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Surgery education qualitative

Brittany N Krekeler, Elizabeth Wendt, Cameron Macdonald, Jason Orne, David O Francis, Rebecca Sippel, Nadine P Connor
Importance: It is important that clinicians understand consequences of thyoridectomy on swallowing from the patient perspective to better care for this population. Objective: Using rigorous qualitative methodology, this study set out to characterize the effect of swallowing-related symptoms after thyroidectomy on patient quality of life and swallowing-related outcomes. Design, Setting, and Participants: Prospective, grounded theory analysis of interviews with 26 patients at 3 time points after thyroidectomy (2 weeks, 6 weeks, and 6 months) Data were collected from an ongoing clinical trial (NCT02138214), and outpatient interviews were conducted at the University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics...
March 8, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Li-Ang Lee, Shu-Ling Wang, Yi-Ping Chao, Ming-Shao Tsai, Li-Jen Hsin, Chung-Jan Kang, Chia-Hsiang Fu, Wei-Chieh Chao, Chung-Guei Huang, Hsueh-Yu Li, Cheng-Keng Chuang
BACKGROUND: The use of mobile technology in e-learning (M-TEL) can add new levels of experience and significantly increase the attractiveness of e-learning in medical education. Whether an innovative interactive e-learning multimedia (IM) module or a conventional PowerPoint show (PPS) module using M-TEL to teach emergent otorhinolaryngology-head and neck surgery (ORL-HNS) disorders is feasible and efficient in undergraduate medical students is unknown. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the impact of a novel IM module with a conventional PPS module using M-TEL for emergent ORL-HNS disorders with regard to learning outcomes, satisfaction, and learning experience...
March 8, 2018: JMIR Medical Education
Bernice C Yates, Mari L Vazquez Hernandez, Sheri A Rowland, Denise E Bainter, Paula Schulz, Corrine K Hanson
PURPOSE: Maintenance of lifestyle changes after cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is suboptimal. In addition, partners of cardiac patients are invited to participate in CR educational sessions and implicitly expected to assist patients with their lifestyle changes. The purpose of this study was to qualitatively examine patient and partner perceptions of phase 2 CR 3 mo after completion of the program. METHODS: A purposive sample of 11 couples (patients post-heart surgery and their spouses) was interviewed following completion of CR...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
Megan B Shannon, W Adams, C M Fitzgerald, E R Mueller, L Brubaker, C Brincat
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate patient attendance and preparedness for pelvic floor physical therapy (PFPT) after comparing standard counseling versus standard counseling plus an educational video. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial of 200 patients in a Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery practice was performed in a tertiary care referral center. Participants were randomized to 1 of 2 educational modalities after being prescribed PFPT...
March 2018: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
Gladys B Asiedu, Bethany R Lowndes, Paul M Huddleston, Susan Hallbeck
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to define health care providers' perceptions toward prone patient positioning for spine surgery using the Jackson Table, which has not been hitherto explored. METHODS: We analyzed open-ended questionnaire data and interviews conducted with the spine surgical team regarding the current process of spinal positioning/repositioning using the Jackson Table. Participants were asked to provide an open-ended explanation as to whether they think the current process of spinal positioning/repositioning is safe for the staff or patients...
March 2018: Journal of Patient Safety
A E Bennett, L O'Neill, D Connolly, E M Guinan, L Boland, S L Doyle, J O'Sullivan, J V Reynolds, J Hussey
PURPOSE: To qualitatively explore the perceived impact of a 12-week rehabilitative intervention for oesophago-gastric cancer survivors on their physical, mental and social wellbeing. METHODS: Of the 21 participants who completed the intervention, 19 took part in a semi-structured focus group interview. Four audio-taped focus groups were held, ranging in size from two to eight participants. Focus groups were transcribed and analysed using a descriptive qualitative approach...
February 18, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Om Salimeh Roudi Rasht Abadi, Mohammad Ali Cheraghi, Batool Tirgari, Nahid Dehaghan Nayeri, Masoud Rayyani
Sexual relationship after surgical menopause matters when talking about sex is taboo and marriage is the only justified way to meet sexual needs. In this qualitative research approach 22 surgical menopausal women shared their experiences of sexual/ marital relationship after surgery through in-depth, face-to-face and semi-structured interviews. Qualitative content analysis technique was used for data analysis. An overarching theme entitled "feeling an invisible wall" reflected this experience. It comprised of three categories: 1) Declined marital intimacy, 2) Disarming, and 3) Transformation of social norms into concerns...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
Caitrin M Kelly, Nichole Starr, Nakul P Raykar, Rachel R Yorlets, Charles Liu, Miliard Derbew
With the lowest measured rate of surgery in the world, Ethiopia is faced with a number of challenges in providing surgical care. The aim of this study was to elucidate challenges in providing safe surgical care in Ethiopia, and solutions providers have created to overcome them. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 practicing surgeons in Ethiopia. Following de-identification and immersion into field notes, topical coding was completed with an existing coding manual. Codes were adapted and expanded as necessary, and the primary data analyst confirmed reproducibility with a secondary analyst...
February 15, 2018: Global Public Health
M Pettersson, J Öhlen, F Friberg, L C Hydén, C Wallengren, E Sarenmalm, E Carlsson
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To describe preoperative communication after a person-centred intervention in nurses' consultations with patients undergoing surgery for colorectal cancer. BACKGROUND: Patients all over the world scheduled for surgery are referred for preoperative consultations with health care professionals. The goal is to assess the risk for perioperative complications, improving quality of care and enabling patients to be prepared for surgery and recovery...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
B A Timmins, C Thomas Riché, M W Saint-Jean, J Tuck, L Merry
AIM: To describe the facilitators and barriers for nurses to perform quality wound care in three surgical wards of a hospital in Port-au-Prince, Haiti. BACKGROUND: Up to a quarter of patients in low- and middle-income countries may acquire at least one infection while hospitalized. There is a paucity of research investigating nursing wound care practices in low- and middle-income countries regarding the prevention of hospital-acquired infections. METHODS: The design was qualitative descriptive...
February 13, 2018: International Nursing Review
Audrey Brochu, Rajesh Aggarwal
BACKGROUND: Academic research is an integral part of general surgery training. Despite the recent research curriculum requirements of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education, there is perceived lack of research structure for residents. The aim of this study was to identify research opportunities, structure, and academic outputs during general surgical United States (US) residency. METHODS: A Web-based review of all accredited general surgery US residency programs was undertaken...
March 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
Giulia Villa, Duilio F Manara, Tommaso Brancato, Gennaro Rocco, Alessandro Stievano, Ercole Vellone, Rosaria Alvaro
AIM: To explore the experiences of self-care of patients with urostomy and to identify the influencing factors of self-care. BACKGROUND: The creation of a urostomy results in the loss of an important bodily function and an alteration of the body image and causes physical, psychological, and social changes in the lifestyle through the adjustment and management of the new condition. In literature, there are few studies that analyze the lifestyle of people with urostomy...
February 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Narelle J Watson, Sally A Martin, Jennifer L Keating
OBJECTIVE: To investigate patients' experience following wrist fracture, surgical repair and immobilization. DESIGN: A qualitative investigation involving individual participant interviews. SETTING: A metropolitan trauma service. SUBJECTS: In all, 31 participants were consecutively recruited from three groups within a randomized controlled trial comparing immobilization for one ( n = 11), three ( n = 10) or six weeks ( n = 10) following surgical treatment for wrist fracture...
February 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
Malene Missel, Mette Hansen, Rie Jackson, Mette Siemsen, Mai Nanna Schønau
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To provide in-depth insight into patients' lived experiences of participating in an education and counseling nutritional intervention after curative surgery for esophageal cancer. BACKGROUND: Surgery for esophageal cancer carries a risk of malnutrition. The consequences of nutritional problems may lead to increased morbidity and mortality postoperatively and have consequences for convalescence, rehabilitation and quality of life. DESIGN: Qualitative study based on a phenomenological approach...
February 4, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Peter McCulloch, Joshua Feinberg, Yiannis Philippou, Angelos Kolias, Sean Kehoe, Gillian Lancaster, Jenny Donovan, Tatjana Petrinic, Riaz Agha, Christopher Pennell
The quality of clinical research in surgery has long attracted criticism. High-quality randomised trials have proved difficult to undertake in surgery, and many surgical treatments have therefore been adopted without adequate supporting evidence of efficacy and safety. This evidence deficit can adversely affect research funding and reimbursement decisions, lead to slow adoption of innovations, and permit widespread adoption of procedures that offer no benefit, or cause harm. Improvement in the quality of surgical evidence would therefore be valuable...
January 17, 2018: Lancet
Adam Smith
A review of qualitative literature regarding awareness under general anaesthesia was undertaken, this term being defined as full consciousness during surgery with explicit recall of events. This study was designed to explore perioperative practitioner knowledge, skill base and education on the subject of awareness. It also explores the practitioner role in, looking out for and rectification, their obligations to the patient and their statutory bodies, as well as adherence to standards of conduct, performance and ethics...
September 2017: Journal of Perioperative Practice
Bernard Iung, Victoria Delgado, Patrice Lazure, Suzanne Murray, Per Anton Sirnes, Raphael Rosenhek, Susanna Price, Marco Metra, Céline Carrera, Michele De Bonis, Michael Haude, Gerhard Hindricks, Jeroen Bax, Alec Vahanian
Aims: To assess the knowledge and application of European Society of Cardiology (ESC) Guidelines in the management of mitral regurgitation (MR). Methods and results: A mixed-methods educational needs assessment was performed. Following a qualitative phase (interviews), an online survey was undertaken using three case scenarios (asymptomatic severe primary MR, symptomatic severe primary MR in the elderly, and severe secondary MR) in 115 primary care physicians (PCPs), and 439 cardiologists or cardiac surgeons from seven European countries...
January 2, 2018: European Heart Journal
Jason M Weissler, Martin J Carney, Fabiola A Enriquez, Charles A Messa, Robyn Broach, Marilyn M Shapira, Frances K Barg, John P Fischer
BACKGROUND: Prophylactic mesh placement (PMP) at the time of open abdominal surgery has gained momentum over the last decade. However, there remains an identifiable gap in the literature regarding patient-reported outcomes and qualitative metrics. In effort to gauge the population's understanding or familiarity with PMP, this study provides an educational framework and uses crowdsourcing as a novel means to assess perception among the general population. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey study was conducted among the general public to elicit perspectives on PMP...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
Vaughn A Starnes, Maura E Sullivan
Introduction Recent changes in surgical education have had an impact on our congenital training programmes. The mandate of the 8-hour workweek, a rapidly expanding knowledge base, and a host of other mandates has had an impact on the readiness of the fellows who are entering congenital programmes. To understand these issues completely, we interviewed the top congenital experts in the United States of America. The purpose of this paper is to share their insight and offer suggestions to address these challenges...
December 2017: Cardiology in the Young
Frank J Molloy, Nguyenvu Nguyen, Marisa Mize, Gavin Wright, Cecilia St George-Hyslop, Maura O'Callaghan, Emma Scanlan, William M Novick
This review will outline the role of visiting cardiac surgical teams in low- and middle-income countries drawing on the collective experience of the authors in a wide range of locations. Requests for assistance can emerge from local programmes at a beginner or advanced stage. However, in all circumstances, careful pre-trip planning is necessary in conjunction with clinical and non-clinical local partners. The clinical evaluation, surgical procedures, and postoperative care all serve as a template for collaboration and education between the visiting and local teams in every aspect of care...
December 2017: Cardiology in the Young
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