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Surgery education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027867/unplanned-readmission-within-90-days-after-pediatric-neurosurgery
#1
Silky Chotai, Bradley S Guidry, Emily W Chan, Katherine D Sborov, Stephen Gannon, Chevis Shannon, Christopher M Bonfield, John C Wellons, Robert P Naftel
OBJECTIVE Readmission and return to operating room after surgery are increasingly being used as a proxy for quality of care. Nearly 60% of these readmissions are unplanned, which translates into billions of dollars in health care costs. The authors set out to analyze the incidence of readmission at their center, to define causes of unplanned readmission, and to determine the preoperative and surgical variables associated with readmissions following pediatric neurosurgery. METHODS A total of 536 children who underwent operations for neurosurgical diagnoses between 2012 and 2015 and who were later readmitted were included in the final analysis...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026812/medical-student-perception-of-plastic-surgery-and-the-impact-of-mainstream-media
#2
S J Fraser, S Al Youha, P J Rasmussen, J G Williams
BACKGROUND: Plastic surgery as a discipline is poorly understood by many, including primary care physicians, nurses, medical students, and the public. These misconceptions affect the specialty in a number of ways, including referral patterns and recruitment of medical students into residency programs. The reason for these commonly held misconceptions has not yet been addressed in the plastic surgery literature. As such, we assessed medical students' knowledge and perceptions of plastic surgery as a discipline and explored factors influencing these opinions...
February 2017: Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026789/the-impact-of-the-predictive-nursing-education-process-on-degree-of-comfort-and-quality-of-life-for-patients-in-the-oncology-department
#3
Yan Yu, Lijuan Hu, Xingu Chen, Mei Ge, Huijuan Zhu, Yusheng Yan
BACKGROUND: We investigated the application of a predictive nursing education process on the degree of comfort and quality of life for cancer patients. METHODS: A total of 168-cancer patient in Zhujiang Hospital of Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China between June 2014 and June 2016 were enrolled and admitted for surgery or radiotherapy/chemotherapy treatment. Patients were randomly divided into control and observation groups, each containing 84 cases...
September 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026677/bedside-ultrasound-in-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-children-with-respiratory-difficulty-following-cardiac-surgery
#4
REVIEW
Hussam Kanaan Hamadah, Mohamed Salim Kabbani
Many children frequently fail extubation or require a prolonged period of positive pressure ventilation support after cardiac surgery. Pediatric cardiac Intensive Care Unit (PCICU) ultrasound (US) stands as a simple, basic bedside tool that can be performed by trained intensivists for the diagnosis with immediate implication on therapeutic decisions in multiple scenarios that physicians may face in PCICU. Bedside US is widely available, convenient, and inexpensive. This educational article based mainly on our own experience is highlighting the role of US in detecting the most common causes of respiratory weaning difficulties and extubation failure in postoperative cardiac children through proposed illustration and algorithm...
2017: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025397/a-qualitative-study-of-patient-education-needs-for-hip-and-knee-replacement
#5
Deborah Kennedy, Amy Wainwright, Lucy Pereira, Susan Robarts, Patricia Dickson, Jennifer Christian, Fiona Webster
BACKGROUND: Quality health information is key to patient engagement, self-management and an enhanced healthcare experience. There is strong evidence to support involving patients and their families in the development and evaluation of health-related educational material. These factors were the impetus for our high volume joint replacement centre to undertake a qualitative study to elicit patient experiences to inform the development of effective strategies and education along the care continuum for hip and knee replacement...
October 12, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022276/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-tsh-secreting-adenomas-review-of-a-longtime-experience-in-a-reference-center
#6
D M Nazato, J Abucham
PURPOSE: TSH-secreting pituitary adenomas are among the less prevalent pituitary tumors, corresponding to 0.9-1.5% of all pituitary adenomas in surgical series. METHODS: A series of 11 patients with TSH-secreting and cosecreting adenomas diagnosed and treated in the last 25 years in a single center is described. RESULTS: The mean age at diagnosis was 37 years (range 18-80 years; median 23 years); the ratio of male-to-female patients was similar (6M:5F)...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021871/knowledge-on-bone-banking-among-participants-in-an-orthopaedic-conference-a-preliminary-survey
#7
S Mohd, N Yusof, S Ramalingam, W M Ng, A Mansor
Despite increasing use of bone graft in Malaysia, there was still lack of data to quantify knowledge level on bone banking among orthopaedic community who are involved in transplantation related work. Therefore, a survey on awareness in tissue banking specifically bone banking, usage and choice of bone grafts was conducted. From 80 respondents, 82.5% were aware about tissue banking however only 12.5% knew of the existence of tissue banks in Malaysia. Femoral head was the bone allograft most often used as a substitute to autograft...
July 2017: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021716/continuous-curvilinear-capsulorhexis-training-and-non-rhexis-related-vitreous-loss-the-specificity-of-virtual-reality-simulator-surgical-training-an-american-ophthalmological-society-thesis
#8
Colin A McCannel
PURPOSE: To assess the specificity of simulation-based virtual reality ophthalmic cataract surgery training on the Eyesi ophthalmic virtual reality surgical simulator, and test the hypothesis that microsurgical motor learning is highly specific. METHODS: Retrospective educational interventional case series. The rates of vitreous loss and retained lens material, and vitreous loss and retained lens material associated with an errant continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis (CCC) were assessed among 1037 consecutive cataract surgeries performed during four consecutive academic years at a teaching hospital...
August 2017: Transactions of the American Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021142/knotted-urethral-catheter-an-unusual-complication-in-adults
#9
Samer Jallad, Anupa Shah, Jeetesh Bhardwa
Knotting of feeding tubes or urinary catheters has been reported as a rare complication in paediatrics when draining the bladder. This is caused by inserting thin flexible tubes too far in, allowing it to coil. We present a case of a 70-year-old woman who was catheterised during a routine spinal surgery, and the catheter coiled and balloon failed to deflate requiring a cystostopic approach to puncture the balloon and remove it. Awareness of this complication in female catheterisation and education on length of catheter insertion is important to avoid this...
October 10, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019803/the-spot-gradetm-a-new-method-for-reproducibly-quantifying-surgical-wound-bleeding
#10
William D Spotnitz, Dirk Zielske, Valerie Centis, Rachel Hoffman, Daniel L Gillen, Catherine Wittmann, Vincent Guyot, Doris M Campos, Patricia Forest, Alan Pearson, Paul C McAfee
STUDY DESIGN: Benchtop model with prospective surgeon video testing. OBJECTIVE: To create a surface bleeding severity scale, the SPOT GRADE (SG), for quantitative assessment of target bleeding site (TBS) blood loss. This is of particular interest for spinal surgery due to epidural bleeding and an inability to use diathermy and radiofrequency cautery close to nerve roots. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: A novel apparatus perfusable at known flow rates and simulating different sized wounds was used to create movies to educate surgeons on specific degrees of bleeding...
October 10, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018914/the-effect-of-a-surgery-residency-program-and-enhanced-educational-activities-on-trauma-mortality-in-sub-saharan-africa
#11
Joana Grudziak, Jared Gallaher, Leonard Banza, Bruce Cairns, Carlos Varela, Sven Young, Anthony Charles
INTRODUCTION: To address the need for more surgical providers in low-resource settings, a collaboration to create a surgical residency-training program for local Malawian physicians was established in 2009. This study sought to describe the short-term independent effect of a surgical residency program on trauma mortality at a tertiary trauma center in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of all patients recorded in the trauma surveillance registry of Kamuzu Central Hospital in Lilongwe, Malawi, from 2009 (three residents) through 2014 (11 residents)...
October 10, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017863/surgical-volunteerism-as-a-collaborative-teaching-activity-can-benefit-surgical-residents-in-low-middle-income-countries
#12
EDITORIAL
Ryan A Hayton, Dustin K Donley, Arega Fekadu, Bradley K Woods, Cassandra K Graybill, Tamara N Fitzgerald
Surgical care is desperately needed in low-middle income countries (LMIC). Due to small numbers of faculty in local training programs, residents have limited exposure to subspecialists. We describe a teaching activity between visiting surgeons from the U.S. and a residency program in Malawi as an example for how surgeons in high income countries can meaningfully contribute. A short-term education activity was developed where residents participated in a pre-test on pediatric surgical management, lectures, intra-operative instruction, bedside rounds and a post-test...
October 7, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017656/-development-and-construction-mode-of-critical-care-medicine-22-years-of-development-and-construction-of-intensive-care-units-of-guizhou-medical-university
#13
Difen Wang, Ying Liu, Jiangquan Fu, Yuanyi Liu, Yumei Cheng, Ying Wang, Liang Li, Ming Liu, Yan Tang, Feng Shen, Xu Liu, Jia Yuan, Xianjun Chen, Hongying Bi, Hongxia Wang, Wei Li, Qimin Chen, Cui Wang
OBJECTIVE: To provide decision-making basis for promoting the rapid and healthy development of critical care medicine/intensive care unit (ICU) through discussing the mode of development and construction of the department of ICU. METHODS: The situations of ICU of Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University from July 1994 to December 2016 were analyzed and summed up. Data of the situations in different development stages included the location and area of the ward, the number of beds, the number of physicians and nurses, the structure of academic titles and educational levels, the number of patients admitted to ICU per year, the proportion of patients used ventilator per year, the mortality, the mode of the discipline management, the number of medical postgraduates and undergraduates trained in the ICU, the number of teaching hours, the achievements, the number of research projects, the number of published monographs and papers, the number of the multicenter trials that we participated in, the construction of the team, the personal honor, and so on...
October 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994456/-the-other-right-control-strategies-and-the-role-of-language-use-in-laparoscopic-training
#14
Heather Emmerton-Coughlin, Christopher Schlachta, Lorelei Lingard
CONTEXT: Laparoscopic techniques present a particular challenge to the academic surgeon in maintaining control and patient safety. The authors explored the use of verbal and physical control strategies including deixis, language used to locate subject in spatio-temporal, social and discoursal contexts, in this setting. METHODS: Forty cases of laparoscopic cholecystectomy at an academic centre were video and audio-recorded. Surgeon and trainee discourses and physical gestures during the crucial anatomical steps of the operation were qualitatively analysed using a hybrid inductive and deductive technique with explicit attention to the use of deixis...
October 10, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993354/endoscopic-shaving-of-hair-in-a-gastric-bypass-patient-with-a-large-bezoar
#15
Waseem Amjad, Gautham Upadhya, Abu Hurairah, Shahzad Iqbal
Trichotillomania can be associated with the formation of trichobezoars (hair ball) usually located in the stomach. Trichobezoars may lead to complications including bowel obstruction, and perforation. Patients with a history of diabetes, certain psychiatric disorders, prior gastric surgery and poor mastication ability are at an increased risk of developing bezoars. We are presenting a case of patient who suffered from a large, recurrent trichobezoar, who had a history of gastric bypass surgery as well as trichotillophagia...
October 9, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993121/evaluating-surgical-residents-patient-centered-communication-skills-practical-alternatives-to-the-apprenticeship-model
#16
Anna Newcomb, Amber W Trickey, Elena Lita, Jonathan Dort
OBJECTIVES: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) requires residency programs to assess communication skills and provide feedback to residents. We aimed to develop a feasible data collection process that generates objective clinical performance information to guide training activities, inform ACGME milestone evaluations, and validate assessment instruments. DESIGN: Residents care for patients in the surgical clinic and in the hospital, and participate in a communication curriculum providing practice with standardized patients (SPs)...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991666/educational-attainment-and-motor-burden-in-advanced-parkinson-s-disease-the-emerging-role-of-education-in-motor-reserve
#17
Josefine Blume, Eva Rothenfusser, Jürgen Schlaier, Ulrich Bogdahn, Max Lange
OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationship of motor burden and educational attainment in patients with advanced stage PD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included 102 consecutive patients who underwent a complete evaluation for DBS surgery, including detailed neuropsychological testing and UPDRSIII in a standardized Levodopa challenge. Years of education (YoE) were calculated as the highest grade attained in secondary school plus years for post-secondary training. RESULTS: The OFF medication UPDRS-III score was associated with YoE (p=0...
October 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991664/incobotulinumtoxina-treatment-of-facial-nerve-palsy-after-neurosurgery
#18
Mihail A Akulov, Ol'ga R Orlova, Aleksandra S Orlova, Dmitrij J Usachev, Vadim N Shimansky, Sergey V Tanjashin, Svetlana E Khatkova, Anna V Yunosha-Shanyavskaya
BACKGROUND: This study evaluates the effect of incobotulinumtoxinA in the acute and chronic phases of facial nerve palsy after neurosurgical interventions. METHODS: Patients received incobotulinumtoxinA injections (active treatment group) or standard rehabilitation treatment (control group). Functional efficacy was assessed using House-Brackmann, Yanagihara System and Sunnybrook Facial Grading scales, and Facial Disability Index self-assessment. RESULTS: Significant improvements on all scales were seen after 1month of incobotulinumtoxinA treatment (active treatment group, р<0...
October 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990685/national-trends-in-otolaryngology-intern-curricula-following-accreditation-council-for-graduate-medical-education-changes
#19
Kevin J Kovatch, Rebecca S Harvey, Mark E P Prince, Marc C Thorne
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: In 2016, Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) requirements for curriculum and resident experiences were modified to require entering postgraduate year (PGY)-1 residents to spend 6 months of structured education on otolaryngology-head and neck surgery (ORL-HNS) rotations. We aimed to determine how ORL-HNS training programs have adapted curricula in response to 2016 ACGME curriculum requirement changes. STUDY DESIGN: Survey study...
October 9, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990667/the-%C3%A3-ndice-flesch-szigriszt-and-spanish-lexile-analyzer-to-evaluate-spanish-patient-education-materials-in-otolaryngology
#20
Samih J Nassif, Kevin Wong, Jessica R Levi
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Evaluate the reading difficulty of Spanish patient education materials using the validated Índice Flesch-Szigriszt (INFLESZ) and Spanish Lexile Analyzer, and to identify relationships between English and Spanish readability formulas. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis. METHODS: All otolaryngology-related patient education articles written in Spanish from the health libraries of the top 10 US News & World Report-ranked hospitals, top 10 Doximity-ranked otolaryngology residencies, the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery website, and the US National Library of Medicine online section on ears, nose and throat were collected...
October 9, 2017: Laryngoscope
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