keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Elder exercise

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444660/effects-of-cycling-and-exergaming-on-neurotrophic-factors-in-elderly-type-2-diabetic-men-a-preliminary-investigation
#1
Christian Brinkmann, Leonie Schäfer, Magd Masoud, Joachim Latsch, Daniel Lay, Wilhelm Bloch, Klara Brixius
Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are at increased risk of developing neurodegenerative diseases. There is growing evidence that repeated exercise-induced transient increases in neurotrophic factors can augment neurogenesis and neuroplasticity. This pilot study compares the effects of 30-min submaximal cycling with those of exergaming (combining exercise and video gaming) at the same duration and same rating of perceived exertion (BORG RPE: 14-15) on serum neurotrophic factors in 8 elderly non-insulin-dependent T2DM patients (71±4 years) (2×2 crossover design)...
April 25, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443029/superior-effects-of-eccentric-to-concentric-knee-extensor-resistance-training-on-physical-fitness-insulin-sensitivity-and-lipid-profiles-of-elderly-men
#2
Trevor Chung-Ching Chen, Wei-Chin Tseng, Guan-Ling Huang, Hsin-Lian Chen, Kuo-Wei Tseng, Kazunori Nosaka
It has been reported that eccentric training of knee extensors is effective for improving blood insulin sensitivity and lipid profiles to a greater extent than concentric training in young women. However, it is not known whether this is also the case for elderly individuals. Thus, the present study tested the hypothesis that eccentric training of the knee extensors would improve physical function and health parameters (e.g., blood lipid profiles) of older adults better than concentric training. Healthy elderly men (60-76 years) were assigned to either eccentric training or concentric training group (n = 13/group), and performed 30-60 eccentric or concentric contractions of knee extensors once a week...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434419/factors-of-nocturnal-sleep-and-daytime-nap-durations-in-community-dwelling-elderly-a-longitudinal-population-based-study
#3
Grand H-L Cheng, Angelique Chan, June C Lo
BACKGROUND: Durations of nocturnal sleep and daytime nap influence the well-being of older adults. It is thus essential to understand their determinants. However, much previous research did not assess sleep duration and nap duration individually, and longitudinal data is lacking. This study aimed at examining the impact of demographic, psychosocial, and health factors, including ethnicity, social networks outside the household, smoking and physical exercise on sleep duration and nap duration among community-dwelling elderly...
April 24, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432924/bringing-a-novel-to-practice-an-interpretive-study-of-reading-a-novel-in-an-undergraduate-nursing-practicum-course
#4
Graham McCaffrey, Lorraine Venturato, J David Patterson, Jennifer Langille, Roberta Jackson, Tom Rosenal
Novels are one humanities resource available to educators in health disciplines to support student reflection on their own professional practice and therapeutic relationships with patients. An interdisciplinary team, including nurses, a physician, and an English instructor, carried out an interpretive study of the use of a novel by clinical nursing instructors in an undergraduate practicum course. Students placed in assisted living or long term care facilities for the elderly were expected to read a contemporary work, Exit Lines, by Joan Barfoot, which is set in a comparable facility...
April 4, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431068/self-reported-physical-activity-and-major-adverse-events-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-a-report-from-the-eurobservational-research-programme-pilot-survey-on-atrial-fibrillation-eorp-af-general-registry
#5
Marco Proietti, Giuseppe Boriani, Cécile Laroche, Igor Diemberger, Mircea I Popescu, Lars H Rasmussen, Gianfranco Sinagra, Gheorghe-Andrei Dan, Aldo P Maggioni, Luigi Tavazzi, Deirdre A Lane, Gregory Y H Lip
Aims: Physical activity is protective against cardiovascular (CV) events, both in general population and in high-risk CV cohorts. However, the relationship between physical activity with major adverse outcomes in atrial fibrillation (AF) is not well-established. Our aim was to analyse this relationship in a 'real-world' AF population. Second, we investigated the influence of physical activity on arrhythmia progression. Methods and Results: We studied all patients enrolled in the EURObservational Research Programme on AF (EORP-AF) Pilot Survey...
April 1, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427459/subjective-perceived-impact-of-tai-chi-training-on-physical-and-mental-health-among-community-older-adults-at-risk-for-ischemic-stroke-a-qualitative-study
#6
Guohua Zheng, Zhenyu Xiong, Xin Zheng, Junzhe Li, Tingjin Duan, Dalu Qi, Kun Ling, Lidian Chen
BACKGROUND: Evidence from quantitative studies suggest that Tai Chi produces a variety of health-related benefits, but few qualitative studies have investigated how older adults perceive the benefit of Tai Chi. The objective of the current study was to qualitatively evaluate the perceived benefits of Tai Chi practice among community older population. METHODS: This study was conducted with participants from a trial examining the effects of a 12-week Tai Chi training on ischemic stroke risk in community older adults (n = 170)...
April 20, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421539/%C3%AE-synuclein-aggregates-with-%C3%AE-amyloid-or-tau-in-human-red-blood-cells-correlation-with-antioxidant-capability-and-physical-exercise-in-human-healthy-subjects
#7
Simona Daniele, Deborah Pietrobono, Jonathan Fusi, Caterina Iofrida, Lucia Chico, Lucia Petrozzi, Annalisa Lo Gerfo, Filippo Baldacci, Fabio Galetta, Gabriele Siciliano, Ubaldo Bonuccelli, Gino Santoro, Maria Letizia Trincavelli, Ferdinando Franzoni, Claudia Martini
Neurodegenerative disorders (NDs) are characterized by abnormal accumulation/misfolding of specific proteins, primarily α-synuclein (α-syn), β-amyloid1-42 (Aβ), and tau, in both brain and peripheral tissue. In addition to homo-oligomers, the role of α-syn interactions with Aβ or tau has gradually emerged. The altered protein accumulation has been related to both oxidative stress and physical activity; nevertheless, no correlation among the presence of peripheral α-syn hetero-aggregates, antioxidant capacity, and physical exercise has been discovered as of yet...
April 18, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421126/femoral-neck-strain-during-maximal-contraction-of-isolated-hip-spanning-muscle-groups
#8
Saulo Martelli
The aim of the study was to investigate femoral neck strain during maximal isometric contraction of the hip-spanning muscles. The musculoskeletal and the femur finite-element models from an elderly white woman were taken from earlier studies. The hip-spanning muscles were grouped by function in six hip-spanning muscle groups. The peak hip and knee moments in the model were matched to corresponding published measurements of the hip and knee moments during maximal isometric exercises about the hip and the knee in elderly participants...
2017: Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417963/loop-diuretics-affect-skeletal-myoblast-differentiation-and-exercise-induced-muscle-hypertrophy
#9
Shintaro Mandai, Susumu Furukawa, Manami Kodaka, Yutaka Hata, Takayasu Mori, Naohiro Nomura, Fumiaki Ando, Yutaro Mori, Daiei Takahashi, Yuki Yoshizaki, Yuri Kasagi, Yohei Arai, Emi Sasaki, Sayaka Yoshida, Yasuro Furuichi, Nobuharu L Fujii, Eisei Sohara, Tatemitsu Rai, Shinichi Uchida
Muscle wasting or sarcopenia contributes to morbidity and mortality in patients with cancer, renal failure, or heart failure, and in elderly individuals. Na(+)-K(+)-2Cl(-) cotransporter 1 (NKCC1) is highly expressed in mammalian skeletal muscle, where it contributes to the generation of membrane ion currents and potential. However, the physiologic function of NKCC1 in myogenesis is unclear. We investigated this issue using the NKCC1 inhibitors bumetanide and furosemide, which are commonly used loop diuretics...
April 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417609/action-plans-and-coping-strategies-in-elderly-copd-patients-influence-the-result-of-pulmonary-rehabilitation-an-observational-study
#10
Patrizia Russo, Giulia Prinzi, Aliaksei Kisialou, Vittorio Cardaci, Emanuele Stirpe, Vittoria Conti, Massimo Fini, Stefano Bonassi
BACKGROUND: COPD management needs a comprehensive assessment of clinical features (symptoms severity, co-morbidities) together with life-style, behavioural, socio-economic and multi-omics parameters. Among the other issues, psycho-cognitive assessment plays a critical role. Coping strategies are used to manage psychological stress. AIM: To evaluate the association between coping strategies and outcome of Pulmonary Rehabilitation (PR). DESIGN: Observational study...
April 14, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413514/effect-of-pre-emptive-analgesia-by-continuous-femoral-nerve-block-on-early-postoperative-cognitive-function-following-total-knee-arthroplasty-in-elderly-patients
#11
Li-Qin Deng, Lei-Na Hou, Feng-Xiang Song, Han-Yue Zhu, Hai-Ying Zhao, Gang Chen, Jing-Jing Li
To the best of our knowledge, the effect of pre-emptively blocking pain transmission on acute postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) has not yet been assessed. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the effect of pre-emptive analgesia via a continuous femoral nerve block (CFNB) on postoperative pain and early cognitive function following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) surgery in elderly patients. CFNB was performed prior to TKA surgery in the pre-emptive analgesia group (n=30) and following TKA surgery in the control group (n=30)...
April 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410285/comorbidities-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-pulmonary-rehabilitation-outcomes
#12
Pichapong Tunsupon, Ashima Lal, Mohammed Abo Khamis, M Jeffery Mador
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of comorbidities as potential predictors of the response to pulmonary rehabilitation in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: The study included 165 patients with COPD with exercise limitations. Comorbidity was classified as cardiac, metabolic, orthopedic, behavioral health problems, or other diseases. Number of comorbidities was grouped as 0, 1, or ≥2. Outcomes were defined as improvement in exercise capacity (maximal exercise capacity, 6-minute walk test, and constant workload cycle exercise duration) and quality of life (Chronic Respiratory Questionnaire)...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408276/low-serum-concentrations-of-irisin-are-associated-with-increased-risk-of-hip-fracture-in-chinese-older-women
#13
Jun Yan, Hai-Juan Liu, Wei-Chun Guo, Jian Yang
OBJECTIVE: Irisin derived from muscle in response to exercise may be the molecular entity responsible for muscle wasting-osteoporosis connectivity in the elderly. The objective of the study was to determine whether serum Irisin (sIrisin) provides information on hip fracture prediction which were independent of bone mineral density (BMD) and the fracture risk assessment tool (FRAX) algorithm. METHODS: This study enrolled 160 older women (ages, 70-90 y) with minimal trauma hip fractures (MTHFs) and 160 age-matched women without fracture serving as controls...
April 10, 2017: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396303/effect-of-a-nine-month-web-and-app-based-workplace-intervention-to-promote-healthy-lifestyle-and-weight-loss-for-employees-in-the-social-welfare-and-health-care-sector-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Nina Charlotte Balk-Møller, Sanne Kellebjerg Poulsen, Thomas Meinert Larsen
BACKGROUND: General health promoting campaigns are often not targeted at the people who need them the most. Web- and app-based tools are a new way to reach, motivate, and help people with poor health status. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to test a Web- and mobile app-based tool ("SoSu-life") on employees in the social welfare and health care sector in Denmark. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was carried out as a workplace intervention...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392959/restricted-blood-flow-exercise-in-sedentary-overweight-african-american-females-may-increase-muscle-strength-and-decrease-endothelial-function-and-vascular-autoregulation
#15
Vernon Bond, Bryan Heath Curry, Krishna Kumar, Sudhakar Pemminati, Vasavi Rakesh Gorantla, Kishan Kadur, Richard Mark Millis
OBJECTIVES: Exercise with partially restricted blood flow is a low-load, low-intensity resistance training regimen which may have the potential to increase muscle strength in the obese, elderly and frail who are unable to do high-load training. Restricted blood flow exercise has also been shown to affect blood vessel function variably and can, therefore, contribute to blood vessel dysfunction. This pilot study tests the hypothesis that unilateral resistance training of the leg extensors with partially restricted blood flow increases muscle strength and decreases vascular autoregulation...
March 2017: Journal of Pharmacopuncture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392370/out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-survivors-with-cognitive-impairments-have-lower-exercise-capacity
#16
Liesbeth W Boyce, Carlien C Reinders, Gerard Volker, Esther Los, Henk J van Exel, Thea P M Vliet Vlieland, Paulien H Goossens
BACKGROUND: Hypoxic brain injury is described in up to 40% of survivors after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). Besides cognitive impairments, lack of circulation may also affect exercise capacity. It is not known if exercise capacity of patients with cognitive impairments differs from other OHCA survivors. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included patients ≥18 years with myocardial infarction (MI) as cause of OHCA admitted for cardiac rehabilitation between February 2011 and April 2014...
April 6, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391199/automatic-human-movement-assessment-with-switching-linear-dynamic-system-motion-segmentation-and-motor-performance
#17
Roberto de Souza Baptista, Antonio Padilha Lanari Bo, Mitsuhiro Hayashibe
Performance assessment of human movement is critical in diagnosis and motor-control rehabilitation. Recent developments in portable sensor technology enable clinicians to measure spatiotemporal aspects to aid in the neurological assessment. However the extraction of quantitative information from such measurements is usually done manually through visual inspection. This paper presents a novel framework for automatic human movement assessment that executes segmentation and motor performance parameter extraction in time-series of measurements from a sequence of human movements...
July 14, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382551/high-doses-of-vitamin-c-plus-e-reduce-strength-training-induced-improvements-in-areal-bone-mineral-density-in-elderly-men
#18
Astrid Kamilla Stunes, Unni Syversen, Sveinung Berntsen, Gøran Paulsen, Tonje H Stea, Ken J Hetlelid, Hilde Lohne-Seiler, Mats Peder Mosti, Thomas Bjørnsen, Truls Raastad, Glenn Haugeberg
PURPOSE: Resistance training is beneficial for maintaining bone mass. We aimed to investigate the skeletal effects of high doses of antioxidants [vitamin C + E (α-tocopherol)] supplementation during 12-week supervised strength training in healthy, elderly men METHODS: Design: double-blinded randomized placebo-controlled study. Participants followed a supervised, undulating periodic exercise program with weekly adjusted load: 3 sessions/week and 3-15 repetitions maximum (RM) sets/exercise...
April 5, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377156/protein-supplementation-augments-muscle-fiber-hypertrophy-but-does-not-modulate-satellite-cell-content-during-prolonged-resistance-type-exercise-training-in-frail-elderly
#19
Marlou L Dirks, Michael Tieland, Lex B Verdijk, Mario Losen, Rachel Nilwik, Marco Mensink, Lisette C P G M de Groot, Luc J C van Loon
OBJECTIVE: Protein supplementation increases gains in lean body mass following prolonged resistance-type exercise training in frail older adults. We assessed whether the greater increase in lean body mass can be attributed to muscle fiber type specific hypertrophy with concomitant changes in satellite cell (SC) content. DESIGN: A total of 34 frail elderly individuals (77 ± 1 years, n = 12 male adults) participated in this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial with 2 arms in parallel...
April 1, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373621/sudden-cardiac-death-during-first-time-jogging
#20
Hiromitsu Kurata, Akiko Ishigami, Itsuo Tokunaga, Yasushi Nagasaki, Akiyoshi Nishimura
With increased interest in fitness and health care, jogging has become more popular as an exercise to promote health. However, sudden cardiac death during sports or exercise has also been reported. Some apparently healthy elderly individuals take up sports for both recreation and health improvement based only on completion of a questionnaire, without undergoing medical evaluation. We report the case of a 66-year-old Japanese man who suddenly died of acute ischemic heart disease during first-time jogging. He collapsed an hour after starting...
2017: Journal of Medical Investigation: JMI
keyword
keyword
20645
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"