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Cancer nutrition diet

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220328/the-provision-of-dietary-and-physical-activity-advice-for-men-diagnosed-with-prostate-cancer-a-qualitative-study-of-the-experiences-and-views-of-health-care-professionals-patients-and-partners
#1
Eileen Sutton, Lucy E Hackshaw-McGeagh, Jonathan Aning, Amit Bahl, Anthony Koupparis, Raj Persad, Richard M Martin, J Athene Lane
PURPOSE: To explore the views and experiences of health care professionals (HCPs), men diagnosed with localised prostate cancer and their partners about the provision of advice on diet and physical activity after diagnosis and treatment for localised prostate cancer. METHODS: Semi-structured in-depth interviews with ten HCPs (Consultant Urological Surgeons, Uro-Oncology Clinical Nurse Specialists and Allied Health Professionals: see Table 1) and sixteen men diagnosed with localised prostate cancer and seven of their partners...
February 20, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205223/abdominal-adiposity-is-not-a-mediator-of-the-protective-effect-of-mediterranean-diet-on-colorectal-cancer
#2
Francesca Fasanelli, Daniela Zugna, Maria Teresa Giraudo, Vittorio Krogh, Sara Grioni, Salvatore Panico, Amalia Mattiello, Giovanna Masala, Saverio Caini, Rosario Tumino, Graziella Frasca, Veronica Sciannameo, Fulvio Ricceri, Carlotta Sacerdote
Adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MD) has a preventive effect on colorectal cancer (CRC). Several biological mechanisms have been hypothesized to explain this effect, but the involvement of clinical mediators has not been experimentally proven. We examined the role of abdominal adiposity (i.e. waist-to-hip ratio, WHR) as a potential mediator of the relationship between the MD and CRC in the Italian centres of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition. We evaluated the effect of the Italian Mediterranean Index (IMI) on WHR and of WHR on CRC risk...
February 16, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176776/dietary-intake-of-whole-grains-and-plasma-alkylresorcinol-concentrations-in-relation-to-changes-in-anthropometry-the-danish-diet-cancer-and-health-cohort-study
#3
C Kyrø, M Kristensen, M U Jakobsen, J Halkjær, R Landberg, Hb As Bueno-de-Mesquita, J Christensen, I Romieu, A Tjønneland, A Olsen
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Whole grain intake has been associated with a small but significant lower body weight gain in observational studies, but there is limited knowledge about the associations with specific whole grain types. The objective was to investigate the association between whole grains, different sources of whole grains and biomarkers of whole grain intake (alkylresorcinols) in relation to subsequent changes in waist circumference (WC) and body weight. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Cohort study of 57 053 participants with baseline information on whole grain intake from questionnaires (FFQ) and biomarkers of whole grain rye and wheat intake, plasma alkylresorcinols, for a subset...
February 8, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176669/effects-of-carotenoids-on-health-are-all-the-same-results-from-clinical-trials
#4
Arrigo F G Cicero, Alessandro Colletti
BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress is implicated in the pathogenesis of a lot of age-related pathologies and some types of cancers. Carotenoids have shown antioxidant properties, due to the ability to quench singlet oxygen and to scavenge free radicals that may prevent and treat a wide range of chronic diseases. The aim of this review is to discuss the clinical evidence present in literature about the effects of carotenoids on human health and to evaluate their effectiveness in the prevention and treatment of many chronic diseases...
February 6, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173966/nutrition-interventions-in-patients-with-gynecological-cancers-requiring-surgery
#5
Andreas Obermair, Marko Simunovic, Liz Isenring, Monika Janda
OBJECTIVE: Including developing countries, between 20 and 88% of gynecological oncology patients may present with at least mild malnutrition at diagnosis. Significant morbidity and mortality is attributed to malnutrition. Here we reviewed randomized clinical trials of nutritional interventions used to achieve early return to oral diet, enhance recovery from surgery and reduce adverse events in gynecological cancer patients undergoing surgery. METHODS: Ebscohost (CINAHL+Medline+PsycINFO), Cochrane, Embase, PubMed and Scopus databases were searched for articles published from 2000 onwards...
February 4, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170373/mediterranean-diet-and-risk-of-pancreatic-cancer-in-the-european-prospective-investigation-into-cancer-and-nutrition-cohort
#6
Esther Molina-Montes, María-José Sánchez, Genevieve Buckland, H B As Bueno-de-Mesquita, Elisabete Weiderpass, Pilar Amiano, Petra A Wark, Tilman Kühn, Verena Katzke, José María Huerta, Eva Ardanaz, José Ramón Quirós, Aurélie Affret, Mathilde His, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Petra H Peeters, Weimin Ye, Malin Sund, Heiner Boeing, Khalid Iqbal, Bodil Ohlsson, Emily Sonestedt, Anne Tjønneland, Kristina En Petersen, Ruth C Travis, Guri Skeie, Claudia Agnoli, Salvatore Panico, Domenico Palli, Rosario Tumino, Carlotta Sacerdote, Heinz Freisling, Inge Huybrechts, Kim Overvad, Antonia Trichopoulou, Christina Bamia, Effie Vasilopoulou, Nick Wareham, Kay-Tee Khaw, Amanda J Cross, Heather A Ward, Elio Riboli, Eric J Duell
BACKGROUND: The Mediterranean diet (MD) has been proposed as a means for cancer prevention, but little evidence has been accrued regarding its potential to prevent pancreatic cancer. We investigated the association between the adherence to the MD and pancreatic cancer risk within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohort. METHODS: Over half a million participants from 10 European countries were followed up for over 11 years, after which 865 newly diagnosed exocrine pancreatic cancer cases were identified...
February 7, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166841/long-term-associations-between-inflammatory-dietary-scores-in-relation-to-long-term-c-reactive-protein-status-measured-12-years-later-findings-from-the-suppl%C3%A3-mentation-en-vitamines-et-min%C3%A3-raux-antioxydants-su-vi-max-cohort
#7
Chantal Julia, Karen E Assmann, Nitin Shivappa, James R Hebert, Michael D Wirth, Serge Hercberg, Mathilde Touvier, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot
Chronic low-grade inflammation has been recognised as a key underlying mechanism for several chronic diseases, including cancer and CVD. Nutrition represents a host of key modifiable factors that influence chronic inflammation. Dietary inflammatory scores were developed to assess the inflammatory potential of the diet and have been associated with inflammatory biomarkers in cross-sectional and short-term longitudinal studies. The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between the dietary inflammatory index (DII), the alternate dietary inflammatory index (ADII) and long-term C-reactive protein (CRP)...
February 7, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165394/socio-demographic-determinants-of-diet-quality-in-australian-adults-using-the-validated-healthy-eating-index-for-australian-adults-heifa-2013
#8
Amanda Grech, Zhixian Sui, Hong Ying Siu, Miaobing Zheng, Margaret Allman-Farinelli, Anna Rangan
Diet quality indices have been shown to predict cardiovascular disease, cancer, Type 2 Diabetes, obesity and all-cause mortality. This study aimed to determine the socio-demographics of Australian adults with poor diet quality. Diet quality was assessed for participants of the 2011-2012 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey aged 18 years or above (n = 9435), with the validated 11-component Healthy Eating Index for Australians (HEIFA-2013), based on the 2013 Australian Dietary Guidelines. Differences in scores by demographics (ANOVA) and regression models for associations between the HEIFA-2013 score and demographic characteristics were conducted...
February 4, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155612/the-influence-of-dietary-components-on-early-signs-of-atherosclerosis-in-apparently-healthy-young-adult-males-an-observational-study-of-615-subjects
#9
Girolamo Catapano Minotti, Francesca Cortese, Andrea Corsonello, Giovanni Guadalupi, Antonio Paolo D Arcangelo, Saverio Daniele Palumbo, Rita Naio, Ottovio De Clemente, Andrea Aurelio, Simona Carone, Tiziana Gelsumino, Vincenzo Gemignani, Elisabetta Bianchini, Mariangela Vigotti, Francesco Faita, Luciano Greco, Roberto Primerano, Raffaele Antonelli Incalzi, Marco Matteo Ciccone
BACKGROUND: the literature shows that a healthy diet, rich in fruits and vegetables, has positive effects on overall cardiovascular risk, protecting against atherosclerosis. DESIGN: a cross sectional study in a population of apparently healthy young-adult men with the aim of investigating dietary determinants of early atherosclerosis, assessed by measuring carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) and flow-mediated dilation (FMD) of the brachial artery. METHODS: 615 males (mean age ± SD: 40...
February 1, 2017: Current Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150350/nutrient-intakes-and-compliance-with-nutrient-recommendations-in-children-aged-1-4-years-in-ireland
#10
J Walton, L Kehoe, B A McNulty, A P Nugent, A Flynn
BACKGROUND: The early childhood years represent a period of rapid growth and development characterised by unique requirements for energy and individual nutrients. METHODS: The present study uses data from the National Pre-School Nutrition Survey, a nationally representative sample of Irish children (1-4 years) (n = 500), aiming to estimate energy and nutrient intakes across age and compliance with recommendations (UK and European). A 4-day weighed food-record was used to collect dietary data and statistical modelling (National Cancer Institute method) was applied to estimate usual nutrient intakes...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142298/palm-oil-and-human-health-meeting-report-of-nfi-nutrition-foundation-of-italy-symposium
#11
Franca Marangoni, Claudio Galli, Andrea Ghiselli, Giovanni Lercker, Carlo La Vecchia, Claudio Maffeis, Carlo Agostoni, Donatella Ballardini, Ovidio Brignoli, Pompilio Faggiano, Rosalba Giacco, Claudio Macca, Paolo Magni, Giuseppe Marelli, Walter Marrocco, Vito Leonardo Miniello, Gian Francesco Mureddu, Nicoletta Pellegrini, Roberto Stella, Ersilia Troiano, Elvira Verduci, Roberto Volpe, Andrea Poli
The use of palm oil by the food industry is increasingly criticized, especially in Italy, for its purported negative effects on human health and environment. This paper summarizes the conclusions of a Symposium on this topic, gathered by the Nutrition Foundation of Italy, among experts representing a number of Italian Medical and Nutritional Scientific Societies. Toxicological and environmental issues were not considered. Participants agreed that: no evidence does exist on the specific health effects of palm oil consumption as compared to other saturated fatty acids-rich fats; the stereospecific distribution of saturated fatty acids in the triacylglycerol molecule of palm oil limits their absorption rate and metabolic effects; in agreement with International guidelines, saturated fatty acids intake should be kept <10% of total energy, within a balanced diet; within these limits, no effect of palm oil consumption on human health (and specifically on CVD or cancer risk) can be foreseen...
January 31, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138568/cancer-prevention-lessons-learned-and-future-directions
#12
Barbara K Dunn, Barnett S Kramer
In this review, we address selected areas that are central to the state-of-the-art of cancer prevention science. The emphasis on prevention as a viable and critical approach to decreasing cancer mortality has gained traction in recent years, evidenced by its inclusion in the US Vice President's Cancer Initiative (also termed 'Moonshot'). Cancer prevention occurs by arresting, slowing down, or reversing the carcinogenic process before invasion into surrounding tissue or by avoiding or blocking causative exposure...
December 2016: Trends in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137255/the-norwegian-dietary-guidelines-and-colorectal-cancer-survival-crc-nordiet-study-a-food-based-multicentre-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Hege Berg Henriksen, Hanna Ræder, Siv Kjølsrud Bøhn, Ingvild Paur, Ane Sørlie Kværner, Siv Åshild Billington, Morten Tandberg Eriksen, Gro Wiedsvang, Iris Erlund, Arne Færden, Marit Bragelien Veierød, Manuela Zucknick, Sigbjørn Smeland, Rune Blomhoff
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer survivors are not only at risk for recurrent disease but also at increased risk of comorbidities such as other cancers, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, hypertension and functional decline. In this trial, we aim at investigating whether a diet in accordance with the Norwegian food-based dietary guidelines and focusing at dampening inflammation and oxidative stress will improve long-term disease outcomes and survival in colorectal cancer patients. METHODS/DESIGN: This paper presents the study protocol of the Norwegian Dietary Guidelines and Colorectal Cancer Survival study...
January 30, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130829/inflammatory-potential-of-the-diet-and-mortality-in-the-spanish-cohort-of-the-european-prospective-investigation-into-cancer-and-nutrition-epic-spain
#14
Antonio Agudo, Raquel Masegú, Catalina Bonet, Paula Jakszyn, J Ramon Quirós, Eva Ardanaz, Conchi Moreno-Iribas, Aurelio Barricarte, Pilar Amiano, Larraitz Arriola, Saioa Chamosa, Miren Dorronsoro, Nerea Larrañaga, Carmen Navarro, María-Dolores Chirlaque, Lluís Cirera, Diana Gavrila, José-María Huertas, Miguel Rodriguez-Barranco, Elena Molina-Portillo, Maria-José Sánchez
SCOPE: Low-grade chronic inflammation is associated with several chronic conditions, and diet is known to play a role in chronic inflammation. We aimed to evaluate the association between the inflammatory potential of the diet and mortality in the Spanish population from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC-Spain). METHODS AND RESULTS: The study included 41199 participants (62% female) aged 29-69 years from 5 Spanish regions. During 18 years of follow-up 3316 deaths were identified...
January 28, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122932/greater-adherence-to-cancer-prevention-guidelines-is-associated-with-higher-circulating-concentrations-of-vitamin-d-metabolites-in-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-pooled-participants-from-2-chemoprevention-trials
#15
Lindsay N Kohler, Elizabeth A Hibler, Robin B Harris, Eyal Oren, Denise J Roe, Peter W Jurutka, Elizabeth T Jacobs
BACKGROUND: Several lifestyle factors targeted by the American Cancer Society (ACS) Nutrition and Physical Activity Cancer Prevention Guidelines are also associated with circulating concentrations of vitamin D metabolites. This suggests that greater adherence to the ACS guidelines may be related to better vitamin D status. OBJECTIVE: We examined the relation between adherence to the ACS guidelines and circulating concentrations of 2 vitamin D metabolites, 25-hydroxycholecalciferol [25(OH)D] and 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D [1,25(OH)2D]...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117016/food-as-pharma-the-case-of-glucosinolates
#16
Edoardo Capuano, Matthijs Dekker, Ruud Verkerk, Teresa Oliviero
BACKGROUND: Glucosinolates (GLSs) are dietary plant secondary metabolites occurring in the order Brassicales with potential health effects, in particular as anti-carcinogenic compounds. GLSs are converted into a variety of breakdown products (BPs) upon plant tissue damage and by the gut microbiota. GLS biological activity is related to BPs rather than to GLSs themselves. METHODS: we have reviewed the most recent scientific literature on the metabolic fate and the biological effect of GLSs with particular emphasis on the epidemiological evidence for health effect and evidence from clinical trials...
January 20, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072719/association-between-dietary-fat-intake-and-colorectal-adenoma-in-korean-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Jeehyun Kim, Seung-Won Oh, Young-Sun Kim, Hyuktae Kwon, Hee-Kyung Joh, Ji-Eun Lee, Danbee Park, Jae-Hong Park, Ah-Ryoung Ko, Ye-Ji Kim
The incidence of colorectal cancer is rapidly increasing in South Korea. It is important to clarify the association between colorectal cancer and diet, being one of the main modifiable risk factors, as such studies in the Korean population are lacking.A cross-sectional study was performed using data from participants who had undergone a screening colonoscopy and a nutritional assessment during a routine health check-up from January 2008 to December 2011. Dietary intake data were derived from 1-day food records; colorectal adenoma was histopathologically confirmed by biopsy during colonoscopy...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072447/randomized-clinical-trial-comparing-standard-diet-with-perioperative-oral-immunonutrition-in-total-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer
#18
S Ida, N Hiki, H Cho, K Sakamaki, S Ito, K Fujitani, N Takiguchi, Y Kawashima, K Nishikawa, M Sasako, T Aoyama, M Honda, T Sato, S Nunobe, T Yoshikawa
BACKGROUND: Total gastrectomy for gastric cancer is associated with excessive weight loss and decreased calorie intake. Nutritional support using eicosapentaenoic acid modulates immune function and limits catabolism in patients with advanced cancer, but its impact in the perioperative period is unclear. METHODS: This was a randomized phase III clinical trial of addition of eicosapentaenoic acid-rich nutrition to a standard diet in patients having total gastrectomy for gastric cancer...
January 10, 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070532/evaluation-of-scd-and-fasn-gene-expression-in-baluchi-iran-black-and-arman-sheep
#19
Salmani Izadi Mohammad, Naserian Abbas Ali, Nasiri Mohammad Reza, Majidzadeh Heravi Reza, Valizadeh Reza
BACKGROUND: With the increasing concern for health and nutrition, dietary fat has attracted considerable attention. The composition of fatty acids in the diet is important because they are associated with major diseases including cancers, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. The fatty acid synthase (FASN) and stearoyl-CoA desaturase (delta-9-desaturase) (SCD) genes affect fatty acid composition (1). The expression of SCD and FASN genes is related to an increase in conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) in dairy products, which benefits human health...
October 2016: Reports of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067588/health-benefits-of-fiber-fermentation
#20
Wendy J Dahl, Nicole C Agro, Åsa M Eliasson, Kaley L Mialki, Joseph D Olivera, Carley T Rusch, Carly N Young
Although fiber is well recognized for its effect on laxation, increasing evidence supports the role of fiber in the prevention and treatment of chronic disease. The aim of this review is to provide an overview of the health benefits of fiber and its fermentation, and describe how the products of fermentation may influence disease risk and treatment. Higher fiber intakes are associated with decreased risk of cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, and some forms of cancer. Fiber may also have a role in lowering blood pressure and in preventing obesity by limiting weight gain...
February 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
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