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Low Level Laser Therapy for TMD

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643585/electromyographic-evaluation-of-a-low-level-laser-protocol-for-the-treatment-of-temporomandibular-disorder-a-randomized-controlled-blind-trial
#1
Camila Haddad Leal de Godoy, Lara Jansiski Motta, Eugenio Jose Garcia, Kristianne Porta Santos Fernandes, Raquel Agnelli Mesquita-Ferrari, Ravana Angelini Sfalcin, Pamella de Barros Motta, Fabiano Politti, Sandra Kalil Bussadori
[Purpose] Problems involving the temporomandibular joint and associated structures can lead to temporomandibular disorder (TMD). The aim of the present study was to evaluate muscle activity in individuals with a diagnosis of TMD before and after treatment with low-level laser therapy (LLLT) through the use of electromyography (EMG). [Subjects and Methods] Male and female individuals aged 14 to 23 years were evaluated. TMD was determined by a clinical examination and the administration of the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders, followed by the evaluation of sensitivity to palpation of the masseter and anterior temporal muscles as well as the EMG determination of muscle activity...
December 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209867/non-specific-effects-and-clusters-of-women-with-painful-tmd-responders-and-non-responders-to-lllt-double-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#2
Laís Valencise Magri, Vinícius Almeida Carvalho, Flávia Cássia Cabral Rodrigues, César Bataglion, Christie Ramos Andrade Leite-Panissi
The aim was to analyze the non-specific effects (placebo, spontaneous remission, and regression to the mean) of the low-level laser therapy (LLLT) in women with myofascial pain (painful temporomandibular disorder (TMD)), as well as to differentiate between responders and non-responder clusters to active and placebo LLLT according to the anxiety levels, salivary cortisol, use of oral contraceptives, and premenstrual period. Sixty-four women diagnosed with myofascial pain (Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC/TMD)) were included, divided into laser (n = 20), placebo group (n = 21), and 23 controls (without treatment (WT))...
February 2018: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071032/comparative-effectiveness-of-low-level-laser-therapy-and-transcutaneous-electric-nerve-stimulation-on-temporomandibular-joint-disorders
#3
Massoud Seifi, Asghar Ebadifar, Sattar Kabiri, Mohammad Reza Badiee, Zahra Abdolazimi, Parisa Amdjadi
Introduction: Temporomandibular joint disorders (TMDs) are the most common source of pain on the face. There are multiple etiologies, and several types of treatment have been reported. The use of non-invasive and reversible therapies in the treatment of such problems is recommended. The present study evaluated the effect of low-level laser (LLL) therapy and transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation (TENS) on TMDs. Methods: In this single-blind study, 40 patients with temporomandibular disorders were randomly divided into four groups: TENS (TENSTem dental), LLL (diode 810 nm CW), shamTENS, and sham-LLL...
2017: Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034273/comparison-of-the-effects-of-transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-and-low-level-laser-therapy-on-drug-resistant-temporomandibular-disorders
#4
Fahimeh Rezazadeh, Khadijeh Hajian, Shoaleh Shahidi, Soraya Piroozi
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM: Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) is a clinical term used for clinical signs and symptoms that affect the temporomandibular joints, masticatory muscles, and associated structures. Surgical and non-surgical treatments can be used for management of TMD. Non-surgical route is the main part of the treatment, since clinicians prefer non-aggressive treatment for TMD such as pharmacological and physical therapy. Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) are the main procedures in physical therapy...
September 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602569/a-comparison-of-the-outcomes-of-four-minimally-invasive-treatment-methods-for-anterior-disc-displacement-of-the-temporomandibular-joint
#5
H Hosgor, B Bas, C Celenk
The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of four non-surgical conservative treatment methods for temporomandibular disorders (TMD). The study group comprised 40 patients with unilateral TMD who fell into group II of the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC/TMD). Patients were divided into four groups according to the treatment method: splint therapy, arthrocentesis, medical therapy, and low-level laser therapy. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed before treatment and at the 1-month follow-up...
November 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294697/efficacy-of-low-level-laser-therapy-in-subjective-tinnitus-patients-with-temporomandibular-disorders
#6
Nermin Demirkol, Aslihan Usumez, Mehmet Demirkol, Fatih Sari, Cihan Akcaboy
OBJECTIVE AND BACKGROUND: Tinnitus is an apparent sound, perceived in the ear with no stimulus. It has been described as a sound originating from the brain. It affects 17% of the general population. Etiological factors for tinnitus include temporomandibular joint disorders (TMJ, TMD) and Costen's syndrome. The aim of treatment is to eliminate the tinnitus or at least decrease its apparent volume. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 46 patients referred to our department with bilateral subjective tinnitus with TMDs were selected for this study...
August 2017: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054261/effectiveness-of-low-level-laser-therapy-on-pain-intensity-pressure-pain-threshold-and-sf-mpq-indexes-of-women-with-myofascial-pain
#7
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Laís Valencise Magri, Vinícius Almeida Carvalho, Flávia Cássia Cabral Rodrigues, César Bataglion, Christie Ramos Andrade Leite-Panissi
Women with temporomandibular disorders (TMD) frequently report pain areas in body regions. This process is associated with central sensitization phenomena, present in chronic pain. The low-level laser therapy (LLLT) has been reported as a therapeutic option for the painful TMD treatment. The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of LLLT on pain intensity (visual analogue scale, VAS), pain sensitivity in orofacial and corporal points (pressure pain threshold, PPT), and on Short Form-McGill Pain Questionnaire (SF-MPQ) indexes of women with myofascial pain (subtype of muscle TMD)...
February 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001273/effect-of-speech-language-therapy-after-low-level-laser-therapy-in-patients-with-tmd-a-descriptive-study
#8
Melissa de Oliveira Melchior, Bárbara Cristina Zanandréa Machado, Lais Valencise Magri, Marcelo Oliveira Mazzetto
Increased pain and/or discomfort during chewing, speaking, and swallowing have been commonly reported by patients with Temporomandibular Dysfunction (TMD). Speech-language pathology therapy (orofacial myofunctional therapy - OMT) has been proposed as part of the treatment for this condition; however, it is a modality that should be introduced when the TMD context and the pain are not accentuated, so that they do not prevent or hinder the performance of exercises. The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of OMT on the treatment of patients with TMD, according to the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC/TMD), after analgesia with low-level laser therapy (LLLT), regarding orofacial myofunctional conditions (OMC) and the perception of TMD symptoms...
November 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898256/comparative-study-of-the-physiotherapeutic-and-drug-protocol-and-low-level-laser-irradiation-in-the-treatment-of-pain-associated-with-temporomandibular-dysfunction
#9
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Marcos Fernando Xisto Braga Cavalcanti, Uoston Holder Silva, Ernesto Cesar Pinto Leal-Junior, Rodrigo A B Lopes-Martins, Rodrigo Labat Marcos, Rodney Capp Pallotta, Francesca Diomede, Oriana Trubiani, Natalia De Isla, Lucio Frigo
BACKGROUND: The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is a structure of the craniofacial complex affected by neurological diseases. Orthopedic and musculoskeletal changes can also cause temporomandibular disorders (TMD) and pain. Low-level laser (LLL) therapy has been studied in the treatment of temporomandibular jaw (TMJ) dysfunction, and controversial results were obtained. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this work was comparing the physiotherapeutic and drug protocol (PDP) to LLL therapy in the treatment of pain associated with TMD...
December 2016: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27330698/low-level-laser-therapy-versus-pharmacotherapy-in-improving-myofascial-pain-disorder-syndrome
#10
Hamid Reza Khalighi, Hamed Mortazavi, Seyed Masoud Mojahedi, Saranaz Azari-Marhabi, Faranak Moradi Abbasabadi
INTRODUCTION: Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) lead to masticatory muscle pain, jaw movement disability and limitation in mouth opening. Pain is the chief complaint in 90% of the TMD patients which leads to disability and severe socioeconomic costs. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the therapeutic effects of low level laser therapy (LLLT) compared to pharmacotherapy with NSAIDs (naproxen) in myofascial pain disorder syndrome (MPDS). METHODS: In this randomized controlled clinical trial, 40 MPDS patients were divided into two groups...
2016: Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27085322/effects-of-oral-motor-exercises-and-laser-therapy-on-chronic-temporomandibular-disorders-a-randomized-study-with-follow-up
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Barbara Cristina Zanandréa Machado, Marcelo Oliveira Mazzetto, Marco Antonio M Rodrigues Da Silva, Cláudia Maria de Felício
This study investigated the efficacy of combining low-level laser therapy (LLLT) with oral motor exercises (OM-exercises) for rehabilitation of patients with chronic temporomandibular disorders (TMDs). Eighty-two patients with chronic TMD and 20 healthy subjects (control group) participated in the study. Patients were randomly assigned to treatment groups: GI (LLLT + OM exercises), GII (orofacial myofunctional therapy-OMT-which contains pain relief strategies and OM-exercises), and GIII (LLLT placebo + OM-exercises) and GIV (LLLT)...
July 2016: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26587294/evaluation-of-low-level-laser-therapy-in-tmd-patients
#12
Simel Ayyildiz, Faruk Emir, Cem Sahin
Light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation (laser) is one of the most recent treatment modalities in dentistry. Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) is suggested to have biostimulating and analgesic effects through direct irradiation without causing thermal response. There are few studies that have investigated the efficacy of laser therapy in temporomandibular disorders (TMD), especially in reduced mouth opening. The case report here evaluates performance of LLLT with a diode laser for temporomandibular clicking and postoperative findings were evaluated in two cases of TMD patients...
2015: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26225009/management-of-temporomandibular-disorders-with-low-level-laser-therapy
#13
Nabeel Sayed, C Murugavel, A Gnanam
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of low level laser therapy (LLLT) in the treatment of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) in relation to pain intensity, tender points, joint sounds and jaw movements. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty patients received 6 sessions of LLLT (3 times a week for 2 weeks) with semiconductive diode laser (gallium arsenide; 904 nm, 0.6 W, 60 s, 4 J/cm(2)). Pain intensity, number of tender points, joint sounds and active range of motion were assessed before and immediately after each session and after 1, 2 weeks, 1, 3 and 6 months...
December 2014: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26040789/effects-of-exercise-training-and-photobiomodulation-therapy-extraphoto-on-pain-in-women-with-fibromyalgia-and-temporomandibular-disorder-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Mariana Moreira da Silva, Regiane Albertini, Ernesto Cesar Pinto Leal-Junior, Paulo de Tarso Camillo de Carvalho, José Antonio Silva, Sandra Kalil Bussadori, Luis Vicente Franco de Oliveira, Cezar Augusto Souza Casarin, Erinaldo Luiz Andrade, Danilo Sales Bocalini, Andrey Jorge Serra
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia (FM) is a syndrome most prevalent in women, in whom it is characterized mainly by chronic pain. An important issue is that many patients with FM are reported to have temporomandibular dysfunction (TMD), and the coexistence of these pathologies generates a clinical outcome of high complexity. The literature is unclear regarding an effective therapy for reducing pain in patients with both comorbidities. Exercise training and phototherapy (low-level laser therapy with light-emitting diode) are two of the approaches used to treat pain...
June 4, 2015: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25642095/analysis-of-laser-therapy-and-assessment-methods-in-the-rehabilitation-of-temporomandibular-disorder-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#15
REVIEW
Carolina Marciela Herpich, Ana Paula Amaral, Ernesto Cesar Pinto Leal-Junior, Juliana de Paiva Tosato, Cid Andre Fidelis de Paula Gomes, Éric Edmur Camargo Arruda, Igor Phillip Dos Santos Glória, Marilia Barbosa Santos Garcia, Bruno Roberto Borges Barbosa, Monique Sampaio Rodrigues, Katiane Lima Silva, Yasmin El Hage, Fabiano Politti, Tabajara de Oliveira Gonzalez, Sandra Kalil Bussadori, Daniela Aparecida Biasotto-Gonzalez
The aim of the present study was to perform a systematic review of the literature on the effects of low-level laser therapy in the treatment of TMD, and to analyze the use of different assessment tools. [Subjects and Methods] Searches were carried out of the BIREME, MEDLINE, PubMed and SciELO electronic databases by two independent researchers for papers published in English and Portuguese using the terms: "temporomandibular joint laser therapy" and "TMJ laser treatment". [Results] Following the application of the eligibility criteria, 11 papers were selected for in-depth analysis...
January 2015: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25628667/effect-of-low-level-laser-on-healing-of-temporomandibular-joint-osteoarthritis-in-rats
#16
Ali Peimani, Farimah Sardary
OBJECTIVE: Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) are clinical conditions characterized by pain and sounds of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). This study was designed to assess the effect of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on healing of osteoarthritis in rats with TMD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-two male Wistar rats (250-200 g) were housed in standard plastic cages. After injection of Complete Freund's adjuvant into the TMJ, rats were randomly divided into two groups of 16 (case and control) and anesthetized; then osteoarthritis was induced via intraarticular injection of 50 µl of Complete Freund's adjuvant; into the bilateral TMJs...
May 2014: Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25514875/effects-of-phototherapy-on-muscle-activity-and-pain-in-individuals-with-temporomandibular-disorder-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Carolina Marciela Herpich, Ernesto Cesar Pinto Leal-Junior, Ana Paula Amaral, Juliana de Paiva Tosato, Igor Phillip dos Santos Glória, Marília Barbosa Santos Garcia, Bruno Roberto Borges Barbosa, Yasmin El Hage, Éric Edmur Camargo Arruda, Cid Ándre Fidelis de Paula Gomes, Monique Sampaio Rodrigues, Dowglas Fernando Magalhães de Sousa, Paulo de Tarso Camillo de Carvalho, Sandra Kalil Bussadori, Tabajara de Oliveira Gonzalez, Fabiano Politti, Daniela Aparecida Biasotto-Gonzalez
BACKGROUND: According to the International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP), the term temporomandibular disorder (TMD) regards a subgroup of orofacial pain, the symptoms of which include pain or discomfort in the temporomandibular joint, ears, masticatory muscles and neck on one or both sides, as well as joint sounds, limited mandibular movements or mandibular deviation and difficulties chewing. Phototherapy, such as low-level laser therapy (LLLT) and light-emitting diode (LED) therapy, is one of the resources used to treatment muscle pain...
December 16, 2014: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25491183/efficacy-of-low-level-laser-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-tmds-a-meta-analysis-of-14-randomised-controlled-trials
#18
REVIEW
J Chen, Z Huang, M Ge, M Gao
This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) in the treatment of temporomandibular disorders (TMDs). We searched electronic databases and references lists of relevant articles, retrieved all of the published randomised controlled trials in regard to these issues and then performed a meta-analysis. Fourteen highly qualified RCTs reporting on a total of 454 patients, which evaluated the effectiveness of LLLT for patients suffering from TMDs were retrieved. The results indicated that LLLT was not better than placebo in reducing chronic TMD pain (weighted mean difference = -19·39; 95% confidence interval = -40·80-2·03; P < 0·00001; I(2)  = 99%)...
April 2015: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24660647/efficacy-of-red-and-infrared-lasers-in-treatment-of-temporomandibular-disorders-a-double-blind-randomized-parallel-clinical-trial
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Túlio Silva Pereira, Olga Dumont Flecha, Raphael Castro Guimarães, Douglas de Oliveira, Adriana Maria Botelho, José Cristiano Ramos Glória, Karine Taís Aguiar Tavano
AIM: Low-level laser therapy has still not been well established, and it is important to define a standardized protocol for the treatment of temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) using low level laser. There is no consensus on controlled clinical trials concerning the best option for laser therapy with regard to wavelength. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of red and infrared laser therapy in patients with TMD, using a randomized parallel-group double-blind trial. METHODOLOGY: Each hemiface of 19 subjects was randomized to receive intervention, in a total of 116 sensitive points...
January 2014: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24504660/effectiveness-of-occlusal-splints-and-low-level-laser-therapy-on-myofascial-pain
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Nermin Demirkol, Fatih Sari, Mehmet Bulbul, Mehmet Demirkol, Irfan Simsek, Aslihan Usumez
The present study was designed to evaluate the effects of low-level laser (Nd:YAG) therapy and occlusal splints in patients with signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) characterized with myofascial pain (MP). A total of 30 patients were selected after being diagnosed with MP according to the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC/TDM). The patients were divided into three groups. The first group was occlusal splint (OS) group A (n = 10), the second was low-level laser therapy (LLLT) group B (n = 10), and the last group C was placebo (n = 10)...
April 2015: Lasers in Medical Science
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