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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222899/prevalence-and-determinants-of-iron-deficiency-anemia-among-non-pregnant-women-of-reproductive-age-in-pakistan
#1
Muhammad Atif Habib, Camille Raynes-Greenow, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Noshad Ali, Sidrah Nausheen, Imran Ahmed, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Kirsten I Black
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Iron deficiency Anemia (IDA) in women of reproductive age is a recognized public health concern that impairs health and well-being in women and is associated with adverse reproductive outcomes. In Pakistan there is a dearth of up-to-date information on the prevalence and predictors of IDA. This study sought to investigate IDA in Pakistani women. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Secondary analysis was performed using the National Nutrition Survey in Pakistan 2011- 2012...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222731/predictors-of-long-term-care-among-nonagenarians-the-vitality-90%C3%A2-%C3%A2-study-with-linked-data-of-the-care-registers
#2
Maarit Kauppi, Jani Raitanen, Sari Stenholm, Mari Aaltonen, Linda Enroth, Marja Jylhä
BACKGROUND: The need for long-term care services increases with age. However, little is known about the predictors of long-term care (LTC) entry among the oldest old. AIMS: Aim of this study was to assess predictors of LTC entry in a sample of men and women aged 90 years and older. METHODS: This study was based on the Vitality 90 + Study, a population-based study of nonagenarians in the city of Tampere, Finland. Baseline information about health, functioning and living conditions were collected by mailed questionnaires...
December 8, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221943/religious-hospital-policies-on-reproductive-care-what-do-patients-want-to-know
#3
Lori R Freedman, Luciana E Hebert, Molly F Battistelli, Debra B Stulberg
BACKGROUND: Religious hospitals are a large and growing part of the American healthcare system. Patients who receive obstetric and other reproductive care in religious hospitals may face religiously-based restrictions on the treatment their doctor can provide. Little is known about patients' knowledge or preferences regarding religiously restricted reproductive healthcare. OBJECTIVE(S): We aimed to assess women's preferences for knowing a hospital's religion and religiously-based restrictions before deciding where to seek care and the acceptability of a hospital denying miscarriage treatment options for religious reasons, with and without informing the patient that other options may be available...
December 5, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221835/impact-of-surgical-approach-and-patient-factors-on-hospital-consumer-assessment-of-healthcare-providers-and-systems-hcahps-survey-scoring-in-gynecologic-surgery
#4
Sumer Wallace, Kristine T Hanson, Sean C Dowdy, Elizabeth B Habermann
OBJECTIVE: We sought to compare the Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS) survey responses of women who underwent gynecologic surgery at our institution across patient factors and surgical approach. METHODS: We identified patients with returned HCAHPS surveys following an inpatient laparoscopic surgery or laparotomy in gynecologic surgery from 10/1/2012-9/30/2015. Exclusions included patient age<18years, discharge by a service other than Gynecologic Surgery, or refusal of Minnesota research authorization...
December 5, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221482/rejection-acceptance-and-the-spectrum-between-understanding-male-attitudes-and-experiences-towards-conflict-related-sexual-violence-in-eastern-democratic-republic-of-congo
#5
Jocelyn Kelly, Katherine Albutt, Justin Kabanga, Kimberley Anderson, Michael VanRooyen
BACKGROUND: Female survivors of sexual violence in conflict experience not only physical and psychological sequelae from the event itself, but often many negative social outcomes, such as rejection and ostracisation from their families and community. Male relatives - whether husbands, fathers, brothers - play a key role in determining how the family and community respond to a survivor of sexual violence. Understanding these perspectives could help improve services for survivors of sexual violence, as well as their families and communities...
December 8, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220707/hunter-gatherer-health-and-development-policy-how-the-promotion-of-sedentism-worsens-the-agta-s-health-outcomes
#6
Abigail E Page, Tessa Minter, Sylvain Viguier, Andrea Bamberg Migliano
Many hunter-gatherer groups live on the outskirts of wider society, experiencing poor health outcomes with little access to medical care. From a development perspective, key interventions include the sedentarisation of these mobile peoples into camps nearby larger towns with sanitation infrastructure and medical care, as increased access to services is assumed to improve outcomes. However, recent research in the Agta (Philippine foragers from North-east Luzon) has demonstrated that individuals residing in more 'developed' communities suffer from increased morbidity and mortality...
December 5, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220610/predictors-of-alcohol-use-during-pregnancy-among-women-attending-midwife-obstetric-units-in-the-cape-metropole-south-africa
#7
Petal Petersen-Williams, Catherine Mathews, Esmé Jordaan, Charles D H Parry
INTRODUCTION: Little is known about the nature and extent of substance use among pregnant women in Cape Town (South Africa) despite the very high levels of substance use and related consequences such as FASD in this part of the country. The aim of the study was to determine predictors of alcohol use among pregnant women. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among pregnant women attending 11 Midwife Obstetric Units (MOUs) in greater Cape Town. A two-stage cluster survey design was used...
December 8, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220203/recent-advances-in-fertility-preservation-and-counseling-for-female-cancer-patients
#8
Marie-Madeleine Dolmans
Ensuring quality of life for increasing numbers of women surviving cancer has become a key challenge. Patients need to be counseled on potential fertility loss resulting from gonadotoxic treatments, and referred to fertility specialists to discuss existing options and available results. Areas covered: Fertility preservation options have existed for over twenty years. The proposed fertility preservation approach depends on patient age, the urgency of required chemotherapy, and psychosocial factors such as financial concerns, especially in countries where techniques are not covered by social security...
December 8, 2017: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220069/traumatic-brain-injury-profile-of-an-elderly-population-in-puerto-rico
#9
Jose A Fernández-Abinader, Karolyn González-Colón, Caleb E Feliciano, Ana María Mosquera-Soler
OBJECTIVE: Describe the types of traumatic brain injury secondary to falls sustained by the members of an elderly population who received services at the Puerto Rico Medical Center and the demographic profile of that population. METHODS: A group of 332 adults (60 years and over) assessed for traumatic brain injury secondary to falls suffered in 2013 were included in the analysis. The cases were retrieved from the computerized database of the Neurosurgery Section...
December 2017: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220068/assessing-the-decrease-in-the-surgical-population-of-the-university-of-puerto-rico-affiliated-hospitals
#10
Norma I Cruz, Elvis Santiago, César Luque
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the magnitude of the decrease in the surgical population of the University of Puerto Rico (UPR)-affiliated hospitals. METHODS: We examined all the surgical cases that were entered into the Surgical Database from January 1, 2013, through December 31, 2015. This database collects patient and procedural information from the surgical services of the UPR-affiliated hospitals. Thus, the number of surgical patients for the 3-year study period was determined and their characteristics recorded...
December 2017: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220064/importance-of-and-satisfaction-with-psychosocial-support-among-cancer-patients-and-survivors-in-puerto-rico-gender-health-status-and-quality-of-life-associations
#11
Eida M Castro, Gloria Asencio, Gwendolyn P Quinn, Thomas Brandon, Clement K Gwede, Susan Vadaparampil, Vani Simmons, Jessica McIntyre, Julio Jiménez
OBJECTIVE: To assess needs perceptions regarding the importance of and satisfaction with psychosocial support among cancer patients and survivors in Puerto Rico. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 181 participants (70 men and 111 women) who were either undergoing cancer treatment (patients) or had completed cancer treatment (survivors). Participants completed a sociodemographic and clinical characteristics questionnaire, and the Psychosocial Needs Inventory (PNI)...
December 2017: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219031/the-role-of-community-pharmacists-in-the-identification-and-ongoing-management-of-women-at-risk-for-perinatal-depression-a-qualitative-study
#12
Sabrine Elkhodr, Maya Saba, Claire O'Reilly, Bandana Saini
BACKGROUND: While pharmacists are among the most accessible primary health professionals within a mother's healthcare team to identify potential cases of perinatal depression (PND), very little in the literature suggests that this role has been explored. AIM: The aim of this study was to explore community pharmacists' perspectives on their potential roles in perinatal mental health promotion (recognition and health education) and the factors affecting these roles...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218728/a-service-concept-and-tools-to-improve-maternal-and-newborn-health-in-nigeria-and-uganda
#13
Mariana Salgado, Melanie Wendland, Damaris Rodriguez, Meghan A Bohren, Olufemi T Oladapo, Olubunmi A Ojelade, Kidza Mugerwa, Bukola Fawole
OBJECTIVE: The "Better Outcomes in Labor Difficulty" (BOLD) project used a service design process to design a set of tools to improve quality of care during childbirth by strengthening linkages between communities and health facilities in Nigeria and Uganda. This paper describes the Passport to Safer Birth concept and the tools developed as a result. METHODS: Service design methods were used to identify facilitators and barriers to quality care, and to develop human-centered solutions...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218714/using-a-service-design-model-to-develop-the-passport-to-safer-birth-in-nigeria-and-uganda
#14
Mariana Salgado, Melanie Wendland, Damaris Rodriguez, Meghan A Bohren, Olufemi T Oladapo, Olubunmi A Ojelade, Adebimpe A Olalere, Ronald Luwangula, Kidza Mugerwa, Bukola Fawole
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate how a human-centered service design approach can generate practical tools for good-quality childbirth care in low-resource settings. METHODS: As part of the WHO "Better Outcomes in Labour Difficulty" (BOLD) project, a service design approach was used in eight Ugandan and Nigerian health facilities and communities to develop the "Passport to Safer Birth." There are three phases: Research for Design, Concept Design, and Detail Design. These generated design principles, design archetype personas, and Passport prototypes...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218711/defining-quality-of-care-during-childbirth-from-the-perspectives-of-nigerian-and-ugandan-women-a-qualitative-study
#15
Meghan A Bohren, Musibau A Titiloye, David Kyaddondo, Erin C Hunter, Olufemi T Oladapo, Özge Tunçalp, Josaphat Byamugisha, Akinpelu O Olutayo, Joshua P Vogel, A Metin Gülmezoglu, Bukola Fawole, Kidza Mugerwa
OBJECTIVE: To explore what "quality of care" means to childbearing women in Nigeria and Uganda, as a means of ensuring that women's voices and opinions are prioritized when developing interventions to improve quality in maternity care provision. METHODS: Qualitative methods, with a purposive sample of women in Nigeria and Uganda. Participants were asked to define quality of care and to provide examples of when it was and was not provided. Thematic analysis was used to synthesize findings based on an a priori framework (the WHO quality of care framework)...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217972/clinical-aspects-and-antenatal-diagnosis-of-invasive-placenta-a-review-of-ten-years-experience-of-a-multi-profile-hospital-in-lithuania
#16
Jelena Volochovič, Diana Ramašauskaitė, Ramunė Šimkevičiūtė
Background: Invasive placenta is a rare obstetrical pathology that is life-threatening to mother and child. It is important to diagnose this pathology as early as possible and to plan further optimal care of patients in order to minimize life-threatening complications. The aim of this study was to analyze the frequency of cases of invasive placenta, the peculiarities of their clinical manifestation in women who gave birth from 2006 to 2015, to evaluate diagnostic and treatment options of this pathology, and to review their changes when the level of services provided by the institution changes...
2017: Acta Medica Lituanica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217939/client-centeredness-of-family-planning-services-in-a-resource-limited-setting
#17
Ayinengida Walle, Mirkuzie Woldie
Background: Clients' needs and their satisfaction are priority issues in studying quality in reproductive health services. However, only 24-37% of Ethiopian women were informed about the available family planning methods and their utilization. High national total fertility rate (4.8) and low contraceptive prevalence rate (29%) might be attributed to these and other reasons. This study assessed the level of client-centeredness of family planning services and their determinants in public health facilities of Bahir Dar Town, Northwest Ethiopia...
July 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217720/likelihood-of-death-among-hospital-inpatients-in-new-zealand-prevalent-cohort-study
#18
Merryn Gott, Joanna Broad, Xian Zhang, Lene Jarlbaek, David Clark
OBJECTIVES: (1) To establish the likelihood of dying within 12 months for a cohort of hospital inpatients in New Zealand (NZ) on a fixed census date; (2) to identify associations between likelihood of death and key sociodemographic, diagnostic and service-related factors and (3) to compare results with, and extend findings of, a Scottish study undertaken for the same time period and census date. National databases of hospitalisations and death registrations were used, linked by unique health identifier...
December 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217338/-occupational-risks-during-pregnancy-feedback-from-occupational-medical-services
#19
J-B Henrotin, M Vaissière, M Etaix, M Dziurla, S Malard, D Lafon
OBJECTIVES: To describe the follow-up of pregnancies at work and exposures to pregnancy occupational hazards. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed between January and December 2014 in occupational health services of Languedoc-Roussillon region. Eligible workers were interviewed by occupational health physicians (OHPs) after delivery and at the time of returning to work (exposure, anticipation, prevention, communication, sick leave). Occupational skill levels were classified according to the French standard classification of occupations (version 2003) from the French National Institute of Statistics...
December 4, 2017: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217313/characteristics-and-health-needs-of-veterans-in-jails-and-prisons-what-we-know-and-do-not-know-about-incarcerated-women-veterans
#20
Janice D McCall, Jack Tsai
PURPOSE: The majority of U.S. veterans in prisons and local jails are men, but incarcerated women veterans remain an important and understudied group. METHODS: This study reported differences in sociodemographic, health, and criminal justice characteristics using Veterans Affairs (VA) administrative data on a national sample of 30,964 incarcerated veterans (30,440 men and 524 women) who received outreach from the VA Health Care for Reentry Veterans program between 2007 and 2011...
December 4, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
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