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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255932/developmental-defects-of-enamel-in-first-permanent-molars-associated-with-use-of-asthma-drugs-in-preschool-aged-children-a-retrospective-case-control-study
#1
A Mastora, G Vadiakas, A Agouropoulos, P Gartagani-Panagiotopoulou, V Gemou Engesaeth
AIM: To investigate the association between the occurrences of developmental defects of enamel (DDE), in first permanent molars, and bronchodilators and/or corticosteroid intake for asthma-like episodic treatment at preschool age, in 6-12 year old children. METHODS: Children of the case group (n = 70) were followed in the Paediatric Pulmonary Unit and the Unit of Allergology, Asthma and Inflammation at 'Aghia Sofia' Children's Hospital, Athens, Greece and had used asthma drugs during their first 4 years of life...
March 2, 2017: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176035/the-relationship-between-intuitive-eating-and-postpartum-weight-loss
#2
Katie Leahy, Kristoffer S Berlin, Gabrielle G Banks, Jessica Bachman
Objective Postpartum weight loss is challenging for new mothers who report limited time and difficulties following traditional weight loss methods. Intuitive eating (IE) is a behavior that includes eating based on physical hunger and fullness and may have a role in encouraging weight loss. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between IE and postpartum weight loss. Methods Women 12-18 months postpartum completed a questionnaire regarding weight changes surrounding pregnancy, exercise, breastfeeding and intuitive eating using the Intuitive Eating Scale...
February 7, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139952/the-correlation-between-frequency-and-duration-of-breastfeeding-and-the-severity-of-neonatal-hyperbilirubinemia
#3
Boskabadi Hassan, Maryam Zakerihamidi
INTRODUCTION: Inadequate intake of calorie or inadequate breastfeeding can cause neonatal hyperbilirubinemia. The present study was conducted to examine the correlation between frequency and duration of breastfeeding and the severity of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia among newborns admitted to Ghaem Hospital of Mashhad (Iran) due to neonatal hyperbilirubinemia. METHODOLOGY: The present cross-sectional study was conducted on 634 newborns with idiopathic hyperbilirubinemia referred to either Emergency Department or Neonatal Clinic in Ghaem Hospital...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107100/newborn-weight-loss-during-birth-hospitalization-and-breastfeeding-outcomes-through-age-1-month
#4
Valerie J Flaherman, Eric W Schaefer, Michael K Kuzniewicz, Sherian Li, Eileen Walsh, Ian M Paul
BACKGROUND: Weight loss is universal for exclusively breastfed newborns in the first few days after birth. Many newborns exclusively breastfed during birth hospitalization receive formula in the first month after discharge and thus cease exclusive breastfeeding. However, the relationship between early weight loss and subsequent cessation of breastfeeding and exclusive breastfeeding is unknown. Research aim: This study aimed to determine the relationship between newborn weight loss and duration and exclusivity of breastfeeding among newborns breastfed exclusively during the birth hospitalization...
February 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090399/breastfeeding-in-samoa-a-study-to-explore-women-s-knowledge-and-the-factors-which-influence-infant-feeding-practices
#5
Lucy E Archer, Thomas F Dunne, Lauren J Lock, Lucy A Price, Zubair Ahmed
A decline in breastfeeding rates in Samoa has been reported over the last century. To assess the length of time women breastfeed, their knowledge of both the advantages of and recommendations for breastfeeding, and the factors that influence their decisions to continue or discontinue breastfeeding, a questionnaire was distributed at Tupua Tamasese Meaole Hospital. One hundred and twenty-one eligible participants were included aged 18-50 years (mean age 28.2). Ninety percent of participants initiated breastfeeding, and the majority (78%) of babies were exclusively breastfed for at least the recommended 6 months...
January 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997557/evidence-based-weighing-policy-during-the-first-week-to-prevent-neonatal-hypernatremic-dehydration-while-breastfeeding
#6
Suzanne Boer, Sevim Unal, Jacobus P van Wouwe, Paula van Dommelen
BACKGROUND: Neonatal hypernatremic dehydration is prevented by daily neonatal weight monitoring. We aim to provide evidence-based support of this universally promoted weighing policy and to establish the most crucial days of weighing. METHODS: Weight measurements of 2,359 healthy newborns and of 271 newborns with clinical hypernatremic dehydration were used within the first seven days of life to simulate various weighting policies to prevent hypernatremic dehydration; its sensitivity, specificity and positive predictive value (PPV) of these policies were calculated...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936110/women-s-perceived-reasons-for-their-excessive-postpartum-weight-retention-a-qualitative-interview-study
#7
Anne Christenson, Eva Johansson, Signy Reynisdottir, Jarl Torgerson, Erik Hemmingsson
INTRODUCTION: Obesity in Sweden has doubled to 14% over the last 20 years. New strategies for treatment and prevention are needed. Excessive gestational weight gain has been found to contribute substantially to obesity, and there is a consistent association between postpartum weight retention and obesity later in life. We aimed to explore what factors women perceive as reasons for having substantial postpartum weight retention, to identify areas for new and improved interventions. METHODS: Qualitative interview study (semi-structured) using an emergent design...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883879/challenging-expected-patterns-of-weight-loss-in-full-term-breastfeeding-neonates-born-by-cesarean
#8
Diane Thulier
OBJECTIVE: To determine the mean weight loss (MWL) of newborns and to examine the effect of weight loss > 7% on exclusive breastfeeding rates. DESIGN: A secondary analysis from a retrospective case-control study of maternal hydration and neonatal weight. SETTING: A Level III maternity hospital in the Northeast region of the United States. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 286 women and their term breastfeeding newborns born by cesarean...
January 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869777/the-effects-of-mild-gestational-hyperglycemia-on-exclusive-breastfeeding-cessation
#9
Sergio Verd, Diego de Sotto, Consuelo Fernández, Antonio Gutiérrez
Gestational diabetes increases the risk of a range of adverse perinatal outcomes, including breastfeeding failure, but the best cut-off point for gestational diabetes is unknown. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between mild gestational glucose tolerance impairment and the early cessation of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF). This is an observational study of 768 women with full term pregnancies that were screened for gestational diabetes at 24-28 weeks gestation. Subjects were divided into two groups: those with a normal 1-h glucose challenge test and those with an elevated 1-h glucose challenge test but still did not qualify for gestational diabetes...
November 19, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831952/tenofovir-disoproxil-fumarate-safety-for-women-and-their-infants-during-pregnancy-and-breastfeeding
#10
Lynne M Mofenson, Rachel C Baggaley, Ioannis Mameletzis
OBJECTIVES: Pregnant/lactating women in some sub-Saharan Africa settings are at substantial risk of HIV acquisition and could benefit from preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) with tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF), but safety data in pregnancy/lactation are limited. DESIGN: Systematic data review through August 2016. METHODS: We reviewed research reports/conference abstracts with maternal/child adverse outcome data in HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected pregnant/lactating women receiving TDF alone or in combination with other drugs compared with non-TDF regimens...
January 14, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27574798/early-additional-food-and-fluids-for-healthy-breastfed-full-term-infants
#11
REVIEW
Hazel A Smith, Genevieve E Becker
BACKGROUND: Health organisations recommend exclusive breastfeeding for six months. However, the addition of other fluids or foods before six months is common in many countries. Recently, research has suggested that introducing solid food at around four months of age while the baby continues to breastfeed is more protective against developing food allergies compared to exclusive breastfeeding for six months. Other studies have shown that the risks associated with non-exclusive breastfeeding are dependent on the type of additional food or fluid given...
August 30, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27548367/in-hospital-formula-supplementation-of-healthy-newborns-practices-reasons-and-their-medical-justification
#12
Marija Boban, Irena Zakarija-Grković
INTRODUCTION: In-hospital formula supplementation is a common practice and has been shown to be a strong determinant of shorter exclusive and any breastfeeding. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the reasons for and circumstances in which in-hospital formula supplementation occurs and whether the stated reasons are medically acceptable. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective cohort study was conducted among 342 mother-infant pairs from April to July 2011 at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Hospital of Split, Croatia...
August 22, 2016: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27489089/mediation-analysis-for-health-disparities-research
#13
Ashley I Naimi, Mireille E Schnitzer, Erica E M Moodie, Lisa M Bodnar
Social epidemiologists often seek to determine the mechanisms that underlie health disparities. This work is typically based on mediation procedures that may not be justified with exposures of common interest in social epidemiology. In this analysis, we explored the consequences of using standard approaches, referred to as the difference and generalized product methods, when mediator-outcome confounders are associated with the exposure. We compared these with inverse probability-weighted marginal structural models, the structural transformation method, doubly robust g-estimation of a structural nested model, and doubly robust targeted minimum loss-based estimation...
August 15, 2016: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27473473/aurora-bariatric-surgery-registration-in-women-of-reproductive-age-a-multicenter-prospective-cohort-study
#14
Goele Jans, Christophe Matthys, Sarah Bel, Lieveke Ameye, Matthias Lannoo, Bart Van der Schueren, Bruno Dillemans, Luc Lemmens, Jean-Pierre Saey, Yves van Nieuwenhove, Pascale Grandjean, Ben De Becker, Hilde Logghe, Marc Coppens, Kristien Roelens, Anne Loccufier, Johan Verhaeghe, Roland Devlieger
BACKGROUND: The expansion of the obesity epidemic is accompanied with an increase in bariatric procedures, in particular in women of reproductive age. The weight loss induced by the surgery is believed to reverse the negative impact of overweight and obesity on female reproduction, however, research is limited to in particular retrospective cohort studies and a growing number of small case-series and case-(control) studies. METHODS/DESIGN: AURORA is a multicenter prospective cohort study...
July 29, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27413127/effectiveness-of-a-weight-loss-intervention-in-postpartum-women-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-primary-health-care
#15
Ena Huseinovic, Fredrik Bertz, Monica Leu Agelii, Else Hellebö Johansson, Anna Winkvist, Hilde Kristin Brekke
BACKGROUND: Reproduction has been identified as an important factor for long-term weight gain among women. A previous efficacy trial has successfully produced postpartum weight loss; however, the effectiveness of this intervention needs to be established. OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to evaluate the short- and long-term effectiveness of a diet behavior modification treatment to produce weight loss in postpartum women within the primary health care setting in Sweden...
August 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27374760/cortisol-metabolism-postnatal-depression-and-weight-changes-in-the-first-12-months-postpartum
#16
S L Rogers, B A Hughes, J W Tomlinson, J Blissett
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Postnatal depression correlates with postpartum weight retention, and dysregulated cortisol metabolism is evident in depressed individuals. Cortisol metabolism, BMI and metabolic phenotype are robustly associated, but the role of cortisol metabolism in postnatal mental health and weight loss has never been examined. DESIGN: A longitudinal observation. PATIENTS: Forty nine healthy women with uncomplicated pregnancy...
December 2016: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27337958/management-of-type-1-diabetes-in-pregnancy
#17
REVIEW
Anna Z Feldman, Florence M Brown
Women with type 1 diabetes (T1DM) have unique needs during the preconception, pregnancy, and postpartum periods. Preconception counseling is essential for women with T1DM to minimize pregnancy risks. The goals of preconception care should be tight glycemic control with a hemoglobin A1c (A1C) < 7 % and as close to 6 % as possible, without significant hypoglycemia. This will lower risks of congenital malformations, preeclampsia, and perinatal mortality. The safety of medications should be assessed prior to conception...
August 2016: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27281542/environmental-organic-pollutants-in-human-milk-before-and-after-weight-loss
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Sanna Lignell, Anna Winkvist, Fredrik Bertz, Kathleen M Rasmussen, Anders Glynn, Marie Aune, Hilde Kristin Brekke
Many persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are banned because they accumulate in organisms and are toxic. Lipophilic POPs are stored in maternal adipose tissue and concentrations in human milk (HM) may increase during weight loss. Our aim was to examine associations between weight loss and concentrations of chlorinated POPs in HM in lactating women participating in a weight loss study. We analysed POPs (PCB 28, PCB 153, HCB, DDE) in HM at 12 and 24 weeks postpartum from 32 women who participated in a randomized, 2 × 2 factorial trial of diet and exercise for postpartum weight loss...
September 2016: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27193580/applying-the-com-b-model-to-creation-of-an-it-enabled-health-coaching-and-resource-linkage-program-for-low-income-latina-moms-with-recent-gestational-diabetes-the-star-mama-program
#19
Margaret A Handley, Elizabeth Harleman, Enrique Gonzalez-Mendez, Naomi E Stotland, Priyanka Althavale, Lawrence Fisher, Diana Martinez, Jocelyn Ko, Isabel Sausjord, Christina Rios
BACKGROUND: One of the fastest growing risk groups for early onset of diabetes is women with a recent pregnancy complicated by gestational diabetes, and for this group, Latinas are the largest at-risk group in the USA. Although evidence-based interventions, such as the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP), which focuses on low-cost changes in eating, physical activity and weight management can lower diabetes risk and delay onset, these programs have yet to be tailored to postpartum Latina women...
May 18, 2016: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27081875/the-independent-and-cumulative-effect-of-early-life-risk-factors-on-child-growth-a-preliminary-report
#20
Salma M A Musaad, Sharon M Donovan, Barbara H Fiese
BACKGROUND: Early life risk factors may promote faster infant growth leading to childhood obesity. We examined growth patterns (birth to 12 months) and their association with early life risk factors. METHODS: Participants were drawn from an ongoing birth cohort of 351 mothers. Child weight and length were obtained at birth, 6 weeks, and 3, 6, 9, and 12 months. Independent variables and demographics were tested as risk factors for inclusion in the cumulative risk score if they were significantly associated with change in weight-for-length z-scores (WFLZ; month 12 minus birth) or based on established evidence for an association with child growth...
2016: Childhood Obesity
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