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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154159/turning-wounds-into-wisdom-posttraumatic-growth-over-the-course-of-two-types-of-trauma-focused-psychotherapy-in-patients-with-ptsd
#1
Mirjam J Nijdam, Christianne A I van der Meer, Mirjam van Zuiden, Pasha Dashtgard, Daniël Medema, Yulan Qing, Paul Zhutovsky, Anne Bakker, Miranda Olff
BACKGROUND: Treatment studies in PTSD patients have mostly focused on adverse psychopathological outcomes whereas positive outcomes have received less attention. Objectives of this study were to investigate posttraumatic growth in response to two different psychotherapies, to examine the relationship between symptom improvement and growth, and to determine if posttraumatic growth predicted treatment response. METHODS: Outpatients diagnosed with PTSD after various types of trauma (n = 116) participated in a randomized controlled trial that compared Brief Eclectic Psychotherapy for PTSD (BEP) and Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing therapy (EMDR)...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109693/the-effectiveness-of-eye-movement-desensitization-and-reprocessing-integrative-group-protocol-with-adolescent-survivors-of-the-central-italy-earthquake
#2
Giada Maslovaric, Maria Zaccagnino, Clarice Mezzaluna, Sava Perilli, Denis Trivellato, Vittorio Longo, Cristina Civilotti
Earthquakes, which can cause widespread territorial and socio-economic destruction, are life-threatening, unexpected, unpredictable, and uncontrollable events caused by the shaking of the surface of the earth. The psychological consequences, such as PTSD, anxiety, depression, and suicidal ideation, are well-known to clinicians and researchers. This study was conducted with the aim of evaluating the use of the Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) Integrative Group Treatment Protocol on a sample of adolescents, after the earthquake in Central Italy on 24 August 2016...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073743/eye-movement-desensitization-and-reprocessing-to-facilitate-posttraumatic-growth-a-prospective-clinical-pilot-study-on-ferry-disaster-survivors
#3
Sang Won Jeon, Changsu Han, Joonho Choi, Young-Hoon Ko, Ho-Kyoung Yoon, Yong-Ku Kim
Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the therapeutic effects of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) on post-traumatic growth (PTG). Methods: This study was conducted using a sample of ten survivors of a large-scale maritime disaster that occurred in the Yellow Sea, South Korea, in April 2014. A total of eight EMDR sessions were administered by a psychiatrist at two-week intervals over a period of five months, starting two or three months after the accident...
November 30, 2017: Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience: the Official Scientific Journal of the Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066991/efficacy-of-eye-movement-desensitization-and-reprocessing-in-children-and-adolescent-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#4
REVIEW
Ana Moreno-Alcázar, Devi Treen, Alicia Valiente-Gómez, Albert Sio-Eroles, Víctor Pérez, Benedikt L Amann, Joaquim Radua
Background: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can occur in both adults and children/adolescents. Untreated PTSD can lead to negative long-term mental health conditions such as depression, anxiety, low self-concept, disruptive behaviors, and/or substance use disorders. To prevent these adverse effects, treatment of PTSD is essential, especially in young population due to their greater vulnerability. The principal aim of this meta-analysis was to examine the efficacy of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) therapy for PTSD symptoms in children and adolescents...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039536/adipose%C3%A2-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-attenuate-cisplatin%C3%A2-induced-apoptosis-in-epithelial-ovarian-cancer-cells
#5
Yiping Wen, Yan Guo, Zaiju Huang, Jing Cai, Zehua Wang
Environment-mediated drug resistance (EMDR) serves an important role in tumor chemotherapy resistance. Adipose‑derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADSC) are an important component of the tumor microenvironment. However, the role of ADSC in EMDR remains unclear. Therefore, in order to clarify whether ADSCs contribute to the cisplatin‑mediated apoptosis in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC), the present study isolated ADSCs from the omentum of women with benign disease and collected the ADSC culture medium as conditioned medium...
December 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038685/exploring-expectation-effects-in-emdr-does-prior-treatment-knowledge-affect-the-degrading-effects-of-eye-movements-on-memories
#6
Marianne Littel, Kevin van Schie, Marcel A van den Hout
Background: Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) is an effective psychological treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder. Recalling a memory while simultaneously making eye movements (EM) decreases a memory's vividness and/or emotionality. It has been argued that non-specific factors, such as treatment expectancy and experimental demand, may contribute to the EMDR's effectiveness. Objective: The present study was designed to test whether expectations about the working mechanism of EMDR would alter the memory attenuating effects of EM...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038684/modification-of-episodic-memories-by-novel-learning-a-failed-replication-study
#7
Kevin van Schie, Suzanne C van Veen, Marcel A van den Hout, Iris M Engelhard
Background: After reactivation, memories can become unstable and sensitive to modification before they are restored into long-term memory. Using behavioural manipulations, reactivated memories may be disrupted via the mechanism of interference (i.e. novel learning). In a laboratory study, Wichert et al. (2013a) showed that new learning after reactivation changed episodic memory, while new learning alone or reactivation alone did not. Objective: Given the potential clinical application of such a procedure in trauma-focused psychological treatments, such as CBT or EMDR, the aim of this study was to replicate Wichert et al...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018388/emdr-beyond-ptsd-a-systematic-literature-review
#8
Alicia Valiente-Gómez, Ana Moreno-Alcázar, Devi Treen, Carlos Cedrón, Francesc Colom, Víctor Pérez, Benedikt L Amann
Background: Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) is a psychotherapeutic approach that has demonstrated efficacy in the treatment of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) through several randomized controlled trials (RCT). Solid evidence shows that traumatic events can contribute to the onset of severe mental disorders and can worsen their prognosis. The aim of this systematic review is to summarize the most important findings from RCT conducted in the treatment of comorbid traumatic events in psychosis, bipolar disorder, unipolar depression, anxiety disorders, substance use disorders, and chronic back pain...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017196/-the-role-of-eye-movement-desensitization-and-reprocessing-emdr-in-substance-use-disorders-a-systematic-review
#9
René Pilz, Riccarda Hartleb, Gabriela Konrad, Eva Reininghaus, Human Friedrich Unterrainer
Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) is a therapeutic method that has been shown to be especially effective in traumatic disorders. Since the concept of an addiction memory has become widely accepted, the use of EMDR also in substance use disorders (SUD) treatment might count as a separate field. This review summarizes the current state of research on treatment effects EMDR in SUD. The literature search included the databases of PubMed and PsychInfo; four studies met the inclusion criteria. EMDR was found to be related to a decreased amount of craving, fear and depression and to an improvement of emotion regulation and management and self-esteem...
October 2017: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983265/the-aip-model-of-emdr-therapy-and-pathogenic-memories
#10
Michael Hase, Ute M Balmaceda, Luca Ostacoli, Peter Liebermann, Arne Hofmann
Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) therapy has been widely recognized as an efficacious treatment for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). In the last years more insight has been gained regarding the efficacy of EMDR therapy in a broad field of mental disorders beyond PTSD. The cornerstone of EMDR therapy is its unique model of pathogenesis and change: the adaptive information processing (AIP) model. The AIP model developed by F. Shapiro has found support and differentiation in recent studies on the importance of memories in the pathogenesis of a range of mental disorders beside PTSD...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878718/errors-in-the-2017-apa-clinical-practice-guideline-for-the-treatment-of-ptsd-what-the-data-actually-says
#11
REVIEW
Sarah K Dominguez, Christopher W Lee
The American Psychological Association (APA) Practice Guidelines for the Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) concluded that there was strong evidence for cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), cognitive processing therapy (CPT), cognitive therapy (CT), and exposure therapy yet weak evidence for eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR). This is despite the findings from an associated systematic review which concluded that EMDR leads to loss of PTSD diagnosis and symptom reduction. Depression symptoms were also found to improve more with EMDR than control conditions...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868042/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-vs-eye-movement-desensitization-and-reprocessing-for-treating-panic-disorder-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Ferdinand Horst, Brenda Den Oudsten, Wobbe Zijlstra, Ad de Jongh, Jill Lobbestael, Jolanda De Vries
Objective: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is an effective intervention for patients with panic disorder (PD). From a theoretical perspective, Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) therapy could also be useful in the treatment of PD because: (1) panic attacks can be experienced as life threatening; (2) panic memories specific to PD resemble traumatic memories as seen in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD); and (3) PD often develops following a distressing life event. The primary objective of this Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT), was to compare EMDR therapy with CBT for PD and determine whether EMDR is not worse than CBT in reducing panic symptoms and improving Quality Of Life (QOL)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834138/emdr-as-a-treatment-for-long-term-depression-a-feasibility-study
#13
Emily Wood, Thomas Ricketts, Glenys Parry
OBJECTIVE: Current treatments for long-term depression - medication and psychotherapy - are effective for some but not all clients. New approaches need to be developed to complement the ones already available. This study was designed to test the feasibility of using an effective post-traumatic stress disorder treatment for people with long-term depression. DESIGN: A single-case experimental design with replications was undertaken as a feasibility study of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) in treating long-term depression...
August 18, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752580/a-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-emdr-and-cbt-for-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#14
Zoe Marsden, Karina Lovell, David Blore, Shehzad Ali, Jaime Delgadillo
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) as a treatment for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), by comparison to cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) based on exposure and response prevention. METHOD: This was a pragmatic, feasibility randomized controlled trial in which 55 participants with OCD were randomized to EMDR (n = 29) or CBT (n = 26). The Yale-Brown obsessive-compulsive scale was completed at baseline, after treatment and at 6 months follow-up...
July 28, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716816/sphingosine-1-phosphate-receptor-1-promotes-environment-mediated-and-acquired-chemoresistance
#15
Veronica Lifshitz, Saul J Priceman, Wenzhao Li, Gregory Cherryholmes, Heehyoung Lee, Adar Makovski-Silverstein, Lucia Borriello, Yves A DeClerck, Hua Yu
Drug resistance is a major barrier for the development of effective and durable cancer therapies. Overcoming this challenge requires further defining the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying drug resistance, both acquired and environment-mediated drug resistance (EMDR). Here, using neuroblastoma (NB), a childhood cancer with high incidence of recurrence due to resistance to chemotherapy, as a model we show that human bone marrow-mesenchymal stromal cells induce tumor expression of sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor-1 (S1PR1), leading to their resistance to chemotherapy...
November 2017: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708415/assessing-the-effectiveness-of-yoga-as-a-complementary-and-alternative-treatment-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-a-review-and-synthesis
#16
REVIEW
Nicole A Sciarrino, Christian DeLucia, Kaitlin O'Brien, Kristen McAdams
OBJECTIVES: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a debilitating condition that affects many who have experienced trauma. In addition to skills-focused treatments, exposure-based treatments, cognitive therapy, combination treatments, and EMDR, a number of alternative treatments for PTSD have emerged in recent years. The search for alternative treatments is justified based on the empirical observation that a large percentage of individuals fail to benefit optimally from existing treatments (e...
October 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667881/grey-matter-density-changes-of-structures-involved-in-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd-after-recovery-following-eye-movement-desensitization-and-reprocessing-emdr-therapy
#17
Sarah Boukezzi, Myriam El Khoury-Malhame, Guillaume Auzias, Emmanuelle Reynaud, Pierre-François Rousseau, Emmanuel Richard, Xavier Zendjidjian, Jacques Roques, Nathalie Castelli, Nadia Correard, Valérie Guyon, Caroline Gellato, Jean-Claude Samuelian, Aida Cancel, Magali Comte, Marianne Latinus, Eric Guedj, Stéphanie Khalfa
Recovery of stress-induced structural alterations in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) remains largely unexplored. This study aimed to determine whether symptoms improvement is associated with grey matter (GM) density changes of brain structures involved in PTSD. Two groups of PTSD patients were involved in this study. The first group was treated with Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) therapy and recovered from their symptoms (recovery group) (n = 11); Patients were scanned prior to therapy (T1), one week (T2) and five months after the end of therapy (T3)...
June 19, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660669/comparison-of-eye-movement-desensitization-and-reprocessing-therapy-cognitive-behavioral-writing-therapy-and-wait-list-in-pediatric-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-following-single-incident-trauma-a-multicenter-randomized-clinical-trial
#18
Carlijn de Roos, Saskia van der Oord, Bonne Zijlstra, Sacha Lucassen, Sean Perrin, Paul Emmelkamp, Ad de Jongh
BACKGROUND: Practice guidelines for childhood posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) recommend trauma-focused psychotherapies, mainly cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) therapy is a brief trauma-focused, evidence-based treatment for PTSD in adults, but with few well-designed trials involving children and adolescents. METHODS: We conducted a single-blind, randomized trial with three arms (n = 103): EMDR (n = 43), Cognitive Behavior Writing Therapy (CBWT; n = 42), and wait-list (WL; n = 18)...
November 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659851/bilateral-alternating-auditory-stimulations-facilitate-fear-extinction-and-retrieval
#19
Sarah Boukezzi, Catarina Silva, Bruno Nazarian, Pierre-François Rousseau, Eric Guedj, Camila Valenzuela-Moguillansky, Stéphanie Khalfa
Disruption of fear conditioning, its extinction and its retrieval are at the core of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Such deficits, especially fear extinction delay, disappear after alternating bilateral stimulations (BLS) during eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) therapy. An animal model of fear recovery, based on auditory cued fear conditioning and extinction learning, recently showed that BLS facilitate fear extinction and fear extinction retrieval. Our goal was to determine if these previous results found in animals can be reproduced in humans...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656479/-emdr-as-a%C3%A2-psychotherapeutic-approach-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-pain-is-eye-movement-desensitization-and-reprocessing-an-effective-therapy-for-patients-with-chronic-pain-who-do-not-suffer-from-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#20
REVIEW
M Wicking, C Maier, J Tesarz, K Bernardy
The efficacy of Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) has been demonstrated for posttraumatic stress disorder. Despite promising research, it is still not clear if EMDR is a similarly effective treatment for chronic pain. Controlled trials are lacking and whether specific mechanisms underlie the effects remains unknown. The treatment of chronic pain aims at a reduction of subjective pain sensations. To achieve this goal without the usage of pain medications, i. e. through psychotherapy, is desirable for many reasons (e...
October 2017: Der Schmerz
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