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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319189/lung-function-parameters-improve-prediction-of-vo2peak-in-an-elderly-population-the-generation-100-study
#1
Erlend Hassel, Dorthe Stensvold, Thomas Halvorsen, Ulrik Wisløff, Arnulf Langhammer, Sigurd Steinshamn
Peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak) is an indicator of cardiovascular health and a useful tool for risk stratification. Direct measurement of VO2peak is resource-demanding and may be contraindicated. There exist several non-exercise models to estimate VO2peak that utilize easily obtainable health parameters, but none of them includes lung function measures or hemoglobin concentrations. We aimed to test whether addition of these parameters could improve prediction of VO2peak compared to an established model that includes age, waist circumference, self-reported physical activity and resting heart rate...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319145/does-aquatic-exercise-reduce-hip-and-knee-joint-loading-in-vivo-load-measurements-with-instrumented-implants
#2
Ines Kutzner, Anja Richter, Katharina Gordt, Jörn Dymke, Philipp Damm, Georg N Duda, Reiner Günzl, Georg Bergmann
Aquatic exercises are widely used for rehabilitation or preventive therapies in order to enable mobilization and muscle strengthening while minimizing joint loading of the lower limb. The load reducing effect of water due to buoyancy is a main advantage compared to exercises on land. However, also drag forces have to be considered that act opposite to the relative motion of the body segments and require higher muscle activity. Due to these opposing effects on joint loading, the load-reducing effect during aquatic exercises remains unknown...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316011/changes-in-pro-inflammatory-markers-and-leucine-concentrations-in-response-to-nordic-walking-training-combined-with-vitamin-d-supplementation-in-elderly-women
#3
A Gmiat, J Mieszkowski, K Prusik, K Prusik, J Kortas, A Kochanowicz, A Radulska, M Lipiński, M Tomczyk, J Jaworska, J Antosiewicz, E Ziemann
Mechanisms underpinning age-related decreases in muscle strength and muscle mass relate to chronic inflammation. Physical activity induces an anti-inflammatory effect, but it is modulated by additional factors. We hypothesized that vitamin D, which has also anti-inflammatory activity will modify adaptation to exercise and reduce inflammation in elderly women. Twenty-seven women aged 67 ± 8 years were included and divided into groups with baseline vitamin D concentration more than 20 ng mL(-1) (MVD) and less than 20 ng mL(-1) (LVD)...
March 18, 2017: Biogerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304298/exercise-training-and-functional-connectivity-changes-in-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-healthy-elders
#4
Theresa J Chirles, Katherine Reiter, Lauren R Weiss, Alfonso J Alfini, Kristy A Nielson, J Carson Smith
BACKGROUND: Effective interventions are needed to improve brain function in mild cognitive impairment (MCI), an early stage of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The posterior cingulate cortex (PCC)/precuneus is a hub of the default mode network (DMN) and is preferentially vulnerable to disruption of functional connectivity in MCI and AD. OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether 12 weeks of aerobic exercise could enhance functional connectivity of the PCC/precuneus in MCI and healthy elders...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303060/evaluation-of-the-association-between-locomotive-syndrome-and-depressive-states-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Tomohiro Saito, Hideaki Watanabe, Ichiro Kikkawa, Katsushi Takeshita
The Japanese Orthopaedic Association has proposed the term "locomotive syndrome" to designate a condition that places a person at high risk for long-term care. However, in daily clinical practice, even when a diagnosis of locomotive syndrome is made, exercise therapy often cannot be successfully performed in some patients owing to their lack of motivation. We speculated that locomotive syndrome and depressive states co-exist in elderly people. The purpose of this study was to determine the presence or absence of depressive states in older patients aged ≥ 65 years who were diagnosed with locomotive syndrome...
February 2017: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301451/traumatic-brain-injury-related-emergency-department-visits-hospitalizations-and-deaths-united-states-2007-and-2013
#6
Christopher A Taylor, Jeneita M Bell, Matthew J Breiding, Likang Xu
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) has short- and long-term adverse clinical outcomes, including death and disability. TBI can be caused by a number of principal mechanisms, including motor-vehicle crashes, falls, and assaults. This report describes the estimated incidence of TBI-related emergency department (ED) visits, hospitalizations, and deaths during 2013 and makes comparisons to similar estimates from 2007. REPORTING PERIOD: 2007 and 2013. DESCRIPTION OF SYSTEM: State-based administrative health care data were used to calculate estimates of TBI-related ED visits and hospitalizations by principal mechanism of injury, age group, sex, and injury intent...
March 17, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298460/achilles-tendon-exercises-improve-elderly-mobility
#7
Kathryn Knight
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296226/diabetic-polyneuropathy-is-a-risk-factor-for-decline-of-lower-extremity-strength-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#8
Takuo Nomura, Tomoyasu Ishiguro, Masayoshi Ohira, Yukio Ikeda
AIMS/INTRODUCTION: The present study elucidated the effect of diabetic polyneuropathy (DPN) on lower extremity strength in a wide age range of type 2 diabetic patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants (n = 1,442) were divided into three age groups (30-49 years, 50-69 years, and 70-87 years), and comparisons were made separately for each sex. Lower extremity strength was measured in terms of knee extension force (KEF) with a hand-held dynamometer. KEF was compared according to the presence or absence of DPN...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295912/training-with-a-balance-exercise-assist-robot-is-more-effective-than-conventional-training-for-frail-older-adults
#9
Kenichi Ozaki, Izumi Kondo, Satoshi Hirano, Hitoshi Kagaya, Eiichi Saitoh, Aiko Osawa, Yoichi Fujinori
AIM: To examine the efficacy of postural strategy training using a balance exercise assist robot (BEAR) as compared with conventional balance training for frail older adults. METHODS: The present study was designed as a cross-over trial without a washout term. A total of 27 community-dwelling frail or prefrail elderly residents (7 men, 20 women; age range 65-85 years) were selected from a volunteer sample. Two exercises were prepared for interventions: robotic exercise moving the center of gravity by the balance exercise assist robot system; and conventional balance training combining muscle-strengthening exercise, postural strategy training and applied motion exercise...
March 10, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293105/the-effect-of-visual-biofeedback-on-balance-in-elderly-population-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Hammad Alhasan, Victoria Hood, Frederick Mainwaring
BACKGROUND: Balance is commonly affected by multiple factors, especially among the elderly population. Visual biofeedback (VBF) is an intervention tool that can be used in balance rehabilitation. AIM: This study aimed to systematically review randomized controlled trials that examine whether VBF training is effective in improving balance in an elderly population. DATA SOURCES: Three databases were searched: CIAHL, EMBASE, and MEDLINE. The searches were limited to the period from 2010 to 2016...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291022/effects-of-descending-stair-walking-on-health-and-fitness-of-elderly-obese-women
#11
Trevor C Chen, Chung-Chan Hsieh, Kuo-Wei Tseng, Chih-Chiao Ho, Kazunori Nosaka
PURPOSE: Eccentric exercise training produces positive fitness and health outcomes, but whether this is also the case for descending stair walking (DSW) is unknown. This study investigated the hypothesis that DSW would improve insulin sensitivity, lipid profiles and physical fitness better than ascending stair walking (ASW). METHODS: Elderly (≥60 y) obese women were placed to either DSW or ASW group (n=15/group). An elevator was used to eliminate ascending stairs for DSW, and descending stairs for ASW...
March 13, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288956/home-based-intervention-program-to-reduce-food-insecurity-in-elderly-populations-using-a-tv-app-study-protocol-of-the-randomized-controlled-trial-sa%C3%A3%C2%BAde-come-senior
#12
Ana Maria Rodrigues, Maria João Gregório, Pierre Gein, Mónica Eusébio, Maria José Santos, Rute Dinis de Sousa, Pedro S Coelho, Jorge M Mendes, Pedro Graça, Pedro Oliveira, Jaime C Branco, Helena Canhão
BACKGROUND: The limited or uncertain access to adequate food in elderly people includes not only economic restrictions but also inability of food utilization due to functional or cognitive impairment, health problems, and illiteracy. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work is to present the protocol of the randomized controlled trial Saúde.Come Senior, an educational and motivational television (TV)-based intervention to promote healthy lifestyles and decrease food insecurity in elderly people...
March 13, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286988/exercise-and-nutritional-approaches-to-prevent-frail-bones-falls-and-fractures-an-update
#13
R M Daly
Osteoporosis (low bone strength) and sarcopenia (low muscle mass, strength and/or impaired function) often co-exist (hence the term 'sarco-osteoporosis') and have similar health consequences with regard to disability, falls, frailty and fractures. Exercise and adequate nutrition, particularly with regard to vitamin D, calcium and protein, are key lifestyle approaches that can simultaneously optimize bone, muscle and functional outcomes in older people, if they are individually tailored and appropriately prescribed in terms of the type and dose...
April 2017: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281730/cardiovascular-risk-reduction-in-sedentary-postmenopausal-women-during-organized-physical-activity
#14
Krzysztof Mazurek, Piotr Żmijewski, Ewa Kozdroń, Anna Fojt, Anna Czajkowska, Piotr Szczypiorski, Tomasz Mazurek
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular (CV) diseases are the major cause of death in elderly women. Aerobic training (AT) improves component CV risk factors. Long-time higher-intensity group-based and home-based exercise training has been determined to improve exercise performance. However it is not clear if short-time group-based or home-based training with educational program permanently improves cardiometabolic parameters in elderly women. AIM: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of organized physical activity programs dedicated to elderly, sedentary women...
March 10, 2017: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278265/visceral-fat-area-is-a-strong-predictor-of-leukocyte-cell-derived-chemotaxin-2-a-potential-biomarker-of-dyslipidemia
#15
Kumpei Tanisawa, Hirokazu Taniguchi, Xiaomin Sun, Tomoko Ito, Ryoko Kawakami, Shizuo Sakamoto, Mitsuru Higuchi
BACKGROUND: Leukocyte cell-derived chemotaxin 2 (LECT2) is a hepatokine linking obesity to skeletal muscle insulin resistance. Although previous studies reported that obesity was associated with high levels of circulating LECT2 in human, the associations of detailed body fat distribution with LECT2 levels have not been examined. Furthermore, although animal study suggested that exercise decreased circulating LECT2 levels, it remains unknown whether physical fitness is associated with LECT2 levels in human...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274326/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-outcome-measures-to-assess-postural-control-in-older-adults-who-undertake-exergaming
#16
REVIEW
Robin Tahmosybayat, Katherine Baker, Alan Godfrey, Nick Caplan, Gill Barry
Exergaming has been shown to be an effective tool to improve postural control (PC) in older community-dwelling individuals. The outcome measures (OMs) used to assess PC are varied and this could limit the estimation of the effectiveness of the intervention. This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to explore the OMs currently used to assess PC in exergaming interventions, for healthy elderly individuals aged over 60 years. The literature search was conducted across five databases (CINAHL, EMBASE, PubMed, ISI, SPORTdiscus and Science Direct) using a range of search terms and combinations relating to exergaming, balance, exercise, falls and elderly...
April 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271388/health-related-predictors-of-quality-of-life-in-cancer-patients-in-saudi-arabia
#17
Anwar E Ahmed, Alaa S Almuzaini, Mohannad A Alsadhan, Abdulrahman G Alharbi, Hanin S Almuzaini, Yosra Z Ali, Abdul-Rahman Jazieh
Research on Saudi Arabian cancer patients is a priority at King Abdulaziz Medical City (KAMC), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Because there is limited research on the quality of life (QoL) of Saudi Arabian cancer patients, the aim of this study was to identify the predictors of the QoL in a sample of Saudis with cancer. In August 2016, a cross-sectional study was conducted on 438 patients with a variety of cancer types (145 breast, 109 colorectal, 38 leukemia, 45 lymphoma, and 99 other types) who attended the Oncology Outpatient Clinics at KAMC...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269583/exercise-system-for-eccentric-tibialis-anterior-contraction-to-improve-ambulatory-function
#18
Shota Itoh, Keisuke Kubota, Kunihiro Ogata, Toshiaki Tsuji
This study has developed a device and system for the exercise of eccentric contraction of the tibialis anterior, with the objective of maintaining ambulatory function. A system was built that allows for exercises of appropriate load and speed, by providing the trainee with force data in the form of visual feedback. An experimental verification with two healthy participants shows small variation in the Myoelectric data during the repetitive exercise. The result suggest the possibility of higher reproducibility of the proposed exercise in comparison with manual exercise...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261898/effects-of-physical-activity-on-the-p300-component-in-elderly-people-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Renata V Pedroso, Francisco J Fraga, Carlos Ayán, José Maria Cancela Carral, Laís Scarpari, Ruth F Santos-Galduróz
The effects of physical activity on brain function can be assessed through event-related potentials (P300) that reflect cortical activities related to cognitive functions. P300 latency represents the information processing time; longer latencies represent slower processing. P300 amplitude is associated with the attentional system and working memory, with higher amplitudes representing more preserved functions. This systematic review summarizes the literature concerning the effects of physical activity and exercise on P300 in the elderly...
March 6, 2017: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260600/trends-in-population-blood-pressure-and-determinant-factors-for-population-blood-pressure
#20
Ulla Overgaard Andersen
Strategies to reduce the burden of blood pressure attributable diseases require knowledge of secular trend in PBP and its determinants. The issues were investigated in the Copenhagen City Heart Study. The design of CCHS is a repeated measures study. Such designs are uniquely suited to studying changes of an outcome and what risk factors may be associated with that outcome. Repeated measures studies are very well suited for trend analysis by using mixed effect analyses. SBP decreased about 2 mmHg in 25 years...
March 2017: Danish Medical Journal
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