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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214249/perceived-neighborhood-social-cohesion-and-preventive-healthcare-use
#1
Eric S Kim, Ichiro Kawachi
INTRODUCTION: Neighborhood social cohesion has been linked with better health and health behaviors, but its association with patterns of preventive healthcare use remains understudied. The hypothesis was that people with higher perceived neighborhood social cohesion would display increased use of preventive healthcare services. METHODS: Participants (N=7,168) were drawn from the 2006 wave of the Health and Retirement Study-a prospective and nationally representative panel study of American adults aged >50 years-and tracked for one wave (2 years)...
February 14, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213603/women-s-experiences-with-cervical-cancer-screening-in-a-colposcopy-referral-clinic-in-cape-town-south-africa-a-qualitative-analysis
#2
Mariette Momberg, Matthys H Botha, Frederick H Van der Merwe, Jennifer Moodley
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore and understand women's experience with cervical cancer screening and with the referral pathways for abnormal Papanicolau (Pap) smears. DESIGN AND SETTING: Focus group discussions were conducted with first time colposcopy clinic attendees at a tertiary hospital colposcopy clinic in Cape Town, South Africa during November 2014. A thematic analysis was conducted to identify key themes. Initial coding categories were drawn from the interview guide...
February 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213060/prediction-of-cesarean-delivery-in-the-term-nulliparous-woman-results-from-the-prospective-multi-center-genesis-study
#3
Naomi Burke, Gerard Burke, Fionnuala Breathnach, Fionnuala Mcauliffe, John J Morrison, Michael Turner, Samina Dornan, John R Higgins, Amanda Cotter, Michael Geary, Peter Mcparland, Sean Daly, Fiona Cody, Pat Dicker, Elizabeth Tully, Fergal D Malone
BACKGROUND: In contemporary practice many nulliparous women require intervention during childbirth such as operative vaginal delivery or Cesarean delivery (CD). Despite the knowledge that the rising CD rate is associated with increasing maternal age, obesity and larger infant birthweight, we lack a reliable method to predict the requirement for such potentially hazardous obstetric procedures during labor and delivery. This issue is important as there are higher rates of morbidity and mortality associated with unplanned CD performed in labor compared to scheduled Cesarean deliveries...
February 14, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212591/maternal-bonding-through-pregnancy-and-postnatal-findings-from-an-australian-longitudinal-study
#4
Larissa Rossen, Delyse Hutchinson, Judy Wilson, Lucinda Burns, Steve Allsop, Elizabeth J Elliott, Sue Jacobs, Jacqui A Macdonald, Craig Olsson, Richard P Mattick
Background Mother-infant bonding provides the foundation for secure attachment through the lifespan and organizes many facets of infant social-emotional development, including later parenting. Aims To describe maternal bonding to offspring across the pregnancy and postnatal periods, and to examine a broad range of sociodemographic and psychosocial predictors of the maternal-offspring bond. Methods Data were drawn from a sample of 372 pregnant women participating in an Australian population-based longitudinal study of postnatal health and development...
February 17, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212425/job-satisfaction-and-determinant-factors-among-midwives-working-at-health-facilities-in-addis-ababa-city-ethiopia
#5
Eyasu Tamru Bekru, Amsale Cherie, Antehun Alemayehu Anjulo
BACKGROUND: Midwives are the primary source of care and support for mothers and newborns at the most vulnerable time in their lives.The Ethiopian National Reproductive Health Strategy targeted reduction of Maternal Mortality rate to 267/100,000 live births in the years 2006-2015. Midwives play a crucial role in the care of pregnant women, from the first antenatal visit right through to the delivery and the postpartum period. METHODOLOGY: Institution based cross-sectional study was carried out from March 2015 to April 2015 in Addis Ababa city, Ethiopia to assess job satisfaction and its determinants among midwives working at government health facilities...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211056/targeted-mass-media-interventions-promoting-healthy-behaviours-to-reduce-risk-of-non-communicable-diseases-in-adult-ethnic-minorities
#6
REVIEW
Annhild Mosdøl, Ingeborg B Lidal, Gyri H Straumann, Gunn E Vist
BACKGROUND: Physical activity, a balanced diet, avoidance of tobacco exposure, and limited alcohol consumption may reduce morbidity and mortality from non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Mass media interventions are commonly used to encourage healthier behaviours in population groups. It is unclear whether targeted mass media interventions for ethnic minority groups are more or less effective in changing behaviours than those developed for the general population. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of mass media interventions targeting adult ethnic minorities with messages about physical activity, dietary patterns, tobacco use or alcohol consumption to reduce the risk of NCDs...
February 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210883/can-demographic-clinical-and-treatment-related-factors-available-at-hormonal-therapy-initiation-predict-non-persistence-in-women-with-stage-i-iii-breast-cancer
#7
Caitriona Cahir, Thomas I Barron, Linda Sharp, Kathleen Bennett
PURPOSE: To investigate whether demographic, clinical and treatment-related risk factors known at treatment initiation can be used to reliably predict future hormonal therapy non-persistence in women with breast cancer, and to inform intervention development. METHODS: Women with stage I-III breast cancer diagnosed 2000-2012 and prescribed hormonal therapy were identified from the National Cancer Registry Ireland (NCRI) and linked to pharmacy claims data from Ireland's Primary Care Reimbursement Services (PCRS)...
February 16, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210550/evaluating-the-performance-of-national-comprehensive-cancer-network-nccn-breast-and-ovarian-genetic-familial-high-risk-assessment-referral-criteria-for-breast-cancer-women-in-an-asian-surgical-breast-clinic
#8
Geok-Hoon Lim, Eillen Borje, John C Allen
BACKGROUND: Globally, resources for genomic services vary. Current National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) breast and ovarian genetic/familial high risk assessment criteria for further genetic risk evaluation are useful, but lack specificity for reliably excluding patients with low a priori risk. This may result in patient overload in lesser-equipped genetics clinics. Since we use Manchester and the Breast and Ovarian Analysis of Disease Incidence and Carrier Estimation Algorithm (BOADICEA) risk assessment models in our genetics clinic to determine whether genetic testing is warranted, we chose Manchester and BOADICEA as the reference standard to compare how the NCCN breast and ovarian genetic/familial high risk assessment criteria for further genetic risk evaluation performs against these two risk assessment models in referring breast cancer patients for genetic evaluation...
February 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210508/scoping-review-on-maternal-health-among-immigrant-and-refugee-women-in-canada-prenatal-intrapartum-and-postnatal-care
#9
REVIEW
N Khanlou, N Haque, A Skinner, A Mantini, C Kurtz Landy
The last fifteen years have seen a dramatic increase in both the childbearing age and diversity of women migrating to Canada. The resulting health impact underscores the need to explore access to health services and the related maternal health outcome. This article reports on the results of a scoping review focused on migrant maternal health within the context of accessible and effective health services during pregnancy and following delivery. One hundred and twenty-six articles published between 2000 and 2016 that met our inclusion criteria and related to this group of migrant women, with pregnancy/motherhood status, who were living in Canada, were identified...
2017: Journal of Pregnancy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209376/-ethics-surrounding-the-provision-of-abortion-care
#10
REVIEW
Anibal Faúndes, Laura Miranda
The provision of abortion care represents a great ethical challenge to physicians, particularly in countries where the law states that abortion is a crime. The concept that it is a crime carries a stigma that is worse than that associated with other acts qualified by law as crimes. This stigma leads to at least two different kinds of unethical behavior. One is the refusal to provide safe abortion services to women who comply with the legal requirements, alleging conscientious objection, and the other is to discriminate against women with complications of induced abortion...
January 20, 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209282/intimate-partner-violence-screening-in-the-veterans-health-administration-demographic-and-military-service-characteristics
#11
Melissa E Dichter, Terri N Haywood, Anneliese E Butler, Scarlett L Bellamy, Katherine M Iverson
INTRODUCTION: Intimate partner violence (IPV) includes psychological, physical, or sexual aggression by a current or former intimate partner and is associated with a wide range of health and social impacts, especially for women. Women veterans may be at increased risk for experiencing IPV, and some Veterans Health Administration (VHA) facilities have initiated routine screening of female patients for past-year IPV. This study presents the first examination of clinical IPV screening responses recorded from female VHA patients across 13 facilities nationwide, and identifies associations with patient demographic and military service characteristics...
February 10, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209187/perceptions-and-experiences-of-pregnant-women-about-routine-hiv-testing-and-counselling-in-ghimbi-town-ethiopia-a-qualitative-study
#12
Israel Mitiku, Adamu Addissie, Mitike Molla
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia has implemented routine HIV testing and counselling using a provider initiated HIV testing ('opt-out' approach) to achieve high coverage of testing and prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV. However, women's perceptions and experiences with this approach have not been well studied. We conducted a qualitative study to explore pregnant women's perceptions and experiences of routine HIV testing and counselling in Ghimbi town, Ethiopia, in May 2013. In-depth interviews were held with 28 women tested for HIV at antenatal clinics (ANC), as well as four health workers involved in routine HIV testing and counselling...
February 16, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209173/moving-from-legality-to-reality-how-medical-abortion-methods-were-introduced-with-implementation-science-in-zambia
#13
Tamara Fetters, Ghazaleh Samandari, Patrick Djemo, Bellington Vwallika, Stephen Mupeta
BACKGROUND: Although abortion is technically legal in Zambia, the reality is far more complicated. This study describes the process and results of galvanizing access to medical abortion where abortion has been legal for many years, but provision severely limited. It highlights the challenges and successes of scaling up abortion care using implementation science to document 2 years of implementation. METHODS: An intervention between the Ministry of Health, University Teaching Hospital and the international organization Ipas, was established to introduce medical abortion and to address the lack of understanding and implementation of the country's abortion law...
February 16, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209152/municipal-resources-and-patient-outcomes-through-the-first-year-after-a-hip-fracture
#14
Sabine Ruths, Valborg Baste, Marit Stordal Bakken, Lars Birger Engesæter, Stein Atle Lie, Siren Haugland
BACKGROUND: Hip fractures represent major critical events for older people, and put huge demands on economic and personnel resources. Most hip fracture patients are in need of postoperative rehabilitation services. Through the Coordination Reform, the municipalities in Norway were given increased responsibility for community-based treatment and rehabilitation after surgery. The purpose of this study was to examine associations between municipal resources and patient outcomes through the first year after a hip fracture, focusing on survival and health-related quality of life...
February 16, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209120/factors-influencing-utilisation-of-maternal-health-services-by-adolescent-mothers-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#15
Oluwasola Eniola Banke-Thomas, Aduragbemi Oluwabusayo Banke-Thomas, Charles Anawo Ameh
BACKGROUND: Adolescent mothers aged 15-19 years are known to have greater risks of maternal morbidity and mortality compared with women aged 20-24 years, mostly due to their unique biological, sociological and economic status. Nowhere Is the burden of disease greater than in low-and middle-income countries (LMICs). Understanding factors that influence adolescent utilisation of essential maternal health services (MHS) would be critical in improving their outcomes. METHODS: We systematically reviewed the literature for articles published until December 2015 to understand how adolescent MHS utilisation has been assessed in LMICs and factors affecting service utilisation by adolescent mothers...
February 16, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207933/chorionic-villus-sampling-in-the-cell-free-dna-aneuploidy-screening-era-careful-selection-criteria-can-maximise-the-clinical-utility-of-screening-and-invasive-testing
#16
Stefan C Kane, Karen L Reidy, Fiona Norris, Deborah L Nisbet, Louise H Kornman, Ricardo Palma-Dias
OBJECTIVES: To quantify the impact of cell-free DNA (cfDNA) screening on chorionic villus sampling (CVS) test indications and outcomes in a tertiary maternity service. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of all CVS procedures performed for any indication on singleton pregnancies at The Royal Women's Hospital, Melbourne, and at Women's Ultrasound Melbourne, Australia, between August 2008 and February 2015. Karyotypes were classified according to pathogenicity and detectability by standard cell-free DNA screening panels...
February 16, 2017: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207749/determinants-of-first-trimester-attendance-at-antenatal-care-clinics-in-the-amazon-region-of-peru-a-case-control-study
#17
Nora Moore, Brittany Blouin, Hugo Razuri, Martin Casapia, Theresa W Gyorkos
OBJECTIVE: To identify determinants which influence the timing of the first antenatal care (ANC) visit in pregnant women. DESIGN: Retrospective matched nested case-control study. SETTING: Two health centres, Belén and 6 de Octubre, in the Peruvian Amazon. POPULATION: All pregnant women who had attended ANC during the years 2010, 2011, and 2012. METHODS: All cases (819 women initiating ANC in their first trimester) were selected from ANC registries from 2010 to 2012...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207337/engaging-human-rights-in-the-response-to-the-evolving-zika-virus-epidemic
#18
Jennifer J K Rasanathan, Sarah MacCarthy, Debora Diniz, Els Torreele, Sofia Gruskin
In late 2015, an increase in the number of infants born with microcephaly in poor communities in northeast Brazil prompted investigation of antenatal Zika infection as the cause. Zika now circulates in 69 countries, and has affected pregnancies of women in 29 countries. Public health officials, policymakers, and international organizations are considering interventions to address health consequences of the Zika epidemic. To date, public health responses have focused on mosquito vector eradication, sexual and reproductive health services, knowledge and technology including diagnostic test and vaccine development, and health system preparedness...
February 16, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207297/measuring-the-influence-of-legally-recognized-partnerships-on-the-health-and-well-being-of-same-sex-couples-utility-of-the-california-health-interview-survey
#19
William N Elwood, Veronica L Irvin, Qiankun Sun, Nancy Breen
PURPOSE: This study explored the utility of the California Health Interview Survey (CHIS) to compare health-related outcomes among gay men, lesbians, and heterosexuals who reported being in a legally recognized partnership. METHODS: We regressed sexual identity and marriage/legally recognized partnership status on seven different outcomes related to health insurance coverage, medical services access and use, and general health and well-being using CHIS data collected between 2009 and 2013...
February 16, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207156/integrating-community-based-family-planning-services-with-local-marine-conservation-initiatives-in-southwest-madagascar-changes-in-contraceptive-use-and-fertility
#20
Laura Robson, Martine Holston, Caroline Savitzky, Vik Mohan
This study assessed changes in contraceptive use and fertility between 2009 and 2013 in the Velondriake locally managed marine area of southwest Madagascar where marine conservation organization Blue Ventures began implementing an integrated health-environment program in 2007. The proportion of sexually active women aged 15 to 49 years using hormonal contraception and/or condoms during last intercourse increased more than twofold from 25 percent in 2009 to 59 percent in 2013. The number of births in the last 12 months per 1,000 women of reproductive age declined by 28 percent over the same period from 196 in 2009 to 141 in 2013...
February 16, 2017: Studies in Family Planning
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