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Uterine fibroids

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908602/kisspeptin-and-embryo-implantation-after-icsi
#1
Zehra Jamil, Syeda Sadia Fatima, Sara Arif, Faiza Alam, Rehana Rehman
A cross-sectional study was carried out at the Australian Concept Infertility Medical Centre from June 2014 to June 2015 to relate serum kisspeptin levels on human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG) day with pregnancy outcome after intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). A total of 176 women aged 20 to 42 years, with regular menstrual cycles, normal thyroid function and prolactin levels selected for ICSI were included in the study. Patients with uterine fibroids, metabolic disorders, short agonist and antagonist protocol were excluded...
November 18, 2016: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900095/intravenous-leiomyomatosis-with-right-atrium-extension-in-two-patients-a-case-report
#2
Lianxue Zhang, Yang Duan, Fulin Song, Junrui Xiao, Benqiang Yang
Intravenous leiomyomatosis (IVL) is a rare benign tumor of the uterus mesoderm, which can spread via the vein, from the micro-vein to the inferior vena cava, and even to the right atrium. IVL was first described this disease in 1896 and the first presented case of IVL with right atrium extension in the autopsy was described in 1907. On rare occasions, the tumors may extend into the regional and systemic veins, thus reaching the heart. This may subsequently cause intracardiac leiomyomatosis (ICL), which may lead to congestive heart failure and on occasion, sudden fatalities...
November 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898669/postoperative-quality-of-life-and-sexual-function-in-premenopausal-women-undergoing-laparoscopic-myomectomy-for-symptomatic-fibroids-a-prospective-observational-cohort-study
#3
Julia Caroline Radosa, Christoph Georg Radosa, Russalina Mavrova, Stefan Wagenpfeil, Amr Hamza, Ralf Joukhadar, Sascha Baum, Maria Karsten, Ingolf Juhasz-Boess, Erich-Franz Solomayer, Marc Philipp Radosa
INTRODUCTION: Uterine leiomyomas are the most common benign gynecologic tumors. To date laparoscopy myomectomy is the gold standard for treatment of symptomatic fibroids in reproductive-aged women. Detailed counseling about the effects of this procedure on postoperative sexuality and quality of life is important in these patients. However, available data on these subjects are limited and contradictory. The aim of this study was to assess sexual function and quality of life in premenopausal women undergoing laparoscopic myomectomy for symptomatic uterine fibroids...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898340/real-world-data-of-1473-patients-treated-with-ulipristal-acetate-for-uterine-fibroids-premya-study-results
#4
Hervé Fernandez, Torsten Schmidt, Martin Powell, Ana Patrícia Freitas Costa, Pablo Arriagada, Christian Thaler
OBJECTIVES: To characterize and describe treatment with Ulipristal acetate (UPA) in a pre-operative setting and to evaluate the safety, effectiveness, and Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) outcomes in a population treated according to standard clinical practice in the EU. STUDY DESIGN: Multi-centre, prospective, non-interventional study (PREMYA) of patients diagnosed with moderate to severe symptoms of uterine fibroids and undergoing a pre-operative treatment with UPA (Esmya(®)) at 73 clinical practice sites within the EU...
November 19, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898339/dietary-phytochemicals-for-possible-preventive-and-therapeutic-option-of-uterine-fibroids-signaling-pathways-as-target
#5
REVIEW
Md Soriful Islam, James H Segars, Mario Castellucci, Pasquapina Ciarmela
A growing interest has emerged on dietary phytochemicals to control diverse pathological conditions. Unfortunately, dietary phytochemical research in uterine fibroids is still under construction. Uterine fibroids/leiomyomas are benign tumors developing from the myometrium of the uterus in premenopausal women. They may occur in more than 70% of women, and approximately 25% of women show clinically significant symptoms. These include heavy and prolonged menstrual bleeding, pelvic pressure (urinary frequency, incontinence, and difficulty with urination), pelvic pain, pelvic mass, infertility, and reproductive dysfunction...
October 20, 2016: Pharmacological Reports: PR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891404/is-there-any-impact-of-copper-intrauterine-device-on-female-sexual-functioning
#6
Sezen Bozkurt Koseoglu, Ruya Deveer, Melike Nur Akin, Ali Sami Gurbuz, Burcu Kasap, Huri Guvey
INTRODUCTION: Intrauterine Device (IUD) is the most preferred modern contraceptive method in Turkey. Female Sexual Dysfunction (FSD) is defined as lack of one or more of the components in the sexual response cycle which includes sexual desire, impaired arousal and inability achieving an orgasm or pain with intercourse. FSD has multi-factorial aetiology. Advanced age and menopause, fatigue and stress, psychiatric and neurologic disease, childbirth, pelvic floor or bladder dysfunction, endometriosis, uterine fibroids, hypertension obesity, medication and substances, hormonal contraceptives, relationship factors are known risk factors for FSD...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885348/should-prophylactic-anticoagulation-be-considered-with-large-uterine-leiomyoma-a-case-series-and-literature-review
#7
Mohamed A Satti, Carmen Paredes Saenz, Rubin Raju, Sierra Cuthpert, Abed Kanzy, Sina Abhari, John Hebert Iii, Frederico G Rocha
Introduction. Uterine leiomyomas, also called uterine fibroids or myomas, are the most common pelvic tumors in women. They are very rarely the cause of acute complications. However, when complications occur they cause significant morbidity and mortality. Thromboembolic disease has been described as a rare complication of uterine leiomyomas. DVT is a serious illness, sometimes causing death due to acute PE. Cases. We report a case series of 3 patients with thromboembolic disease associated with uterine leiomyoma at Hurley Medical Center, Flint, Michigan, during 2015 and conduct a literature review on the topic...
2016: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884853/gyejibongneyong-hwan-a-herbal-medicine-for-the-treatment-of-dysmenorrhoea-with-uterine-fibroids-a-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Jeeyoun Jung, Ju Ah Lee, Mi Mi Ko, Sooseong You, Eunhee Lee, Jiae Choi, Byoung-Kab Kang, Myeong Soo Lee
INTRODUCTION: Gyejibongneyong-hwan (GBH), or the Guizhi Fuling Formula in Chinese, is widely used to treat uterine fibroids in East Asian countries including Korea, China and Japan. This study will assess the efficacy and safety of the GBH formula for the treatment of dysmenorrhoea. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This study will be a randomised double-blind controlled trial with two parallel arms: the GBH group and the placebo group. This trial will recruit 38 women between 18 and 45 years of age with secondary dysmenorrhoea with uterine fibroids...
November 24, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881998/a-comparative-study-on-the-effects-of-mri-and-ct-guided-interventional-therapies-on-uterine-fibroids
#9
Yongxu Mu, Ruiqiang Yan, Junfeng He, Xiaoyan Hu, Qiming Li, Haiyan Liu
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of MRI- and CT-guided interventional therapies on uterine fibroids. METHODS: A total of 280 patients with uterine fibroids who were treated in our hospital from August 2008 to February 2014 were selected and divided into a treatment group and a control group by random draw (n=140). The control group and the treatment group were subjected to CT- and MRI-guided interventional therapies for uterine artery embolization. RESULTS: After three months of treatment, 94...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872351/uterine-fibroid-embolization-with-acrylamido-polyvinyl-microspheres-prospective-12-month-clinical-and-mri-follow-up-study
#10
Stevo Duvnjak, Pernille Ravn, Anders Green, Poul Erik Andersen
BACKGROUND: Uterine fibroid embolization (UFE) is an effective minimally invasive treatment aimed to obtain complete fibroid infarction. PURPOSE: To evaluate the degree of fibroid infarction after embolization with acrylamido polyvinyl alcohol microspheres (Bead Block). MATERIAL AND METHODS: This prospective study included 26 pre-menopausal women in the period October 2013 to January 2015. UFE with the use of Bead Block microspheres 700-900 µm was obtained until flow stasis was achieved...
November 21, 2016: Acta Radiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872195/estrogen-receptors-and-signaling-in-fibroids-role-in-pathobiology-and-therapeutic-implications
#11
Mostafa A Borahay, Mehmet R Asoglu, Aymara Mas, Sarah Adam, Gokhan S Kilic, Ayman Al-Hendy
Uterine fibroids are the most common gynecologic tumors with a significant medical and financial burden. Several genetic, hormonal, and biological factors have been shown to contribute to the development and growth of fibroid tumors. Of these factors, estrogen is particularly critical since fibroids are considered estrogen dependent because no prepubertal cases have been described in the literature and tumors tend to regress after menopause. Understanding the role of estrogen in fibroids is not only important for understanding the pathobiology of fibroids but also for the development of successful therapeutics...
November 20, 2016: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871850/er%C3%AE-inhibited-myocardin-induced-differentiation-in-uterine-fibroids
#12
Xing-Hua Liao, Jun-Yan Li, Xiu-Mei Dong, Xiuhong Wang, Yuan Xiang, Hui Li, Cheng-Xi Yu, Jia-Peng Li, Bai-Yin Yuan, Jun Zhou, Tong-Cun Zhang
Uterine fibroids, also known as uterine leiomyomas, are a benign tumor of the human uterus and the commonest estrogen-dependent benign tumor found in women. Myocardin is an important transcriptional regulator in smooth and cardiac muscle development. The role of myocardin and its relationship with ERα in uterine fibroids have barely been addressed. We noticed that the expression of myocardin was markedly reduced in human uterine fibroid tissue compared with corresponding normal or adjacent myometrium tissue...
November 18, 2016: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867814/the-assessment-of-myometrium-perfusion-in-patients-with-uterine-fibroid-by-arterial-spin-labeling-mri
#13
Nozomi Takahashi, Osamu Yoshino, Osamu Hiraike, Eriko Maeda, Masanobu Nakamura, Masaaki Hori, Miyuki Harada, Kaori Koga, Shigeru Saito, Tomoyuki Fujii, Yutaka Osuga
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that an inadequate blood supply caused by uterine fibroids may lead to decreasing fertility. Therefore, a quantitative evaluation of blood flow in the uterus might be a good tool for infertility treatments. For the first step, the ability to perform arterial spin labeling (ASL)-MRI in pelvic organs was examined by measuring blood flow in the uterine muscle layer. RESULTS: Three normal volunteer women, seven patients with one uterine fibroid and four patients treated with GnRH analogue for uterine fibroids, were enrolled in this study...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862853/lesbian-and-bisexual-women-s-gynaecological-conditions-a-systematic-review-and-exploratory-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
K Robinson, K Y Galloway, S Bewley, C Meads
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the gynaecological health of lesbian and bisexual (LB) women. OBJECTIVES: To examine differences in incidence and/or prevalence of gynaecological conditions in LB compared with heterosexual women. SEARCH STRATEGY: The systematic review protocol was prospectively registered (PROSPERO-CRD42015027091) and searches conducted in seven databases. SELECTION CRITERIA: Comparative studies published 2000-2015, reporting any benign (non-infectious) and/or malignant gynaecological conditions with no language or setting restrictions...
November 15, 2016: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861355/expression-of-preoperative-kiss1-gene-in-tumor-tissue-with-epithelial-ovarian-cancer-and-its-prognostic-value
#15
Fang Cao, Liping Chen, Manhua Liu, Weiwei Lin, Jinlong Ji, Jun You, Fenghai Qiao, Hongbin Liu
Our study aimed to elucidate the role of Kisspeptin (KISS1) in tumor tissues of patients with epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) and investigate the prognostic value of this biomarker.Forty EOC patients and 20 uterine fibroids female patients with healthy ovaries undergoing cytoreductive surgery between January 2010 and January 2014 in our hospital were enrolled in this study. KISS1 expression in tumor and normal tissues was detected. Correlations between clinic-pathologic variables and KISS1 expression in EOC tissues and the prognostic value of KISS1 for overall survival were evaluated...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843659/rare-case-of-leiomyoma-and-adenomyosis-in-mayer-rokitansky-kuster-hauser-syndrome
#16
P S Hoo, A R Norhaslinda, J N Shah Reza
We report a case of adenomyosis which developed from a hypoplastic uterus and leiomyoma in a patient with MRKH syndrome. A 45-year-old Malay female with primary amenorrhoea and primary infertility presented with abdominal mass and abdominal pain. She is phenotypically female, has well developed secondary sexual characteristics, and has normal female external genitalia with shallow vagina dimple. Transabdominal ultrasonography showed a homogenous adnexal mass of 10 × 8 cm, uterus sized 5 × 4 cm, and normal kidneys...
2016: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832674/uterine-fibroid-symptom-quality-of-life-questionnaire-translation-and-validation-into-brazilian-portuguese
#17
Rita Oliveira da Silva, Mariano Tamura Vieira Gomes, Rodrigo de Aquino Castro, Cláudio Emílio Bonduki, Manoel João Batista Castello Girão
Purpose To translate into Portuguese, culturally adapt and validate the Uterine Fibroid Symptom - Quality of Life (UFS-QoL) questionnaire for Brazilian women with uterine leiomyoma. Methods Initially, the UFS-QoL questionnaire was translated into Brazilian Portuguese in accordance with international standards, with subsequent cultural, structural, conceptual and semantic adaptations, so that patients were able to properly answer the questionnaire. Fifty patients with uterine leiomyoma and 19 patients without the disease, confirmed by abdominal pelvic examination and/or transvaginal ultrasound, were selected at the outpatient clinics of the Department of Gynecology of the Universidade Federal de São Paulo (Unifesp)...
October 2016: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826698/mr-imaging-of-atypical-fibroids
#18
Candice Bolan, Melanie P Caserta
Leiomyomas are the most common neoplasm found in the uterus and can present with a variety of symptoms or be entirely asymptomatic. Most often, the characteristic imaging appearance of leiomyoma does not pose a diagnostic dilemma. However, leiomyomas can demonstrate atypical imaging features that may be confusing. It is essential for the radiologist to be aware of both the typical and atypical findings to better assist the referring clinician with diagnosis and management decisions. Additionally, as uterine-sparing treatment alternatives with locoregional therapies become more popular, it is important to be aware of pre- and post-procedural imaging questions that may be encountered...
November 8, 2016: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822376/the-safety-and-effectiveness-of-volumetric-magnetic-resonance-guided-high-intensity-focused-ultrasound-treatment-of-symptomatic-uterine-fibroids-early-clinical-experience-in-china
#19
Rui Chen, Bilgin Keserci, Hui Bi, Xiaobing Han, Xiaoying Wang, Wenpei Bai, Yueling Wang, Xuedong Yang, Jian Yang, Juan Wei, Minna Seppälä, Antti Viitala, Qinping Liao
BACKGROUND: Uterine fibroids are the most common benign tumor in women, and surgical intervention is still the main fibroid treatment. Patient demands have encouraged development of less-invasive methods such as high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU). This study aimed to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of magnetic resonance-guided high-intensity focused ultrasound therapy using a volumetric ablation technique in the treatment of symptomatic uterine fibroids in China. METHODS: One hundred and seven patients were enrolled and treated with magnetic resonance-guided high-intensity focused ultrasound in this study...
2016: Journal of Therapeutic Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822346/ultrasonographic-evaluation-of-placental-cord-insertion-at-different-gestational-ages-in-low-risk-singleton-pregnancies-a-predictive-algorithm
#20
F Padula, A S Laganà, S G Vitale, L Mangiafico, L D'Emidio, P Cignini, M Giorlandino, F A Gulino, S Capriglione, C Giorlandino
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the accuracy of ultrasound in visualizing placental cord insertion (PCI) at different gestational ages in order to recommend the most feasible period during pregnancy to identify it. Secondary aim was to propose a predictive algorithm for PCI visualization. METHODS: We performed a single-center, prospective cohort study. We enrolled patients with singleton low-risk pregnancies who underwent fetal ultrasound scan at different gestational ages...
March 28, 2016: Facts, Views & Vision in ObGyn
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