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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923182/sociodemographic-lifestyle-and-psychosocial-determinants-of-hair-cortisol-in-a-south-london-community-sample
#1
Susanne Fischer, Roman Duncko, Stephani L Hatch, Andrew Papadopoulos, Laura Goodwin, Souci Frissa, Matthew Hotopf, Anthony J Cleare
OBJECTIVE: Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) measures are crucial for research into stress and stress-related disorders. Most HPA measures fluctuate depending on diurnal rhythms and state confounders. Hair cortisol concentrations (HCC) are less susceptible to such fluctuations, but less is known about trait-like confounders. Using a community sample, we tested the relationship between HCC and a range of variables including demographic variables, hair treatment, and medication, as well as psychosocial variables, namely childhood trauma, critical life events, and depressive symptoms...
November 17, 2016: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920736/protective-effect-of-self-compassion-to-emotional-response-among-students-with-chronic-academic-stress
#2
Yonghong Zhang, Xi Luo, Xianwei Che, Wenjie Duan
The literature has shown that self-compassion is a protective factor of an individual's emotional response to chronic stress. However, this stress-buffering effect has not been completely analyzed in individuals who report significantly high academic stress. The present study explored the role of self-compassion in a group of undergraduate students who experience chronic academic stress. A total of 208 undergraduate students who were preparing for the Postgraduate Entrance Examination (PEE) were recruited and completed the Self-Compassion Scale, Adolescent Self-Rating Life Event Check List, and Positive and Negative Affect Schedule...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920734/role-of-stressful-life-events-avoidant-coping-styles-and-neuroticism-in-online-game-addiction-among-college-students-a-moderated-mediation-model
#3
Huanhuan Li, Yingmin Zou, Jiaqi Wang, Xuelin Yang
Online game addiction (OGA) is becoming a significant problem worldwide. The aim of this study was to explore the incidence of OGA and the roles of stressful life events, avoidant coping styles (ACSs), and neuroticism in OGA. A total of 651 Chinese college students were selected by random cluster sampling. Subjects completed the Chinese version of Young's eight-item Internet Addiction Scale (CIAS), Online Game Cognition Addiction Scale (OGCAS), Revised Eysenck Personality Questionnaire Short Scale in Chinese (EPQ-RSC), Chinese College-student Stress Questionnaire, and Coping Style Questionnaire...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919307/patterns-and-correlates-of-major-depression-in-chinese-adults-a-cross-sectional-study-of-0-5-million-men-and-women
#4
Y Chen, D Bennett, R Clarke, Y Guo, C Yu, Z Bian, L Ma, Y Huang, Q Sun, N Zhang, X Zheng, J Chen, R Peto, K S Kendler, L Li, Z Chen
BACKGROUND: Worldwide 350 million people suffer from major depression, with the majority of cases occurring in low- and middle-income countries. We examined the patterns, correlates and care-seeking behaviour of adults suffering from major depressive episode (MDE) in China. METHOD: A nationwide study recruited 512 891 adults aged 30-79 years from 10 provinces across China during 2004-2008. The 12-month prevalence of MDE was assessed by the Modified Composite International Diagnostic Interview-short form...
December 6, 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917459/predictors-of-stress-generation-in-adolescents-in-mainland-china
#5
Claire J Starrs, John R Z Abela, David C Zuroff, Rhonda Amsel, Josephine H Shih, Shuqiao Yao, Xiong Zhao Zhu, Wei Hong
The current longitudinal study examined whether the personality vulnerabilities of self-criticism and dependency prospectively predicted stress generation in Chinese adolescents. Participants included 1,116 adolescents (588 girls and 528 boys), aged 15 to 18 years from rural, urban and ultra-urban mainland China. Participants completed self-report measures of personality, depressive and anxious symptoms and participated in a clinical interview assessing lifetime history of depression. The occurrence of negative life events was measured using a contextual-threat interview every 6-months for a total period of 18-months...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907846/modelling-life-satisfaction-and-adjustment-to-trauma-in-children-exposed-to-ongoing-military-violence-an-exploratory-study-in-palestine
#6
Guido Veronese, Alessandro Pepe, Alaa Jaradah, Feda Al Muranak, Husam Hamdouna
Exposure to war and ongoing political violence increases mental health risks among children, especially in terms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and depressive or somatic symptoms. However, an exclusive focus on negative functioning can lead to underestimating the coping abilities and natural potential for adjusting to trauma of war-affected children at different developmental phases. Using structural equation modelling, we tested the extent to which data gathered in a predominantly nonclinical sample of Palestinian children (N=1276) living in refugee camps supported a conceptual model in which the relationship between subjective wellbeing and the effects of trauma is mainly top-down in direction...
November 28, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903209/incidence-and-cost-of-stress-ulcer-prophylaxis-after-discharge-from-the-intensive-care-unit-a-retrospective-study
#7
Benedict Tan, Richard Norman, Ed Litton, Chloe Heath, David J Hawkins, Ravi Krishnamurthy, Ravikiran Sonawane, Matthew H Anstey
OBJECTIVE: To describe current patterns in initiation and cessation of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) for stress ulcer prophylaxis (SUP) in intensive care units, and to assess the costs associated with inappropriate (non-evidence-based) SUP. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Retrospective observational study in five ICUs in Western Australia. We assessed the medical records of consecutive patients admitted to the ICUs between September 2013 and January 2015. Patients aged < 18 years were excluded...
December 2016: Critical Care and Resuscitation: Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898075/maternal-high-fat-diet-prevents-developmental-programming-by-early-life-stress
#8
M Rincel, A L Lépinay, P Delage, J Fioramonti, V S Théodorou, S Layé, M Darnaudéry
Anxiety disorders and depression are well-documented in subjects exposed to adverse childhood events. Recently, maternal obesity and/or maternal consumption of high-fat diets (HFD) have been also proposed as risk factors for offspring mental health. Here using an animal model in rats, we explored the combinatorial effects of a maternal HFD (40% of energy from fat without impact on maternal weight; during gestation and lactation) and maternal separation (MS) in offspring. In the prefrontal cortex (PFC) of pups, MS led to changes in the expression of several genes such as Bdnf (brain derived neurotrophic factor), 5HT-r1a (serotonin receptor 1a) and Rest4 (neuron-restrictive silencer element, repressor element 1, silencing transcription factor (Rest), splicing variant 4)...
November 29, 2016: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896270/the-assessment-of-facial-expressions-in-piglets-undergoing-tail-docking-and-castration-toward-the-development-of-the-piglet-grimace-scale
#9
Pierpaolo Di Giminiani, Victoria L M H Brierley, Annalisa Scollo, Flaviana Gottardo, Emma M Malcolm, Sandra A Edwards, Matthew C Leach
Many piglets are exposed to potentially painful husbandry procedures within the first week of life, including tail docking and castration, without the provision of either anesthesia or analgesia. The assessment methods used to evaluate pain experienced by piglets are often affected by low specificity and practical limitations, prompting the investigation of alternative methodologies. The assessment of changes in facial expression following a painful event has been successfully applied to several species. The objective of this pilot study was to evaluate the utility of a Grimace Scale applied to neonatal pigs to evaluate pain evoked by tail docking and castration...
2016: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893234/mindful-parenting-predicts-mothers-and-infants-hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-activity-during-a-dyadic-stressor
#10
Heidemarie K Laurent, Larissa G Duncan, April Lightcap, Faaiza Khan
Mindfulness in the parenting relationship has been proposed to help both parents and children better regulate stress, though this has not yet been shown at the physiological level. In this study, we tested relations between maternal mindfulness in parenting and both mothers' and their infants' hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activity during a dyadic stressor 3 months later. Participants were 73 mother-infant dyads from a larger longitudinal study. At 3 months postpartum, mothers completed self-report measures of general dispositional mindfulness and parenting-specific mindfulness, as well as stressful life events...
November 28, 2016: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893221/substance-use-and-psychological-distress-is-related-with-accommodation-status-among-homeless-immigrants
#11
Miguel Angel Navarro-Lashayas, Francisco Jose Eiroa-Orosa
Immigrant homelessness constitutes a cruel expression of social exclusion. We analyzed the relation of sociodemographic characteristics with stressful life events, substance use and psychological distress, giving a special importance to the influence of the time spent on the streets and the accommodation status of 107 homeless immigrants. To this end, both quantitative and qualitative methodologies were combined. Discussion groups with care resources practitioners and service users, were followed by in depth interviews combined with psychometric questionnaires...
November 28, 2016: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892807/the-effect-of-early-life-stress-on-the-cognitive-phenotype-of-children-with-an-extra-x-chromosome-47-xxy-47-xxx
#12
Sophie van Rijn, Petra Barneveld, Mie-Jef Descheemaeker, Jacques Giltay, Hanna Swaab
Studies on gene-environment interactions suggest that some individuals may be more susceptible to life adversities than others due to their genetic profile. This study assesses whether or not children with an extra X chromosome are more vulnerable to the negative impact of early life stress on cognitive functioning than typically-developing children. A total of 50 children with an extra X chromosome and 103 non-clinical controls aged 9 to 18 years participated in the study. Cognitive functioning in domains of language, social cognition and executive functioning were assessed...
November 28, 2016: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886517/organic-vs-functional-neurological-disorders-the-role-of-childhood-psychological-trauma
#13
Thanos Karatzias, Ruth Howard, Kevin Power, Florentina Socherel, Craig Heath, Alison Livingstone
Although the relationship between psychological trauma and medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) is well established, this relationship is less well understood in people with medically unexplained neurological symptoms. In the present study, we set out to compare people with functional neurological disorders, and organic neurological disorders, in terms of childhood and adulthood traumatic events, traumatic stress, emotional dysregulation and symptoms of depression and anxiety. We have hypothesised that those with functional neurological disorders would be more likely to report childhood and adulthood traumatic life events, traumatic symptomatology, emotional dysregulation and symptoms of anxiety and depression, compared to those with organic neurological disorders...
November 22, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884581/family-stress-in-pediatric-critical-care
#14
Sandra Hagstrom
This mixed methods study explored stress in families whose children were hospitalized in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) for more than one week. The study aim was to describe sources of stress for families whose children require extended hospitalization in the PICU. Data collection included semi-structured interviews and completion of the Family Inventory of Life Events and Family System Stressor Strength Inventory. Themes reported in this paper are separation, not knowing, and the child's illness and distress...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884002/depression-following-acute-coronary-syndrome-time-specific-interactions-between-stressful-life-events-social-support-deficits-and-5-httlpr
#15
Jae-Min Kim, Robert Stewart, Hee-Ju Kang, Kyung-Yeol Bae, Sung-Wan Kim, Il-Seon Shin, Young Joon Hong, Youngkeun Ahn, Myung Ho Jeong, Hyuno Kang, Jin-Sang Yoon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 25, 2016: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880626/psychological-sequelae-of-the-2013-super-typhoon-haiyan-among-survivor-responders
#16
Christian S Chan, Kristen N S Tang, Brian J Hall, Simmy Y T Yip, Melba Maggay
OBJECTIVE: Super Typhoon Haiyan (known as Yolanda in the Philippines), one of the strongest tropical cyclones recorded in history, made landfall in the Philippines in November 2013. This cross-sectional study examined the psychological impact of the typhoon and its aftermath, as well as the impact of individual typhoon-related stressors among a group of survivor-responders. METHOD: A total of 192 Filipino adult survivors who were also disaster-relief responders and 45 unaffected disaster-relief responders (N = 237) completed a questionnaire that assessed their general psychological distress (GPD), symptoms of posttraumatic stress (PTS), and disaster experiences 1...
2016: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875058/antenatal-stressful-life-events-and-postpartum-depressive-symptoms-in-the-united-states-the-role-of-women-s-socioeconomic-status-indices-at-the-state-level
#17
Soumyadeep Mukherjee, Stefany Coxe, Kristopher Fennie, Purnima Madhivanan, Mary Jo Trepka
BACKGROUND: Approximately 10%-20% of women suffer from postpartum depression (PPD), important predictors of which are antenatal stressful life event (SLE) experiences. The association between women's state-level socioeconomic status (SES) and PPD has not been explored. This study aimed to examine whether the association between antenatal SLE and PPD symptoms was moderated by women's state-level SES. METHODS: Data from the 2009-2011 Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) were used...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873558/antenatal-depressive-symptoms-as-a-predictor-of-deterioration-in-perceived-social-support-across-the-perinatal-period-a-four-wave-cohort-study-in-turkey
#18
V Senturk, M Abas, M Dewey, O Berksun, R Stewart
BACKGROUND: In a perinatal cohort of women in urban and rural Turkey, we investigated associations between antenatal depressive symptoms and subsequent changes in perceived quality of key family relationships. METHOD: Of 730 women recruited in their third trimester (94.6% participation), 578 (79.2%) were reassessed at a mean of 4.1 (s.d. = 3.3) months after childbirth, 488 (66.8%) were reassessed at 13.7 (s.d. = 2.9) months, and 448 (61.4%) at 20.8 (s.d. = 2.7) months...
November 22, 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873517/reliability-and-validity-of-the-korean-version-of-the-lifetime-stressor-checklist-revised-in-psychiatric-outpatients-with-anxiety-or-depressive-disorders
#19
Kang Rok Choi, Daeho Kim, Eun Young Jang, Hwallip Bae, Seok Hyeon Kim
PURPOSE: Traumatic events and adverse stressful experiences are major etiological factors in a wide variety of physical and mental disorders. Developing psychological instruments that can be easily administered and that have good psychometric properties have become an integral part for research and practice. This study investigated the reliability and validity of the Korean version of the Lifetime Stressor Checklist-Revised (LSC-R) in a consecutive sample of psychiatric outpatients. The LSC-R is a 30-item self-reporting questionnaire examining lifetime traumatic and non-traumatic stressors...
January 2017: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873055/hiv-related-stress-and-life-chaos-mediate-the-association-between-poverty-and-medication-adherence-among-people-living-with-hiv-aids
#20
Seth C Kalichman, Moira O Kalichman
HIV treatment depends on high-levels of antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence, which is severely impeded by poverty. Men and women living with HIV infection (N = 92) completed computerized interviews of demographic and health characteristics, poverty markers, stressful life events, and life chaos, as well as unannounced pill counts to determine prospective medication adherence and medical record chart abstractions for HIV viral load. Poverty markers were associated with both stressors and chaos, and the direct effects of all three factors predicted ART non-adherence...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
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