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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026523/medical-support-during-an-ironman-70-3-triathlon-race
#1
Hae-Rang Yang, Jinwoo Jeong, Injoo Kim, Ji Eun Kim
BACKGROUND: The Ironman 70.3 race is also called a half Ironman, and consists of 1.9 km of swimming, 90.1 km of cycling, and 21.1 km of running. The authors provide practical insights that may be useful for medical support in future events by summarizing the process and results of on-scene medical care. METHODS: The medical post was established at the transition area between the cycling and running courses, which was close to the finish line, and staffed with the headquarters team comprised of an emergency physician, an EMT, two nurses, and an ambulance with a driver...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975231/death-and-cardiac-arrest-in-u-s-triathlon-participants-1985-to-2016-a-case-series
#2
Kevin M Harris, Lawrence L Creswell, Tammy S Haas, Taylor Thomas, Monica Tung, Erin Isaacson, Ross F Garberich, Barry J Maron
Background: Reports of race-related triathlon fatalities have raised questions regarding athlete safety. Objective: To describe death and cardiac arrest among triathlon participants. Design: Case series. Setting: United States. Participants: Participants in U.S. triathlon races from 1985 to 2016. Measurements: Data on deaths and cardiac arrests were assembled from such sources as the U...
September 19, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975214/sudden-death-during-triathlons-the-heart-of-the-swim
#3
Reginald T Ho, Karen Glanz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 19, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928273/men-over-40-are-most-at-risk-of-sudden-death-during-triathlons
#4
Jacqui Wise
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 19, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904979/the-russians-are-the-fastest-in-marathon-cross-country-skiing-the-engadin-ski-marathon
#5
Pantelis Theodoros Nikolaidis, Jan Heller, Beat Knechtle
It is well known that athletes from a specific region or country are dominating certain sports disciplines such as marathon running or Ironman triathlon; however, little relevant information exists on cross-country skiing. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate the aspect of region and nationality in one of the largest cross-country skiing marathons in Europe, the "Engadin Ski Marathon." All athletes (n = 197,125) who finished the "Engadin Ski Marathon" between 1998 and 2016 were considered...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900572/return-to-running-following-a-knee-disarticulation-amputation-a-case-report
#6
Angela R Diebal-Lee, Robert S Kuenzi, Christopher A Rábago
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The evolution of running-specific prostheses has empowered athletes with lower extremity amputations to run farther and faster than previously thought possible; but running with proper mechanics is still paramount to an injury-free, active lifestyle. The purpose of this case report was to describe the successful alteration of intact limb mechanics from a Rearfoot Striking (RFS) to a Non-Rearfoot Striking (NRFS) pattern in an individual with a knee disarticulation amputation, the associated reduction in Average Vertical Loading Rate (AVLR), and the improvement in functional performance following the intervention...
August 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895388/probiotic-strains-as-the-element-of-nutritional-profile-in-physical-activity-%C3%A2-new-trend-or-better-sports-results
#7
Joanna Smarkusz, Lucyna Ostrowska, Katarzyna Witczak-Sawczuk
A diet, individually customized to the needs of sportsmen and sportswomen prepares them better for competition and achievement of better sports results. However, disorders of the gastrointestinal tract and frequently recurrent upper respiratory tract infections pose a common problem observed among athletes of disciplines such as triathlon, cycling and marathon. Diarrhea, splashing in the intestines or gastrointestinal bleeding make it difficult to start and win in the race. Recently researchers have paid special attention to the therapeutic effect of probiotic strains on the human body...
2017: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750858/differences-in-trochlear-surface-damage-and-wear-between-three-different-total-knee-arthroplasty-designs
#8
Jacob Matz, James L Howard, Zachary W Sisko, Matthew G Teeter, Brent A Lanting
INTRODUCTION: Trochlear design plays a role in patellofemoral kinematics. Little is known regarding differences in the contact properties between modern designs. The purpose of the present study was to analyze patellofemoral joint contact by identifying areas of joint surface damage and wear in retrieved femoral components of 3 modern designs. MATERIALS: Eighteen retrieved femoral components featuring 3 different modern designs (Triathlon, SIGMA, and GENESIS II) were matched based on time-in-vivo, age, gender, and body mass index...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745470/effects-of-taurine-on-markers-of-muscle-damage-inflammatory-response-and-physical-performance-in-triathletes
#9
Bryan S Martinez Galan, Flavia Giolo de Carvalho, Priscila Carvalho Santos, Ronaldo Bucken Gobbi, Carlos Kalva-Filho, Marcelo Papoti, Adelino Sanchez Silva, Ellen C Freitas
BACKGROUND: The practice of prolonged exercise with high intensity, as seen in triathlon training, can cause physiological imbalances that might result in muscle fatigue, muscle damage and changes in systemic inflammatory response, thus reduce the athletes physical performance, therefore, both adequate total caloric and macronutrient intake also the use of a specific ergogenic aid, as taurine supplementation would be an alternative to prevent inflammation and muscle damage. In order to verify the effects of 8 weeks of taurine and chocolate milk supplementation, markers of muscle damage, inflammation, and aerobic capacity were quantified in triathletes...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696992/triathlon-medical-coverage-a-guide-for-medical-directors
#10
Chad A Asplund, Thomas K Miller, Lawrence Creswell, Andrew Getzin, Andrew Hunt, John Martinez, Jason Diehl, William D Hiller, Paul Berlin
Interest and participation in triathlon has grown rapidly over the past 20 yr and with this growth, there has been an increase in the number of new events. To maximize the safety of participation, triathlons require medical directors to plan and oversee medical care associated with event participation. Provision of proper medical care requires knowledge of staffing requirements, common triathlon medical conditions, impact of course design, communication skill, and a familiarity of administrative requirements...
July 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696986/fueling-the-triathlete-evidence-based-practical-advice-for-athletes-of-all-levels
#11
Andrew R Getzin, Cynthia Milner, Marie Harkins
Triathletes need to effectively fuel during training and racing to maximize their potential for success. While most research on fueling has focused on elite male triathletes, triathlon participation encompasses a broader demographic of racers ranging from those with aspirations of winning to those whose goals are completion. Carbohydrate is the primary macronutrient for fueling endurance activities. Athletes can usually tolerate 60 to 90 mg·h in the form of multiple different carbohydrate sources. Athletes should drink as thirst dictates and consider sodium replacement of sweat loss especially in individuals with a history of exercise-associated muscle cramps...
July 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628968/performance-trends-in-age-group-triathletes-in-the-olympic-distance-triathlon-at-the-world-championships-2009-2014
#12
Martin Wonerow, Christoph Alexander Rüst, Pantelis Theodoros Nikolaidis, Thomas Rosemann, Beat Knechtle
Performance trends in elite triathletes competing in age group classes have been investigated for Ironman triathlon in ‘Ironman Hawaii’ but not for short distance triathletes competing at international level in events such as the Olympic distance triathlon at the World Championships. The aim of the present study was to evaluate participation and performance trends of age group triathletes competing in the Olympic distance triathlon at the International Triathlon Union (ITU) World Championships 2009-2014...
June 30, 2017: Chinese Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609447/blood-biomarkers-in-male-and-female-participants-after-an-ironman-distance-triathlon
#13
Tom Danielsson, Jörg Carlsson, Hendrik Schreyer, Jonas Ahnesjö, Lasse Ten Siethoff, Thony Ragnarsson, Åsa Tugetam, Patrick Bergman
BACKGROUND: While overall physical activity is clearly associated with a better short-term and long-term health, prolonged strenuous physical activity may result in a rise in acute levels of blood-biomarkers used in clinical practice for diagnosis of various conditions or diseases. In this study, we explored the acute effects of a full Ironman-distance triathlon on biomarkers related to heart-, liver-, kidney- and skeletal muscle damage immediately post-race and after one week's rest...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576689/coronal-alignment-predicts-the-use-of-semi-constrained-implants-in-contemporary-total-knee-arthroplasty
#14
J Ryan Martin, Keith A Fehring, Chad D Watts, Daniel L Levy, Bryan D Springer, Raymond H Kim
BACKGROUND: Semi-constrained, or varus-valgus constrained, implants are occasionally necessary to achieve stability in primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, outcomes with these implants are largely unknown. Therefore, the primary goals of this study were to determine 1) can we identify preoperatively which patients might require a semi-constrained implant and 2) are there any clinical and or radiographic differences for those that require a semi-constrained implant? METHODS: A multicenter retrospective study was performed to retrospectively review patients that had a Stryker Triathlon (Kalamazoo, MI) TKA with a Total Stabilized (TS) tibial insert (n=75)...
May 30, 2017: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559756/multimodal-care-in-the-management-of-a-patient-with-chronic-tendinopathy-of-the-biceps-femoris-a-case-report
#15
Brett R Martin
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this case report was to describe the use of dry needling in conjunction with auricular acupuncture, core exercises, and light aerobic activity for treating chronic tendinopathy of the biceps femoris. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 30-year-old white female presented with chronic biceps femoris tendinopathy. The injury had occurred 18 months prior while training for a triathlon. Active stretching of her right biceps femoris while standing with her feet 6 inches apart aggravated the pain at the origin in the right tendon of the biceps femoris at 0 degrees of movement...
June 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552834/high-impact-sport-after-hip-resurfacing-the-ironman-triathlon
#16
J Girard, A Lons, T Pommepuy, R Isida, K Benad, S Putman
BACKGROUND: Returning to high-impact sport is an increasingly frequent functional demand following hip replacement. The literature, however, is sparse on the subject and nonexistent regarding triathlon. We therefore conducted a retrospective study of hip resurfacing in triathlon players, to determine: (1) whether it is possible to return to this kind of sport; (2) if so, whether it is possible to return to the same level; and (3) how a resurfaced hip behaves under these conditions. HYPOTHESIS: Hip resurfacing allows return to competition level in long-distance triathlon...
May 25, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542004/do-dynamic-fat-and-fat-free-mass-changes-follow-theoretical-driven-rules-in-athletes
#17
Analiza M Silva, Catarina N Matias, Diana A Santos, Paulo M Rocha, Cláudia S Minderico, Diana Thomas, Steven B Heymsfield, Luís B Sardinha
INTRODUCTION: Maximizing fat mass (FM) loss while preserving or increasing fat-free mass (FFM) is a central goal for athletic performance but the composition of body weight (BW) changes over time with training are largely unknown. PURPOSE: We aimed to analyze FM and FFM contributions to BW changes and to test if these contributions follow established rules and predictions over one athletic season. METHODS: Seventy athletes (42 men; handball, volleyball, basketball, triathlon, and swimming) were evaluated from the beginning to the competitive stage of the season and were empirically divided into those who lost (n = 20) or gained >1...
October 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511732/outbreak-of-diarrhoea-among-participants-of-a-triathlon-and-a-duathlon-on-12-july-2015-in-utrecht-the-netherlands
#18
S Parkkali, R Joosten, E Fanoy, R Pijnacker, J VAN Beek, D Brandwagt, W VAN Pelt
On 12 July 2015, a triathlon competition with 900 participants took place in Utrecht, the Netherlands. An outbreak investigation was initiated after 56 participants reported health complaints. An online questionnaire was sent to 700 participants. Stool specimens from six participants and four water specimens were collected from the swimming location. A total of 239 participants completed the questionnaire (response rate: 34%), 73 (31%) of them met the case definition for acute gastrointestinal illness (AGI)...
July 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507970/a-new-technique-for-surgical-treatment-of-proximal-hamstring-tendinopathy-in-a-triathlon-athlete
#19
Lincoln Paiva Costa, Antônio Augusto Guimarães Barros, Carlos Cesar Vassalo, Bertrand Sonnery-Cottet, Victor Atsushi Kasuya Barbosa, Eduardo Frois Temponi
INTRODUCTION: Proximal hamstring tendinopathy (PHT) is the result of chronic overload caused by repetitive eccentric contraction. Surgical treatment becomes an option for patients with chronic symptoms that do not respond to conservative treatment. CASE REPORT: This report describes a case of a 48-year-old man, an amateur triathlete, with deep gluteal pain in the left hip for 12 months, leading to a decline in sports performance. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed abnormalities that suggested a PHT...
November 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498220/patient-presentations-and-medical-logistics-at-full-and-half-ironman-distance-triathlons
#20
Sheila A Turris, Adam Lund, Ron R Bowles, Michael Camporese, Tom Green
We describe logistical challenges, illness/injury rates, as well as medical and ambulance transfer rates (ATR) at an annual large-scale half/full triathlon in a remote location. Prospective observational study; registry data. Data on patient presentation rates, percentage of patients transferred by ambulance, transfer to hospital rates (TTHR), ATR, and medical usage rates were collected and analyzed. In total, 1923 athletes participated in the 2016 triathlon (1404 in the full-length race and 519 in the half) and 181 patient encounters were documented...
May 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
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