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Pickering emulsion

Xia Wu, Li Zhang, Xingzhong Zhang, Ya Zhu, Yuehan Wu, Yan Li, Bin Li, Shilin Liu, Jinping Zhao, Zhaocheng Ma
Ethyl cellulose (EC) nanodispersions have been prepared through a facile procedure, a process involved the dissolution of EC into ethanol, followed by dipping it in Xanthan Gum (XG) solution (0.1%, used as anti-solvent), and then removed the ethanol. The influences of preparation conditions on the structure and properties of the EC nanodispersions were investigated. The prepared EC nanodispersion had a negative surface potential, which contributed to its stabilization. The particle size of the nanodispersions could be controlled by changing the concentration of EC...
September 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
Xin Zhao, Biyun Huang, Malek El-Aooiti, Dérick Rousseau
Controlled demulsification was used to tailor the release of NaCl as a solute from water-in-oil (W/O) emulsion droplets encased in glycerol monostearate (GMS) crystalline shells. Under quiescent conditions at room temperature, the GMS shells behaved as an effective barrier against salt diffusion. A second surfactant, sorbitan monooleate (SMO), added to the emulsion post-preparation to controllably demulsify, resulted in concentration-dependent removal of the interfacially-bound GMS crystals resulting in aqueous droplet coalescence...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
A Marefati, B Wiege, N U Haase, M Matos, M Rayner
Small granular starches from rice, quinoa and amaranth were hydrophobized by esterification with octenyl succinic anhydride (OSA) in an aqueous alkaline slurry to obtain series of modified starches at defined intervals (i.e. 0.6, 1.2, 1.8, 2.4, 3.0%). The physical and the physico-chemical properties of the starch particles were characterized by proximate analysis including protein level, amylose level and dry matter. The shape and size of the starch granules were characterized by scanning electron microscopy and light scattering...
November 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
Christopher Griffith, Hugh Daigle
HYPOTHESIS: Previous work on Pickering emulsions has shown that bromohexadecane-in-water emulsions (50% oil) stabilized with fumed and spherical particles modified with hexadecyl groups develop a noticeable zero shear elastic storage modulus (G'0) of 200Pa and 9Pa, respectively, while in just 50mM NaCl. This high G'0 can be problematic for subsurface applications where brine salinities are higher and on the order of 600mM NaCl. High reservoir salinity coupled with low formation pressure drops could prevent an emulsion with a high G'0 from propagating deep into formation...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Gurudas Mane, Jeganathan Akilavasan, Emmanouil Passas-Lagos, Frank Marlow
The successful fabrication of TiO2-faced asymmetric patchy particles consisting of polystyrene and a Fe3O4/SiO2/TiO2 part is described. Such particles can be of large interest for photochemistry. The used site-selective coating approach demonstrates a modification strategy for a special patchy particle family which may have a general character. The stability of the coating has been tested under several conditions with no sign of disruption. The influence of the prepared asymmetric particles on oil/water phase mixing behavior was tested and turned out to be very diverse...
September 12, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Ahmet Kertmen, Pau Torruella, Emerson Coy, Luis Yate, Grzegorz Nowaczyk, Jacek Gapiński, Carmen Vogt, Muhammet Toprak, Sonia Estradé, Francesca Peiró, Sławomir Milewski, Stefan Jurga, Ryszard Andruszkiewicz
It has been long known that the physical encapsulation of oleic acid-capped iron oxide nanoparticles (OA-IONPs) with the cetyltrimethylammonium (CTA(+)) surfactant induces the formation of spherical iron oxide nanoparticle clusters (IONPCs). However, the behavior and functional properties of IONPCs in chemical reactions have been largely neglected and are still not well-understood. Herein, we report an unconventional ligand-exchange function of IONPCs activated when dispersed in an ethyl acetate/acetate buffer system...
September 22, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Susanne Sihler, Mika Lindén, Ulrich Ziener
Pickering emulsions with a remarkable transmittance of up to 86% across the visible spectrum have been prepared without adjusting the refractive index (RI) of the stabilizing particles to those of the aqueous and oil phases. Commercially available hydrophilic silica particles with a diameter of 20 nm, which are hydrophobized partially in situ, were used to stabilize water droplets with diameters below 400 nm in IsoparM. In this system, the stabilizing particles and the emulsion droplets act as one single scattering object, which renders RI-matching of the particles unnecessary...
September 21, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Wei Xue, Hengquan Yang, Zhiping Du
Pickering emulsions exhibit outstanding stability, especially those prepared with Janus particles, whose desorption energy is expected to be up to 3-fold greater than emulsions of homogeneous particles from theoretical calculations. To the best of our knowledge, however, there remains no experimental proof of this behavior in practice. In this study, inorganic Janus nanoparticles were fabricated by regioselective modification of the separate side of SiO2 nanoparticles with a judiciously selected mixture of trimethoxysilylpropyldiethylenetriamine and n-octyltrimethoxysilane...
September 22, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Yining Han, Navid Bizmark, Nasser Mohieddin Abukhdeir, Marios A Ioannidis
Design and fabrication of many next-generation liquid crystal (LC)-based devices rely on nematic LC domains in the form of drops or emulsions. In addition to surfactants, solid nanoparticles may be used to stabilize LC-in-water Pickering emulsions, possibly adding new dimensions to device functionality. In this work we quantitatively study the adsorption of ethyl cellulose (EC) nanoparticles, as a colloid model system, on the 4-cyano-4'-pentylbiphenyl (5CB)-water interface via a series of dynamic interfacial tension measurements...
September 20, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Navid Bizmark, Marios Ioannidis
Pickering emulsions stabilized by nanoparticles have recently received great attention for their remarkable stability, in part a consequence of irreversible adsorption. In this study, we generate Pickering oil-in-water emulsions stabilized by ethyl cellulose (EC) nanoparticles without the addition of surfactants. Over a range of ionic strength and EC nanoparticle concentrations, a series of dynamic interfacial tension (IFT) measurements complemented by extended-DLVO theoretical computations are conducted to quantitatively describe the behaviour of EC nanoparticles at the interface of water with different alkanes...
September 1, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Negar Kasiri, Milad Fathi
This study presents isolation and characterization of cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) from pistachio shell and their application to stabilize Pickering emulsion. Pistachio shell (PS) is an agro-waste with an attractive source of cellulose. Alkali and bleaching treatments were performed for removing hemicellulose and lignin and purification of cellulose, while cellulose nanocrystals were obtained by acid hydrolysis. Hydrolysis using H2SO4 was very severe that led to formation of amorphous structures. While, hydrolysis reaction by HCl for 180min in concentration of 3M was recognized as the best conditions to extract CNCs with yield of 77...
August 22, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Taotao Lu, Yongfeng Zhu, Yanxing Qi, Wenbo Wang, Aiqin Wang
A novel magnetic chitosan-g-poly(2-acrylamide-2-methylpropanesulfonic acid) (CTS-g-AMPS) porous adsorbent was prepared by grafting the AMPS onto the CTS in the Fe3O4 stabilized Pickering high internal phase emulsions (Pickering-HIPEs) and used for the adsorptive removal of the antibiotics tetracycline (TC) and chlorotetracycline (CTC). The results of the structure characterization showed that porous structure of the adsorbent can be tuned easily by altering amount of Fe3O4-MNPs-M and the electrostatic attraction of between SO3(-) and CTC, TC was the main adsorption driving force...
August 20, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Yuxiu Xing, Jun Peng, Kai Xu, Shuxi Gao, Xuefeng Gui, Shengyuan Liang, Longfeng Sun, Mingcai Chen
A well-defined pH-responsive star-shaped polymer containing poly(N,N-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate) (PDMA) arms and a cage-like methacryloxypropyl silsesquioxane (CMSQ-T10) core was used as an interfacial stabilizer for emulsions consisting of m-xylene and water. We explored the properties of the CMSQ/PDMA star-shaped polymer using the characteristic results of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, size exclusion chromatography (SEC), dynamic light scattering (DLS), and zeta potential and conductivity measurements...
August 17, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Subir K Biswas, Hironari Sano, Md Iftekhar Shams, Hiroyuki Yano
Achieving a structural hierarchy and a uniform nanofiller dispersion simultaneously remains highly challenging for obtaining a robust polymer nanocomposite of immiscible components. In this study, a remarkably facile Pickering emulsification approach is developed to fabricate hierarchical composites of immiscible acrylic polymer and native cellulose nanofibers by taking advantage of the dual role of the nanofibers as both emulsion stabilizer and polymer reinforcement. The composites feature a unique "reverse" nacre-like microstructure reinforced with a well-dispersed two-tier hierarchical nanofiber network, leading to a synergistic high strength, modulus, and toughness (20, 50, and 53 times that of neat polymer, respectively), high optical transparency (89%), high flexibility, and a drastically low thermal expansion (13 ppm K(-1), 1/15th of the neat polymer)...
August 25, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Mohamed S Manga, David W York
Stirred cell membrane emulsification (SCME) has been employed to prepare concentrated Pickering oil in water emulsions solely stabilized by fumed silica nanoparticles. The optimal conditions under which highly stable and low-polydispersity concentrated emulsions using the SCME approach are highlighted. Optimization of the oil flux rates and the paddle stirrer speeds are critical to achieving control over the droplet size and size distribution. Investigating the influence of oil volume fraction highlights the criticality of the initial particle loading in the continuous phase on the final droplet size and polydispersity...
August 25, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Sheida Hedjazi, Seyed Hadi Razavi
Cellulosic nanocrystals from different origins were made to stabilize the canthaxanthin (CTX) in pickering emulsion. Nanocrystals were obtained by hydrochloric acid hydrolysis. Dynamic light scattering (DLS) demonstrated that the length of solid particles were in the range of 112nm to 4000nm. AFM indicated the needle-like shape of the cotton cellulose nanocrystals (CCNs) and bacterial cellulose nanocrystals (BCNs) and also illustrated the thickness of the particles to be 6 and 7nm respectively. The crystallinity of both BCNs and CCNs was higher than the cellulose source they were isolated (CL: 75...
August 10, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Zhang Zhenqian, Susanne Sihler, Ulrich Ziener
HYPOTHESIS: Many solid particles have been used in Pickering stabilized (mini)emulsions. Stabilizing "particles" can be also formed in situ e.g. by aggregation of dye molecules as reported recently. Among the dyes sodium 2-hydroxy-5-[(E)-(4-nitrophenyl)diazenyl]benzoate (Alizarin Yellow R, (AYR)) is one of the best stabilizers. It is assumed to act as sole stabilizer also in heterophase polymerizations and offers a great potential for applications. EXPERIMENTS: Aqueous solutions of AYR in varying concentrations (0...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Faiza Laredj-Bourezg, Marie-Alexandrine Bolzinger, Jocelyne Pelletier, Yves Chevalier
Surfactant-free biocompatible and biodegradable Pickering emulsions were investigated as vehicles for skin delivery of hydrophobic drugs. O/w emulsions of medium-chain triglyceride (MCT) oil droplets loaded with all-trans retinol as a model hydrophobic drug were stabilized by block copolymer nanoparticles: either poly(lactide)-block-poly(ethylene glycol) (PLA-b-PEG) or poly(caprolactone)-block-poly(ethylene glycol) (PCL-b-PEG). Those innovative emulsions were prepared using two different processes allowing drug loading either inside oil droplets or inside both oil droplets and non-adsorbed block copolymer nanoparticles...
August 10, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Zhaocheng Wang, Sijia Gao, Xiangxiang Liu, Ye Tian, Man Wu, Zhongwei Niu
Pickering emulsion constructions on nanorods with high aspect ratio are a great challenge because of the geometry restrictions. On the basis of the theory that the stability of Pickering emulsion is highly dependent on the size and amphiphilicity of the nanoparticle at fluid interfaces, we report a novel strategy to fabricate long-time stable Pickering emulsion consisting of tobacco mosaic virus (TMV)-like nanorods through the programming self-assembly of TMV coat protein (TMVCP). The first step is the self-assembly of amphiphilic TMVCP at Pickering emulsion interfaces, and the second step is the in situ interfacial self-assembly of TMVCP into nanorods with increased particle size...
August 9, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Yanhua Sun, Shian Zhong
In this work, a novel strategy was developed for the selective recognition of protein based on oil-in-water Pickering emulsions-hydrogels polymerization and interfacial imprinting method. For the first time, nanoscale trifunctional bovine hemoglobin (BHb) played three roles simultaneously during the process, including emulsifier, template protein and sacrificial material for further exposing recognition sites. Prior to acting as stabilizers, bovine hemoglobin colloidal particles (BCPs) were firstly prepared by acidification and heat denaturation...
July 29, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
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