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Cancer nutrition diet

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143540/association-between-nutrition-resource-stress-and-dietary-consumption-results-from-a-u-s-nationally-representative-survey
#1
Emily Grenen, Erin E Kent, Erin Hennessy, Jada G Hamilton, Rebecca A Ferrer
BACKGROUND: There is little research on how affective reactions (e.g., stress) to perceptions of nutritious food accessibility contribute to dietary behaviors. AIMS: This study explores whether stress associated with limited access to nutritious foods-termed nutrition resource stress (NRS)-contributes to diet outcomes, and whether these associations are mediated by health-related self-efficacy. METHOD: Using data from the cross-sectional National Cancer Institute's Health Information National Trends Survey, analyses were conducted to examine whether reported NRS was associated with specific dietary behaviors (i...
November 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141575/the-protective-effects-of-extra-virgin-olive-oil-on-immune-mediated-inflammatory-responses
#2
Rosa Casas, Ramon Estruch, Emilio Sacanella
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The increasing interest in the Mediterranean diet (MeDiet) hinges on the relevant role it plays in inflammatory diseases. Several clinical, epidemiological and experimental evidences suggest that consumption of the MeDiet reduces the incidence of certain pathologies related to oxidative stress, chronic inflammation and immune system diseases such as cancer, atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease (CVD). DISCUSSION: These reductions can be partially attributed to extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) consumption which has been described as a key bioactive food because of its high nutritional quality and its particular composition of fatty acids, vitamins and polyphenols...
November 13, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129231/the-association-between-the-index-of-nutritional-quality-inq-and-breast-cancer-and-the-evaluation-of-nutrient-intake-of-breast-cancer-patients-a-case-control-study
#3
Farhad Vahid, Mahshid Hatami, Mahya Sadeghi, Fatemeh Ameri, Zeinab Faghfoori, Sayed Hossein Davoodi
OBJECTIVE: Breast cancer (BrCa) is the most frequently diagnosed cancer among females and second cancer after lung cancer in many societies. In Iran, the risk for BrCa is 1 in 35 and each year, 8000 new patients have been diagnosed with BrCa. Studies have shown that dietary components are implicated in the etiology of BrCa. The Index of Nutritional Quality (INQ) is a method of quantitative and qualitative analysis of single foods, meals, and diets. The aim of this study was to determine the usefulness of INQs in predicting BrCa risk...
January 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126396/feasibility-of-structured-endurance-training-and-mediterranean-diet-in-brca1-and-brca2-mutation-carriers-an-interventional-randomized-controlled-multicenter-trial-libre-1
#4
Marion Kiechle, Ricarda Dukatz, Maryam Yahiaoui-Doktor, Anika Berling, Maryam Basrai, Vera Staiger, Uwe Niederberger, Nicole Marter, Jacqueline Lammert, Sabine Grill, Katharina Pfeifer, Kerstin Rhiem, Rita K Schmutzler, Matthias Laudes, Michael Siniatchkin, Martin Halle, Stephan C Bischoff, Christoph Engel
BACKGROUND: Women with pathogenic BRCA germline mutations have an increased risk for breast and ovarian cancer that seems to be modified by life-style factors. Though, randomized trials investigating the impact of lifestyle interventions on cancer prevention and prognosis in BRCA carriers are still missing. METHODS: We implemented a multicenter, prospective randomized controlled trial in BRCA1/2 patients, comparing a lifestyle intervention group (IG) with a control group (CG) with the primary aim to prove feasibility...
November 10, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119242/dietary-antioxidant-capacity-and-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-in-the-large-prospective-e3n-epic-cohort
#5
Francesca Romana Mancini, Aurélie Affret, Courtney Dow, Beverley Balkau, Fabrice Bonnet, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Guy Fagherazzi
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Recent evidence suggests that oxidative stress may contribute to the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes. The diet, and especially fruit and vegetables, contains a variety of compounds with antioxidant activity, which may have cumulative/synergistic antioxidant effects. The total antioxidant capacity, an index derived from dietary intake, is a single estimate of antioxidant capacity from all dietary antioxidants. The main aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between total antioxidant capacity and risk of type 2 diabetes...
November 9, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114108/therapeutic-effects-of-curcumin-on-ultrasonic-morphological-characteristics-of-liver-in-patients-with-metabolic-syndrome
#6
Senada Selmanovic, Azijada Beganlic, Nizama Salihefendic, Farid Ljuca, Albina Softic, Elvisa Smajic
Introduction: Metabolic syndrome (METS) represent a simultaneous presence of multiple metabolic disorders in one person. Prevalence is increasing worldwide, which is probably related to increased obesity and sedentary lifestyle. Non-alcoholic steatosis or "fatty liver" is a metabolic disease caused by fat dysfunction. It can be a sign of some other disease, and can often be found in patients with metabolic disorders. Ultrasound is an acceptable method for the identification of fatty steatosis...
September 2017: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099027/the-effects-of-dietary-nutrition-education-on-weight-and-health-biomarkers-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#7
Andrea Braakhuis, Peta Campion, Karen Bishop
Weight gain after breast cancer diagnosis portends a poorer prognosis, and the majority of sufferers appear to gain weight. Metabolic syndrome is a common co-condition with breast cancer. The Mediterranean diet has been used to reduce excess weight, metabolic syndrome, and to improve the inflammatory profile, and therefore may offer the breast cancer survivor specific benefits over and above the currently recommended nutrition guidelines to eat a low fat, healthy diet. The aim of this randomised controlled trial was to investigate whether a Mediterranean (MD) or low-fat diet (LF) reduce weight and general health in survivors of stage 1-3 breast cancer through a six-month, six-session education package to support dietary change...
June 2, 2017: Medical Sciences: Open Access Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082005/maternal-and-child-health-services-and-an-integrated-life-cycle-approach-to-the-prevention-of-non-communicable-diseases
#8
REVIEW
Luisa Brumana, Alvaro Arroyo, Nina R Schwalbe, Susanna Lehtimaki, David B Hipgrave
Described as the 'invisible epidemic', non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are the world's leading cause of death. Most are caused by preventable factors, including poor diet, tobacco use, harmful use of alcohol and physical inactivity. Diabetes, cancer and cardiovascular and chronic lung diseases were responsible for 38 million (68%) of global deaths in 2012. Since 1990, proportionate NCD mortality has increased substantially as populations have aged and communicable diseases decline. The majority of NCD deaths, especially premature NCD deaths (<70 years, 82%), occur in low-income and middle-income countries, and among poor communities within them...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079305/kras-yap-and-obesity-in-pancreatic-cancer-a-signaling-network-with-multiple-loops
#9
REVIEW
Guido Eibl, Enrique Rozengurt
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) continues to be a lethal disease with no efficacious treatment modalities. The incidence of PDAC is expected to increase, at least partially because of the obesity epidemic. Increased efforts to prevent or intercept this disease are clearly needed. Mutations in KRAS are initiating events in pancreatic carcinogenesis supported by genetically engineered mouse models of the disease. However, oncogenic KRAS is not entirely sufficient for the development of fully invasive PDAC...
October 24, 2017: Seminars in Cancer Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075673/healthy-lifestyle-intervention-for-african-american-uterine-cancer-survivors-study-protocol
#10
Jessica Lynn Stewart, Gina B Besenyi, Lovoria B Williams, Victoria Burt, Judith C Anglin, Sharad A Ghamande, Steven Scott Coughlin
BACKGROUND: Cancer of the uterine corpus is the most common gynecologic malignancy and the fourth most common cancer in U.S. women. There is a racial disparity in the survival from endometrial cancer and this may be addressed by culturally-tailored lifestyle interventions to help African American (AA) endometrial cancer survivors lose weight or maintain a healthy weight. OBJECTIVE: The overall purpose of this pilot study is to develop and evaluate a culturally-tailored lifestyle intervention to help AA uterine cancer survivors reduce their risk of cancer recurrence and improve their quality of life through healthy eating, physical activity, and weight management...
December 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073305/-topinambour-nutritional-and-medical-properties-of-the-jerusalem-artichoke-helianthus-tuberoses-l
#11
REVIEW
Michalina Horochowska, Elżbieta Kołeczek, Zygmunt Zdrojewicz, Jacek Jagiełło, Karolina Pawlus
Topinambour (Helianthus tuberosus L.), also known as the Jerusalem artichoke is a plant, which origins from North America. In XVII century it was brought to the Europe. For ages it was cultivated due to edible tuber and its healing properties.The aim of the article is to present medical properties and application of topinmbour in patient's diet. Many studies were performed on animals to specify medical properties of topinambour. Results show, that topinambour lowers plasma glucose, total cholesterol and triglyceride levels...
2017: Pediatric Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064542/elevated-leukocyte-count-as-a-harbinger-of-systemic-inflammation-disease-progression-and-poor-prognosis-a-review
#12
Piotr Paweł Chmielewski, Bartłomiej Strzelec
Total leukocyte count increases significantly in response to infection, trauma, inflammation, and certain diseases. Factors affecting leukocyte count in healthy adults include sex, hormonal milieu, genetic inheritance, stress level, diet, nutrition, and lifestyle (e.g. tobacco-induced inflammatory changes, chronic psychological stress, etc.). To date, numerous studies have reported that high but normal leukocyte counts at baseline predict increased cardiovascular and noncardiovascular mortality in older adults...
October 24, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053604/nutritional-and-acquired-deficiencies-in-inositol-bioavailability-correlations-with-metabolic-disorders
#13
REVIEW
Simona Dinicola, Mirko Minini, Vittorio Unfer, Roberto Verna, Alessandra Cucina, Mariano Bizzarri
Communities eating a western-like diet, rich in fat, sugar and significantly deprived of fibers, share a relevant increased risk of both metabolic and cancerous diseases. Even more remarkable is that a low-fiber diet lacks some key components-as phytates and inositols-for which a mechanistic link has been clearly established in the pathogenesis of both cancer and metabolic illness. Reduced bioavailability of inositol in living organisms could arise from reduced food supply or from metabolism deregulation. Inositol deregulation has been found in a number of conditions mechanistically and epidemiologically associated to high-glucose diets or altered glucose metabolism...
October 20, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049045/nutrition-physical-activity-and-lifestyle-factors-in-prostate-cancer-prevention
#14
Eric Ballon-Landa, John Kellogg Parsons
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review current evidence for prostate cancer prevention with nutrition, physical activity, and lifestyle interventions and identify future research directions. RECENT FINDINGS: Multiple preclinical and observational studies have observed that diet, exercise, and lifestyle interventions may play a role in mitigating disease progression, mortality, and overall disease burden for high-grade and fatal prostate cancer. Increased vegetable and fruit intakes, decreased red meat and saturated fat intakes, and increased exercise are potentially associated with decreased risk of incident disease and increased progression-free, prostate cancer-specific, and overall survival...
October 18, 2017: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046007/-dietary-recommendations-in-metabolic-vascular-syndrome
#15
Katharina Lechner, Nicole Erickson, Benjamin Lechner, Florian Horn
Cardiovascular disease is the number one cause of death globally. Poor diet constitutes a key factor in the initiation and progression of cardiovascular disease and has become the leading risk factor for disability and death worldwide. Therefore, addressing suboptimal nutrition is of key prognostic relevance in primary and secondary prevention of metabolic vascular syndrome.Metabolic vascular syndrome is a multidimensional network of acquired cardiometabolic risk factors closely related to insulin resistance (IR) and concomitant hyperinsulinemia...
October 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035603/competition-level-not-associated-with-diet-quality-in-marching-artists
#16
Colleen R McConnell, Alyssa McPherson, Kathleen Woolf
Marching artists are a unique group of athletes whose performance can be influenced by nutrition. Because physical demands are thought to be moderate to high, adequate energy and a variety of nutrient-dense foods are needed. The purpose of this study was to examine diet quality, physical activity, and eating behavior of marching artists across elite and non-elite competition levels. This cross-sectional analysis used the validated National Cancer Institute Diet History Questionnaire II, International Physical Activity Questionnaire, and Eating Behavior Patterns Questionnaire...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033850/designing-dietary-recommendations-using-system-level-interactomics-analysis-and-network-based-inference
#17
Tingting Zheng, Yueqiong Ni, Jun Li, Billy K C Chow, Gianni Panagiotou
Background: A range of computational methods that rely on the analysis of genome-wide expression datasets have been developed and successfully used for drug repositioning. The success of these methods is based on the hypothesis that introducing a factor (in this case, a drug molecule) that could reverse the disease gene expression signature will lead to a therapeutic effect. However, it has also been shown that globally reversing the disease expression signature is not a prerequisite for drug activity. On the other hand, the basic idea of significant anti-correlation in expression profiles could have great value for establishing diet-disease associations and could provide new insights into the role of dietary interventions in disease...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022752/nutritional-characteristics-of-the-diets-of-child-and-adolescent-cancer-survivors
#18
Julia Ferrari Carneiro Teixeira, Priscila Dos Santos Maia-Lemos, Luciana Pellegrini Pisani
PURPOSE: Diseases associated with prior treatment, such as obesity, have been described in cancer survivors. Recent studies have shown that current estimates of overweight do not differ from that in the general population, suggesting the influence of environmental factors, such as dietary intake. In this context, there is increasing interest in the examination of health behaviors that may modify and reduce the risk of overweight and obesity. This study aimed to evaluate the characteristics of dietary intake among child cancer survivors living in a developing country...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020414/separate-and-combined-associations-of-obesity-and-metabolic-health-with-coronary-heart-disease-a-pan-european-case-cohort-analysis
#19
Camille Lassale, Ioanna Tzoulaki, Karel G M Moons, Michael Sweeting, Jolanda Boer, Laura Johnson, José María Huerta, Claudia Agnoli, Heinz Freisling, Elisabete Weiderpass, Patrik Wennberg, Daphne L van der A, Larraitz Arriola, Vassiliki Benetou, Heiner Boeing, Fabrice Bonnet, Sandra M Colorado-Yohar, Gunnar Engström, Anne K Eriksen, Pietro Ferrari, Sara Grioni, Matthias Johansson, Rudolf Kaaks, Michail Katsoulis, Verena Katzke, Timothy J Key, Giuseppe Matullo, Olle Melander, Elena Molina-Portillo, Concepción Moreno-Iribas, Margareta Norberg, Kim Overvad, Salvatore Panico, J Ramón Quirós, Calogero Saieva, Guri Skeie, Annika Steffen, Magdalena Stepien, Anne Tjønneland, Antonia Trichopoulou, Rosario Tumino, Yvonne T van der Schouw, W M Monique Verschuren, Claudia Langenberg, Emanuele Di Angelantonio, Elio Riboli, Nicholas J Wareham, John Danesh, Adam S Butterworth
Aims: The hypothesis of 'metabolically healthy obesity' implies that, in the absence of metabolic dysfunction, individuals with excess adiposity are not at greater cardiovascular risk. We tested this hypothesis in a large pan-European prospective study. Methods and results: We conducted a case-cohort analysis in the 520 000-person European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition study ('EPIC-CVD'). During a median follow-up of 12.2 years, we recorded 7637 incident coronary heart disease (CHD) cases...
August 14, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019323/diet-physical-activity-marital-status-and-risk-of-cancer-a-case-control-study-of-adults-from-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#20
Eyad Fawzi AlSaeed, Mutahir A Tunio
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to compare the dietary habits, engagement in various sports, smoking habits, marital status and other demographic characteristics, between cancer patients and healthy adults (control) at our institute, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted on 500 participants (237 cancer patients and 263 healthy adults). A well-structured questionnaire was given to these participants regarding the life style, dietary habits, and marital status through interviews...
September 2017: Gulf Journal of Oncology
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