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Weight loss breastfeeding

Diane Procaccini, Ann L Cupp Curley, Martha Goldman
INTRODUCTION: It is accepted that newborns lose weight in the first few days of life. Baby-Friendly practices that support breastfeeding may affect newborn weight loss. The objective of this study were: 1) To determine whether Baby-Friendly practices are associated with term newborn weight loss day 0-2 in three feeding categories (exclusively breastfed, mixed formula fed and breastfed, and formula fed). 2) To determine whether Baby-Friendly practices increase exclusive breast feeding rates in different ethnic populations...
February 28, 2018: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
Xiaomeng Deng, Margaret McLaren
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To promote exclusive breastfeeding, supplements are not recommended without medical indications such as clinical evidence of dehydration. Loss of ≥10% of birth weight (BW) often triggers supplementation due to nursery staff's concern for dehydration. Studies have demonstrated that transplacental passage of maternal intrapartum intravenous fluids for anesthesia may inflate BW. Researchers have proposed using newborn's 24-hour weight (24HW), after fluid diuresis, as preferred reference for weight loss calculation...
January 22, 2018: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
Diane DiTomasso, Andrea L Paiva
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
Sergio Verd, Diego de Sotto, Consuelo Fernández, Antonio Gutiérrez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
Valerie Flaherman, Eric W Schaefer, Michael W Kuzniewicz, Sherian X Li, Eileen M Walsh, Ian M Paul
OBJECTIVE: Guidelines recommend closer outpatient follow-up for exclusively breastfed newborns, especially those with pronounced weight loss, because of increased risk of hyperbilirubinemia and dehydration that might require readmission. Our objective was to determine how feeding method and weight loss are associated with neonatal health care utilization. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study conducted at Northern California Kaiser Permanente hospitals in 2009-2013 assessed 143,889 neonates to study the inpatient method of feeding as well as inpatient and outpatient weights...
December 2, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
Takeshi Futatani, Ayako Shimao, Shihomi Ina, Hiroyuki Higashiyama, Shuhei Fujita, Kazuyuki Ueno, Noboru Igarashi, Kiyoshi Hatasaki
OBJECTIVE: To determine the utility of capillary blood ketone levels as an indicator of inadequate intake of breast milk in the early postnatal period. STUDY DESIGN: Levels of capillary blood beta-hydroxybutyrate (βOHB), the main ketone body in the blood, were measured with a bedside ketone meter in 585 full-term neonates aged 48-95 hours who were breastfed exclusively. Relationships between weight-loss percentage, blood sodium, glucose, pH, partial pressure of carbon dioxide, base-deficit levels, and βOHB levels were investigated...
December 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
Prium Deshmukh, Karen Antell, Elizabeth J Brown
Progestin-only contraception is a popular method of birth control in the United States and worldwide. Progestin-only implants and injections allow patients access to long-term contraception with simple options for reversal or removal. The implant is one of the most effective forms of contraception and there are few contraindications. Manufacturer-led training is required to become certified in insertion and removal. The most common adverse effect of the implant is a change in menstrual bleeding patterns. Little evidence has shown weight gain or decreased bone mineral density with use...
November 2017: FP Essentials
Heidi Dutton, Sarah Jean Borengasser, Laura Marie Gaudet, Linda A Barbour, Erin Joanne Keely
Obesity is common in women of childbearing age, and management of this population around the time of pregnancy involves specific challenges. Weight and medical comorbidities should be optimized both before and during pregnancy. During pregnancy, gestational weight gain should be limited, comorbidities should be appropriately screened for and managed, and fetal health should be monitored. Consideration should be given to the optimal timing of delivery and to reducing surgical and anesthetic complications. In the postpartum period, breastfeeding and weight loss should be promoted...
January 2018: Medical Clinics of North America
Clara Yongjoo Park
Breastfeeding is associated with many health benefits to the mother but the association between osteoarthritis (OA) is not known. Menopause, a state of rapid estrogen loss, is associated with OA. To test whether lactation, another physiological state of low estrogen status, is associated with OA, a nationally representative dataset National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2012 was analyzed. Information of OA diagnosis history and lactation for at least one month was self-reported by women 50 years and older that had given birth to at least one child...
October 2017: Clinical Nutrition Research
Sarbattama Sen, Charis Benjamin, Jennifer Riley, Abigail Heleba, Kaitlin Drouin, Katherine Gregory, Mandy Brown Belfort
BACKGROUND: Banked donor milk (BDM) has historically been used as an alternative to formula for preterm infants. Recently, BDM has been endorsed by two national organizations for use in healthy infants. We sought to quantify utilization trends and characteristics of mothers and their healthy newborns who received BDM during their postpartum stay between 2013 and 2016 at a single academic medical center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this observational study, we used a clinical log to identify all infants who received BDM in the well-baby nursery between July 2013 and June 2016...
October 26, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
Kara M Whitaker, Regina C Marino, Jacob L Haapala, Laurie Foster, Katy D Smith, April M Teague, David R Jacobs, Patricia L Fontaine, Patricia M McGovern, Tonya C Schoenfuss, Lisa Harnack, David A Fields, Ellen W Demerath
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to examine the associations of maternal weight status before, during, and after pregnancy with breast milk C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin 6 (IL-6), two bioactive markers of inflammation, measured at 1 and 3 months post partum. METHODS: Participants were 134 exclusively breastfeeding mother-infant dyads taking part in the Mothers and Infants Linked for Health (MILK) study, who provided breast milk samples. Pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) were assessed by chart abstraction; postpartum weight loss was measured at the 1- and 3-month study visits...
December 2017: Obesity
Priyaja Paramasivam, Sujay Kumar Earan, Arulkumaran Arunagirinadhan, Shilpa Kantamneni
Hypernatraemic dehydration in neonates may lead to potentially lethal consequences like cerebral oedema, intracranial haemorrhage, hydrocephalus and gangrene. In the light of increase in the infants presenting with hypernatraemic dehydration, there is a definitive need to heighten the awareness and have a high degree of suspicion in diagnosis for this potentially lethal condition. We report two neonates of severe hypernatraemia with dehydration highlighting its diagnosis and management. Treatment of hypernatraemic dehydration involves correction of electrolyte imbalance by careful restoration of fluids and ensuring appropriate intake of calories...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Andreas D Haas, Joep J van Oosterhout, Lyson Tenthani, Andreas Jahn, Marcel Zwahlen, Malango T Msukwa, Mary-Ann Davies, Kali Tal, Nozgechi Phiri, Adrian Spoerri, Frank Chimbwandira, Matthias Egger, Olivia Keiser
INTRODUCTION: In Malawi, HIV-infected pregnant and breastfeeding women are offered lifelong antiretroviral therapy (ART) regardless of CD4 count or clinical stage (Option B+). Their HIV-exposed children are enrolled in the national prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) programme, but many are lost to follow-up. We estimated the cumulative incidence of vertical HIV transmission, taking loss to follow-up into account. METHODS: We abstracted data from HIV-exposed children enrolled into care between September 2011 and June 2014 from patient records at 21 health facilities in central and southern Malawi...
September 4, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
Celia P Grigg, Sally K Tracy, Mark Tracy, Rea Daellenbach, Mary Kensington, Amy Monk, Virginia Schmied
OBJECTIVE: To compare maternal and neonatal birth outcomes and morbidities associated with the intention to give birth in a freestanding primary level midwife-led maternity unit (PMU) or tertiary level obstetric-led maternity hospital (TMH) in Canterbury, Aotearoa/New Zealand. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: 407 women who intended to give birth in a PMU and 285 women who intended to give birth at the TMH in 2010-2011. All of the women planning a TMH birth were 'low risk', and 29 of the PMU cohort had identified risk factors...
August 29, 2017: BMJ Open
Richard L Bender, Heather S Williams, Darna L Dufour
OBJECTIVES: Lactation is the most energy-demanding phase of reproduction for human females, but it is still unclear how women in different environments are able to meet this additional energy demand. Previous studies have investigated whether changes in metabolism could have an energy-sparing effect in lactation, with conflicting results. Here, we asked whether increased energy efficiency in physical activity serves as an energy-sparing mechanism in lactation. METHODS: We used a longitudinal design with a control group...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
Diane DiTomasso, Andrea L Paiva
BACKGROUND: Weight changes in the early weeks of life are important indicators of newborn wellness. Yet, little is known about weight loss patterns for breastfeeding newborns. Research aim: This study aimed to compare weight changes and exclusive breastfeeding rates in newborns who lost ≤ 7% and > 7% of their body weight after birth. METHODS: A prospective, observational cohort study was completed. Newborns who lost ≤ 7% made up Group 1 and newborns who lost > 7% of birth weight made up Group 2...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
Sophie C Schalla, Gemma L Witcomb, Emma Haycraft
Breastfeeding rates in the UK are low. Efforts to promote breastfeeding typically include the known health benefits for mother and child, many of which are not immediate. Gaining immediate benefits can be effective motivators of behaviour. Body-related changes resulting from breastfeeding could be an immediate benefit. This study explored breastfeeding mothers' reports of body-related changes as benefits of breastfeeding. Mothers (N = 182) who currently, or had recently, breastfed an infant completed a survey detailing their infant feeding choices and the perceived benefits of breastfeeding on their bodies...
July 11, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Jillian A Emerson, Wietse Tol, Laura E Caulfield, Shannon Doocy
BACKGROUND: Maternal mental health problems are associated with poor child growth and suboptimal child feeding practices, yet little qualitative research has been conducted to understand mothers' perceptions about how maternal mental ill health and child nutrition are related. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to understand maternal perceptions on sources of psychological distress, and how distress impacts functioning, especially related to childcare and feeding practices among mothers of young children in South Kivu, DR Congo...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
Betina Hebbelstrup Jensen, Anja Poulsen, Stig Hebbelstrup Rye Rasmussen, Carsten Struve, Jørgen H Engberg, Alice Friis-Møller, Nadia Boisen, Rie Jønsson, Randi F Petersen, Andreas M Petersen, Karen A Krogfelt
Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EAEC) is frequently found in diarrheal stools worldwide. It has been associated with persistent diarrhea, weight loss, and failure to thrive in children living in developing countries. A number of important EAEC virulence genes are identified; however, their roles in acute and persistent diarrhea have not been previously investigated. The aim of this study was to identify specific EAEC virulence genes associated with duration and type of diarrhea in Danish children. We aimed to improve the current diagnostics of EAEC and enable targeting of strains with an expected severe disease course...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
Richard M Martin, Michael S Kramer, Rita Patel, Sheryl L Rifas-Shiman, Jennifer Thompson, Seungmi Yang, Konstantin Vilchuck, Natalia Bogdanovich, Mikhail Hameza, Kate Tilling, Emily Oken
Importance: Evidence that breastfeeding reduces child obesity risk and lowers blood pressure (BP) is based on potentially confounded observational studies. Objective: To investigate the effects of a breastfeeding promotion intervention on adiposity and BP at age 16 years and on longitudinal growth trajectories from birth. Design, Setting, and Participants: Cluster-randomized Promotion of Breastfeeding Intervention Trial. Belarusian maternity hospitals and affiliated polyclinics (the clusters) were allocated into intervention (n = 16) or control arms (n = 15) in 1996 and 1997...
July 3, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
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