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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934076/delayed-urinary-symptoms-induced-by-ketamine
#1
María Robles-Martínez, Alfonso C Abad, Violeta Pérez-Rodríguez, Elena Ros-Cucurull, Abderraman Esojo, Carlos Roncero
One of the side-effects of ketamine abuse is genito-urinary damage. This report describes a case of a former ketamine user who presented with urinary symptoms associated with ketamine years after stopping consumption. This was a 26-year-old male with a history of ketamine abuse. He started treatment for alcohol dependence at age 19. He smoked marijuana daily and denied any other drug use. During the follow-up, urinary symptoms were evidenced (dysuria, frequency, urgency, incontinence, nocturia, hematuria, and suprapubic pain)...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933976/the-social-context-of-adolescent-co-use-of-cigarillos-and-marijuana-blunts
#2
Elizabeth Antognoli, Sarah Koopman Gonzalez, Erika Trapl, David Cavallo, Rock Lim, Brittany Lavanty, Susan Flocke
BACKGROUND: The use of cigarillos for smoking as a tobacco product and for making marijuana blunts is increasing among adolescents. Previous research has documented the co-use of these products, however little is known about the contextual features that generate and sustain this practice. OBJECTIVE: This study aims for a deeper understanding of why and how co-use of cigarillos and marijuana blunts occurs. METHODS: Between December 2015 and April 2016, we conducted in-depth interviews with 30 adolescents aged 14-18 who reported smoking ≥1 cigarillo per week...
September 21, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933703/longitudinal-study-of-falls-among-hiv-infected-and-uninfected-women-the-role-of-cognition
#3
Anjali Sharma, Donald R Hoover, Qiuhu Shi, Susan Holman, Michael W Plankey, Phyllis C Tien, Kathleen M Weber, Michelle Floris-Moore, Hector H Bolivar, David E Vance, Elizabeth T Golub, Marcia McDonnell Holstad, Michael T Yin
BACKGROUND: Although fracture rates are higher in HIV+ than HIV- women, whether HIV infection increases risk of falls is unclear. We determined the longitudinal occurrence and risk factors for falls in the Women's Interagency HIV Study (WIHS), and explored associations with cognitive complaints. METHODS: Recent (prior 6 months) self-reported falls were collected in 1816 (1250 HIV+; 566 HIV-) women over 24 months. Generalized estimating equation models using stepwise selection determined odds of any fall (vs...
September 21, 2017: Antiviral Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932790/medical-marijuana-for-the-treatment-of-vismodegib-related-muscle-spasm
#4
Joyce T Yuan, Tiffany L Tello, Carter Hultman, Christopher A Barker, Sarah T Arron, Sue S Yom
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: JAAD Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930067/prenatal-exposure-effects-on-early-adolescent-substance-use-preliminary-evidence-from-a-genetically-informed-bayesian-approach
#5
L Cinnamon Bidwell, Kristine Marceau, Leslie A Brick, Hollis C Karoly, Alexandre A Todorov, Rohan H Palmer, Andrew C Heath, Valerie S Knopik
OBJECTIVE: Given the controversy surrounding the question of whether there are direct or causal effects of exposure to maternal smoking during pregnancy (SDP) on offspring outcomes such as substance use during the adolescent years, we sought to test, on a preliminary basis, within- and between-family associations of SDP and initiation of substance use early in adolescence (by age 15 years) using a discordant sibling design. METHOD: We used a sibling-comparison approach in a sample of 173 families drawn from the state of Missouri, wherein mothers were discordant for smoking behaviors between two different pregnancies, to test for associations of SDP and initiation of substance use in a younger adolescent cohort...
September 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930065/trends-in-perceived-access-to-marijuana-among-adolescents-in-the-united-states-2002-2015
#6
Christopher P Salas-Wright, Sehun Oh, Trenette Clark Goings, Michael G Vaughn
OBJECTIVE: There is concern that changes in marijuana-related policy and public opinion may lead to increased access to marijuana among young people in the United States. However, little research has been conducted on changes in youth's perceptions of marijuana access, and studies have yet to systematically examine trends in perceived access across key sociodemographic and externalizing behavioral subgroups. METHOD: Using population-based data collected between 2002 and 2015 as part of the National Survey on Drug Use and Health, we examined trends in perceived marijuana access among non-Hispanic White, African American, and Hispanic adolescents (ages 12-17, n = 221,412)...
September 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926679/medical-marijuana-in-pediatric-oncology-a-review-of-the-evidence-and-implications-for-practice
#7
REVIEW
Prasanna Ananth, Anne Reed-Weston, Joanne Wolfe
Medical marijuana (MM) has become increasingly legal at the state level and accessible to children with serious illness. Pediatric patients with cancer may be particularly receptive to MM, given purported benefits in managing cancer-related symptoms. In this review, we examine the evidence for MM as a supportive care agent in pediatric oncology. We describe the current legal status of MM, mechanism of action, common formulations, and potential benefits versus risks for pediatric oncology patients. We offer suggestions for how providers might approach MM requests...
September 19, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925799/factors-associated-with-marijuana-use-and-problems-among-college-students-in-colorado
#8
Kristina T Phillips, Michael M Phillips, Kerry D Duck
BACKGROUND: Past studies have shown that heavy marijuana use can impact student outcomes. Frequent use and misuse of marijuana have been associated with a range of psychological and personality factors in young adults, but there has been limited research focused on the college environment in states where marijuana has been legalized for recreational purposes. OBJECTIVES: We examined whether marijuana use and problems were associated with a range of demographic, personality, and psychological variables among college students at a midsized Colorado university...
September 19, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921405/cannabis-associated-asthma-and-allergies
#9
REVIEW
J M Chatkin, L Zani-Silva, I Ferreira, N Zamel
Inhalation of cannabis smoke is its most common use and the pulmonary complications of its use may be the single most common form of drug-induced pulmonary disease worldwide. However, the role of cannabis consumption in asthma patients and allergic clinical situations still remains controversial. To review the evidence of asthma and allergic diseases associated with the use of marijuana, we conducted a search of English, Spanish, and Portuguese medical using the search terms asthma, allergy, marijuana, marihuana, and cannabis...
September 18, 2017: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918484/drug-herb-interactions-in-the-elderly-patient-with-ibd-a-growing-concern
#10
REVIEW
Haider Rahman, Marina Kim, Galen Leung, Jesse A Green, Seymour Katz
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), which includes conditions such as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, is becoming more prevalent with the elderly being the fastest growing group. Parallel to this, there is an increasing interest in the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). Nearly half of patients with IBD have used CAM at one time. The elderly patients, however, are burdened by comorbid conditions, polypharmacy, and altered functional status. With increasing use of complementary and alternative medicine in our elderly patients with IBD, it is vital for the provider to provide counsel on drug-herb potential interactions...
September 16, 2017: Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917206/maternal-and-infant-outcomes-following-third-trimester-exposure-to-marijuana-in-opioid-dependent-pregnant-women-maintained-on-buprenorphine
#11
Alane B O'Connor, Brandon K Kelly, Liam M O'Brien
BACKGROUND: To determine whether maternal and infant outcomes are associated with exposure to marijuana during the third trimester in a population of opioid dependent pregnant women maintained on buprenorphine. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study of 191 maternal-infant dyads exposed to buprenorphine during pregnancy examines a variety of variables including gestational age, birthweight, method of delivery, Apgar scores at one and five minutes, duration of infant hospital stay, peak neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) score, duration of NAS and incidence of pharmacologic treatment of NAS in infants exposed to marijuana during the third trimester as compared to infants not exposed to marijuana during the third trimester...
September 7, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916143/violent-behavior-by-emergency-department-patients-with-an-involuntary-hold-status
#12
Nancy L Dawson, Christian Lachner, Tyler F Vadeboncoeur, Michael J Maniaci, Veronica Bosworth, Teresa A Rummans, Archana Roy, M Caroline Burton
BACKGROUND: Violence against health care workers has been increasing. Health care workers in emergency departments (EDs) are highly vulnerable because they provide care for patients who may have mental illness, behavioral problems, or substance use disorders (alone or in combination) and who are often evaluated during an involuntary hold. Our objective was to identify factors that may be associated with violent behavior in ED patients during involuntary holds. METHODS: Retrospective review of patients evaluated during an involuntary hold at a suburban acute care hospital ED from January 2014 through November 2015...
August 18, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915500/motives-for-simultaneous-alcohol-and-marijuana-use-among-young-adults
#13
Megan E Patrick, Anne M Fairlie, Christine M Lee
The majority of young adults who use alcohol and marijuana sometimes use the two substances simultaneously. Understanding why young adults engage in simultaneous alcohol and marijuana (SAM) use may inform interventions and help offset negative consequences. To date, research has not yet examined motives for SAM use. The current study tested a 26-item measure of motives for SAM use in a community sample of young adults to identify the factor structure and to evaluate associations of subscales of SAM motives with alcohol and marijuana motives and substance use...
August 31, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915073/internalized-homonegativity-and-substance-use-among-u-s-men-who-have-sex-with-men-only-msmo-and-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-women-msmw
#14
William L Jeffries, Oshea D Johnson
BACKGROUND: Internalized homonegativity may promote substance use among U.S. men who have sex with men only (MSMO) and men who have sex with men and women (MSMW). However, studies have produced mixed findings, used non-representative samples, and not adequately examined MSMW. OBJECTIVES: We investigated (1) internalized homonegativity in relation to substance use and (2) the extent of temporal change in internalized homonegativity among MSMO and MSMW. METHODS: Using merged 2002, 2006-2010, and 2011-2013 cycles of the National Survey of Family Growth-a nationally representative U...
September 15, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912635/profile-of-justice-involved-marijuana-and-other-substance-users-demographics-health-and-health-care-family-and-justice-system-experiences
#15
REVIEW
Nikki Freeman, Justin Landwehr, Tasseli McKay, James Derzon, Anupa Bir
Substance users are more likely to have co-occurring health problems, and this pattern is intensified among those involved with the criminal justice system. Interview data for 1977 incarcerated men in 5 states from the Multi-site Family Study on Incarceration, Parenting, and Partnering that was conducted between December 2008 and August 2011 were analyzed to compare pre-incarceration substance use patterns and health outcomes between men who primarily used marijuana, primarily used alcohol, primarily used other drugs, and did not use any illicit substances during that time...
2017: Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910232/characterizing-blunt-use-among-twitter-users-racial-ethnic-differences-in-use-patterns-and-characteristics
#16
LaTrice Montgomery, Kamonta Heidelburg, Cendrine Robinson
BACKGROUND: Young adult Twitter users are exposed to and often participate in tweets that promote risky behaviors, such as blunt use. Blunts are hollowed out cigars or cigarillos that are filled with marijuana. OBJECTIVES: The current study was designed to determine the use patterns and characteristics of African American, Hispanic and White young adult Twitter users who reported past month blunt use. METHODS: Young adults (N = 753, 74% male) who reported past month blunt use were recruited via Twitter to participate in a brief anonymous online survey about their blunt use...
September 14, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910186/applying-the-problem-behavior-theory-to-adolescent-drug-use-among-a-cross-sectional-sample-of-boys-participating-in-a-community-based-youth-organization
#17
Adam C Alexander, Christopher O Obong'o, Prachi Chavan, Mark W Vander Weg, Kenneth D Ward
BACKGROUND: Drug use remains an important public health concern in the United States, and understanding drug use among young adolescents is vital towards improving the health of the population. OBJECTIVE: This study applied the Problem Behavior Theory (PBT) to lifetime drug use among a cross-sectional sample of Boy Scouts (N = 770). The PBT provides a conceptual framework for identifying risk and protective factors for adolescent problem behaviors, including drug use...
September 14, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910182/consumers-perceptions-of-edible-marijuana-products-for-recreational-use-likes-dislikes-and-reasons-for-use
#18
Kristen C Giombi, Katherine M Kosa, Carrie Rains, Sheryl C Cates
BACKGROUND: Edible marijuana products have become extremely popular in states that have legalized marijuana for recreational use. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this research was to provide a better understanding of consumer perceptions of edible marijuana products, including why they prefer edibles relative to other forms of marijuana (e.g., smoking) and their concerns regarding the consumption of edibles. METHODS: We conducted eight focus groups (four groups in Denver, Colorado, and four groups in Seattle, Washington) in February 2016 with 62 adult consumers of edibles...
September 14, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906233/marijuana-use-and-perceptions-of-risk-and-harm-a-survey-among-canadians-in-2016
#19
Eldon Spackman, Rebecca Haines-Saah, Vishva M Danthurebandara, Laura E Dowsett, Tom Noseworthy, Fiona M Clement
OBJECTIVES: To describe marijuana use by Canadians and their perceptions of risk and harm. DESIGN: A cross-sectional, structured, online and telephone survey. PARTICIPANTS: A nationally representative sample of Canadians. METHODS: This survey used random probability sampling and targeted respondents based on age, sex, region and their expected response rate. RESULTS: Of the 20% of respondents reporting marijuana use in the past 12 months, they were more likely to be younger and male...
August 2017: Healthcare Policy, Politiques de Santé
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905873/cardiovascular-effects-of-marijuana-and-synthetic-cannabinoids-the-good-the-bad-and-the-ugly
#20
REVIEW
Pal Pacher, Sabine Steffens, György Haskó, Thomas H Schindler, George Kunos
Dysregulation of the endogenous lipid mediators endocannabinoids and their G-protein-coupled cannabinoid receptors 1 and 2 (CB1R and CB2R) has been implicated in a variety of cardiovascular pathologies. Activation of CB1R facilitates the development of cardiometabolic disease, whereas activation of CB2R (expressed primarily in immune cells) exerts anti-inflammatory effects. The psychoactive constituent of marijuana, Δ(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), is an agonist of both CB1R and CB2R, and exerts its psychoactive and adverse cardiovascular effects through the activation of CB1R in the central nervous and cardiovascular systems...
September 14, 2017: Nature Reviews. Cardiology
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