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Elder exercise

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454336/change-in-physical-activity-level-and-clinical-outcomes-in-older-adults-with-knee-pain-a-secondary-analysis-from-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#1
Jonathan G Quicke, Nadine E Foster, Peter R Croft, Reuben O Ogollah, Melanie A Holden
BACKGROUND: Exercise interventions improve clinical outcomes of pain and function in adults with knee pain due to osteoarthritis and higher levels of physical activity are associated with lower severity of pain and higher levels of physical functioning in older adults with knee osteoarthritis in cross-sectional studies. However, to date no studies have investigated if change in physical activity level during exercise interventions can explain clinical outcomes of pain and function. This study aimed to investigate if change in physical activity during exercise interventions is associated with future pain and physical function in older adults with knee pain...
February 17, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451638/-association-between-health-anthropometric-indexes-with-physical-fitness-in-physically-active-elderly-women
#2
Pablo Valdés-Badilla, Andrés Godoy-Cumillaf, Jenny Ortega-Spuler, Tomás Herrera-Valenzuela, Samuel Durán-Agüero, José Zapata-Bastias, Rodrigo Vargas-Vitoria, Eduardo Guzmán-Muñoz, Antonio López-Fuenzalida
OBJECTIVE: To associate health anthropometric indexes with physical fitness of elderly women (EW) who participate in physical exercise workshops. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 272 Chilean women over 60 years took part in the study. The variables studied were BMI, waist circumference (WC), waist-height index (WHI) and physical fitness (PF). Correlations were made through the Pearson or Spearman coefficient, and bivariate associations using Pearson's Chi-square and the Fisher's exact test, considering p<0...
November 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451419/physical-exercise-nutrition-and-hormones-three-pillars-to-fight-sarcopenia
#3
Paolo Sgrò, Massimiliano Sansone, Andrea Sansone, Stefania Sabatini, Paolo Borrione, Francesco Romanelli, Luigi Di Luigi
BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia is a pathophysiological condition diffused in elderly people; it represents a social issue due to the longer life expectancy and the growing aging population. It affects negatively quality of life and it represents a risk factor for other pathologies, such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and obesity. No silver bullet exists to hinder sarcopenia, but it may be counteracted by physical exercise, nutrition, and a proper endocrine milieu. Indeed, we aim to analyze the scientific literature to give to clinician effective advices to counteract sarcopenia...
February 16, 2018: Aging Male: the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445432/recurrent-intracerebral-hemorrhage-after-exercise-in-a-young-patient-presenting-with-sporadic-cerebral-amyloid-angiopathy-in-a-young-patient
#4
Muhammad Taimur Malik, Corey Myers, Syed Jaffar Kazmi, Ramin Zand
Cerebral Amyloid Angiopathy (CAA) is one of the significant causes of lobar intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) mainly among elderly people. Sporadic cases of CAA have been linked to genetic polymorphisms with an increased risk of disease, an earlier presentation, and an accelerated pathology [1]. Here, we present a patient with no significant risk factors who had a recurrent intracerebral hemorrhage secondary to CAA probably induced by exercise.
December 2017: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444740/associations-between-modifiable-lifestyle-factors-and-multidimensional-cognitive-health-among-community-dwelling-old-adults-stratified-by-educational-level
#5
Manqiong Yuan, Jia Chen, Yaofeng Han, Xingliang Wei, Zirong Ye, Liangwen Zhang, Y Alicia Hong, Ya Fang
BACKGROUND: Cognition is multidimensional, and each domain plays a unique and crucial part in successful daily life engagement. However, less attention has been paid to multi-domain cognitive health for the elderly, and the role of lifestyle factors in each domain remains unclear. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 3,230 older adults aged 60+ years in Xiamen, China, in 2016. The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) was used to measure general cognition and six specific sub-domains...
February 15, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444561/committed-to-be-fit-the-value-of-preoperative-care-in-the-perioperative-medicine-era
#6
Javier Ripollés-Melchor, Francesco Carli, Miquel Coca-Martínez, Macarena Barbero-Mielgo, José M Ramírez-Rodríguez, José A García-Erce
In the era of perioperative medicine, important advances have been made in the perioperative care of patients, usually within those known as Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) protocols. These have led to a decrease in postoperative complications and the duration of hospital stays; however, there is still a lack of preoperative care, which could make perioperative medicine more prominent. Elderly patients, malnourished, anaemic and ones with a low physical function before surgery are likely to have sub-optimal recovery from surgery...
February 14, 2018: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443878/skeletal-muscle-pathophysiology-the-emerging-role-of-spermine-oxidase-and-spermidine
#7
REVIEW
Manuela Cervelli, Alessia Leonetti, Guglielmo Duranti, Stefania Sabatini, Roberta Ceci, Paolo Mariottini
Skeletal muscle comprises approximately 40% of the total body mass. Preserving muscle health and function is essential for the entire body in order to counteract chronic diseases such as type II diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and cancer. Prolonged physical inactivity, particularly among the elderly, causes muscle atrophy, a pathological state with adverse outcomes such as poor quality of life, physical disability, and high mortality. In murine skeletal muscle C2C12 cells, increased expression of the spermine oxidase (SMOX) enzyme has been found during cell differentiation...
February 14, 2018: Medical Sciences: Open Access Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442289/correction-to-obstructive-sleep-apnea-does-not-impair-cardiorespiratory-responses-to-progressive-exercise-performed-until-exhaustion-in-hypertensive-elderly
#8
Bruno Teixeira Barbosa, Amilton da Cruz Santos, Murillo Frazão, Tulio Rocha Petrucci, Gabriel Grizzo Cucato, Adriana Oliveira Sarmento, Eduardo D S Freitas, Anna Myrna Jaguaribe de Lima, Maria do Socorro Brasileiro-Santos
The original version of this article was published online containing two items that require correction, namely the abstract (Results section) and Table 3.
February 13, 2018: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439339/plasma-antioxidant-status-in-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease-and-cognitively-intact-elderly-a-meta-analysis-of-case-control-studies
#9
Kathryn Mullan, Chris R Cardwell, Bernadette McGuinness, Jayne V Woodside, Gareth J McKay
Serum antioxidants may afford neuroprotection against Alzheimer's disease (AD) via correction of the pro-oxidative imbalance but findings reported have been inconsistent. We compared the pooled mean difference in serum levels of ten dietary antioxidants between patients with AD and cognitively intact controls from 52 studies in meta-analyses using random-effects models. Patients with AD had significantly lower plasma levels of α-carotene, β-carotene, lycopene, lutein, vitamin A, C, and E, and uric acid. No significant difference was observed for plasma levels of β-cryptoxanthin and zeaxanthin...
2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432893/improvement-of-cognitive-functions-in-response-to-a-regular-nordic-walking-training-in-elderly-women-a-change-dependent-on-the-training-experience
#10
A Gmiąt, J Jaworska, K Micielska, J Kortas, K Prusik, K Prusik, M Lipowski, A Radulska, N Szupryczyńska, J Antosiewicz, E Ziemann
Although regular physical activity is known to benefit health of aging populations, there are still many factors, which regulate exercise-induced adaptive changes. Among many vitamin D and myokines are under consideration. We, therefore, evaluated the influence of a single session of and regular Nordic Walking (NW) training combined with vitamin D supplementation on cognitive functions and muscle strength and some elements of the amino-acid profile. Thirty-five healthy elderly women (68 ± 5 years old) from health promotion programmes took part in the study...
February 9, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424155/-clinical-observation-on-the-effect-of-joint-mobilization-in-treating-elderly-patients-after-distal-radius-fractures-operation
#11
Xue-Feng Jia, Hong-Xin Cai, Ge-Sheng Lin, Ji-Shi Fang, Yong Wang, Zhi-Yong Wu, Xu-Hui Tu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of joint mobilization on postoperative wrist joint function, pain and grip strength for elderly patients with distal radius fracture. METHODS: From January 2015 to June 2016, a total of 67 elderly patients with distal radius fracture were randomly divided into routine exercise group and joint mobilization group. Among them, 37 patients in the routine exercise group underwent conventional distal radius fracture postoperative joint function exercise regimen, including 16 males and 21 females with a mean age of (67...
July 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421607/differences-in-muscle-adaptation-to-a-12-week-mixed-power-training-in-elderly-men-depending-on-usual-protein-intake
#12
M C Dulac, C H Pion, F Lemieux, G Boutros El Hajj, M Belanger, P Gaudreau, S Chevalier, J A Morais, G Gouspillou, M Aubertin-Leheudre
INTRODUCTION: Normal aging is often associated with a decline of muscle mass (MM), strength (MS) and quality (MQ: MS/MM), leading to functional incapacities. This aging-related deterioration of muscles may involve a decreased protein intake. Mixed power training has been recently shown to induce positive effects on MM, MS and MQ. However, to our knowledge, no study has examined if muscle adaptations following mixed power training could be influenced by the daily amount of protein ingested in elderly men...
February 5, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416549/actn3-morbidity-and-healthy-aging
#13
REVIEW
Craig Pickering, John Kiely
As human longevity increases, recent research has focused on the maintenance of optimal health during old age. One such area of focus is that of muscle function in the elderly, with a loss of muscle mass increasing the risk of negative outcomes such as sarcopenia and a decrease in bone mineral density. In this mini-review, we focus on the impact of a single nucleotide polymorphism in ACTN3, shown to impact muscle phenotype in elite athletes, on loss of muscle function, maintenance of bone mineral density, and metabolic disorder risk in an elderly population...
2018: Frontiers in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416326/developing-an-assessment-based-on-physical-fitness-age-to-evaluate-motor-function-in-frail-and-healthy-elderly-women
#14
Masaki Nakagaichi, Yuya Anan, Yuto Hikiji, Sou Uratani
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to identify a method for assessing physical fitness age that is easy to use with both frail and healthy elderly women and to examine its validity. Methods: Principal component analysis was used to develop a formula of physical fitness age from four motor function variables. The subjects comprised 688 (75.7±6.0 years) elderly women, in order to develop a physical fitness scale. The formula for calculating physical fitness age was expressed as physical fitness age =-0...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410580/changes-in-thickness-of-the-transversus-abdominis-during-the-abdominal-drawing-in-manoeuvre-and-expiratory-muscle-training-in-elderly-people
#15
Takamune Sugimoto, Masami Yokogawa, Hiroichi Miaki, Sachiko Madokoro, Takao Nakagawa
[Purpose] It has been reported that exercises focusing upon the transversus abdominis (TrA) ameliorate low back pain (LBP). We investigated whether expiratory muscle training (EMT) can promote activity of the TrA to the same degree as the abdominal drawing-in manoeuvre (ADIM) in elderly individuals. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-one elderly subjects (9 males, 12 females; mean age, 84.9 ± 6.6 years) without LBP symptoms were included. Using ultrasound imaging we measured changes in thickness of the lateral abdominal muscles, TrA, internal oblique muscle (IO), and external oblique muscle (EO) during ADIM and EMT...
January 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408452/aquarobic-exercises-improve-the-serum-blood-irisin-and-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-levels-in-elderly-women
#16
Ji-Hyeon Kim, Do-Yeon Kim
BACKGROUND: The increase in the prevalence of degenerative brain diseases owing to the growing elderly population is becoming a serious social issue, and regular exercises can be effective in preventing and treating such diseases. Irisin, one of the myokines expressed in the muscles during exercise, is highly associated with the expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). Therefore, the purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of aquarobic exercises on serum irisin and BDNF levels to help prevent and delay degenerative brain diseases in elderly women...
February 5, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406844/an-insight-into-the-effect-of-exercises-on-the-prevention-of-osteoporosis-and-associated-fractures-in-high-risk-individuals
#17
REVIEW
Helen Senderovich, Andrew Kosmopoulos
The purpose of this review was to investigate what type of exercises can potentially prevent osteoporosis (OP) and its associated fractures in high-risk populations. MEDLINE was searched for work relevant to various types of exercises used to prevent osteoporotic fractures in high-risk population, from the year 1995 onwards. Twelve articles were identified, and, from them, four were deemed suitable to the objective. The studies reviewed show that various types of exercise are effective and safe in preventing the onset of OP...
January 29, 2018: Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405644/variations-in-subclinical-left-ventricular-dysfunction-functional-capacity-and-clinical-outcomes-in-different-heart-failure-aetiologies
#18
Ying Wang, Hong Yang, Mark Nolan, Faraz Pathan, Kazuaki Negishi, Thomas H Marwick
AIMS: Patients with heart failure (HF) risk factors are described as being in Stage A of this condition (SAHF). Management is directed towards prevention of HF progression, but to date, no evidence has been described to align the intensity of this intervention to HF risk. We sought to what extent SAHF of Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and other HF risks showed differences in subclinical left ventricular function, exercise capacity, and prognosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: We recruited 551 elder asymptomatic SAHF patients (age 71 ± 5 years, 49% men, 290 T2DM) with at least one risk factor from a community-based population with preserved ejection fraction...
February 5, 2018: ESC Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403269/high-speed-jaw-opening-exercise-in-training-suprahyoid-fast-twitch-muscle-fibers
#19
Mariko Matsubara, Haruka Tohara, Koji Hara, Hiromichi Shinozaki, Yasuhiro Yamazaki, Chiaki Susa, Ayako Nakane, Yoko Wakasugi, Shunsuke Minakuchi
Purpose: This study was aimed to examine the effectiveness of a high-speed jaw-opening exercise, which targets the contraction of fast-twitch muscle fibers, in improving swallowing function. Subjects and methods: Twenty-one subjects (mean age 74.0±5.7 years) with dysphagia-related symptoms, such as coughing or choking during eating, performed the exercise. None of the included subjects had neurological symptoms or history of surgery that could cause significant dysphagia...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401658/relative-contributions-of-different-lifestyle-factors-to-health-related-quality-of-life-in-the-elderly
#20
Xiaona Zhang, Ruyi Xia, Shu Wang, Wei Xue, Jian Yang, Shuliu Sun, Guihua Zhuang
Much of the previous literature has studied the relationship between individual lifestyle factors and the health-related quality of life (HRQOL). However, only a few studies combined them to explore their relative importance to the HRQOL in the elderly. This study assesses the HRQOL of the urban, rural, and institutionalized Chinese elderly and explores the relative contributions of different lifestyle factors to their HRQOL. The SF-36v2 Health Survey, the WHOQOL-OLD module, and the socio-demographic and lifestyle questionnaire were utilized in this study...
February 3, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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