keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

depressive episode

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230987/-comparison-of-criminal-characteristics-in-depression-patients-and-schizophrenics-with-homicide-behavior
#1
J Wang, P X Fu, Y L Gao, M X Zhu, T T Shi
OBJECTIVES: To explore the criminal characteristics of forensic psychiatry expertise in depression patients and schizophrenics with homicide behavior. METHODS: A total of 40 depression (depressive episode) patients and 50 schizophrenics with homicide behavior were randomly assigned into the study group and control group, respectively. Data of demographic and criminal characteristic of the two groups were collected by a self-designed questionnaire, and then were compared...
June 2017: Fa Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229218/a-controlled-study-of-plasma-fatty-acids-in-indian-patients-with-depressive-episode
#2
Bichitra Nanda Patra, Sudhir K Khandelwal, Rakesh K Chadda, Ramakrishnan Lakshmy, Ransi Ann Abraham
AIM: To study the plasma omega 3 and omega 6 fatty acid levels in patients with depressive episode and in matched healthy controls. METHOD: Thirty patients with first episode depression and thirty healthy matched control subjects were recruited from a tertiary care hospital setting. We measured plasma omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acid levels of the study and the control group. RESULT: There were no significant differences in plasma omega 3 fatty acid levels between study group and control group...
December 8, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228982/electroconvulsive-therapy-for-manic-state-with-mixed-and-psychotic-features-in-a-teenager-with-bipolar-disorder-and-comorbid-episodic-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-a-case-report
#3
Olof Rask, Klara Suneson, Eva Holmström, Beata Bäckström, Björn Axel Johansson
BACKGROUND: Comorbidity of bipolar disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder is common in adolescence. Obsessive-compulsive disorder symptoms may be episodic and secondary to alterations in mood, and display specific features. Management of pediatric bipolar disorder-obsessive-compulsive disorder is challenging, as pharmacotherapy of obsessive-compulsive disorder may induce or exacerbate manic episodes and there is limited evidence of treatment efficacy. Electroconvulsive therapy is sparsely used in children and adolescents, but is documented to be a safe and efficacious intervention in adults with bipolar disorder...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228943/reconsidering-the-prognosis-of-major-depressive-disorder-across-diagnostic-boundaries-full-recovery-is-the-exception-rather-than-the-rule
#4
Judith Verduijn, Josine E Verhoeven, Yuri Milaneschi, Robert A Schoevers, Albert M van Hemert, Aartjan T F Beekman, Brenda W J H Penninx
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is often handled as an episodic and isolated disorder, resulting in an optimistic view about its prognosis. Herein, we test the idea that the prognosis of MDD changes if we vary the perspective in terms of (1) a longer time frame and (2) a broader diagnostic conceptualisation including dysthymia, (hypo)mania and anxiety disorders as relevant outcomes. METHODS: Patients with current MDD at baseline (n = 903) and available 2-, 4-, and/or 6-year follow-up assessments were selected from the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety, a psychiatric cohort study...
December 12, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228516/refining-prediction-in-treatment-resistant-depression-results-of-machine-learning-analyses-in-the-trd-iii-sample
#5
Alexander Kautzky, Markus Dold, Lucie Bartova, Marie Spies, Thomas Vanicek, Daniel Souery, Stuart Montgomery, Julien Mendlewicz, Joseph Zohar, Chiara Fabbri, Alessandro Serretti, Rupert Lanzenberger, Siegfried Kasper
OBJECTIVE: The study objective was to generate a prediction model for treatment-resistant depression (TRD) using machine learning featuring a large set of 47 clinical and sociodemographic predictors of treatment outcome. METHOD: 552 Patients diagnosed with major depressive disorder (MDD) according to DSM-IV criteria were enrolled between 2011 and 2016. TRD was defined as failure to reach response to antidepressant treatment, characterized by a Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) score below 22 after at least 2 antidepressant trials of adequate length and dosage were administered...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228458/seeing-the-signs-using-the-course-of-residual-depressive-symptomatology-to-predict-patterns-of-relapse-and-recurrence-of-major-depressive-disorder
#6
Floor E A Verhoeven, Klaas J Wardenaar, Henricus G Eric Ruhé, Henk Jan Conradi, Peter de Jonge
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is characterized by high relapse/recurrence rates. Predicting individual patients' relapse/recurrence risk has proven hard, possibly due to course heterogeneity among patients. This study aimed to (1) identify homogeneous data-driven subgroups with different patterns of relapse/recurrence and (2) identify associated predictors. METHODS: For a year, we collected weekly depressive symptom ratings in 213 primary care MDD patients...
December 11, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227034/the-clinical-course-of-late-life-bipolar-disorder-looking-back-and-forward
#7
Annemiek Dols, Nicole Korten, Hannie Comijs, Sigfried Schouws, Moniek van Dijk, Ursula Klumpers, Aartjan Beekman, Ralph Kupka, Max Stek
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about the course of late-life bipolar disorder (LLBD). First, we studied patients with LLBD retrospectively with regard to age at first mood episode, onset polarity, predominant polarity and episode density and its associations with other clinical variables. Next, we examined prospectively the clinical course and its associated factors. METHODS: Data were used from a dynamic cohort (Dutch Older Bipolars [DOBi]) including 101 patients with LLBD (mean age of 68...
December 11, 2017: Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224581/executive-function-and-other-cognitive-deficits-are-distal-risk-factors-of-generalized-anxiety-disorder-9-years-later
#8
Nur Hani Zainal, Michelle G Newman
OBJECTIVE: The cognitive model (Hirsch & Mathews, 2012) and attentional control theory (Eysenck & Derakshan, 2011) postulate that compromised executive function (EF) and other cognitive constructs are negatively linked to increased excessive and uncontrollable worry, the core symptom of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). However, the prospective link between neuropsychological constructs and GAD are not well understood. METHODS: A nationally representative sample of 2605 community-dwelling adults whose average age was 55...
December 11, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220065/clinical-profile-of-patients-with-psychogenic-non-epileptic-seizures-in-puerto-rico
#9
Joashlie M Méndez-Ruiz, Alfonso Martínez-Taboas, Yeira M Valdez-Pimentel, Miguel Torres-Narváez, Marianette Colón-Laboy, Gisela G Jiménez-Colón, José Rodríguez-Gómez, Christian J González-Jiménez
OBJECTIVE: Specialized epilepsy clinics receive many cases (20%-30% of total cases) in which the patients are diagnosed with psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES). In Puerto Rico, there has been a lack of research on and data about patients with PNES. This study examined the clinical profile of 34 patients with a confirmed diagnosis of PNES. METHODS: A secondary analysis of 34 clinical records of patients with PNES was conducted. The resulting profile was based on clinical interviews, the behavioral presentation of seizures, the history of traumatic experiences or abuse, and the relationship between PNES events and life stressors...
December 2017: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216784/evaluation-of-peripheral-serotonin-content-and-%C3%AE-2-adrenergic-receptor-function-as-potential-markers-for-life-long-recurrent-depressive-disorder-by-using-methodological-improvements
#10
Boris Aleksovski, Antoni Novotni, Viktorija Vujović, Vladimir Rendevski, Nensi Manusheva, Violeta Neceva, Ana Filipce, Aleksandar Risteski, Vasko Aleksovski, Icko Gjorgoski
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the role and the relations between peripheral platelet serotonin content, blood plasma serotonin concentration and the function of platelet α2-adrenergic receptors (α2-AR) as potential state or trait biomarkers for recurrent depressive disorder (RDD). METHODS: 26 drug-free patients with life-long RDD and 31 healthy controls were included in the study. Several methodological improvements in blood collection and platelet isolation were implemented following the present standards in Haematology and Light transmission aggregometry...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215743/driven-exercise-in-the-absence-of-binge-eating-implications-for-purging-disorder
#11
Janet A Lydecker, Megan Shea, Carlos M Grilo
OBJECTIVE: Purging disorder (PD) is characterized by recurrent purging without objectively large binge-eating episodes. PD has received relatively little attention, and questions remain about the clinical significance of "purging" by exercise that is driven or compulsive (i.e., as extreme compensatory or weight-control behavior). The little available research suggests that individuals who use exercise as a compensatory behavior might have less eating-disorder psychopathology than those who purge by vomiting or laxatives, but those studies have had smaller sample sizes, defined PD using low-frequency thresholds, and defined exercise without weight-compensatory or driven elements...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213506/symptoms-of-depression-in-patients-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-in-parkinson-s-disease
#12
Ana Lara Soares Blum Malak, Luiz Felipe Vasconcellos, João Santos Pereira, Denise Vieira Greca, Manuela Cruz, Heloisa Veiga Dias Alves, Mariana Sptiz, Helenice Charchat-Fichman
Objective: To investigate the most frequent depressive symptoms and their association with cognition in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Methods: 48 patients with PD and 44 controls (CG), aged between 50 and 80 years and with at least 4 years of formal education, all with MCI and none diagnosed with depression, were assessed. Patients and controls were matched for age, education, and Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) score...
April 2017: Dementia & Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213280/subthreshold-psychiatric-psychopathology-in-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-can-it-be-the-bridge-between-gastroenterology-and-psychiatry
#13
Cristina Stasi, Cristiana Nisita, Sonia Cortopassi, Giorgio Corretti, Dario Gambaccini, Nicola De Bortoli, Bernardo Fani, Natalia Simonetti, Angelo Ricchiuti, Liliana Dell'Osso, Santino Marchi, Massimo Bellini
Background and Aims: Functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGDs) are multifactorial disorders of the gut-brain interaction. This study investigated the prevalence of Axis I and spectrum disorders in patients with FGD and established the link between FGDs and psychopathological dimensions. Methods: A total of 135 consecutive patients with FGD were enrolled. The symptoms' severity was evaluated using questionnaires, while the psychiatric evaluation by clinical interviews established the presence/absence of mental (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual-4th edition, Axis I Diagnosis) or spectrum disorders...
2017: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210088/exodermis-and-endodermis-are-the-sites-of-xanthone-biosynthesis-in-hypericum-perforatum-roots
#14
Noemi Tocci, Mariam Gaid, Filip Kaftan, Asma K Belkheir, Ines Belhadj, Benye Liu, Aleš Svatoš, Robert Hänsch, Gabriella Pasqua, Ludger Beerhues
Xanthones are specialized metabolites with antimicrobial properties, which accumulate in roots of Hypericum perforatum. This medicinal plant provides widely taken remedies for depressive episodes and skin disorders. Owing to the array of pharmacological activities, xanthone derivatives attract attention for drug design. Little is known about the sites of biosynthesis and accumulation of xanthones in roots. Xanthone biosynthesis is localized at the transcript, protein, and product levels using in situ mRNA hybridization, indirect immunofluorescence detection, and high lateral and mass resolution mass spectrometry imaging (AP-SMALDI-FT-Orbitrap MSI), respectively...
December 6, 2017: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209876/mentalization-deficit-in-bipolar-patients-during-an-acute-depressive-and-manic-episode-association-with-cognitive-functions
#15
Anna Bodnar, Janusz K Rybakowski
BACKGROUND: A number of studies in bipolar patients have shown a deficit in mentalization (theory of mind), one of the main aspects of social cognition. The aim of current study was to assess both cognitive and affective mentalization in well-defined groups of depressed and manic bipolar patients, compared to healthy control subjects, using a battery of tests measuring mentalization processes. The second aim was to investigate a possible relationship between cognitive and affective mentalization and cognitive functions in bipolar patients during a depressive and manic episode...
December 6, 2017: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209479/a-brief-psychotic-episode-with-depressive-symptoms-in-silent-right-frontal-lobe-infarct
#16
Salziyan Badrin, Noraini Mohamad, Nor Akma Yunus, Maryam Mohd Zulkifli
Psychiatric symptoms may be related to a silent cerebral infarct, a phenomenon that has been described previously in literature. Acute psychosis or other neuropsychiatric symptoms including depression may present in stroke patients and patients with lesions either within the prefrontal or occipital cortices, or in subcortical areas such as the basal ganglia, thalamus, mid-brain, and brainstem. Psychosis in clinical stroke or in silent cerebral infarction is uncommon and not well documented in the literature...
November 2017: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209374/mental-health-assessment-of-south-korean-adults-on-probation
#17
Soungwan Kim, Bongseog Kim
Objective: The association of offender mental illness (including those on probation) with crime has long been the subject of social interest; however, systematic management has been insufficient. The study purpose was to analyze mental illness prevalence, proportion of first offenses and recidivism with the mental illness of those on probation. Methods: A total of 206 adults on probation were divided into groups (first offenders and repeat offenders) and they completed self-report instruments and clinical interviews designed to diagnose mental illness...
November 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206826/-response-to-serotonergic-and-noradrenergic-antidepressants-a-crossover-study-of-fluoxetine-and-desipramine-in-patients-with-first-major-depression-episode
#18
José Alfonso Ontiveros-Sánchez de la Barquera
BACKGROUND: Response rate data from studies with different kinds of antidepressant drugs help in the development of guidelines for the rational prescription of pharmacotherapy. However, there are still few comparative studies with selective reuptake inhibition on serotonin or norepinephrine in the same sample of major depression patients. METHODS: First episode major depression (DSM-III-R) outpatients who completed 6 weeks in two double-blind randomized trials with fluoxetine and desipramine were crossed over to treatment with the other drug under open conditions for 6 weeks...
November 2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205026/prevalence-risk-factors-and-prognosis-of-depressive-disorders
#19
Niina Markkula, Jaana Suvisaari
In Finland, one out of ten adults had a depressive disorder on 2011, and compared to year 2000, the prevalence increased especially in women. Risk factors for recurrent depressive episodes included female gender, young age, childhood adversities, and prior mild depressive symptoms. During follow-up, 75% of patients recovered, and the risk for prolonged depression was increased in those living alone or with severe symptoms. Depressive disorders are associated with a two-fold risk of death, which can only partly be explained by physical illness and negative health behavior...
2017: Duodecim; Lääketieteellinen Aikakauskirja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200575/are-we-overdiagnosing-bipolar-disorder
#20
M S Reddy, Starlin M Vijay, Swetha Reddy
Bipolar disorder (BD) is an established diagnostic entity used by clinicians for over a century. It is distinguished by the distinct manic and depressive episodes with interepisode euthymia. It has an illness course where both recovery and recurrences are a rule and has a good long-term prognosis, as reported earlier by Emil Kraeplin. There is an opinion in the current literature that BD is often underdiagnosed as unipolar depression, and based on that opinion, spectrum concept was introduced. Here, we present 5 cases to highlight that overdiagnosis of BD is also not infrequent and we discuss its reasons and therapeutic implications...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
keyword
keyword
20605
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"