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Elder exercise

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244112/the-effect-of-descriptive-age-norms-on-the-motivation-to-exercise-among-older-adults
#1
Johan Pelssers, Katrien Fransen, Norbert Vanbeselaere, Filip Boen
Based on the principles of the Social Identity Approach (SIA), the present experiment aimed to examine the impact of communicating descriptive age norms on older adults' autonomous motivation to exercise. Under the cover of a marketing study, older adults (n = 120; age = 65-70 years) participated in a newly created exercise activity, 'Pattern Stepping'. This activity was framed as an activity that was descriptively normative either for older adults, for younger adults, for both groups, or for none. Repeated measures ANOVAs revealed that participants felt greater satisfaction of their basic psychological needs and were more autonomously motivated to exercise if Pattern Stepping was framed as an activity popular among the young, rather than among older adults...
December 12, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241506/quality-of-life-and-self-care-in-elderly-patients-with-cardiovascular-diseases-the-effect-of-a-traditional-chinese-medicine-health-educational-intervention
#2
Yi-Qin Sun, An-Li Jiang, San-Mei Chen, Hui Li, Hai-Yan Xing, Fang Wang
AIMS: To explore the effects of a Traditional Chinese Medicine health educational intervention on the quality of life and self-care agency of elderly patients living with chronic cardiovascular disease. BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The secondary prevention and treatment for chronic cardiovascular disease emphasize the importance of lifestyle modification. However, behavior-changing is difficult and individual choices are influenced by broader environmental factors...
December 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239310/micrornas-as-diagnostic-markers-and-therapeutic-targets-for-traumatic-brain-injury
#3
REVIEW
Bridget Martinez, Philip V Peplow
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is characterized by primary damage to the brain from the external mechanical force and by subsequent secondary injury due to various molecular and pathophysiological responses that eventually lead to neuronal cell death. Secondary brain injury events may occur minutes, hours, or even days after the trauma, and provide valuable therapeutic targets to prevent further neuronal degeneration. At the present time, there is no effective treatment for TBI due, in part, to the widespread impact of numerous complex secondary biochemical and pathophysiological events occurring at different time points following the initial injury...
November 2017: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238389/the-role-of-physical-activity-on-mood-state-and-functional-skills-of-elderly-women
#4
Renato Sobral Monteiro-Junior, Vinicius Dias Rodrigues, Carlos Campos, Flávia Paes, Eric Murillo-Rodriguez, Geraldo A Maranhão-Neto, Sergio Machado
Introduction: Ageing is associated with several physical, psychological and behavioral changes. These changes are closely related with global health and functional capacity in the elderly. Mood disturbances are common among the elderly and may significantly increase apathy, resulting in decreased habitual physical activity levels. Materials and Methods: The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the mood state and functional motor capacities of elderly women engaged in a public physical activity program in Brazil and compare them with physically inactive elderly...
2017: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238004/frailty-in-elderly-diabetes-patients
#5
Toshihiko Yanase, Ikumi Yanagita, Kazuo Muta, Hajime Nawata
Frailty is a state of vulnerability and a consequence of cumulative decline in multiple physiological systems over a lifespan. The occurrence of frailty depends on deterioration in muscle and nerve function, declining cardiopulmonary reserve and loss of executive function. Diabetes mellitus (DM) often causes functional impairment in each of the above systems, thus leading to a loss of whole body homeostasis and deterioration in physical function. Inability of self-management in DM patients may also have considerable impact on the development of sarcopenia/frailty...
December 14, 2017: Endocrine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232315/beneficial-effects-of-exercise-pretreatment-in-a-sporadic-alzheimer-s-rat-model
#6
Chongyun Wu, Luodan Yang, Donovan Tucker, Yan Dong, Ling Zhu, Rui Duan, Timon Cheng-Yi Liu, Quanguang Zhang
PURPOSE: This study aimed to examine the effects of swimming exercise pretreatment on a streptozotocin (STZ)-induced sporadic Alzheimer's disease rat model and provide an initial understanding of related molecular mechanisms. METHODS: Male 2.5-month-old Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into the following 4 groups: a) control, b) swim + vehicle, c) STZ without swim, and d) swim + STZ. The Barnes Maze task and Novel Object Recognition test were used to measure hippocampus-dependent spatial learning and working memory, respectively...
December 11, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230719/resveratrol-and-or-exercise-training-counteract-aging-associated-decline-of-physical-endurance-in-aged-mice-targeting-mitochondrial-biogenesis-and-function
#7
Marwa Hassan Muhammad, Mona Maher Allam
Mitochondrial dysfunction and decreased mitochondrial content are hallmarks of aging that leads to decreased physical endurance. Our aim was to explore the anti-aging effect of resveratrol (RSVT) supplementation, a polyphenol, and/or exercise training, started at an older age, on improving physical activity, therefore, help in frailty avoidance and promotion of healthy aging in elderly. Eighteen-month-old aged mice received RSVT (15 mg/kg/day) and/or exercise trained for 4 weeks showed significant longer time to exhaustion with decreased blood lactate and free fatty acids levels associated with improved oxidative stress evidenced by decreased gastrocnemius muscle lipid peroxidation and increased antioxidant enzymes activities, catalase and superoxide dismutase, when compared to aged mice control group...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Physiological Sciences: JPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228514/gait-speed-predicts-post-operative-medical-complications-in-elderly-gastric-cancer-patients-undergoing-gastrectomy
#8
Arvine Chandoo, Chu-Huai Chi, Weiping Ji, Yingpeng Huang, Xiao-Dong Chen, Wei-Teng Zhang, Rui-Sen Wu, Xian Shen
BACKGROUND: Gait speed is a clinical outcome that can measure the physical performance of elderly gastric patients. The purpose of this study was to determine the importance of gait speed in predicting post-operative morbidities in elderly patients undergoing curative gastrectomy. METHODS: We conducted a prospective study of 357 elderly patients (≥65 years old) undergoing curative gastrectomy. Preoperative gait speed was measured in a 6-m well-lit and unobstructed hallway...
December 11, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226282/feasibility-of-conducting-a-6-month-long-home-based-exercise-program-with-protein-supplementation-in-elderly-community-dwelling-individuals-with-heart-failure
#9
Masil George, Gohar Azhar, Amanda Pangle, Eric Peeler, Amanda Dawson, Robert Coker, Kellie S Coleman, Amy Schrader, Jeanne Wei
Objective: Cardiac cachexia is a condition associated with heart failure, particularly in the elderly, and is characterized by loss of muscle mass with or without the loss of fat mass. Approximately 15% of elderly heart failure patients will eventually develop cardiac cachexia; such a diagnosis is closely associated with high morbidity and increased mortality. While the mechanism(s) involved in the progression of cardiac cachexia is incompletely established, certain factors appear to be contributory...
2017: Journal of Physiotherapy & Physical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225812/the-utility-of-whole-body-vibration-exercise-in-haemodialysis-patients-a-pilot-study
#10
Arthur Doyle, Karen Chalmers, David J Chinn, Fiona McNeill, Nicola Dall, Christopher H Grant
Background: Exercise improves physical capacity in patients with end-stage renal disease on haemodialysis (HD), but few patients engage in it. Whole-body vibration exercise (WBVE) is a novel protocol that has been shown to benefit frail elderly patients' rehabilitation. We assessed the utility of WBVE before HD sessions and tested methods to inform the design of a randomized controlled trial (RCT). Methods: Physical condition and quality of life were assessed at enrolment and repeated 2 weeks later in a pilot study of 49 patients undergoing regular HD...
December 2017: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224090/men-are-from-mars-women-are-from-venus-sex-differences-in-insulin-action-and-secretion
#11
Ananda Basu, Simmi Dube, Rita Basu
Sex difference plays a substantial role in the regulation of glucose metabolism in healthy glucose-tolerant humans. The factors which may contribute to the sex-related differences in glucose metabolism include differences in lifestyle (diet and exercise), sex hormones, and body composition. Several epidemiological and observational studies have noted that impaired glucose tolerance is more common in women than men. Some of these studies have attributed this to differences in body composition, while others have attributed impaired insulin sensitivity as a cause of impaired glucose tolerance in women...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221898/exercise-merging-physical-and-cognitive-stimulation-improves-physical-fitness-and-cognitive-functioning-in-older-nursing-home-residents-a-pilot-study
#12
José Marmeleira, Luís Galhardas, Armando Raimundo
The main purpose of this pilot study was to examine the feasibility and the effects of a multimodal exercise intervention on the physical and cognitive functioning of institutionalized older people. Twenty-one older adults (83.5 ± 4.9 years) living in two nursing home residences, were tested on two occasions 4 weeks apart to establish a baseline measure, and then engage in the exercise program twice weekly for 8 weeks. Participants were tested again after the exercise program. Almost all physical fitness and cognitive tests were unchanged at baseline measures, but after the exercise program, significant improvements (p < 0...
December 5, 2017: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216339/exercise-training-for-preventing-dementia-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-clinically-meaningful-cognitive-decline-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Philipe de Souto Barreto, Laurent Demougeot, Bruno Vellas, Yves Rolland
BACKGROUND: To assess the effects of long-term exercise on the onset of dementia, mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and other clinically meaningful cognitive decline in the elderly. METHODS: Systematic review with preplanned meta-analysis. Electronic searches were performed between November 2016 and May 2017. RCTs examining the effects of long-term exercise (intervention length 12 months or longer) on the onset of dementia, MCI, or clinically meaningful cognitive decline in older adults without dementia at baseline were eligible...
December 5, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210932/score-distributions-of-the-balance-outcome-measure-for-elder-rehabilitation-boomer-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-with-vertebral-fracture
#14
Zachary M Brown, Jenna C Gibbs, Jonathan D Adachi, Maureen C Ashe, Keith D Hill, David L Kendler, Aliya Khan, Alexandra Papaioannou, Sadhana Prasad, John D Wark, Lora M Giangregorio
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We sought to evaluate the Balance Outcome Measure for Elder Rehabilitation (BOOMER) in community-dwelling women 65 years and older with vertebral fracture and to describe score distributions and potential ceiling and floor effects. METHODS: This was a secondary data analysis of baseline data from the Build Better Bones with Exercise randomized controlled trial using the BOOMER. A total of 141 women with osteoporosis and radiographically confirmed vertebral fracture were included...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209633/protein-intake-especially-vegetable-protein-intake-is-associated-with-higher-skeletal-muscle-mass-in-elderly-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#15
Akane Miki, Yoshitaka Hashimoto, Shinobu Matsumoto, Emi Ushigome, Takuya Fukuda, Takafumi Sennmaru, Muhei Tanaka, Masahiro Yamazaki, Michiaki Fukui
Background/Aims: Protein intake is important for maintaining muscle mass in general population. However, it remains to be elucidated the association between dietary protein intake and skeletal muscle mass in elderly patients with type 2 diabetes. Methods: In this cross-sectional study of 168 elderly patients with type 2 diabetes, we investigated the relationship between skeletal muscle index (SMI) and protein intake. Bioimpedance analysis was used for measurement for skeletal muscle mass (kg) and SMI (%), which was defined as skeletal muscle mass (kg)/total body weight (kg) × 100...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208036/informal-care-and-health-behaviors-among-elderly-people-with-chronic-diseases
#16
Hong Wu, Naiji Lu
BACKGROUND: The mechanism by which social relationships influence health can be interpreted as a social network regulating one's health behaviors. Based on the hypothesis that relatives, friends, or neighbors are sources of social support and may monitor one's health behaviors, researchers have gotten significant and consistent results that a social network can regulate health behaviors. However, few empirical studies have been conducted to examine the role of informal care in the regulation of health behaviors, especially for elderly individuals with chronic diseases that can be controlled by healthy behaviors...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200645/changes-in-fatigue-and-physical-function-with-age-for-patients-with-gastrointestinal-cancer-in-the-perioperative-period-a-comparison-between-older-and-young-patients
#17
Eisuke Kogure, Tsuyoshi Hara, Takaya Ishii, Masaharu Maeda
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine changes in fatigue and physical function with age for groups of patients with gastrointestinal cancer in the perioperative period. [Subjects and Methods] The study involved 52 patients with gastrointestinal cancer (28 males and 24 females, aged 62.4 ± 12.0 years). The subjects were divided into two groups: those 65 or over (the so-called elderly group,) and those 64 or under (the so-called young group). The six minute walk distance (6MWD), Cancer Fatigue Scale (CFS), and serum albumin (ALB) were evaluated on three occasions: before surgery, after surgery and after discharge...
November 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200633/effects-of-silver-gymnastic-exercises-on-aging-related-hormones-in-elderly-women-living-alone
#18
Sangsoo Kim, Sungbum Ju
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of silver gymnastic exercises on aging-related hormones in elderly women living alone. [Subjects and Methods] The study group consisted of 20 elderly women living alone who performed the silver gymnastic exercises for 12 weeks. Blood samples were obtained for measurement of aging-related hormones (human growth hormone [HGH] and estrogen). [Results] HGH and estrogen levels increased significantly after the exercise program as compared to before the program...
November 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200093/ace-gene-plays-a-key-role-in-reducing-blood-pressure-in-hypertensive-elderlies-after-resistance-training-resistance-exercise-and-ace-polymorphism
#19
Fábio T Montrezol, Rodolfo Marinho, Glória de F A da, Vânia D'Almeida, Edilamar M de Oliveira, Ricardo J Gomes, Alessandra Medeiros
Hypertension is a difficult disease to control and exercise training plays a key role in hypertension control. Some individuals are not responsive to exercise training, so we highlight the polymorphism of angiotensin I converting enzyme, as a factor responsible for this lack of responsiveness. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of ACE (I/D) genotypes on effects of resistance training on blood pressure and chronic inflammation. Eighty-six hypertensive volunteers, aged between 60 and 80, were evaluated...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197204/effect-of-hbm-rehabilitation-exercises-on-depression-anxiety-and-health-belief-in-elderly-patients-with-osteoporotic-fracture
#20
Ming Zhang
BACKGROUND: Guided by the health belief model (HBM), this study provided elderly patients with osteoporotic fracture with health education concerning osteoporosis (OP) prevention, carried out rehabilitation exercises based on HBM, and evaluated the intervention effect of HBM rehabilitation exercises, to offer a scientific basis for improving the prognosis of elderly patients with OP fracture. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 162 elderly patients with OP fracture treated in three third-grade general hospitals of Jiangsu Province from January 2016 to September 2016 participated in this study...
December 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
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