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Dione Healey, Andrew R Gray, Matthew Chae, Barry J Taylor, Julie Lawrence, David M Reith, Benjamin J Wheeler
OBJECTIVE: Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is a lifelong, metabolic disorder, typically arising in childhood and adolescence. Despite recent advances in diabetes management techniques, glycemic control remains substandard for many individuals This study examined the role of parental and child self-regulation in predicting effective glycemic control in children and adolescents with Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). METHOD: Sixty-three families (with children aged 3-18 years) with T1DM participated...
February 1, 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
Masoumeh Shohani, Vahid Zamanzadeh
Introduction: Professionalism is one of the fundamental concepts in nursing and the result of the interaction with the environment and others. Nursing professionalism influences the quality of care and is affected by several factors. This study aimed to determine the attitude of nurses regarding professionalism and the factors affecting it. Methods: In this descriptive study, the attitude among nurses to professionalism has been measured through the questionnaire Hall, in five dimensions "membership in professional organizations", "public service", "a sense of calling", "self-regulation"," autonomy" and a researcher-made questionnaire about effective factors...
December 2017: Journal of Caring Sciences
Yi-Shan Liu, Cheuk-Kwan Sun, Tzong-Shiun Li, Chia-Ju Liu
BACKGROUND: Acne, an inflammatory disease of the pilosebaceous unit, is now recognized and investigated as a chronic disease. Since the physiological and psychosocial impact of acne may be long-lasting, the treatment of acne vulgaris poses a formidable challenge for dermatologists. OBJECTIVE: The present study aims at investigating the validity and reliability of a self-developed instrument "acne self-regulation inventory" (ASRI) based on self-regulation theory in assessing the selfregulation ability of acne patients as part of the therapeutic strategy...
November 2016: Journal of Dermatological Science
Watchara Sroykham, Yodchanan Wongsawat
Melatonin is a circadian hormone transmitted via suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) in the hypothalamus and sympathetic nervous system to the pineal gland. It is a hormone necessary to many human functions such as immune, cardiovascular, neuron and sleep/awake functions. Since melatonin enhancement or suppression is reported to be closely related to the photic information from retina, in this paper, we aim further to study both the lighting condition and the emotional self-regulation in different lighting conditions together with their effects on the production of human melatonin...
2013: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Natarov Vladimir
A modified method of selfregulation involving elements of hypnosis and autogenic training, and using tape recording. A scheme of training and psychopharmacological result of applying can be used in psychotherapy, psychohygiene by people under stressful conditions.The results of using this method show effects of disturbered self imaging on state of stress and back influence.
December 1994: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
Joseph L Flanders, Vanessa Leo, Daniel Paquette, Robert O Pihl, Jean R Séguin
Rough-and-tumble play (RTP) is a common form of play between fathers and children. It has been suggested that RTP can contribute to the development of selfregulation. This study addressed the hypothesis that the frequency of father-child RTP is related to the frequency of physically aggressive behavior in early childhood. This relationship was expected to be moderated by the dominance relationship between father and son during play. Eighty-five children between the ages of 2 and 6 years were videotaped during a free-play session with their fathers in their homes and questionnaire data was collected about father-child RTP frequency during the past year...
July 2009: Aggressive Behavior
R G Dontsov, Iu V Uryvaev
Application of measured skin stimulation (contrary to classic dermographism) revealed a microcirculation variety of changes and restoration (skin vessel selfregulation). The reaction phases were measured versus classic dermographism. The types of skin vessel reactions is found to depend upon the stimulus strength. The dynamics of pattern change of skin vessels is described to differentiate hatched zone (central) and surrounding ones. A tendency of appearing of the surrounding zone before the central those was found...
February 2006: Rossiĭskii Fiziologicheskiĭ Zhurnal Imeni I.M. Sechenova
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1957: Allergie und Asthma
Iu S Polushin, N A Maĭstrenko, Al A Kurygin, O V Pashchenko
The authors discuss facts and hypotheses on the effects of benzohexonium upon the motor activity of the intestine and the significance of N-cholinolytics for prophylactics and treatment of postoperative pareses of the gastrointestinal tract. The ganglioblockers possess antistress effect, reduce the degree of pathological vegetative reactions and facilitate realization of the mechanisms of selfregulation of functions of the small and large intestine. Using benzohexonium during operation and in the first days after it makes the intestinal pareses less frequent...
2002: Vestnik Khirurgii Imeni I. I. Grekova
B Redaelli
Hydroelectrolytic equilibrium alteration in dialysis patients before dialytic treatment consists in extracellular volume expansion and hyperkalemia. Extracellular volume expansion is due to salt and water retention. Because of the self-regulation phenomenon of cell volume, it is made prevalently at the expense of extracellular volume. Hyperkalemia derives not only from alimentary K+ retention but, above all, from the K+ intracellular transfer into extracellular volume for tamponage of acid load, owing to the same selfregulation of cell volume and to the reduction of Na+/K+ pump activity with a subsequent change in Ki/Ke ratio...
November 2001: Journal of Nephrology
N A Bobko
Blood pressure, heart rate and haemodynamics parameters in dispatchers of electric networks were studied in productive conditions under two days rotation of 12-hour shifts (17 subjects, 1224 subject-observations). It was revealed, that taking and giving periods of the shifts activate cardiovascular system work to the pronounced extent (significant increase of blood pressure at the beginning and in the end of the shifts and heart rate--at the beginning of the shifts). That is accompanied with unfavourable changes of bloodcirculation selfregulation (BCS): Predominantly heart BCS that is forming at the beginning of the shifts, especially in the evening, gradually convert towards the mainly vascular one, that is especially pronounced after 8 hours of continuous working in the day shifts...
2001: Fiziolohichnyĭ Zhurnal
W Hesse
Traditional concepts of avolition (Kraepelin) and ambivalence (Bleuler) among schizophrenic patients can be interpreted in the light of present ideas of motivation and volition. Accordingly schizophrenic patients are marked both by oppositional high hope and fear components of implicit motives and by the impairment of volitional selfregulation, which both are vulnerability factors. In an environment lacking stimuli the patients cannot surpass their ambivalence through volitional selfregulation and remain passive...
September 2001: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
U Sieber, L Schmalzriedt
In their work as counselors in the field of organisational psychology and staff development, the authors are constantly in search of ideas which are relevant to hospital work. They became aware of the concept of 'Fraktal factory', arising from reports of peoples' experiences. The concept refers to the synergistic organisation of decentralised, interdisciplinary, selfregulating units- 'Fraktale'. They found the concept convincing, it seems to represent an important principle for hospitals. It is a holistic concept...
December 1994: Pflege
V M Chertok
Labrocytes situated in the external tunica of the cat basis cerebri arteries have been studied by means of Falck's method and electron microscopically. It has been stated that dilated areas in islets of the mast cells, having ultrastructure peculiar for actively secreting formations, are situated at the distance of 80-100 nm from the smooth muscle cells of the middle tunica. Close structural and functional relations have been found to exist between the adventitial labrocytes and neural conductors of the arteries...
November 1980: Arkhiv Anatomii, Gistologii i émbriologii
L Mühlbradt, W Alber, D Lukas
Both reflex phenomena of the masticatory musculature (jaw-jerk-reflex and silent period) were studied in the masseter muscle under standardized reflexogenic conditions in terms of the strength of the stimulus and initial muscle tension. The measurements were carried out with loading forceps. The reflex time for the selfregulating reflex of the masseter for 11 subjects ranged from 7.4 to 9.4 ms; the latency time for the silent period, from 13.9 to 18.1 ms; the duration of the latency period, from 11 to 23 ms...
February 1980: Deutsche Zahnärztliche Zeitschrift
M Sprengler
Although he does not always mention it, A. Janov agrees with many of W. Reich's opinions on theoretical-philosophical foundations and the theory of neurosis and other illnesses; from their criticism of society both of them develop the demand for prophylaxis of neurosis as a prerequisit for their common utopia of a selfregulated society. Primal therapy and Orgon therapy are two different forms of the "New Body Therapies" group. The authors disagree with their views of the physiological nature of Pain (A. Janov) and blokked orgon, the "function of the orgasm" and "orgastic potency", concepts that were considered by Reich to be his most important...
1984: Zeitschrift Für Klinische Psychologie, Psychopathologie und Psychotherapie
E I Shakhmatova, B G Lukichev, Iu V Natochin, C I Riabov, V L Emanuel'
The water flow according to the osmotic gradient increased under the action of 1 mU/ml of antidiuretic hormone (ADH) from 0,049 +/- 0.017 to 1.31 +/- 0.29 mcl/cm2 min in the presence of hemosorbent SKN in the solution of the frog bladder serous membrane and from 0.054 +/- 0.015 to 0.67 +/- 0.15 mcl/cm2 min without a sorbent. The effect of polyethylene glycol 400 hyperosmotic solution on the water, cAMP and theophylline penetration was not intensified after hemosorbent use. ADH inhibitor-binding substances are present in the blood serum...
March 1983: Problemy E̊ndokrinologii
E N Gerasimova, N V Perova
Cholesterol-acceptor and cholesterol-transport functions of high density lipoproteins appear to occur by means of the principle of selfregulation as these lipoproteins (particles) included a number of active units responsible for their biological function. These units were as follows: a) protein-lipid structure of surface monolayer of high density lipoprotein particles, which enables to intercalate the molecules of unesterified cholesterol, b) the enzymatic system, responsible for cholesterol esterification (lecithin-cholesterol acyltransferase--LCAT), involving the enzyme second substrate lecithin and activator apoprotein A-1, c) the system of nonenzymatic controlled transport of cholesterol esters, developed during the LCAT-reaction, involving the lipid-transport protein...
January 1985: Voprosy Medit︠s︡inskoĭ Khimii
V D Beliakov
Parasitic system is determined as a parasite's population in interaction with its natural habitat (host's population). Epidemiology, epizootiology and epiphitology as well as virology, microbiology, protozoology and helminthology study applied aspects of parasitic systems. The latter are characterized by four general principals determining selfregulation mechanisms of these systems: heterogeneity of interacting populations, their dynamic variability, phase functioning, dependence on conditions.
July 1986: Parazitologiia
R Kabakcieva, V Apostolova
A total of 125 students, aged from 6 to 18, with dysplasia of the permanent teeth were examined by a qualified pediatric stomatologist and orthodontist. Dental-jaw deformities (DJD) were established in 74.40% of all examined students. Most frequent proved to be the combination of DJD with hypomineralization in mixed dentition (34.41%) and with hypoplasia in permanent dentition--20.45% and hypomineralization--10.75%. The analysis with a view to the type of DJD revealed that the combination between dysplasias of the permanent teeth and deformities in the proportion of the jaws was most frequent (56...
July 1989: Stomatologiia. Stomatology
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