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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521334/lifestyle-recommendations-for-the-prevention-and-management-of-metabolic-syndrome-an-international-panel-recommendation
#1
Pablo Pérez-Martínez, Dimitri P Mikhailidis, Vasilios G Athyros, Mónica Bullo, Patrick Couture, María I Covas, Lawrence de Koning, Javier Delgado-Lista, Andrés Díaz-López, Christian A Drevon, Ramón Estruch, Katherine Esposito, Montserrat Fitó, Marta Garaulet, Dario Giugliano, Antonio García-Ríos, Niki Katsiki, Genovefa Kolovou, Benoît Lamarche, Maria Ida Maiorino, Guillermo Mena-Sánchez, Araceli Muñoz-Garach, Dragana Nikolic, José M Ordovás, Francisco Pérez-Jiménez, Manfredi Rizzo, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Helmut Schröder, Francisco J Tinahones, Rafael de la Torre, Ben van Ommen, Suzan Wopereis, Emilio Ros, José López-Miranda
The importance of metabolic syndrome (MetS) lies in its associated risk of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes, as well as other harmful conditions such as nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. In this report, the available scientific evidence on the associations between lifestyle changes and MetS and its components is reviewed to derive recommendations for MetS prevention and management. Weight loss through an energy-restricted diet together with increased energy expenditure through physical activity contribute to the prevention and treatment of MetS...
May 1, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411894/the-effects-of-dietary-factors-on-blood-pressure
#2
REVIEW
Lawrence J Appel
Evidence supports that multiple dietary factors affect blood pressure (BP). Dietary changes that effectively lower BP are weight loss, reduced sodium intake, increased potassium intake, moderation of alcohol intake, and Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension-style and vegetarian dietary patterns. In view of the increasing levels of BP in children and adults and the continuing epidemic of BP-related cardiovascular and renal diseases, efforts to reduce BP in both nonhypertensive and hypertensive individuals are warranted...
May 2017: Cardiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320464/impact-of-different-dietary-approaches-on-glycemic-control-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#3
Lukas Schwingshackl, Anna Chaimani, Georg Hoffmann, Carolina Schwedhelm, Heiner Boeing
BACKGROUND: Dietary advice is one of the cornerstones in the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus. The American Diabetes Association recommended a hypocaloric diet for overweight or obese adults with type 2 diabetes in order to induce weight loss. However, there is limited evidence on the optimal approaches to control hyperglycemia in type 2 diabetes patients. The aim of the present study is to assess the comparative efficacy of different dietary approaches on glycemic control and blood lipids in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in a systematic review including a standard pairwise and network meta-analysis of randomized trials...
March 20, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998494/pattern-of-socio-economic-and-health-aspects-among-tb-patients-and-controls
#4
A K Kapoor, Vijit Deepani, Meenal Dhall, Satwanti Kapoor
BACKGROUND: Socio-economic and health-related factors have a significant impact on tuberculosis (TB) incidence among population residing in resource-scare settings. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the pattern of socio-economic and health-related factors among TB patients and control in Delhi, India. METHODS: The present cross-sectional study was performed among 893 TB patients (or cases) and 333 healthy disease-free controls. The data for the present study was obtained from several district TB centres in north, west and south Delhi...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821191/nutritional-management-of-hyperapob
#5
Valérie Lamantia, Allan Sniderman, May Faraj
Plasma apoB is a more accurate marker of the risk of CVD and type 2 diabetes (T2D) than LDL-cholesterol; however, nutritional reviews targeting apoB are scarce. Here we reviewed eighty-seven nutritional studies and present conclusions in order of strength of evidence. Plasma apoB was reduced in all studies that induced weight loss of 6-12 % using hypoenergetic diets (seven studies; 5440-7110 kJ/d; 1300-1700 kcal/d; 34-50 % carbohydrates; 27-39 % fat; 18-24 % protein). When macronutrients were compared in isoenergetic diets (eleven studies including eight randomised controlled trials (RCT); n 1189), the diets that reduced plasma apoB were composed of 26-51 % carbohydrates, 26-46 % fat, 11-32 % protein, 10-27 % MUFA, 5-14 % PUFA and 7-13 % SFA...
December 2016: Nutrition Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708845/lifestyle-modification-interventions-differing-in-intensity-and-dietary-stringency-improve-insulin-resistance-through-changes-in-lipoprotein-profiles
#6
D L Ellsworth, N S Costantino, H L Blackburn, R J M Engler, M Kashani, M N Vernalis
OBJECTIVE: Metabolic dysfunction characterized by insulin resistance (IR) is an important risk factor for type-2 diabetes and coronary artery disease (CAD). The aim of this study was to determine if clinical lifestyle interventions differing in scope and intensity improve IR, defined by the lipoprotein IR (LPIR) score, in individuals differing in the severity of metabolic dysfunction. METHODS: Subjects with diagnosed type-2 diabetes, CAD or significant risk factors participated in one of two clinical lifestyle modification interventions: (i) intensive non-randomized programme with a strict vegetarian diet (n = 90 participants, 90 matched controls) or (ii) moderate randomized trial following a Mediterranean-style diet (n = 89 subjects, 58 controls)...
September 2016: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26821042/effects-of-dietary-protein-source-and-quantity-during-weight-loss-on-appetite-energy-expenditure-and-cardio-metabolic-responses
#7
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Jia Li, Cheryl L H Armstrong, Wayne W Campbell
Higher protein meals increase satiety and the thermic effect of feeding (TEF) in acute settings, but it is unclear whether these effects remain after a person becomes acclimated to energy restriction or a given protein intake. This study assessed the effects of predominant protein source (omnivorous, beef/pork vs. lacto-ovo vegetarian, soy/legume) and quantity (10%, 20%, or 30% of energy from protein) on appetite, energy expenditure, and cardio-metabolic indices during energy restriction (ER) in overweight and obese adults...
January 26, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26625781/lifestyle-and-sporadic-colorectal-cancer-in-india
#8
Rupal Sinha, Dinesh Chandra Doval, Showket Hussain, Kapil Kumar, Shivendra Singh, Seemi Farhat Basir, Mausumi Bharadwaj
BACKGROUND: The study evaluated the patient, lifestyle and tumor profile in patients undergoing upfront surgery for sporadic colorectal cancer (CRC) in Indian population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred consecutive patients were included. Details related to their demographic profile, habits, signs and symptoms, tumor profile, further treatment and follow up were recorded. RESULTS: The majority of the patients had colonic cancer (68%), advanced tumor stage 3 and 4 (46%), moderately differentiated tumors (70%) with absence of lymphatic invasion (60%) and metastasis (90%)...
2015: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26480477/the-interconnectedness-of-diet-choice-and-distance-running-results-of-the-research-understanding-the-nutrition-of-endurance-runners-runner-study
#9
Gabrielle M Turner-McGrievy, Wendy J Moore, Daheia Barr-Anderson
This study examined differences in diet, particularly vegetarian and vegan, among ultramarathon and other long distance runners. Participants who had completed a half- (HALF), full- (FULL), or ultramarathon (ULTRA) in the past 12 months were recruited to complete an online survey assessing current diet, reason for diet, and other dietary behaviors. A total of 422 participants completed the survey (n=125 ULTRA, n=152 FULL, n=145 HALF). More ULTRA participants were men (63%) (vs. FULL (37%) and HALF (23%)) and ULTRA participants reported significantly more years of running (16...
October 19, 2015: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26262711/-short-term-effects-on-lipid-profile-and-glycaemia-of-a-low-fat-vegetarian-diet
#10
Laura Quiles, Olga Portolés, José Vicente Sorlí, Dolores Corella
INTRODUCTION: vegetarian diets have been associated with lower risk of cardiovascular disease and a more favourable lipid profile in vegetarians who follow these diets for a long term period in observational studies, but the short-term effects of vegetarian diets are less known. OBJECTIVE: our objective was to analyze the short-term effects of a low-fat vegetarian diet on lipid profile and fasting glucose in previously non-vegetarian subjects from a Mediterranean population...
July 1, 2015: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26197867/vegetarian-diets-for-weight-loss-how-strong-is-the-evidence
#11
COMMENT
Wendy L Bennett, Lawrence J Appel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26164391/dietary-adherence-and-acceptability-of-five-different-diets-including-vegan-and-vegetarian-diets-for-weight-loss-the-new-diets-study
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Wendy J Moore, Michael E McGrievy, Gabrielle M Turner-McGrievy
The goal of the present study was to examine dietary adherence and acceptability among participants from the New DIETs study who were randomized to one of four plant-based diets (vegan, vegetarian, pesco-vegetarian, semi-vegetarian) or an omnivore diet. Primary outcomes at two- and six months included dietary adherence (24-hour dietary recalls), weight loss and changes in animal product intake (mg cholesterol) by adherence status, Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ), Power of Food Scale (PFS), dietary acceptability (Food Acceptability Questionnaire), and impact of diet preference on adherence...
December 2015: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26138004/vegetarian-diets-and-weight-reduction-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#13
REVIEW
Ru-Yi Huang, Chuan-Chin Huang, Frank B Hu, Jorge E Chavarro
BACKGROUND: Vegetarian diets may promote weight loss, but evidence remains inconclusive. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE and UpToDate databases were searched through September 22, 2014, and investigators extracted data regarding study characteristics and assessed study quality among selected randomized clinical trials. Population size, demographic (i.e., gender and age) and anthropometric (i.e., body mass index) characteristics, types of interventions, follow-up periods, and trial quality (Jadad score) were recorded...
January 2016: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25915002/vegetarian-diets-in-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-type-2-diabetes
#14
REVIEW
Hana Kahleova, Terezie Pelikanova
Observational studies show that prevalence of type 2 diabetes is 1.6 to 2 times lower in vegetarians than in the general population, even after adjustment for differences in body mass index (BMI). Clinical interventional trials demonstrated that vegetarian diets lead to a greater weight loss and greater reduction in fasting plasma glucose, HbA1c, blood lipids, and hypoglycemic medication than a conventional hypocaloric diet in subjects with type 2 diabetes. We found a greater reduction in visceral fat and greater improvements in insulin resistance and oxidative stress markers with a vegetarian compared to a conventional hypocaloric diabetic diet...
2015: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25620754/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-changes-in-body-weight-in-clinical-trials-of-vegetarian-diets
#15
REVIEW
Neal D Barnard, Susan M Levin, Yoko Yokoyama
In observational studies, vegetarians generally have lower body weights compared with omnivores. However, weight changes that occur when vegetarian diets are prescribed have not been well quantified. We estimated the effect on body weight when vegetarian diets are prescribed. We searched PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials for articles through December 31, 2013. Additional articles were identified from reference lists. We included intervention trials in which participants were adults, interventions included vegetarian diets of ≥4 weeks' duration without energy intake limitations, and effects on body weight were reported...
June 2015: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25592014/comparative-effectiveness-of-plant-based-diets-for-weight-loss-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-five-different-diets
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Gabrielle M Turner-McGrievy, Charis R Davidson, Ellen E Wingard, Sara Wilcox, Edward A Frongillo
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of plant-based diets on weight loss. METHODS: Participants were enrolled in a 6-mo, five-arm, randomized controlled trial in 2013 in South Carolina. Participants attended weekly group meetings, with the exception of the omnivorous group, which served as the control and attended monthly meetings augmented with weekly e-mail lessons. All groups attended monthly meetings for the last 4 mo of the study. Diets did not emphasize caloric restriction...
February 2015: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24944057/appetite-control-and-biomarkers-of-satiety-with-vegetarian-soy-and-meat-based-high-protein-diets-for-weight-loss-in-obese-men-a-randomized-crossover-trial
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Madalina Neacsu, Claire Fyfe, Graham Horgan, Alexandra M Johnstone
BACKGROUND: There is limited evidence with regard to the effect of different sources of protein on appetite during weight loss. Vegetarian and meat-based high-protein diets may have contrasting effects on appetite and biomarkers of protein-induced satiety. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to assess appetite response to meat or vegetarian high-protein weight-loss (HPWL) diets in obese men to monitor plasma amino acid profile and gut peptide response as potential satiety biomarkers...
August 2014: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24500611/effect-of-a-6-month-vegan-low-carbohydrate-eco-atkins-diet-on-cardiovascular-risk-factors-and-body-weight-in-hyperlipidaemic-adults-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
David J A Jenkins, Julia M W Wong, Cyril W C Kendall, Amin Esfahani, Vivian W Y Ng, Tracy C K Leong, Dorothea A Faulkner, Ed Vidgen, Gregory Paul, Ratna Mukherjea, Elaine S Krul, William Singer
OBJECTIVE: Low-carbohydrate diets may be useful for weight loss. Diets high in vegetable proteins and oils may reduce the risk of coronary heart disease. The main objective was to determine the longer term effect of a diet that was both low-carbohydrate and plant-based on weight loss and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C). DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS: A parallel design study of 39 overweight hyperlipidaemic men and postmenopausal women conducted at a Canadian university-affiliated hospital nutrition research centre from April 2005 to November 2006...
February 5, 2014: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24269507/does-the-type-of-weight-loss-diet-affect-who-participates-in-a-behavioral-weight-loss-intervention-a-comparison-of-participants-for-a-plant-based-diet-versus-a-standard-diet-trial
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Gabrielle M Turner-McGrievy, Charis R Davidson, Sara Wilcox
Studies have found that people following plant-based eating styles, such as vegan or vegetarian diets, often have different demographic characteristics, eating styles, and physical activity (PA) levels than individuals following an omnivorous dietary pattern. There has been no research examining if there are differences in these characteristics among people who are willing to participate in a weight loss intervention using plant-based dietary approaches as compared to a standard reduced calorie approach, which does not exclude food groups...
February 2014: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24124907/temporality-in-british-young-women-s-magazines-food-cooking-and-weight-loss
#20
Rosemary J Spencer, Jean M Russell, Margo E Barker
OBJECTIVE: The present study examines seasonal and temporal patterns in food-related content of two UK magazines for young women focusing on food types, cooking and weight loss. DESIGN: Content analysis of magazines from three time blocks between 1999 and 2011. SETTING: Desk-based study. SUBJECTS: Ninety-seven magazines yielding 590 advertisements and 148 articles. RESULTS: Cluster analysis of type of food advertising produced three clusters of magazines, which reflected recognised food behaviours of young women: vegetarianism, convenience eating and weight control...
October 2014: Public Health Nutrition
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