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Uterine fibroids

Vander Borght Mélodie, Wyns Christine
Infertility is a disease characterized by the failure to establish a clinical pregnancy after 12 months of regular and unprotected sexual intercourse. It is estimated to affect between 8 and 12% of reproductive-aged couples worldwide. Males are found to be solely responsible for 20-30% of infertility cases but contribute to 50% of cases overall. Secondary infertility is the most common form of female infertility around the globe, often due to reproductive tract infections. The three major factors influencing the spontaneous probability of conception are the time of unwanted non-conception, the age of the female partner and the disease-related infertility...
March 16, 2018: Clinical Biochemistry
Sabrina Drexel, Daniel Tseng
Introduction: Primary peritonitis in healthy immunocompetent individuals is rare. Several case reports of Streptococcus species causing peritonitis have been described. Here, we present the first case of Mycoplasma hominis as the cause of primary peritonitis in a healthy woman. Case Report: A 42-year-old female with history of uterine fibroids was admitted with abdominal pain and intraperitoneal fluid of unknown etiology. She was initially managed nonoperatively and empirically treated with broad spectrum antibiotics...
2018: Case Reports in Surgery
Ceana H Nezhat, Samantha Pfeifer, Bala Bhagavath, Steven R Lindheim, John C Petrozza, Peter T K Chan, Steven F Palter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 14, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
Aloma L D'Souza, John R Chevillet, Pejman Ghanouni, Xinrui Yan, Muneesh Tewari, Sanjiv S Gambhir
We have previously shown that low frequency ultrasound can release biomarkers from cells into the murine circulation enabling an amplification and localization of the released biomarker that could be used as a blood-based method to detect cancer earlier and monitor therapy. In this study, we further demonstrate that this technique could be used for characterization of tumors and/or identification of cellular masses of unknown origin due to the release of multiple protein and nucleic acid biomarkers in cells in culture, mice and patients...
2018: PloS One
Erum Saleem Khan, Reeta Chander Parkash
Fibroid in pregnancy is common in clinical obstetric practice.There are conflicting reports in the literature on many so-called fibroid complications in pregnancy, and there are inadequate data on the optimum management strategy. We present a case of a pregnancy with large fibroid which was uneventful till delivery but ended in immediate postpartum complication of fibroid degenerating and prolapsing into vagina dealt with myomectomy at day 30 postnatal. Initially managed conservatively with intrauterine balloon tamponade and anaemia correction and discharged home...
March 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Gunjan Gupta, Rahul Sudan, Sabha Mushtaq
Cutaneous leiomyomas (CLs) are uncommon benign smooth muscle tumours characterised by solitary or multiple painful nodules. Based on origin, three types are recognised, namely piloleiomyoma, dartoic leiomyoma, and angioleiomyoma, with piloleiomyomas being the commonest one. Reed's syndrome also known as multiple cutaneous and uterine leiomyomatosis (MCULs) is characterised by CLs in men and CLs and uterine fibroids in women. Association of Reed's syndrome with renal cell carcinoma is labelled as hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell carcinoma (HLRCC)...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Natalie Woodhead, Rachel Pounds, Shirin Irani, Poonam Pradhan
Ulipristal acetate (UPA), is a selective progesterone-receptor modulator, it decreases fibroid size and reduces menstrual bleeding. We reviewed its use at the Heart of England Foundation Trust (HEFT), one of the largest prescribing trusts in the UK. The electronic records of patients treated with UPA from January 2013 to August 2015 were reviewed. One hundred and thirty four patients received UPA, 20 women (15%) received a second course. Eighty percent reported subjective global improvements in symptoms after the first course; 45...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Michał Ciebiera, Marta Włodarczyk, Małgorzata Wrzosek, Aneta Słabuszewska-Jóźwiak, Grażyna Nowicka, Grzegorz Jakiel
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and compare transforming growth factor β3 (TGF-β3) serum concentration in patients with uterine fibroids (UFs) without hormone treatment, treated with ulipristal acetate (UPA), and controls; to evaluate TGF-β3 concentrations in UF tissue in patients without hormone treatment and those treated with UPA; and to evaluate the correlations of age and body mass index (BMI) with TGF-β3 serum and UF tissue levels between the groups. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study...
March 7, 2018: Fertility and Sterility
Bilgin Keserci, Nguyen Minh Duc
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the role of magnetic resonance imaging parameters in predicting the treatment outcome of high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) ablation of uterine fibroids with a nonperfused volume (NPV) ratio of at least 90%. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 120 women who underwent HIFU treatment were divided into groups 1 (n = 72) and 2 (n = 48), comprising patients with an NPV ratio of at least 90% and less than 90%, respectively...
March 7, 2018: Academic Radiology
Zhaojun Shen, Saisai Li, Bo Sheng, Qi Shen, Lu-Zhe Sun, Haiyan Zhu, Xueqiong Zhu
BACKGROUND: Medical therapeutic options remain quite limited for uterine fibroids treatment. Statins, competitive inhibitors of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase, have anti-tumoral effects on multiple cancer types, however, little is known about their effects on uterine fibroids. METHODS: Initially, we conducted a retrospective study of 120 patients with uterine fibroids and hyperlipidemia from the Second Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Translational Medicine
Tamara N Kruse, Michelle R Bowman, Jan C Ramer, Melissa A Fayette, Leah L Greer, Cynthia K Stadler, Michael M Garner, Jeffry S Proudfoot
Uterine lesions in two orangutans were effectively managed with surgical intervention. A 26-year-old hybrid orangutan ( Pongo spp.) was diagnosed with uterine adenomyosis based on advanced imaging. Histologic evaluation identified multifocal myometrial endometriosis, a variant of adenomyosis. A 27-year-old Bornean orangutan ( Pongo pygmaeus) was diagnosed with a focal uterine fibroid based on histologic examination. The animals were housed at separate institutions and initially presented with dysmenorrhea and menorrhagia...
March 2018: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
Dirk Schnapauff, Manon Russ, Thomas Kröncke, Matthias David
PURPOSE:  Purpose of this paper to present results of a group of 21 consecutive patients who underwent uterine artery embolization (UAE) immediately before myomectomy. Surgical myomectomy can lead to a substantial blood loss in case of large or multiple tumors due to the hypervascularization of the tumors. This may lead to multiple blood transfusion or hysterectomy. In cases were the preservation of the uterus is demanded, pre-operative embolization could reduce the risk of substantial bleeding...
March 7, 2018: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
J Knez, E Saridogan, T Van Den Bosch, D Mavrelos, G Ambler, D Jurkovic
STUDY QUESTION: What would be a potential impact of implementing the new ESHRE/European Society of Gynaecological Endoscopy (ESGE) female genital anomalies classification system on the management of women with previous diagnosis of arcuate uteri based on the modified American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM) criteria? SUMMARY ANSWER: A significant number of women with previous diagnosis of arcuate uteri are reclassified as having partial septate uteri according to the new ESHRE/ESGE classification system which may increase the number of remedial surgical procedures...
March 5, 2018: Human Reproduction
Anna Maria Ierardi, Valeria Savasi, Salvatore Alessio Angileri, Mario Petrillo, Sara Sbaraini, Antonio Pinto, Francesco Hanozet, Anna Maria Marconi, Gianpaolo Carrafiello
Uterine fibroids are the most common benign pelvic tumor of the female genital tract and tend to increase with age; they cause menorrhagia, dysmenorrhea, pelvic pressure symptoms, back pain, and subfertility. Currently, the management is based mainly on medical or surgical approaches. The nonsurgical and minimally invasive therapies are emerging approaches that to the state of the art include uterine artery embolization (UAE), image-guided thermal ablation techniques like magnetic resonance-guided focused ultrasound surgery (MRgFUS) or radiofrequency ablation (RF), and percutaneous microwave ablation (PMWA)...
2018: BioMed Research International
V Regász, V Boháč, J Rychnovský
AIM: To present a case of a woman diagnosed with intravenous leiomyomatosis of the uterus. TYPE OF STUDY: Case report. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Středomoravská nemocniční a.s., Přerov Hospital. CASE REPORT: A 39-year old woman was referred to our unit with uterine fibroids, dysfunctional uterine bleeding and anaemia. Abdominal hysterectomy was performed. The histopathological analysis diagnosed the presence of intravenous leiomyomatosis...
2018: Ceská Gynekologie
Thierry Van den Bosch, Dominique Van Schoubroeck
Transvaginal ultrasonography has become the primary test in the diagnosis of pelvic endometriosis and adenomyosis. A review of the literature on the diagnostic accuracy of ultrasonography in pelvic endometriosis and adenomyosis, as well as a comparison with magnetic resonance imaging, will be presented. Criteria for diagnosis of an endometrioma according to robust prospective data together with guidelines as to adequate reporting of the location of deep infiltrating endometriosis will be given. The sonographic features of adenomyosis including the differential diagnosis between focal adenomyosis and a uterine fibroid are reviewed...
February 14, 2018: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Na Yin, Liang Hu, Zhi-Bo Xiao, Chang Liu, Wen-Zhi Chen, Neil Roberts, Jin-Yun Chen, Zhi-Biao Wang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the factors which may cause thermal injury of abdominal wall structures in ultrasound-guided high-intensity focussed ultrasound (USgHIFU) ablation of uterine fibroids. METHOD: A total of 892 patients with uterine fibroids diagnosed on contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans received HIFU ablation and follow-up MRI scanning. After therapy, thermal injury to the skin was assessed via measurement of skin redness, blisters, subcutaneous nodules and to the abdominal wall structures via measurement of signal intensity on T2-weighted MRI images...
March 5, 2018: International Journal of Hyperthermia
Ying-Yuan Chen, Ching-Lan Wu, Shu-Huei Shen
BACKGROUND: The diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) signals of the female pelvic bone marrow show great variability and are usually high in female patients with fibroid-associated symptoms and anemia. PURPOSE: To ascertain clinical factors contributing to high signal intensity in the bone marrow of the female pelvis on DWI. STUDY TYPE: Retrospective case-control study. SUBJECTS: A single-institution review of 221 female patients underwent a pelvic magnetic resonance study from December 2012 to July 2014...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
Feifei Qu, Pei-Herng Hor, John Fischer, Raja Muthupillai
BACKGROUND: Diminished signal intensity of uterine fibroids in T2 -weighted images is routinely used as a qualitative marker of fibroid hypoperfusion. However, quantitative classification of fibroid perfusion with intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) model-based metrics is not yet clinically accepted. PURPOSE: To investigate the influence of T2 correction on the estimation of IVIM model parameters for characterizing uterine fibroid tissue. STUDY TYPE: Prospective...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
Silvia Baggio, Paola Pomini, Fabiana Galeone, Francesca Presti, Lorenza Santi, Ricciarda Raffaelli, Massimo Franchi
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the modifications of uterine and fibroid volume, to study Doppler changes in uterine arteries and fibroid-supplying vessels, and to assess possible symptomatic relief after 3 months of treatment with ulipristal acetate. METHODS: Forty-two premenopausal women with symptomatic fibroids were included in the study. They were evaluated clinically for the symptoms reported and underwent ultrasound examinations before starting treatment and after 3 months of therapy with ulipristal acetate...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
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