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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679924/military-status-and-alcohol-problems-former-soldiers-may-be-at-greater-risk
#1
Bonnie M Vest, D Lynn Homish, Jennifer Fillo, Gregory G Homish
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to explore differences in alcohol problems as a function of military status (current soldier, previous soldier and civilian spouses), and the possible interaction between sex and military status. We hypothesized that 1) soldiers would be at greater risk for alcohol problems than civilian spouses, and 2) former soldiers would be at greater risk compared to current soldiers. METHODS: Data were drawn from Operation: SAFETY, a longitudinal study examining physical and mental health among U...
April 13, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679820/joy-guilt-and-disappointment-an-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis-of-the-experiences-of-women-transferred-from-midwifery-led-to-consultant-led-care
#2
Patricia Larkin
BACKGROUND: Irish maternity services are predominantly medicalised and consultant led, therefore women who choose midwifery led care (MLC) do so in the context of limited birth choices. Transfers to consultant led unit (CLU) for consultant led care (CLC) can be unpredictable and can affect women's birth experiences. This study provides an in-depth exploration of women's experiences of transfer fromMLC to CLC during late pregnancy or labour. METHODS: Transfer experiences are explored through qualitative explorative in-depth interviews using interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA)...
April 11, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679816/poor-mental-health-among-low-income-women-in-the-u-s-the-roles-of-adverse-childhood-and-adult-experiences
#3
Joshua P Mersky, Colleen E Janczewski, Jenna C Nitkowski
RATIONALE: It is well established that exposure to a greater number of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) increases the risk of poor physical and mental health outcomes. Given the predictive validity of ACE scores and other cumulative risk metrics, a similar measurement approach may advance the study of risk in adulthood. OBJECTIVE: We examined the prevalence and interrelations of 10 adverse adult experiences, including household events such as intimate partner violence and extrafamilial events such as crime victimization...
April 14, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679480/association-between-online-information-seeking-and-adherence-to-guidelines-for-breast-and-prostate-cancer-screening
#4
Hankyul Kim, Christopher Filson, Peter Joski, Silke von Esenwein, Joseph Lipscomb
INTRODUCTION: From 2012 through 2014, the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommended biennial mammography for women aged 50 to 75 and recommended against the prostate specific antigen (PSA) test for men of any age, emphasizing informed decision making for patients. Because of time constraints and other patient health priorities, health care providers often do not discuss benefits and risks associated with cancer screening. We analyzed the association between seeking information online about breast and prostate cancer and undergoing mammography and PSA screening...
April 19, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679479/health-care-disparities-between-men-and-women-with-type-2-diabetes
#5
Marady Sabiaga Mesa
INTRODUCTION: Regular medical checkups indicate a patient's level of adherence to health care treatment, and the frequency of cancelled appointments or no-shows can indicate adherence. This study investigated the use of health care services by men and women and its impact on the control of their type 2 diabetes. METHODS: This study observed 100 patients with type 2 diabetes aged 45 years or older who lived in Ventura County, California, during January 1, 2015, to January 31, 2016...
April 19, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679403/nature-and-scope-of-certified-nurse-midwifery-practice-in-one-large-state-in-the-united-states
#6
Marie Hastings-Tolsma, Sarah Wilcox Foster, Mary C Brucker, Priscilla Nodine, Rebecca Burpo, Barbara Camune, Jackie Griggs, Tiffany J Callahan
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To describe the nature and scope of nurse-midwifery practice in Texas and to determine legislative priorities and practice barriers. BACKGROUND: Across the globe, midwives are the largest group of maternity care providers despite little known about midwifery practice. With a looming shortage of midwives, there is a pressing need to understand midwives' work environment and scope of practice. DESIGN: Mixed methods research utilizing prospective descriptive survey and interview...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678976/fostering-active-living-and-healthy-eating-through-understanding-physical-activity-and-dietary-behaviours-of-arabic-speaking-adults-a-cross-sectional-study-from-the-middle-east
#7
Tam Truong Donnelly, Tak Shing Fung, Al-Anoud Bint Mohammad Al-Thani
OBJECTIVES: Physical inactivity and unhealthy diets increase the risk for diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and cancer. Many people in Qatar are sedentary and consume diets high in fats, salt and sugar. The purpose of this study was to determine physical activity levels, food habits and understand the variables that might predict physical activity and healthy eating behaviours among Arabic-speaking adults living in the State of Qatar. SETTING: A cross-sectional community-based survey was conducted with 1606 Arab adults ≥18 years of age from March 2013 to June 2015...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678184/perceptions-on-male-involvement-in-pregnancy-and-childbirth-in-masasi-district-tanzania-a-qualitative-study
#8
Stephen Oswald Maluka, Apollonia Kasege Peneza
BACKGROUND: Despite the efforts to promote male involvement in maternal and child health, studies in low and middle income countries have reported that male participation is still low. While factors that hinder male partners from participating in maternal and child healthcare are well documented, there is dearth of studies on local perceptions about male involvement in pregnancy and delivery care. The main objective of this study was to explore local perceptions about male involvement in pregnancy and childbirth in Tanzania...
April 20, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678157/psycho-social-impact-of-stillbirths-on-women-and-their-families-in-tamil-nadu-india-a-qualitative-study
#9
Vijayaprasad Gopichandran, Sudharshini Subramaniam, Maria Jusler Kalsingh
BACKGROUND: Stillbirth has serious psycho-social consequences on the parents and on the family. The psychological impact of stillbirth is strongly influenced by the social and cultural context. There is very scarce information on this from the Indian context. This qualitative study was conducted to understand the psycho-social impact, aggravating factors, coping styles and health system response to stillbirths. METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted using in-depth interviews with mothers who experienced stillbirth in the past 1 year and their families...
April 20, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678002/midlevel-maternity-providers-preferences-of-a-childbirth-monitoring-tool-in-low-income-health-units-in-uganda
#10
Michael S Balikuddembe, Peter K Wakholi, Nazarius M Tumwesigye, Thorkild Tylleskär
A third of women in childbirth are inadequately monitored, partly due to the tools used. Some stakeholders assert that the current labour monitoring tools are not efficient and need improvement to become more relevant to childbirth attendants. The study objective was to explore the expectations of maternity service providers for a mobile childbirth monitoring tool in maternity facilities in a low-income country like Uganda. Semi-structured interviews of purposively selected midwives and doctors in rural-urban childbirth facilities in Uganda were conducted before thematic data analysis...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677524/effectiveness-of-community-based-depression-intervention-programme-comdip-to-manage-women-with-depression-in-primary-care-randomised-control-trial
#11
Pillaveetil Sathyadas Indu, Thekkethayyil Viswanathan Anilkumar, Krishnapillai Vijayakumar, K A Kumar, P Sankara Sarma, Saradamma Remadevi, Chittaranjan Andrade
BACKGROUND: In low and middle income countries where mental health resources are limited, community based depression intervention models, which can be implemented through the existing health system, are extremely relevant. OBJECTIVE: To test the effectiveness of Community based Depression Intervention Programme (ComDIP), newly developed by us, to reduce severity of depression in women, compared to the treatment as usual (TAU). METHODS: An RCT (Trial registration Number: CTRI/2011/08/001978, Clinical Trials Registry -India) was conducted in a primary care setting in Trivandrum, Kerala, South India...
April 3, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677309/vitamin-d-calcium-or-combined-supplementation-for-the-primary-prevention-of-fractures-in-community-dwelling-adults-us-preventive-services-task-force-recommendation-statement
#12
David C Grossman, Susan J Curry, Douglas K Owens, Michael J Barry, Aaron B Caughey, Karina W Davidson, Chyke A Doubeni, John W Epling, Alex R Kemper, Alex H Krist, Martha Kubik, Seth Landefeld, Carol M Mangione, Michael Silverstein, Melissa A Simon, Chien-Wen Tseng
Importance: Because of the aging population, osteoporotic fractures are an increasingly important cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States. Approximately 2 million osteoporotic fractures occurred in the United States in 2005, and annual incidence is projected to increase to more than 3 million fractures by 2025. Within 1 year of experiencing a hip fracture, many patients are unable to walk independently, more than half require assistance with activities of daily living, and 20% to 30% of patients will die...
April 17, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676877/assessment-and-management-of-urinary-incontinence-in-women
#13
Ellie Stewart
Urinary incontinence is a common and usually hidden issue that can affect women of all ages. It is often ignored by the patient because of their misconception that incontinence is an inevitable consequence of ageing and their low expectations of successful treatment. There are various types of incontinence, with symptoms that can significantly affect patients' quality of life. This article aims to enhance nurses' understanding of the types of urinary incontinence affecting women, associated risk factors and continence assessment, as well as the initial investigations and conservative treatments that can be instigated by general nurses...
April 20, 2018: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674017/the-complex-challenge-of-providing-patient-centred-perinatal-healthcare-in-rural-uganda-a-qualitative-enquiry
#14
Nandini D P Sarkar, Joske Bunders-Aelen, Bart Criel
RATIONALE: Increasing research and reflections on quality of healthcare across the perinatal period slowly propels the global community to lobby for improved standards of quality perinatal healthcare, especially in low- and middle-income countries. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this qualitative study was to obtain a deeper understanding of how interpersonal dimensions of the quality of care relate to real-life experiences of perinatal care, in a resource-constrained local health system...
March 21, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673875/intervention-strategies-to-improve-nutrition-and-health-behaviours-before-conception
#15
REVIEW
Mary Barker, Stephan U Dombrowski, Tim Colbourn, Caroline H D Fall, Natasha M Kriznik, Wendy T Lawrence, Shane A Norris, Gloria Ngaiza, Dilisha Patel, Jolene Skordis-Worrall, Falko F Sniehotta, Régine Steegers-Theunissen, Christina Vogel, Kathryn Woods-Townsend, Judith Stephenson
The nutritional status of both women and men before conception has profound implications for the growth, development, and long-term health of their offspring. Evidence of the effectiveness of preconception interventions for improving outcomes for mothers and babies is scarce. However, given the large potential health return, and relatively low costs and risk of harm, research into potential interventions is warranted. We identified three promising strategies for intervention that are likely to be scalable and have positive effects on a range of health outcomes: supplementation and fortification; cash transfers and incentives; and behaviour change interventions...
April 16, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673617/reasons-for-substance-use-continuation-and-discontinuation-during-pregnancy-a-qualitative-study
#16
Kiri A Latuskie, Naomi C Z Andrews, Mary Motz, Tom Leibson, Zubin Austin, Shinya Ito, Debra J Pepler
BACKGROUND: Substance use during pregnancy is a major public health concern, stemming from potential physical and psychosocial harms to both the mother and child. PURPOSE: To understand women's experiences using substances during pregnancy and the reasons that women continue and/or discontinue using substances. METHODS: Focus groups were conducted with women who attended an early intervention program for pregnant or parenting women with substance use issues...
April 16, 2018: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673402/determinants-of-postnatal-care-utilization-in-urban-community-among-women-in-debre-birhan-town-northern-shewa-ethiopia
#17
Banchalem Nega Angore, Efrata Girma Tufa, Fithamlak Solomon Bisetegen
BACKGROUND: Reducing maternal mortality and improving maternal health care through increased utilization of postnatal care utilization is a global and local priority. However studies that have been carried out in Ethiopia regarding determinants are limited. So This study aims to assess the magnitude of postnatal care utilization and its determinants in Debre Birhan Town, North Ethiopia. METHODS: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted from March 1 to April 25, 2015, in Debre Birhan Town...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673303/paramedics-as-a-new-resource-for-women-experiencing-intimate-partner-violence
#18
Simon Sawyer, Jan Coles, Angela Williams, Brett Williams
Intimate partner violence (IPV) has a major impact on the health and well-being of women. The need for a coordinated response from health care professions encountering IPV patients is well established, and guidelines for individual health care professions are needed. Paramedics are believed to frequently encounter IPV patients, and this study aims to create a guideline to direct their response based on expert opinion. A clinical guideline for paramedics was created using current evidence and recommendations from health agencies...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672921/understanding-the-use-of-india-s-national-health-insurance-scheme-for-family-planning-and-reproductive-health-services-in-uttar-pradesh
#19
Arupendra Mozumdar, Kumudha Aruldas, Aparna Jain, Laura Reichenbach
India's National Health Insurance Scheme, Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY), expands health services to families living below the poverty line by enrolling them into the scheme through selected health facilities. Use and reasons for nonuse of RSBY for family planning (FP) and reproductive health (RH) services have not been explored previously. This cross-sectional study explored the use of RSBY for FP/RH services at private health facilities, knowledge of FP/RH service availability, and factors influencing knowledge among RSBY enrolled families...
April 19, 2018: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672838/efficacy-feasibility-and-patient-acceptability-of-ultrasound-guided-manual-vacuum-aspiration-for-treating-early-pregnancy-loss
#20
Jacqueline Pui Wah Chung, Cathy Hoi Sze Chung, Jennifer Sze Man Mak, Tin Chiu Li, Grace Wing Shan Kong
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound-guided manual vacuum aspiration (USG-MVA) is an effective but underutilised alternative to medical or surgical evacuation of the uterus following first trimester miscarriage. AIMS: To evaluate the efficacy, feasibility and patient acceptability of USG-MVA for treating early pregnancy loss. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We invited patients with early pregnancy losses to participate in this prospective cohort study. We reviewed the medical records of the participants and their visual analogue pain score during MVA...
April 19, 2018: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
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