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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816544/animal-inflammation-based-models-of-depression-and-their-application-to-drug-discovery
#1
Li Ma, Konstantin A Demin, Tatyana O Kolesnikova, Sergey L Kharsko, Xiaokang Zhu, Xiaodong Yuan, Cai Song, Darya A Meshalkina, Brian E Leonard, Li Tian, Allan V Kalueff
Depression, anxiety and other affective disorders are globally widespread and severely debilitating human brain diseases. Despite their high prevalence and mental health impact, affective pathogenesis is poorly understood, and often remains recurrent and resistant to treatment. The lack of efficient antidepressants and presently limited conceptual innovation necessitate novel approaches and new drug targets in the field of antidepressant therapy. Areas covered: Herein, the authors discuss the emerging role of neuro-immune interactions in affective pathogenesis, which can become useful targets for CNS drug discovery, including modulating neuroinflammatory pathways to alleviate affective pathogenesis...
August 17, 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811802/clinical-features-and-risk-factors-for-irritable-bowel-syndrome-in-migraine-patients
#2
Chunlin Li, Shengyuan Yu, Huiying Li, Jin Zhou, Jieqiong Liu, Wenjing Tang, Lei Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Clinical and basic research increasingly suggests a correlation between migraine and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). In this study, we aimed to explore the clinical features and risk factors for IBS in migraine patients. METHODS: This was a retrospective, cross-sectional study. A total of 1,112 consecutive patients from the internal medicine and emergency departments of three hospitals from June 2014 through 2016. A comprehensive interviewer-administered questionnaire was designed based on the International Classification of Headache Disorders, 3rd edition (beta version)...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809859/do-regional-brain-volumes-and-major-depressive-disorder-share-genetic-architecture-a-study-of-generation-scotland-n-19%C3%A2-762-uk-biobank-n-24%C3%A2-048-and-the-english-longitudinal-study-of-ageing-n-5766
#3
E M Wigmore, T-K Clarke, D M Howard, M J Adams, L S Hall, Y Zeng, J Gibson, G Davies, A M Fernandez-Pujals, P A Thomson, C Hayward, B H Smith, L J Hocking, S Padmanabhan, I J Deary, D J Porteous, K K Nicodemus, A M McIntosh
Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a heritable and highly debilitating condition. It is commonly associated with subcortical volumetric abnormalities, the most replicated of these being reduced hippocampal volume. Using the most recent published data from Enhancing Neuroimaging Genetics through Meta-analysis (ENIGMA) consortium's genome-wide association study of regional brain volume, we sought to test whether there is shared genetic architecture between seven subcortical brain volumes and intracranial volume (ICV) and MDD...
August 15, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805198/severe-reversible-hypocalcemic-cardiomyopathy-diagnosed-36-years-after-subtotal-thyroidectomy-a-case-report
#4
Waldemar Elikowski, Małgorzata Małek-Elikowska, Patrycja Lachowska-Kotowska
Chronic hypocalcemia, irrespectively of its etiology, can lead to severe impairment of the left ventricular (LV) contractility manifesting as dilated cardiomyopathy, usually defined as hypocalcemic cardiomyopathy (hypocaCM). This rarely diagnosed type of heart failure (HF), can be completely reversible, when treated properly with calcium and vitamin D supplementation or, in some subjects, with human recombinant parathormone. A CASE REPORT: The authors present a case of a 60-year-old male admitted with advanced pulmonary congestion, recurrent pulmonary edema and pleural effusion...
July 21, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805079/nonlinear-recurrent-dynamics-and-long-term-nonstationarities-in-eeg-alpha-cortical-activity-implications-for-choosing-adequate-segment-length-in-nonlinear-eeg-analyses
#5
Alexander Cerquera, Madelon A Vollebregt, Martijn Arns
Nonlinear analysis of EEG recordings allows detection of characteristics that would probably be neglected by linear methods. This study aimed to determine a suitable epoch length for nonlinear analysis of EEG data based on its recurrence rate in EEG alpha activity (electrodes Fz, Oz, and Pz) from 28 healthy and 64 major depressive disorder subjects. Two nonlinear metrics, Lempel-Ziv complexity and scaling index, were applied in sliding windows of 20 seconds shifted every 1 second and in nonoverlapping windows of 1 minute...
August 1, 2017: Clinical EEG and Neuroscience: Official Journal of the EEG and Clinical Neuroscience Society (ENCS)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797618/risk-factors-for-falls-in-community-stroke-survivors-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Tianma Xu, Lindy Clemson, Kate O'Loughlin, Natasha A Lannin, Catherine Dean, Gerald Koh
OBJECTIVE: To identify the risk factors for falls in community stroke survivors. DATA SOURCES: A comprehensive search for articles indexed on MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsychINFO, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science databases was conducted. STUDY SELECTION: Prospective studies investigating fall risk factors in community stroke survivors were included. Reviewers in pair independently screened the articles and determined inclusion through consensus...
August 7, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795185/bio-psychosocial-factors-are-associated-with-pain-intensity-physical-functioning-and-ability-to-work-in-female-healthcare-personnel-with-recurrent-low-back-pain
#7
Annika Taulaniemi, Lotta Kuusinen, Kari Tokola, Markku Kankaanpää, Jaana H Suni
OBJECTIVE: To investigate associations of various bio-psychosocial factors with bodily pain, physical func-tioning, and ability to work in low back pain. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SUBJECTS: A total of 219 female healthcare workers with recurrent non-specific low back pain. METHODS: Associations between several physical and psychosocial factors and: (i) bodily pain, (ii) physical functioning and (iii) ability to work were studied...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776350/comparison-of-baseline-characteristics-between-community-based-and-hospital-based-suicidal-ideators-and-its-implications-for-tailoring-strategies-for-suicide-prevention-korean-cohort-for-the-model-predicting-a-suicide-and-suicide-related-behavior
#8
C Hyung Keun Park, Jae Won Lee, Sang Yeol Lee, Jungjoon Moon, Se Hoon Shim, Jong Woo Paik, Shin Gyeom Kim, Seong Jin Cho, Min Hyuk Kim, Seokho Kim, Jae Hyun Park, Sungeun You, Hong Jin Jeon, Yong Min Ahn
In this cross-sectional study, we aimed to identify distinguishing factors between populations with suicidal ideation recruited from hospitals and communities to make an efficient allocation of limited anti-suicidal resources according to group differences. We analyzed the baseline data from 120 individuals in a community-based cohort (CC) and 137 individuals in a hospital-based cohort (HC) with suicidal ideation obtained from the Korean Cohort for the Model Predicting a Suicide and Suicide-related Behavior (K-COMPASS) study...
September 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769564/modeling-association-between-times-to-recurrence-of-the-different-polarities-in-bipolar-disorder-among-service-seekers-in-urban-nigeria-a-survival-analysis-approach
#9
Adeniyi Francis Fagbamigbe, Victor Adesola Makanjuola
INTRODUCTION: Bipolar disorder (BD) remains both a clinical and public health challenge worldwide, especially in developing countries such as Nigeria. Many studies have focused on prevalence and recurrences among BD service seekers but little has been documented on the nature, strength, direction, existence, and estimation of association between times to recurrence of the two possible polarities or mood episodes in BD. In this study, we explored the association between durations before recurrence of depression and manic episodes among people seeking treatment for BD...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768314/low-dose-naltrexone-treatment-of-familial-benign-pemphigus-hailey-hailey-disease
#10
Omer Ibrahim, Sara R Hogan, Alok Vij, Anthony P Fernandez
Importance: Familial benign pemphigus, or Hailey-Hailey disease (HHD), is a rare and debilitating genetic dermatosis characterized by chronic, recurrent vesicles, erosions, and maceration in flexural areas. Despite the reported therapeutic modalities, such as topical and systemic corticosteroids, systemic immunomodulators, topical and systemic retinoids, and laser, HHD can still be markedly difficult to control. Objective: To assess low-dose naltrexone hydrochloride in the treatment of recalcitrant HHD...
August 2, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759845/a-comprehensive-model-of-predictors-of-persistence-and-recurrence-in-adults-with-major-depression-results-from-a-national-3-year-prospective-study
#11
Nicolas Hoertel, Carlos Blanco, Maria A Oquendo, Melanie M Wall, Mark Olfson, Bruno Falissard, Silvia Franco, Hugo Peyre, Cédric Lemogne, Frédéric Limosin
Identifying predictors of persistence and recurrence of depression in individuals with a major depressive episode (MDE) poses a critical challenge for clinicians and researchers. We develop using a nationally representative sample, the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC; N = 34,653), a comprehensive model of the 3-year risk of persistence and recurrence in individuals with MDE at baseline. We used structural equation modeling to examine simultaneously the effects of four broad groups of clinical factors on the risk of MDE persistence and recurrence: 1) severity of depressive illness, 2) severity of mental and physical comorbidity, 3) sociodemographic characteristics and 4) treatment-seeking behavior...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758378/fear-of-cancer-recurrence-and-its-predictors-among-cervical-cancer-survivors
#12
Jitti Hanprasertpong, Alan Geater, Ingporn Jiamset, Laaong Padungkul, Phongchawee Hirunkajonpan, Nartya Songhong
OBJECTIVE: To identify the characteristics of fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) in cervical cancer survivors (CCSs) and investigate the relationship of FCR with demographic and medical characteristics, level of quality of life (QOL), and psychological distress. We also aimed to determine the predictors of FCR. METHODS: The short version of the Fear of Progression Questionnaire (FoP-Q-SF), the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Cervical (FACT-Cx) questionnaire were administered to 699 CCSs who had complete treatment at Songklanagarind Hospital between 2006 and 2016...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757901/teacher-competence-in-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-for-depression-and-its-relation-to-treatment-outcome
#13
Marloes J Huijbers, Rebecca S Crane, Willem Kuyken, Lot Heijke, Ingrid van den Hout, A Rogier T Donders, Anne E M Speckens
As mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) becomes an increasingly mainstream approach for recurrent depression, there is a growing need for practitioners who are able to teach MBCT. The requirements for being competent as a mindfulness-based teacher include personal meditation practice and at least a year of additional professional training. This study is the first to investigate the relationship between MBCT teacher competence and several key dimensions of MBCT treatment outcomes. Patients with recurrent depression in remission (N = 241) participated in a multi-centre trial of MBCT, provided by 15 teachers...
2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756716/impact-of-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-on-health-related-quality-of-life-before-and-after-liver-transplantation-a-multidisciplinary-point-of-view
#14
Lucia Golfieri, Stefano Gitto, Maria Cristina Morelli, Antonio Daniele Pinna, Silvana Grandi, Pietro Andreone
Hepatitis C negatively changes patient quality of life even in the absence of advanced liver disease. The specific patterns of quality of life of hepatitis C positive patients waiting for transplant or after surgery are not widely studied. Areas covered: A significant percentage of infected patients show cognitive impairment, fatigue, and/or a 'brain fog', that cannot be explained by the liver disease. Depression can be diagnosed in one third of hepatitis C positive patients. Conflicting data are available regarding the possible role of Model for End-Stage Liver Disease score as predictor of impaired quality of life...
August 2017: Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755066/two-sides-of-the-same-coin-pediatric-onset-and-adult-onset-common-variable-immune-deficiency
#15
Lauren A Sanchez, Solrun Melkorka Maggadottir, Matthew S Pantell, Patricia Lugar, Charlotte Cunningham Rundles, Kathleen E Sullivan
PURPOSE: Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is a complex, heterogeneous immunodeficiency characterized by hypogammaglobulinemia, recurrent infections, and poor antibody response to vaccination. While antibiotics and immunoglobulin prophylaxis have significantly reduced infectious complications, non-infectious complications of autoimmunity, inflammatory lung disease, enteropathy, and malignancy remain of great concern. Previous studies have suggested that CVID patients diagnosed in childhood are more severely affected by these complications than adults diagnosed later in life...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751637/sugar-intake-from-sweet-food-and-beverages-common-mental-disorder-and-depression-prospective-findings-from-the-whitehall-ii-study
#16
Anika Knüppel, Martin J Shipley, Clare H Llewellyn, Eric J Brunner
Intake of sweet food, beverages and added sugars has been linked with depressive symptoms in several populations. Aim of this study was to investigate systematically cross-sectional and prospective associations between sweet food/beverage intake, common mental disorder (CMD) and depression and to examine the role of reverse causation (influence of mood on intake) as potential explanation for the observed linkage. We analysed repeated measures (23,245 person-observations) from the Whitehall II study using random effects regression...
July 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745682/-risk-factors-and-prevention-of-recurrent-dynamics-of-depression
#17
D Yu Veltishchev, O B Kovalevskaya, O F Seravina
The existing literature in the field demonstrates that in the majority of cases depressive disorder has a recurrent course that resulted in negative consequences: an increase in a number of chronic and marked episodes, a higher risk of suicide and stable cognitive deficit. An analysis of predictors promoting the formation of recurrent depressive disorder allows an identification of a constellation of biological, psychological, therapeutic, social factors which should be taken into account in the choice of methods of prevention of the next episode of depression...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738351/major-depression-as-a-neuroprogressive-prelude-to-dementia-what-is-the-evidence
#18
Brian E Leonard
Epidemiological studies implicate chronic depression as a predisposing factor for dementia in later life. However, the link is incompletely understood and controversial. The aim of this review is to consider some of the biological factors that contribute to neuroprogressive brain dysfunction in late life as a consequence of prolonged, low-grade inflammation in the course of depressive episodes. As chronic inflammation is known to precipitate increased apoptosis of neurons and astrocytes, this could be a contributing factor to brain dysfunction...
2017: Modern Trends in Pharmacopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738332/neuroprogression-and-immune-activation-in-major-depressive-disorder
#19
Jeffrey H Meyer
Traditionally, the neurobiology of major depressive disorder (MDD) has been largely considered from the perspective of the state of major depressive episodes (MDE) versus being in remission, but the current accumulation of disease markers, largely acquired cross-sectionally, is strongly suggestive of neuroprogressive aspects of MDD. This chapter focuses on the changes in disease markers involved in the reorganization of the nervous system in MDD, including the translocator protein (TSPO; an index of microglial activation), glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP; an index of astroglial activation), [11C]harmine (a marker of monoamine oxidase A; MAO-A), and several other indices (metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 [mGluR5], excitatory amino acid transporters, and magnetic resonance imaging spectroscopy measurements) of glutamate dysregulation...
2017: Modern Trends in Pharmacopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738296/mental-distress-quality-of-life-and-social-support-in-recurrent-ovarian-cancer-patients-during-active-chemotherapy
#20
Qiang Wen, Zhuyan Shao, Ping Zhang, Tao Zhu, Dan Li, Shihua Wang
BACKGROUND: Anxiety and depression are common sources of mental distress experienced by ovarian cancer patients. The purpose of this study was to identify changes in levels of mental distress during active chemotherapy, to characterize the impact of these changes on quality of life (QOL), and to study the potential buffering effect of social support in recurrent ovarian cancer patients. METHODS: Anxiety and depression were assessed at baseline and three months after initiation of active chemotherapy using hospital anxiety and depression scale (HADS)...
July 6, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
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