keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

stressful life events

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813291/an-ecological-model-of-mediators-of-change-in-couple-relationship-education
#1
REVIEW
W Kim Halford, Christopher A Pepping
Couple Relationship Education (RE) seeks to enrich couples' relationships, and assist them to manage stressful life events [1]. In the current paper we present an ecological model of couple relationships intended to guide the practice of RE, analyze the mediators of RE effects, and suggest future research needs to assess moderators and mediators of RE effects in order to enhance the impact of RE.
February 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811499/the-role-of-dermcidin-isoform-2-in-the-occurrence-and-severity-of-diabetes
#2
Suman Bhattacharya, Md Mobidullah Khan, Chandradipa Ghosh, Sarbashri Bank, Smarajit Maiti
Diabetes is now epidemic worldwide. Several hundred-million peoples are presently suffering from this disease with other secondary-disorders. Stress, hypertension, sedentary life-style, carbohydrate/lipid metabolic-disorders due to genetic or environmental factors attributes to type-1 and/or type-2 diabetes. Present investigation demonstrates that stress-induced protein dermcidin isoform-2 (DCN-2) which appears in the serum of diabetic-patients play a key-role in this disease pathogenesis/severity. DCN-2 suppresses insulin production-release from liver/pancreas...
August 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810846/personality-traits-and-suicide-attempts-with-and-without-psychiatric-disorders-analysis-of-impulsivity-and-neuroticism
#3
Bo Bi, Wei Liu, Die Zhou, Xu Fu, Xiaoxia Qin, Jiali Wu
BACKGROUND: There is a critical need for empirical data concerning the association of personality traits and attempted suicide with and without psychiatric disorders in mainland China. The objective of the present study is to provide such data by determining the prevalence of psychiatric disorders and analyzing the levels of impulsivity and neuroticism among people who have attempted suicide, and to examine the association between these personality traits and suicide attempt in people with or without psychiatric disorders...
August 15, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809935/effectiveness-of-a-brief-behavioural-intervention-on-psychological-distress-among-women-with-a-history-of-gender-based-violence-in-urban-kenya-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#4
Richard A Bryant, Alison Schafer, Katie S Dawson, Dorothy Anjuri, Caroline Mulili, Lincoln Ndogoni, Phiona Koyiet, Marit Sijbrandij, Jeannette Ulate, Melissa Harper Shehadeh, Dusan Hadzi-Pavlovic, Mark van Ommeren
BACKGROUND: Gender-based violence (GBV) represents a major cause of psychological morbidity worldwide, and particularly in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Although there are effective treatments for common mental disorders associated with GBV, they typically require lengthy treatment programs that may limit scaling up in LMICs. The aim of this study was to test the effectiveness of a new 5-session behavioural treatment called Problem Management Plus (PM+) that lay community workers can be taught to deliver...
August 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807133/the-tense-the-hostile-and-the-distressed-multidimensional-psychosocial-risk-profiles-based-on-the-esc-interview-in-coronary-artery-disease-patients-the-thoresci-study
#5
Eveline van Montfort, Johan Denollet, Jeroen K Vermunt, Jos Widdershoven, Nina Kupper
BACKGROUND: While single psychosocial factors have been associated with cardiovascular outcomes, it is still unclear how they cluster. Therefore, we examined whether latent multidimensional psychosocial risk profiles could be identified in the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) psychosocial screening interview. Additionally we examined whether these profiles were associated with specific sociodemographic, clinical, and psychosocial characteristics. METHOD: 681 coronary artery disease patients (age=64...
July 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806305/dimensions-of-posttraumatic-growth-in-patients-with-cancer-a-mixed-method-study
#6
Mehdi Heidarzadeh, Maryam Rassouli, Jeannine M Brant, Farahnaz Mohammadi-Shahbolaghi, Hamid Alavi-Majd
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic growth (PTG) refers to positive outcomes after exposure to stressful events. Previous studies suggest cross-cultural differences in the nature and amount of PTG. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore different dimensions of PTG in Iranian patients with cancer. METHODS: A mixed method study with convergent parallel design was applied to clarify and determine dimensions of PTG. Using the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI), confirmatory factor analysis was used to quantitatively identify dimensions of PTG in 402 patients with cancer...
August 12, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805719/factors-affecting-depressive-symptoms-among-north-korean-adolescent-refugees-residing-in-south-korea
#7
Subin Park, Minji Lee, Jin Yong Jeon
We examined factors affecting the depressive symptoms and the relationship between depression and quality of life among 131 North Korean adolescent refugees aged 12-24 years. We compared sociodemographic, social, and individual characteristics and perceived the quality of life between participants with and without depression. Thirty-seven refugees (28.2%) had clinically significant depressive symptoms. The refugees with depression were younger (t = 2.67; p = 0.009), more likely to be male (χ² = 6.98; p = 0...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804509/lifetime-stress-exposure-and-health-a-review-of-contemporary-assessment-methods-and-biological-mechanisms
#8
Grant S Shields, George M Slavich
Life stress is a central construct in health research because it is associated with increased risk for a variety of serious mental and physical health problems, including anxiety disorders, depression, cardiovascular disease, autoimmune disorders, Alzheimer's disease, certain cancers, and other diseases of aging. In this review, we examine how lifetime stress exposure contributes to elevated disease risk, and explore ongoing measurement and scientific issues related to this topic. To accomplish these goals, we first review existing instruments that have been developed for assessing perceived stress, self-reported life events, interviewer-assessed life stressors, and lifetime stress exposure...
August 2017: Social and Personality Psychology Compass
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803947/monitoring-stress-with-a-wrist-device-using-context
#9
Martin Gjoreski, Mitja Luštrek, Matjaž Gams, Hristijan Gjoreski
Being able to detect stress as it occurs can greatly contribute to dealing with its negative health and economic consequences. However, detecting stress in real life with an unobtrusive wrist device is a challenging task. The objective of this study is to develop a method for stress detection that can accurately, continuously and unobtrusively monitor psychological stress in real life. First, we explore the problem of stress detection using machine learning and signal processing techniques in laboratory conditions, and then we apply the extracted laboratory knowledge to real-life data...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801396/the-sims-trial-adjustable-anchored-single-incision-mini-slings-versus-standard-tension-free-midurethral-slings-in-the-surgical-management-of-female-stress-urinary-incontinence-a-study-protocol-for-a-pragmatic-multicentre-non-inferiority-randomised-controlled
#10
Mohamed Abdel-Fattah, Graeme MacLennan, Mary Kilonzo, R Phil Assassa, Kirsty McCormick, Tracey Davidson, Alison McDonald, James N'Dow, Judith Wardle, John Norrie
INTRODUCTION: Single-incision mini-slings (SIMS) represent the third generation of midurethral slings. They have been developed with the aim of offering a true ambulatory procedure for treatment of female stress urinary incontinence (SUI) with reduced morbidity and earlier recovery while maintaining similar efficacy to standard midurethral slings (SMUS). The aim of this study is to determine the clinical and cost-effectiveness of adjustable anchored SIMS compared with tension-free SMUS in the surgical management of female SUI, with 3-year follow-up...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801196/prenatal-fine-particulate-exposure-and-early-childhood-asthma-effect-of-maternal-stress-and-fetal-gender
#11
Alison Lee, Hsiao-Hsien Leon Hsu, Yueh-Hsiu Mathilda Chiu, Sonali Bose, Maria José Rosa, Itai Kloog, Ander Wilson, Joel Schwartz, Sheldon Cohen, Brent A Coull, Robert O Wright, Rosalind J Wright
BACKGROUND: The impact of prenatal ambient air pollution on child asthma may be modified by maternal stress, child sex and exposure dose and timing. OBJECTIVE: We prospectively examined associations between co-exposure to prenatal particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter of less than 2.5 microns (PM2.5) and maternal stress on childhood asthma (n=736). METHODS: Daily PM2.5 exposure during pregnancy was estimated using a validated satellite-based spatio-temporally resolved prediction model...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800511/the-serotonin-transporter-promoter-variant-5-httlpr-and-childhood-adversity-are-associated-with-the-personality-trait-openness-to-experience
#12
Md Shafiqur Rahman, Peter Guban, Mei Wang, Philippe A Melas, Yvonne Forsell, Catharina Lavebratt
There is evidence supporting an association between the serotonin-transporter-linked polymorphic region (5-HTTLPR) and the Five Factor Model (FFM) of human personality. 5-HTTLPR has also been found to interact with stressful life events to increase risk of psychopathology. In the present study, by taking into account stressful life events in the form of childhood adversity, we examined the association between 5-HTTLPR and FFM traits using an adult Swedish cohort (N = 3112). We found that 5-HTTLPR was significantly associated with openness (to experience)...
July 31, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798989/perceived-postoperative-support-differentiates-responders-from-non-responders-3%C3%A2-years-after-laparoscopic-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#13
Ulrike B J M Ter Braak, Chris Hinnen, Marjolein M C de Jong, Arnold van de Laar
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery is an effective intervention for the majority of patients with morbid obesity, but a significant minority fails to achieve substantial weight loss. In the search of possible predictors of weight loss following bariatric surgery, preoperative factors turn out to have limited predictive power. This study will examine the impact of two postoperative factors on weight loss: perceived social support and stressful life events. METHODS: From the entire 2013 cohort that underwent laparoscopic Roux-and-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) in a general hospital in the Netherlands, a group of 56 non-responders and a matched group of 56 responders were selected, using an alterable weight loss (%AWL)-based percentile chart...
August 11, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797691/antidepressant-like-activity-of-venlafaxine-and-clonidine-in-mice-exposed-to-single-prolonged-stress-a-model-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-pharmacodynamic-and-molecular-docking-studies
#14
Natalia Malikowska, Łukasz Fijałkowski, Alicja Nowaczyk, Piotr Popik, Kinga Sałat
BACKGROUND: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a growing issue worldwide characterized by stress and anxiety in response to re-experiencing traumatic events which strongly impair patient's quality of life and social functions. Available antidepressant and anxiolytic drugs are not efficacious in the majority of treated individuals. This necessitates a significant medical demand to develop novel therapeutic strategies for PTSD. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Animal model of PTSD was induced using a mouse single prolonged stress protocol (mSPS)...
August 7, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797262/when-a-parent-dies-a-systematic-review-of-the-effects-of-support-programs-for-parentally-bereaved-children-and-their-caregivers
#15
Ann-Sofie Bergman, Ulf Axberg, Elizabeth Hanson
BACKGROUND: The death of a parent is a highly stressful life event for bereaved children. Several studies have shown an increased risk of mental ill-health and psychosocial problems among affected children. The aims of this study were to systematically review studies about effective support interventions for parentally bereaved children and to identify gaps in the research. METHODS: The review's inclusion criteria were comparative studies with samples of parentally bereaved children...
August 10, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793950/multidimensional-psychological-stress-during-pregnancies-in-women-who-conceived-via-in-vitro-fertilization
#16
Eleanor L Stevenson, Susan Silva
PURPOSE: To explore relationships among the 3 psychological dimensions of stress, stimulus/environmental, perceptual, and emotional response, and then to develop a multidimensional composite measure of overall stress, and to determine demographic and clinical characteristics associated with stress in women who became pregnant via in vitro fertilization (IVF). METHODS: Cross-sectional design using self-report questionnaires during the second trimester. Multidimensional stress was assessed with the Prenatal Life Events Scale, Life Event Distress Scale, Perceived Stress Scale, State-Trait Anxiety Index-State, and the Pregnancy-Related Anxiety Measure...
August 1, 2017: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791889/symbiotic-origin-of-aging
#17
Edward Greenberg, Sergei Vatolin
Normally aging cells are characterized by an unbalanced mitochondrial dynamic skewed toward punctate mitochondria. Genetic and pharmacological manipulation of mitochondrial fission/fusion cycles can contribute to both accelerated and decelerated cellular or organismal aging. In this work, we connect these experimental data with the symbiotic theory of mitochondrial origin to generate new insight into the evolutionary origin of aging. Mitochondria originated from autotrophic α-proteobacteria during an ancient endosymbiotic event early in eukaryote evolution...
August 9, 2017: Rejuvenation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790932/the-effects-of-weaning-methods-on-gut-microbiota-composition-and-horse-physiology
#18
Núria Mach, Aline Foury, Sandra Kittelmann, Fabrice Reigner, Marco Moroldo, Maria Ballester, Diane Esquerré, Julie Rivière, Guillaume Sallé, Philippe Gérard, Marie-Pierre Moisan, Léa Lansade
Weaning has been described as one of the most stressful events in the life of horses. Given the importance of the interaction between the gut-brain axis and gut microbiota under stress, we evaluated (i) the effect of two different weaning methods on the composition of gut microbiota across time and (ii) how the shifts of gut microbiota composition after weaning affect the host. A total of 34 foals were randomly subjected to a progressive (P) or an abrupt (A) weaning method. In the P method, mares were separated from foals at progressively increasing intervals every day, starting from five min during the fourth week prior to weaning and ending with 6 h during the last week before weaning...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789792/change-in-%C3%AE-2-agonist-use-after-severe-life-events-in-adults-with-asthma-a-population-based-cohort-study-life-events-and-bronchodilator-usage-among-adults-with-asthma
#19
Raija Lietzén, Pekka Virtanen, Mika Kivimäki, Jyrki Korkeila, Sakari Suominen, Lauri Sillanmäki, Markku Koskenvuo, Jussi Vahtera
OBJECTIVE: This prospective, population-based cohort study of 1102 Finnish adults with asthma, examined whether exposure to stressful life events is associated with the intensity of usage of inhaled short-acting β2-agonists. METHODS: Survey data was collected by two postal questionnaires. Baseline characteristics were obtained in 1998 and data on 19 specific stressful events (e.g. death of a child or spouse or divorce) within the six preceding months in 2003. Exposure to life events was indicated by a sum score weighted by mean severity of the events...
September 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780256/perinatal-depression-adverse-life-events-and-hypothalamic-adrenal-pituitary-axis-response-to-cold-pressor-stress-in-latinas-an-exploratory-study
#20
Sandraluz Lara-Cinisomo, Karen M Grewen, Susan S Girdler, Jayme Wood, Samantha Meltzer-Brody
BACKGROUND: Latinas are disproportionately affected by perinatal depression (PND) as well as by adverse life events (ALEs), an independent predictor of PND. Dysregulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis has been seen both in women with PND and with a history of ALEs in non-Latinas. Although some evidence suggests that HPA axis dysregulation may mediate the link between ALEs and PND, this hypothesis has received little attention and there are no studies that have examined these pathways in Latinas...
August 2, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
keyword
keyword
20602
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"