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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214095/whether-preventive-low-dose-magnesium-sulphate-infusion-has-an-influence-on-postoperative-pain-perception-and-the-level-of-serum-beta-endorphin-throughout-the-total-abdominal-hysterectomy
#1
K Haryalchi, M Abedinzade, K Khanaki, M M Ghanaie, F M Zadeh
OBJECTIVE: Due to the known role of preventive low dose magnesium sulphate on postoperative pain management, in this randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled study, we tried to investigate the possible relationship between low dose intra-operative magnesium sulphate infusion, postoperative analgesia and the level of serum beta-endorphin during total abdominal hysterectomy under general anesthesia. METHODS: Forty women undergoing total abdominal hysterectomy were randomly allocated into 2 groups (20 in each arm)...
February 14, 2017: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213057/utilization-of-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-for-uterine-cancer
#2
Jason D Wright, Stephanie Cham, Ling Chen, William M Burke, June Y Hou, Ana I Tergas, Vrunda Desai, Jim C Hu, Cande V Ananth, Alfred I Neugut, Dawn L Hershman
BACKGROUND: To limit the potential short and long-term morbidity of lymphadenectomy, sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy has been proposed for endometrial cancer. The principle of SLN biopsy relies on removal of a small number of lymph nodes that are the first drainage basins from a tumor and thus the most likely to harbor tumor cells. While the procedure may reduce morbidity, efficacy data is limited and little is known about how commonly the procedure is performed. OBJECTIVE: We examined the patterns and predictors of use of SLN biopsy and outcomes of the procedure in women with endometrial cancer who underwent hysterectomy...
February 14, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211638/the-relationship-between-ovarian-function-and-ovarian-limited-dose-in-radiotherapy-postoperation-of-ovarian-transposition-in-young-patients-with-cervical-cancer
#3
Zhenhua Du, Hui Qu
In this study, the relationship between ovarian function and ovarian limited dose in radiotherapy was evaluated in young patients with cervical cancer who underwent ovarian transposition (Fig1B). Moreover, the novel ovarian dose limit for a better preservation of ovarian function in intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) was determined. We retrospectively analyzed data from 86 patients with cervical cancer who received radical hysterectomy and ovarian transposition from January 2013 to June 2015. In agreement with the National Comprehensive Cancer Network Guidelines (NCCN) for Cervical Cancer Version 2...
February 17, 2017: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211234/lymphoepithelioma-like-carcinoma-of-cervix-cytological-features-on-conventional-cervical-smear
#4
Ruchi Rathore, Vinod K Arora, Bharat Singh
Lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma (LELC) is a rare neoplasm of the cervix. The importance of distinguishing this undifferentiated carcinoma with a predominant lymphocytic infiltrate lies in the fact that despite being poorly differentiated they have a better prognosis. The diagnosis however becomes more challenging when the pathologist is provided with a small cervical biopsy or a Papanicolaou smear. While the reports describing histology and their relation to Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) are many, there are only few case reports describing the cytology of these tumors...
March 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209495/maternal-obesity-and-major-intraoperative-complications-during-cesarean-delivery
#5
Marcela C Smid, Catherine J Vladutiu, Sarah K Dotters-Katz, Kim A Boggess, Tracy A Manuck, David M Stamilio
BACKGROUND: Multiple studies have demonstrated an association between maternal obesity and postoperative complications, but there is a dearth of information about the impact of obesity on intraoperative complications. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the association between maternal obesity at delivery and major intraoperative complications during cesarean delivery (CD). METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of the de-identified MFMU Cesarean Registry of women with singleton pregnancies...
February 13, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209490/surgical-site-infection-in-gynecologic-surgery-pathophysiology-and-prevention
#6
REVIEW
Holly L Steiner, Eric A Strand
Surgical site infections (SSIs) represent a well-known cause of patient morbidity as well as added healthcare costs. In gynecologic surgery, particularly hysterectomy, SSIs are often the result of a number of risk factors that may or may not be modifiable. As both the Centers for Medicaid and Medicare Services and the Joint Commission on the Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations have identified SSIs as a patient safety priority, gynecologic surgeons continue to seek out the most effective interventions for SSI prevention...
February 13, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208949/uterine-tumour-resembling-ovarian-sex-cord-tumour-a-rare-entity
#7
Mustafa Gazi Uçar, Tolgay Tuyan Ilhan, Ayhan Gül, Ceyhan Ugurluoglu, Çetin Çelik
Uterine Tumour Resembling Ovarian Sex-Cord Tumours (UTROSCTs) are an extremely rare type of uterine body tumours arising from the endometrial stroma. Epidemiology, aetiology, pathogenesis, management and natural history of UTROSCTs are still a question of debate, as there is little available data in the literature. Although rare, the possibility of UTROSCTs should be kept in mind, when a patient presents with abnormal bleeding and an enlarged uterus. UTROSCTs appear dirty white/cream-coloured, gelatinous, well-circumscribed mass with smooth surface on macroscopic examination...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208947/delayed-uterine-necrosis-rare-cause-of-nonhealing-wound
#8
Aruna Nigam, Neha Gupta, Arifa A Elahi, Zeeba S Jairajpuri, Swaraj Batra
Uterine necrosis is a very rare condition and most of the reported cases occurred after pelvic arterial embolization for post-partum haemorrhage, embolization of fibroid uterus or application of B-Lynch sutures. A case of delayed myometrial necrosis is reported in post-cesarean patient where no embolization or uterine compression sutures have been applied. Patient presented with foul smelling discharge from the gaped abdominal wound following caesarean section. Abdomen was closed after exploration and lavage...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208926/simultaneous-transabdominal-hysterectomy-and-cystolithotomy-in-an-augmented-urinary-bladder-challenges-and-outcome
#9
Vijay Sharma, Rakesh Kapoor, Priyank Yadav, Pankaj Gaur, Deepa Kapoor
Augmentation cystoplasty is a procedure to increase the anatomical as well as functional capacity of the urinary bladder using a segment of bowel or ureter. Upto half of these patients develop complications but most of them are minor and managed easily. Urolithiasis, especially bladder calculi are seen in upto half of the cases and are removed endoscopically or by open approach. Hysterectomy is an uncommon procedure in patients with augmentation cystoplasty and is complicated by the altered anatomy of the pelvis...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203626/diffuse-peritoneal-leiomyomatosis-status-post-laparoscopic-hysterectomy-with-power-morcellation-a-case-report-with-review-of-literature
#10
Don Nguyen, Rishi Maheshwary, Cassie Tran, Scott Rudkin, Luke Treaster
•Leiomyomatosis following laparoscopic hysterectomy with morcellation is reported.•Parasitic myomas grow in a benign fashion but may be fatal depending on location.•Fibroids are a contraindication for laparoscopic hysterectomy with morcellation.•Containment bags may address intraperitoneal spillage of malignant tissue.
February 2017: Gynecologic Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203133/simultaneously-diagnosed-and-successfully-treated-rectovaginal-and-vesicovaginal-fistulae-after-low-anterior-resection-with-concomitant-resection-of-female-genitalia
#11
Chisato Takagi, Hideo Baba, Kazuo Yamafuji, Atsunori Asami, Kaoru Takeshima, Nobuhiko Okamoto, Hidena Takahashi, Kiyoshi Kubochi
Rectovaginal fistula (RVF) and vesicovaginal fistula (VVF) are infrequent but distressing complications after pelvic surgery. However, their adequate treatment is not well described. Here, we simultaneously encountered and successfully treated RVF and VVF after radical surgery for rectal cancer. A 70-year-old woman underwent low anterior resection (LAR) combined with resection of the uterus, the bilateral adnexa, and the upper side of the vagina, as well as diverted ileostomy for rectal cancer. A month after the surgery, she developed urinary incontinence and underwent medical treatment, but her symptoms did not improve...
January 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199962/incorporation-of-the-number-of-positive-lymph-nodes-leads-to-better-prognostic-discrimination-of-node-positive-early-stage-cervical-cancer
#12
Juan Zhou, San-Gang Wu, Jia-Yuan Sun, Xu-Lin Liao, Feng-Yan Li, Huan-Xin Lin, Li-Chao Yang, Zhen-Yu He
To determine the prognostic value of the number of positive lymph nodes (LNs) in cervical cancer and further stratify patients with positive LNs into multiple risk groups based on analysis of Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) program. Patients with cervical cancer who undergo hysterectomy and had pathologically-confirmed positive LNs after lymphadenectomy were identified using the SEER database (1988-2012). Kaplan-Meier survival methods and Cox proportional hazards regression were performed. We included 2,222 patients with the median number of removed LNs and positive LNs was 22 and 2, respectively...
February 9, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197351/a-case-of-malignant-melanoma-of-the-uterine-cervix-with-disseminated-metastases-throughout-the-vaginal-wall
#13
Tomoko Noguchi, Nami Ota, Yasushi Mabuchi, Shigetaka Yagi, Sawako Minami, Hisako Okuhira, Yuki Yamamoto, Yasushi Nakamura, Kazuhiko Ino
Malignant melanoma (MM) in the female genital tract accounts for less than 2% of all melanomas, and the vast majority associated occur in the vulva and vagina. Primary MM of the uterine cervix is extremely rare and its prognosis is very poor. We report a case of primary MM of the cervix with dissemination throughout the vaginal wall. A 66-year-old woman presented with postmenopausal bleeding. Gynecologic examination demonstrated a 2 cm polypoid blackish-pigmented tumor on the cervix with multiple small blackish-pigmented lesions throughout the vaginal wall...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192735/risk-factors-for-postoperative-urinary-tract-infection-following-midurethral-sling-procedures
#14
Melike Doganay, Sabri Cavkaytar, Mahmut Kuntay Kokanali, Irfan Ozer, Orhan Seyfi Aksakal, Salim Erkaya
OBJECTIVE: To identify the potential risk factors for urinary tract infections following midurethral sling procedures. STUDY DESIGN: 556 women who underwent midurethral sling procedure due to stress urinary incontinence over a four-year period were reviewed in this retrospective study. Of the study population, 280 women underwent TVT procedures and 276 women underwent TOT procedures. Patients were evaluated at 4-8 weeks postoperatively and were investigated for the occurrence of a urinary tract infection...
February 6, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192732/reproductive-decisions-after-the-diagnosis-of-amniotic-fluid-embolism
#15
Amirhossein Moaddab, Miranda Klassen, Cynthia D Priester, Elvira H Munoz, Michael A Belfort, Steven L Clark, Gary A Dildy
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to describe the subsequent reproductive outcomes in women who either correctly or incorrectly were diagnosed with amniotic fluid embolism (AFE). STUDY DESIGN: Medical records were obtained, abstracted and reviewed by authors with extensive experience in critical care obstetrics. Telephone interviews of all survivors were conducted to determine obstetrical and contraceptive history. A subgroup underwent further telephone interview to address subsequent reproductive decisions...
January 23, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191790/safety-and-short-term-outcomes-of-a-new-truly-minimallyinvasive-mesh-less-and-dissection-less-anchoring-system-for-pelvic-organ-prolapse-apical-repair
#16
Adi Y Weintraub, Masha Ben Zvi, David Yohay, Joerg Neymeyer, Yonatan Reuven, Menahem Neuman, Alex Tsivian
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and short term outcomes of a new, truly minimallyinvasive, mesh-less and dissection-less anchoring system for pelvic floor apical repair. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted using the NeuGuide™ device system for pelvic floor apical repair. The primary effectiveness outcome was centro-apical pelvic floor prolapse by POP-Q after six months. The primary safety outcome was intra-operative, immediate (first 48 h) post-operative complications and adverse effects after six months...
January 27, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191293/the-imaging-and-pathological-features-of-metastatic-leiomyosarcoma-in-the-gallbladder
#17
Yi Guo, Eleanor Chen, Darin J Davidson, Venu G Pillarisetty, Robin L Jones, Seth M Pollack
Uterine leiomyosarcoma is a rare and aggressive malignancy with poor overall prognosis. There have been few reports of metastatic leiomyosarcoma in the gallbladder. We report a case of a 41-year-old female who underwent total abdominal hysterectomy due to presumed uterine fibroids. The postoperative pathology revealed high-grade pleomorphic leiomyosarcoma, with involvement of the uterine serosal surface. She subsequently underwent exploratory laparotomy, followed by pelvic radiation and chemotherapy. Since initial management she has developed metastatic disease and has been under treatment and surveillance for 11 years...
November 17, 2016: Rare Tumors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190648/prospective-validation-of-an-intraoperative-algorithm-to-guide-surgical-staging-in-early-endometrial-cancer
#18
Jason R Lefringhouse, Jeffrey W Elder, Lauren A Baldwin, Rachel W Miller, Chris P DeSimone, John R van Nagell, Luis M Samoyoa, Dava S West, Emily V Dressler, Meng Liu, Frederick R Ueland
OBJECTIVES: Prospectively validate an intraoperative surgical staging algorithm to stratify patients with early endometrial cancer by risk of lymph node metastasis. METHODS: Subjects with endometrial cancer clinically confined to the uterus were prospectively enrolled at an academic cancer center between Jan 2012 and Jun 2015. Study participants were stratified intraoperatively into two groups based on risk of nodal involvement using cell type, tumor grade, myometrial invasion, and tumor size in accordance with an established protocol from the Mayo Clinic...
February 9, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190411/hysterectomy-and-incidence-of-depressive-symptoms-in-midlife-women-the-australian-longitudinal-study-on-women-s-health
#19
L Wilson, N Pandeya, J Byles, G Mishra
AIMS: There is limited longitudinal research that has looked at the longer term incidence of depressive symptoms, comparing women with a hysterectomy to women without a hysterectomy. We aimed to investigate the association between hysterectomy status and the 12-year incidence of depressive symptoms in a mid-aged cohort of Australian women, and whether these relationships were modified by use of exogenous hormones. METHODS: We used generalised estimating equation models for binary outcome data to assess the associations of the incidence of depressive symptoms (measured by the 10-item Centre for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale) across five surveys over a 12-year period, in women with a hysterectomy with ovarian conservation, or a hysterectomy with bilateral oophorectomy compared with women without a hysterectomy...
February 13, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188975/contemporary-analysis-of-maternal-and-neonatal-morbidity-after-uterine-rupture-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#20
Gustavo Vilchez, Jing Dai, Komal Kumar, Moraima Lagos, Robert J Sokol
AIM: Uterine rupture is a rare but feared perinatal event. Despite abundant research and changes to guidelines implemented to reduce this complication, evaluation of whether uterine rupture still engenders significant maternal/neonatal morbidity has not been conducted. We analyzed recent cases of maternal/neonatal morbidity after uterine rupture. METHODS: Deliveries complicated by uterine rupture from 2011 to 2012 in the United States were selected. Comparison cases without uterine rupture were used as controls...
February 11, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
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