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Headaches AND children

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April 2018: Nursing
Matteo Chiappedi, Martina Mensi, Eliana Antonaci, Elena Zavani, Livio Tronconi, Cristiano Termine, Umberto Balottin
There are few literature evidences about the intellectual profile of adolescents with headache and no study has used the fourth edition of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC-IV) in patients with a diagnosis of headache according to the ICHD-III-beta. We recruited 30 patients (age 11-14 years; male:female = 1:2) seen for headache in a tertiary center in Northern Italy and 30 healthy controls matched for age and sex, recruited in a public school from the same geographic area. The diagnosis of headache was done according to the ICHD-III criteria (beta version): the case group was composed of 16 patients with migraine and 14 with tension-type headache...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
Frank Häßler, Steffen Weirich
A Multi-arm Placebo-controlled Study with Glutamic Acid Conducted in Rostock in 1953/1954 Glutamic acid was commonly used in the treatment of intellectually disabled children in the 50s. Koch reported first results of an observation of 140 children treated with glutamic acid in 1952. In this line is the multi-arm placebo-controlled study reported here. The original study protocols were available. 58 children with speech problems who attending a school of special needs received glutamic acid, or vitamin B, or St...
September 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
Lucia Margari, Roberto Palumbi, Paola A Lecce, Francesco Craig, Marta Simone, Mariella Margari, Silvana M C Seccia, Maura Buttiglione
Headache is one of the most common neurological disorders in developmental age. Several studies investigated the relationship between headache and emotional/behavioral problems. We studied non-verbal cognitive abilities, including non-verbal memory and attention skills, in order to evaluate the impact of primary headache on these domains. The latest version of the cognitive battery Leiter International Performance Scale - Third Edition (Leiter-3), a non-verbal test, was administered to 35 children and adolescents affected by migraine or tension-type headache and to 23 healthy subjects...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
J D Santoro, N D Forkert, Q-Z Yang, S Pavitt, S J MacEachern, M E Moseley, K W Yeom
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Tension-type and migraine-type headaches are the most common chronic paroxysmal disorders of childhood. The goal of this study was to compare regional cerebral volumes and diffusion in tension-type and migraine-type headaches against published controls. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients evaluated for tension-type or migraine-type headache without aura from May 2014 to July 2016 in a single center were retrospectively reviewed. Thirty-two patients with tension-type headache and 23 with migraine-type headache at an average of 4 months after diagnosis were enrolled...
March 15, 2018: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
Furkan Diren, Serra Sencer, Tayfun Hakan
Objective: Arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is the most common form of intracranial vascular malformations in adults. Intracranial pediatric AVMs are rare. AVM located in the vicinity of the brain stem in children are even more rare. Case report: This study reports a rare case of acute obstructive hydrocephalus following aqueductal stenosis caused by an unruptured grade IV perimesencephalic arteriovenous malformation. An 11-year-old boy admitted to the hospital with progressive headache, nausea and vomiting throughout a month...
2018: Open Neuroimaging Journal
Kristoffer Vogler, Caroline Gren, Nanette Mol Debes, Maria Miranda
Migraine is common and well-known in the adult population, but also frequent among children. In this review, the latest evidence on how to treat migraine in children is presented. The headache diary in which the episodes of headache are recorded, is an important tool in order to optimize the medical treatment and to avoid identified trigger factors. While the acute treatment of migraine is well-established, preventive medical treatment is not strongly evidence-based and should only be used in selected cases of severe or refractive migraine...
March 5, 2018: Ugeskrift for Laeger
Heidrun Hlodversdottir, Harpa Thorsteinsdottir, Edda Bjork Thordardottir, Urdur Njardvik, Gudrun Petursdottir, Arna Hauksdottir
Background : More than 500 million people worldwide live within exposure range of an active volcano and children are a vulnerable subgroup of such exposed populations. However, studies on the effects of volcanic eruptions on children's health beyond the first year are sparse. Objective : To examine the effect of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull eruption on physical and mental health symptoms among exposed children in 2010 and 2013 and to identify potential predictive factors for symptoms. Method : In a population-based prospective cohort study, data was collected on the adult population ( N  = 1615) exposed to the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull eruption and a non-exposed group ( N  = 697)...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
L Krause, E Mauz
Recurring pain in children and adolescents can have a negative impact on health and well-being. This study investigates recurring headache, abdominal pain, and back pain in children and adolescents in Thuringia. Data is based on a representative sub-sample from the federal state module Thuringia (2010-2012, n = 4096, 3-17 years), carried out in KiGGS wave 1 (first follow-up interview of the "German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Children and Adolescents"). The 3‑month prevalence of recurrent headache, abdominal pain, and back pain is reported according to socio-demographic factors and is compared with the prevalence for the whole of Germany...
March 12, 2018: Der Schmerz
Carlyn Patterson-Gentile, Christina L Szperka
Importance: Migraine is a disabling and prevalent condition that affects the pediatric and adolescent population. This review describes current acute and preventive migraine pharmacologic therapies for the pediatric and adolescent population. Observations: Multiple pharmacotherapies that have been used in the treatment of acute headache and prevention in pediatric migraine are reviewed. There have been recent advances in the management of migraines among pediatric and adolescent patients, including US Food and Drug Administration approval of triptans for acute management in children as young as 6 years, and the first prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled comparative study of preventive pharmacotherapy in pediatric migraine...
March 12, 2018: JAMA Neurology
Fumihiko Nishimura, Young-Su Park, Yasushi Motoyama, Ichiro Nakagawa, Shuichi Yamada, Hiroyuki Nakase
BACKGROUND: Xanthomatous pituitary diseases rarely occur in childhood. We report a rare pediatric case of a xanthogranuloma that developed in the sellar region resulting in visual disturbance that was successfully treated by endoscopic endonasal surgery. CASE DESCRIPTIONS: A 13-year-old boy came to us with a headache and visual disturbance that had occurred 1 month prior. Clinical examination findings showed that he was alert with signs of bitemporal hemianopsia, an endocrinological examination showed partial hypopituitarism, and brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a cystic mass in the sellar turcica compressing the optic apparatus...
March 7, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Mustafa Calik, Mehmet Salih Aktas, Emre Cecen, Ibrahim Etem Piskin, Hamza Ayaydın, Zuhal Ornek, Meryem Karaca, Abdullah Solmaz, Halil Ay
This study aimed to determine the relationship between serum vitamin B12 level and tension-type headache. The study groups consisted of 75 patients (40 females, 35 males) with headache and a control group of 49 healthy children (25 females, 24 males). Serum vitamin B12 level < 200 pg/ml was defined as deficient, and < 160 pg/ml as severely deficient. The serum vitamin B12 level was measured by the electrochemiluminescence (ECLIA) method. The serum vitamin B12 levels in the headache and control groups were 273...
March 8, 2018: Neurological Sciences
R Espert, M Gadea, M Alino, J Oltra-Cucarella, C Perpina
INTRODUCTION: Moyamoya disease (MMD) is an occlusive cerebrovascular disease characterized by progressive stenosis or occlusion in the terminal portion of the bilateral internal carotid arteries, affecting both children and adults. AIM: To conduct a review and update on MMD from a clinical, neuroradiological, neuropsychological and genetic perspective. DEVELOPMENT: In this pathology, which occurs with ischemia or cerebral hemorrhage, an unusual compensatory vascular network (moyamoya vessels) develops at the base of the brain in the form of collateral channels...
March 1, 2018: Revista de Neurologia
Ji Hyeon Lee
This study examined the relationship between victimization by bullying and physical symptoms among South Korean schoolchildren. Data were analyzed from a nationally representative sample of 2006 schoolchildren across South Korea aged 9-17 years. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to estimate the associations between victimization by bullying and physical symptoms in the children. Schoolchildren bullied 4 or more times by peers in the previous year were approximately 3 times more likely to report recurrent stomachache or dizziness and twice as likely to report headache and sleep difficulties than students who were never victimized by peers...
April 2018: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
Kaitlyn E Sahd-Brown, Lisa A Ruth-Sahd
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 5, 2018: Nursing
Cristina Tassorelli, Hans-Christoph Diener, David W Dodick, Stephen D Silberstein, Richard B Lipton, Messoud Ashina, Werner J Becker, Michel D Ferrari, Peter J Goadsby, Patricia Pozo-Rosich, Shuu-Jiun Wang
Background Quality clinical trials form an essential part of the evidence base for the treatment of headache disorders. In 1991, the International Headache Society Clinical Trials Standing Committee developed and published the first edition of the Guidelines for Controlled Trials of Drugs in Migraine. In 2008, the Committee published the first specific guidelines on chronic migraine. Subsequent advances in drug, device, and biologicals development, as well as novel trial designs, have created a need for a revision of the chronic migraine guidelines...
January 1, 2018: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
Mikhail M Kostik, Evgeny N Suspitsin, Marina N Guseva, Anastasia S Levina, Anastasia Y Kazantseva, Anna P Sokolenko, Evgeny N Imyanitov
NLRP12-related autoinflammatory disease (NLRP12-AID) is an exceptionally rare autosomal dominant disorder caused by germline mutations in NLRP12 gene. Very few patients with NLRP12-AD have been identified worldwide; therefore, there is a scarcity of data on phenotypic presentation of this syndrome. Here we provide evidence that NLRP12-AID may have clinical manifestations characteristic for primary immune deficiencies (PID). 246 children with periodic fever (PF) of unknown origin were subjects to the next generation sequencing (NGS) analysis; 213 of these patients had signs of primary immunodeficiency (PID) manifested by recurrent infections, while 33 kids had isolated PF...
March 2, 2018: Rheumatology International
William Berger, Ellen Sher, Sandra Gawchik, Stanley Fineman
BACKGROUND: The safety of a novel intranasal formulation of azelastine hydrochloride (AZE) and fluticasone propionate (FP) has been established in adults and adolescents with allergic rhinitis but not in children <12 years old. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and tolerability of an intranasal formulation of AZE and FP in children ages 4-11 years with allergic rhinitis. METHODS: The study was a randomized, 3-month, parallel-group, open-label design...
March 1, 2018: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
Vikas Vazhayil, Nishanth Sadashiva, Nithish Nayak, A R Prabhuraj, Dhaval Shukla, Sampath Somanna
INTRODUCTION: Colloid cysts are uncommon lesions in the pediatric age group, which most commonly occur in the fourth through fifth decades. The authors hereby report a series of 36 patients with colloid cysts in the pediatric age group. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A retrospective chart review was conducted on all patients with colloid cyst who underwent surgery in our institute between November 2003 and December 2016 (13 years). Patients above the age of 18 were excluded from the study...
February 27, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
Tinsae Alemayehu, Wondwossen Ergete, Workeabeba Abebe
Background: Pediatric nervous system tuberculomas are usually infra-tentorial and multiple. A frontal lobe location is rare. Case Details: We report a 10 year-old boy who presented with a chronic headache and episodes of loss of consciousness. He had no signs of primary pulmonary tuberculosis and a diagnosis of frontal tuberculoma was made upon a post-operative biopsy. He improved following treatment with anti-tubercular drugs. Conclusion: Tuberculosis should be considered in children with a chronic headache or focal neurologic deficit and a supra-tentorial intracranial mass in endemic countries like Ethiopia...
November 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
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