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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732243/modeling-trait-depression-amplifies-the-effect-of-childbearing-on-postpartum-depression
#1
Kristen G Merkitch, Katherine G Jonas, Michael W O'Hara
BACKGROUND: The literature on the relative risk for depression in the postpartum period has largely focused on state (or episodic) depression, and has not addressed trait depression (a woman's general tendency to experience depressed mood). The present study evaluates the association between childbirth and depression in the postpartum period, taking into account the role of stable differences in women's vulnerability for depression across a 10-year span. METHODS: Data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 Cohort (N = 4385) were used...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731960/perceived-pain-extent-is-not-associated-with-widespread-pressure-pain-sensitivity-clinical-features-related-disability-anxiety-or-depression-in-women-with-episodic-migraine
#2
Cesar Fernández-de-Las-Peñas, Deborah Falla, María Palacios-Ceña, Stella Fuensalidad-Novo, Jose L Arias-Buría, Alessandro Schneebeli, Lars Arend-Nielsen, Marco Barbero
OBJECTIVE: People with migraine present with varying pain extent and an expanded distribution of perceived pain may reflect central sensitization. The relationship between pain extent and clinical features, psychological outcomes, related-disability and pressure pain sensitivity in migraine has been poorly investigated. Our aim was to investigate whether the perceived pain extent, assessed from pain drawings, relates to measures of pressure pain sensitivity, clinical, psychological outcomes, and related-disability in women with episodic migraine...
July 20, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729304/effectiveness-of-the-management-of-major-depressive-episodes-disorder-in-adults-with-comorbid-chronic-physical-diseases-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Pablo Martínez, Ariel Castro, Diego Alonso, Paul A Vöhringer, Graciela Rojas
INTRODUCTION: Depression is a global-scale public health problem, and a significant association has been established between depression and chronic physical diseases. This growing comorbidity poses a challenge to healthcare systems. We aim to assess the effectiveness of the management of major depressive episodes/disorder in adults with comorbid chronic physical diseases. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised clinical trials...
July 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728640/hangover-symptoms-heavy-episodic-drinking-and-depression-in-young-adults-a-cross-lagged-analysis
#4
Thomas M Piasecki, Constantine J Trela, Robin J Mermelstein
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine associations between symptoms of alcohol hangover and depression, both cross-sectionally and prospectively. METHOD: Data were from a survey of young adults (N = 986, 60% female) initially recruited as part of an observational study of youth smoking. Participants reported past-year hangover symptoms, past-year frequency of heavy episodic drinking (HED), and past-week depression symptoms on two occasions separated by 1 year...
July 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728096/early-life-stress-explains-reduced-positive-memory-biases-in-remitted-depression
#5
J A Gethin, K E Lythe, C I Workman, A Mayes, J Moll, R Zahn
BACKGROUND: There is contradictory evidence regarding negative memory biases in major depressive disorder (MDD) and whether these persist into remission, which would suggest their role as vulnerability traits rather than correlates of mood state. Early life stress (ELS), common in patients with psychiatric disorders, has independently been associated with memory biases, and confounds MDD versus control group comparisons. Furthermore, in most studies negative biases could have resulted from executive impairments rather than memory difficulties per se...
July 10, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726513/effects-of-depression-and-past-year-binge-drinking-on-cognitive-control-processes-during-a-flanker-task-in-college-aged-adults
#6
Arin M Connell, Sarah Danzo, Glen Dawson
BACKGROUND: Recent but largely separate literatures have examined neurocognitive alterations related to both depression and binge drinking, suggesting similar patterns of impairments in attention control and decisional processes. However, depression and problematic alcohol use tend to co-occur, and few studies have examined whether cognitive processing effects of depression and binge drinking are independent or interacting. OBJECTIVE: The current study examined joint effects of depressive symptoms and past-year binge drinking on cognitive processing (measured via EEG assessment)...
July 20, 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724162/-psychosis-intoxication-or-serotonin-syndrome-a-20-year-old-male-with-ziprasidone-und-sertraline
#7
Sven Speerforck, Deborah Janowitz, Georg Schomerus, Hans J Grabe
A young male with schizophrenia, dependence syndrome (multiple drug use) and a severe depressive episode develops a serotonin syndrome with Sertraline and Ziprasidone. Making the correct diagnosis, although potentially challenging, remains vital.
July 19, 2017: Psychiatrische Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723686/population-based-study-on-the-epidemiology-of-m%C3%A3-ni%C3%A3-re-s-disease
#8
Saskia G Bruderer, Daniel Bodmer, Nadja A Stohler, Susan S Jick, Christoph R Meier
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Ménière's disease (MD) is a disorder of the inner ear typically showing recurrent acute episodes of vertigo, hearing loss, and tinnitus. Epidemiologic studies on MD are scarce. We assessed the incidence rates (IRs) of MD and describe the characteristics of MD cases, comparing them to control patients without recorded evidence of MD. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective population-based follow-up study and a nested case-control analysis using data from the UK-based Clinical Practice Research Datalink...
July 20, 2017: Audiology & Neuro-otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722128/solar-insolation-in-springtime-influences-age-of-onset-of-bipolar-i-disorder
#9
M Bauer, T Glenn, M Alda, M A Aleksandrovich, O A Andreassen, E Angelopoulos, R Ardau, Y Ayhan, C Baethge, S R Bharathram, R Bauer, B T Baune, C Becerra-Palars, F Bellivier, R H Belmaker, M Berk, Y Bersudsky, Ş Bicakci, H Birabwa-Oketcho, T D Bjella, L Bossini, J Cabrera, E Y W Cheung, M Del Zompo, S Dodd, M Donix, B Etain, A Fagiolini, K N Fountoulakis, M A Frye, A Gonzalez-Pinto, J F Gottlieb, P Grof, H Harima, C Henry, E T Isometsä, S Janno, F Kapczinski, M Kardell, S Khaldi, S Kliwicki, B König, T L Kot, R Krogh, M Kunz, B Lafer, M Landén, E R Larsen, U Lewitzka, R W Licht, C Lopez-Jaramillo, G MacQueen, M Manchia, W Marsh, M Martinez-Cengotitabengoa, I Melle, F Meza-Urzúa, M Yee Ming, S Monteith, G Morken, E Mosca, R Munoz, S V Mythri, F Nacef, R K Nadella, F G Nery, R E Nielsen, C O'Donovan, A Omrani, Y Osher, H Østermark Sørensen, U Ouali, Y Pica Ruiz, M Pilhatsch, M Pinna, F D R da Ponte, D Quiroz, R Ramesar, N Rasgon, M S Reddy, A Reif, P Ritter, J K Rybakowski, K Sagduyu, Â M Scippa, E Severus, C Simhandl, D J Stein, S Strejilevich, M Subramaniam, A H Sulaiman, K Suominen, H Tagata, Y Tatebayashi, L Tondo, C Torrent, A E Vaaler, J Veeh, E Vieta, B Viswanath, M Yoldi-Negrete, M Zetin, Y Zgueb, P C Whybrow
OBJECTIVE: To confirm prior findings that the larger the maximum monthly increase in solar insolation in springtime, the younger the age of onset of bipolar disorder. METHOD: Data were collected from 5536 patients at 50 sites in 32 countries on six continents. Onset occurred at 456 locations in 57 countries. Variables included solar insolation, birth-cohort, family history, polarity of first episode and country physician density. RESULTS: There was a significant, inverse association between the maximum monthly increase in solar insolation at the onset location, and the age of onset...
July 19, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719420/the-bidirectional-relationship-between-vasomotor-symptoms-and-depression-across-the-menopausal-transition-a-systematic-review-of-longitudinal-studies
#10
Rifani B Natari, Alexandra M Clavarino, Treasure M McGuire, Kaeleen D Dingle, Samantha A Hollingworth
OBJECTIVE: To explore the nature of the bidirectional relationship between vasomotor symptoms (VMS) and depression, and to determine whether hot flashes and night sweats differentially affect the association between VMS and depression through their effect on sleep disruption. METHODS: Multiple databases were searched from 1961 until July 31, 2016, and a manual search of reference lists of identified articles was conducted. Sixteen articles that involved 10,008 participants were identified and analyzed...
July 17, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715727/efficacy-and-safety-of-long-term-antidepressant-treatment-for-bipolar-disorders-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#11
Bangshan Liu, Yan Zhang, Han Fang, Jin Liu, Tiebang Liu, Lingjiang Li
OBJECTIVE: Efficacy and safety of long-term use of antidepressants (AD) in bipolar disorder (BD) patients remains highly controversial. Here we performed a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) exploring the efficacy and safety of long-term AD use in BD patients. METHODS: English-written literature published in peer-reviewed journal was systematically searched from Pubmed, EMBASE, CENTRAL, PsycINFO and Clinicaltrials.gov. Each database was searched from its first available time to August 31, 2016...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714751/antidepressant-efficacy-of-electroconvulsive-therapy-is-associated-with-a-reduction-of-the-innate-cellular-immune-activity-in-the-cerebrospinal-fluid-in-patients-with-depression
#12
Laura Kranaster, Carolin Hoyer, Suna S Aksay, J Malte Bumb, Norbert Müller, Peter Zill, Markus J Schwarz, Alexander Sartorius
OBJECTIVES: A bidirectional link between the antidepressant effects of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) and the modulation of the immune system has been proposed. To elucidate the interplay between antidepressant treatment and macrophage/microglia activation in humans, we performed a study on the effects of the antidepressant treatment by ECT on markers of macrophage/microglia activation in patients with depression. METHODS: We measured six different markers (IL-6, neopterin, sCD14, sCD163 MIF and MCP1) of macrophage/microglia activation in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and blood of 12 patients with a severe, treatment-resistant depressive episode before and after a course of ECT...
July 17, 2017: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714575/rate-and-predictors-of-conversion-from-unipolar-to-bipolar-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Lars Vedel Kessing, Inge Willer, Per Kragh Andersen, Jens Drachman Bukh
OBJECTIVES: For the first time to present a systematic review and meta-analysis of the conversion rate and predictors of conversion from unipolar disorder to bipolar disorder. METHODS: A systematic literature search up to October 2016 was performed. For the meta-analysis, we only included studies that used survival analysis to estimate the conversion rate. RESULTS: A total of 31 studies were identified, among which 11 used survival analyses, including two register-based studies...
July 17, 2017: Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713080/clinical-and-psychopathological-characteristics-of-the-autoagressive-behavior-in-patients-with-the-first-psychotic-episode-with-considering-circadian-rhythms
#14
Dmytro I Boiko, Lilia V Zhyvotovska, Grigorij T Sonnik, Andrij M Skrypnіkov
INTRODUCTION: The high rate of autoagressive action in patients with psychotic symptoms manifested during the beginning of active psychopharmatherapy, and they are often the reason for psychiatric help. The continuous growth of autoagressive behavior indicates the number of unsolved problems in clinical suicidology. AIM: The aim of this research was to explore the clinical and psychopathological characteristics of the autoagressive behavior in patients with the first psychotic episode with considering circadian rhythms...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711814/problem-alcohol-use-and-healthcare-utilization-among-persons-with-cannabis-use-disorder-in-the-united-states
#15
William S John, Li-Tzy Wu
BACKGROUND: The emergency department (ED) and hospital settings represent crucial opportunities for engaging treatment for cannabis use disorder (CUD). Thus, there is a need to identify factors associated with healthcare utilization among persons with CUD to improve screening and intervention approaches. Problematic alcohol use may be a salient risk factor. METHODS: Using data from the 2005-2013 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health, we determined factors, including different patterns of alcohol use, associated with past-year ED admission and inpatient hospitalization among persons aged 12 years or older meeting criteria for CUD in the past year (N=16,757)...
June 30, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711798/psychotic-like-experiences-and-happiness-in-the-english-general-population
#16
Ai Koyanagi
BACKGROUND: Psychotic-like experiences (PLEs) have been associated with a variety of adverse outcomes but how they affect happiness in individuals with PLE is unknown. Thus, the aim of the study was to assess the association between PLEs and happiness, and the factors that may influence this association. METHODS: Nationally representative data from the 2007 Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey including adults aged ≥ 16 years was analyzed. The Psychosis Screening Questionnaire was used to assess past 12-month PLE...
November 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711797/symptom-severity-and-disability-in-psychiatric-disorders-the-u-s-collaborative-psychiatric-epidemiology-survey
#17
R García-Velázquez, M Jokela, T H Rosenström
BACKGROUND: While most psychiatric diagnoses are based on simple counts of symptoms, some symptoms may be sign of a more severe mental syndrome than others. This calls for validated estimates of the relative severity specific symptoms imply within a disorder. We focused on four diagnostic disorders: Manic Episode (ME), Major Depressive Episode (MDE), Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD). Symptom-specific severity parameters were estimated, and validated by examining their association with levels of self-reported disability in daily activities over and above the number of symptoms...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711724/neurotrophic-and-inflammatory-markers-in-bipolar-disorder-a-prospective-study
#18
Seline van den Ameele, Violette Coppens, Jeroen Schuermans, Peter De Boer, Maarten Timmers, Erik Fransen, Bernard Sabbe, Manuel Morrens
Altered neurotrophic signaling is thought to impair neuroplasticity in bipolar disorder (BD). Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is proposed as a neurotrophic marker in BD. However, the current evidence for its use in monitoring disease activity and illness progression is conflicting and an exploration of additional neurotrophic markers is needed. This prospective case-control study investigated mood-specific changes in potential neurotrophic markers and their association to inflammatory activity. Patients with BD were included during an acute mood episode, either depressive (n=35) or (hypo)manic (n=32)...
July 5, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711109/moderation-of-the-alliance-outcome-association-by-prior-depressive-episodes-differential-effects-in-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-and-short-term-psychodynamic-supportive-psychotherapy
#19
Lorenzo Lorenzo-Luaces, Ellen Driessen, Robert J DeRubeis, Henricus L Van, John R Keefe, Mariëlle Hendriksen, Jack Dekker
Prior studies have suggested that the association between the alliance and depression improvement varies as a function of prior history of depression. We sought to replicate these findings and extend them to short-term psychodynamic supportive psychotherapy (SPSP) in a sample of patients who were randomized to one of these treatments and were administered the Helping Alliance Questionnaire (N=282) at Week 5 of treatment. Overall, the alliance was a predictor of symptom change (d=0.33). In SPSP, the alliance was a modest but robust predictor of change, irrespective of prior episodes (d=0...
September 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710953/partially-distinct-combinations-of-psychological-metabolic-and-inflammatory-risk-factors-are-prospectively-associated-with-the-onset-of-the-subtypes-of-major-depressive-disorder-in-midlife
#20
Dominique A Rudaz, Caroline L Vandeleur, Sirak Z Gebreab, Mehdi Gholam-Rezaee, Marie-Pierre F Strippoli, Aurélie M Lasserre, Jennifer Glaus, Enrique Castelao, Giorgio Pistis, Roland von Känel, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Gérard Waeber, Peter Vollenweider, Martin Preisig
BACKGROUND: Given the well known heterogeneity of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), dividing this complex disorder into subtypes is likely to be a more promising approach to identify its determinants than to study it as a whole. METHODS: In a prospective population-based cohort study (CoLaus|PsyCoLaus) with 5.5 years of follow-up, 1524 participants without MDD at baseline, aged 35-66 years (mean age 51.4 years, 43.4% females), participated in the physical and psychiatric baseline and the psychiatric follow-up evaluations...
November 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
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