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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649042/worldwide-human-daily-intakes-of-bisphenol-a-bpa-estimated-from-global-urinary-concentration-data-2000-2016-and-its-risk-analysis
#1
Ri-Ping Huang, Ze-Hua Liu, Su-Fen Yuan, Hua Yin, Zhi Dang, Ping-Xiao Wu
To evaluate BPA's potential risk to health, it is important to know human daily intake. This study describes a simple but effective method to estimate the levels of human BPA intake among four different populations based on urinary concentration data. Nationally, of the 30 countries examined, the top ten countries for adult intake were Italy, Sweden, Denmark, France, Cyprus, Australia, Israel, Ghana, Jamaica, and Belgium. When the urinary excretion sample size was large enough and over 1000, it was found that the national estimated BPA daily intakes in the child group among countries, showed a good linear relationship with those of their corresponding adult group...
June 22, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648131/politics-and-palliative-care-ghana
#2
Dion Smyth
Dion Smyth's review of palliative nursing on the internet.
June 2, 2017: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645276/assessing-the-impact-of-health-research-on-health-policies-a-study-of-the-dodowa-health-research-centre-ghana
#3
Blanca Escribano-Ferrer, Jayne Webster, Margaret Gyapong
BACKGROUND: The importance of assessing research impact is increasingly recognised. Ghana has a long tradition of research dating from the 1970s. In the Ghana Health Service there are three health research centres under the Research and Development Division. Dodowa Health Research Centre (DHRC) is the youngest in the country dating from the 1990s. The objective of this study is to analyse the influence of the research conducted in DHRC on national and local health policies. METHODS: The study used the Research Impact Framework...
June 24, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642581/molecular-methods-to-detect-spodoptera-frugiperda-in-ghana-and-implications-for-monitoring-the-spread-of-invasive-species-in-developing-countries
#4
Matthew J W Cock, Patrick K Beseh, Alan G Buddie, Giovanni Cafá, Jayne Crozier
Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) is a polyphagous pest indigenous throughout the Americas, which recently appeared in Africa, first reported from São Tomé, Nigeria, Bénin and Togo in 2016, and which we now report from Ghana. This species is recognised to comprise two morphologically identical but genetically distinct strains or species in the Americas, and we found both to be present in Ghana. We discuss possible routes of entry to Africa, of which the likeliest is adults and/or egg masses transported on direct commercial flights between the Americas and West Africa, followed by dispersal by adult flight within Africa...
June 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633661/prevalence-of-arthritis-according-to-age-sex-and-socioeconomic-status-in-six-low-and-middle-income-countries-analysis-of-data-from-the-world-health-organization-study-on-global-ageing-and-adult-health-sage-wave-1
#5
Sharon L Brennan-Olsen, S Cook, M T Leech, S J Bowe, P Kowal, N Naidoo, I N Ackerman, R S Page, S M Hosking, J A Pasco, M Mohebbi
BACKGROUND: In higher income countries, social disadvantage is associated with higher arthritis prevalence; however, less is known about arthritis prevalence or determinants in low to middle income countries (LMICs). We assessed arthritis prevalence by age and sex, and marital status and occupation, as two key parameters of socioeconomic position (SEP), using data from the World Health Organization Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE). METHODS: SAGE Wave 1 (2007-10) includes nationally-representative samples of older adults (≥50 yrs), plus smaller samples of adults aged 18-49 yrs...
June 21, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633631/knowledge-of-antibiotic-resistance-and-antibiotic-prescription-practices-among-prescribers-in-the-brong-ahafo-region-of-ghana-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Kwaku Poku Asante, Ellen Abrafi Boamah, Martha Ali Abdulai, Kwame Ohene Buabeng, Emmanuel Mahama, Francis Dzabeng, Edith Gavor, Edith Andrews Annan, Seth Owusu-Agyei, Martha Gyansa-Lutterodt
BACKGROUND: Antibiotic resistance (ABR) has become a major public health challenge in most parts of the world including Ghana and is a major threat to gain in bacterial disease control. The role of prescribers in the control of antibiotics is identified as crucial in developing interventions to control ABR. To guide policy recommendations on ABR, a study was carried out among prescribers to identify gaps in their knowledge of ABR and to document their prescription practices. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among prescribers from both public and private facilities in the Brong Ahafo Region of Ghana using both quantitative and qualitative methods in 2014...
June 20, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633309/tmprss2-erg-gene-fusions-in-prostate-cancer-of-west-african-men-and-a-meta-analysis-of-racial-differences
#7
Cindy Ke Zhou, Denise Young, Edward D Yeboah, Sally B Coburn, Yao Tettey, Richard B Biritwum, Andrew A Adjei, Evelyn Tay, Shelley Niwa, Ann Truelove, Judith Welsh, James E Mensah, Robert N Hoover, Isabell A Sesterhenn, Ann W Hsing, Shiv Srivastava, Michael B Cook
The prevalence of TMPRSS2-ERG fusions in prostate cancer varies by race. However, such somatic aberration and its association with prognostic factors have neither been studied in a West African population nor been systematically reviewed in the context of racial differences. We used immunohistochemistry to assess ERG expression as the established surrogate of ERG fusion genes among 262 prostate cancer biopsies from the Ghana Prostate Study. Poisson regression with robust variance estimation provided prevalence ratios and 95% confidence intervals of ERG expression in relation to patients' characteristics...
June 12, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630688/prevalence-of-antimicrobial-resistant-pathogens-from-blood-cultures-results-from-a-laboratory-based-nationwide-surveillance-in-ghana
#8
Japheth Awuletey Opintan, Mercy Jemima Newman
BACKGROUND: Blood stream infections (BSI) are critical medical conditions with high morbidity and mortality. There is paucity of information on BSI from surveillance studies in Ghana. AIM: This study sought to demonstrate how useful BSI data can be gleaned from population-based surveillance, especially from resource-limited settings. METHODS: Data from a nationwide surveillance of antimicrobial drug resistance (AMR) in Ghana were extracted and analyzed...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626872/a-longitudinal-analysis-of-well-being-of-ghanaian-children-in-transnational-families
#9
Victor Cebotari, Valentina Mazzucato, Ernest Appiah
This study is the first to employ panel data to examine well-being outcomes-self-rated health, happiness, life satisfaction, and school enjoyment-of children in transnational families in an African context. It analyzes data collected in 2013, 2014, and 2015 from secondary schoolchildren and youth (ages 12-21) in Ghana (N = 741). Results indicate that children with fathers, mothers, or both parents away and those cared for by a parent, a family, or a nonfamily member are equally or more likely to have higher levels of well-being as children in nonmigrant families...
June 19, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625122/a-ten-year-review-of-chronic-cor-pulmonale-secondary-to-respiratory-diseases-in-ghana
#10
Collins Oduro-Boatey, Della Adzosii
Chronic cor pulmonale is defined as right ventricular failure secondary to pulmonary hypertension. Our study reviewed all cases of chronic cor pulmonale secondary to respiratory diseases in a ten-year period (2004-20014) in the Department of Child Health, Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital, Ghana. Nine cases of chronic cor pulmonale were recorded during the period. The age range was 1-9 years (average age = 3 years). Obstructive sleep apnoea secondary to adenoid hypertrophy was the commonest cause of pulmonary hypertension...
January 1, 2017: Tropical Doctor
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621223/a-generation-at-risk-a-cross-sectional-study-on-hiv-aids-knowledge-exposure-to-mass-media-and-stigmatizing-behaviors-among-young-women-aged-15-24-years-in-ghana
#11
Charity Konadu Asamoah, Benedict Oppong Asamoah, Anette Agardh
HIV/AIDS stigmatizing behaviors are a huge barrier to early detection and treatment of individuals with the AIDS virus. HIV/AIDS stigma and related consequences are debilitating, especially for vulnerable populations. This study sought to assess whether young women's HIV/AIDS knowledge levels and exposure to mass media (television and radio) have an influence on their stigmatizing behaviors and role as agents of stigma towards individuals living with HIV and AIDS. The data used for this study originated from the Ghana Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey 2011...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620544/-i-am-anxious-and-desperate-psychological-experiences-of-women-with-infertility-in-the-greater-accra-region-ghana
#12
Ernestina S Donkor, Florence Naab, Deborah Y Kussiwaah
BACKGROUND: Research has shown that infertility affects millions of couples worldwide. Infertility is considered one of the most difficult life experiences and can result in psychological consequences for couples, especially for women. The purpose of this study was to explore the psychological experiences of women with infertility. METHODS: A qualitative exploratory descriptive approach was used to conduct in-depth interviews. The psychological component of the bio-psychosocial model was used as a guiding framework to understand the experiences of women with infertility...
2017: Fertility Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619672/point-of-care-diagnosis-of-multiple-schistosome-parasites-species-specific-dna-detection-in-urine-by-loop-mediated-isothermal-amplification-lamp
#13
Nilanjan Lodh, Kei Mikita, Kwabena M Bosompem, William K Anyan, Joseph K Quartey, Joseph Otchere, Clive J Shiff
Schistosomes are easily transmitted and high chance of repeat infection, so if control strategies based on targeted mass drug administration (MDA) are to succeed it is essential to have a test that is sensitive, accurate and simple to use. It is known and regularly demonstrated that praziquantel does not always eliminate an infection so in spite of the successes of control programs a residual of the reservoir survives to re-infect snails. The issue of diagnostic sensitivity becomes more critical in the assessment of program effectiveness...
June 12, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618661/probabilistic-quantitative-microbial-risk-assessment-model-of-norovirus-from-wastewater-irrigated-vegetables-in-ghana-using-genome-copies-and-fecal-indicator-ratio-conversion-for-estimating-exposure-dose
#14
Emmanuel de-Graft Johnson Owusu-Ansah, Angelina Sampson, Samuel K Amponsah, Robert C Abaidoo, Anders Dalsgaard, Tine Hald
The need to replace the commonly applied fecal indicator conversions ratio (an assumption of 1:10(-5) virus to fecal indicator organism) in Quantitative Microbial Risk Assessment (QMRA) with models based on quantitative data on the virus of interest has gained prominence due to the different physical and environmental factors that might influence the reliability of using indicator organisms in microbial risk assessment. The challenges facing analytical studies on virus enumeration (genome copies or particles) have contributed to the already existing lack of data in QMRA modelling...
June 10, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616175/seasonal-habitat-use-by-elephants-loxodonta-africana-in-the-mole-national-park-of-ghana
#15
George Ashiagbor, Emmanuel Danquah
To avoid unnecessary waste of limited resources and to help prioritize areas for conservation efforts, this study aimed to provide information on habitat use by elephants between the wet and dry seasons in the Mole National Park (MNP) of Ghana. We compiled coordinates of 516 locations of elephants' encounters, 256 for dry season and 260 for wet season. Using nine predictor variables, we modeled the probability of elephant's distribution in MNP. We threshold the models to "suitable" and "nonsuitable" regions of habitat use using the equal training sensitivity and specificity values of 0...
June 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615989/factors-that-influence-the-clinical-utilization-of-the-nursing-process-at-a-hospital-in-accra-ghana
#16
Joana Agyeman-Yeboah, Kwadwo Ameyaw Korsah, Jane Okrah
BACKGROUND: The nursing process is a tool that is recommended for use by all professional nurses working in Ghana, in order to provide nursing care. However, there is currently a limited use of this tool by nurses in Ghana. The purpose of this research study was to explore the various factors that influence the utilization of this nursing process. METHOD: An exploratory descriptive qualitative-research design was employed. Ten participants were involved by using the purposive sampling method...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612682/culturally-prescribed-beliefs-about-mental-illness-among-the-akan-of-ghana
#17
Annabella Opare-Henaku, Shawn O Utsey
Mental illness is a culturally laden phenomenon, and different cultures have unique ways of constructing mental illness. In this study, conceptions of mental illness were explored among 30 participants of Akan descent in Ghana through individual and group interviews. Participants demonstrated a wide range of knowledge on mental illness indicating that poor self-care, deficits in social functioning, and disordered behaviors are the cardinal features of mental illness. The data revealed that Akan cultural beliefs influenced notions of etiology of mental illness and care of the mentally ill...
January 1, 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612329/causes-of-childhood-blindness-in-ghana-results-from-a-blind-school-survey-in-upper-west-region-ghana-and-review-of-the-literature
#18
Grace J Huh, Judith Simon, S Grace Prakalapakorn
PURPOSE: Data on childhood blindness in Ghana are limited. The objectives of this study were to determine the major causes of childhood blindness and severe visual impairment (SVI) at Wa Methodist School for the Blind in Northern Ghana, and to compare our results to those published from other studies conducted in Ghana. METHODS: In this retrospective study, data from an eye screening at Wa Methodist School in November 2014 were coded according to the World Health Organization/Prevention of Blindness standardized reporting methodology...
June 13, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610222/-i-anagrus-i-i-nedotepae-i-sp-n-hymenoptera-mymaridae-an-egg-parasitoid-of-i-nedotepa-curta-i-hemiptera-cicadellidae-a-pest-of-coconut-palm-in-west-africa
#19
Serguei V Triapitsyn, K Eric Kwadjo, Yaima Arocha Rosete
A new Afrotropical species of Anagrus Haliday (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae), A. nedotepae Triapitsyn sp. n., is described and illustrated. The type series was reared from parasitized eggs of the leafhopper Nedotepa curta Dmitriev (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae) during a survey for its natural enemies in Côte d'Ivoire. This peculiar leafhopper, recently described from Ghana (Dmitriev 2016), lays its eggs on leaflets of coconut palm, and could be an economically important pest of this crop in West Africa, particularly because it is a suspected vector of the phytoplasma associated with the Côte d'Ivoire Lethal Yellowing disease of coconut, as characterized by Arocha-Rosete et al...
June 9, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609845/-away-is-a-place-the-impact-of-electronic-waste-recycling-on-blood-lead-levels-in-ghana
#20
Ebenezer Forkuo Amankwaa, Kwame A Adovor Tsikudo, John Bowman
E-waste recycling remains a major source of livelihood for many urban poor in developing countries, but this economic activity is fraught with significant environmental health risk. Yet, human exposure to the toxic elements associated with e-waste activities remains understudied and not evidently understood. This study investigates the impact of informal e-waste processing on the blood lead levels (BLLs) of e-waste workers and non-e-waste workers (mainly females working in activities that serve the Agbogbloshie e-waste site), and relates their lead exposure to socio-demographic and occupational characteristics...
June 8, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
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