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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330028/perceptions-of-the-relative-harmfulness-of-marijuana-and-alcohol-among-adults-in-oregon
#1
Jane A Allen, Matthew C Farrelly, Jennifer C Duke, Kian Kamyab, James M Nonnemaker, Sarah Wylie, Lauren Dutra, Camille Gourdet
This study documents perceptions of the relative harmfulness of marijuana and alcohol to a person's health among adults in Oregon just before the first legal sales of marijuana for recreational use. We surveyed 1941 adults in Oregon in September 2015. Respondents were recruited using an address-based sampling (ABS) frame (n = 1314) and social media advertising (n = 627). Respondents completed paper surveys (ABS-mail, n = 388) or online surveys (ABS-online, n = 926; social media, n = 627)...
January 9, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329753/does-social-context-matter-an-ecological-momentary-assessment-study-of-marijuana-use-among-college-students
#2
Kristina T Phillips, Michael M Phillips, Trent L Lalonde, Mark A Prince
INTRODUCTION: Past research has shown that marijuana use occurs commonly in social situations for young adults, though few studies have examined the association between immediate social context and marijuana use patterns and associated problems. The current study examined the impact of demographics, marijuana use and problem use, alcohol use, craving, and social context on the likelihood of using marijuana with others via ecological momentary assessment (EMA). METHODS: College-student marijuana users (N=56) were recruited and completed a baseline assessment and training on the two-week signal-contingent EMA protocol...
January 4, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329382/adolescent-synthetic-cannabinoid-exposure-produces-enduring-changes-in-dopamine-neuron-activity-in-a-rodent-model-of-schizophrenia-susceptibility
#3
David D Aguilar, Andrea Giuffrida, Daniel J Lodge
Background: Epidemiological studies recognize cannabis intake as a risk factor for schizophrenia, yet the majority of adolescents who use marijuana do not develop psychosis. Similarly, the abuse of synthetic cannabinoids poses a risk for psychosis. For these reasons, it is imperative to understand the effects of adolescent cannabinoid exposure in susceptible individuals. Method: We have recently developed a novel rodent model of schizophrenia susceptibility, the F2 MAM rat, where only a proportion (~40%) of rats display a schizophrenia-like phenotype...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327809/the-prevalence-of-cannabinoid-hyperemesis-syndrome-among-regular-marijuana-smokers-in-an-urban-public-hospital
#4
Joseph Habboushe, Ada Rubin, Haoming Liu, Robert S Hoffman
Epidemiological data, including prevalence, for cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome (CHS) remain largely unknown. Without these data, clinicians often describe CHS as "rare" or "very rare" without supporting information. We seek to estimate the prevalence of CHS in a population of patients presenting to a socioeconomically and racially diverse urban Emergency Department of a public hospital. This study consisted of a questionnaire administered to a convenience sample of patients presenting to the ED of the oldest public hospital in the United States...
January 12, 2018: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325182/-cannabis-in-parkinson-s-disease-hype-or-help
#5
Tina Mainka, Jan Stork, Ute Hidding, Carsten Buhmann
Cannabis buds and extracts as well as synthetic cannabinoids have been available on prescription to patients with severe diseases since March 2017, with the costs covered by health insurance companies.The prescription of medical marihuana is not restricted to specific symptoms and is therefore also valid for patients with Parkinson's disease. From a legal perspective, patients who are seriously ill even have the right to be treated with cannabis if standard treatment methods are unsuccessful or result in unbearable side effects...
January 11, 2018: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324465/medical-marijuana-facts-and-questions
#6
Sushilkumar S Gupta, Vinod Namana, Paurush Ambesh, Sanjana Kapoor, Anna A Abbasi, Stephan L Kamholz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 8, 2018: American Journal of Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321937/marijuana-bong-pseudomonas-lung-infection-a-detrimental-recreational-experience
#7
Agni Nhirmal Kumar, Chun Ian Soo, Boon Hau Ng, Tidi Hassan, Andrea Yu-Lin Ban, Roslina Abdul Manap
The use of Cannabis sativa, also known as marijuana, is believed to have dated back to thousands of years B.C. More than 200 decades later, it remains a popular recreational psychoactive substance that can be smoked through a water pipe. We report a case of marijuana smoking via a "bong" device, which has resulted in severe Pseudomonas aeruginosa necrotizing pneumonia treated with conservative medical therapy. This case highlights the importance of recognizing that life-threatening pneumonia can potentially be linked to marijuana and "bong" usage...
February 2018: Respirology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319619/history-of-marijuana-use-does-not-affect-outcomes-on-the-liver-transplant-waitlist
#8
Prashant Kotwani, Varun Saxena, Jennifer L Dodge, John Roberts, Francis Yao, Bilal Hameed
BACKGROUND: Data are limited on marijuana use and its impact on liver transplant (LT) waitlist outcomes. We aimed to assess the risk of waitlist mortality/delisting and likelihood of LT among prior marijuana users, and to determine the prevalence and factors associated with marijuana use. METHODS: Retrospective cohort of adults evaluated for LT over 2 years at a large LT center. Marijuana use defined by self-report in psychosocial assessment and/or positive urine toxicology...
January 10, 2018: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318436/intrinsic-religiosity-and-health-risk-behaviours-among-black-university-students-in-limpopo-south-africa
#9
H M Pule, S Mashegoane, M S Makhubela
Not much is known about religiosity's protective role against health risk behaviour in the South African context. As such, the study investigated the relationship between intrinsic religiosity and health risk behaviours in a sample of Black university students (N = 335). Two-way ANOVA showed that there were intrinsic religiosity main effects for alcohol use and sexual behaviour, gender and intrinsic religiosity main effects on tobacco and marijuana use, and gender main effects and gender and intrinsic religiosity interaction effects for engagement in physical activity...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317409/sixty-seconds-on-marijuana-smoke
#10
Anne Gulland
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317146/momentary-factors-during-marijuana-use-as-predictors-of-lapse-during-attempted-abstinence-in-young-adults
#11
Lydia A Shrier, Vishnudas Sarda, Cassandra Jonestrask, Sion Kim Harris
INTRODUCTION: Young adults using marijuana heavily often try multiple times to quit on their own. We sought to identify momentary experiences during marijuana use that could aid in predicting lapse when young adults subsequently attempt abstinence. METHODS: Young adults (N=34) age 18-25 using marijuana ≥5days/week and planning to quit completed a survey of sociodemographic characteristics, substance use, marijuana expectancies, use motives, perceived social support, and confidence to abstain...
December 29, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315559/substance-use-through-adolescence-into-early-adulthood-after-childhood-diagnosed-adhd-findings-from-the-mta-longitudinal-study
#12
Brooke S G Molina, Andrea L Howard, James M Swanson, Annamarie Stehli, John T Mitchell, Traci M Kennedy, Jeffery N Epstein, L Eugene Arnold, Lily Hechtman, Benedetto Vitiello, Betsy Hoza
BACKGROUND: Inconsistent findings exist regarding long-term substance use (SU) risk for children diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The observational follow-up of the Multimodal Treatment Study of Children with ADHD (MTA) provides an opportunity to assess long-term outcomes in a large, diverse sample. METHODS: Five hundred forty-seven children, mean age 8.5, diagnosed with DSM-IV combined-type ADHD and 258 classmates without ADHD (local normative comparison group; LNCG) completed the Substance Use Questionnaire up to eight times from mean age 10 to mean age 25...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312837/recreational-marijuana-use-and-acute-myocardial-infarction-insights-from-nationwide-inpatient-sample-in-the-united-states
#13
Rupak Desai, Upenkumar Patel, Shobhit Sharma, Parth Amin, Rushikkumar Bhuva, Malav S Patel, Nitin Sharma, Manan Shah, Smit Patel, Sejal Savani, Neha Batra, Gautam Kumar
Background Marijuana is a widely used recreational substance. Few cases have been reported of acute myocardial infarction following marijuana use. To our knowledge, this is the first ever study analyzing the lifetime odds of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with marijuana use and the outcomes in AMI patients with versus without marijuana use. Methods We queried the 2010-2014 National Inpatient Sample (NIS) database for 11-70-year-old AMI patients. Pearson Chi-square test for categorical variables and Student T-test for continuous variables were used to compare the baseline demographic and hospital characteristics between two groups (without vs...
November 3, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311404/recreational-drug-and-psychosocial-profile-in-chronic-hepatitis-c-patients-seeking-antiviral-therapy
#14
Nayana George, Sherrie M Harrell, Kimberly D Rhodes, Andres Duarte-Rojo
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Practitioners treating hepatitis C (HCV) provide healthcare to a special population with high rates of substance abuse and psychiatric disorders. We investigated the psychosocial profile in HCV patients and tested what variables affect commencement of antiviral therapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Recreational drug use (RDU), marijuana (THC), alcohol use, and psychiatric history were initially investigated with a questionnaire prior to history and physical...
December 27, 2017: Annals of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311050/detecting-novel-and-emerging-drug-terms-using-natural-language-processing-a-social-media-corpus-study
#15
Sean S Simpson, Nikki Adams, Claudia M Brugman, Thomas J Conners
BACKGROUND: With the rapid development of new psychoactive substances (NPS) and changes in the use of more traditional drugs, it is increasingly difficult for researchers and public health practitioners to keep up with emerging drugs and drug terms. Substance use surveys and diagnostic tools need to be able to ask about substances using the terms that drug users themselves are likely to be using. Analyses of social media may offer new ways for researchers to uncover and track changes in drug terms in near real time...
January 8, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310077/characteristics-of-drug-use-among-pregnant-women-in-the-united-states-opioid-and-non-opioid-illegal-drug-use
#16
Verena E Metz, Qiana L Brown, Silvia S Martins, Joseph J Palamar
BACKGROUND: The opioid epidemic in the US is affecting pregnant women and their offspring, with rising numbers of maternal and neonatal treatment episodes. The aim of this study was to characterize pregnant drug users in order to inform intervention strategies based on sociodemographic, mental health, and substance use characteristics. METHODS: Data on pregnant women aged 18-44 reporting past-year, nonmedical opioid use or use of non-opioid illegal drugs (other than marijuana) were analyzed from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (2005-2014)...
December 27, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308966/the-interaction-between-punishment-sensitivity-and-effortful-control-for-emerging-adults-substance-use-behaviors
#17
Rachel E Kahn, Pearl H Chiu, Kirby Deater-Deckard, Anna K Hochgraf, Brooks King-Casas, Jungmeen Kim-Spoon
BACKGROUND: Within the dual systems perspective, high reward sensitivity and low punishment sensitivity in conjunction with deficits in cognitive control may contribute to high levels of risk taking, such as substance use. OBJECTIVE: The current study examined whether the individual components of effortful control (inhibitory control, attentional control, and activation control) serve as regulators and moderate the association between reward or punishment sensitivity and substance use behaviors...
January 8, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306816/-you-got-to-love-rosin-solventless-dabs-pure-clean-natural-medicine-exploring-twitter-data-on-emerging-trends-in-rosin-tech-marijuana-concentrates
#18
Francois R Lamy, Raminta Daniulaityte, Mussah Zatreh, Ramzi W Nahhas, Amit Sheth, Silvia S Martins, Edward W Boyer, Robert G Carlson
BACKGROUND: "Rosin tech" is an emerging solventless method consisting in applying moderate heat and constant pressure on marijuana flowers to prepare marijuana concentrates referred to as "rosin." This paper explores rosin concentrate-related Twitter data to describe tweet content and analyze differences in rosin-related tweeting across states with varying cannabis legal statuses. METHOD: English language tweets were collected between March 15, 2015 and April 17, 2017, using Twitter API...
December 27, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306170/early-age-at-childhood-parental-incarceration-and-sti-hiv-related-drug-use-and-sex-risk-across-the-young-adult-lifecourse-in-the-us-heightened-vulnerability-of-black-and-hispanic-youth
#19
Maria R Khan, Joy D Scheidell, David L Rosen, Amanda Geller, Laurie M Brotman
BACKGROUND: We measured associations between parental incarceration and STI/HIV-related drug use and sex risk, assessing differences by race, age at first parental incarceration, and potential mediators of the relationship. METHODS: We used Waves I (adolescence), III (young adulthood), and IV (adulthood) of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (n = 11,884) to measure associations between age of parental incarceration (never; <8; 8-17; ≥18 years old) and marijuana and cocaine use, multiple partnerships, and STI in adolescence and adulthood among white, Black, and Hispanic participants and assessed mediation by sexual and physical abuse, mental disorder symptoms, and drug use...
November 24, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303404/prevalence-of-substance-use-among-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-youth-in-military-families-findings-from-the-california-healthy-kids-survey
#20
Kris Tunac De Pedro, Holly Shim-Pelayo
BACKGROUND: In addition to the challenges associated with military life, lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth in military families may face stressors associated with having a stigmatized sexual orientation and/or gender identity or expression, placing them at risk of substance use. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first study exploring substance use outcomes among LGBT youth in military families. OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the role of military connection, LGB identity, and transgender identity on lifetime and past 30-day substance use...
January 5, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
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