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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340457/dermal-exposure-of-applicators-to-chlorpyrifos-on-rice-farms-in-ghana
#1
Albert Atabila, Dung Tri Phung, Jonathan N Hogarh, Paul Osei-Fosu, Ross Sadler, Des Connell, Cordia Chu
Studies evaluating dermal exposure to pesticides among applicators in tropical countries have largely been conducted using the patch dosimetry and hand wiping/washing techniques. This study used the more accurate whole-body dosimetry technique to evaluate dermal exposure to chlorpyrifos among applicators on rice farms in Ghana. The exposure levels were plotted as Cumulative Probability Distribution (CPD). Total Dermal Exposure (TDE) of chlorpyrifos among the median exposed and the 5% highly exposed groups during a spray event were 24 mg and 48 mg, respectively...
March 16, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334680/assessing-driving-forces-of-land-use-and-land-cover-change-by-a-mixed-method-approach-in-north-eastern-ghana-west-africa
#2
Janina Kleemann, Gülendam Baysal, Henry N N Bulley, Christine Fürst
Land use and land cover change (LULCC) is the result of complex human-environmental interactions. The high interdependencies in social-ecological systems make it difficult to identify the main drivers. However, knowledge of key drivers of LULCC, including indirect (underlying) drivers which cannot be easily determined by spatial or economic analyses, is essential for land use planning and especially important in developing countries. We used a mixed-method approach in order to detect drivers of LULCC in the Upper East Region of northern Ghana by different qualitative and quantitative methods which were compared in a confidence level analysis...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333930/fifteen-years-of-programme-implementation-for-the-elimination-of-lymphatic-filariasis-in-ghana-impact-of-mda-on-immunoparasitological-indicators
#3
Nana-Kwadwo Biritwum, Dziedzom K de Souza, Benjamin Marfo, Samuel Odoom, Bright Alomatu, Odame Asiedu, Abednego Yeboah, Tei E Hervie, Ernest O Mensah, Paul Yikpotey, Joseph B Koroma, David Molyneux, Moses J Bockarie, John O Gyapong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330856/-my-friend-who-bought-it-for-me-she-has-had-an-abortion-before-the-influence-of-ghanaian-women-s-social-networks-in-determining-the-pathway-to-induced-abortion
#4
Sarah D Rominski, Jody R Lori, Emmanuel Sk Morhe
BACKGROUND: Even given the liberal abortion law in Ghana, abortion complications are a large contributor to maternal morbidity and mortality. This study sought to understand why young women seeking an abortion in a legally enabling environment chose to do this outside the formal healthcare system. METHODS: Women being treated for complications arising from a self-induced abortion as well as for elective abortions at three hospitals in Ghana were interviewed. Community-based focus groups were held with women as well as men, separately...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330494/pseudomonas-oryzihabitans-sepsis-in-a-1-year-old-child-with-multiple-skin-rashes-a-case-report
#5
Michael Owusu, Ellis Owusu-Dabo, Godfred Acheampong, Isaac Osei, John Amuasi, Nimako Sarpong, Augustina Annan, Hsin-Ying Chiang, Chih-Horng Kuo, Se Eun Park, Florian Marks, Yaw Adu-Sarkodie
BACKGROUND: Pseudomonas oryzihabitans is a Pseudomonas bacterial organism rarely implicated in human infections. The bacterium has been isolated in a few reported cases of neurosurgical infections and patients with end-stage cirrhosis, sickle cell disease, and community-acquired urinary tract infections. Limited information exists in developing countries, however, because of the lack of advanced microbiological tools for identification and characterization of this bacterium. This case report describes the isolation of a rare Pseudomonas bacterium in a patient presenting with sepsis and skin infection...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327542/occupational-respiratory-diseases-of-miners-from-two-gold-mines-in-ghana
#6
Esther Ayaaba, Yan Li, Jiali Yuan, Chunhui Ni
n/a.
March 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327154/the-effect-of-social-behavior-change-communication-package-on-maternal-knowledge-in-obstetric-danger-signs-among-mothers-in-east-mamprusi-district-of-ghana
#7
Mahama Saaka, Paul Aryee, Robert Kuganab-Lem, Mohammed Ali, Abdul Razak Masahudu
BACKGROUND: An understanding of maternal knowledge of the danger signs of obstetric and newborn complications is fundamental to attaining universal health coverage. In Northern Ghana, where maternal and newborn morbidity and mortality is high, little is known about the current knowledge level and associated determinants of these danger signs. This study assessed the effect of social behavior change communication (SBCC) package on knowledge of obstetric and newborn danger signs among mothers with children under 24 months of age...
March 21, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326125/determination-of-the-wound-healing-potentials-of-medicinal-plants-historically-used-in-ghana
#8
Sara H Freiesleben, Jens Soelberg, Nils T Nyberg, Anna K Jäger
The present study was carried out to investigate the wound healing potentials of 17 medicinal plants historically used in Ghana for wound healing. Warm and cold water extracts were prepared from the 17 dried plant species and tested in vitro in the scratch assay with NIH 3T3 fibroblasts from mice. The wound healing scratch assay was used to evaluate the effect of the plants on cell proliferation and/or migration in vitro, as a test for potential wound healing properties. After 21 hours of incubation increased proliferation and/or migration of fibroblasts in the scratch assay was obtained for 5 out of the 17 plant species...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326101/spectrum-of-endocrine-disorders-in-central-ghana
#9
Osei Sarfo-Kantanka, Fred Stephen Sarfo, Eunice Oparebea Ansah, Ishmael Kyei
Background. Although an increasing burden of endocrine disorders is recorded worldwide, the greatest increase is occurring in developing countries. However, the spectrum of these disorders is not well described in most developing countries. Objective. The objective of this study was to profile the frequency of endocrine disorders and their basic demographic characteristics in an endocrine outpatient clinic in Kumasi, central Ghana. Methods. A retrospective review was conducted on endocrine disorders seen over a five-year period between January 2011 and December 2015 at the outpatient endocrine clinic of Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital...
2017: International Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324144/participatory-planning-monitoring-and-evaluation-of-multi-stakeholder-platforms-in-integrated-landscape-initiatives
#10
Koen Kusters, Louise Buck, Maartje de Graaf, Peter Minang, Cora van Oosten, Roderick Zagt
Integrated landscape initiatives typically aim to strengthen landscape governance by developing and facilitating multi-stakeholder platforms. These are institutional coordination mechanisms that enable discussions, negotiations, and joint planning between stak4eholders from various sectors in a given landscape. Multi-stakeholder platforms tend to involve complex processes with diverse actors, whose objectives and focus may be subjected to periodic re-evaluation, revision or reform. In this article we propose a participatory method to aid planning, monitoring, and evaluation of such platforms, and we report on experiences from piloting the method in Ghana and Indonesia...
March 21, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320474/gender-differences-in-beliefs-about-health-a-comparative-qualitative-study-with-ghanaian-and-indian-migrants-living-in-the-united-kingdom
#11
Lailah Alidu, Elizabeth A Grunfeld
BACKGROUND: There is a well-established association between migration to high income countries and health status, with some groups reporting poorer health outcomes than the host population. However, processes that influence health behaviours and health outcomes across minority ethnic groups are complex and in addition, culture ascribes specific gender roles for men and women, which can further influence perspectives of health. The aim of this study was to undertake a comparative exploration of beliefs of health among male and female Ghanaian and Indian migrants and White British participants residing in an urban area within the UK...
March 20, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320427/the-role-of-unhealthy-lifestyles-in-the-incidence-and-persistence-of-depression-a-longitudinal-general-population-study-in-four-emerging-countries
#12
Maria Cabello, Marta Miret, Francisco Felix Caballero, Somnath Chatterji, Nirmala Naidoo, Paul Kowal, Catherine D'Este, Jose Luis Ayuso-Mateos
BACKGROUND: Unhealthy lifestyles and depression are highly interrelated: depression might elicit and exacerbate unhealthy lifestyles and people with unhealthy lifestyles are more likely to become depressed over time. However, few longitudinal evidence of these relationships has been collected in emerging countries. The present study aims i) to analyse whether people with unhealthy lifestyles are more likely to develop depression, and ii) to examine whether depressed people with unhealthy lifestyles are more likely to remain depressed...
March 20, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320146/stroke-related-stigma-among-west-africans-patterns-and-predictors
#13
Fred Stephen Sarfo, Michelle Nichols, Suparna Qanungo, Abeba Teklehaimanot, Arti Singh, Nathaniel Mensah, Raelle Saulson, Mulugeta Gebregziabher, Uvere Ezinne, Mayowa Owolabi, Carolyn Jenkins, Bruce Ovbiagele
BACKGROUND: Disability-adjusted life-years lost after stroke in Low & Middle-Income Countries (LMICs) is almost seven times those lost in High-income countries. Although individuals living with chronic neurological and mental disorders are prone to stigma, there is a striking paucity of literature on stroke-related stigma particularly from LMICs. OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence, severity, determinants and psycho-social consequences of stigma among LMIC stroke survivors...
April 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319012/the-expanding-world-of-human-leishmaniasis
#14
James A Cotton
New Leishmania isolates form a novel group of human parasites related to Leishmania enrietti, with cases in Ghana, Thailand, and Martinique; other relatives infect Australian and South American wildlife. These parasites apparently cause both cutaneous and visceral disease, and may have evolved a novel transmission mechanism exploiting blood-feeding midges.
March 16, 2017: Trends in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318656/clinical-characteristics-and-prognosis-of-patients-admitted-for-heart-failure-a-5-year-retrospective-study-of-african-patients
#15
Kwadwo Osei Bonsu, Isaac Kofi Owusu, Kwame Ohene Buabeng, Daniel D Reidpath, Amudha Kadirvelu
BACKGROUND: Mortality associated with heart failure (HF) remains high. There are limited clinical data on mortality among HF patients from African populations. We examined the clinical characteristics, long-term outcomes, and prognostic factors of African HF patients with preserved, mid-range or reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted a retrospective longitudinal cohort study of individuals aged ≥18years discharged from first HF admission between January 1, 2009 and December 31, 2013 from the Cardiac Clinic, Directorate of Medicine of the Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital, Ghana...
March 6, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317808/isolation-and-characterization-of-nontuberculous-mycobacteria-from-patients-with-pulmonary-tuberculosis-in-ghana
#16
Isaac Darko Otchere, Adwoa Asante-Poku, Stephen Osei-Wusu, Samuel Yaw Aboagye, Dorothy Yeboah-Manu
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Nontuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) species are assuming public health importance in pulmonary diseases; they are increasingly being isolated, and importantly, most NTMs do not respond to routine tuberculosis (TB) drugs. This study aimed to identify NTMs isolated from pulmonary TB cases and also determine their susceptibility to streptomycin (STR), isoniazid (INH), and rifampicin (RIF). METHODS: A total of 1755 mycobacterial isolates, obtained between August 2012 and July 2014, from 2036 smear-positive pulmonary cases were identified using polymerase chain reaction amplification of IS6110, and hsp65 gene sequencing analysis...
January 2017: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317801/utility-of-quantiferon-tuberculosis-gold-in-tube-test-for-detecting-latent-tuberculosis-infection-among-close-household-contacts-of-confirmed-tuberculosis-patients-in-accra-ghana
#17
Gloria Ivy Mensah, Sandra Akoley Sowah, Nana Yaw Asare Yeboah, Kennedy Kwasi Addo, Dolly Jackson-Sillah
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Introduction of the interferon gamma (IFN-γ) release assays with their higher sensitivity and specificity over the traditional tuberculin skin test has improved testing for latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI). None of the IFN-γ release assays has ever been used to screen for LTBI in Ghana. This study set out to determine the utility of the QuantiFERON TB Gold-in-Tube (QFT-GIT) test for the diagnosis of LTBI among close household contacts of newly diagnosed sputum smear-positive tuberculosis (TB) patents in Accra, Ghana, and the associated risk factors for a positive QFT-GIT test...
January 2017: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314488/building-sustainable-local-capacity-for-global-health-research-in-west-africa
#18
Nadia A Sam-Agudu, Elijah Paintsil, Muktar H Aliyu, Awewura Kwara, Folasade Ogunsola, Yaw A Afrane, Chima Onoka, Gordon A Awandare, Gladys Amponsah, Llewellyn J Cornelius, Gabou Mendy, Rachel Sturke, Anita Ghansah, George K Siberry, Echezona E Ezeanolue
BACKGROUND: Global health research in resource-limited countries has been largely sponsored and led by foreign institutions. Thus, these countries' training capacity and productivity in global health research is limited. Local participation at all levels of global health knowledge generation promotes equitable access to evidence-based solutions. Additionally, leadership inclusive of competent local professionals promotes best outcomes for local contextualization and implementation of successful global health solutions...
November 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314385/erratum-to-training-nurses-in-task-shifting-strategies-for-the-management-and-control-of-hypertension-in-ghana-a-mixed-methods-study
#19
Joyce Gyamfi, Jacob Plange-Rhule, Juliet Iwelunmor, Debbie Lee, Sarah R Blackstone, Alicia Mitchell, Michael Ntim, Kingsley Apusiga, Bamidele Tayo, Kwasi Yeboah-Awudzi, Richard Cooper, Gbenga Ogedegbe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 17, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302557/prevalence-and-prognostic-features-of-ecg-abnormalities-in-acute-stroke-findings-from-the-siren-study-among-africans
#20
Abiodun M Adeoye, Okechukwu S Ogah, Bruce Ovbiagele, Rufus Akinyemi, Vincent Shidali, Francis Agyekum, Akinyemi Aje, Oladimeji Adebayo, Joshua O Akinyemi, Philip Kolo, Lambert Tetteh Appiah, Henry Iheonye, Uwanuruochi Kelechukwu, Amusa Ganiyu, Taiwo O Olunuga, Onoja Akpa, Ojo Olakanmi Olagoke, Fred Stephen Sarfo, Kolawole Wahab, Samuel Olowookere, Adekunle Fakunle, Albert Akpalu, Philip B Adebayo, Kwadwo Nkromah, Joseph Yaria, Philip Ibinaiye, Godwin Ogbole, Aridegbe Olumayowa, Sulaiman Lakoh, Benedict Calys-Tagoe, Paul Olowoyo, Chukwuonye Innocent, Hemant K Tiwari, Donna Arnett, Osaigbovo Godwin, Bisi Ayotunde, Josephine Akpalu, Okeke Obiora, Odo Joseph, Adeleye Omisore, Carolyn Jenkins, Daniel Lackland, Lukman Owolabi, Suleiman Isah, Abdu H Dambatta, Morenikeji Komolafe, Andrew Bock-Oruma, Ezinne Sylvia Melikam, Lucius Chidiebere Imoh, Taofiki Sunmonu, Mulugeta Gebregziabher, Oluyemisi Olabisi, Kevin Armstrong, Ugochukwu U Onyeonoro, Emmanuel Sanya, Atinuke M Agunloye, Luqman Ogunjimi, Oyedunni Arulogun, Temitope H Farombi, Olugbo Obiabo, Reginald Obiako, Mayowa Owolabi
BACKGROUND: Africa has a growing burden of stroke with associated high morbidity and a 3-year fatality rate of 84%. Cardiac disease contributes to stroke occurrence and outcomes, but the precise relationship of abnormalities as noted on a cheap and widely available test, the electrocardiogram (ECG), and acute stroke outcomes have not been previously characterized in Africans. OBJECTIVES: The study assessed the prevalence and prognoses of various ECG abnormalities among African acute stroke patients encountered in a multisite, cross-national epidemiologic study...
March 13, 2017: Global Heart
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