keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Svz

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728023/persistent-expression-of-vcam1-in-radial-glial-cells-is-required-for-the-embryonic-origin-of-postnatal-neural-stem-cells
#1
Xiao-Ling Hu, Guo Chen, Sanguo Zhang, Jiangli Zheng, Jun Wu, Qing-Ran Bai, Yue Wang, Ji Li, Huanhuan Wang, Han Feng, Jia Li, Xicai Sun, Qijun Xia, Fan Yang, Jing Hang, Chang Qi, Timothy N Phoenix, Sally Temple, Qin Shen
During development, neural stem cells (NSCs) undergo transitions from neuroepithelial cells to radial glial cells (RGCs), and later, a subpopulation of slowly dividing RGCs gives rise to the quiescent adult NSCs that populate the ventricular-subventricular zone (V-SVZ). Here we show that VCAM1, a transmembrane protein previously found in quiescent adult NSCs, is expressed by a subpopulation of embryonic RGCs, in a temporal and region-specific manner. Loss of VCAM1 reduced the number of active embryonic RGCs by stimulating their premature neuronal differentiation while preventing quiescence in the slowly dividing RGCs...
July 19, 2017: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725659/explant-methodology-for-analyzing-neuroblast-migration
#2
Kirsty J Dixon, Alisa Turbic, Ann M Turnley, Daniel J Liebl
The subventricular zone (SVZ) in the mammalian forebrain contains stem/progenitor cells that migrate through the rostral migratory stream (RMS) to the olfactory bulb throughout adulthood. SVZ-derived explant cultures provide a convenient method to assess factors regulating the intermediary stage of neural stem/progenitor cell migration. Here, we describe the isolation of SVZ-derived RMS explants from the neonatal mouse brain, and the conditions required to culture and evaluate their migration.
May 5, 2017: Bio-protocol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716558/emmprin-overexpression-in-svz-neural-progenitor-cells-increases-their-migration-towards-ischemic-cortex
#3
Michiko Kanemitsu, Oleg Tsupykov, Gaël Potter, Michael Boitard, Patrick Salmon, Eloisa Zgraggen, Eduardo Gascon, Galina Skibo, Alexandre G Dayer, Jozsef Z Kiss
Stimulation of endogenous neurogenesis and recruitment of neural progenitors from the subventricular zone (SVZ) neurogenic site may represent a useful strategy to improve regeneration in the ischemic cortex. Here, we tested whether transgenic overexpression of extracellular matrix metalloproteinase inducer (EMMPRIN), the regulator of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) expression, in endogenous neural progenitor cells (NPCs) in the subventricular zone (SVZ) could increase migration towards ischemic injury. For this purpose, we applied a lentivector-mediated gene transfer system...
July 14, 2017: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709456/analyses-of-distribution-and-dosimetry-of-brain-metastases-in-small-cell-lung-cancer-with-relation-to-the-neural-stem-cell-regions-feasibility-of-sparing-the-hippocampus-in-prophylactic-cranial-irradiation
#4
Lei Zhao, Yan Shen, Jin-Dong Guo, Heng-Le Gu, Wen Yu, Jia-Ming Wang, Chang-Xing Lv, Jun Liu, Xu-Wei Cai, Xiao-Long Fu
BACKGROUND: This work aims to assess the feasibility of selectively sparing the hippocampus during prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI) for small cell lung cancer (SCLC). METHODS: SCLC patients with brain metastases (BMs) diagnosed with MRI were enrolled. Lesions localized to the neural stem cell (NSC) compartments [subventricular zone (SVZ) or hippocampus] were analyzed. Patients were categorized by the total number of intracranial metastases, the therapy processes and the symptoms...
July 15, 2017: Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707040/non-invasive-remote-ischemic-postconditioning-stimulates-neurogenesis-during-the-recovery-phase-after-cerebral-ischemia
#5
Dan Huang, Honghong Liu, Yun Qu, Pu Wang
Ischemic postconditioning (IPostC) has been reported to have neuroprotection against ischemic diseases, and one cycle of IPostC induces neurogenesis when treated nearby. To expanding these effects, we explored the effects of repetitively remote IPostC (NRIPostC) on neurogenesis in the subgranular zone (SGZ) and subentricular zone (SVZ) during stroke recovery. Animals underwent transient cerebral ischemia were treated with vehicle or NRIPostC immediately after reperfusion. Neurological severity scores, infarct size, neurogenesis, and protein expression levels of nestin and GFAP were quantified at 3d, 7d, 14d, 21d and 28d post-ischemia...
July 13, 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694515/physical-binding-of-endothelial-mcam-and-neural-transmembrane-protease-matriptase-novel-cell-adhesion-in-neural-stem-cell-vascular-niche
#6
Hsiu-Hui Tung, Sheau-Ling Lee
Brain neural stem cells and transit amplifying cells in the subventricular zone (SVZ) of the lateral ventricles are in direct contact with the microvascular endothelium. The mechanisms/molecules of direct cell contact in the SVZ neurovascular niche are not fully understood. We previously showed that neural stem/progenitor (NS/P) cells induce brain endothelial signaling in direct cell contact through matriptase (MTP) on NS/P cell surface. In the present study, using pull-down and LC-MS/MS, we identified melanoma cell adhesion molecule (MCAM) the brain endothelial molecule that interacts with MTP...
July 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694255/soluble-app-functions-as-a-vascular-niche-signal-that-controls-adult-neural-stem-cell-number
#7
Yuya Sato, Yutaka Uchida, Jingqiong Hu, Tracy L Young-Pearse, Takako Niikura, Yoh-Suke Mukouyama
What controls neural stem cell (NSC) number in the neurogenic regions of the adult brain? Vascular niche signals regulate NSC quiescence and growth. Here, we have uncovered a role for soluble amyloid precursor protein (sAPP) as a vascular niche signal in the subventricular zone (SVZ) of the lateral ventricle of the adult brain. sAPP suppresses NSC growth in culture. Further in vivo studies on the role of APP for the NSC number in the SVZ clearly demonstrate that endothelial deletion of App causes a significant increase in the number of BrdU(+) label-retaining NSCs in the SVZ, while NSC/astrocyte deletion of App has no detectable effect on the NSC number...
July 10, 2017: Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687615/sox5-6-21-prevent-oncogene-driven-transformation-of-brain-stem-cells
#8
Idha Kurtsdotter, Danijal Topcic, Alexandra Karlén, Bhumica Singla, Daniel W Hagey, Maria Bergsland, Peter Siesjö, Monica Nistér, Joseph W Carlson, Veronique Lefebvre, Oscar Persson, Johan Holmberg, Jonas Muhr
Molecular mechanisms preventing self-renewing brain stem cells from oncogenic transformation are poorly defined. We show that the expression levels of SOX5, SOX6 and SOX21 (SOX5/6/21) transcription factors increase in stem cells of the subventricular zone (SVZ) upon oncogenic stress, whereas their expression in human glioma decreases during malignant progression. Elevated levels of SOX5/6/21 promoted SVZ cells to exit the cell cycle, while genetic ablation of SOX5/6/21 dramatically increased the capacity of these cells to form glioma-like tumors in an oncogene-driven mouse brain tumor model...
July 7, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683812/mechano-growth-factor-a-splice-variant-of-igf-1-promotes-neurogenesis-in-the-aging-mouse-brain
#9
Jason J Tang, Jewel L Podratz, Miranda Lange, Heidi J Scrable, Mi-Hyeon Jang, Anthony J Windebank
Mechano growth factor (MGF) is a splice variant of IGF-1 first described in skeletal muscle. MGF induces muscle cell proliferation in response to muscle stress and injury. In control mice we found endogenous expression of MGF in neurogenic areas of the brain and these levels declined with age. To better understand the role of MGF in the brain, we used transgenic mice that constitutively overexpressed MGF from birth. MGF overexpression significantly increased the number of BrdU+ proliferative cells in the dentate gyrus (DG) of the hippocampus and subventricular zone (SVG)...
July 7, 2017: Molecular Brain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677758/transcriptome-profiling-of-the-subventricular-zone-and-dentate-gyrus-in-an-animal-model-of-parkinson-s-disease
#10
Xin-Jie Bao, Geng-Chao Wang, Fu-Xing Zuo, Xue-Yuan Li, Jun Wu, Guo Chen, Wan-Chen Dou, Yi Guo, Qin Shen, Ren-Zhi Wang
Adult neurogenesis in the subventricular zone (SVZ), as well as in the subgranular zone contributes to brain maintenance and regeneration. In the adult brain, dopamine (DA) can regulate the endogenous neural stem cells within these two regions, while a DA deficit may affect neurogenesis. Notably, the factors that regulate in vivo neurogenesis in these subregions have not yet been fully characterized, particularly following DA depletion. In thi study, we performed RNA sequencing to investigate transcriptomic changes in the SVZ and dentate gyrus (DG) of mice in response to 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)...
July 3, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675430/parvalbumin-expressing-ependymal-cells-in-rostral-lateral-ventricle-wall-adhesions-contribute-to-aging-related-ventricle-stenosis-in-mice
#11
Federica Filice, Marco R Celio, Alexandre Babalian, Walter Blum, Viktoria Szabolcsi
Aging-associated ependymal-cell pathologies can manifest as ventricular gliosis, ventricle enlargement or ventricle stenosis. Ventricle stenosis and fusion of the lateral ventricle (LV) walls is associated with a massive decline of the proliferative capacities of the stem cell niche in the affected subventricular zone (SVZ) in aging mice. We examined the brains of adult C57BL/6 mice and found that ependymal cells located in the adhesions of the medial and lateral walls of the rostral LVs upregulated parvalbumin (PV) and displayed reactive phenotype, similarly to injury-reactive ependymal cells...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Comparative Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674431/9-cis-retinoic-acid-induces-neurorepair-in-stroke-brain
#12
Seong-Jin Yu, Mikko Airavaara, Kuo-Jen Wu, Brandon K Harvey, H S Liu, Yihong Yang, Alex Zacharek, Jieli Chen, Yun Wang
The purpose of this study was to examine the neurorestorative effect of delayed 9 cis retinoic acid (9cRA) treatment for stroke. Adult male rats received a 90-min right distal middle cerebral artery occlusion (dMCAo). Animals were separated into two groups with similar infarction sizes, based on magnetic resonance imaging on day 2 after dMCAo. 9cRA or vehicle was given via an intranasal route daily starting from day 3. Stroke rats receiving 9cRA post-treatment showed an increase in brain 9cRA levels and greater recovery in motor function...
July 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673742/blue-light-potentiates-neurogenesis-induced-by-retinoic-acid-loaded-responsive-nanoparticles
#13
Tiago Santos, Raquel Ferreira, Emanuel Quartin, Carlos Boto, Cláudia Saraiva, José Bragança, João Peça, Cecília Rodrigues, Lino Ferreira, Liliana Bernardino
Neurogenic niches constitute a powerful endogenous source of new neurons that can be used for brain repair strategies. Neuronal differentiation of these cells can be regulated by molecules such as retinoic acid (RA) or by mild levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) that are also known to upregulate RA receptor alpha (RARα) levels. Data showed that neural stem cells from the subventricular zone (SVZ) exposed to blue light (405nm laser) transiently induced NADPH oxidase-dependent ROS, resulting in β-catenin activation and neuronal differentiation, and increased RARα levels...
June 30, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669915/magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-odorant-activity-dependent-migration-of-neural-precursor-cells-and-olfactory-bulb-growth
#14
Nikorn Pothayee, Diana M Cummings, Timothy J Schoenfeld, Stephen Dodd, Heather A Cameron, Leonardo Belluscio, Alan P Koretsky
Neural progenitors or neuroblasts are produced by precursor cells in the subventricular zone (SVZ) and migrate along the rostral migratory stream (RMS) to the olfactory bulbs (OB) throughout life. In the OB, these adult born neurons either die or replace existing olfactory interneurons, playing a critical role in the stabilization of OB circuitry. Although several aspects of the addition of new neurons into the OB have been studied, it is unclear whether long-distance activity from the OB can regulate the influx of migrating neuroblasts along the RMS...
June 30, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669622/smad4-is-essential-for-directional-progression-from-committed-neural-progenitor-cells-through-neuronal-differentiation-in-the-postnatal-mouse-brain
#15
Motoko Kawaguchi-Niida, Noriyuki Shibata, Yasuhide Furuta
Signaling by the TGFβ super-family, consisting of TGFβ/activin- and bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) branch pathways, is involved in the central nervous system patterning, growth, and differentiation during embryogenesis. Neural progenitor cells are implicated in various pathological conditions, such as brain injury, infarction, Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's disease. However, the roles of TGFβ/BMP signaling in the postnatal neural progenitor cells in the brain are still poorly understood. We examined the functional contribution of Smad4, a key integrator of TGFβ/BMP signaling pathways, to the regulation of neural progenitor cells in the subventricular zone (SVZ)...
June 29, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666913/clinical-and-molecular-prognostic-factors-for-long-term-survival-of-the-patients-with-glioblastomas-in-a-single-institutional-consecutive-cohort
#16
Yu Nakagawa, Hikaru Sasaki, Kentaro Ohara, Taketo Ezaki, Masahiro Toda, Takayuki Ohira, Takeshi Kawase, Kazunari Yoshida
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to clarify the clinical and molecular characteristics associated with long-term survival in patients with glioblastoma. METHODS: We analyzed the characteristics of 96 glioblastoma patients. Long-term survivors (LTSs) were classified into moderate LTSs (mLTSs), who survived more than 3 years, and LTSs survived more than 5 years, and compared with short-term survivors (STSs). Clinical and molecular factors were investigated...
June 27, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656980/neurovascular-egfl7-regulates-adult-neurogenesis-in-the-subventricular-zone-and-thereby-affects-olfactory-perception
#17
Frank Bicker, Verica Vasic, Guilherme Horta, Felipe Ortega, Hendrik Nolte, Atria Kavyanifar, Stefanie Keller, Nevenka Dudvarski Stankovic, Patrick N Harter, Rui Benedito, Beat Lutz, Tobias Bäuerle, Jens Hartwig, Jan Baumgart, Marcus Krüger, Konstantin Radyushkin, Lavinia Alberi, Benedikt Berninger, Mirko H H Schmidt
Adult neural stem cells reside in a specialized niche in the subventricular zone (SVZ). Throughout life they give rise to adult-born neurons in the olfactory bulb (OB), thus contributing to neural plasticity and pattern discrimination. Here, we show that the neurovascular protein EGFL7 is secreted by endothelial cells and neural stem cells (NSCs) of the SVZ to shape the vascular stem-cell niche. Loss of EGFL7 causes an accumulation of activated NSCs, which display enhanced activity and re-entry into the cell cycle...
June 28, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648897/unique-organization-of-the-nuclear-envelope-in-the-post-natal-quiescent-neural-stem-cells
#18
Arantxa Cebrián-Silla, Clara Alfaro-Cervelló, Vicente Herranz-Pérez, Naoko Kaneko, Dae Hwi Park, Kazunobu Sawamoto, Arturo Alvarez-Buylla, Daniel A Lim, José Manuel García-Verdugo
Neural stem cells (B1 astrocytes; NSCs) in the adult ventricular-subventricular-zone (V-SVZ) originate in the embryo. Surprisingly, recent work has shown that B1 cells remain largely quiescent. They are reactivated postnatally to function as primary progenitors for neurons destined for the olfactory bulb and some corpus callosum oligodendrocytes. The cellular and molecular properties of quiescent B1 cells remain unknown. Here we found that a subpopulation of B1 cells has a unique nuclear envelope invagination specialization similar to envelope-limited chromatin sheets (ELCS), reported in certain lymphocytes and some cancer cells...
July 11, 2017: Stem Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625813/neurogenesis-in-the-aging-brain
#19
REVIEW
Deana M Apple, Rene Solano-Fonseca, Erzsebet Kokovay
Adult neurogenesis is the process of producing new neurons from neural stem cells (NSCs) for integration into the brain circuitry. Neurogenesis occurs throughout life in the ventricular-subventricular zone (V-SVZ) of the lateral ventricle and the subgranular zone (SGZ) of the hippocampal dentate gyrus. However, during aging, NSCs and their progenitors exhibit reduced proliferation and neuron production, which is thought to contribute to age-related cognitive impairment and reduced plasticity that is necessary for some types of brain repair...
June 15, 2017: Biochemical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623786/proteolytic-processed-form-of-cxcl12-abolishes-migration-and-induces-apoptosis-in-neural-stem-cells-in-vitro
#20
Taís Adelita, Roberta Sessa Stilhano, Sang Won Han, Giselle Zenker Justo, Marimelia Porcionatto
The subventricular zone (SVZ) of the adult mammalian brain hosts full potential neural stem cells (NSCs). NSCs are able to respond to extracellular signals in the brain, amplifying the pool of progenitor cells and giving rise to neuroblasts that show ability to migrate towards an injury site. These signals can come from vascular system, cerebrospinal fluid, glial cells, or projections of neurons in adjoining regions. CXCL12, a chemokine secreted after brain injury, reaches the SVZ in a gradient manner and drives neuroblasts towards the lesion area...
June 4, 2017: Stem Cell Research
keyword
keyword
20663
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"