Read by QxMD icon Read

X ray

Manjie Li, Zhaowei Liu, Yongcan Chen, Yang Hai
Interaction between old, corroded iron pipe surfaces and bulk water is crucial to the water quality protection in drinking water distribution systems (WDS). Iron released from corrosion products will deteriorate water quality and lead to red water. This study attempted to understand the effects of pipe materials on corrosion scale characteristics and water quality variations in WDS. A more than 20-year-old hybrid pipe section assembled of unlined cast iron pipe (UCIP) and galvanized iron pipe (GIP) was selected to investigate physico-chemical characteristics of corrosion scales and their effects on water quality variations...
October 18, 2016: Water Research
Chi Ma, Fenghua Wang, Chang Zhang, Zhigang Yu, Jingjing Wei, Zhongzhu Yang, Yongqiu Li, Zihao Li, Mengying Zhu, Liuqing Shen, Guangming Zeng
The new nanophotocatalyst MgZnCr-TiO2 was prepared by co-precipitation under different molar ratio of metals (Zn:Cr) and the loaded amount of TiO2. And it was characterized by X-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy et al. Langmuir model fitted well the adsorption isotherm with the value of R(2) 0.9765, the maximum adsorption capacity was 526.32 mg g(-1), the adsorption followed pseudo second order kinetic by MgZnCr-TiO2 (1:1:2-0.05). The photocatalytic oxidation of Congo red was used to determine the photocatalytic performance of MgZnCr-TiO2 (1:1:2-0...
October 21, 2016: Chemosphere
Qi Zhang, Zhongduo Wang, Feng Hou, Rachel Harding, Xinyi Huang, Aiping Dong, John R Walker, Yufeng Tong
BACKGROUND: Seven in absentia homologs (SIAHs) comprise a family of highly conserved E3 ubiquitin ligases that play an important role in regulating signalling pathways in tumorigenesis, including the DNA damage repair and hypoxia response pathways. SIAH1 and SIAH2 have been found to function as a tumour repressor and a proto-oncogene, respectively, despite the high sequence identity of their substrate binding domains (SBDs). Ubiquitin-specific protease USP19 is a deubiquitinase that forms a complex with SIAHs and counteracts the ligase function...
October 21, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Catherine Mazzola, Lissa C Baird, David F Bauer, Alexandra Beier, Susan Durham, Paul Klimo, Alexander Y Lin, Catherine McClung-Smith, Laura Mitchell, Dimitrios Nikas, Mandeep S Tamber, Rachana Tyagi, Ann Marie Flannery
BACKGROUND: No evidence-based guidelines exist for the imaging of patients with positional plagiocephaly. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review and evidence-based guideline is to answer the question, Is imaging necessary for infants with positional plagiocephaly to make a diagnosis? METHODS: The National Library of Medicine Medline database and the Cochrane Library were queried with the use of MeSH headings and key words relevant to imaging as a means to diagnose plagiocephaly...
November 2016: Neurosurgery
Ravindra Kumar Jha, Prasanta Kumar Guha
WS2 nanosheets have been synthesized by ultrasonication in a binary mixture of acetone and 2-propanol, with a volume ratio of 80:20. Hansen solubility parameters were taken into consideration as part of the process. These nanosheets have been characterized by electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy, and x-ray diffraction, along with spectroscopy such as ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The nanosheets were further used as a sensing material to fabricate a humidity sensor on interdigitated aluminum electrodes, realized over Si/SiO2 substrate using a conventional photolithography technique...
October 24, 2016: Nanotechnology
Seung Hyuk Im, Youngmee Jung, Yangsoo Jang, Soo Hyun Kim
Most biomaterials composed of biodegradable polymers will contact either accidentally or consistently with blood and this commonly requires both good  mechanical strength and blood compatibility. Despite this demand, current processing methods still make it difficult and complex to simultaneously improve the two properties. To overcome present limitations, the aim of this work is to develop a solid-state drawing which is a novel method for blood-contact biomaterials that can simultaneously improve the two essential factors of mechanical strength and blood compatibility, as well as induce a micro-patterned surface...
October 24, 2016: Biofabrication
Richard A Boucher, Jürgen Bauch, Dietmar Wünsche, Gerhard Lackner, Anindya Majumder
X-ray detectors based on metal-oxide semiconductor field effect transistors couple instantaneous measurement with high accuracy. However, they only have a limited measurement lifetime because they undergo permanent degradation due to x-ray beam exposure. A field effect transistor based on carbon nanotubes (CNTs), however, overcomes this drawback of permanent degradation, because it can be reset into its starting state after being exposed to the x-ray beam. In this work the CNTs were deposited using a dielectrophoresis method on SiO2 coated p-type (boron-doped) Si substrates...
October 24, 2016: Nanotechnology
David W Shaffer, Indrani Bhowmick, Arnold L Rheingold, Charlene Tsay, Brooke N Livesay, Matthew P Shores, Jenny Y Yang
We describe the structural and electronic impacts of modifying the bridging atom in a family of Co(ii) pincer complexes with the formula Co(t-Bu)2P(E)Py(E)P(t-Bu)2Br2 (Py = pyridine, E = CH2, NH, and O for compounds 1-3, respectively). Structural characterization by single crystal X-ray diffraction indicates that compounds 1 and 3 are 5-coordinate complexes with both bromides bound to the Co(ii) ion, while compound 2 is square planar with one bromide in the outer coordination sphere. The reduction potentials of 1-3, characterized by cyclic voltammetry, are consistent with the increasing electron-withdrawing character of the pincer ligand as the linker (E) between the pyridine and phosphine arms becomes more electronegative...
October 24, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Nuria A Illán-Cabeza, Sonia B Jiménez-Pulido, Francisco Hueso-Ureña, Tomás Peña-Ruiz, Miguel Quirós-Olozábal, Miguel N Moreno-Carretero
2,4-Bis(1,3,7-trimethyl-pteridine-2,4(1H,3H)-dione-6-yl)-2,3-dihydro-2-methyl-1H-1,5-benzodiazepine (DLMBZD) has been prepared and its molecular and crystal structures have been determined from spectral and XRD data. The benzodiazepine ligand was reacted with zinc(ii), cadmium(ii) and mercury(ii) chloride, bromide and iodide to give complexes with general formula [M(DLMBZD)X2]. The complexes have been synthesized and characterized by IR, NMR and elemental analysis. The structure of seven complexes has been obtained by single crystal X-ray diffraction...
October 24, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Hsueh-Kuan Lu, Li-Ming Chiang, Yu-Yawn Chen, Chih-Lin Chuang, Kuen-Tsann Chen, Gregory B Dwyer, Ying-Lin Hsu, Chun-Hao Chen, Kuen-Chang Hsieh
This study aimed to establish a hand-to-hand (HH) model for bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) fat free mass (FFM) estimation by comparing with a standing position hand-to-foot (HF) BIA model and dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA); we also verified the reliability of the newly developed model. A total of 704 healthy Chinese individuals (403 men and 301 women) participated. FFM (FFMDXA) reference variables were measured using DXA and segmental BIA. Further, regression analysis, Bland-Altman plots, and cross-validation (2/3 participants as the modeling group, 1/3 as the validation group; three turns were repeated for validation grouping) were conducted to compare tests of agreement with FFMDXA reference variables...
October 21, 2016: Nutrients
Yiqiong Pu, Xitong Zhang, Qi Zhang, Bing Wang, Yuxi Chen, Chuanqi Zang, Yuqin Wang, Tina Ting-Xia Dong, Tong Zhang
20(S)-Protopanaxadiol (PPD), a bioactive compound extracted from ginseng, possesses cardioprotective, neuroprotective, anti-inflammatory, antiestrogenic, anticancer and anxiolytic effects. However, the clinical application of PPD is limited by its weak aqueous solubility. In this study, we optimized an efficient method of preparing its phospholipid complex (PPD-PLC) using a central composite design and response surface analysis. The prepared PPD-PLC was characterized by differential scanning calorimetric, powder X-ray diffraction, Fourier-transformed infrared spectroscopy and nuclear magnetic resonance analyses associated with molecular docking calculation...
October 19, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Igor V Ukrainets, Lidiya A Petrushova, Svitlana V Shishkina, Lina A Grinevich, Galina Sim
In order to obtain and then test pharmocologically any possible conformers of the new feasible analgesic N-benzyl-4-hydroxy-1-methyl-2,2-dioxo-1H-2λ⁶,1-benzothiazine-3-carboxamide, its 4-O-sodium salt was synthesized using two methods. X-ray diffraction study made possible to determine that, depending on the chosen synthesis conditions, the above-mentioned compound forms either monosolvate with methanol or monohydrate, where organic anion exists in the form of three different conformers. Pharmacological testing of the two known pseudo-enantiomeric forms of the original N-benzylamide and of the two solvates of its sodium salt was performed simultaneously under the same conditions and in equimolar doses...
October 19, 2016: Scientia Pharmaceutica
Mohammed El Hassouni, Abdessamad Tafraouti, Hechmi Toumi, Eric Lespessailles, Rachid Jennane
Osteoporosis diagnosis has attracted particular attention in recent decades. Textured images from the microarchitecture of osteoporotic and healthy subjects show a high degree of similarity, increasing the difficulty of classifying such textures. Thus, the evaluation of osteoporosis from bone X-ray images presents a major challenge for pattern recognition and medical applications. The purpose of this paper is to use the fractional Brownian motion (fBm) model and the Probability Density Function (PDF) of its increments to compute a similarity measure with the Rao geodesic distance to classify trabecular bone X-ray images...
October 19, 2016: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
Tong Shu, Jianxing Wang, Lei Su, Xueji Zhang
This study describes a novel ratiometric fluorescent sensor based on chemical etching of gold nanocluster (GNCs) for label-free, separation-free determination of tris(2-carboxyethyl)phosphine (TCEP). TCEP was discovered to exhibit unusual chemical behavior toward fluorescent gold nanoclusters: it quenched the red fluorescent emission of the bovine serum album (BSA)-protected GNCs (GNCs@BSA) and simultaneously restored the blue fluorescent emission of the dityrosine (diTyr) residues of the BSA ligand. The TCEP-induced quenching of the fluorescent GNCs@BSA was investigated with the UV-vis adsorption spectrum, the matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MOLDI-TOF-MS), inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), revealing the chemical etching of the gold(0) core of the GNCs@BSA by TCEP...
October 24, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
Akio Hayashi, Hiromi Ota, Xavier López, Norihito Hiyoshi, Nao Tsunoji, Tsuneji Sano, Masahiro Sadakane
Dipotassium cation (K(+))-encapsulated Preyssler-type phosphotungstate, [P5W30O110K2](13-), was prepared by heating monobismuth (Bi(3+))-encapsulated Preyssler-type phosphotungstate, [P5W30O110Bi(H2O)](12-), in acetate buffer in the presence of an excess amount of potassium cations. Characterization of the isolated potassium salt, K13[P5W30O110K2] (1a), and its acid form, H13[P5W30O110K2] (1b), by single crystal X-ray structure analysis, (31)P and (183)W nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, cyclic voltammetry (CV), high-resolution electrospray ionization mass spectroscopy (HR-ESI-MS), and elemental analysis revealed that two potassium cations are encapsulated in the Preyssler-type phosphotungstate molecule with formal D5h symmetry, which is the first example of a Preyssler-type compound with two encapsulated cations...
October 24, 2016: Inorganic Chemistry
Yuji Mikata, Risa Ohnishi, Risa Nishijima, Hideo Konno
The tetrakisquinoline ligand HT(6-MeO8Q)HPN (N,N,N',N'-tetrakis(6-methoxy-8-quinolylmethyl)-2-hydroxy-1,3-propanediamine) exhibited Zn(2+)-induced fluorescence enhancement with high specificity and sensitivity (IZn/I0 = 57 and ICd/IZn = 6% in the presence of 2 equiv of Zn(2+); LOD (limit of detection) = 15 nM). This ligand also exhibited fluorescence enhancement specific to inorganic phosphate (PO4(3-)) in DMF-HEPES buffer (50 mM HEPES, 100 mM KCl, pH = 7.5) (1:1) in the presence of 2 equiv of Zn(2+). The structure of the unprecedented tetranuclear zinc complex with a μ4-PO4 bridge was elucidated by X-ray crystallography as the key species responsible for fluorescence enhancement...
October 24, 2016: Inorganic Chemistry
Mehwish Naz, Toby Hallam, Nina C Berner, Niall McEvoy, Riley Gatensby, John B McManus, Zareen Akhter, Georg S Duesberg
We report on 2H-2H'/1T phase conversion of MoS2 and MoSe2 polycrystalline films grown by thermally assisted conversion. The structural conversion of the transition metal dichalcogenides was successfully carried out by organolithium treatment on chip. As a result we obtained a new 2H-2H'/1T co-phase system of the TMDs thin films which was verified by Raman spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The conversion was successfully carried to on selected areas yielding a lateral heterostructure between the pristine 2H phase and the 2H'/1T co-phase regions...
October 24, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Hong-Xu Na, Pei-Yu Yang, Zheng Yin, Yun-Hong Wang, Li-Xian Chang, Rui Si, Mohamedally Kurmoo, Ming-Hua Zeng
The square-planar monomer NiL2 (Ni1 ), L=2-ethoxy-6-(N-methyl-iminomethyl)phenolate, reacts with M(H2 O)6 (ClO4 )2 , M=Ni or Co, to form heptanuclear disks [Cox Ni7-x (OH)6 (L)6 ](ClO4 )2 ⋅2 CH3 CN (Cox Ni7-x , x=0-7) and the co-crystal [Cox Ni7-x (OH)6 L6 ][NiL2 ](ClO4 )2 ⋅2 CH3 CN (Cox Ni7-x -Ni1 ) under ambient conditions. It has proved possible to explore the bottom-up assembly process of Cox Ni7-x and Cox Ni7-x -Ni1 in real time. The final products have been characterized by thermogravimetric analysis, IR, elemental analysis, ICP-MS, and single-crystal X-ray diffraction...
October 24, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
Srikanth Dasari, Swati Singh, Sri Sivakumar, Ashis K Patra
Dual-photosensitized stable Eu(ΙΙΙ) and Tb(ΙΙΙ) complexes, namely [Eu(dpq)(tfnb)3 ] (1) and [Tb(dpq)(tfnb)3 ] (2), in which dpq=dipyrido[3,2-d:2',3'-f]quinoxaline and Htfnb=4,4,4-trifluoro-1-(2-napthyl)-1,3-butanedione, were designed as bioimaging and light-responsive therapeutic agents. Their X-ray structures, photophysical properties, biological interactions, photoinduced DNA damage, photocytotoxicity, and cellular uptake properties were studied. Discrete mononuclear complexes adopt an eight-coordinated {LnN2 O6 } distorted square antiprism geometry with bidentate N,N-donor dpq and O,O-donor tfnb ligands...
October 24, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
Ezgi Yalçıntaş, Andreas C Scheinost, Xavier Gaona, Marcus Altmaier
The mechanisms for the reduction and uptake of Tc by magnetite (Fe3O4) and mackinawite (FeS) are investigated using X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XANES and EXAFS), in combination with thermodynamic calculations of the Tc/Fe systems and accurate characterization of the solution properties (pHm, pe, [Tc]). Batch sorption experiments were performed under strictly anoxic conditions using freshly prepared magnetite and mackinawite in 0.1 M NaCl solutions with varying initial Tc(vii) concentrations (2 × 10(-5) and 2 × 10(-4) M) and Tc loadings (400-900 ppm)...
October 24, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"