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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306372/twitter-journal-clubs-and-continuing-professional-development-an-analysis-of-a-medradjclub-tweet-chat
#1
A Bolderston, J Watson, N Woznitza, A Westerink, L Di Prospero, G Currie, C Beardmore, J Hewis
INTRODUCTION: Online Twitter journal clubs are a recent and popular innovation with the potential to increase research awareness and inform practice. The medical radiation sciences' MedRadJournalClub (MJRC) is a Twitter-based event that attracts a global group of participants at the monthly chats. An analysis of a recent MedRadJournalClub discussion evaluated the perceived benefits and limitations of medical radiation practitioners participating in an online journal club. METHODS: The February 2017 chat used for analysis was based on the Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Sciences article by Currie et al...
February 2018: Radiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238826/a-re-engineered-software-interface-and-workflow-for-the-open-source-simvascular-cardiovascular-modeling-package
#2
Hongzhi Lan, Adam Updegrove, Nathan Wilson, Gabriel D Maher, Shawn C Shadden, Alison Marsden
Patient-specific simulation plays an important role in cardiovascular disease research, diagnosis, surgical planning and medical device design, as well as education in cardiovascular biomechanics. SimVascular is an open-source software package encompassing an entire cardiovascular modeling and simulation pipeline from image segmentation, 3D solid modeling, and mesh generation, to patient-specific simulation and analysis. SimVascular is widely used for cardiovascular basic science and clinical research as well as education, following increased adoption by users and development of a GATEWAY web portal to facilitate educational access...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232182/design-and-technical-validation-of-a-telemedicine-service-for-rural-healthcare-in-ecuador
#3
Leonel A Vasquez-Cevallos, Jana Bobokova, Patricia V González-Granda, José M Iniesta, Enrique J Gómez, M Elena Hernando
BACKGROUND: Telemedicine is becoming increasingly important in Ecuador, especially in areas such as rural primary healthcare and medical education. Rural telemedicine programs in the country need to be strengthened by means of a technological platform adapted to local surroundings and offering advantages such as access to specialized care, continuing education, and so on, combined with modest investment requirements. INTRODUCTION: This present article presents the design of a Telemedicine Platform (TMP) for rural healthcare services in Ecuador and a preliminary technical validation with medical students and teachers...
December 12, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224856/controlled-searching-in-reversibly-de-identified-medical-imaging-archives
#4
Jorge Miguel Silva, Eduardo Pinho, Eriksson Monteiro, João Figueira Silva, Carlos Costa
Nowadays, digital medical imaging in healthcare has become a fundamental tool for medical diagnosis. This growth has been accompanied by the development of technologies and standards, such as the DICOM standard and PACS. This environment led to the creation of collaborative projects where there is a need to share medical data between different institutions for research and educational purposes. In this context, it is necessary to maintain patient data privacy and provide an easy and secure mechanism for authorized personnel access...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216841/medical-overuse-and-quaternary-prevention-in-primary-care-a-qualitative-study-with-general-practitioners
#5
Kathrin Alber, Thomas Kuehlein, Angela Schedlbauer, Susann Schaffer
BACKGROUND: Medical overuse is a topic of growing interest in health care systems and especially in primary care. It comprises both over investigation and overtreatment. Quaternary prevention strategies aim at protecting patients from unnecessary or harmful medicine. The objective of this study was to gain a deeper understanding of relevant aspects of medical overuse in primary care from the perspective of German general practitioners (GPs). We focused on the scope, consequences and drivers of medical overuse and strategies to reduce it (=quaternary prevention)...
December 8, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207744/awareness-of-presbyopia-among-rural-female-population-in-north-karnataka
#6
Charushila V Gajapati, A V Pradeep, Anupama Kakhandaki, R K Praveenchandra, Sanjana Rao
Introduction: Presbyopia is an age related loss of lens accommodation resulting in inability to read and/write or to do near work. Though literacy level may be low in rural female population of South India, but household works like sewing, sorting grains and operating mobile phones must be difficult due to presbyopia. Aim: To determine the awareness of presbyopia in rural females; also, to determine the knowledge levels regarding presbyopia, spectacle coverage and reasons for not wearing spectacles...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181421/sociodemographic-and-clinical-factors-associated-with-increasing-bacterial-sexually-transmitted-infection-diagnoses-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-accessing-care-at-a-boston-community-health-center-2005-2015
#7
Kenneth H Mayer, Kevin M Maloney, Kenneth Levine, Dana King, Chris Grasso, Douglas S Krakower, Eli S Rosenberg, Stephen L Boswell
Background: The reasons why bacterial sexually transmitted infections (BSTIs) are increasing in US men who have sex with men (MSM) have not been fully characterized. Methods: An open cohort of MSM accessing medical care at a Boston community health center was used to assess secular trends in BSTI diagnoses. Frequency of infection and the estimated population size were used to calculate diagnosis rates. Poisson models were fit for multivariable analyses. Results: Between 2005 and 2015, 19 232 men had at least 1 clinic visit...
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163982/individual-differences-in-schizophrenia
#8
Edmund T Rolls, Wenlian Lu, Lin Wan, Hao Yan, Chuanyue Wang, Fude Yang, Yunlong Tan, Lingjiang Li, Hao Yu, Peter F Liddle, Lena Palaniyappan, Dai Zhang, Weihua Yue, Jianfeng Feng
Background: Whether there are distinct subtypes of schizophrenia is an important issue to advance understanding and treatment of schizophrenia. Aims: To understand and treat individuals with schizophrenia, the aim was to advance understanding of differences between individuals, whether there are discrete subtypes, and how first-episode patients (FEP) may differ from multiple episode patients (MEP). Method: These issues were analysed in 687 FEP and 1880 MEP with schizophrenia using the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale for (PANSS) schizophrenia before and after antipsychotic medication for 6 weeks...
November 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140917/medical-trainees-experiences-of-treating-people-with-chronic-pain-a-lost-opportunity-for-medical-education
#9
Kathleen Rice, Jae Eun Ryu, Cynthia Whitehead, Joel Katz, Fiona Webster
PURPOSE: Evidence suggests that physicians' opinions about chronic pain patients become progressively negative over the course of medical training, leading to a decline in empathy for these patients. Few qualitative studies have focused on this issue and thus the experiences shaping this process remain unexplored. This study addressed how medical trainees learn about chronic pain management through informal and formal curricula. METHOD: This study adopted a descriptive qualitative interview-based approach informed by the theoretical lens of the hidden curriculum...
November 14, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130399/recent-trends-in-publications-of-us-vascular-surgery-program-directors
#10
Afsha Aurshina, Anil Hingorani, Amrit Hingorani, Ayisha Zainab, Natalie Marks, Sheila Blumberg, Enrico Ascher
Objective In order to examine the academic productivity of US vascular surgery program directors, the number of vascular publications listed in PubMed from 2001 to 2015 for US vascular surgery program directors was reviewed. We suggest that this can be used as a benchmark for academic productivity. Methods The names of the program directors were taken from the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) website at two time points: December 2009 (Independent Programs) and December 2015 (Independent + Integrated)...
January 1, 2017: Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113565/using-learning-analytics-to-evaluate-a-video-based-lecture-series
#11
K H Vincent Lau, Pue Farooque, Gary Leydon, Michael L Schwartz, R Mark Sadler, Jeremy J Moeller
BACKGROUND: The video-based lecture (VBL), an important component of the flipped classroom (FC) and massive open online course (MOOC) approaches to medical education, has primarily been evaluated through direct learner feedback. Evaluation may be enhanced through learner analytics (LA) - analysis of quantitative audience usage data generated by video-sharing platforms. METHODS AND RESULTS: We applied LA to an experimental series of ten VBLs on electroencephalography (EEG) interpretation, uploaded to YouTube in the model of a publicly accessible MOOC...
November 7, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091235/predicting-trans-inclusive-attitudes-of-undergraduate-nursing-students
#12
Chris Brown, Chad J Keller, Jenna M Brownfield, Rebekah Lee
BACKGROUND: Research informs that transgender individuals experience harsh and negative experiences when accessing medical care. As a person of contact, nurses serve a key role in providing a sense of emotional safety for transgender patients. METHOD: Undergraduate nursing students (N = 265) completed an online survey assessing transprejudice attitudes and other individual-difference variables (e.g., openness to experience, attribution of cause for being transgender, and empathic concern)...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089291/comparison-of-the-impact-of-wikipedia-uptodate-and-a-digital-textbook-on-short-term-knowledge-acquisition-among-medical-students-randomized-controlled-trial-of-three-web-based-resources
#13
Michael A Scaffidi, Rishad Khan, Christopher Wang, Daniela Keren, Cindy Tsui, Ankit Garg, Simarjeet Brar, Kamesha Valoo, Michael Bonert, Jacob F de Wolff, James Heilman, Samir C Grover
BACKGROUND: Web-based resources are commonly used by medical students to supplement curricular material. Three commonly used resources are UpToDate (Wolters Kluwer Inc), digital textbooks, and Wikipedia; there are concerns, however, regarding Wikipedia's reliability and accuracy. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of Wikipedia use on medical students' short-term knowledge acquisition compared with UpToDate and a digital textbook. METHODS: This was a prospective, nonblinded, three-arm randomized trial...
October 31, 2017: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076970/improving-the-clinical-skills-performance-of-graduating-medical-students-using-wise-oncall-a-multimedia-educational-module
#14
Demian Szyld, Kristen Uquillas, Brad R Green, Steven D Yavner, Hyuksoon Song, Michael W Nick, Grace M Ng, Martin V Pusic, Thomas S Riles, Adina Kalet
INTRODUCTION: "Transitions to residency" programs are designed to maximize quality and safety of patient care, as medical students become residents. However, best instructional or readiness assessment practices are not yet established. We sought to study the impact of a screen-based interactive curriculum designed to prepare interns to address common clinical coverage issues (WISE OnCall) on the clinical skills demonstrated in simulation and hypothesize that performance would improve after completing the module...
December 2017: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054933/social-media-enabled-learning-in-emergency-medicine-a-case-study-of-the-growth-engagement-and-impact-of-a-free-open-access-medical-education-blog
#15
Simon Carley, Iain Beardsell, Natalie May, Liz Crowe, Janos Baombe, Alan Grayson, Richard Carden, Ashley Liebig, Chris Gray, Ross Fisher, Daniel Horner, Laura Howard, Richard Body
BACKGROUND: Clinicians are increasingly using social media for professional development and education. In 2012, we developed the St.Emlyn's blog, an open access resource dedicated to providing free education in the field of emergency medicine. OBJECTIVE: To describe the development and growth of this international emergency medicine blog. METHOD: We present a narrative description of the development of St.Emlyn's blog. Data on scope, impact and engagement were extracted from WordPress, Twitter and Google Analytics...
October 20, 2017: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045273/oneflorida-clinical-research-consortium-linking-a-clinical-and-translational-science-institute-with-a-community-based-distributive-medical-education-model
#16
Elizabeth Shenkman, Myra Hurt, William Hogan, Olveen Carrasquillo, Steven Smith, Andrew Brickman, David Nelson
PROBLEM: Developing a national pragmatic clinical trial infrastructure is central to understanding the effectiveness of interventions applied under usual conditions and where people receive health care. To address this challenge, three Florida universities- the University of Florida Clinical and Translational Science Institute, Florida State University (with its community-based distributive medical education model), and the University of Miami-created (2010-2013) a statewide consortium, the OneFlorida Clinical Research Consortium, to support the conduct of pragmatic clinical trials and provide mentored research experiences for medical and graduate students in real-world practice settings...
October 17, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028755/finding-resolution-for-the-responsible-transparency-of-economic-models-in-health-and-medicine
#17
William V Padula, Robert Brett McQueen, Peter J Pronovost
The Second Panel on Cost-Effectiveness in Health and Medicine recommendations for conduct, methodological practices, and reporting of cost-effectiveness analyses has a number of questions unanswered with respect to the implementation of transparent, open source code interface for economic models. The possibility of making economic model source code could be positive and progressive for the field; however, several unintended consequences of this system should be first considered before complete implementation of this model...
November 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025838/association-between-childhood-allergic-diseases-educational-attainment-and-occupational-status-in-later-life-systematic-review-protocol
#18
Laura Beate von Kobyletzki, Linda Beckman, Liam Smeeth, Martin McKee, Jennifer K Quint, Katrina Abuabara, Sinead Langan
INTRODUCTION: Childhood allergic diseases may prevent affected children from achieving their academic potential. Potential mechanisms include absence from school due to illness and medical appointments. Experience of symptoms in classes or leisure time, and stigma associated with visible signs and symptoms, including skin disease, requirements for medication during school time or the need for specific diets, may also contribute to reduced educational attainment. Studies have investigated the association between specific allergic diseases and educational attainment...
October 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991846/a-multi-institutional-longitudinal-faculty-development-program-in-humanism-supports-the-professional-development-of-faculty-teachers
#19
William T Branch, Richard M Frankel, Janet P Hafler, Amy B Weil, MaryAnn C Gilligan, Debra K Litzelman, Margaret Plews-Ogan, Elizabeth A Rider, Lars G Osterberg, Dana Dunne, Natalie B May, Arthur R Derse
The authors describe the first 11 academic years (2005-2006 through 2016-2017) of a longitudinal, small-group faculty development program for strengthening humanistic teaching and role modeling at 30 U.S. and Canadian medical schools that continues today. During the yearlong program, small groups of participating faculty met twice monthly with a local facilitator for exercises in humanistic teaching, role modeling, and related topics that combined narrative reflection with skills training using experiential learning techniques...
October 3, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959452/predicting-early-transition-from-sub-syndromal-presentations-to-major-mental-disorders
#20
Shane P M Cross, Jan Scott, Ian B Hickie
BACKGROUND: Transition from at-risk state to full syndromal mental disorders is underexplored for unipolar and bipolar disorders compared with psychosis. AIMS: Prospective, trans-diagnostic study of rates and predictors of early transition from sub-threshold to full syndromal mental disorder. METHOD: One-year outcome of 243 consenting youth aged 15-25 years with a sub-syndromal presentation of a potentially severe mental disorder. Survival analysis and odds ratio (OR) for predictors of transition identified from baseline clinical and demographic ratings...
September 2017: BJPsych Open
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