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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339103/comparative-review-of-adult-midbrain-and-striatum-neurogenesis-with-classical-neurogenesis
#1
REVIEW
Parisa Farzanehfar
Parkinson's Disease (PD) motor symptoms are caused by loss of dopamine (DA) neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNc) of the midbrain. Dopamine cell replacement therapy (DA CRT), either by cell transplantation or endogenous repair, has been a potential treatment to replace dead cells and improve PD motor symptoms. Adult midbrain and striatum have been studied for many years to find evidence of neurogenesis. Although the literature is controversial, recent research has revived the possibility of neurogenesis here...
January 12, 2018: Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327199/glycogen-synthase-kinase-3%C3%AE-regulates-equilibrium-between-neurogenesis-and-gliogenesis-in-rat-model-of-parkinson-s-disease-a-crosstalk-with-wnt-and-notch-signaling
#2
Sonu Singh, Akanksha Mishra, Sachi Bharti, Virendra Tiwari, Jitendra Singh, Parul, Shubha Shukla
Neurogenesis involves generation of functional newborn neurons from neural stem cells (NSCs). Insufficient formation or accelerated degeneration of newborn neurons may contribute to the severity of motor/nonmotor symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the functional role of adult neurogenesis in PD is yet not explored and whether glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β) affects multiple steps of adult neurogenesis in PD is still unknown. We investigated the possible underlying molecular mechanism of impaired adult neurogenesis associated with PD...
January 11, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321633/olfactory-memory-is-enhanced-in-mice-exposed-to-extremely-low-frequency-electromagnetic-fields-via-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-dependent-modulation-of-subventricular-zone-neurogenesis
#3
Alessia Mastrodonato, Saviana Antonella Barbati, Lucia Leone, Claudia Colussi, Katia Gironi, Marco Rinaudo, Roberto Piacentini, Christine A Denny, Claudio Grassi
Exposure to extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields (ELFEF) influences the expression of key target genes controlling adult neurogenesis and modulates hippocampus-dependent memory. Here, we assayed whether ELFEF stimulation affects olfactory memory by modulating neurogenesis in the subventricular zone (SVZ) of the lateral ventricle, and investigated the underlying molecular mechanisms. We found that 30 days after the completion of an ELFEF stimulation protocol (1 mT; 50 Hz; 3.5 h/day for 12 days), mice showed enhanced olfactory memory and increased SVZ neurogenesis...
January 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309310/nuclear-translocation-of-dj-1-protects-adult-neuronal-stem-cells-in-an-mptp-mouse-model-of-parkinson-s-disease
#4
Yi Sun, Yupeng Wang, Xin Zhao, Xiaoping Pu
DJ-1, originally identified as an oncogene product, is involved in multiple processes, including cellular transformation, the oxidative stress response, and transcriptional regulation. We had previously found that DJ-1 was closely associated with the proliferation and differentiation of cultured neuronal stem cells. In this study, we further investigated the functions of DJ-1 to determine how adult neurogenesis was affected in the subgranular zones (SGZ), subventricular zone (SVZ), and olfactory bulb (OB), which are brain areas closely related to early nonmotor symptoms of Parkinson's disease, using a 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-induced mouse model of Parkinson's disease...
January 5, 2018: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309205/effects-of-fractionated-whole-brain-irradiation-on-cellular-composition-and-cognitive-function-in-the-rat-brain
#5
Soňa Bálentová, Eva Hajtmanová, Barbora Filová, Veronika Borbélyová, Ján Lehotský, Marian Adamkov
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was investigate whether histopathological changes in the neurogenic region correlate with appropriate cognitive impairment in the experimental model of radiation-induced brain injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Adult male Wistar rats randomized into sham (0 Gy) and 2 experimental groups (survived 30 and 100 days after treatment) received fractionated whole-brain irradiation (one 5Gy fraction/week for 4 weeks) with a total dose of 20 Gy of gamma rays...
January 8, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296000/non-canonical-wnt-signaling-regulates-neural-stem-cell-quiescence-during-homeostasis-and-after-demyelination
#6
Manideep Chavali, Michael Klingener, Alexandros G Kokkosis, Yury Garkun, Sylwia Felong, Arianna Maffei, Adan Aguirre
Adult neural stem cells (NSCs) reside in a specialized microenvironment, the subventricular zone (SVZ), which provides them with unique signaling cues to control their basic properties and prevent their exhaustion. While the signaling mechanisms that regulate NSC lineage progression are well characterized, the molecular mechanisms that trigger the activation of quiescent NSCs during homeostasis and tissue repair are still unclear. Here, we uncovered that the NSC quiescent state is maintained by Rho-GTPase Cdc42, a downstream target of non-canonical Wnt signaling...
January 2, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289719/the-distribution-of-ki-67-and-doublecortin-immunopositive-cells-in-the-brains-of-three-strepsirrhine-primates-galago-demidoff-perodicticus-potto-and-lemur-catta
#7
Thandi M Fasemore, Nina Patzke, Consolate Kaswera-Kyamakya, Emmanuel Gilissen, Paul R Manger, Amadi O Ihunwo
This study investigated the pattern of adult neurogenesis throughout the brains of three prosimian primate species using immunohistochemical techniques for endogenous markers of this neural process. Two species, Galago demidoff and Perodicticus potto were obtained from wild populations in the primary rainforest of central Africa, while one species, Lemur catta, was captive-bred. Two brains from each species, perfusion-fixed with 4% paraformaldehyde, were sectioned (50 µm section thickness) in sagittal and coronal planes...
December 28, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276142/radial-glial-fibers-promote-neuronal-migration-and-functional-recovery-after-neonatal-brain-injury
#8
Hideo Jinnou, Masato Sawada, Koya Kawase, Naoko Kaneko, Vicente Herranz-Pérez, Takuya Miyamoto, Takumi Kawaue, Takaki Miyata, Yasuhiko Tabata, Toshihiro Akaike, José Manuel García-Verdugo, Itsuki Ajioka, Shinji Saitoh, Kazunobu Sawamoto
Radial glia (RG) are embryonic neural stem cells (NSCs) that produce neuroblasts and provide fibers that act as a scaffold for neuroblast migration during embryonic development. Although they normally disappear soon after birth, here we found that RG fibers can persist in injured neonatal mouse brains and act as a scaffold for postnatal ventricular-subventricular zone (V-SVZ)-derived neuroblasts that migrate to the lesion site. This injury-induced maintenance of RG fibers has a limited time window during post-natal development and promotes directional saltatory movement of neuroblasts via N-cadherin-mediated cell-cell contacts that promote RhoA activation...
December 14, 2017: Cell Stem Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273890/subventricular-zone-involvement-at-recurrence-is-a-strong-predictive-factor-of-outcome-following-high-grade-glioma-reirradiation
#9
J Attal, L Chaltiel, V Lubrano, J C Sol, C Lanaspeze, L Vieillevigne, I Latorzeff, E Cohen-Jonathan Moyal
We aimed to assess the efficacy of stereotactic irradiation for patients with recurrent high-grade glioma (HGG) and identify predictive factors of progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) following reirradiation. We identified 32 patients with recurrent brain HGG who had been treated with either single-dose (stereotactic radiosurgery) or fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy between April 2008 and October 2015. Median follow up was 21.4 months (range 12.9-23.2) and median PFS was and 3.3 months (95% CI [2...
December 22, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259547/a-radial-glia-fascicle-leads-principal-neurons-from-the-pallial-subpallial-boundary-into-the-developing-human-insula
#10
Emilio González-Arnay, Miriam González-Gómez, Gundela Meyer
The human insular lobe, in the depth of the Sylvian fissure, displays three main cytoarchitectonic divisions defined by the differentiation of granular layers II and IV. These comprise a rostro-ventral agranular area, an intermediate dysgranular area, and a dorso-caudal granular area. Immunohistochemistry in human embryos and fetuses using antibodies against PCNA, Vimentin, Nestin, Tbr1, and Tb2 reveals that the insular cortex is unique in that it develops far away from the ventricular zone (VZ), with most of its principal neurons deriving from the subventricular zone (SVZ) of the pallial-subpallial boundary (PSB)...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroanatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258846/bone-marrow-mesenchymal-stromal-cells-alleviate-brain-white-matter-injury-via-the-enhanced-proliferation-of-oligodendrocyte-progenitor-cells-in-focal-cerebral-ischemic-rats
#11
Xiaohe Yu, Hongjuan Wu, Yansong Zhao, Yuanyuan Guo, Yuxi Chen, Peng Dong, Qingjie Mu, Xin Wang, Xiaoli Wang
The effects of transplanting bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells (BMSCs) for the treatment of white matter damage are not well understood, nor are the underlying mechanisms. Recent studies showed that endogenous oligodendrocyte progenitor cells (OPCs)can be stimulated to proliferate. Therefore, we explore the effects of BMSCs transplantation on white matter damage and the proliferation of OPCs in transient focal cerebral ischemic rats.BMSCs were transplanted into a group of rats that had undergone middle cerebral artery occlusion(MCAO) 24 hours after reperfusion...
December 16, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205371/characterization-of-the-canine-rostral-ventricular-subventricular-zone-morphological-immunohistochemical-ultrastructural-and-neurosphere-assay-studies
#12
Francisco Fernández-Flores, José Manuel García-Verdugo, Raquel Martín-Ibáñez, Cristina Herranz, Dolors Fondevila, Josep María Canals, Carles Arús, Martí Pumarola
The mammalian ventricular-subventricular zone (V-SVZ) presents the highest neurogenic potential in the brain of the adult individual. In rodents, it is mainly composed of chains of neuroblasts. In humans, it is organized in layers where neuroblasts do not form chains. The aim of this study is to describe the cytoarchitecture of canine V-SVZ (cV-SVZ), to assess its neurogenic potential, and to compare our results with those previously described in other species. We have studied by histology, immunohistochemistry (IHC), electron microscopy and neurosphere assay the morphology, cytoarchitecture and neurogenic potential of cV-SVZ...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Comparative Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205011/clinical-correlates-of-subventricular-zone-contacting-glioblastomas-a-meta-analysis
#13
Akshitkumar M Mistry
INTRODUCTION: The clinical and molecular correlates of glioblastomas (GBMs) contacting the subventricular zone (SVZ+ GBM) are unknown. We aimed to reveal any such correlates that may help explain their increased GBM malignancy. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A meta-analysis was, therefore, conducted to assess whether tumor's MGMT promoter methylation status, IDH mutation status, volume, and extent of resection as well as patients' age at diagnosis and preoperative Karnofsky performance status score (KPS) correlate with SVZ contact by GBM...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204012/use-of-preoperative-ependymal-enhancement-on-magnetic-resonance-imaging-brain-as-a-marker-of-grade-of-glioma
#14
Sumit Sharma, Shashi Kant Jain, Virendra Deo Sinha
Objectives: Neural stem cells within the subventricular zone (SVZ) are thought to be responsible for the origin and the heterogeneous nature of the gliomas. The relationship of the gliomas to the SVZ can be appreciated as ependymal enhancement on contrast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). This study evaluates the rate of ependymal enhancement and its association with the histopathological grade of gliomas. Patients and Methods: Seventy-five patients with radiological features of glioma were recruited...
October 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180821/specific-features-of-svz-neurogenesis-after-cortical-ischemia-a-longitudinal-study
#15
S Palma-Tortosa, A García-Culebras, A Moraga, O Hurtado, A Perez-Ruiz, V Durán-Laforet, J de la Parra, M I Cuartero, J M Pradillo, M A Moro, I Lizasoain
Stroke is a devastating disease with an increasing prevalence. Part of the current development in stroke therapy is focused in the chronic phase, where neurorepair mechanisms such as neurogenesis, are involved. In the adult brain, one of the regions where neurogenesis takes place is the subventricular zone (SVZ) of the lateral ventricles. Given the possibility to develop pharmacological therapies to stimulate this process, we have performed a longitudinal analysis of neurogenesis in a model of cortical ischemia in mice...
November 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174383/intracerebroventricular-streptozotocin-impairs-adult-neurogenesis-and-cognitive-functions-via-regulating-neuroinflammation-and-insulin-signaling-in-adult-rats
#16
Sandeep Kumar Mishra, Sonu Singh, Shubha Shukla, Rakesh Shukla
Neurogenesis is a complex process involved in memory formation and is known to be altered in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Neuroinflammation and insulin signaling dysfunction, key players during intracerebroventricular Streptozotocin (ICV-STZ) induced dementia variedly affects neurogenesis. The aim of this work was to study the variation in neurogenic process associated with AD in ICV STZ induced dementia. Adult male Sprague Dawley rats weighing 180-200 g were given two different doses of ICV STZ (3 mg/kg on Day 1 and 3, & 1 mg/kg on Day 1) in two different experimental setup...
November 21, 2017: Neurochemistry International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163067/the-baf45d-protein-is-preferentially-expressed-in-adult-neurogenic-zones-and-in-neurons-and-may-be-required-for-retinoid-acid-induced-pax6-expression
#17
Chao Liu, Ruyu Sun, Jian Huang, Dijuan Zhang, Dake Huang, Weiqin Qi, Shenghua Wang, Fenfen Xie, Yuxian Shen, Cailiang Shen
Adult neurogenesis is important for the development of regenerative therapies for human diseases of the central nervous system (CNS) through the recruitment of adult neural stem cells (NSCs). NSCs are characterized by the capacity to generate neurons, astrocytes, and oligodendrocytes. To identify key factors involved in manipulating the adult NSC neurogenic fate thus has crucial implications for the clinical application. Here, we report that BAF45D is expressed in the subgranular zone (SGZ) of the dentate gyrus, the subventricular zone (SVZ) of the lateral ventricle, and the central canal (CC) of the adult spinal cord...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroanatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162133/humoral-response-in-experimental-autoimmune-encephalomyelitis-targets-neural-precursor-cells-in-the-central-nervous-system-of-naive-rodents
#18
Evangelia Kesidou, Olga Touloumi, Roza Lagoudaki, Evangelia Nousiopoulou, Paschalis Theotokis, Kyriaki-Nepheli Poulatsidou, Marina Boziki, Evangelia Kofidou, Nickoleta Delivanoglou, Fani Minti, Georgios Hadjigeorgiou, Nikolaos Grigoriadis, Constantina Simeonidou
BACKGROUND: Neural precursor cells (NPCs) located in the subventricular zone (SVZ), a well-defined NPC niche, play a crucial role in central nervous system (CNS) homeostasis. Moreover, NPCs are involved in the endogenous reparative process both in multiple sclerosis (MS) and experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). However, the possibility that NPCs may be vulnerable to immune-related components may not be ruled out. Therefore, we investigated the potential affinity of myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG)-induced humoral response(s) to NPCs...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154990/exosomes-derived-from-human-umbilical-vein-endothelial-cells-promote-neural-stem-cell-expansion-while-maintain-their-stemness-in-culture
#19
Yi-Zhe Zhang, Fan Liu, Chang-Geng Song, Xiu-Li Cao, Yu-Fei Zhang, Hai-Ning Wu, Chen-Jun Guo, Yong-Qiang Li, Qi-Jun Zheng, Min-Hua Zheng, Hua Han
The neural stem cell (NSC) niche in subventricular zone (SVZ) of adult mammalian brain contains dense vascular plexus, where endothelial cells (ECs) regulate NSCs by releasing plenty of angiocrine factors. However, the role of ECs-derived exosomes, a novel type of mediators of intercellular communications, in the regulation of NSCs remains unclear. In the current study, primary NSCs isolated from embryonic mouse brains form more neurospheres when cultured in the presence of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs)...
November 15, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153395/ultrasound-mediated-kallidinogenase-loaded-microbubble-targeted-therapy-for-acute-cerebral-infarction
#20
Yanling Liang, Jia Chen, Xuan Zheng, Zhiyi Chen, Yuming Liu, Siying Li, Xiaobo Fang
BACKGROUND: The neuroprotective effects of kallidinogenase against acute cerebral infarction have been demonstrated, and the use of microbubbles has been suggested as a therapeutic mechanism for drug delivery. This study was designed to investigate the optimal parameters for preparing kallidinogenase-loaded microbubbles (KLMs) and to evaluate the effects of KLM-targeted therapy on neurogenesis and angiogenesis following experimental acute cerebral infarction in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: KLMs were prepared by mechanical shaking...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
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