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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679658/effective-multicomponent-interventions-in-comparison-to-active-control-and-no-interventions-on-physical-capacity-cognitive-function-and-instrumental-activities-of-daily-living-in-elderly-people-with-and-without-mild-impaired-cognition-a-systematic-review-and
#1
REVIEW
Marina Bruderer-Hofstetter, Anne-Kathrin Rausch-Osthoff, André Meichtry, Thomas Münzer, Karin Niedermann
Multicomponent interventions (MCT) combine physical exercises and cognitive training and seem to be most effective in improving cognition in elderly people. However, literature is inconclusive if MCTs are superior to active comparison interventions, if delivery modes matter, and if people can transfer achieved effects to instrumental activities of daily living (IADL). This network meta-analysis aimed to a) identify MCTs that were effective on physical capacity and/or cognitive function and able to transfer these effects into IADL in elderly people with normal cognition (NC) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI); b) provide a rating on the best interventions per outcome; c) evaluate MCTs' mode of delivery...
April 18, 2018: Ageing Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674605/brain-training-games-enhance-cognitive-function-in-healthy-subjects
#2
Abdulrahman Al-Thaqib, Fahad Al-Sultan, Abdullah Al-Zahrani, Fahad Al-Kahtani, Khalid Al-Regaiey, Muhammad Iqbal, Shahid Bashir
BACKGROUND Brain training games (BTG) are believed to play a major role in improving cognitive functions. The current study evaluated if BTG showed positive impact on attention and memory functions compared with baseline visit in healthy subjects. MATERIAL AND METHODS The study was carried out from October 2015 until April 2016 in the Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, King Saud University and in King Khalid University Hospital (KKUH), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. We enrolled 51 normal healthy subjects to use a computerized cognitive training game (Lumosity) for exercises that target a range of cognitive functions, including attention, processing speed, visual memory, and executive functions for about 15 min per day, at least 7 days per week, for 3 weeks...
April 20, 2018: Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673837/movements-of-older-adults-during-exergaming-interventions-that-are-associated-with-the-systems-framework-for-postural-control-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Robin Tahmosybayat, Katherine Baker, Alan Godfrey, Nick Caplan, Gill Barry
One in three older adults fall annually, in part due to impairments in the physiological systems that make up the postural control (PC) system. Exercise, particularly balance training, helps to prevent deterioration and even to improve outcomes in the PC system. Exergaming (exercise-gaming) is interactive computer gaming whereby an individual moves the body in response to onscreen cues in a playful format. Exergaming is an alternative method to standard practice for improving PC outcomes, which has been shown to reduce the risk of falling...
May 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670476/the-effect-of-tai-chi-exercise-on-the-risk-and-fear-of-falling-in-older-adults-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#4
Hamed Mortazavi, Mahbubeh Tabatabaeichehr, Ali Golestani, Mohammad Reza Armat, Mohammad Reza Yousefi
Background: Falling and fear of falling are among the most common problems of the elderly, which can cause illness, isolation, dependency and reduced quality of life in elderly. Exercise is recommended to prevent falling injuries in the elderly. Aim: This study aimed to examine the effect of Tai Chi exercise on the risk and fear of falling in older adults. Materials and Methods: In this randomized clinical trial, a total of 60 male and female elderly were randomly divided into two groups: Tai Chi exercise and control (daily activities) groups...
March 2018: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668326/effects-of-aging-and-exercise-training-on-leg-hemodynamics-and-oxidative-metabolism-in-the-transition-from-rest-to-steady-state-exercise-role-of-cgmp-signaling
#5
Peter Piil, Tue Smith Jørgensen, Jon Egelund, Nicolai Rytter, Lasse Gliemann, Jens Bangsbo, Ylva Hellsten, Michael Nyberg
Aging is associated with slower skeletal muscle O2 uptake (VO2 ) kinetics; however, the mechanisms underlying this effect of age are unclear. Also, the effects of exercise training in elderly on the initial vascular and metabolic response to exercise remain to be elucidated. We measured leg hemodynamics and oxidative metabolism in the transition from rest to steady state exercise engaging the knee-extensor muscles in young (n=15, 25{plus minus}1 years) and older (n=15, 72{plus minus}1 years) subjects before and after a period of aerobic high-intensity exercise training...
April 18, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667159/physical-activity-throughout-the-adult-life-span-and-domain-specific-cognitive-function-in-old-age-a-systematic-review-of-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-data
#6
REVIEW
Tobias Engeroff, Tobias Ingmann, Winfried Banzer
BACKGROUND: A growing body of literature suggests that physical activity might alleviate the age-related neurodegeneration and decline of cognitive function. However, most of this evidence is based on data investigating the association of exercise interventions or current physical activity behavior with cognitive function in elderly subjects. OBJECTIVE: We performed a systematic review and hypothesize that physical activity during the adult life span is connected with maintained domain-specific cognitive functions during late adulthood defined as age 60+ years...
April 17, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662308/hypoglycemic-and-antioxidant-effect-of-tai-chi-exercise-training-in-older-adults-with-metabolic-syndrome
#7
Víctor Manuel Mendoza-Núñez, Taide Laurita Arista-Ugalde, Juana Rosado-Pérez, Mirna Ruiz-Ramos, Edelmiro Santiago-Osorio
Introduction: The antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of Tai chi (TC) exercise training in healthy older adults has been demonstrated. However, there are no studies on this effect in older adults with metabolic syndrome (MetS). Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of TC exercise on oxidative stress and inflammatory markers in older adults with MetS. Methods: A quasi-experimental study was carried out with a sample of 110 older sedentary volunteers with clinical diagnoses of MetS: (i) a control group, n = 50, of individuals who do not participate in physical exercise, of which 37 fulfilled the entire study protocol, and (ii) an experimental group, n = 60, of subjects enrolled in a TC exercise training program (eight-form easy), 5 days a week for 6 months, in sessions of 50 min, under the supervision of a qualified instructor, of which 48 fulfilled the entire study protocol...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662306/short-term-vascular-hemodynamic-responses-to-isometric-exercise-in-young-adults-and-in-the-elderly
#8
Renee Hartog, Davide Bolignano, Eric Sijbrands, Giacomo Pucci, Francesco Mattace-Raso
Background: Vascular aging is known to induce progressive stiffening of the large elastic arteries, altering vascular hemodynamics under both rest and stress conditions. In this study, we aimed to investigate changes in vascular hemodynamics in response to isometric handgrip exercise across ages. Participants and methods: We included 62 participants, who were divided into three age categories: 20-40 (n=22), 41-60 (n=20), and 61-80 (n=20) years. Vascular hemodynamics were measured using the Mobil-o-Graph® based on the pulsatile pressure changes in the brachial artery...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661150/a-moderate-500-m-treadmill-walk-for-estimating-peak-oxygen-uptake-in-men-with-nyha-class-i-ii-heart-failure-and-reduced-left-ventricular-ejection-fraction
#9
Gianni Mazzoni, Biagio Sassone, Giovanni Pasanisi, Jonathan Myers, Simona Mandini, Stefano Volpato, Francesco Conconi, Giorgio Chiaranda, Giovanni Grazzi
BACKGROUND: Maximal cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPX) is the gold-standard for cardiorespiratory fitness assessment in chronic heart failure (CHF) patients. However, high costs, required medical supervision, and safety concerns make maximal exercise testing impractical for evaluating mobility-impaired adults. Thus, several submaximal walking protocols have been developed and currently used to estimate peak oxygen consumption (VO2 peak) in CHF patients. However, these tests have to be performed at close to maximum exercise intensity...
April 16, 2018: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651817/two-cases-of-chloromethylisothiazolinone-and-methylisothiazolinone-associated-toxic-lung-injury
#10
Eun Lee, Seung Kook Son, Jisun Yoon, Hyun Ju Cho, Song I Yang, Sungsu Jung, Kyung Hyun Do, Young Ah Cho, So Yeon Lee, Dong Uk Park, Soo Jong Hong
Previous animal studies have not conclusively determined the association between exposure to humidifier disinfectants (HDs) containing 5-chloro-2-methyl-4-isothiazolin-3-one (CMIT) and/or 2-methyl-4-isothiazolin-3-one (MIT) and development of HD-associated lung injuries. Nonetheless, patients exposed to HDs containing only CMIT and/or MIT showed clinically similar lung injuries to those exposed to HDs containing polyhexamethylene guanidine (PHMG) or oligo (2-[2-ethoxy]ethoxyethyl) guanidinium chloride (PGH)...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644763/correlation-of-quality-of-life-with-risk-factors-for-first-incident-hip-fracture-in-postmenopausal-women
#11
Fang-Ping Chen, Tsai-Sheng Fu, Yu-Ching Lin, Chih-Ming Fan
AIM: The aim of this study was to identify the correlation between health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and risk factors of first-incidence hip fracture in postmenopausal women. METHODS: This case-control study included 99 postmenopausal women with first-incident hip fracture and 101 women without hip fracture who were matched according to age. Evaluation consisted of clinical factors, 36-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry for bone mineral density of hip and spine...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643594/the-effect-of-a-vr-exercise-program-on-falls-and-depression-in-the-elderly-with-mild-depression-in-the-local-community
#12
Jong-Eun Yang, Tac-Young Lee, Jin-Kyung Kim
[Purpose] The purpose of this study is to explore the effect of a VR exercise program on falls and depression in the elderly with mild depression who reside in the local community. [Subjects and Methods] This study was performed by targeting 15 elderly subjects with mild depression who resided in the local community. The targeted subjects voluntarily selected 3 VR exercise programs (each lasting 10 minutes) among 4 activities, and a resting time of 5 minutes was given for an interval after each activity. The VR exercise program was performed for total 12 weeks (36 times), 3 times a week, 45 minutes per session...
December 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643582/the-effect-of-balance-exercises-and-computerized-cognitive-training-on-psychomotor-performance-in-elderly
#13
Morteza Taheri, Khadijeh Irandoust
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of balance and computerized cognitive training on psychomotor performance in elderly females. [Subjects and Methods] Twentynine elderly females with the mean age of 63-71 years old were applied voluntarily and randomly allocated to four groups: balance training (3 d/wk for 12 wk), balance training with computerized cognitive training (3 d/wk for 12 wk), computerized cognitive training group and control group. Psychomotor performance of all subjects was measured by Vienna Test System which was a computerized psychological assessment tool...
December 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628812/exercise-therapy-for-a-patient-with-parkinson-disease-and-back-pain-a-case-report
#14
Christina L Rosarion
Objective: The purpose of this report is to describe an exercise intervention for an elderly patient with Parkinson disease with a chief complaint of lower back pain. Clinical Features: The patient was an 85-year-old man who had been diagnosed with Parkinson disease and kyphosis. Back pain was preventing him from carrying out activities of daily living. He was referred for physical therapy for treatment to reduce lower back pain and increase function. An initial examination consisted of testing flexibility and range of motion and administering a pain severity scale and a Lower Extremity Functional Index (LEFI); the patient's initial LEFI score was 14/80...
March 2018: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628040/-patterns-of-brain-ageing
#15
Carlos Fernández Viadero, Rosario Verduga Vélez, Dámaso Crespo Santiago
Neuroplasticity lends the brain a strong ability to adapt to changes in the environment that occur during ageing. Animal models have shown alterations in neurotransmission and imbalances in the expression of neural growth factor. Changes at the morphometric level are not constant. Volume loss is related to alterations in neuroplasticity and involvement of the cerebral neuropil. Although there are no conclusive data, physical exercise improves the molecular, biological, functional and behavioural-cognitive changes associated with brain ageing...
June 2017: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627040/insulin-resistance-and-cognitive-test-performance-in-elderly-adults-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-nhanes
#16
Ayesha Z Sherzai, Magda Shaheen, Jeffrey J Yu, Konrad Talbot, Dean Sherzai
OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationship between homeostatic model of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and cognitive test performance among population≥60years in a national database. HYPOTHESIS: Higher insulin resistance is associated with lower cognitive test performance score in the population≥60years. PARTICIPANTS: We analyzed data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2000 and 2001-2002. MEASUREMENTS: Cognitive test performance was measured by the Digit Symbol Substitution (DSS) exercise score...
May 15, 2018: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624984/geriatric-intervention-strategy-to-enhance-the-social-roles-of-the-elderly
#17
Marcelo Piña-Morán, María Gladys Olivo-Viana, María de la Luz Martínez-Maldonado, Víctor Manuel Mendoza-Núñez
At the global level, population aging is an issue that is becoming increasingly important due to the great impact it will have on the 21st century society. It is essential to develop policies, strategies and actions aimed at addressing the issues that will arise from the rapid increase in this segment of population. The aim of this paper is to propose the geriatric intervention as a strategy for the development of the older people in their community. We expose the epistemological frame, the theoretical and methodological support and the need to find a language to incorporate the older adult actively to society, in a condition of total equality...
2018: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623692/daily-muscle-stretching-enhances-blood-flow-endothelial-function-capillarity-vascular-volume-and-connectivity-in-aged-skeletal-muscle
#18
Kazuki Hotta, Bradley J Behnke, Bahram Arjmandi, Payal Ghosh, Bei Chen, Rachael Brooks, Joshua J Maraj, Marcus L Elam, Patrick Maher, Daniel Kurien, Alexandra Churchill, Jaime L Sepulveda, Max B Kabolowsky, Demetra D Christou, Judy M Muller-Delp
KEY POINTS: In aged rats, daily muscle stretching increases blood flow to skeletal muscle during exercise. Daily muscle stretching enhanced endothelium-dependent vasodilatation of skeletal muscle resistance arterioles of aged rats. Angiogenic markers and capillarity increased in response to daily stretching in muscles of aged rats. Muscle stretching performed with a splint could provide a feasible means of improving muscle blood flow and function in elderly patients who cannot perform regular aerobic exercise...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621686/examination-of-sustainability-indicators-for-fall-prevention-strategies-in-three-states
#19
Matthew Lee Smith, Nicholas K Durrett, Ellen C Schneider, Imani N Byers, Tiffany E Shubert, Ashley D Wilson, Samuel D Towne, Marcia G Ory
With 1-in-4 older adults suffering a fall each year, fall prevention efforts have emerged as a public health priority. Multi-level, evidence-based fall prevention programs have been promoted by the CDC and other government agencies. To ensure participants and communities receive programs' intended benefits, organizations must repeatedly deliver the programs over time and plan for program sustainability as part of 'scaling up' the initiative. The State Falls Prevention Project (SFPP) began in 2011 when the CDC provided 5 years of funding to State Departments of Health in Colorado, New York, and Oregon to simultaneously implement four fall prevention strategies: 1) Tai Chi: Moving for Better Balance; 2) Stepping On; 3) Otago Exercise Program; and 4) STEADI (STopping Elderly Accidents, Deaths, and Injuries) toolkit...
February 13, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620558/effect-of-low-intensity-versus-high-intensity-resistance-training-on-the-functioning-of-the-institutionalized-frail-elderly
#20
Ulku K Sahin, Nuray Kirdi, Ergun Bozoglu, Aydin Meric, Galip Buyukturan, Ahmet Ozturk, Huseyin Doruk
Frailty has emerged as an important risk factor for disability. Age-related declines in physical and physiological function lead to increased risk of loss of independence and poor quality of life. Recent evidence has shown the effectiveness of physical exercise programmes in preventing or reversing frailty. The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in the functioning of frail elderly individuals after undergoing resistance training for 3 days a week for 8 weeks. The effectiveness of exercise training was investigated in 48 frail elderly individuals who were randomly assigned to the following intervention groups: high-intensity (HI; n=16; age: 69-96 years) or low-intensity (LI; n=16; age: 77-93 years) strength training groups or a control group (n=16; age: 76-93 years) with no specific exercise programme...
April 3, 2018: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
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