Read by QxMD icon Read


Yingze Zhang, Inna Belfer, Mehdi Nouraie, Qilu Zeng, Ruchika Goel, Yanxia Chu, Inna Krasiy, Lakshmanan Krishnamurti
Background: Vaso-occlusive pain episodes (VOEs) are the hallmark of sickle cell disease (SCD), and our current understanding of disease biology, treatment, and psychological covariates does not adequately explain the variability of pain in SCD. Functional variants in catechol- O -methyltransferase ( COMT ) gene contribute to variability in pain perception, but their impact on pain perception in African American SCD patients is not well known. Methods: We studied COMT single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) rs6269, rs4633, rs4818, rs4680, and rs165599 to determine their relationship to patient self-reported pain, the number of acute VOEs, and their impact on daily life and health care utilization in 438 hemoglobin SS patients who participated in the walk-PHaSST study...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
Harleen Chhabra, Venkataram Shivakumar, Manjula Subbanna, Sunil V Kalmady, Anushree Bose, Sri Mahavir Agarwal, Vanteemar S Sreeraj, Damodharan Dinakaran, Janardhanan C Narayanaswamy, Monojit Debnath, Ganesan Venkatasubramanian
OBJECTIVE: Recent observations demonstrate a significant ameliorative effect of add-on transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHs) in schizophrenia. Of the many SNPs, NRG1 rs35753505 and catechol-o-methyl transferase (COMT) rs4680 polymorphisms have shown to have a strong association with neuroplasticity effect in schizophrenia. METHODS: Schizophrenia patients (n=32) with treatment resistant auditory hallucinations were administered with an add-on tDCS...
March 21, 2018: Acta Neuropsychiatrica
Irena Mladenovic, Jelena Krunic, Gordana Supic, Ruzica Kozomara, Dejan Bokonjic, Nikola Stojanovic, Zvonko Magic
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the associations of variability in pulp sensitivity with sex, psychosocial variables, the gene that encodes for the enzyme catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT), and chronic painful conditions (temporomandibular disorders [TMDs]). METHODS: The study was composed of 97 subjects (68 women and 29 men aged 20-44 years). The electric (electric pulp tester) and cold (refrigerant spray) stimuli were performed on mandibular lateral incisors...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Endodontics
Ivana Glavina Jelaš, Ivan Dević, Dalibor Karlović
BACKGROUND: the objective of this study was to examine the associations between Cloninger temperament and character dimensions with the DAT1 VNTR and COMT Val158Met polymorphisms. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study was conducted on 101 subjects, consisting of students of the Police College in Zagreb and staff of the Sestre Milosrdnice University Hospital in Zagreb. The Cloninger Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) was used to test personality traits. RESULTS: A main effect of the DAT1 VNTR polymorphism was found on the subscale self-directedness - SD2 (F=5...
March 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Kathleen E Hupfeld, David E Vaillancourt, Rachael D Seidler
Mobility and memory declines with aging can limit independence. Several single-nucleotide polymorphisms have been associated with cognitive performance, but studies investigating motor function are scant. We examined 4 single-nucleotide polymorphisms involved in dopaminergic metabolism: BDNF (Val66Met), DRD3 (Ser9Gly), DBH (C>T), and COMT (Val158Met) for their relationship to motor and cognitive function in healthy older adults (n = 4605 and n = 7331) who participated in the U.S. Health and Retirement Study...
February 10, 2018: Neurobiology of Aging
Maria Wielsøe, Hans Eiberg, Mandana Ghisari, Peder Kern, Ole Lind, Eva Cecilie Bonefeld-Jørgensen
The present study investigated the effects of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in xenobiotic and steroid hormone-metabolizing genes in relation to breast cancer risk and explored possible effect modifications on persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and breast cancer associations. The study also assessed effects of Greenlandic BRCA1 founder mutations. Greenlandic Inuit women (77 cases and 84 controls) were included. We determined two founder mutations in BRCA1: Cys39Gly (rs80357164) and 4684delCC, and five SNPs in xenobiotic and oestrogen-metabolizing genes: CYP17A1 -34T>C (rs743572), CYP19A1 *19C>T (rs10046), CYP1A1 Ile462Val (rs1048943), CYP1B Leu432Val (rs1056836) and COMT Val158Met (rs4680)...
March 6, 2018: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
Lauren D Hill, Margaret S Lorenzetti, Sarah M Lyle, Ana I Fins, Aurélien Tartar, Jaime L Tartar
Introduction: We tested the extent to which the catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) Val158Met polymorphism is associated with affective state and evening cortisol levels. We limited our study to women as previous research suggests that the link between COMT genotype and psychological health is entangled by sex differences. Materials and Methods: The participants were assessed on measures of anxiety, mood disturbance, depressive symptomatology, and perceived stress...
February 2018: Brain and Behavior
Joel J Bruegger, Brian C Smith, Sarah L Wynia-Smith, Michael A Marletta
Cysteine S-nitrosation is a reversible posttranslational modification mediated by nitric oxide (·NO)-derived agents. S-nitrosation participates in cellular signaling and is associated with several diseases such as cancer, cardiovascular diseases, and neuronal disorders. Despite the physiological importance of this nonclassical ·NO signaling pathway, little is understood about how much S-nitrosation affects protein function. Moreover, identifying physiologically relevant targets of S-nitrosation is difficult because of the dynamics of transnitrosation and a limited understanding of the physiological mechanisms leading to selective protein S-nitrosation...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Shraddha Sapkota, Roger A Dixon
BACKGROUND: Trajectories of complex neurocognitive phenotypes in preclinical aging may be produced differentially through selective and interactive combinations of genetic risk. OBJECTIVE: We organize three possible combinations into a "network" of genetic risk indices derived from polymorphisms associated with normal and impaired cognitive aging, as well as Alzheimer's disease (AD). Specifically, we assemble and examine three genetic clusters relevant to non-demented cognitive trajectories: 1) Apolipoprotein E (APOE), 2) a Cognitive Aging Genetic Risk Score (CA-GRS; Catechol-O-methyltransferase + Brain-derived neurotrophic factor), and 3) an AD-Genetic Risk Score (AD-GRS; Clusterin + Complement receptor 1 + Phosphatidylinositol-binding clathrin assembly protein)...
2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
Frédéric Aubrun, Noël Zahr, Olivier Langeron, Nicolas Boccheciampe, Nathalie Cozic, Lisa Belin, Jean-Sebastien Hulot, Frederic Khiami, Bruno Riou
BACKGROUND: Among the various factors that may influence the pharmacological response to opioids, genetic polymorphisms [single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP)] have generated some interest. OBJECTIVES: To examine the influence on morphine dose requirements and adverse events in the postoperative period of four SNP [opioid receptor mu1 (OPRM1), ATP-binding cassette subfamily B, member 1 (ABCB1) ex-21 and ex-26, catechol-o-methyltransferase (COMT)] in candidate genes involved in morphine pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics...
February 22, 2018: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
Ramin Saravani, Hamid Reza Galavi, Marzieh Lotfian Sargazi
Objective: Several studies have shown that some polymorphisms of genes encoding catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT), the key enzyme in degrading dopamine, and norepinephrine and the human brain-derived neurotropic factor (BDNF), a nerve growth factor, are strong candidates for risk of schizophrenia (SCZ). In the present study, we aimed at examining the effects of COMT Val158Met (G>A) and BDNF Val66Met (G>A) polymorphisms on SCZ risk in a sample of Iranian population. Method: This case- control study included 92 SCZ patients and 92 healthy controls (HCs)...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
Amandine Valomon, Sebastian C Holst, Alessandro Borrello, Susanne Weigend, Thomas Müller, Wolfgang Berger, Michael Sommerauer, Christian R Baumann, Hans-Peter Landolt
Tolcapone, a brain penetrant selective inhibitor of catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) devoid of psychostimulant properties, improves cognition and cortical information processing in rested volunteers, depending on the genotype of the functional Val158Met polymorphism of COMT. The impact of this common genetic variant on behavioral and neurophysiological markers of increased sleep need after sleep loss is controversial. Here we investigated the potential usefulness of tolcapone to mitigate consequences of sleep deprivation on lapses of sustained attention, and tested the hypothesis that dopamine signaling in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) causally contributes to neurobehavioral and neurophysiological markers of sleep homeostasis in humans...
February 5, 2018: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
Fernanda Maria Martins, Aletéia de Paula Souza, Paulo Ricardo Prado Nunes, Márcia Antoniazi Michelin, Eddie Fernando Candido Murta, Elisabete Aparecida Mantovani Rodrigues Resende, Erick Prado de Oliveira, Fábio Lera Orsatti
OBJECTIVE: This study compared the effects of 12 weeks of high-intensity interval body weight training (HIBWT) with combined training (COMT; aerobic and resistance exercises on body composition, a 6-minute walk test (6MWT; physical performance), insulin resistance (IR) and inflammatory markers in postmenopausal women (PW) at high risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (TDM2). METHODS: In this randomized controlled clinical study, 16 PW at high risk of TDM2 were randomly allocated into two groups: HIBWT (n = 8) and COMT (n = 8)...
February 19, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
O A Makharin, V M Zhenilo, O Yu Patyuchenko
Quality anesthesia during surgery and in the postoperative period remains a topical problem of modern anesthesiology. The study of genetic characteristics of a patient is a goal that may be allow us to develop a personalized approach to solve this problem. The purpose of the review is a synthesis of literature data about the influence of genetic factors on pain perception and its treatment. The review included information obtained from SCOPUS, MedLine, EMBASE. The search keywords were: pain, pharmacogenetics, polymorphism, analgesics...
September 2017: Anesteziologiia i Reanimatologiia
Thibault Meyer, Sébastien Renoud, Armelle Vigouroux, Aurélie Miomandre, Vincent Gaillard, Isabelle Kerzaon, Claire Prigent-Combaret, Gilles Comte, Solange Morera, Ludovic Vial, Lavire Céline
Regulatory factors are key components for the transition between different lifestyles to ensure rapid and appropriate gene expression upon perceiving environmental cues. Agrobacterium fabrum C58 (formerly called A. tumefaciens C58) has two contrasting lifestyles: it can interact with plants either as a rhizosphere inhabitant (rhizospheric lifestyle), or as a pathogen that creates its own ecological niche in a plant tumor via its tumor-inducing plasmid (pathogenic lifestyle). Hydroxycinnamic acids are known to play an important role in the pathogenic lifestyle of Agrobacterium but can be degraded in A...
February 20, 2018: Molecular Plant-microbe Interactions: MPMI
Ines Tomašek, Claire J Horwell, Christoph Bisig, David E Damby, Pierre Comte, Jan Czerwinski, Alke Petri-Fink, Martin J D Clift, Barbara Drasler, Barbara Rothen-Rutishauser
Communities resident in urban areas located near active volcanoes can experience volcanic ash exposures during, and following, an eruption, in addition to sustained exposures to high concentrations of anthropogenic air pollutants (e.g., vehicle exhaust emissions). Inhalation of anthropogenic pollution is known to cause the onset of, or exacerbate, respiratory and cardiovascular diseases. It is further postulated similar exposure to volcanic ash can also affect such disease states. Understanding of the impact of combined exposure of volcanic ash and anthropogenic pollution to human health, however, remains limited...
February 15, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Yikai Hu, Chenghu Li, Yangfan Wang, Qinhan Li, Yidong Liu, Shengde Liao, Peiqing Cao, Hongmei Xu
Schizophrenia is a severe mental disorder, and its mechanisms have not been fully elucidated. A functional single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) present in the catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) gene, Val158Met (rs4680) (Chr22: 19,963,498), is possibly related to the violent behavior of schizophrenia patients. However, the specific variant that causes violent behavior is still unknown. Since the Val variation of Val158Met (rs4680) introduces a CG site into the sequence, the methylation level of the Val158Met (rs4680) region may also have an association with the homicidal behavior of schizophrenia patients...
February 17, 2018: International Journal of Legal Medicine
Aniket Magarkar, Petteri Parkkila, Tapani Viitala, Tatu Lajunen, Edouard Mobarak, Giuseppe Licari, Oana Cramariuc, Eric Vauthey, Tomasz Róg, Alex Bunker
The enzyme catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) has water soluble (S-COMT) and membrane associated (MB-COMT), bitopic, isoforms. Of these MB-COMT is a drug target in relation to the treatment of Parkinson's disease. Using a combination of computational and experimental protocols, we have determined the substrate selection mechanism specific to MB-COMT. We show: (1) substrates with preferred affinity for MB-COMT over S-COMT orient in the membrane in a fashion conducive to catalysis from the membrane surface and (2) binding of COMT to its cofactor ADOMET induces conformational change that drives the catalytic surface of the protein to the membrane surface, where the substrates and Mg 2+ ions, required for catalysis, are found...
February 15, 2018: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Thomas Stephanus Johannes Vaessen, Lea de Jong, Annika Theresia Schäfer, Thomas Damen, Aniek Uittenboogaard, Pauline Krolinski, Chinyere Vicky Nwosu, Florentina Maria Egidius Pinckaers, Iris Leah Marije Rotee, Antonius Petrus Wilhelmus Smeets, Ayşegül Ermiş, James L Kennedy, Dorien H Nieman, Arun Tiwari, Jim van Os, Marjan Drukker
BACKGROUND: Neither environmental nor genetic factors are sufficient to predict the transdiagnostic expression of psychosis. Therefore, analysis of gene-environment interactions may be productive. OBJECTIVE: A meta-analysis was performed using papers investigating the interaction between cannabis use and catechol-O-methyl transferase (COMT) polymorphism Val158Met (COMTVal158Met). DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Embase, PsychInfo. STUDY ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: All observational studies assessing the interaction between COMTVal158Met and cannabis with any psychosis or psychotic symptoms measure as an outcome...
2018: PloS One
Francesca Mancini, Alessio Di Fonzo, Giulia Lazzeri, Linda Borellini, Vincenzo Silani, Marco Lacerenza, Cristoforo Comi
In this retrospective study, we evaluated both efficacy and effectiveness of safinamide 50 and 100 mg in the treatment of motor fluctuations and disabling dyskinesias in a cohort of patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD). Ninety-one PD patients were evaluated during the first year of commercialization of the drug, both prior to starting safinamide and at the last available follow-up. Evaluations were based on the Unified Parkinson's Disease Scale part III (UPDRS III), Hoehn & Yahr (HY), Unified Dyskinesia Rating Scale (UDysRS) walking and balance item 9 score, daily time spent in OFF and in ON with disabling dyskinesias (1 week diary), mean daily dose of levodopa (LD), dopamine-agonists (DA), catechol-O-methyl transferase inhibitor (COMT-I), monoamine oxidase B inhibitor (MAOB-I), and their LD equivalent dose (LEDD)...
February 13, 2018: Neurological Sciences
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"