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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822615/alcohol-use-and-problem-drinking-among-women-firefighters
#1
Christopher K Haddock, Walker S C Poston, Sara A Jahnke, Nattinee Jitnarin
OBJECTIVES: Given high levels of occupational stress and toxic exposures, firefighters have a relatively high prevalence of occupationally related medical and mental health disorders compared with the general public. Previous research found high rates of heavy and binge drinking among male firefighters. This study is the first to examine alcohol use among women firefighters. METHODS: Data were collected as part of a national online survey of women, career firefighters...
August 16, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822325/are-there-regional-tendencies-toward-controversial-screening-practices-a-study-of-prostate-and-breast-cancer-screening-in-a-medicare-population
#2
Eric Raffin, Tracy Onega, Julie Bynum, Andrea Austin, Donald Carmichael, Kristen Bronner, Philip Goodney, Elias S Hyams
INTRODUCTION: Prostate and breast cancer screening in older patients continue to be controversial. Balancing the desire for early detection with avoidance of over-diagnosis has led to competing and contradictory guidelines for both practices. Despite similarities, it is not known how these screening practices are related at the regional level. In this study, we examined how screening PSA and mammography are related within healthcare regions, and, to better understand what may be driving these practices, whether they are associated with local intensity of care...
August 16, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821907/immigration-to-israel-during-childhood-is-associated-with-diabetes-at-adolescence-a-study-of-2-7-million-adolescents
#3
Alon Peled, Barak Gordon, Gilad Twig, Joseph Mendlovic, Estela Derazne, Michal Lisnyansky, Itamar Raz, Arnon Afek
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Immigration studies can shed light on diabetes pathogenesis and risk factors. To this end, we investigated the association between age at immigration and diabetes occurrence at adolescence among immigrants to Israel. METHODS: We analysed cross-sectional data on 2,721,767 Jewish adolescents assessed for mandatory military service at approximately 17 years of age between 1967 and 2014. The study population comprised 430,176 immigrants with origins in Ethiopia, former USSR, Middle East and North Africa (ME/NA) and western countries...
August 19, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821530/whisper-or-shout-study-protocol-of-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-assessing-mhealth-sexual-reproductive-health-and-nutrition-interventions-among-female-sex-workers-in-mombasa-kenya
#4
Frances H Ampt, Collins Mudogo, Peter Gichangi, Megan S C Lim, Griffins Manguro, Matthew Chersich, Walter Jaoko, Marleen Temmerman, Marilyn Laini, Liz Comrie-Thomson, Mark Stoové, Paul A Agius, Margaret Hellard, Kelly L'Engle, Stanley Luchters
INTRODUCTION: New interventions are required to reduce unintended pregnancies among female sex workers (FSWs) in low- and middle-income countries and to improve their nutritional health. Given sex workers' high mobile phone usage, repeated exposure to short messaging service (SMS) messages could address individual and interpersonal barriers to contraceptive uptake and better nutrition. METHODS: In this two-arm cluster randomised trial, each arm constitutes an equal-attention control group for the other...
August 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821243/gender-differentials-in-readiness-and-use-of-mhealth-services-in-a-rural-area-of-bangladesh
#5
Fatema Khatun, Anita E Heywood, Syed Manzoor Ahmed Hanifi, M Shafiqur Rahman, Pradeep K Ray, Siaw-Teng Liaw, Abbas Bhuiya
BACKGROUND: Traditional gender roles result in women lagging behind men in the use of modern technologies, especially in developing countries. Although there is rapid uptake of mobile phone use in Bangladesh, investigation of gender differences in the ownership, access and use of mobile phones in general and mHealth in particular has been limited. This paper presents gender differentials in the ownership of mobile phones and knowledge of available mHealth services in a rural area of Bangladesh...
August 18, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821230/seroprevalence-of-herpes-simplex-virus-type-2-hsv-2-among-pregnant-women-who-participated-in-a-national-hiv-surveillance-activity-in-haiti
#6
Jean Wysler Domercant, Frantz Jean Louis, Erin Hulland, Mark Griswold, Jocelyne Andre-Alboth, Tun Ye, Barbara J Marston
BACKGROUND: Herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2), one the most common causes of genital ulcers, appears to increase both the risk of HIV acquisition and HIV transmission. HSV-2/HIV co-infection among pregnant women may increase the risk of perinatal transmission of HIV. This study describes rates of HSV-2 among pregnant women in Haiti and HSV-2 test performance in this population. METHODS: Unlinked residual serum specimens from the 2012 National HIV and Syphilis Sentinel Surveillance Survey among pregnant women in Haiti were tested using two commercial kits (Focus HerpeSelect, Kalon) for HSV-2 antibodies...
August 18, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821220/exploring-meaning-and-types-of-trust-in-maternity-care-in-peri-urban-kenya-a-qualitative-cross-perspective-analysis
#7
Pooja Sripad, Sachiko Ozawa, Maria W Merritt, Larissa Jennings, Deanna Kerrigan, Charity Ndwiga, Timothy Abuya, Charlotte E Warren
Trust offers a distinctive lens on facility responsiveness during labor and birth. Though acknowledged in prior literature, limited work exists linking conceptual and empirical spheres. This study explores trust in the maternity setting in Kenya through a theoretically driven qualitative approach. Focus groups ( n = 8, N = 70) with women who recently gave birth (WRB), pregnant women, and male partners, and in-depth-interviews ( n = 33) with WRB, frontline providers, and management, were conducted in and around a peri-urban public hospital...
August 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820951/lactation-consultants-perceived-barriers-to-providing-professional-breastfeeding-support
#8
Erica H Anstey, Martha Coulter, Cecilia M Jevitt, Kay M Perrin, Sharon Dabrow, Lynne B Klasko-Foster, Ellen M Daley
BACKGROUND: Addressing suboptimal breastfeeding initiation and duration rates is a priority in the United States. To address challenges to improving these rates, the voices of the providers who work with breastfeeding mothers should be heard. Research aim: The purpose of this study was to explore lactation consultants' perceived barriers to managing early breastfeeding problems. METHODS: This qualitative study was conducted with a grounded theory methodological approach...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820670/a-retrospective-look-at-the-experience-of-parental-incarceration-and-family-reentry-during-adolescence
#9
Carrie Jefferson Smith, Diane S Young
Few studies provide firsthand experiences of parental incarceration in adolescents' own voices. Fourteen young men and women retrospectively shared their experiences of parental incarceration and family reentry during adolescence. Individual interviews focused on the following qualitative research questions: (1) What is the experience of parental incarceration and reentry for adolescents? (2) How does the child-parent relationship change from pre- to postincarceration? Relationships with incarcerated parents tended toward estrangement...
August 18, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819986/knowledge-of-palliative-care-among-community-dwelling-adults
#10
Elissa Kozlov, Meghan McDarby, M Carrington Reid, Brian D Carpenter
OBJECTIVE: To identify what laypersons know about palliative care using the Palliative Care Knowledge Scale (PaCKS). A secondary aim was to establish preliminary normative data for the PaCKS. METHODS: A sample of 301 adults were recruited via Amazon's Mechanical Turk database. Participants were administered the PaCKS along with a demographic questionnaire. RESULTS: The mean score on the 13-item PaCKS was 5.25 (standard deviation = 4.77, range: 0-13), the median was 5, and the mode was 0, with a significant proportion of participants selecting "I don't know" for every item...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819945/adolescent-pregnancies-complications-birth-outcomes-and-the-possible-solutions
#11
Tayfur Çift, Engin Korkmazer, Muzaffer Temur, Berk Bulut, Bariş Korkmaz, Onur Ozdenoğlu, Cem Akaltun, Emin Üstünyurt
OBJECTIVES: In this study we aim to evaluate antenatal, perinatal and postnatal outcomes and complications of adolescent pregnancies, as well as to discuss the social and psychological consequences of these pregnancies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We compare a total of 243 pregnant women at age 14-18 years to a vast control group at age 19-36 who all delivered at Bursa Yüksek Ihtisas Training and Research Hospital between years 2005-2014. RESULTS: Antenatal care (folic acid supplementation, pre-conception counseling) was significantly higher in adolescent pregnancy group...
2017: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819511/male-partner-involvement-in-the-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-infection-in-mwanza-region-tanzania
#12
Munda Elias, Elia John Mmbaga, Ahmed Abade Mohamed, Rogath Saika Kishimba
INTRODUCTION: Globally, there are 3.3 million children < 15 years of age living with HIV infection. About 95% of HIV infected children have acquired infection from their mothers. Although new pediatric HIV infection in Tanzania has declined by 48% and Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) coverage of highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART) has increased to 77%, the MTCT rate remains high (15%). Poor male partner involvement in PMTCT services is one of the factors contributing to reduced effectiveness of the PMTCT and hence failure to achieve the elimination of maternal to child transmission of HIV...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818243/mental-health-problems-and-cancer-risk-factors-among-young-adults
#13
Greta M Massetti, Cheryll C Thomas, Jessica King, Kathleen Ragan, Natasha Buchanan Lunsford
INTRODUCTION: Chronic mental health problems often emerge in young adulthood, when adults begin to develop lifelong health behaviors and access preventive health services. The associations between mental health problems and modifiable cancer risk factors in young adulthood are not well understood. METHODS: In 2016, the authors analyzed 2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data on demographic characteristics, health service access and use, health status, and cancer risk factors (tobacco use, alcohol use, overweight or obesity, physical activity, and sleep) for 90,821 young adults aged 18-39 years with mental health problems (depressive disorder or frequent mental distress) compared to other young adults...
September 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817672/estimated-future-incidence-of-malignant-mesothelioma-in-south-korea-projection-from-2014-to-2033
#14
Kyeong Min Kwak, Domyung Paek, Seung-Sik Hwang, Young-Su Ju
Malignant mesothelioma is a malignant tumor on the pleura or the peritoneum caused mostly by asbestos. Although asbestos is not currently used in South Korea, the incidence of mesothelioma is increasing due to its long latent period. This study predicted the incidence of malignant mesothelioma in South Korea over the next 20 years using an age-period-cohort (APC) model. Data regarding mesothelioma incidence from 1994-2013 were acquired from the Korea Central Cancer Registry (KCCR). Demographic data, including prospective resident data, were acquired from the Korean Statistical Information Service (KOSIS) for 1994-2033...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816807/a-whooping-cough-education-module-for-wic-clients-in-utah
#15
Karlen E Luthy, Alicia Anderson, Janelle Macintosh, Renea L Beckstrand, Lacey M Eden, Ryan Amy, Christopher I Macintosh
BACKGROUND: Clients in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) are required to complete education modules quarterly to maintain eligibility. The purposes of this project were to: (1) create a whooping cough vaccination education module for WIC clients; (2) evaluate baseline perceptions of WIC clients on the whooping cough vaccine and disease; and (3) evaluate whooping cough knowledge following completion of the module. PROBLEM: A decline in vaccination rates among infants and children using WIC services was reported by a local WIC program director who requested whooping cough vaccination education materials...
September 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816805/development-of-a-mobile-app-for-family-planning-providers
#16
Viannella Halsall, Jennifer Rogers, Jacki Witt, Sejun Song, Hoang Duc Huy Nguyen, Patricia Kelly
PURPOSE: To provide an overview of lessons learned during the development process of an app for iOS and Android based on national recommendations for providing quality family planning services. STUDY AND DESIGN: After a review of existing apps was conducted to determine whether an app of clinical recommendations for family planning existed, a team of clinicians, training specialists, and app developers created a resource app by first drafting a comprehensive content map...
September 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816754/health-care-services-in-ibd-factors-associated-with-service-utilization-and-preferences-for-service-options-for-routine-and-urgent-care
#17
Matthew T Bernstein, John R Walker, Tarun Chhibba, Melony Ivekovic, Harminder Singh, Laura E Targownik, Charles N Bernstein
BACKGROUND: We aimed to explore factors associated with health service utilization and preference for services, including alternatives to attending the emergency department (ED) when experiencing mild to moderate or severe symptoms. METHODS: A total of 1143 persons (46% response rate) aged 18 to 65 years in the population-based University of Manitoba IBD Research Registry participated in the survey. RESULTS: Although 61% had a gastroenterologist, when experiencing active symptoms, only 29% felt they could call their gastroenterologist for an urgent appointment, and 42% could call their gastroenterologist for telephone advice...
September 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816750/health-care-services-in-ibd-factors-associated-with-service-utilization-and-preferences-for-service-options-for-routine-and-urgent-care
#18
Matthew T Bernstein, John R Walker, Tarun Chhibba, Melony Ivekovic, Harminder Singh, Laura E Targownik, Charles N Bernstein
BACKGROUND: We aimed to explore factors associated with health service utilization and preference for services, including alternatives to attending the emergency department (ED) when experiencing mild to moderate or severe symptoms. METHODS: A total of 1143 persons (46% response rate) aged 18 to 65 years in the population-based University of Manitoba IBD Research Registry participated in the survey. RESULTS: Although 61% had a gastroenterologist, when experiencing active symptoms, only 29% felt they could call their gastroenterologist for an urgent appointment, and 42% could call their gastroenterologist for telephone advice...
August 14, 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815325/stumbling-blocks-at-the-clinic-experiences-of-seeking-hiv-treatment-and-care-in-south-africa
#19
Brendan Maughan-Brown, Caroline Kuo, Omar Galárraga, Philip Smith, Mark N Lurie, Linda-Gail Bekker, Abigail Harrison
Prompt antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation maximises the therapeutic and prevention benefits of a treat-all strategy for HIV therapy. Using in-depth semi-structured interviews with men and women 18 years and older (N = 41), who were highly motivated and seeking treatment, this study examined salient factors that were associated with delays in treatment access and initiation. Results revealed clinic-related barriers including an onerous, inefficient multi-step process to initiate ART. Participants experienced additional delays due to difficulties accessing care (e...
August 16, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814311/social-inequalities-in-the-utilization-of-outpatient-psychotherapy-analyses-of-registry-data-from-german-statutory-health-insurance
#20
Jelena Epping, Denise Muschik, Siegfried Geyer
BACKGROUND: Most studies on health disparities deal with the occurrence of disease, but little is known about inequalities in the utilization of mental health services. This paper examines social inequalities in the utilization of outpatient psychotherapy within a health care system where there are low financial barriers to health care and a lack of specific health policies to address access to psychotherapeutic services. METHODS: Registry data of German statutory health insurance for the year 2013 were used (total population: N = 746,963; 10,711 women and men with psychotherapy)...
August 16, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
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