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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910747/effect-of-dietary-fat-on-gene-expression-in-poultry-a-review
#1
Bahman Navidshad, M Royan
Traditionally, poultry farmers aimed to produce birds with high body weight and feed conversion ratio. However, in line with current developments, there are other traits that must be taken into account as well. These include producing poultry meat with lower body fat content and improving the nutritional quality of the poultry meat to appeal to consumer requirements. The interrelated importance of human diet and health status is an ancient subject. Human foods as a lifestyle factor is involved in the incidence of many types of diseases, such as cardiovascular diseases and cancer...
2016: Critical Reviews in Eukaryotic Gene Expression
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898282/comparative-fingerprinting-of-the-human-microbiota-in-diabetes-and-cardiovascular-disease
#2
Emanuel Vamanu, Diana Pelinescu, Ionela Sarbu
Diabetes and cardiovascular diseases are major causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide, and are associated with changes in the human gut microbiota. To better understand the relationships between diet, disease, and the colonic microbiome, we used the in vitro GIS1 system and repetitive element palindromic polymerase chain reaction (rep-PCR) to determine the microbial fingerprints in individuals with these diseases and compared them with the fingerprints in healthy controls. Clear differences were apparent in the three groups...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895819/nutrition-insulin-resistance-and-dysfunctional-adipose-tissue-determine-the-different-components-of-metabolic-syndrome
#3
REVIEW
Juan Antonio Paniagua
Obesity is an excessive accumulation of body fat that may be harmful to health. Today, obesity is a major public health problem, affecting in greater or lesser proportion all demographic groups. Obesity is estimated by body mass index (BMI) in a clinical setting, but BMI reports neither body composition nor the location of excess body fat. Deaths from cardiovascular diseases, cancer and diabetes accounted for approximately 65% of all deaths, and adiposity and mainly abdominal adiposity are associated with all these disorders...
November 15, 2016: World Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892664/breast-cancer-and-modifiable-lifestyle-factors-in-argentinean-women-addressing-missing-data-in-a-case-control-study
#4
Julia Becaria Coquet, Natalia Tumas, Alberto Ruben Osella, Matteo Tanzi, Isabella Franco, Maria Del Pilar Diaz
A number of studies have evidenced the effect of modifiable lifestyle factors such as diet, breastfeeding and nutritional status on breast cancer risk. However, none have addressed the missing data problem in nutritional epidemiologic research in South America. Missing data is a frequent problem in breast cancer studies and epidemiological settings in general. Estimates of effect obtained from these studies may be biased, if no appropriate method for handling missing data is applied. We performed Multiple Imputation for missing values on covariates in a breast cancer case-control study of Córdoba (Argentina) to optimize risk estimates...
January 10, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890487/polyphenol-intake-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-a-population-with%C3%A2-type-2-diabetes-the-tosca-it-study
#5
Marilena Vitale, Olga Vaccaro, Maria Masulli, Enzo Bonora, Stefano Del Prato, Carlo B Giorda, Antonio Nicolucci, Sebastiano Squatrito, Stefania Auciello, Anna C Babini, Laura Bani, Raffaella Buzzetti, Emanuela Cannarsa, Mauro Cignarelli, Massimo Cigolini, Gennaro Clemente, Sara Cocozza, Laura Corsi, Federica D'Angelo, Elisabetta Dall'Aglio, Graziano Di Cianni, Lucia Fontana, Giovanna Gregori, Sara Grioni, Carla Giordano, Rossella Iannarelli, Ciro Iovine, Annunziata Lapolla, Davide Lauro, Luigi Laviola, Chiara Mazzucchelli, Stefano Signorini, Laura Tonutti, Roberto Trevisan, Chiara Zamboni, Gabriele Riccardi, Angela A Rivellese
BACKGROUND: The role of polyphenol intake on cardiovascular risk factors is little explored, particularly in people with diabetes. AIM: To evaluate the association between the intake of total polyphenols and polyphenol classes with the major cardiovascular risk factors in a population with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Dietary habits were investigated in 2573 males and females participants of the TOSCA.IT study. The European Prospective Investigation on Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) questionnaire was used to assess dietary habits...
November 14, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886704/position-of-the-academy-of-nutrition-and-dietetics-vegetarian-diets
#6
Vesanto Melina, Winston Craig, Susan Levin
It is the position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics that appropriately planned vegetarian, including vegan, diets are healthful, nutritionally adequate, and may provide health benefits for the prevention and treatment of certain diseases. These diets are appropriate for all stages of the life cycle, including pregnancy, lactation, infancy, childhood, adolescence, older adulthood, and for athletes. Plant-based diets are more environmentally sustainable than diets rich in animal products because they use fewer natural resources and are associated with much less environmental damage...
December 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868444/-plant-based-diets-a-review
#7
Zoltán Szabó, Attila Erdélyi, Andrea Gubicskóné Kisbenedek, Tamás Ungár, Éva Lászlóné Polyák, Szilvia Szekeresné Szabó, Réka Erika Kovács, László Bence Raposa, Mária Figler
Plant-based diet is an old-new trend in nutrition. In this review based on a historical context, we wish to introduce this popular nutritional trend. Our aim is to present plant-based diet as a primary measure for prevention. We intend to critically analyse some past stereotypes related to plant-based diet - whose main components include fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes, nuts and seeds - according to the literature (e.g. protein, vitamin B12, folic acid, and iron intake) by doing so we wish to create an adequate conceptual basis for its interpretation...
November 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845960/meat-and-haem-iron-intake-in-relation-to-glioma-in-the-european-prospective-investigation-into-cancer-and-nutrition-study
#8
Heather A Ward, Alicia Gayle, Paula Jakszyn, Melissa Merritt, Beatrice Melin, Heinz Freisling, Elisabete Weiderpass, Anne Tjonneland, Anja Olsen, Christina C Dahm, Kim Overvad, Verena Katzke, Tilman Kühn, Heiner Boeing, Antonia Trichopoulou, Pagona Lagiou, Andreas Kyrozis, Domenico Palli, Vittorio Krogh, Rosario Tumino, Fulvio Ricceri, Amalia Mattiello, Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita, Petra H Peeters, José Ramón Quirós, Antonio Agudo, Miguel Rodriguez-Barranco, Nerea Larrañaga, José M Huerta, Aurelio Barricarte, Emily Sonestedt, Isabel Drake, Maria Sandström, Ruth C Travis, Pietro Ferrari, Elio Riboli, Amanda J Cross
Diets high in red or processed meat have been associated positively with some cancers, and several possible underlying mechanisms have been proposed, including iron-related pathways. However, the role of meat intake in adult glioma risk has yielded conflicting findings because of small sample sizes and heterogeneous tumour classifications. The aim of this study was to examine red meat, processed meat and iron intake in relation to glioma risk in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition study...
November 11, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842613/development-of-a-ffq-for-breast-cancer-survivors-in-korea
#9
Woo-Kyoung Shin, Sihan Song, Eunkyung Hwang, Hyeong-Gon Moon, Dong-Young Noh, Jung Eun Lee
Diet may play an important role in breast cancer recurrence or survival, and therefore assessment of long-term diet among breast cancer survivors is important in breast cancer survivorship research. Given that the diet of breast cancer survivors may differ from that of the general population, the use of a FFQ specific to this group may be needed. The objective of this study was to develop a FFQ for breast cancer survivors, the most commonly used tool to measure long-term dietary patterns in nutritional epidemiological studies...
November 15, 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827912/chemopreventive-agents-and-inhibitors-of-cancer-hallmarks-may-citrus-offer-new-perspectives
#10
REVIEW
Santa Cirmi, Nadia Ferlazzo, Giovanni E Lombardo, Alessandro Maugeri, Gioacchino Calapai, Sebastiano Gangemi, Michele Navarra
Fruits and vegetables have long been recognized as potentially important in the prevention of cancer risk. Thus, scientific interest in nutrition and cancer has grown over time, as shown by increasing number of experimental studies about the relationship between diet and cancer development. This review attempts to provide an insight into the anti-cancer effects of Citrus fruits, with a focus on their bioactive compounds, elucidating the main cellular and molecular mechanisms through which they may protect against cancer...
November 4, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812566/betacyanins-enhance-vitexin-2-o-xyloside-mediated-inhibition-of-proliferation-of-t24-bladder-cancer-cells
#11
E S Scarpa, M Emanuelli, A Frati, V Pozzi, E Antonini, G Diamantini, G Di Ruscio, D Sartini, T Armeni, F Palma, P Ninfali
Betacyanins (BC) were purified from beetroot (Beta vulgaris var. rubra L.) and tested, alone or in combination with vitexin-2-O-xyloside (XVX) from Beta vulgaris var. cicla L., for their ability to reduce the proliferation rate in T24 bladder cancer cells. Combination of BC and XVX exhibited a synergistic effect concerning the inhibition of proliferation in T24 cancer cells at 24 and 48 h but not after 72 h of incubation. The induction of apoptosis was evidenced by means of fluorescence activated cell sorting (FACS) analysis, as well as through the increase in caspase 3 and 8 activities...
November 4, 2016: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812517/a-study-on-the-dietary-intake-and-the-nutritional-status-among-the-pancreatic-cancer-surgical-patients
#12
Jimin Kang, Joon Seong Park, Dong Sup Yoon, Woo Jeong Kim, Hae-Yun Chung, Song Mi Lee, Namsoo Chang
The adequate dietary intake is important to maintain the nutritional status of the patients after pancreatic cancer surgery. This prospective study was designed to investigate the dietary intake and the nutritional status of the patients who had pancreatic cancer surgery. Thirty-one patients (15 men, 16 women) were enrolled and measured body weight, body mass index (BMI), nutritional risk index (NRI), and Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST). Actual oral intake with nutritional impact symptoms recorded on the clinical research foam at every meal and medical information were collected from electronic medical charts...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807666/effects-of-a-multimodal-rehabilitation-programme-on-inflammation-and-oxidative-stress-in-oesophageal-cancer-survivors-the-restore-feasibility-study
#13
Emer M Guinan, Suzanne L Doyle, Linda O'Neill, Margaret R Dunne, Emma K Foley, Jacintha O'Sullivan, John V Reynolds, Juliette Hussey
PURPOSE: Physical, nutritional and quality-of-life compromises are known sequelae of oesophageal cancer (OC) treatment. Inflammation and oxidative stress may be relevant to adverse consequences. Multimodal rehabilitation involving exercise and diet prescription may attenuate some of the negative consequences and optimise survivorship, and this was assessed in this feasibility study in OC patients at least 1 year post-oesophagectomy. METHODS: The 12-week programme included supervised and home-based exercise, dietetic counselling to ensure energy balance and multidisciplinary education...
November 3, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807617/randomized-controlled-clinical-trial-assessing-the-effects-of-oral-nutritional-supplements-in-postoperative-gastric-cancer-patients
#14
Fumihiko Hatao, Kuen-Yuan Chen, Jin-Ming Wu, Ming-Yang Wang, Susumu Aikou, Haruna Onoyama, Nobuyuki Shimizu, Kazuhiko Fukatsu, Yasuyuki Seto, Ming-Tsan Lin
BACKGROUND: Postoperative weight loss and malnutrition are major issues in gastric cancer patients. The concept of oral nutritional supplements (ONS) is gaining widespread acceptance. We investigated the effects of ONS administration on postoperative body weight loss in patients with gastric cancer who had undergone total gastrectomy or distal gastrectomy. METHODS: Patients were randomized to either the treatment or the control group. In both groups, standard surgery for gastric cancer was performed...
November 2, 2016: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806516/evaluating-nutritional-knowledge-and-physical-activity-in-patients-with-gastrointestinal-cancers-and-their-first-degree-relatives-compared-with-non-relatives
#15
Aliakbar Hajaghamohammadi, Ali Zargar
BACKGROUND: Cancer is considered as one the preventable and manageable diseases. Promotion of a healthy diet and physical activity should be one of the major priorities of national strategy in cancer prevention. Aim of this study was to evaluate the nutritional knowledge and physical activity in patients with gastrointestinal cancers and their first degree relatives as compared with non-relatives. METHODS: This study was done as case-control study. Patients with gastrointestinal cancers older than 18 years of age who were diagnosed from April 2007 to June 2012 and their first degree relatives and also non-relatives were included...
July 21, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798746/mammography-seeking-practices-of-central-illinois-amish-women
#16
Sarah Dee Geiger, Diana Grigsby-Toussaint
Motivated by compelling, but scant, literature on high rates of breast cancer mortality among the United States Amish, a survey was conducted to examine mammography-seeking practices among Amish women. Inclusion criteria included age 40-70 years and membership of the Arthur, Illinois Amish community. Data were collected from this unique, socially isolated group through a mail questionnaire focusing on health history, mammography practices, and beliefs surrounding breast health. Sample mammography adherence and "ever mammogram" rates were compared with both the general population of the United States (U...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798341/adult-survivors-of-childhood-cancer-have-poor-adherence-to-dietary-guidelines
#17
Fang Fang Zhang, Rohit P Ojha, Kevin R Krull, Todd M Gibson, Lu Lu, Jennifer Lanctot, Wassim Chemaitilly, Leslie L Robison, Melissa M Hudson
BACKGROUND: Poor nutritional intake can exacerbate the chronic disease burden in childhood cancer survivors, whereas a healthful diet serves a protective function. Few studies have provided detailed evaluations of the diet of childhood cancer survivors. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate diet quality and dietary intakes of key food groups and nutrients in a large cohort of childhood cancer survivors and whether cancer and treatment characteristics have an impact on survivors' long-term intake...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797671/nutritional-correlates-of-human-oral-microbiome
#18
Ikuko Kato, Adrian Vasquez, Gregory Moyerbrailean, Susan Land, Zora Djuric, Jun Sun, Ho-Sheng Lin, Jeffrey L Ram
BACKGROUND: Despite many potential effects of the oral microbiome on oral and systemic health, scant information is available regarding the associations between diet and the oral microbiome. METHODS: Oral rinse DNA samples from 182 participants in a population-based case-control study for colorectal cancer were used to amplify a V3-V4 region of bacterial 16S rRNA gene. The amplicons were sequenced using Illumina MiSeq paired end chemistry on 2 runs, yielding approximately 33 million filtered reads that were assigned to bacterial classes...
October 31, 2016: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797234/life-style-habits-in-a-high-risk-area-for-upper-gastrointestinal-cancers-a-population-based-study-from-shanxi-china
#19
Yi-Kun Cheng, Shang-Man Yao, Yi-Ran Xu, Run-Gui Niu
BACKGROUND: Cancer is a burden on humanity and ranks as a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in China. Shanxi province has its unique cancer patterns and the burden is increasing. In this study, we aimed to assess the pattern of dietary habits and life-style in Shanxi, a high-risk area for upper gastrointestinal cancers in China and further evaluate the trends in cancer incidence and mortality based on registered data. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data on lifestyle, diet, physical activity were obtained from the household health survey at Zhongyang from 2013 to 2015...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792907/exposure-to-endocrine-disrupting-chemicals-among-residents-of-a-rural-vegetarian-vegan-community
#20
Karen Tordjman, Laura Grinshpan, Lena Novack, Thomas Göen, Dar Segev, Lisa Beacher, Naftali Stern, Tamar Berman
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) are increasingly thought to be involved in the rising prevalence of disorders such as obesity, diabetes, and some hormone-dependent cancers. Several lines of evidence have indicated that vegetarian and vegan diets may offer some protection from such diseases. We hypothesized that exposure to selected EDCs among residents of the unique vegetarian/vegan community of Amirim would be lower than what has recently been reported for the omnivorous population in the first Israel Biomonitoring Study (IBMS)...
October 25, 2016: Environment International
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