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Headaches AND children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545899/multiple-brain-abscesses-due-to-enterobacter-cloacae-in-an-immune-competent-child
#1
Arushi Gahlot Saini, Vinay Rathore, Chirag Kumar Ahuja, Rajesh Chhabra, Pankaj C Vaidya, Pratibha Singhi
Brain abscesses due to Enterobacteriaceae in immune-competent children are rare, and those due to Enterobacter cloacae are even rarer. We report an interesting case of community-acquired E. cloacae neuroinfection resulting in multiple brain abscesses in a young child with no underlying risk-factors. A 10 year-old-boy presented with low-grade fever, headache, neck pain and progressive deterioration of sensorium. On examination, he was conscious but drowsy with photophobia, normal fundii, meningeal signs, mild hypertonia, brisk muscle stretch reflexes and extensor plantar responses...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545419/mild-encephalitis-encephalopathy-with-reversible-splenial-lesion-mers-in-adults-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#2
Junliang Yuan, Shuna Yang, Shuangkun Wang, Wei Qin, Lei Yang, Wenli Hu
BACKGROUND: Mild encephalitis/encephalopathy with reversible splenial lesion (MERS) is a rare clinico-radiological entity characterized by the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) finding of a reversible lesion in the corpus callosum, sometimes involved the symmetrical white matters. Many cases of child-onset MERS with various causes have been reported. However, adult-onset MERS is relatively rare. The clinical characteristics and pathophysiologiccal mechanisms of adult-onset MERS are not well understood...
May 25, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543053/sofosbuvir-and-ribavirin-in-adolescents-12-to-17-years-old-with-hepatitis-c-virus-genotype-2-or-3-infection
#3
Stefan Wirth, Philip Rosenthal, Regino P Gonzalez-Peralta, Maureen M Jonas, William F Balistreri, Lin Chuan-Hao, Winita Hardikar, Kathryn Kersey, Benedetta Massetto, Bittoo Kanwar, Diana M Brainard, Jiang Shao, Evguenia Svarovskaia, Brian Kirby, Ronen Arnon, Karen F Murray, Kathleen B Schwarz
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Children with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection have limited treatment options. We evaluated the all-oral combination of sofosbuvir and ribavirin in adolescents aged 12-17 with HCV genotype 2 or 3. METHODS: Fifty-two patients received sofosbuvir 400mg once daily and weight-based ribavirin twice daily for 12 (genotype 2) or 24 (genotype 3) weeks. The pharmacokinetics of sofosbuvir and its metabolite GS-331007 were evaluated by intensive plasma sampling at day 7 in the first 10 patients enrolled, and by sparse sampling in all patients throughout treatment...
May 22, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536973/the-effect-of-maternal-migraine-headache-on-their-children-s-quality-of-life
#4
Belma Doğan Güngen, Yesim Güzey Aras, Sıdıka Sinem Gül, Türkan Acar, Ayşe Burcu Ayaz, Aybala Neslihan Alagöz, Bilgehan Atılgan Acar
Migraine is an episodic disease characterized by a throbbing and generally unilateral headache, often accompanied by nausea, vomiting and light and sound sensitivity. Migraine is known to affect one's quality of life; not only the person with migraine but also his/her family and social environment are affected by this condition. Our study aimed to evaluate the effects of maternal migraine on children's quality of life. The patient group comprised 70 mothers with migraine diagnoses and their 111 healthy children, while 50 healthy mothers and their 86 children were included in this study as the control group...
May 23, 2017: Acta Neurologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536838/outcomes-of-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-insertion-in-the-management-of-idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension-in-children
#5
J Heyman, Ronak Ved, A Amato-Watkins, I Bhatti, J Te Water Naude, F Gibbon, P Leach
PURPOSE: The ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt has become the procedure of choice for treatment of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). We aimed to assess the efficacy of frameless stereotactic placement of VP shunts for the management of medically resistant IIH in children and to assess the role of gender and obesity in the aetiology of the condition. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of the case notes of 10 patients treated surgically at the University Hospital of Wales in Cardiff, from May 2006 to September 2012...
May 23, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535637/-analysis-of-prodromal-phase-and-prodromal-events-in-anti-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-encephalitis
#6
Y Yao, B Peng, X H Wang, F Fang, D Xu, X L Xu, H T Ren, Y C Zhu, L Y Cui, H Z Guan
Objective: To analyze prodromal phase and prodromal events of anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis. Methods: Clinical data of 179 patients hospitalized and diagnosed during 2010-2016 including adults and children in Peking Union Medical College Hospital and Beijing Children's Hospital were collected.Patients with prodromal phase or prodromal events were selected.A retrospective analysis of clinical characteristics including prodromal phase or prodromal events, course of disease, brain imaging, laboratory results and therapeutic effect was performed...
May 23, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532447/clinical-characteristics-of-disseminated-cryptococcosis-in-previously-healthy-children-in-china
#7
Li-Wei Gao, An-Xia Jiao, Xi-Rong Wu, Shun-Ying Zhao, Yun Ma, Gang Liu, Ju Yin, Bao-Ping Xu, Kun-Ling Shen
BACKGROUND: Disseminated cryptococcosis is a rare and fatal disease, and limited data exist regarding it in children. This study aimed to investigate the clinical characteristics of disseminated cryptococcosis in previously healthy children in China. METHODS: Hospitalized patients with disseminated cryptococcosis were enrolled during January 1996 to December 2015 in Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University, China. Data on clinical manifestations, laboratory tests, treatment, and prognosis were evaluated...
May 22, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527268/-seroprevalence-and-risk-factors-of-cysticercosis-in-two-rural-communities-in-anzo%C3%A3-tegui-state-venezuela
#8
Manuel Toquero, Antonio Morocoima, Elizabeth Ferrer
INTRODUCTION: Cysticercosis is caused by Taenia solium cysticerci, which are located mainly in the central nervous system causing neurocysticercosis. In Venezuela, few epidemiological studies on this disease have been conducted. OBJECTIVE: To determine the seroprevalence and risk factors for cysticercosis in two rural communities in Anzoátegui state. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted a survey to collect data on possible risk factors and signs and symptoms of the disease, and we took 182 samples in two communities, Boquerón and Punto Lindo...
April 1, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527085/the-use-of-nutraceutics-in-children-s-and-adolescent-s-headache
#9
R Sangermani, A Boncimino
Nutraceutics are the most used non-pharmacological remedies for migraine's prophylaxis in children and adolescents. Doctors interested in use of nutraceuticals for a complete treatment of children's headache should be adequately informed on this treatments' efficacy and safety. Actually there is a lack of official guidelines about use of nutraceuticals in migraine's prevention in children and adolescent and there are few studies with limited efficacy evidences. The most used nutraceuticals for adolescent's and children's headache prophylaxis are: magnesium, coenzyme Q10, riboflavin, butterbur, feverfew and melatonin...
May 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527072/from-0%C3%A2-to-18%C3%A2-how-headache-changes-over-time
#10
Vincenzo Guidetti, Noemi Faedda
Recognize the presence of headache at early age is essential to prevent that the disorder interferes with physical, psychological and social functioning. However, there are several differences between adults and children in the clinical manifestation of headache such as quality and severity of pain, trigger, associated symptoms, gender, duration of attacks, number of daytime attacks, comorbidities and red flags of secondary headache. These differences can make the diagnosis more complex in early ages than in adults, so it is essential to know how headache changes over time to identify its presence in the earliest phases of childhood...
May 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514243/celiac-disease-symptom-resolution-effectiveness-of-the-gluten-free-diet
#11
Naire Sansotta, Stefano Guandalini, Karine Amirikian, Hilary Jericho
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of the gluten free diet (GFD) on gastrointestinal and extra-intestinal symptom resolution and identify predictors for persistence of symptoms in all celiac patients at the University of Chicago. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review from 2002 to 2015. Gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms included: abdominal pain, bloating, constipation, diarrhea, failure to thrive/weight loss, nausea, reflux and vomiting. Extra-intestinal (EI) symptoms included: abnormal liver enzymes, arthralgia/arthritis, dermatitis herpetiformis, alopecia, fatigue, headache, anemia, stomatitis, myalgia, psychiatric disorders, rashes, seizures, neuropathy, short stature, delayed puberty, osteoporosis, and infertility...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511713/artemisinin-based-combination-therapy-in-pregnant-women-in-zambia-efficacy-safety-and-risk-of-recurrent-malaria
#12
Michael Nambozi, Jean-Bertin Bukasa Kabuya, Sebastian Hachizovu, David Mwakazanga, Joyce Mulenga, Webster Kasongo, Jozefien Buyze, Modest Mulenga, Jean-Pierre Van Geertruyden, Umberto D'Alessandro
BACKGROUND: In Zambia, malaria is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality, especially among under five children and pregnant women. For the latter, the World Health Organization recommends the use of artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) in the second and third trimester of pregnancy. In a context of limited information on ACT, the safety and efficacy of three combinations, namely artemether-lumefantrine (AL), mefloquine-artesunate (MQAS) and dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine (DHAPQ) were assessed in pregnant women with malaria...
May 16, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511647/low-smoke-chulha-in-indian-slums-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
Megha Thakur, Esther A Boudewijns, Giridhara R Babu, Bjorn Winkens, Luc P de Witte, Jeroen Gruiskens, Preeti Sushama, Cristian T Ghergu, Onno C P van Schayck
BACKGROUND: Biomass fuel is used as a primary cooking source by more than half of the world's population, contributing to a high burden of disease. Although cleaner fuels are available, some households continue using solid fuels because of financial constraints and absence of infrastructure, especially in non-notified slums. The present study documents a randomised controlled study investigating the efficacy of improved cookstove on the personal exposure to air pollution and the respiratory health of women and children in an Indian slum...
May 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507424/migraine-celiac-disease-and-intestinal-microbiota
#14
COMMENT
Hakim Rahmoune, Nada Boutrid
Investigators from four European tertiary care hospitals (in Paris, France; Milan, Udine and Perugia, Italy) performed a case-control study of children and adolescents aged 6 to 17 years diagnosed with primary headaches in the emergency department by a pediatric neurologist using the validated ICHD-3 criteria.
February 2017: Pediatric neurology briefs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505233/addition-of-droperidol-to-prophylactic-ondansetron-and-dexamethasone-in-children-at-high-risk-for-postoperative-vomiting-a-randomized-controlled-double-blind-study
#15
N Bourdaud, C François, O Jacqmarcq, M-L Guye, J Jean, C Studer, C Engrand-Donal, J-M Devys, F Boutin, E Guyot, N Bouazza, J-M Treluyer, G A Orliaguet
Background: : The combination of dexamethasone (DEX), ondansetron (OND) and droperidol (DRO) is efficacious in preventing postoperative nausea and vomiting in adults, but has not been well assessed in children. Methods: : Children undergoing elective surgery under general anaesthesia and considered at high risk for postoperative vomiting (POV) were randomly assigned to receive a combination of DEX, OND and placebo (Group A) or a combination of DEX, OND and DRO (Group B)...
May 15, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496512/takayasu-s-arteritis-presenting-with-headache-and-peripheral-facial-palsy-a-case-report
#16
Maryam Sotoudeh Anvari, Farzad Masoudkabir, Kyomars Abbasi, Mohammad Ali Boroumand, Manijeh Zarghampour, Hamidreza Goodarzynejad
Takayasu's arteritis (TA) is a rare case of granulomatous arteritis which mainly involves the aorta and its large branches. Although arterial hypertension is the most common feature of the disease in both adults and children, patients with TA may present with numerous clinical manifestations. Our patient was a 45-year-old woman, known to have hypertension from 3 years earlier following assessments made for severe headache. One year after the diagnosis of hypertension, she developed a left-sided lower motor neuron facial palsy, which was treated with oral corticosteroids (Prednisolone)...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Tehran Heart Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488756/cyclic-vomiting-syndrome-in-adults-and-children-a-hypothesis
#17
Sylvain Redon, Cécile Mareau, Eric Guedj, Anne Donnet
OBJECTIVE: To see how patients' clinical descriptions compare to the third classification of International Classification of Headache Disorders (ICHD-III beta). BACKGROUND: CVS is an episodic syndrome associated with migraine. It is a rare disorder of childhood and adulthood. New criteria are proposed in the third classification of International Classification of Headache Disorders. METHODS: This study describes children and adults' CVS characteristics at a French tertiary-care center, according to the ICHD-II and ICHD-III beta criteria...
May 10, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488681/practices-and-views-of-neurologists-regarding-the-use-of-whole-genome-sequencing-in-clinical-settings-a-web-based-survey
#18
Iris Jaitovich Groisman, Thierry Hurlimann, Amir Shoham, Béatrice Godard
The use of Whole-Genome Sequencing (WGS) in clinical settings has brought up a number of controversial scientific and ethical issues. The application of WGS is of particular relevance in neurology, as many conditions are difficult to diagnose. We conducted a worldwide, web-based survey to explore neurologists' views on the benefits of, and concerns regarding, the clinical use of WGS, as well as the resources necessary to implement it. Almost half of the 204 neurologists in the study treated mostly adult patients (48%), while the rest mainly children (37...
May 10, 2017: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488617/do-the-clinicoradiological-outcomes-of-endoscopic-fenestration-for-intracranial-cysts-count-on-age-an-institutional-experience
#19
Shyamal C Bir, Subhas K Konar, Tanmoy K Maiti, Piyush Kalakoti, Papireddy Bollam, Bharat Guthikonda, Anil Nanda
BACKGROUND: The clinicoradiological outcome of endoscopic fenestration of intracranial cysts and predictors of an unfavorable outcome, including age, are under reported in the neurosurgical literature. In this cohort, our experience in the endoscopic fenestration of intracranial cysts is reviewed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty consecutive patients treated with endoscopic fenestration for intracranial cysts were identified and analyzed. The study population in our series was followed clinically and radiographically...
May 2017: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482735/psychometric-properties-of-the-psychosocial-assessment-tool-chronic-pain-version-in-families-of-children-with-headache
#20
Kristine Woods, Sarah Ostrowski-Delahanty
Children with headache disorders are at increased psychosocial risk, and no validated screening measures exist to succinctly assess for risk. This study examined the psychometric properties of the Psychosocial Assessment Tool-Chronic Pain, a previously adapted screening measure of risk, in a retrospective sample of families of children diagnosed with headaches. Participants included 127 children and caregivers presenting for behavioral health evaluation of headache. Children and their primary caregivers completed several psychosocial assessment measures...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Child Neurology
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