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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078919/cultural-competence-in-medical-education-a-questionnaire-study-of-danish-medical-teachers-perceptions-of-and-preparedness-to-teach-cultural-competence
#1
Janne Sorensen, Signe Smith Jervelund, Marie Norredam, Maria Kristiansen, Allan Krasnik
AIMS: The cultural competence training of healthcare professionals is a key element in ensuring the quality of both the access and delivery of healthcare to increasingly ethnically diverse populations. The aim of this study is to investigate Danish medical teachers' opinions about cultural competence, their willingness to receive training and preparedness to teach cultural competence topics. METHODS: The survey was sent to medical teachers, clinical teachers and external lecturers who teach in the medical programme at the University of Copenhagen...
January 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077195/evidence-based-medicine-in-the-era-of-social-media-scholarly-engagement-through-participation-and-online-interaction
#2
Teresa Chan, N Seth Trueger, Damian Roland, Brent Thoma
The integration of new knowledge into clinical practice continues to lag behind discovery. The use of Free Open Access Medical education (FOAM) has disrupted communication between emergency physicians, making it easy for practicing clinicians to interact with colleagues from around the world to discuss the latest and highest impact research. FOAM has the potential to decrease the knowledge translation gap, but the concerns raised about its growing influence are 1) research that is translated too quickly may cause harm if its findings are incorrect; 2) there is little editorial oversight of online material; and 3) eminent online individuals may develop an outsized influence on clinical practice...
January 12, 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060226/barriers-to-care-and-1-year-mortality-among-newly-diagnosed-hiv-infected-people-in-durban-south-africa
#3
Ingrid V Bassett, Sharon M Coleman, Janet Giddy, MFamMed, Laura M Bogart, Christine E Chaisson, Douglas Ross, Moses J E Flash, Tessa Govender, Rochelle P Walensky, Kenneth A Freedberg, Elena Losina
BACKGROUND: Prompt entry into HIV care is often hindered by personal and structural barriers. Our objective was to evaluate the impact of self-perceived barriers to healthcare on 1-year mortality among newly diagnosed HIV-infected individuals in Durban, South Africa. METHODS: Prior to HIV testing at four outpatient sites, adults (≥18y) were surveyed regarding perceived barriers to care including: 1) service delivery; 2) financial; 3) personal health perception; 4) logistical; and 5) structural...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046695/mo-de-bra-03-the-ottawa-medical-physics-institute-ompi-a-practical-model-for-academic-program-collaboration-in-a-multi-centre-city
#4
M McEwen, D Rogers, P Johns/Sup
PURPOSE: To build a world-class medical physics educational program that capitalizes on expertise distributed over several clinical, government, and academic centres. Few if any of these centres would have the critical mass to solely resource a program. METHODS: In order to enable an academic program, stakeholders from five institutions made a proposal to Carleton University for a) a research network with defined membership requirements and a process for accepting new members, and b) a graduate specialization (MSc and PhD) in medical physics...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027164/meeting-the-needs-for-radiation-protection-diagnostic-imaging
#5
Donald P Frush
Radiation and potential risk during medical imaging is one of the foremost issues for the imaging community. Because of this, there are growing demands for accountability, including appropriate use of ionizing radiation in diagnostic and image-guided procedures. Factors contributing to this include increasing use of medical imaging; increased scrutiny (from awareness to alarm) by patients/caregivers and the public over radiation risk; and mounting calls for accountability from regulatory, accrediting, healthcare coverage (e...
February 2017: Health Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990293/vitamin-levels-in-adults-with-adhd
#6
Elisabeth Toverud Landaas, Tore Ivar Malmei Aarsland, Arve Ulvik, Anne Halmøy, Per Magne Ueland, Jan Haavik
BACKGROUND: Micronutrients containing vitamins are reported to reduce symptom levels in persons with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), but data on vitamin levels in ADHD are sparse. AIMS: To examine the relationship between vitamin concentrations, ADHD diagnosis and psychiatric symptoms in young adult ADHD patients and controls. METHOD: Eight vitamins and the nicotine metabolite cotinine were analysed in serum samples from 133 ADHD patients and 131 controls aged between 18 and 40, who also reported ADHD symptoms and comorbid conditions...
November 2016: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981436/understanding-the-relation-between-medical-students-collective-and-individual-trajectories-an-application-of-habitus
#7
Dorene F Balmer, Michael J Devlin, Boyd F Richards
INTRODUCTION: While medical educators typically attend to group trends, groups are made up of unique individuals. An exploration of Bourdieu's concept of habitus, defined as a system of dispositions, may help medical educators think relationally about the collective trajectory of the group and the individual trajectory of each student. METHODS: We built on our 4‑year, longitudinal study which reported how field, capital, and habitus worked together to explain how medical students, as a group, navigated transitions in undergraduate medical education...
December 15, 2016: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917306/education-and-training-of-emergency-medical-teams-recommendations-for-a-global-operational-learning-framework
#8
Nieves Amat Camacho, Amy Hughes, Frederick M Burkle, Pier Luigi Ingrassia, Luca Ragazzoni, Anthony Redmond, Ian Norton, Johan von Schreeb
An increasing number of international emergency medical teams are deployed to assist disaster-affected populations worldwide. Since Haiti earthquake those teams have been criticised for ill adapted care, lack of preparedness in addition to not coordinating with the affected country healthcare system. The Emergency Medical Teams (EMTs) initiative, as part of the Word Health Organization's Global Health Emergency Workforce program, aims to address these shortcomings by improved EMT coordination, and mechanisms to ensure quality and accountability of national and international EMTs...
October 21, 2016: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884056/community-assets-and-capabilities-to-recruit-and-retain-gps-the-community-apgar-questionnaire-in-rural-victoria
#9
Daniel R Terry, Ed Baker, David F Schmitz
INTRODUCTION: Rural communities continue to experience significant challenges recruiting and retaining physicians. The Community Apgar Questionnaire (CAQ) was developed in Idaho in the USA to comprehensively assess the characteristics associated with successful recruitment and retention of rural physicians. The CAQ has been utilised and validated across the USA; however, its value in rural Australia has not been examined. The objective of this study was to use the CAQ in rural Australia to examine its utility and develop a greater understanding of the community factors that impact general practitioner (GP) recruitment and retention...
October 2016: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872121/qualitative-study-of-physicians-varied-uses-of-biomedical-research-in-the-usa
#10
Lauren A Maggio, Laura L Moorhead, John M Willinsky
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the nature of physicians' use of research evidence in experimental conditions of open access to inform training and policy. DESIGN: This qualitative study was a component of a larger mixed-methods initiative that provided 336 physicians with relatively complete access to research literature via PubMed and UpToDate, for 1 year via an online portal, with their usage recorded in web logs. Using a semistructured interview protocol, a subset of 38 physician participants were interviewed about their use of research articles in general and were probed about their reasons for accessing specific articles as identified through their web logs...
November 21, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871239/lesbian-womens-access-to-healthcare-experiences-with-and-expectations-towards-gps-in-german-primary-care
#11
Oliver Hirsch, Karina Löltgen, Annette Becker
BACKGROUND: Lesbian women have higher rates of physical and psychiatric disorders associated with experiences of discrimination, homophobia and difficulties with coming out. Therefore, easy access to specialized healthcare in an open atmosphere is needed. We aimed to describe women's access to and experiences with healthcare in Germany, and to assess the responsibility of the general practitioner (GP) compared to other specialities providing primary health care. METHODS: A questionnaire study was conducted via internet and paper-based sampling...
November 21, 2016: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816924/men-s-knowledge-of-their-own-fertility-a-population-based-survey-examining-the-awareness-of-factors-that-are-associated-with-male-infertility
#12
D Daumler, P Chan, K C Lo, J Takefman, P Zelkowitz
STUDY QUESTION: How knowledgeable are men about the medical, environmental and psychological factors that are associated with male infertility? SUMMARY ANSWER: Men, across most demographic groups, have limited knowledge of the various factors that are associated with male infertility. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Few surveys have focused on men's knowledge of their own fertility. Studies of both men and women have found that men are comparatively less knowledgeable about issues of fertility and reproductive health...
November 5, 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805948/from-infancy-to-adolescence-the-kansas-university-school-of-medicine-salina-a-rural-medical-campus-story
#13
William Cathcart-Rake, Michael Robinson, Anthony Paolo
The University of Kansas School of Medicine established a rural regional campus in Salina, Kansas, in 2011. The creation of a four-year medical campus of only 32 total students in a town of less than 50,000 inhabitants appeared to contradict all previous practices where medical schools have been situated in large metropolitan cities with student bodies frequently in the hundreds. The rationale to open the Salina campus was to attract medical students with a desire to train in a rural environment, hoping that many would eventually elect to practice primary care in rural Kansas...
November 1, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798038/evaluating-a-community-based-exercise-intervention-with-adults-living-with-hiv-protocol-for-an-interrupted-time-series-study
#14
Kelly K O'Brien, Ahmed M Bayoumi, Patricia Solomon, Ada Tang, Kate Murzin, Soo Chan Carusone, Mehdi Zobeiry, Ayesha Nayar, Aileen M Davis
INTRODUCTION: Our aim was to evaluate a community-based exercise (CBE) intervention with the goal of reducing disability and enhancing health for community-dwelling people living with HIV (PLWH). METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will use a mixed-methods implementation science study design, including a prospective longitudinal interrupted time series study, to evaluate a CBE intervention with PLWH in Toronto, Canada. We will recruit PLWH who consider themselves medically stable and safe to participate in exercise...
October 20, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790389/use-of-free-open-access-medical-education-and-perceived-emergency-medicine-educational-needs-among-rural-physicians-in-southwestern-ontario
#15
Alex Folkl, Teresa Chan, Elaine Blau
Free, open access medical education (FOAM) has the potential to revolutionize continuing medical education, particularly for rural physicians who practice emergency medicine (EM) as part of a generalist practice. However, there has been little study of rural physicians' educational needs since the advent of FOAM. We asked how rural physicians in Southwestern Ontario obtained their continuing EM education. We asked them to assess their perceived level of comfort in different areas of EM. To understand how FOAM resources might serve the rural EM community, we compared their responses with urban emergency physicians...
September 21, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789874/a-web-based-knowledge-management-system-integrating-western-and-traditional-chinese-medicine-for-relational-medical-diagnosis
#16
Maria C Herrera-Hernandez, Susana K Lai-Yuen, Les A Piegl, Xiao Zhang
This article presents the design of a web-based knowledge management system as a training and research tool for the exploration of key relationships between Western and Traditional Chinese Medicine, in order to facilitate relational medical diagnosis integrating these mainstream healing modalities. The main goal of this system is to facilitate decision-making processes, while developing skills and creating new medical knowledge. Traditional Chinese Medicine can be considered as an ancient relational knowledge-based approach, focusing on balancing interrelated human functions to reach a healthy state...
October 26, 2016: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785342/egender-from-e-learning-to-e-research-a-web-based-interactive-knowledge-sharing-platform-for-sex-and-gender-specific-medical-education
#17
EDITORIAL
Ute Seeland, Ahmad T Nauman, Alissa Cornelis, Sabine Ludwig, Mathias Dunkel, Georgios Kararigas, Vera Regitz-Zagrosek
BACKGROUND: Sex and Gender Medicine is a novel discipline that provides equitable medical care for society and improves outcomes for both male and female patients. The integration of sex- and gender-specific knowledge into medical curricula is limited due to adequate learning material, systematic teacher training and an innovative communication strategy. We aimed at initiating an e-learning and knowledge-sharing platform for Sex and Gender Medicine, the eGender platform (http://egender...
2016: Biology of Sex Differences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771204/-cme-mmc-evaluation-of-a-continuous-medical-education-tool-by-e-learning-from-the-morbi-mortality-conferences-of-the-burgundy
#18
M Serrand, A Lefèbvre, T Desplanches, A Yacoub, D Semama, P Sagot
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to validate a continuing medical education e-learning tool. METHODS: The CME MMC was for all health professionals maternity Burgundy and concerned regional morbidity and mortality conferences. It was divided into steps: a pre-test for an assessment of initial knowledge, an access to the recommendations of each RMM and a post-test to assess the progress of participants. A satisfaction questionnaire was proposed after the test...
October 19, 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752638/free-open-access-medical-education-a-critical-appraisal-of-techniques-for-quality-assessment-and-content-discovery
#19
Andrew Grock, William Paolo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Clinical and Experimental Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749790/revised-national-pressure-ulcer-advisory-panel-pressure-injury-staging-system-revised-pressure-injury-staging-system
#20
Laura E Edsberg, Joyce M Black, Margaret Goldberg, Laurie McNichol, Lynn Moore, Mary Sieggreen
Our understanding of pressure injury etiology and development has grown in recent years through research, clinical expertise, and global interdisciplinary expert collaboration. Therefore, the National Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel (NPUAP) has revised the definition and stages of pressure injury. The revision was undertaken to incorporate the current understanding of the etiology of pressure injuries, as well as to clarify the anatomical features present or absent in each stage of injury. An NPUAP-appointed Task Force reviewed the literature and created drafts of definitions, which were then reviewed by stakeholders and the public, including clinicians, educators, and researchers around the world...
November 2016: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
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