keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Trypanosomiasis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920778/first-report-of-trypanosoma-evansi-infection-surra-in-a-puma-felis-concolor-of-lahore-zoo-pakistan
#1
Imran Rashid, Haroon Akbar, Mohamed Gharbi, Farooq Riaz, Saher Islam, Muhammad Baber Saleem, Sammuel Shahzad, Wasim Shehzad, Mariem Rouatbi, Kamran Ashraf
The blood protozoan Trypanosoma evansi, which is transmitted by biting flies, is frequently neglected due to subclinical infections. This report describes a case of trypanosomiasis due to T. evansi in a 9-yr-old male puma (Felis concolor) housed at the Lahore Zoo in Pakistan. Early in January 2015, this male puma presented with chronic lethargy, weight loss, incoordination, hyperthermia, anorexia, sunken eyes, and unthriftiness. Microscopic examination of Giemsa-stained blood smears showed numerous Trypanosoma parasites...
September 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919885/trypanosoma-cruzi-evades-the-complement-system-as-an-efficient-strategy-to-survive-in-the-mammalian-host-the-specific-roles-of-host-parasite-molecules-and-trypanosoma-cruzi-calreticulin
#2
REVIEW
Galia Ramírez-Toloza, Arturo Ferreira
American Trypanosomiasis is an important neglected reemerging tropical parasitism, infecting about 8 million people worldwide. Its agent, Trypanosoma cruzi, exhibits multiple mechanisms to evade the host immune response and infect host cells. An important immune evasion strategy of T. cruzi infective stages is its capacity to inhibit the complement system activation on the parasite surface, avoiding opsonizing, immune stimulating and lytic effects. Epimastigotes, the non-infective form of the parasite, present in triatomine arthropod vectors, are highly susceptible to complement-mediated lysis while trypomastigotes, the infective form, present in host bloodstream, are resistant...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917755/identification-of-trypanosomatids-by-detecting-single-nucleotide-fingerprints-using-dna-analysis-by-dynamic-chemistry-with-maldi-tof
#3
María Angélica Luque-González, Mavys Tabraue-Chávez, Bárbara López-Longarela, Rosario María Sánchez-Martín, Matilde Ortiz-González, Miguel Soriano-Rodríguez, José Antonio García-Salcedo, Salvatore Pernagallo, Juan José Díaz-Mochón
Protozoan parasites of the Trypanosomatidae family can cause devastating diseases in humans and animals, such as Human African Trypanosomiasis or Sleeping Sickness, Chagas disease and Leishmaniasis. Currently, there are molecular assays for detecting parasitic infections and their post-treatment monitoring based on nucleic acid amplification, but there are still certain limitations which limit the development of assays that can detect and discriminate between parasite infections with a single test. Here, we present the development of a novel molecular assay for the rapid identification of Trypanosomatids, integrating DNA analysis by dynamic chemistry in conjunction with Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization - Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry (MALDI-ToF)...
January 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902917/hsp70-j-protein-machinery-from-glossina-morsitans-morsitans-vector-of-african-trypanosomiasis
#4
Stephen J Bentley, Aileen Boshoff
Tsetse flies (Glossina spp.) are the sole vectors of the protozoan parasites of the genus Trypanosoma, the causative agents of African Trypanosomiasis. Species of Glossina differ in vector competence and Glossina morsitans morsitans is associated with transmission of Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense, which causes an acute and often fatal form of African Trypanosomiasis. Heat shock proteins are evolutionarily conserved proteins that play critical roles in proteostasis. The activity of heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) is regulated by interactions with its J-protein (Hsp40) co-chaperones...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880965/multiple-evolutionary-origins-of-trypanosoma-evansi-in-kenya
#5
Christine M Kamidi, Norah P Saarman, Kirstin Dion, Paul O Mireji, Collins Ouma, Grace Murilla, Serap Aksoy, Achim Schnaufer, Adalgisa Caccone
Trypanosoma evansi is the parasite causing surra, a form of trypanosomiasis in camels and other livestock, and a serious economic burden in Kenya and many other parts of the world. Trypanosoma evansi transmission can be sustained mechanically by tabanid and Stomoxys biting flies, whereas the closely related African trypanosomes T. brucei brucei and T. b. rhodesiense require cyclical development in tsetse flies (genus Glossina) for transmission. In this study, we investigated the evolutionary origins of T. evansi...
September 7, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871083/interspecies-quorum-sensing-in-co-infections-can-manipulate-trypanosome-transmission-potential
#6
Eleanor Silvester, Julie Young, Alasdair Ivens, Keith R Matthews
Quorum sensing (QS) is commonly used in microbial communities and some unicellular parasites to coordinate group behaviours (1,2) . An example is Trypanosoma brucei, which causes human African trypanosomiasis, as well as the livestock disease, nagana. Trypanosomes are spread by tsetse flies, their transmission being enabled by cell-cycle arrested 'stumpy forms' that are generated in a density-dependent manner in mammalian blood. QS is mediated through a small (<500 Da), non-proteinaceous, stable but unidentified 'stumpy induction factor' (3) , whose signal response pathway has been identified...
September 4, 2017: Nature Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870536/animal-african-trypanosomiasis-in-nigeria-a-long-way-from-elimination-eradication
#7
REVIEW
C Isaac, J A Ohiolei, F Ebhodaghe, I B Igbinosa, A A Eze
Animal African Trypanosomiasis (AAT) is a disease of livestock that directly hinders livestock production and therefore impedes the socio-economic development of sub-Saharan Africa. The establishment of the Pan-African Tsetse and Trypanosomiasis Eradication Campaign (PATTEC) was to enhance the goal of elimination and eradication of tsetse flies and AAT from endemic countries in Africa. In order to achieve AAT eradication, a five-step progressive control pathway (PCP) model has been proposed. The data presented in this report demonstrates that Nigeria is highly endemic of AAT and that it is yet to comprehensively approach the process of eradication as it is at the infancy stage of data gathering and processing...
September 8, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866983/patterns-of-tsetse-abundance-and-trypanosome-infection-rates-among-habitats-of-surveyed-villages-in-maasai-steppe-of-northern-tanzania
#8
Anibariki Ngonyoka, Paul S Gwakisa, Anna B Estes, Linda P Salekwa, Happiness J Nnko, Peter J Hudson, Isabella M Cattadori
BACKGROUND: Changes of land cover modify the characteristics of habitat, host-vector interaction and consequently infection rates of disease causing agents. In this paper, we report variations in tsetse distribution patterns, abundance and infection rates in relation to habitat types and age in the Maasai Steppe of northern Tanzania. In Africa, Tsetse-transmitted trypanosomiasis negatively impacted human life where about 40 million people are at risk of contracting the disease with dramatic socio-economical consequences, for instance, loss of livestock, animal productivity, and manpower...
September 4, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865997/functional-characterisation-of-the-methionine-sulfoxide-reductase-repertoire-in-trypanosoma-brucei
#9
Sergio A Guerrero, Diego G Arias, Matias S Cabeza, Michelle C Y Law, Maria D'Amico, Ambika Kumar, Shane R Wilkinson
To combat the deleterious effects that oxidation of the sulfur atom in methionine to sulfoxide may bring, aerobic cells express repair pathways involving methionine sulfoxide reductases (MSRs) to reverse the above reaction. Here, we show that Trypanosoma brucei, the causative agent of African trypanosomiasis, expresses two distinct trypanothione-dependent MSRs that can be distinguished from each other based on sequence, sub-cellular localisation and substrate preference. One enzyme found in the parasite's cytosol, shows homology to the MSRA family of repair proteins and preferentially metabolises the S epimer of methionine sulfoxide...
September 1, 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854189/a-dynamic-model-for-estimating-adult-female-mortality-from-ovarian-dissection-data-for-the-tsetse-fly-glossina-pallidipes-austen-sampled-in-zimbabwe
#10
Sarah F Ackley, John W Hargrove
Human and animal trypanosomiasis, spread by tsetse flies (Glossina spp), is a major public health concern in much of sub-Saharan Africa. The basic reproduction number of vector-borne diseases, such as trypanosomiasis, is a function of vector mortality rate. Robust methods for estimating tsetse mortality are thus of interest for understanding population and disease dynamics and for optimal control. Existing methods for estimating mortality in adult tsetse, from ovarian dissection data, often use invalid assumptions of the existence of a stable age distribution, and age-invariant mortality and capture probability...
August 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852088/quantitative-proteome-and-phosphoproteome-analyses-highlight-the-adherent-population-during-trypanosoma-cruzi-metacyclogenesis
#11
Juliana C Amorim, Michel Batista, Elizabeth S da Cunha, Aline C R Lucena, Carla V de Paula Lima, Karla Sousa, Marco A Krieger, Fabricio K Marchini
Trypanosoma cruzi metacyclogenesis is a natural process that occurs inside the triatomine vector and corresponds to the differentiation of non-infective epimastigotes into infective metacyclic trypomastigotes. The biochemical alterations necessary for the differentiation process have been widely studied with a focus on adhesion and nutritional stress. Here, using a mass spectrometry approach, a large-scale phospho(proteome) study was performed with the aim of understanding the metacyclogenesis processes in a quantitative manner...
August 29, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844893/tandem-affinity-purification-of-exosome-and-replication-factor-c-complexes-from-the-non-human-infectious-kinetoplastid-parasite-crithidia-fasciculata
#12
Wakisa Kipandula, Terry K Smith, Stuart A MacNeill
Kinetoplastid parasites are responsible for a range of diseases with significant global impact. Trypanosoma brucei and Trypanosoma cruzi cause human African trypanosomiasis and Chagas disease, respectively, while various Leishmania species are responsible for cutaneous, mucocutaneous and visceral leishmaniasis. Understanding the biology of these organisms is key for effective diagnosis, prophylaxis and treatment. The insect parasite Crithidia fasciculata offers a safe and low-cost alternative for studies of kinetoplastid biology...
August 24, 2017: Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835807/1-benzyl-3-aryl-2-thiohydantoin-derivatives-as-new-anti-trypanosoma-brucei-agents-sar-and-in-vivo-efficacy
#13
Andriy Buchynskyy, J Robert Gillespie, Zackary M Herbst, Ranae M Ranade, Frederick S Buckner, Michael H Gelb
A high throughput screening and subsequent hit validation identified compound 1 as an inhibitor of Trypanosoma brucei parasite growth. Extensive structure-activity relationship optimization based on antiparasitic activity led to the highly potent compounds, 1-(4-fluorobenzyl)-3-(4-dimethylamino-3-chlorophenyl)-2-thiohydantoin (68) and 1-(2-chloro-4-fluorobenzyl)-3-(4-dimethylamino-3-methoxyphenyl)-2-thiohydantoin (76), with a T. brucei EC50 of 3 and 2 nM, respectively. This represents >100-fold improvement in potency compared to compound 1...
August 10, 2017: ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827791/candidate-gene-polymorphisms-study-between-human-african-trypanosomiasis-clinical-phenotypes-in-guinea
#14
Justin Windingoudi Kaboré, Hamidou Ilboudo, Harry Noyes, Oumou Camara, Jacques Kaboré, Mamadou Camara, Mathurin Koffi, Veerle Lejon, Vincent Jamonneau, Annette MacLeod, Christiane Hertz-Fowler, Adrien Marie Gaston Belem, Enock Matovu, Bruno Bucheton, Issa Sidibe
BACKGROUND: Human African trypanosomiasis (HAT), a lethal disease induced by Trypanosoma brucei gambiense, has a range of clinical outcomes in its human host in West Africa: an acute form progressing rapidly to second stage, spontaneous self-cure and individuals able to regulate parasitaemia at very low levels, have all been reported from endemic foci. In order to test if this clinical diversity is influenced by host genetic determinants, the association between candidate gene polymorphisms and HAT outcome was investigated in populations from HAT active foci in Guinea...
August 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821016/expression-of-interferon-inducible-chemokines-and-sleep-wake-changes-during-early-encephalitis-in-experimental-african-trypanosomiasis
#15
Claudia Laperchia, Chiara Tesoriero, Paul F Seke-Etet, Valentina La Verde, Valeria Colavito, Gigliola Grassi-Zucconi, Jean Rodgers, Paul Montague, Peter G E Kennedy, Marina Bentivoglio
BACKGROUND: Human African trypanosomiasis or sleeping sickness, caused by the parasite Trypanosoma brucei, leads to neuroinflammation and characteristic sleep/wake alterations. The relationship between the onset of these alterations and the development of neuroinflammation is of high translational relevance, but remains unclear. This study investigates the expression of interferon (IFN)-γ and IFN-inducible chemokine genes in the brain, and the levels of CXCL10 in the serum and cerebrospinal fluid prior to and during the encephalitic stage of trypanosome infection, and correlates these with sleep/wake changes in a rat model of the disease...
August 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820708/clinical-spectrum-etiology-and-outcome-of-neurological-disorders-in-the-rural-hospital-of-mosango-the-democratic-republic-of-congo
#16
Deby Mukendi, Jean-Roger Lilo Kalo, Alain Mpanya, Luigi Minikulu, Tharcisse Kayembe, Pascal Lutumba, Barbara Barbé, Philippe Gillet, Jan Jacobs, Harry Van Loen, Cedric P Yansouni, François Chappuis, Raffaella Ravinetto, Kristien Verdonck, Marleen Boelaert, Andrea S Winkler, Emmanuel Bottieau
There is little published information on the epidemiology of neurological disorders in rural Central Africa, although the burden is considered to be substantial. This study aimed to investigate the pattern, etiology, and outcome of neurological disorders in children > 5 years and adults admitted to the rural hospital of Mosango, province of Kwilu, Democratic Republic of Congo, with a focus on severe and treatable infections of the central nervous system (CNS). From September 2012 to January 2015, 351 consecutive patients hospitalized for recent and/or ongoing neurological disorder were prospectively evaluated by a neurologist, subjected to a set of reference diagnostic tests in blood or cerebrospinal fluid, and followed-up for 3-6 months after discharge...
August 14, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807574/synthesis-and-evaluation-of-analogs-of-5-z-4-amino-2-butenyl-methylamino-5-deoxyadenosine-mdl-73811-or-abeado-an-inhibitor-of-s-adenosylmethionine-decarboxylase-with-antitrypanosomal-activity
#17
Anthony J Brockway, Oleg A Volkov, Casey C Cosner, Karen S MacMillan, Stephen A Wring, Thomas E Richardson, Michael Peel, Margaret A Phillips, Jef K De Brabander
We describe our efforts to improve the pharmacokinetic properties of a mechanism-based suicide inhibitor of the polyamine biosynthetic enzyme S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase (AdoMetDC), essential for the survival of the eukaryotic parasite Trypanosoma brucei responsible for Human African Trypanosomiasis (HAT). The lead compound, 5'-(((Z)-4-amino-2-butenyl)methylamino)-5'-deoxyadenosine (1, also known as MDL 73811, or AbeAdo), has curative efficacy at a low dosage in a hemolymphatic model of HAT but displayed no demonstrable effect in a mouse model of the CNS stage of HAT due to poor blood-brain barrier permeation...
August 3, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807005/first-records-of-triatoma-rubrofasciata-de-geer-1773-hemiptera-reduviidae-in-foshan-guangdong-province-southern-china
#18
Qin Liu, Yun-Hai Guo, Yi Zhang, Zheng-Bin Zhou, Liang-Liang Zhang, Dan Zhu, Xiao-Nong Zhou
BACKGROUND: Triatomines, also known as kissing bugs, which are found throughout the world and especially in Latin America, are well known natural vectors that transmit American trypanosomiasis, also called Chagas disease. In China, the presence of two species of Triatoma (Triatoma rubrofasciata and T. sinica) was recorded in the past. Due to the growing population and the increasing risk of the global spread of Chagas disease, triatomines became a potential public health nuisance, and in 2016, we started monitoring triatomine activities in southern China...
August 15, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804485/transcriptional-profiling-of-midguts-prepared-from-trypanosoma-t-congolense-positive-glossina-palpalis-palpalis-collected-from-two-distinct-cameroonian-foci-coordinated-signatures-of-the-midguts-remodeling-as-t-congolense-supportive-niches
#19
Jean M Tsagmo Ngoune, Flobert Njiokou, Béatrice Loriod, Ginette Kame-Ngasse, Nicolas Fernandez-Nunez, Claire Rioualen, Jacques van Helden, Anne Geiger
Our previous transcriptomic analysis of Glossina palpalis gambiensis experimentally infected or not with Trypanosoma brucei gambiense aimed to detect differentially expressed genes (DEGs) associated with infection. Specifically, we selected candidate genes governing tsetse fly vector competence that could be used in the context of an anti-vector strategy, to control human and/or animal trypanosomiasis. The present study aimed to verify whether gene expression in field tsetse flies (G. p. palpalis) is modified in response to natural infection by trypanosomes (T...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792090/distinct-activation-mechanisms-trigger-the-trypanocidal-activity-of-dna-damaging-prodrugs
#20
Emma Louise Meredith, Ambika Kumar, Aya Konno, Joanna Szular, Sam Alsford, Karin Seifert, David Horn, Shane R Wilkinson
Quinone-based compounds have been exploited to treat infectious diseases and cancer, with such chemicals often functioning as inhibitors of key metabolic pathways or as prodrugs. Here, we screened an aziridinyl-1,4-benzoquinone (ABQ) library against the causative agents of trypanosomiasis, and cutaneous leishmaniasis, identifying several potent structures that exhibited EC50 values of <100 nM. However, these compounds also displayed significant toxicity towards mammalian cells indicating that they are not suitable therapies for systemic infections...
August 9, 2017: Molecular Microbiology
keyword
keyword
20678
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"