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Surgery education qualitative

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617184/patient-perceptions-of-experience-with-cardiac-rehabilitation-after-isolated-heart-valve-surgery
#1
Tina B Hansen, Selina K Berg, Kirstine L Sibilitz, Ann D Zwisler, Tone M Norekvål, Anne Lee, Niels Buus
BACKGROUND: Little evidence exists on whether cardiac rehabilitation is effective for patients after heart valve surgery. Yet, accepted recommendations for patients with ischaemic heart disease continue to support it. To date, no studies have determined what heart valve surgery patients prefer in a cardiac rehabilitation programme, and none have analysed their experiences with it. AIMS: The purpose of this qualitative analysis was to gain insight into patients' experiences in cardiac rehabilitation, the CopenHeartVR trial...
June 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614638/development-and-validation-of-a-3d-printed-model-of-the-ostiomeatal-complex-and-frontal-sinus-for-endoscopic-sinus-surgery-training
#2
Abdulaziz S Alrasheed, Lily H P Nguyen, Luc Mongeau, W Robert J Funnell, Marc A Tewfik
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic sinus surgery poses unique training challenges due to complex and variable anatomy, and the risk of major complications. We sought to create and provide validity evidence for a novel 3D-printed simulator of the nose and paranasal sinuses. METHODS: Sinonasal computed tomography (CT) images of a patient were imported into 3D visualization software. Segmentation of bony and soft tissue structures was then performed. The model was printed using simulated bone and soft tissue materials...
June 14, 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602526/resident-operative-experience-at-independent-academic-medical-centers-a-comparison-to-the-national-cohort
#3
Amit R T Joshi, Amber W Trickey, Benjamin T Jarman, Kara J Kallies, Robert Josloff, Jonathan M Dort, Ravi Kothuru
PURPOSE: Independent Academic Medical Centers (IAMCs) comprise one-third of U.S. general surgery training programs. It is unclear whether IAMCs offer qualitatively or quantitatively different operative experiences than the national cohort. We analyzed a large representative sample of IAMCs to compare operative volume and variety, with a focus on low-volume procedures. METHODS: Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education Program Case Reports from 27 IAMCs were collected and analyzed for 3 academic years (2012-2015)...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600711/what-s-in-a-name-tensions-between-formal-and-informal-communities-of-practice-among-regional-subspecialty-cancer-surgeons
#4
Simon C Kitto, Rachel E Grant, Jennifer Peller, Carol-Anne Moulton, Steven Gallinger
In 2007 the Cancer Care Ontario Hepatobiliary-Pancreatic (HPB) Community of Practice was formed during the wake of provincial regionalization of HPB services in Ontario, Canada. Despite being conceptualized within the literature as an educational intervention, communities of practice (CoP) are increasingly being adopted in healthcare as quality improvement initiatives. A qualitative case study approach using in-depth interviews and document analysis was employed to gain insight into the perceptions and attitudes of the HPB surgeons in the CoP...
June 9, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599904/youtube-as-a-source-of-information-on-neurosurgery
#5
Nardin Samuel, Naif M Alotaibi, Andres M Lozano
BACKGROUND: The importance of videos in social media communications in the context of healthcare and neurosurgery is becoming increasingly recognized. However, to date, there has not yet been a systematic analysis of these neurosurgery-related communications. Accordingly, this study was aimed at characterizing the online video content pertaining to neurosurgery. METHODS: Neurosurgery-related videos uploaded on YouTube were collected using a comprehensive search strategy...
June 6, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584414/impact-of-interprofessional-education-module-on-attitudes-of-health-care-providers-involved-in-maxillofacial-rehabilitation-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Saee Deshpande, Usha Radke
PURPOSE: Rehabilitation of maxillofacial deformities is a challenging task because it involves not only a lot of skills and expertise but also many disciplines working in unison for optimum outcome. However, more often than not a prosthodontist is not a member of tumor board and consulted after surgery which affects the prognosis of the rehabilitation adversely. There was a perceived need to create awareness among referring surgeons and physicians, and interprofessional education (IPE) initiatives were deemed necessary to improve this collaboration...
April 2017: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515060/barriers-and-facilitators-experienced-in-collaborative-prospective-research-in-orthopaedic-oncology-a-qualitative-study
#7
J S Rendon, M Swinton, N Bernthal, M Boffano, T Damron, N Evaniew, P Ferguson, M Galli Serra, W Hettwer, P McKay, B Miller, L Nystrom, W Parizzia, P Schneider, A Spiguel, R Vélez, K Weiss, J P Zumárraga, M Ghert
OBJECTIVES: As tumours of bone and soft tissue are rare, multicentre prospective collaboration is essential for meaningful research and evidence-based advances in patient care. The aim of this study was to identify barriers and facilitators encountered in large-scale collaborative research by orthopaedic oncological surgeons involved or interested in prospective multicentre collaboration. METHODS: All surgeons who were involved, or had expressed an interest, in the ongoing Prophylactic Antibiotic Regimens in Tumour Surgery (PARITY) trial were invited to participate in a focus group to discuss their experiences with collaborative research in this area...
May 2017: Bone & Joint Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499163/the-diabetic-retinopathy-barometer-study-global-perspectives-on-access-to-and-experiences-of-diabetic-retinopathy-screening-and-treatment
#8
D Cavan, L Makaroff, J da Rocha Fernandes, M Sylvanowicz, P Ackland, J Conlon, D Chaney, A Malhi, J Barratt
AIM: To assess the level of awareness, prevention and treatment of Diabetic Eye Disease (DED) comprising Diabetic Retinopathy (DR) and Diabetic Macula Edema (DME) retinopathy among adults with diabetes and health professionals. METHODS: The Diabetic Retinopathy Barometer Study consisted of a qualitative study, which consisted of semi-structured interviews, and a quantitative study using online surveys for adults with diabetes and for health professionals. RESULTS: A total of 4340 adults with diabetes and 2329 health professionals participated in the surveys...
July 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496378/ethnopsychiatry-fosters-creativity-and-the-adoption-of-critical-and-reflexive-thinking-in-higher-education-students-insights-from-a-qualitative-analysis-of-a-preliminary-pilot-experience-at-the-faculty-of-medicine-and-surgery-university-of-genoa-italy
#9
Anna Siri, Giovanni Del Puente, Mariano Martini, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi
Creativity is an ability that plays a major role in the modern economy and society. It should represent an important component of the medical syllabus. However, it is often overlooked by the formal courses at universities. The current study aimed at evaluating whether the interactive educational models, recently adopted by the Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, at the University of Genoa, Italy, would favor the adoption of critical thinking, attitudes to changes, cultural diversity acceptance, and the adoption of relational soft skills versus traditional and frontal didactic teaching...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483823/patient-use-of-blood-pressure-self-screening-facilities-in-general-practice-waiting-rooms-a-qualitative-study-in-the-uk
#10
Alice C Tompson, Sabrina Grant, Sheila M Greenfield, Richard J McManus, Susannah Fleming, Carl J Heneghan, Fd Richard Hobbs, Alison M Ward
BACKGROUND: Blood pressure (BP) self-screening, whereby members of the public have access to BP monitoring equipment outside of healthcare consultations, may increase the detection and treatment of hypertension. Currently in the UK such opportunities are largely confined to GP waiting rooms. AIM: To investigate the reasons why people do or do not use BP self-screening facilities. DESIGN AND SETTING: A cross-sectional, qualitative study in Oxfordshire, UK...
May 8, 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412270/how-surgeons-conceptualize-talent-a-qualitative-study-using-sport-science-as-a-lens
#11
Rune Dall Jensen, Mette Krogh Christensen, Kori A LaDonna, Mikkel Seyer-Hansen, Sayra Cristancho
OBJECTIVES: Debates prevail regarding the definition of surgical talent, and how individuals with the potential to become talented surgeons can be identified and developed. However, over the past 30 years, talent has been studied extensively in other domains. The objectives of this study is to explore notions of talent in surgery and sport in order to investigate if the field of surgical education can benefit from expanding its view on talented performances. Therefore, this study aims to use the sport literature as a lens when exploring how surgeons conceptualize and define talent...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399607/surgeon-reported-needs-for-improved-training-in-identifying-and-managing-free-flap-compromise
#12
Catherine McMillan, Veerle D'Hondt, Alexandra H Marshall, Paul Binhammer, Joan Lipa, Laura Snell
Background This study examined the need for improved training in the identification and management of free flap (FF) compromise and assessed a potential role for simulated scenario training. Methods Online needs assessment surveys were completed by plastic surgeons and a subsample with expertise in microsurgery education participated in focus groups. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and mixed qualitative methods. Results In this study, 77 surgeons completed surveys and 11 experts participated in one of two focus groups...
July 2017: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340610/the-importance-of-informational-clinical-and-personal-support-in-patient-experience-with-total-knee-replacement-a-qualitative-investigation
#13
Laurie J Goldsmith, Nitya Suryaprakash, Ellen Randall, Jessica Shum, Valerie MacDonald, Richard Sawatzky, Samar Hejazi, Jennifer C Davis, Patrick McAllister, Stirling Bryan
BACKGROUND: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is the most frequently performed joint replacement surgery in North America. Patient perspectives on TKA have been investigated in various ways, including finding as many as 20% of TKA patients are dissatisfied with their surgical outcomes. Understanding the patient experience with TKA broadly and in relation to patient satisfaction is a key gap in existing literature. METHODS: We report on the qualitative component of a mixed methods prospective cohort study examining patient experience and satisfaction post-TKA for adults in British Columbia, Canada...
March 24, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327096/exploring-why-a-complex-intervention-piloted-in-general-practices-did-not-result-in-an-increase-in-chlamydia-screening-and-diagnosis-a-qualitative-evaluation-using-the-fidelity-of-implementation-model
#14
R Allison, D M Lecky, K Town, C Rugman, E J Ricketts, N Ockendon-Powell, K A Folkard, J K Dunbar, C A M McNulty
BACKGROUND: Chlamydia trachomatis (chlamydia) is the most commonly diagnosed sexually transmitted infection (STI) in England; approximately 70% of diagnoses are in sexually active young adults aged under 25. To facilitate opportunistic chlamydia screening in general practice, a complex intervention, based on a previously successful Chlamydia Intervention Randomised Trial (CIRT), was piloted in England. The modified intervention (3Cs and HIV) aimed to encourage general practice staff to routinely offer chlamydia testing to all 15-24 year olds regardless of the type of consultation...
March 21, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296714/analysis-of-a-resident-aesthetic-clinic-process-for-rhinoplasty-resident-experience-and-patient-satisfaction
#15
Michael G Brandel, Gehaan F DʼSouza, Christopher M Reid, Marek K Dobke, Amanda A Gosman
GOALS/PURPOSE: Plastic surgery residents often desire additional training in rhinoplasty than what is provided by their residency program. The goal of this study was to define and evaluate a specific process used to structure preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative protocols for rhinoplasty patients in the resident aesthetic clinic (RAC) to enhance qualitative and quantitative experience. Complication rates and patient/resident satisfaction scores were also examined. METHODS: Resident clinic rhinoplasty patients underwent a well-defined and established process that included patient education and informed consent, preoperative planning in a conference-based session, specific adherence to established surgical techniques, and structured postoperative management and follow-up...
May 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251600/surgery-and-trauma-care-providers-perception-of-the-impact-of-dual-practice-employment-on-quality-of-care-provided-in-an-andean-country
#16
L N LaGrone, L N Isquith-Dicker, E Huaman Egoavil, J J Herrera-Matta, A K Fuhs, D Ortega Checa, F Revoredo, M J A Rodriguez Castro, C N Mock
BACKGROUND: Dual-practice, simultaneous employment by healthcare workers in the public and private sectors is pervasive worldwide. Although an estimated 30 per cent of the global burden of disease is surgical, the implications of dual practice on surgical care are not well understood. METHODS: Anonymous in-depth individual interviews on trauma quality improvement practices were conducted with healthcare providers who participate in the care of the injured at ten large hospitals in Peru's capital city, Lima...
May 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228448/patient-experience-with-discharge-instructions-in-postdischarge-recovery-a-qualitative-study
#17
Molly J Horstman, Whitney L Mills, Levi I Herman, Cecilia Cai, George Shelton, Tareq Qdaisat, David H Berger, Aanand D Naik
OBJECTIVES: We examined the role of discharge instructions in postoperative recovery for patients undergoing colorectal surgery and report themes related to patient perceptions of discharge instructions and postdischarge experience. DESIGN: Semistructured interviews were conducted as part of a formative evaluation of a Project Re-Engineered Discharge intervention adapted for surgical patients. SETTING: Michael E. DeBakey VA Medical Center, a tertiary referral centre in Houston, Texas...
February 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224953/perceived-learning-needs-of-patients-with-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm
#18
Olga Nilsson, Rebecka Hultgren, Anna Letterstål
BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing surgical treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) should receive adequate information about the disease, treatment options, and self-care. Patients' learning needs should be acknowledged. The aim was to describe the perceived learning needs in patients with AAA. A secondary aim was to explore their experience of methods for patient education. METHODS: Three focus group interviews were conducted with 14 patients treated with open or endovascular repair of AAA...
March 2017: Journal of Vascular Nursing: Official Publication of the Society for Peripheral Vascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217724/quality-of-life-among-female-cancer-survivors-in-africa-an-integrative-literature-review
#19
REVIEW
Rhoda Suubi Muliira, Anna Santos Salas, Beverley O'Brien
Quality of life (QOL) has been studied extensively among cancer populations in high income countries where cancer care resources are available to many. Little is known concerning the QOL of cancer groups residing in Africa where resources can be scarce. The integrative review of the literature explored and critically examined studies that had addressed QOL in female cancer survivors in Africa. The extent to which QOL studies incorporated a cultural perspective was also examined. Research studies published between 2005 and 2015 were retrieved from five databases: CINAHL, MEDLINE, SCOPUS, ProQuest dissertations and Theses full text, and GlobalHealth...
January 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154440/case-report-using-a-remote-presence-robot-to-improve-access-to-physical-therapy-for-people-with-chronic-back-disorders-in-an-underserved-community
#20
Stacey Lovo Grona, Brenna Bath, Luis Bustamante, Ivar Mendez
Purpose: The purpose of this case study was to evaluate the delivery of an inter-professional (IP) spinal triage management approach to chronic back disorders using remote presence robotic technology as an innovative form of telerehabilitation in a northern Saskatchewan community. Methods: The IP team, consisting of a local nurse practitioner (NP) and a physical therapist in an urban centre, completed a comprehensive neuromusculoskeletal assessment of, and one follow-up visit with, a post-surgical spinal patient...
2017: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
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