keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Surgery education

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722339/structured-pain-management-reduces-patient-discomfort-after-catheter-ablation-and-rhythm-device-surgery
#1
M Dörschner, A Bollmann, B Dinov, S Richter, M Döring, A Arya, A Müssigbrodt, S Kircher, N Dagres, P Sommer, G Hindricks, K Bode
BACKGROUND: The goal was to test the effectiveness of a structured pain management programme after invasive electrophysiological interventions in cardiology including ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF) or ventricular tachycardia (VT) and implantation, or explantation, of pacemakers or implantable cardioverter defibrillators. METHODS: This was a prospective study with a pre-/post-design where a post-intervention group (116 consecutive patients) was compared to a pre-intervention group (102 consecutive patients) after implementation of a structured pain-management programme using the numeric rating scale (NRS 0-10) and classified as moderate-to-severe if NRS > 3...
July 18, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722081/-quality-control-of-radical-lymphadenectomy-for-gastric-cancer
#2
Han Liang
D2 lymphadenectomy is currently the worldwide standard operation for locally advanced gastric cancer. There were no major modifications for extent of standard lymphadenectomy in Japanese gastric cancer treatment guidelines 2014(ver.4). Prophylactic para-arotic lymphadenectomy is not recommended. Although there is no high level evidence, D2+No14v may be beneficial to patients who are suspected to harbor metastasis to No6 node, and D2+No13 lymphadenectomy may be an option in a potentially curative gastrectomy for tumors invading the duodenum...
July 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721988/attitude-of-bachelor-of-dental-surgery-students-and-interns-toward-teaching-learning-process-in-government-dental-college-kottayam-kerala-india
#3
Sandhya Gopalakrishnan, Philip Mathew, Kannan Vaidyanathan
INTRODUCTION: The educational environment affects the academic performance of students. One of the most widely utilized tools for measuring the educational environment is Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure (DREEM). The objective of the study was to assess the attitude toward study environment, as measured using DREEM questionnaire, and to find out the differences in perception of various batches of dental students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All Bachelor of Dental Surgery students from Government Dental College, Kottayam, Kerala, India, were included in the study...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721086/adaptation-to-illness-in-relation-to-pain-perceived-by-patients-after-surgery
#4
Mariusz Chabowski, Michał Junke, Jan Juzwiszyn, Magdalena Milan, Maciej Malinowski, Dariusz Janczak
BACKGROUND: Pain is one of the factors that decrease quality of life. Undergoing surgery is inevitably associated with the sensation of pain, which can affect a patient's level of acceptance of an illness. The aim of the study was to evaluate the level of acceptance of illness in patients undergoing surgical treatment with relation to the pain perceived by them during surgical treatment and to determine other factors that affect adaptation to illness among patients subjected to invasive treatment...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720354/training-modalities-in-robot-assisted-urologic-surgery-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Catherine Elizabeth Lovegrove, Oussama Elhage, M Shamim Khan, Giacomo Novara, Alex Mottrie, Prokar Dasgupta, Kamran Ahmed
CONTEXT: Novel surgical techniques demand that surgical training adapts to the need for technical and nontechnical skills. OBJECTIVE: To identify training methods available for robot-assisted surgical (RAS) training in urology, evaluate their effectiveness in terms of validation, educational impact, acceptability, and cost effectiveness, and assess their effect on learning curves (LCs). EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A systematic review following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis guidelines searched Ovid Medline, Embase, PsycINFO, and the Cochrane Library...
February 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720027/long-term-alteration-of-the-hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis-in-children-undergoing-cardiac-surgery-in-the-first-6-months-of-life
#6
Monica McGauran, Brigid Jordan, Roseriet Beijers, Irma Janssen, Candice Franich-Ray, Carolina de Weerth, Michael Cheung
Children with congenital heart disease (CHD) have poorer neurodevelopmental and psychological outcomes. The mechanisms underlying this remain unclear. One mechanism could be that the stressful experience of cardiac surgery early in life influences long-term hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis regulation. Dysregulation of the HPA axis has been linked to poorer neurocognitive and psychological outcomes in other study populations. This case-control study aims to compare HPA-axis regulation (circadian rhythm and reactivity) using salivary cortisol in 3- to 5-year-olds with CHD who did and did not have cardiac surgery prior to 6 months of age...
July 18, 2017: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719565/burnout-in-orthopaedic-surgeons-a-challenge-for-leaders-learners-and-colleagues-aoa-critical-issues
#7
S Elizabeth Ames, James B Cowan, Keith Kenter, Sanford Emery, David Halsey
Burnout, depression, suicidal ideation, and dissatisfaction with work-life balance have been reported in all medical specialties and at all stages of medical education and practice experience. Burnout consists of progressive emotional, attitudinal, and physical exhaustion. Physicians with burnout may treat patients as objects and feel emotionally depleted. Burnout is characterized by a loss of enthusiasm for work (emotional exhaustion), feelings of cynicism (depersonalization), and a low sense of personal accomplishment...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719395/closing-the-gap-in-cochlear-implant-access-for-african-americans-a-story-of-outreach-and-collaboration-by-our-cochlear-implant-program
#8
Sheree Sims, Lisa Houston, Ivy Schweinzger, Ravi N Samy
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Minorities often lag behind in hearing loss evaluation and treatment. Our cochlear implant program aimed to identify the socioeconomic and cultural barriers that prevented our African-American cochlear implant candidates from seeking help for their hearing loss, specifically cochlear implant surgery. RECENT FINDINGS: Our pilot study surveyed 11 African-Americans with cochlear implants and identified obstacles that included patient-physician mistrust, social stigma, financial cost, and lack of education about the devices and procedures...
July 14, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718058/cultural-biases-in-current-medical-practices-with-a-specific-attention-to-orthopedic-surgery-a-review
#9
Gracia Etienne, Todd P Pierce, Anton Khlopas, Morad Chughtai, Carlos J Lavernia, Teva Y Vogelstein, Craig M Thomas, Charles S Modlin, Michael A Mont
Due to the increasing diversity within the United States population, there is an ever-increasing need for increased education on cultural literacy and tolerance in medical schools and residency programs. The purpose of this article was to review how a person's culture can play a substantive role in effecting and influencing (1) medical diagnosis, (2) patient and health provider medical decision-making, (3) the patient's perception of disease, and (4) the doctor-patient relationships. Many of the decisions we make as orthopedic surgeons must account for the patient's cultural needs, as much of our work impacts patients' daily activities and function...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717871/sleeve-gastrectomy-telementoring-a-sages-multi-institutional-quality-improvement-initiative
#10
Ninh T Nguyen, Allan Okrainec, Mehran Anvari, Brian Smith, Oz Meireles, Denise Gee, Erin Moran-Atkin, Evelyn Baram-Clothier, Diego R Camacho
BACKGROUND: Sleeve gastrectomy is a relatively new procedure that developed as a result of rapid innovation in the field of bariatric surgery. As with any newly developed operation, there is a learning curve that potentially can be associated with higher morbidity. Real-time surgical mentoring reduces the learning curve effect but can be time intensive for the mentor. The aim of this initiative was to evaluate the feasibility, effectiveness, and satisfaction of surgical telementoring for laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy...
July 17, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717750/fear-of-treatments-surpasses-demographic-and-socioeconomic-factors-in-affecting-patients-with-breast-cancer-in-urban-south-africa
#11
Sarah Rayne, Kathryn Schnippel, Cynthia Firnhaber, Kathryne Wright, Deirdre Kruger, Carol-Ann Benn
PURPOSE: Breast cancer is the most common cause of cancer in women in South Africa, and often patients present late. There is little understanding of the psychosocial stresses affecting women with breast cancer in Africa. METHODS: A questionnaire was distributed to 263 patients with breast cancer at two sites (one government and one private facility) in Johannesburg. Self-reported levels of fear were recorded on summative scales and their relationship to demographic variables assessed through univariable and multivariable modified Poisson regression...
April 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716384/a-review-of-empathy-its-importance-and-its-teaching-in-surgical-training
#12
Jing L Han, Theodore N Pappas
BACKGROUND: There has been much discussion in the medical literature about the importance of empathy and physician communication style in medical practice. Empathy has been shown to have a very real positive effect on patient outcomes. Most of the existing literature speaks to its role in medical education, with relatively little empiric study about empathy in the surgical setting. OBJECTIVE: Review of empathy and its importance as it pertains to the surgeon-patient relationship and improving patient outcomes, and the need for increased education in empathy during surgical training...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716147/stop-smoking-and-alcohol-drinking-before-operation-for-bladder-cancer-%C3%AF-the-stop-op-study-%C3%AF-perioperative-smoking-and-alcohol-cessation-intervention-in-relation-to-radical-cystectomy-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
Susanne Vahr Lauridsen, Thordis Thomsen, Peter Thind, Hanne Tønnesen
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the effect of a smoking-, alcohol- or combined-cessation intervention starting shortly before surgery and lasting 6 weeks on overall complications after radical cystectomy. Secondary objectives are to examine the effect on types and grades of complications, smoking cessation and alcohol cessation, length of hospital stay, health-related quality of life and return to work or habitual level of activity up to 12 months postoperatively. METHODS/DESIGN: The study is a multi-institutional randomised clinical trial involving 110 patients with a risky alcohol intake and daily smoking who are scheduled for radical cystectomy...
July 17, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713803/the-institute-for-global-orthopedics-and-traumatology-a-model-for-academic-collaboration-in-orthopedic-surgery
#14
Devin James Conway, Richard Coughlin, Amber Caldwell, David Shearer
In 2006, surgeons at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) established the Institute for Global Orthopedics and Traumatology (IGOT), an initiative within the department of orthopedic surgery. The principal aim of IGOT is to create long-term, sustainable solutions to the growing burden of musculoskeletal injury in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) through academic partnership. IGOT currently has relationships with teaching hospitals in Ghana, Malawi, Tanzania, Nicaragua, and Nepal. The organizational structure of IGOT is built on four pillars: Global Surgical Education (GSE), Global Knowledge Exchange (GKE), Global Research Initiative (GRI), and Global Leadership and Advocacy...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713525/orthopedic-in-training-examination-question-metrics-and-resident-test-performance
#15
John Mason DePasse, Jack Haglin, Adam E M Eltorai, Mary K Mulcahey, Craig P Eberson, Alan H Daniels
First administered in November 1963, the orthopedic in-training examination (OITE) is now distributed to more than 4000 residents in over 20 countries and has become important for evaluation of resident fund of knowledge. Several studies have assessed the effect of didactic programs on resident performance, but only recently has it become possible to assess detailed testtaking metrics such as time spent per question. Here, we report the first assessment of resident OITE performance utilizing this full electronic dataset from two large academic institutions...
June 23, 2017: Orthopedic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713079/-acceptance-of-the-disease-and-tendency-to-pay-higher-health-insurance-fee-by-patients-with-lung-cancer
#16
Andrzej Nowicki, Paulina Graczyk, Paulina Farbicka
INTRODUCTION: Thanks to knowledge on the relationship between acceptance of disease and the willingness to co-pay for treatment in patients with lung cancer we can try to assess whether their introduction would be justified and acceptable. THE AIM: The purpose of the study was to examine the propensity of patients with lung cancer to pay higher rate of health insurance depending on their acceptance of the disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted in 2016 at the Oncology Center in Bydgoszcz and the Kujawsko-Pomorskie Pulmonology Center in Bydgoszcz...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712902/design-based-comparison-of-spine-surgery-simulators-optimizing-educational-features-of-surgical-simulators
#17
Won Hyung A Ryu, Ahmed E Mostafa, Navjit Dharampal, Ehud Sharlin, Gail Kopp, W Bradley Jacobs, R John Hurlbert, Sonny Chan, Garnette R Sutherland
BACKGROUND: Simulation-based education has made its entry into surgical residency training, particularly as an adjunct to hands-on clinical experience. However, one of the ongoing challenges to wide adoption is the capacity of simulators to incorporate educational features required for effective learning. The aim of this study was to identify strengths and limitations of spine simulators to characterize design elements that are essential in enhancing resident education. METHODS: We performed a mixed qualitative and quantitative cohort study with focused survey and interviews of stakeholders in spine surgery pertaining to their experiences on three spine simulators...
July 13, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712689/enhancing-medical-curricula-the-role-of-a-1-day-plastic-surgery-course-as-an-educational-adjunct-for-medical-students
#18
Harry V M Spiers, Alexander Zargaran, Aasim Nisar Murtaza, Amal Thomas, Mohammed Adil A Turki, Farida Ali
INTRODUCTION: Plastic surgery is underrepresented in medical school curricula. The St George׳s Surgical Society hosted a 1-day undergraduate course in plastic surgery. Our aim was to introduce students to plastic surgery and teach basic plastic surgical skills. METHODOLOGY: The skills day consisted of lectures from consultants and a core trainee followed by registrar-taught workshops in suturing, tendon repair, and local flap design. Precourse and postcourse questionnaires assessed perceptions of plastic surgery, confidence in performing basic plastic surgical skills, and usefulness of course components...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712687/assessing-residents-readiness-for-or-autonomy-a-qualitative-descriptive-study-of-expert-surgical-teachers-best-practices
#19
Xiaodong Phoenix Chen, Amy M Sullivan, Adnan Alseidi, Gifty Kwakye, Douglas S Smink
PURPOSE: Providing resident autonomy in the operating room (OR) is one of the major challenges for surgical educators today. The purpose of this study was to explore what approaches expert surgical teachers use to assess residents' readiness for autonomy in the OR. We particularly focused on the assessments that experts make prior to conducting the surgical time-out. METHODS: We conducted semistructured in-depth interviews with expert surgical teachers from March 2016 to September 2016...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712686/using-touch-surgery-to-improve-surgical-education-in-low-and-middle-income-settings-a-randomized-control-trial
#20
Gisele Juru Bunogerane, Kathryn Taylor, Yihan Lin, Ainhoa Costas-Chavarri
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: There is a severe surgical workforce shortage in Rwanda. Innovative educational tools must be introduced to train more residents and increase surgical capacity. Touch Surgery (TS) is a smartphone application that offers trainees the opportunity to practice operations; however, its effect is unknown in low- and middle-income countries. Our objectives were to determine the training effect of TS and its feasibility for use in surgery education in a low-resource setting...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
keyword
keyword
20593
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"