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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883879/challenging-expected-patterns-of-weight-loss-in-full-term-breastfeeding-neonates-born-by-cesarean
#1
Diane Thulier
OBJECTIVE: To determine the mean weight loss (MWL) of newborns and to examine the effect of weight loss > 7% on exclusive breastfeeding rates. DESIGN: A secondary analysis from a retrospective case-control study of maternal hydration and neonatal weight. SETTING: A Level III maternity hospital in the Northeast region of the United States. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 286 women and their term breastfeeding newborns born by cesarean...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869777/the-effects-of-mild-gestational-hyperglycemia-on-exclusive-breastfeeding-cessation
#2
Sergio Verd, Diego de Sotto, Consuelo Fernández, Antonio Gutiérrez
Gestational diabetes increases the risk of a range of adverse perinatal outcomes, including breastfeeding failure, but the best cut-off point for gestational diabetes is unknown. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between mild gestational glucose tolerance impairment and the early cessation of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF). This is an observational study of 768 women with full term pregnancies that were screened for gestational diabetes at 24-28 weeks gestation. Subjects were divided into two groups: those with a normal 1-h glucose challenge test and those with an elevated 1-h glucose challenge test but still did not qualify for gestational diabetes...
November 19, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831952/tenofovir-disoproxil-fumarate-safety-for-women-and-their-infants-during-pregnancy-and-breastfeeding-systematic-review
#3
Lynne M Mofenson, Rachel C Baggaley, Ioannis Mameletzis
OBJECTIVES: Pregnant/lactating women in some sub-Saharan Africa settings are at substantial risk of HIV acquisition and could benefit from pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) with tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF), but safety data in pregnancy/lactation are limited. DESIGN: Systematic data review through August 2016. METHODS: We reviewed research reports/conference abstracts with maternal/child adverse outcome data in HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected pregnant/lactating women receiving TDF alone or in combination with other drugs compared with non-TDF regimens...
November 7, 2016: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27574798/early-additional-food-and-fluids-for-healthy-breastfed-full-term-infants
#4
REVIEW
Hazel A Smith, Genevieve E Becker
BACKGROUND: Health organisations recommend exclusive breastfeeding for six months. However, the addition of other fluids or foods before six months is common in many countries. Recently, research has suggested that introducing solid food at around four months of age while the baby continues to breastfeed is more protective against developing food allergies compared to exclusive breastfeeding for six months. Other studies have shown that the risks associated with non-exclusive breastfeeding are dependent on the type of additional food or fluid given...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27548367/in-hospital-formula-supplementation-of-healthy-newborns-practices-reasons-and-their-medical-justification
#5
Marija Boban, Irena Zakarija-Grković
INTRODUCTION: In-hospital formula supplementation is a common practice and has been shown to be a strong determinant of shorter exclusive and any breastfeeding. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the reasons for and circumstances in which in-hospital formula supplementation occurs and whether the stated reasons are medically acceptable. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective cohort study was conducted among 342 mother-infant pairs from April to July 2011 at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Hospital of Split, Croatia...
August 22, 2016: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27489089/mediation-analysis-for-health-disparities-research
#6
Ashley I Naimi, Mireille E Schnitzer, Erica E M Moodie, Lisa M Bodnar
Social epidemiologists often seek to determine the mechanisms that underlie health disparities. This work is typically based on mediation procedures that may not be justified with exposures of common interest in social epidemiology. In this analysis, we explored the consequences of using standard approaches, referred to as the difference and generalized product methods, when mediator-outcome confounders are associated with the exposure. We compared these with inverse probability-weighted marginal structural models, the structural transformation method, doubly robust g-estimation of a structural nested model, and doubly robust targeted minimum loss-based estimation...
August 15, 2016: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27473473/aurora-bariatric-surgery-registration-in-women-of-reproductive-age-a-multicenter-prospective-cohort-study
#7
Goele Jans, Christophe Matthys, Sarah Bel, Lieveke Ameye, Matthias Lannoo, Bart Van der Schueren, Bruno Dillemans, Luc Lemmens, Jean-Pierre Saey, Yves van Nieuwenhove, Pascale Grandjean, Ben De Becker, Hilde Logghe, Marc Coppens, Kristien Roelens, Anne Loccufier, Johan Verhaeghe, Roland Devlieger
BACKGROUND: The expansion of the obesity epidemic is accompanied with an increase in bariatric procedures, in particular in women of reproductive age. The weight loss induced by the surgery is believed to reverse the negative impact of overweight and obesity on female reproduction, however, research is limited to in particular retrospective cohort studies and a growing number of small case-series and case-(control) studies. METHODS/DESIGN: AURORA is a multicenter prospective cohort study...
2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27413127/effectiveness-of-a-weight-loss-intervention-in-postpartum-women-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-primary-health-care
#8
Ena Huseinovic, Fredrik Bertz, Monica Leu Agelii, Else Hellebö Johansson, Anna Winkvist, Hilde Kristin Brekke
BACKGROUND: Reproduction has been identified as an important factor for long-term weight gain among women. A previous efficacy trial has successfully produced postpartum weight loss; however, the effectiveness of this intervention needs to be established. OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to evaluate the short- and long-term effectiveness of a diet behavior modification treatment to produce weight loss in postpartum women within the primary health care setting in Sweden...
August 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27374760/cortisol-metabolism-postnatal-depression-and-weight-changes-in-the-first-12-months-postpartum
#9
S L Rogers, B A Hughes, J W Tomlinson, J Blissett
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Postnatal depression correlates with postpartum weight retention, and dysregulated cortisol metabolism is evident in depressed individuals. Cortisol metabolism, BMI and metabolic phenotype are robustly associated, but the role of cortisol metabolism in postnatal mental health and weight loss has never been examined. DESIGN: A longitudinal observation. PATIENTS: Forty nine healthy women with uncomplicated pregnancy...
December 2016: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27337958/management-of-type-1-diabetes-in-pregnancy
#10
REVIEW
Anna Z Feldman, Florence M Brown
Women with type 1 diabetes (T1DM) have unique needs during the preconception, pregnancy, and postpartum periods. Preconception counseling is essential for women with T1DM to minimize pregnancy risks. The goals of preconception care should be tight glycemic control with a hemoglobin A1c (A1C) < 7 % and as close to 6 % as possible, without significant hypoglycemia. This will lower risks of congenital malformations, preeclampsia, and perinatal mortality. The safety of medications should be assessed prior to conception...
August 2016: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27281542/environmental-organic-pollutants-in-human-milk-before-and-after-weight-loss
#11
Sanna Lignell, Anna Winkvist, Fredrik Bertz, Kathleen M Rasmussen, Anders Glynn, Marie Aune, Hilde Kristin Brekke
Many persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are banned because they accumulate in organisms and are toxic. Lipophilic POPs are stored in maternal adipose tissue and concentrations in human milk (HM) may increase during weight loss. Our aim was to examine associations between weight loss and concentrations of chlorinated POPs in HM in lactating women participating in a weight loss study. We analysed POPs (PCB 28, PCB 153, HCB, DDE) in HM at 12 and 24 weeks postpartum from 32 women who participated in a randomized, 2 × 2 factorial trial of diet and exercise for postpartum weight loss...
September 2016: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27193580/applying-the-com-b-model-to-creation-of-an-it-enabled-health-coaching-and-resource-linkage-program-for-low-income-latina-moms-with-recent-gestational-diabetes-the-star-mama-program
#12
Margaret A Handley, Elizabeth Harleman, Enrique Gonzalez-Mendez, Naomi E Stotland, Priyanka Althavale, Lawrence Fisher, Diana Martinez, Jocelyn Ko, Isabel Sausjord, Christina Rios
BACKGROUND: One of the fastest growing risk groups for early onset of diabetes is women with a recent pregnancy complicated by gestational diabetes, and for this group, Latinas are the largest at-risk group in the USA. Although evidence-based interventions, such as the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP), which focuses on low-cost changes in eating, physical activity and weight management can lower diabetes risk and delay onset, these programs have yet to be tailored to postpartum Latina women...
2016: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27081875/the-independent-and-cumulative-effect-of-early-life-risk-factors-on-child-growth-a-preliminary-report
#13
Salma M A Musaad, Sharon M Donovan, Barbara H Fiese
BACKGROUND: Early life risk factors may promote faster infant growth leading to childhood obesity. We examined growth patterns (birth to 12 months) and their association with early life risk factors. METHODS: Participants were drawn from an ongoing birth cohort of 351 mothers. Child weight and length were obtained at birth, 6 weeks, and 3, 6, 9, and 12 months. Independent variables and demographics were tested as risk factors for inclusion in the cumulative risk score if they were significantly associated with change in weight-for-length z-scores (WFLZ; month 12 minus birth) or based on established evidence for an association with child growth...
June 2016: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27029489/lifestyle-intervention-for-diabetes-prevention-after-pregnancy-linda-brasil-study-protocol-for-a-multicenter-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Maria Inês Schmidt, Bruce B Duncan, Cristina Castilhos, Eliana Márcia Wendland, Pedro C Hallal, Beatriz D'Agord Schaan, Michele Drehmer, Adriana Costa e Forti, Cristina Façanha, Maria Angélica Nunes
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), a hyperglycemic state detected during pregnancy, is an established risk factor for diabetes. However, treatment during pregnancy in and of itself is not able to eliminate this risk, and a considerable fraction of women with GDM will develop frank diabetes in the decade following pregnancy. Our aim is to conduct a multicenter randomized controlled trial to investigate the effectiveness of a lifestyle intervention program implemented after a pregnancy complicated by GDM in delaying or preventing the development of type 2 diabetes...
2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27003478/ankyloglossia-and-the-breastfeeding-infant-assessment-and-intervention
#15
Christine Manipon
BACKGROUND: Our current culture defines breastfeeding and the use of human breast milk as the preferred criterion standard for infant nutrition. Medical and health professionals have a responsibility to support breastfeeding in the mother-infant dyad. This includes the recognition of anatomical barriers to breastfeeding such as a tongue-tie, ankyloglossia. PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to enrich and expand the clinical knowledge of health professionals about the physical assessment of ankyloglossia and its impact on breastfeeding...
April 2016: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27000843/the-portrayal-of-infant-feeding-in-british-women-s-magazines-a-qualitative-and-quantitative-content-analysis
#16
E O'Brien, P Myles, C Pritchard
BACKGROUND: Exclusive breastfeeding is the best start an infant can receive. However, in many high-income countries breastfeeding rates are low and this may be a reflection of social norms which in turn may be influenced by the media. This study therefore explored the portrayal of infant feeding in women's general interest magazines. METHODS: The five top selling women's weekly magazines in Britain and Ireland for 2013 over a 4-month period were included. A quantitative and qualitative content analysis was conducted for both written and visual content...
March 21, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26975053/role-of-breastfeeding-and-complementary-food-on-hemoglobin-and-ferritin-levels-in-a-cambodian-cross-sectional-sample-of-children-aged-3-to-24-months
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Anika Reinbott, Irmgard Jordan, Johannes Herrmann, Judith Kuchenbecker, Ou Kevanna, Michael B Krawinkel
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency derives from a low intake of dietary iron, poor absorption of iron, and high requirements due to growth as well as blood loss. An estimated number of about 50% of all anemia may be attributed to iron deficiency among young children in Cambodia. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in rural Cambodia in September 2012. Villages in pre-selected communes were randomly chosen using stunting as a primary indicator of nutritional status...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26918700/limited-amount-of-formula-may-facilitate-breastfeeding-randomized-controlled-trial-to-compare-standard-clinical-practice-versus-limited-supplemental-feeding
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Zbyněk Straňák, Simona Feyereislova, Marcela Černá, Jana Kollárová, Jaroslav Feyereisl
OBJECTIVES: Breastfeeding is known to reduce infant morbidity and improve well-being. Nevertheless, breastfeeding rates remain low despite public health efforts. Our study aims to investigate the effect of controlled limited formula usage during birth hospitalisation on breastfeeding, using the primary hypothesis that early limited formula feeds in infants with early weight loss will not adversely affect the rate of exclusive or any breastfeeding as measured at discharge, 3 and 6 months of age...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26565592/external-validation-of-early-weight-loss-nomograms-for-exclusively-breastfed-newborns
#19
Eric W Schaefer, Valerie J Flaherman, Michael W Kuzniewicz, Sherian X Li, Eileen M Walsh, Ian M Paul
INTRODUCTION: Nomograms that show hour-by-hour percentiles of weight loss during the birth hospitalization were recently developed to aid clinical care of breastfeeding newborns. The nomograms for breastfed neonates were based on a sample of 108,907 newborns delivered at 14 Kaiser Permanente medical centers in Northern California (United States). The objective of this study was to externally validate the published nomograms for newborn weight loss using data from a geographically distinct population...
December 2015: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26545661/-breastfeeding-problems-and-other-factors-associated-with-excessive-neonatal-weight-loss-in-a-social-security-hospital-in-lima-peru
#20
Melissa Berger-Larrañaga, Claudia Bustamante-Abuid, Silvia Díaz-Vergara, Julio Tresierra-Cabrera, Percy Mayta-Tristán, Eddy R Segura
INTRODUCTION: during the first days of life the mother is the main source of nutrients for the newborn. However, breastfeeding difficulties are common and may generate excessive neonatal weight loss. OBJECTIVE: estimate the magnitude and association between breastfeeding problems and excessive neonatal weight loss beyond the physiological norm in the neonatology ward in a social security hospital in Lima, Peru. METHODS: we conducted a cross sectional analysis of the recorded neonatal weight in a routine evaluation (between 24 and 72 hours of life) and compared it against birth weight...
November 1, 2015: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
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