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Uterine fibroids

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429602/endoscopic-treatment-of-symptomatic-fibroids-at-reproductive-age-and-beyond
#1
Khulkar Abdusattarova, Liselotte Mettler, Ibrahim Alkatout, Astrid Dempfle
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the feasibility of endoscopic treatment of symptomatic uterine fibroids based on patient and fibroid characteristics in reproductive, pre-menopausal and post-menopausal women. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The medical records of women with symptomatic uterine fibroids who underwent surgical procedures from 2010 to 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: A total of 819 patients, of which 710 (86.6%) underwent endoscopic procedures...
April 21, 2017: Minimally Invasive Therapy & Allied Technologies: MITAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422387/should-we-be-putting-our-scalpel-down-is-hifu-the-answer-to-fertility-sparing-fibroid-treatment
#2
Nicola Tempest, Dharani Hapangama
Despite HIFU being a fertility sparing, outpatient procedure reported to be safe and effective in treating patients with fibroids for 15 years (Wang et al. Zhonghua Chao Sheng Ying Xiang Xue Za Zhi 2002; 11:161-63); approved by the FDA in America in 2004; and seen to have similar cost-effectiveness as all other uterine preserving treatments; it is currently only available in two private treatment centers and on a case by case basis on the NHS in the UK and not consistently covered by any major US insurance company...
April 19, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421665/evaluation-of-hifu-ablation-for-uterine-fibroids-an-ideal-prospective-exploration-study
#3
Jinyun Chen, Youping Li, Zhibiao Wang, Peter McCulloch, Liang Hu, Wenzhi Chen, Guanjian Liu, Jing Li, Jinghe Lang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical outcomes of High intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) and surgery in treating uterine fibroids, and prepare for a definitive randomised trial. DESIGN: Prospective multicentre patient choice cohort study (IDEAL Exploratory study) of HIFU, myomectomy or hysterectomy for treating symptomatic uterine fibroids. SETTING: 20 Chinese hospitals. POPULATION OR SAMPLE: 2411 Chinese women with symptomatic fibroids...
April 19, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413041/defining-cervical-elongation-a-prospective-observational-study
#4
Patrick A Nosti, Robert E Gutman, Cheryl B Iglesia, Amy J Park, Eshetu Tefera, Andrew I Sokol
OBJECTIVES: Our primary aim was to define cervical elongation (CE) using the following methods: (1) measurement of pathology specimen, (2) physician perception, (3) intraoperative estimate of anterior cervical length, and (4) office Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification (POP-Q) points C and D. Our secondary aim was to determine whether these definitions correlate with perioperative outcomes. METHODS: Women undergoing vaginal hysterectomy and prolapse repair were enrolled...
April 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406809/hysteroscopy-for-abnormal-uterine-bleeding-and-fibroids
#5
Lindsey N Valentine, Linda D Bradley
Operative hysteroscopy is a safe and effective minimally invasive treatment option for submucosal and intramural leiomyomas. We discuss preoperative evaluation, fluid management, postoperative complications, preventative measures, and hysteroscopic outcomes. Technical instructions and tips for successful hysteroscopy, as well as the various equipment options most commonly utilized in the United States, are also reviewed.
June 2017: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403922/place-of-ulipristal-acetate-in-the-management-of-uterine-fibroids-preoperative-treatment-or-sequential-treatment
#6
A-G Pourcelot, P Capmas, H Fernandez
Symptomatic uterine fibroids affect 25% of women of childbearing potential and are responsible for various symptoms, mainly menometrorrhagia, pelvic pain and infertility. No currently available medical treatment is able to eradicate fibroids. Two treatments are indicated preoperatively to reduce bleeding and decrease the size of fibroids: GnRH agonists and ulipristal acetate. Ulipristal acetate, a selective progesterone receptor modulator, exerts an antagonist effect on fibroid tissue, inducing apoptosis. It rapidly induces amenorrhoea (after an average of seven days of treatment) and reduces fibroid volume...
March 2017: J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400352/frequency-of-uterine-sarcomas-in-patients-admitted-for-uterine-fibroids-surgery
#7
Liselotte Mettler, Nicolai Maass, Khulkar Abdusattarova, Astrid Dempfle, Ibrakhim Alkatout
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the frequency of unsuspected uterine sarcoma identified postoperatively in women undergoing surgery for presumed benign uterine fibroids at the single-center university hospital. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a retrospective single-center study; the records of all 2,275 patients with uterine fibroids and uterine sarcomas from 2003 to 2015 were reviewed. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze demographic and clinical characteristics. To calculate confidence intervals (CIs), the exact Clopper-Pearson method was applied...
February 7, 2017: Journal of the Turkish German Gynecological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399866/evaluating-the-role-of-race-and-medication-in-protection-of-uterine-fibroids-by-type-2-diabetes-exposure
#8
Digna R Velez Edwards, Katherine E Hartmann, Melissa Wellons, Anushi Shah, Hua Xu, Todd L Edwards
BACKGROUND: Uterine fibroids (UF) affect 77% of women by menopause, and account for $9.4 billion in annual healthcare costs. Type-2-diabetes (T2D) has inconsistently associated with protection from UFs in prior studies. To further evaluate the relationship between T2D and UFs we tested for association between T2D and UF risk in a large clinical population as well as the potential differences due to T2D medications and interaction with race. METHODS: This nested case-control study is derived from a clinical cohort...
April 11, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397200/impact-of-pelvic-magnetic-resonance-imaging-findings-in-the-indication-of-uterine-artery-embolization-in-the-treatment-of-myoma
#9
Norma Maria Tenório Brito Pires, Emmanuelle Tenório Godoi, Dinaldo Cavalcanti Oliveira, Simone Cristina Soares Brandão, Carlos Coutinho Abath, Pedro Pires, Edward Araujo Júnior
OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of pelvic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in the indication for uterine-artery embolization in women with fibroids, as well as the correlation between MRI and ultrasound (US) examinations for diagnosing adenomyosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective observational study was performed through the analysis of the medical records of 263 women referred for uterine-artery embolization as treatment for fibroids after undergoing US and MRI examinations...
2017: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357157/a-new-paradigm-for-uterine-fibroid-treatment-transcervical-intrauterine-sonography-guided-radiofrequency-ablation-of-uterine-fibroids-with-the-sonata-system
#10
REVIEW
David B Toub
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article provides the current evidence related to transcervical radiofrequency ablation of uterine fibroids under integrated intrauterine sonography guidance (the Sonata System). RECENT FINDINGS: Published data on the treatment of fibroids with the Sonata System has demonstrated significant median reductions in total (73.3%) and perfused (73.3%) uterine fibroid volume, menstrual bleeding (72.3%), symptom severity (62.5%), and improvements in health-related quality of life (127%) at 12 months post-ablation...
2017: Current Obstetrics and Gynecology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353387/recent-developments-in-surgical-pathology-of-the-uterine-corpus
#11
REVIEW
Krisztina Z Hanley, George G Birdsong, Marina B Mosunjac
There have been several updates recently on the classification of uterine tumors. Endometrial carcinomas have traditionally been divided into 2 types, but some are difficult to classify and do not fit readily into either of the currently recognized categories. The Cancer Genome Atlas Research Network has recently defined 4 new categories of endometrial cancer on the basis of mutational spectra, copy number alteration, and microsatellite instability, which might provide independent prognostic information beyond established risk factors...
April 2017: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350728/an-unusual-case-of-right-upper-quadrant-pain-in-a-pregnant-woman
#12
Veena Modayil, Mathew Nelson, Brendon Stankard
Uterine fibroids occur in up to 30% of women of reproductive age and can cause complications during pregnancy that can harm mother and fetus, such as prematurity and increased risk of miscarriage. This article describes a pregnant woman whose abdominal pain was diagnosed as degenerating uterine fibroids.
April 2017: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341966/efficacy-of-single-dose-gonadotropin-releasing-hormone-agonist-administration-prior-to-magnetic-resonance-guided-focused-ultrasound-surgery-for-symptomatic-uterine-fibroids
#13
Hyun Park, Sang Wook Yoon
PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of a single-dose GnRHa on the thermal ablation of MRgFUS in women with symptomatic fibroids. MATERIALS AND METHOD: In this pilot study, a single-dose GnRHa was administered in 17 patients with a total of 20 fibroids. Volume and scaled signal intensity (SSI) as an objective marker of fluid contents were prospectively followed up with serial MR scans. The control group of 17 patients with 19 fibroids were retrospectively enrolled and compared with GnRHa group in terms of non-perfused volume (NPV) and thermal dosimetry to assess the efficiency of thermal ablation...
March 24, 2017: La Radiologia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338206/impact-and-clinical-significance-of-embosphere-microsphere-artery-embolization-therapy-in-serum-vegf-expression-level-of-women-patients-with-uterine-fibroids
#14
H-X Ge, W Xu, D-Q Du, A-J Wang
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the effect of Embosphere microsphere artery embolization on the serum level of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in patients with uterine fibroid. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From March 2014 to December 2015, 128 women in child-bearing age with uterine intramural fibroids were enrolled in the patient group. At the same time, 128 healthy cases in child-bearing age were randomly selected and enrolled in the control group. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to measure the serum level of VEGF, and immunohistochemical staining method was used to study the expression of VEGF in the uterine fibroids...
March 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337095/routine-saline-infusion-sonohysterography-prior-to-assisted-conception-a-review-of-our-initial-experience
#15
G Obajimi, B Ogunkinle
Saline infusion sonohysterography has been employed to evaluate the uterine cavity prior to commencement of assisted conception.Intra-uterine lesions play an important role in the outcome of assisted conception procedures. A descriptive retrospective study of 760 patients who had saline infusion sonohysterography prior to assisted conception, between January 2008 and December, 2010. Forty-six percent of the patients had intra-uterine pathologies. Submucous fibroids accounted for almost half (48.57%) of the pathologies, followed by adhesions (28...
December 2016: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332865/the-association-between-ultrasound-estimated-visceral-fat-deposition-and-uterine-fibroids-an-observational-study
#16
Andrea Ciavattini, Giovanni Delli Carpini, Lorenzo Moriconi, Nicolò Clemente, Francesca Orici, Anna Chiara Boschi, Nina Montik, Laura Mazzanti
Uterine fibroids are the most common neoplasm of the genital tract in reproductive women. Obesity holds a role as risk factor for uterine fibroids, through hormonal and inflammatory mechanisms. Visceral fat is a hormonally active tissue, so an increase in visceral fat may be considered as a risk factor, through the increased production of inflammatory mediators. The aim of the study was, therefore, to evaluate the association between the presence of uterine fibroids and fat tissue distribution, and to assess the efficacy of both anthropometric and instrumental indicators, in particular the sonographic measurement of preperitoneal fat thickness (PFT) and subcutaneous fat thickness (SFT)...
March 23, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324020/paracrine-pathways-in-uterine-leiomyoma-stem-cells-involve-insulin-like-growth-factor-2-and-insulin-receptor-a
#17
Molly B Moravek, Ping Yin, John S Coon V, Masanori Ono, Stacy A Druschitz, Saurabh S Malpani, Matthew T Dyson, Alfred W Rademaker, Jared C Robins, Jian-Jun Wei, J Julie Kim, Serdar E Bulun
Context: Uterine leiomyoma (fibroids) are the most common benign tumor in women. Recently, three populations of leiomyoma cells were discovered based on CD34 and CD49b expression, but the molecular differences between these populations remain unknown. Objective: Define differential gene expression and signaling pathways in leiomyoma cell populations. Design: Cells from human leiomyoma were sorted by flow cytometry into three populations: CD34+/CD49b+, CD34+/CD49b-, and CD34-/CD49b-...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321542/evaluation-of-changes-in-sexual-function-related-to-uterine-fibroid-embolization-ufe-results-of-the-efuzen-study
#18
Hélène Vernhet Kovacsik, Denis Herbreteau, Sébastien Bommart, Jean-Paul Beregi, Jean-Michel Bartoli, Marc Sapoval
OBJECTIVES: The main goal of the study was to evaluate sexual function before and one year after UFE. The secondary goals were to evaluate the quality of life before and one year after UFE and to determine the relation of imaging findings (MRI data) before and 3-6 months after UFE to changes in sexual function and quality of life. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Study design: a prospective, multicenter (25 centers) observational study was conducted. PATIENTS: a total of 264 consecutive symptomatic women undergoing UFE using Embozene® (Celonova) from March 2012 to May 2013 were enrolled...
March 20, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318365/effects-of-tgf-%C3%AE-on-uterine-fibroids-of-women-of-childbearing-age-and-uterine-artery-embolization
#19
Tao Shen, Hongjian Shi, Qiang Xu, Qian Song, Yuanfen Xu, Youhua Huang
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) on uterine fibroids of women of childbearing age and uterine artery embolization (UAE) using Embosphere microspheres. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 128 eligible women were randomly divided into an experimental group and a control group (n = 64) who received UAE using Embosphere microspheres and panhysterectomy, respectively. Another 128 healthy women receiving physical examination in the same period were also enrolled...
March 20, 2017: Minimally Invasive Therapy & Allied Technologies: MITAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301630/translation-and-validation-of-the-uterine-fibroid-symptom-and-quality-of-life-ufs-qol-questionnaire-for-the-brazilian-portuguese-language
#20
Luiz Gustavo Oliveira Brito, Daniela Alves Malzone-Lott, Mayra Fernanda Sandoval Fagundes, Pedro Sérgio Magnani, Mariana Alves Fernandes Arouca, Omero Benedicto Poli-Neto, Antônio Alberto Nogueira
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Uterine fibroids (UF), also known as leiomyomas, are the most prevalent gynecological tumors. The Uterine Fibroid Symptoms and Quality of Life (UFS-QOL) is the only specific questionnaire that assesses symptom intensity and quality-of-life issues for women with symptomatic UF; however, it only exists in the English language. Thus, we aimed to translate and culturally validate the UFS-QOL questionnaire for the Brazilian Portuguese language. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, FMRP-USP...
March 13, 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
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