantly reducing the frequency of drop attacks and total seizures, compared with placebo...
January 9, 2018: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305684/an-extraaxially-localized-intrasellar-giant-hydatid-cyst-with-hypophyseal-insufficiency
#8
Gökhan Çavuş, Vedat Açik, Yeliz Çavuş, Emre Bilgin, Yurdal Gezercan, Ali Ihsan Ökten
PURPOSE: A hydatid cyst is a parasitic illness that is caused by the larvae of Echinococcus granulosus. Hydatid cysts occur in the liver in 75% and in the lungs in 15% of cases. Central nervous system involvement is rare (perhaps as low as 1%), and the majority of such cases are observed in children. Headache and vomiting are the most frequently observed symptoms. In patients diagnosed with a hydatid cyst, imaging methods and serologic tests are very important for identifying cranial involvement...
January 5, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303459/multimodal-treatment-approach-in-a-patient-with-multiple-intracranial-myxomatous-aneurysms
#9
David L Penn, Arianna B Lanpher, Jennifer M Klein, Harry P W Kozakewich, Kristopher T Kahle, Edward R Smith, Darren B Orbach
The most common primary cardiac tumor is myxoma, typically originating in the left atrium. Emboli to the central nervous system can cause cerebral infarction or, rarely, seed tumor growth within vessel walls, causing myxomatous aneurysms. Fewer than 60 myxomatous aneurysms have been reported, including 2 cases in children. Here, the authors describe 2 different growing myxomatous aneurysms in a child successfully managed using a combined multidisciplinary approach. A 12-year-old boy developed a sudden headache, diplopia, gait instability, and speech difficulty...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298248/red-flags-in-torticollis-a-historical-cohort-study
#10
Meta Starc, Stefania Norbedo, Martina Tubaro, Luca Ronfani, Giulia Bassanese, Egidio Barbi
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the spectrum of pathologies responsible for torticollis in children presenting to the emergency department and to evaluate the associated symptoms to determine clinical red flags for hospitalization. METHODS: This was a historical retrospective cohort study. Medical records of children evaluated in our emergency department for torticollis from 2008 to 2013 were reviewed. RESULTS: Among 392 identified patients, 61% had postural torticollis,19...
January 2, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287070/a-diagnostic-and-epidemiologic-investigation-of-acute-febrile-illness-afi-in-kilombero-tanzania
#11
Christine Hercik, Leonard Cosmas, Ondari D Mogeni, Newton Wamola, Wanze Kohi, Victor Omballa, Melvin Ochieng, Shirley Lidechi, Juma Bonventure, Caroline Ochieng, Clayton Onyango, Barry S Fields, Sayoki Mfinanga, Joel M Montgomery
INTRODUCTION: In low-resource settings, empiric case management of febrile illness is routine as a result of limited access to laboratory diagnostics. The use of comprehensive fever syndromic surveillance, with enhanced clinical microbiology, advanced diagnostics and more robust epidemiologic investigation, could enable healthcare providers to offer a differential diagnosis of fever syndrome and more appropriate care and treatment. METHODS: We conducted a year-long exploratory study of fever syndrome among patients ≥ 1 year if age, presenting to clinical settings with an axillary temperature of ≥37...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285571/experts-opinion-about-the-pediatric-secondary-headaches-diagnostic-criteria-of-the-ichd-3-beta
#12
Aynur Özge, Ishaq Abu-Arafeh, Amy A Gelfand, Peter James Goadsby, Jean Christophe Cuvellier, Massimiliano Valeriani, Alexey Sergeev, Karen Barlow, Derya Uludüz, Osman Özgür Yalın, Noemi Faedda, Richard B Lipton, Alan Rapoport, Vincenzo Guidetti
BACKGROUND: The 2013 International Classification of Headache Disorders-3 was published in a beta version to allow clinicians to confirm the validity of the criteria or suggest improvements based on field studies. The aim of this work was to review the Secondary Headache Disorders and Cranial Neuralgias and Other Headache Disorders sections of ICHD-3 beta data on children and adolescents (age 0-18 years) and to suggest changes, additions, and amendments. METHODS: Several experts in childhood headache across the world applied different aspects of ICHD-3 beta in their normal clinical practice...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285570/experts-opinion-about-the-primary-headache-diagnostic-criteria-of-the-ichd-3rd-edition-beta-in-children-and-adolescents
#13
REVIEW
Aynur Özge, Noemi Faedda, Ishaq Abu-Arafeh, Amy A Gelfand, Peter James Goadsby, Jean Christophe Cuvellier, Massimiliano Valeriani, Alexey Sergeev, Karen Barlow, Derya Uludüz, Osman Özgür Yalın, Richard B Lipton, Alan Rapoport, Vincenzo Guidetti
BACKGROUND: The 2013 International Classification of Headache Disorders-3 (ICHD-3) was published in a beta version to allow the clinicians to confirm the validity of the criteria or to suggest improvements based on field studies. The aim of this work was to review the Primary Headache Disorders Section of ICHD-3 beta data on children and adolescents (age 0-18 years), and to suggest changes, additions, and amendments. METHODS: Several experts in childhood headache across the world applied different aspects of ICHD-3 beta in their normal clinical practice...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285473/mother-s-work-status-on-children-s-bruxism-in-a-subset-of-saudi-population
#14
Rana Alouda, Maram Alshehri, Shoog Alnaghmoosh, Maryam Shafique, May Wathiq Al-Khudhairy
Aims and Objectives: The aims and objectives of this study were to determine if an association exists between mothers work status and her children's incidence of bruxism and habits related to bruxism. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted through data collection of a questionnaire answered by 561 mothers' about their working status and their child's habits and behaviors. The survey consisted of 5 parts with a total of 34 questions: mother's information, child's behavior, child's sleeping pattern, mother's knowledge about bruxism, and child's medical history...
November 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284143/long-term-safety-of-short-term-administration-of-filgrastim-rhg-csf-and-leukophresis-procedure-in-healthy-children-application-of-peripheral-blood-stem-cell-collection-in-pediatric-donors
#15
Maryam Behfar, Sara Faghihi-Kashani, Ashraf Sadat Hosseini, Ardeshir Ghavamzadeh, Amir Ali Hamidieh
INTRODUCTION: Administration of Filgrastim (rhG-CSF) (Neupogen®) in healthy donors to mobilize hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) is a widespread practice in adults. Application of peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) collection in normal pediatric donors is scarce due to ethical issues. Hence, there are insufficient data on the long-term impact of PBSC procedure in healthy children. This retrospective study aimed to evaluate the early and late adverse effects of PBSC donation in pediatric donors...
December 25, 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275494/differences-in-pediatric-headache-prescription-patterns-by-diagnosis
#16
Jonathan Rabner, Allison Ludwick, Alyssa LeBel
BACKGROUND: Few studies have reported prescription patterns for headache medication. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to present the rates of specific medication prescribed to pediatric patients diagnosed with migraine, tension-type headache (TTH), and new daily persistent headache (NDPH), as well as differences in those prescription patterns by diagnosis, age, and gender. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A query using the i2b2 platform yielded 14,591 patients [migraine 10,547 (72...
December 23, 2017: Paediatric Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250761/medical-treatment-guidelines-for-acute-migraine-attacks
#17
Yung-Chu Hsu, Kao-Chang Lin, Treatment Guideline Subcommittee Of Taiwan Headache Society Taiwan Headache Society
In 2015, the American Headache Society (AHS) amended the treatment guideline of acute migraine based on evidence-based medicine (EBM) that all triptans in any form of preparations, acetaminophen, and non-steroid anti-inflammation drugs-NSAID (aspirin, diclofenac, ibuprofen, naproxen), sumatriptan/naproxen, combined acetaminophen/aspirin/caffeine are considered effective (Level A). Previously effective drugs as prochlorperazine, and dihydroergotamine-DHE (excluded inhaled form) were downrated to probable effective (Level B)...
June 15, 2017: Acta Neurologica Taiwanica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249511/pediatric-headache-and-seizures
#18
Christopher B Oakley, Eric H Kossoff
Headache and seizures are two of the most common complaints seen in the field of pediatric neurology with headache being number one. Both these conditions may coexist. Where the difficulty begins is when the symptoms are not clear cut in making a diagnosis, and conditions are possible as either an atypical seizure or migraine variant. What further complicates matters is the fact that there are many underlying neurologic conditions that carry with them a higher likelihood of developing both headaches and seizures, making each a distinct possibility when obtaining a history from a parent about unusual spells...
November 2017: Seminars in Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249075/the-characteristics-of-transcranial-color-coded-duplex-sonography-in-children-with-cerebral-arteriovenous-malformation-presenting-with-headache
#19
Vlasta Duranovic, Katarina Vulin, Ivana Dakovic, Jasna Lenicek Krleza, Sanja Delin, Ivana Galinovic, Josip Marjanovic, Ana Tripalo Batos, Zdenka Plesa Premilovac, Vlatka Mejaski Bosnjak
PURPOSE: Cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVM) are uncommon lesions. They are most often presented in childhood as intracranial hemorrhage. The aim of this report is to present the use of transcranial color-coded duplex sonography (TCCS) in detection of AVMs in children suffering headache. METHODS: This report describes five pediatric patients with headache and cerebral AVM which were initially discovered by TCCS. Diagnosis was confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging and digital subtraction angiography...
December 16, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246099/younger-age-of-migraine-onset-in-children-than-their-parents-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#20
Tal Eidlitz-Markus, Avraham Zeharia
Migraine is known to run in families and has long been considered a strongly heritable disorder. We sought to investigate the age of onset of migraine between successive generations. Our retrospective cohort included 102 children with migraine who were referred to a pediatric headache clinic and their affected parent(s). Age at migraine onset was significantly lower in the children with a history of maternal or paternal migraine than in their mothers or fathers ( P < .001). In conclusion, data on parental history of migraine showed that children with migraine were significantly younger at first appearance of the disease than their affected parents...
January 2018: Journal of Child Neurology
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