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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548190/-clinical-features-of-major-depressive-disorders-treated-in-secondary-health-care-facilities-in-chile
#1
Lilian Salvo, Sandra Saldivia, Carlos Parra, Román Rodríguez, Manuel Cifuentes, Paola Acevedo, Marcela Díaz, Mitza Ormazabal, Ivonne Guerra, Nicol Navarrete, Verónica Bravo, Andrea Castro
BACKGROUND: Depression is considered the second leading cause of disability worldwide. AIM: To describe the clinical characteristics and the evolution of major depressive disorder (MDD) in secondary care. To evaluate the association between socio-demographic and clinic variables with the first or recurrent major depressive events (MDE). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Clinical features, treatment, remission and duration of MDE were evaluated during a follow up lasting 12 months in 112 participants aged 44 ± 15 years (79% women)...
March 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544568/depression-risk-in-young-adults-with-childhood-and-adult-onset-lupus-12-years-of-follow-up
#2
Andrea M Knight, Laura Trupin, Patricia Katz, Edward Yelin, Erica F Lawson
OBJECTIVE: To compare major depression risk among young adults with childhood-onset and adult-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and to determine demographic and health-related predictors of depression. METHODS: Young adults with SLE ages 18-45 years (n=546) in the Lupus Outcomes Study completed annual telephone surveys from 2002-2015, including assessment of depression using the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), and self-report measures of sociodemographics and health characteristics...
May 23, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544085/e-tc-development-and-pilot-testing-of-a-web-based-intervention-to-reduce-anxiety-and-depression-in-survivors-of-testicular-cancer
#3
L E Heiniger, A B Smith, I Olver, P Grimison, B Klein, A Wootten, J-A M Abbott, M A Price, M McJannett, B Tran, M R Stockler, H Gurney, P N Butow
e-TC is an online intervention designed to address common psychosocial concerns of testicular cancer survivors. It aims to reduce anxiety, depression and fear of cancer recurrence by providing evidence-based information and psychological intervention. This paper details the development and pilot testing of e-TC. During pilot testing, 25 men (with varying psychological profiles) who had completed treatment for testicular cancer, 6 months to 5 years ago (which had not recurred), used e-TC over a 10-week period and provided quantitative and qualitative feedback on the feasibility and acceptability of the programme...
May 22, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542256/maternal-depression-and-anxiety-disorders-mdad-and-child-development-a-manitoba-population-based-study
#4
Brenda Comaskey, Noralou P Roos, Marni Brownell, Murray W Enns, Dan Chateau, Chelsea A Ruth, Okechukwu Ekuma
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between maternal depression and anxiety disorders (MDAD) and child development assessed during the kindergarten year. METHODS: Administrative data from several health and social databases in Manitoba, Canada, were used to study 18,331 mother-child pairs. MDAD over the period from one year prior to the child's birth to the kindergarten year was defined using physician diagnoses and filled prescriptions. Child development was assessed during the kindergarten year using the Early Development Instrument (EDI) which measures vulnerability across five domains of development...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541239/psychological-parameters-of-psoriasis
#5
A Kouris, E Platsidaki, C Kouskoukis, C Christodoulou
Psoriasis is a chronic, inflammatory scaling dermatosis. The marked visible appearance of the lesions have a negative impact on body image that leads to decreased self-esteem, hence seriously compromising the patient's quality of life. The clinical picture critically affects the social well-being of the patient since the disease is commonly misunderstood and feared by the social environment as being contagious. The patient feels stigmatized and this further intensifies their lack of self-confidence and self-esteem...
January 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539946/does-type-d-personality-impact-on-the-prognosis-of-patients-who-underwent-catheter-ablation-for-atrial-fibrillation-a-1-year-follow-up-study
#6
Sang Won Jeon, Hong Euy Lim, Seoyoung Yoon, Kyoung Se Na, Young-Hoon Ko, Sook-Haeng Joe, Young-Hoon Kim
OBJECTIVE: Although Type D personality has been associated with the prognosis of various cardiac diseases, few studies have investigated the influence of Type D personality on the cardiac and psychiatric prognoses of patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS: Depression, anxiety, and quality of life were measured at baseline and 6 months. The recurrence of AF was measured during 1-year following radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) for AF. The Kaplan-Meier method with log-rank tests were used to compare the cumulative recurrence of AF...
May 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537498/a-single-center-survey-of-health-related-quality-of-life-among-acute-myeloid-leukemia-survivors-in-first-complete-remission
#7
M Jennifer Cheng, B Douglas Smith, Christopher S Hourigan, Ivana Gojo, Keith W Pratz, Amanda L Blackford, Ambereen K Mehta, Thomas J Smith
BACKGROUND: Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is one of the most common types of leukemia in adults, but there is limited information on survivors' quality of life (QOL) after remission. OBJECTIVE: We piloted a survey exploring patient-reported outcomes for people with AML in first complete remission (CR1) to determine whether patients felt the survey is relevant to their well-being and to summarize patient characteristics. DESIGN/MEASUREMENTS: Cross-sectional survey of a convenience sample of AML patients in CR1 assessing QOL and functioning (European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer [EORTC] QLQ-C30 v 3...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537123/stigma-experienced-by-caregivers-of-patients-with-severe-mental-disorders-a-nationwide-multicentric-study
#8
Sandeep Grover, Ajit Avasthi, Aakanksha Singh, Amitava Dan, Rajarishi Neogi, Darpan Kaur, Bhavesh Lakdawala, Abhijit R Rozatkar, Naresh Nebhinani, Suravi Patra, Priya Sivashankar, Alka A Subramanyam, Adarsh Tripathi, Ab Majid Gania, Gurvinder Pal Singh, Prakash Behere
BACKGROUND: Stigma is very common among caregivers of patients with severe mental disorder; however, there is lack of national level data from India. AIM: To assess affiliate stigma and its correlates among caregivers of patients with severe mental disorders. METHOD: For this, caregivers of patients with schizophrenia ( N = 707), bipolar disorder ( N = 344) and recurrent depressive disorder ( N = 352) were assessed on Stigma scale for Caregivers of People with Mental Illness and General Health Questionnaire...
May 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535241/management-of-depression-in-older-adults-a-review
#9
Rob M Kok, Charles F Reynolds
Importance: Depression in older adults is a common psychiatric disorder affecting their health-related quality of life. Major depression occurs in 2% of adults aged 55 years or older, and its prevalence rises with increasing age. In addition, 10% to 15% of older adults have clinically significant depressive symptoms, even in the absence of major depression. Observations: Depression presents with the same symptoms in older adults as it does in younger populations...
May 23, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532510/gender-differences-in-psychiatric-diagnoses-in-older-people-with-intellectual-disability-a-register-study
#10
Anna Axmon, Magnus Sandberg, Gerd Ahlström
BACKGROUND: Gender differences regarding psychiatric ill-health are well known in the general population. However, not much research is done on people with intellectual disability, and especially not among older people with intellectual disability. METHODS: People with intellectual disability aged 55+ years in 2012 in Sweden were identified through a register containing information on those receiving support and service for this type of disability. The cohort comprised 3609 women and 4327 men with mean age 65 and 64 years, respectively...
May 22, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529805/physical-activity-modulates-common-neuroplasticity-substrates-in-major-depressive-and-bipolar-disorder
#11
REVIEW
Cristy Phillips
Mood disorders (MDs) are chronic, recurrent mental diseases that affect millions of individuals worldwide. Although the biogenic amine model has provided some clinical utility, a need remains to better understand the interrelated mechanisms that contribute to neuroplasticity deficits in MDs and the means by which various therapeutics mitigate them. Of those therapeutics being investigated, physical activity (PA) has shown clear and consistent promise. Accordingly, the aims of this review are to (1) explicate key modulators, processes, and interactions that impinge upon multiple susceptibility points to effectuate neuroplasticity deficits in MDs; (2) explore the putative mechanisms by which PA mitigates these features; (3) review protocols used to induce the positive effects of PA in MDs; and (4) highlight implications for clinicians and researchers...
2017: Neural Plasticity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528350/prevalence-and-impact-of-severe-fatigue-in-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-patients-in-comparison-with-population-based-controls
#12
Hanneke Poort, Suzanne E J Kaal, Hans Knoop, Rosemarie Jansen, Judith B Prins, Eveliene Manten-Horst, Petra Servaes, Olga Husson, Winette T A van der Graaf
PURPOSE: The current study determined the prevalence of severe fatigue in adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer patients (aged 18-35 years at diagnosis) consulting a multidisciplinary AYA team in comparison with gender- and age-matched population-based controls. In addition, impact of severe fatigue on quality of life and correlates of fatigue severity were examined. METHODS: AYAs with cancer (n = 83) completed questionnaires including the Checklist Individual Strength (CIS-fatigue), Quality of Life (QoL)-Cancer Survivor, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (reflecting psychological distress), and the Cancer Worry Scale (reflecting fear of cancer recurrence or progression)...
May 20, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528241/peripheral-zinc-and-neopterin-concentrations-are-associated-with-mood-severity-in-bipolar-disorder-in-a-gender-specific-manner
#13
Caitlin E Millett, Dahlia Mukherjee, Aubrey Reider, Adem Can, Maureen Groer, Dietmar Fuchs, Teodor T Postolache, Shannon L Kelleher, Erika F H Saunders
Bipolar disorder (BD) is a recurrent, episodic mood disorder for which there are no current diagnostic, prognostic or theranostic biomarkers. Two peripheral markers of the acute phase immune response, zinc and neopterin, are consistently associated with severity of depression in literature. Given gender differences in clinical presentation of BD and in inflammatory processes, we aimed to explore the interaction between gender and immune biomarkers to predict mood severity in BD. Participants with DSM IV BD I and II were recruited through the Pennsylvania Psychiatric Institute during an acute mood episode...
May 17, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527642/depressive-symptoms-and-perceptions-of-ed-care-in-patients-evaluated-for-acute-coronary-syndrome
#14
Tara St Onge, Donald Edmondson, Emily Cea, Syed Husain, Bernard P Chang
INTRODUCTION: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) develops in 1 out of 8 survivors of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) events, and these persons have a doubling of risk for recurrent ACS and mortality. Overcrowding in the emergency department during ACS evaluation has been associated with increased risk for PTSD, and depressed patients have been found to be particularly vulnerable. Little is known about the mechanisms by which overcrowding increases PTSD risk in depressed patients. Our aim was to evaluate one possible mechanism, patient perception of crowding and care, in depressed and nondepressed ED patients evaluated for ACS...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525825/what-is-to-blame-for-postnatal-pelvic-floor-dysfunction-in-primiparous-women-pre-pregnancy-or-intrapartum-risk-factors
#15
Constantin M Durnea, Ali S Khashan, Louise C Kenny, Uliana A Durnea, James C Dornan, Suzanne M O'Sullivan, Barry A O'Reilly
BACKGROUND: The aetiology of pelvic floor dysfunction (PFD) is still poorly understood. However childbearing is recognized as a major risk factor. OBJECTIVES: To elucidate the natural history of PFD by investigating the impact of the mode of delivery on postnatal pelvic floor dysfunction in primiparas, when PFD existing before the first pregnancy is taken into consideration. STUDY DESIGN: 4P-study (Prevalence and Predictors of Pelvic floor dysfunction in Primips) is a prospective cohort study, nested within the Screening for Pregnancy Endpoints (SCOPE) study set in a tertiary referral teaching hospital with 9000 deliveries annually...
April 23, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525796/beneficial-effects-of-training-in-self-distancing-and-perspective-broadening-for-people-with-a-history-of-recurrent-depression
#16
Emma Travers-Hill, Barnaby D Dunn, Laura Hoppitt, Caitlin Hitchcock, Tim Dalgleish
Cognitive training designed to recalibrate maladaptive aspects of cognitive-affective processing associated with the presence of emotional disorder can deliver clinical benefits. This study examined the ability of an integrated training in self-distancing and perspective broadening (SD-PB) with respect to distressing experiences to deliver such benefits in individuals with a history of recurrent depression (≥3 prior episodes), currently in remission. Relative to an overcoming avoidance (OA) control condition, SD-PB: a) reduced distress to upsetting memories and to newly encountered events, both during training when explicitly instructed to apply SD-PB techniques, and after-training in the absence of explicit instructions; b) enhanced capacity to self-distance from and broaden perspectives on participants' experiences; c) reduced residual symptoms of depression...
May 11, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525636/movement-does-not-promote-recovery-of-motor-output-following-acute-experimental-muscle-pain
#17
Siobhan M Schabrun, Thorvaldur S Palsson, Tribikram Thapa, Thomas Graven-Nielsen
Objective.:  To examine the effect of motor activity on the magnitude and duration of altered corticomotor output following experimental muscle pain. Design. : Experimental, pre-post test. Setting. : University laboratory. Subjects. : Twenty healthy individuals. Methods.:  Participants were randomly allocated to a Rest or Movement group. The Rest group sat quietly without moving for the duration of the experiment...
May 19, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525464/the-cardiac-rehabilitation-model-improves-fitness-quality-of-life-and-depression-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#18
Lianne B Dolan, Danielle Barry, Teresa Petrella, Lindsay Davey, Ann Minnes, Allison Yantzi, Susan Marzolini, Paul Oh
PURPOSE: Exercise is a demonstrated, therapeutic strategy for cancer survivors to minimize many treatment-induced side effects and may decrease risk of recurrence. Nonetheless, structured programs that combine exercise and education are not yet standardized within cancer care. The Health, Exercise, Active Living, Therapeutic lifestyle (HEALTh) program is a clinical exercise program based on the established cardiac rehabilitation model, but customized for female breast cancer survivors...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521751/an-integrated-intervention-to-reduce-intimate-partner-violence-and-psychological-distress-with-refugees-in-low-resource-settings-study-protocol-for-the-nguvu-cluster-randomized-trial
#19
Wietse A Tol, M Claire Greene, Samuel Likindikoki, Lusia Misinzo, Peter Ventevogel, Ann G Bonz, Judith K Bass, Jessie K K Mbwambo
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a critical public health and human rights concern globally, including for refugee women in low-resource settings. Little is known about effective interventions for this population. IPV and psychological distress have a bi-directional relationship, indicating the potential benefit of a structured psychological component as part of efforts to reduce IPV for women currently in violent relationships. METHODS: This protocol describes a cluster randomized controlled trial aimed at evaluating an 8-session integrated psychological and advocacy intervention (Nguvu) with female adult survivors of past-year IPV displaying moderate to severe psychological distress...
May 18, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511605/-it-was-all-intertwined-illness-representations-and-self-management-in-patients-with-cancer-and-anxiety-depression
#20
Emma M Richardson, Jennifer L Scott, Natalie Schüz, Kristy Sanderson, Benjamin Schüz
OBJECTIVE: Cancer and anxiety/depression frequently co-occur, leading to poorer outcomes for these illnesses. However, the majority of existing research investigates how participants view single illnesses alone. This study aimed to explore the content of individuals' multimorbid representations and how these relate to their coping behaviours and self-management strategies for cancer and anxiety/depression. DESIGN: A semi-structured qualitative research design with theoretical thematic analysis...
May 17, 2017: Psychology & Health
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