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Elder exercise

Harri Hemilä
BACKGROUND: Vitamin E has influenced the immune system in laboratory studies. Dozens of animal experiments have found that vitamin E offered protection against infections caused by viruses and bacteria. Previously, significant heterogeneity was found in the effect of vitamin E supplementation on pneumonia in humans. The aim of this study was to examine how the effect of vitamin E on pneumonia risk depends on age. METHODS: Secondary analysis of the Alpha-Tocopherol, Beta-Carotene Cancer Prevention study in Finland, 1985-1993, was performed...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
Arnaldina Sampaio, Elisa A Marques, Jorge Mota, Joana Carvalho
This study examined the effect of a Multicomponent Training (MT) intervention on cognitive function, functional fitness and anthropometric variables in institutionalized patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Thirty-seven institutionalized elders (84.05 ± 5.58 years) clinically diagnosed with AD (mild and moderate stages) were divided into two groups: Experimental Group (EG, n = 19) and Control Group (CG, n = 18). The EG participated in a six-month supervised MT program (aerobic, muscular resistance, flexibility and postural exercises) of 45-55 minutes/session, twice/week...
October 18, 2016: Dementia
Agathe Gerwina Elena Pollmann, Marianne Frederiksen, Eva Prescott
PURPOSE: Evidence of the effect of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) after heart valve surgery is scarce, but nevertheless CR is recommended for this group of patients. Therefore, this study assessed the effect of CR on exercise capacity, cardiovascular risk factors, and long-term mortality and morbidity, as well as predictors for enrolment in or failing to complete CR. METHODS: A review of medical records identified 250 patients who underwent heart valve surgery between January 2009 and August 2013...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
Yoshihiro Kokubo
Hypertension is one of the strongest risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Recently, accumulating evidence also indicates that hypertension has been linked with non-cardiovascular diseases including dementia, cancer, oral health diseases and so on. In general, elderly individuals tend to have multiple diseases as getting older. Preventing of hypertension is also benefit for other diseases.In the Hisayama Study, hypertension increased the risk of vascular dementia, but were not associated with an increased risk of Alzheimer disease, and that subjects with hypertension in midlife and normotension and hypertension in late-life increased risks of incident vascular dementia...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Ying Kuen Cheung, Yeseon P Moon, Erin R Kulick, Ralph L Sacco, Mitchell S V Elkind, Joshua Z Willey
BACKGROUND: Previous studies of exercise have focused on measuring physical activity in totality using summary statistics such as metabolic equivalent score for total intensity or total energy count. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine the multidimensionality of leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) and to identify the specific LTPA components that were associated with cardiovascular mortality in the elderly. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: The Northern Manhattan Study (NOMAS) is a multiethnic prospective cohort of elderly stroke-free individuals consisting of a total of 3298 participants recruited between 1993 and 2001, with a median follow-up of 17 years...
October 17, 2016: Journal of General Internal Medicine
Domenico Acanfora, Pietro Scicchitano, Gerardo Casucci, Bernardo Lanzillo, Nicola Capuano, Giuseppe Furgi, Chiara Acanfora, Marialaura Longobardi, Raffaele Antonelli Incalzi, Giuseppe Piscosquito, Marco Matteo Ciccone
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of exercise training on cardiac function in heart failure (HF) patients recently suffering from acute decompensation. Radionuclide ambulatory ventricular function monitoring (VEST) was used to detect variations in cardiac hemodynamics during training period. METHODS: This was a monocentric, randomized, controlled trial. We enrolled 72 HF patients [left ventricle ejection fraction (LVEF) <40%] within two weeks after acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema: 40 in the elderly group, 32 in the middle-aged group...
October 11, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Yoko Fujimaki, Koichi Tsunoda, Rika Kobayashi, Chong Tonghyo, Fujinobu Tanaka, Hiroyuki Kuroda, Tsutomu Numata, Toyota Ishii, Reiko Kuroda, Sawako Masuda, Sho Hashimoto, Hayato Misawa, Naoko Shindo, Takahiro Mori, Hiroko Mori, Naoki Uchiyama, Yuichirou Kamei, Masashi Tanaka, Hironobu Hamaya, Shingo Funatsuki, Satoko Usui, Ikuno Ito, Kohei Hamada, Akihito Shindo, Yutaka Tokumaru, Yoko Morita, Rumi Ueha, Takaharu Nito, Shu Kikuta, Sotaro Sekimoto, Kenji Kondo, Takashi Sakamoto, Kenji Itoh, Tatsuya Yamasoba, Sumio Matsumoto
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of a self-controlled vocal exercise in elderly people with glottal closure insufficiency. DESIGN: Parallel-arm, individual randomized controlled trial. METHODS: Patients who visited one of 10 medical centers under the National Hospital Organization group in Japan for the first time, aged 60 years or older, complaining of aspiration or hoarseness, and endoscopically confirmed to have glottal closure insufficiency owing to vocal cord atrophy, were enrolled in this study...
October 14, 2016: Clinical Rehabilitation
Mohanjeet Kaur, Akashdeep Singh, Shobhit Bansal, Gurpreet S Wander
Unilateral pulmonary artery agenesis (UPAA) is a rare congenital anomaly due to a malformation of the sixth aortic arch of the affected side during embryogenesis. It can occur in isolation or may be associated with other congenital cardiovascular malformations. The diagnosis is usually set at adolescence, however it can remain asymptomatic and late diagnosis is possible. Recurrent pulmonary infections, decreased exercise tolerance, and shortness of breath on exertion are the most common symptoms.
April 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Chorong Oh, Byeong Hwan Jeon, Shaun Nicholas Reid Storm, Sunkug Jho, Jae-Kyung No
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of the types and levels of physical activity in conjunction with protein intake and vitamin D on sarcopenia and obesity status in an elderly population. METHODS: Study participants (N = 4452) were ages ≥60 y and included 1929 men and 2523 women who completed a body composition analysis with a dual energy x-ray absorptiometry and provided health and dietary data. RESULTS: Higher appendicular skeletal muscle mass/weight was observed in the non-obese group, although obese participants had greater weights...
June 23, 2016: Nutrition
Irene Torres-Sánchez, Marie Carmen Valenza, Irene Cabrera-Martos, Isabel López-Torres, Ángela Benítez-Feliponi, Alicia Conde-Valero
The objective of this study was to determine whether an exercise intervention using a pedal exerciser is able to reduce disability in frail older patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) during hospitalization due to an acute exacerbation. This study was a randomized, single-blind clinical trial. Fifty-eight frail older patients admitted to hospital due to an acute exacerbation of COPD (AECOPD) were included in this study. All patients received standard medical and pharmacological care. Patients assigned to the intervention group also received an exercise intervention...
August 11, 2016: COPD
Shan Ai Quan, Yong Chun Li, Wen Jie Li, Yan Li, Jin Young Jeong, Dong Hyun Kim
Sleep is an important component in our lives as it is necessary throughout one's entire life span. This study was conducted to elucidate whether there are gender differences in sleep quality and what factors can affect sleep quality in community-dwelling elderly Koreans. A total of 382 subjects (175 males and 207 females) were recruited among elderly aged 45 or over who participated in the 2010 Hallym Aging Study (HAS). They were invited to a general hospital and were evaluated for socioeconomic status, smoking history, and various clinical measures...
November 2016: Journal of Korean Medical Science
Tiago C Antonini, Jose A de Paz, Euler E Ribeiro, Elorídes Brito, Kennya S Mota, Terezinha L Silva, Carlos Cristi-Monteiro, Pedro V C Jung, Ivana B M da Cruz
Objective To ascertain whether modifiable physical performance-based measurements predicted 5.5-year mortality in a riparian elderly cohort in the Amazon rainforest region. Methods A longitudinal study evaluating the impact of functional determinants on 5.5-year mortality in a riparian elderly cohort from Maués City in the state of Amazonas, Brazil, was performed. The study was a follow-up of a previous observational investigation that evaluated various fitness tests in 630 Amazonian riparian elderly (291 males and 339 females) aged 72...
August 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
Takuro Tobina, Yukari Mori, Yukiko Doi, Fuki Nakayama, Akira Kiyonaga, Hiroaki Tanaka
Muscle peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma co-activator 1 (PGC-1)α gene expression is influenced by the Gly482Ser gene polymorphism, which is a candidate genetic risk factor for diabetes mellitus and obesity. This study investigated the effects of PGC-1 gene Gly482Ser polymorphisms on alterations in glucose and lipid metabolism induced by exercise training. A 12-week intervention study was performed for 119 participants who were more than 65 years of age and completed exercise training at lactate threshold intensity...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Physiological Sciences: JPS
Jonathan G Quicke, Nadine E Foster, Reuben O Ogollah, Peter R Croft, Melanie A Holden
Objective To investigate how attitudes and beliefs about exercise relate to physical activity behaviour in older adults with knee pain attributable to osteoarthritis (OA). Design Secondary data analyses of a randomised controlled trial of exercise interventions (ISRCTN 93634563). Participants were adults over 45 years old with knee pain attributable to OA (n=514). Crude and adjusted cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between baseline i) Self-Efficacy for Exercise (SEE), ii) Positive Outcome Expectations for Exercise (POEE), iii) Negative Outcome Expectations for Exercise (NOEE) and physical activity level at baseline, 3 and 6 months follow-up (measured by the self-report Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly (PASE)) and important increase in physical activity level (from baseline to 6 month follow-up) were investigated using multiple linear and logistic regression...
October 1, 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
Shan-Shan Shen, Jiao-Jiao Chu, Lei Cheng, Xing-Kun Zeng, Ting He, Li-Yu Xu, Jiang-Ru Li, Xu-Jiao Chen
INTRODUCTION: With a rapidly ageing population, sarcopenic obesity, defined as decreased muscle mass and function combined with increased body fat, is a complex health problem. Although sarcopenic obesity contributes to a decline in physical function and exacerbates frailty in older adults, evidence from clinical trials about the effect of exercise and nutrition on this complex syndrome in Chinese older adults is lacking. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We devised a study protocol for a single-blind randomised controlled trial...
September 30, 2016: BMJ Open
Sara Maldonado-Martín, Peter H Brubaker, Joel Eggebeen, Kathryn P Stewart, Dalane W Kitzman
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the change in six-minute walk test (6-MWT) relative to changes in key functional capacity measures after 16-week of exercise training in older (>65 years) heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) patients. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized single blinded (by researchers to patient group) comparison of two groups of HFpEF patients. SETTINGS: Hospital and clinic records. Ambulatory outpatients. PARTICIPANTS: Participants (N=47) randomized to attention control (n=24, AC) or exercise training (n=23, ET) group INTERVENTION: The ET group performed cycling and walking at 50-70% VO2peak intensity (3 days per week, 60 min each session)...
September 27, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Afrozul Haq, Sunil J Wimalawansa, Pawel Pludowski, Fatme Al Anouti
In the UAE and the Gulf region in general, there are several intricate public health issues in the context of vitamin D deficiency that needs to be addressed. Changes in lifestyle such as diet, lack of exercise, cultural habits, avoiding sun exposure due to excessive heat, and other risk factors predispose those who live in GULF countries, such as Emiratis likely to becoming vitamin D deficient. Consequently, the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency is high, and new guidelines are needed to overcome this major public health issue...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
M K Nicholas, A Asghari, F M Blyth, B M Wood, R Murray, R McCabe, A Brnabic, L Beeston, M Corbett, C Sherrington, S Overton
This study compares the outcomes, from pre-treatment to 1 year follow-up, of an outpatient, CBT-based pain self-management program (PSM) that included exercises, pain education, and pain coping strategies, with a control condition (EAC) that included exercises and a control for the attention of the treatment team. We previously reported short-term results (to 1 month follow-up) from the same study. This new paper considers the important issue of maintenance of treatment-related gains. The participants (n = 141) were a heterogeneous sample of ambulant, community-dwelling older adult chronic pain patients (mean age: 73...
September 24, 2016: Pain
Richard Eastell, Terence W O'Neill, Lorenz C Hofbauer, Bente Langdahl, Ian R Reid, Deborah T Gold, Steven R Cummings
Osteoporosis is a metabolic bone disorder that is characterized by low bone mass and micro-architectural deterioration of bone tissue. Fractures of the proximal femur, the vertebrae and the distal radius are the most frequent osteoporotic fractures, although most fractures in the elderly are probably at least partly related to bone fragility. The incidence of fractures varies greatly by country, but on average up to 50% of women >50 years of age are at risk of fractures. Fractures severely affect the quality of life of an individual and are becoming a major public health problem owing to the ageing population...
2016: Nature Reviews. Disease Primers
Julie M Hughes, Nisha Charkoudian, Jill N Barnes, Barbara J Morgan
Traditional exercise programs seem to be less osteogenic in the mature and post-mature skeleton compared to the young skeleton. This is likely because of the decline in sensitivity of bone to mechanical loading that occurs with advancing age. Another factor contributing to the apparently diminished benefit of exercise in older adults is failure of widely used measurement techniques (i.e., DXA) to identify changes in 3-dimensional bone structure, which are important determinants of bone strength. Moreover, although hormonal contributors to bone loss in the elderly are well-recognized, the influence of age-related increases in sympathetic nervous system activity, which impacts bone metabolism, is rarely considered...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
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