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Theta burst stimulation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236921/intermittent-theta-burst-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-for-autism-spectrum-disorder-an-open-label-pilot-study
#1
Caio Abujadi, Paul E Croarkin, Bianca B Bellini, Helena Brentani, Marco A Marcolin
OBJECTIVE: Theta-burst stimulation (TBS) modulates synaptic plasticity more efficiently than standard repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation delivery and may be a promising modality for neuropsychiatric disorders such as autism spectrum disorder (ASD). At present there are few effective interventions for prefrontal cortex dysfunction in ASD. We report on an open-label, pilot study of intermittent TBS (iTBS) to target executive function deficits and restricted, repetitive behaviors in male children and adolescents with ASD...
December 11, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230407/comparison-of-the-effect-of-low-frequency-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-with-that-of-theta-burst-stimulation-on-upper-limb-motor-function-in-poststroke-patients
#2
Takahiro Kondo, Naoki Yamada, Ryo Momosaki, Masato Shimizu, Masahiro Abo
Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the difference between the therapeutic effect of low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (LF-rTMS) and that of continuous theta burst stimulation (cTBS), when each is combined with intensive occupational therapy (OT), in poststroke patients with upper limb hemiparesis. Materials and Methods: The study subjects were 103 poststroke patients with upper limb hemiparesis, who were divided into two groups: the LF-rTMS group (n = 71) and the cTBS group (three pulse bursts at 50 Hz) (n = 32)...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224040/treatment-of-auditory-hallucinations-with-bilateral-theta-burst-stimulation-ctbs-protocol-of-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-multicenter-trial
#3
Christian Plewnia, Bettina Brendel, Tobias Schwippel, Peter Martus, Joachim Cordes, Alkomiet Hasan, Andreas J Fallgatter
Auditory verbal hallucinations (AH) are core symptoms of schizophrenia. They are often severely distressing and refractory to therapy. Their perception is associated with increased activity in temporoparietal areas of the brain. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) can reduce focal brain hyperactivity and has been shown to ameliorate AH. However, controlled multicenter clinical trials are still missing, effect sizes are moderate, and the treatment with rTMS is time consuming. Continuous theta burst stimulation (cTBS) is a quicker and potentially more effective technique to reduce cortical hyperactivity...
December 9, 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223708/comparison-of-neuroplastic-responses-to-cathodal-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-and-continuous-theta-burst-stimulation-in-subacute-stroke
#4
Pierre Nicolo, Cécile Magnin, Elena Pedrazzini, Gijs Plomp, Anaïs Mottaz, Armin Schnider, Adrian G Guggisberg
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of cathodal transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) and continuous theta burst stimulation (cTBS) on neural network connectivity and motor recovery in individuals with subacute stroke. DESIGN: Double-blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled study. SETTING: Stroke subjects recruited through a university hospital rehabilitation program. PARTICIPANTS: Stroke inpatients (N=41; mean age 65y, range 28-85; mean weeks poststroke 5, range 2-10) with resultant paresis in the upper extremity (mean Fugl-Meyer score 14, range 3-48)...
December 6, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162816/impairments-of-spatial-memory-in-an-alzheimer-s-disease-model-via-degeneration-of-hippocampal-cholinergic-synapses
#5
Houze Zhu, Huanhuan Yan, Na Tang, Xinyan Li, Pei Pang, Hao Li, Wenting Chen, Yu Guo, Shu Shu, You Cai, Lei Pei, Dan Liu, Min-Hua Luo, Hengye Man, Qing Tian, Yangling Mu, Ling-Qiang Zhu, Youming Lu
Choline acetyltransferase neurons in the vertical diagonal band of Broca (vChATs) degenerate in the early stage of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Here, we report that vChATs directly innervate newly generated immature neurons (NGIs) in the dorsal hippocampus (dNGIs) of adult mice and regulate both the dNGIs survival and spatial pattern separation. In a mouse model that exhibits amyloid-β plaques similar to AD patients, cholinergic synaptic transmission, dNGI survival and spatial pattern separation are impaired...
November 22, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124791/impact-of-different-intensities-of-intermittent-theta-burst-stimulation-on-the-cortical-properties-during-tms-eeg-and-working-memory-performance
#6
Sung Wook Chung, Nigel C Rogasch, Kate E Hoy, Caley M Sullivan, Robin F H Cash, Paul B Fitzgerald
Intermittent theta burst stimulation (iTBS) is a noninvasive brain stimulation technique capable of increasing cortical excitability beyond the stimulation period. Due to the rapid induction of modulatory effects, prefrontal application of iTBS is gaining popularity as a therapeutic tool for psychiatric disorders such as depression. In an attempt to increase efficacy, higher than conventional intensities are currently being applied. The assumption that this increases neuromodulatory may be mechanistically false for iTBS...
November 9, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096215/intermittent-theta-burst-stimulation-induces-correlated-changes-in-cortical-and-corticospinal-excitability-in-healthy-older-subjects
#7
Tamara Gedankien, Peter J Fried, Alvaro Pascual-Leone, Mouhsin M Shafi
OBJECTIVE: We studied the correlation between motor evoked potentials (MEPs) and early TMS-evoked EEG potentials (TEPs) from single-pulse TMS before and after intermittent Theta Burst Stimulation (iTBS) to the left primary motor cortex (M1) in 17 healthy older participants. METHODS: TMS was targeted to the hand region of M1 using a MRI-guided navigated brain stimulation system and a figure-of-eight biphasic coil. MEPs were recorded from the right first dorsal interosseous muscle using surface EMG...
September 28, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096197/motor-cortex-inhibition-by-tms-reduces-cognitive-non-motor-procedural-learning-when-immediate-incentives-are-present
#8
Leonora Wilkinson, Philip J Koshy, Adam Steel, Devin Bageac, Selene Schintu, Eric M Wassermann
Inhibitory repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) of the primary motor area (M1) impairs motor sequence-learning, but not basic motor function. It is unknown if this is specific for motor forms of procedural learning or a more general effect. To investigate, we tested the effect of M1-inhibition on the weather prediction task (WPT), a learning task with minimal motor learning component. In the WPT, participants learn arbitrary, probabilistic, associations between sets of meaningless cues and fictional outcomes...
October 6, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077650/safety-and-efficacy-of-theta-burst-stimulation-in-the-treatment-of-psychiatric-disorders-a-review-of-the-literature
#9
REVIEW
Fady Rachid
Theta-burst stimulation (TBS) is a form of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation and is thought to induce more rapid and longer-lasting effects on synaptic plasticity than conventional repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation protocols. TBS is being used as an investigational and more recently as a therapeutic tool. The purpose of this review is to describe and discuss the studies that have evaluated the safety and efficacy of this technique in the treatment of various psychiatric disorders such as depression, schizophrenia, obsessive-compulsive disorder, Tourette's disorder, nicotine and cocaine addiction, and pathological gambling...
November 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075558/the-medium-latency-muscle-response-to-a-vestibular-perturbation-is-increased-after-depression-of-the-cerebellar-vermis
#10
Chris K Lam, William R Staines, Craig D Tokuno, Leah R Bent
INTRODUCTION: Galvanic vestibular stimulation (GVS) is able to evoke distinct responses in the muscles used for balance. These reflexes, termed the short (SL) and medium latency (ML) responses, can be altered by sensory input; decreasing in size when additional sensory cues are available. Although much is known about these responses, the origin and role of the responses are still not fully understood. It has been suggested that the cerebellum, a structure that is involved in postural control and sensory integration, may play a role in the modulation of these reflexes...
October 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073474/effects-of-continuous-theta-burst-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-on-cortical-excitability-in-patients-with-idiopathic-generalized-epilepsy
#11
Guray Koc, Zeki Gokcil, Semai Bek, Tayfun Kasikci, Erdal Eroglu, Zeki Odabasi
INTRODUCTION: Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a noninvasive technique for investigating cortical physiologic functions in the brain. In this study, the effects of continuous theta burst stimulation (cTBS) on motor evoked potential (MEP) parameters in patients with idiopathic generalized epilepsy (IGE) were investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifteen patients with IGE were included. Motor threshold (MT) and cortical silent period (CSP) were determined before cTBS application...
October 23, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070879/language-learning-in-the-adult-brain-disrupting-the-dorsolateral-prefrontal-cortex-facilitates-word-form-learning
#12
Eleonore H M Smalle, Muriel Panouilleres, Arnaud Szmalec, Riikka Möttönen
Adults do not learn languages as easily as children do. It has been hypothesized that the late-developing prefrontal cortex that supports executive functions competes with procedural learning mechanisms that are important for language learning. To address this hypothesis, we tested whether a temporary neural disruption of the left Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex (DLPFC) can improve implicit, procedural learning of word-forms in adults. Young adults were presented with repeating audio-visual sequences of syllables for immediate serial recall in a Hebb repetition learning task that simulates word-form learning...
October 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063831/theta-burst-microstimulation-in-the-human-entorhinal-area-improves-memory-specificity
#13
Ali S Titiz, Michael R H Hill, Emily A Mankin, Zahra M Aghajan, Dawn Eliashiv, Natalia Tchemodanov, Uri Maoz, John Stern, Michelle E Tran, Peter Schuette, Eric Behnke, Nanthia A Suthana, Itzhak Fried
The hippocampus is critical for episodic memory, and synaptic changes induced by long-term potentiation (LTP) are thought to underlie memory formation. In rodents, hippocampal LTP may be induced through electrical stimulation of the perforant path. To test whether similar techniques could improve episodic memory in humans, we implemented a microstimulation technique that allowed delivery of low-current electrical stimulation via 100 μm-diameter microelectrodes. As thirteen neurosurgical patients performed a person recognition task, microstimulation was applied in a theta-burst pattern, shown to optimally induce LTP...
October 24, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042188/network-based-brain-stimulation-selectively-impairs-spatial-retrieval
#14
Kamin Kim, Amber Schedlbauer, Matthew Rollo, Suganya Karunakaran, Arne D Ekstrom, Nitin Tandon
BACKGROUND: Direct brain stimulation via electrodes implanted for intracranial electroencephalography (iEEG) permits the modulation of endogenous electrical signals with significantly greater spatial and temporal specificity than non-invasive approaches. It also allows for the stimulation of deep brain structures important to memory, such as the hippocampus, that are difficult, if not impossible, to target non-invasively. Direct stimulation studies of these deep memory structures, though, have produced mixed results, with some reporting improvement, some impairment, and others, no consistent changes...
October 5, 2017: Brain Stimulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028501/interindividual-variability-in-response-to-continuous-theta-burst-stimulation-in-healthy-adults
#15
Ali Jannati, Gabrielle Block, Lindsay M Oberman, Alexander Rotenberg, Alvaro Pascual-Leone
OBJECTIVE: We used complete-linkage cluster analysis to identify healthy subpopulations with distinct responses to continuous theta-burst stimulation (cTBS). METHODS: 21 healthy adults (age±SD, 36.9±15.2years) underwent cTBS of left motor cortex. Natural log-transformed motor evoked potentials (LnMEPs) at 5-50min post-cTBS (T5-T50) were calculated. RESULTS: Two clusters were found; Group 1 (n=12) that showed significant MEP facilitation at T15, T20, and T50 (p's<0...
November 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984621/the-effects-of-exercise-on-cognitive-function-and-brain-plasticity-a-feasibility-trial
#16
Joyce Gomes-Osman, Danylo F Cabral, Carrie Hinchman, Ali Jannati, Timothy P Morris, Alvaro Pascual-Leone
BACKGROUND: Exercise-mediated cognitive improvements can be at least partly attributed to neuroplastic changes in the nervous system, and may be influenced by the Val66Met polymorphism of the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) can be used to assess mechanisms of plasticity in humans noninvasively. OBJECTIVES: To assess the feasibility of evaluating the effects of short-term regular exercise on cognitive performance, and to evaluate the relationship between these effects, TMS measures of plasticity, and BDNF Met carrier status in young healthy sedentary adults...
2017: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976633/imaging-neuronal-structure-dynamics-using-two-photon-super-resolution-patterned-excitation-reconstruction-super-microscopy
#17
Ben E Urban, Lei Xiao, Biqin Dong, Siyu Chen, Yevgenia Kozorovitskiy, Hao F Zhang
Visualizing fine neuronal structures deep inside strong light-scattering brain tissue remains a challenge in neuroscience. Recent nanoscopy techniques have reached the necessary resolution, but often suffer from limited imaging depth, long imaging time, or high light fluence requirements. Here, we present two-photon Super-resolution Patterned Excitation Reconstruction (2P-SuPER) microscopy for three-dimensional imaging of dendritic spine dynamics at a maximum demonstrated imaging depth of 130 μm in living brain tissue with approximately 100 nm spatial resolution...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970790/transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-reveals-executive-control-dissociation-in-the-rostral-prefrontal-cortex
#18
Weijiang He, Chenggui Fan, Ling Li
Although previous studies have shown that the rostral prefrontal cortex (rPFC) plays a crucial role in executive tasks, the various functions of the rPFC in the humans are still understudied. Here we used transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) with continuous theta burst stimulation (cTBS) to interfere with the executive control functions of the right rostrolateral PFC (RLPFC) or the right rostromedial PFC (RMPFC). Subjects performed a task-switching paradigm, which included spatial detection (SD), prospective memory (PM) and working memory (WM) tasks, after cTBS...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956646/effectiveness-of-central-plus-peripheral-stimulation-cpps-on-post-stroke-upper-limb-motor-rehabilitation
#19
Fayaz Rahman Khan, Mohamed Faisal Chevidikunnan
PURPOSE: This study was to assess the motor-cortex integrity and reaction time of the upper limb in patients early after stroke after CPPS approach with Theta Burst Stimulation (TBS) an repetitive Trans-cranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) paradigm and Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation (NMES). METHODS: Ten patients and ten age matched controls underwent three experimental sessions in three consecutive weeks. First-week W1 (TBS) with TBS alone, second-week W2 (NMES) with NMES alone and third-week W3 (TBS + NMES) with both TBS and NMES given sequentially...
2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953034/efficacy-of-noninvasive-brain-stimulation-on-unilateral-neglect-after-stroke-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Jingjing Fan, Yi Li, Yonghong Yang, Yun Qu, Shasha Li
OBJECTIVE: Unilateral neglect (UN) is a common debilitating consequence of stroke. This review focused on the effect of noninvasive brain stimulation (NIBS) techniques in the recovery of UN in poststroke patients. METHODS: Relevant databases were comprehensively searched, including Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Medline, Embase, the Web of Knowledge, and relevant websites. All randomized controlled trials were identified which used NIBS for poststroke UN...
September 25, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
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