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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432335/policy-coherence-integration-and-proportionality-in-tobacco-control-should-tobacco-sales-be-limited-to-government-outlets
#1
Elizabeth A Smith, Patricia A McDaniel, Heikki Hiilamo, Ruth E Malone
Multiple factors, including marijuana decriminalization/legalization, tobacco endgame discourse, and alcohol industry pressures, suggest that the retail regulatory environment for psychoactive or addictive substances is a dynamic one in which new options may be considered. In most countries, the regulation of tobacco, marijuana, and alcohol is neither coherent, nor integrated, nor proportional to the potential harms caused by these substances. We review the possible consequences of restricting tobacco sales to outlets run by government-operated alcohol retail monopolies, as well as the likely obstacles to such a policy...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430081/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-criminal-behavior-among-illicit-drug-users-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Rafael Alves Guimarães, Natália Silva Mesquita, Renata Silva Lopes, Roselma Lucchese, Rodrigo Lopes de Felipe, Ivânia Vera, Inaina Lara Fernandes, Paulo Alexandre de Castro, Luiz Henrique Batista Monteiro, Graciele Cristina Silva
BACKGROUND: Studies indicate high rates of criminal behavior, violent activities, and legal problems among illicit drug users (IDU) in Brazil. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence and factors associated with criminal behavior among IDU undergoing treatment for chemical dependency in Central Brazil. METHODS: Cross-sectional study carried out with IDU undergoing treatment for chemical dependence. Data were collected by means of face-to-face interviews and analyzed using logistic regression...
April 21, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429160/neural-mechanisms-of-risky-decision-making-in-adolescents-reporting-frequent-alcohol-and-or-marijuana-use
#3
Eric D Claus, Sarah W Feldstein Ewing, Renee E Magnan, Erika Montanaro, Kent E Hutchison, Angela D Bryan
Because adolescence is a period of heightened exploration of new behaviors, there is a natural increase in risk taking including initial use of alcohol and marijuana. In order to better understand potential differences in neurocognitive functioning among adolescents who use drugs, the current study aimed to identify the neural substrates of risky decision making that differ among adolescents who are primary users of alcohol or marijuana, primary users of both alcohol and marijuana, and controls who report primary use of neither drug...
April 20, 2017: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426332/buprenorphine-treatment-and-patient-use-of-health-services-after-the-affordable-care-act-in-an-integrated-health-care-system
#4
Cynthia I Campbell, Sujaya Parthasarathy, Kelly C Young-Wolff, Derek D Satre
The Affordable Care Act (ACA) was expected to benefit patients with substance use disorders, including opioid use disorders (OUDs). This study examined buprenorphine use and health services utilization by patients with OUDs pre- and post-ACA in a large health care system. Using electronic health record data, we examined demographic and clinical characteristics (substance use, psychiatric and medical conditions) of two patient cohorts using buprenorphine: those newly enrolled in 2012 ("pre-ACA," N = 204) and in 2014 ("post-ACA," N = 258)...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426314/the-influence-of-college-attendance-on-risk-for-marijuana-initiation-in-the-united-states-1977-to-2015
#5
Richard A Miech, Megan E Patrick, Patrick M O'Malley, Lloyd D Johnston
OBJECTIVES: To examine a potential increase in marijuana initiation among US college students as compared with their age peers not in college before and after 2013, a watershed year for increasing tolerance of marijuana use in the United States. METHODS: Data come from the Monitoring the Future study, which has followed longitudinal panels drawn from annual nationally representative, baseline samples of 12th-grade students starting with the class of 1976. We studied panel members aged 19 to 22 years who had never used marijuana by 12th grade between 1977 and 2015...
April 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426146/the-influence-of-substance-use-on-depressive-symptoms-among-young-adult-black-men-the-sensitizing-effect-of-early-adversity
#6
Steven M Kogan, Junhan Cho, Assaf Oshri, James MacKillop
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Depressive symptoms have been identified as an important consequence of substance use. Both heavy drinking and marijuana use have acute and short-term effects on systems that regulate emotion, increasing the potential for substance use to induce problems with negative affect and irritability. We investigated the effects of alcohol and marijuana use on depressive symptoms among a sample of young Black men. We also tested the stress sensitization hypothesis that exposure to adverse childhood experiences would amplify the influence of substance use on men's depressive symptoms...
April 20, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424215/medical-marijuana-laws-may-be-associated-with-a-decline-in-the-number-of-prescriptions-for-medicaid-enrollees
#7
Ashley C Bradford, W David Bradford
In the past twenty years, twenty-eight states and the District of Columbia have passed some form of medical marijuana law. Using quarterly data on all fee-for-service Medicaid prescriptions in the period 2007-14, we tested the association between those laws and the average number of prescriptions filled by Medicaid beneficiaries. We found that the use of prescription drugs in fee-for-service Medicaid was lower in states with medical marijuana laws than in states without such laws in five of the nine broad clinical areas we studied...
April 19, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423920/-medical-marijuana-is-incompatible-with-mental-health-promotion
#8
Prem Chopra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422859/the-levels-of-triglyceride-and-total-cholesterol-in-methamphetamine-dependence
#9
Meijuan Zhang, Dezhao Lv, Wu Zhou, Lili Ji, Beibei Zhou, Han Chen, Yingying Gu, Jiyun Zhao, Jincai He
The serum triglyceride (TG) and total cholesterol (TC) levels have been reported altered in the traditional drug-dependence (such as marijuana and heroin). However, studies assessing the relationships among serum TC, TG, and methamphetamine (MA)-dependence have not been described well. In this study, our aim is to explore the serum TG and TC levels in large sample of MA-dependent patients. A retrospective study was conducted in 938 MA-dependent patients who were recruited between February 2, 2008 and March 11, 2013, with social characteristics and drug-dependence history (duration of MA use, routes of drug administration, and daily dose were collected)...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422803/marijuana-use-and-self-reported-quality-of-eyesight
#10
Obinna F Akano
PURPOSE: There is increasing use of marijuana among young adults and more states in the United States are legalizing medical marijuana use. A number of studies have revealed both the beneficial and harmful effects of marijuana to the human system. Despite some beneficial effects, studies have shown marijuana to have a lot of deleterious effects on the visual system, which subsequently reduces the quality of eyesight. The aim of this study was to investigate if heavy marijuana smoking is associated with a poor quality of eyesight compared with light/no use of marijuana...
May 2017: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422352/places-and-social-contexts-associated-with-simultaneous-use-of-alcohol-tobacco-and-marijuana-among-young-adults
#11
Sharon Lipperman-Kreda, Mallie J Paschall, Saltz Robert F, Christopher N Morrison
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Little is known about social-ecological correlates of simultaneous use of alcohol with other substances. This study examined places and social contexts associated with simultaneous use of alcohol, tobacco and marijuana among young adults. DESIGN AND METHODS: We used survey data obtained from 1538 young adult recent alcohol drinkers (49% male; 18-30 years old) in 24 non-contiguous cities in California. Event-level measures included alcohol, tobacco and marijuana use, drinking places and social characteristics of the event...
April 19, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421617/eveningness-and-later-sleep-timing-are-associated-with-greater-risk-for-alcohol-and-marijuana-use-in-adolescence-initial-findings-from-the-ncanda-study
#12
Brant P Hasler, Peter L Franzen, Massimiliano de Zambotti, Devin Prouty, Sandra A Brown, Susan F Tapert, Adolf Pfefferbaum, Kilian M Pohl, Edith V Sullivan, Michael D De Bellis, Bonnie J Nagel, Fiona C Baker, Ian M Colrain, Duncan B Clark
BACKGROUND: Abundant cross-sectional evidence links eveningness (a preference for later sleep-wake timing) and increased alcohol and drug use among adolescents and young adults. However, longitudinal studies are needed to examine whether eveningness is a risk factor for subsequent alcohol and drug use, particularly during adolescence, which is marked by parallel peaks in eveningness and risk for the onset of alcohol use disorders. The present study examined whether eveningness and other sleep characteristics were associated with concurrent or subsequent substance involvement in a longitudinal study of adolescents...
April 19, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418460/marijuana-use-during-stages-of-pregnancy-in-the-united-states
#13
Nora D Volkow, Beth Han, Wilson M Compton, Carlos Blanco
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 18, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417252/effects-of-parental-monitoring-and-knowledge-on-substance-use-and-hiv-risk-behaviors-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-results-from-three-studies
#14
Brian Mustanski, Gregory Swann, Michael E Newcomb, Nikhil Prachand
Young men who have sex with men (YMSM) are disproportionately impacted by HIV/AIDS and have elevated rates of substance use. Parenting practices, such as knowledge of child whereabouts and monitoring of behavioral rules, protect against these outcomes among heterosexual youth. This article examined the relationship between these parenting practices and substance use and HIV risk behaviors among YMSM. Data are reported from three similar studies of YMSM: ChiGuys (ages 14-18), Crew 450 (ages 16-22), and RADAR (ages 16-29)...
April 17, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415145/medical-marijuana-challenges-and-risk-issues-for-health-care-providers
#15
John C West
Laws on medical marijuana and recreational use of marijuana are sweeping the country and presenting real dilemmas for health care providers and facilities. However, due to disagreements between federal and state law, there are no easy answers. Additionally, the case law and statutory law on these issues is exceedingly sparse. It may take years for all of the issues to be ironed out, but health care facilities will need to act in the meantime on what may be little more than educated guesses. It may not be appropriate to simply prohibit the use of medical marijuana, but accommodating it also has risk...
April 2017: Journal of Healthcare Risk Management: the Journal of the American Society for Healthcare Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413906/development-and-validation-of-the-masculine-attributes-questionnaire
#16
Junhan Cho, Steven M Kogan
The present study describes the development and validation of the Masculine Attributes Questionnaire (MAQ). The purpose of this study was to develop a theoretically and empirically grounded measure of masculine attributes for sexual health research with African American young men. Consistent with Whitehead's theory, the MAQ items were hypothesized to comprise two components representing reputation-based and respect-based attributes. The sample included 505 African American men aged 19 to 22 years ( M = 20.29, SD = 1...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413856/erratum-to-the-relationship-between-marijuana-and-conventional-cigarette-smoking-behavior-from-early-adolescence-to-adulthood
#17
Allison N Kristman-Valente, Karl G Hill, Marina Epstein, Rick Kosterman, Jennifer A Bailey, Christine M Steeger, Tiffany M Jones, Robert D Abbott, Renee M Johnson, Denise Walker, J David Hawkins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412327/place-over-traits-purchasing-edibles-from-medical-marijuana-dispensaries-in-los-angeles-ca
#18
Nancy Jo Kepple, Bridget Freisthler
OBJECTIVES: To examine discrete purchasing behaviors of marijuana-infused edibles from medical marijuana dispensaries with the aim to identify potential venue- and individual-level targets for prevention. METHODS: Two-stage, venue-based sampling approach was used to randomly select patrons exiting 16 medical marijuana dispensaries in Los Angeles, California during Spring 2013. Hierarchical generalized linear modeling was used to examine the likelihood of purchasing edibles among 524 patrons reporting a discrete purchase regressed on characteristics of the sampled dispensaries and their patrons...
April 7, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408072/nonmedical-use-of-prescription-opioids-among-pregnant-u-s-women
#19
Katy B Kozhimannil, Amy J Graves, Robert Levy, Stephen W Patrick
OBJECTIVES: Nonmedical use of opioids during pregnancy is associated with adverse outcomes for women and infants, making it a prominent target for prevention and identification. Using a nationally representative sample, we determined characteristics of U.S. pregnant women who reported prescription opioid misuse in the past year or during the past month. METHODS: We used data from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (2005-2014) in a retrospective analysis...
March 31, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406348/motivations-for-using-mdma-ecstasy-molly-among-african-americans-implications-for-prevention-and-harm-reduction-programs
#20
Khary K Rigg
Despite the growing popularity of MDMA (ecstasy/molly) among African Americans, their motives for using the drug are still largely unknown. The purpose of this study was to identify and describe the most salient motivations for using MDMA among this understudied population. In-depth interviews (n = 15) were conducted with a sample of African American young adults in Southwest Florida between August 2014 and November 2015. The primary motivations for using MDMA included: (1) altering the effects of marijuana and alcohol; (2) lasting longer sexually; (3) enhancing sexual pleasure; and (4) facilitating "freaky" sexual experiences...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
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