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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438159/prevalence-of-plasmodium-falciparum-and-non-p-falciparum-infections-in-a-highland-district-in-ghana-and-the-influence-of-hiv-and-sickle-cell-disease
#1
Ewurama D A Owusu, Charles A Brown, Martin P Grobusch, Petra Mens
BACKGROUND: In the past two decades, there has been a reported decline in malaria in Ghana and the rest of the world; yet it remains the number one cause of mortality and morbidity. Human immuno-deficiency virus (HIV) and sickle cell disease (SCD) share a common geographical space with malaria in sub-Saharan Africa and an interaction between these three conditions has been suggested. This study determined the Plasmodium falciparum and non-P. falciparum status of symptomatic and non-symptomatic residents of Mpraeso in the highlands of Kwahu-South district of Ghana based on evidence of current national decline...
April 24, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438133/evaluation-of-the-enhanced-meningitis-surveillance-system-yendi-municipality-northern-ghana-2010-2015
#2
Basil Benduri Kaburi, Chrysantus Kubio, Ernest Kenu, Kofi Mensah Nyarko, Jacob Yakubu Mahama, Samuel Oko Sackey, Edwin Andrew Afari
BACKGROUND: Meningitis is the inflammation of the meninges of the brain and or spinal cord. Global mortality rates vary from 2% to 30%. Epidemic meningitis remains a public health concern along the meningitis belt of Africa. Despite the operation of an enhanced meningitis surveillance system in Ghana, institutional mortality rates are estimated to range from 36% to 50%. In 2014, Yendi recorded 83 confirmed cases; with focal epidemics in some sub-municipals. We evaluated the system over a five-year period to find out whether it was achieving its objectives of systematic collection and analyses of data for the prevention or early detection of meningitis epidemics...
April 24, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437439/landscape-and-environmental-influences-on-mycobacterium-ulcerans-distribution-among-aquatic-sites-in-ghana
#3
Shannon M Pileggi, Heather Jordan, Julie A Clennon, Ellen Whitney, M Eric Benbow, Richard Merritt, Mollie McIntosh, Ryan Kimbirauskas, Pamela Small, Daniel Boakye, Charles Quaye, Jiaguo Qi, Lindsay Campbell, Jenni Gronseth, Edwin Ampadu, William Opare, Lance A Waller
Buruli ulcer, caused by Mycobacterium ulcerans, is highly endemic in West Africa. While the mode of transmission is unknown, many studies associate Buruli ulcer with different types of water exposure. We present results from the largest study to date to test for M. ulcerans in aquatic sites and identify environmental attributes associated with its presence. Environmental samples from 98 aquatic sites in the Greater Accra, Ashanti, and Volta regions of Ghana were tested for the presence of M. ulcerans DNA by polymerase chain reaction...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434612/tracking-nitrate-sources-in-groundwater-and-associated-health-risk-for-rural-communities-in-the-white-volta-river-basin-of-ghana-using-isotopic-approach-%C3%AE-15-n-%C3%AE-18-ono3-and-3-h
#4
Geophrey Anornu, Abass Gibrilla, Dickson Adomako
In this study, we present a first attempt on the use of integrated hydro-chemical and isotopic technique to trace the sources of groundwater nitrate contamination in the Upper East Region of Ghana to aid the sustainable management of this vital resource. The objectives of the study are (1) assess the present status and spatial distribution of the nitrate contamination (2) identify and distinguish the most likely sources of nitrate , (3) identify the relationship between (3)H and NO3(-) and F(-), and (4) ascertain the potential human risk from exposure to nitrate contamination...
April 21, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434050/prevalence-of-toxoplasma-gondii-infection-in-hiv-infected-patients-and-food-animals-and-direct-genotyping-of-t-gondii-isolates-southern-ghana
#5
Faustina Pappoe, Weisheng Cheng, Lin Wang, Yuanling Li, Dorcas Obiri-Yeboah, Samuel Victor Nuvor, Henock Ambachew, Xiaodong Hu, Qingli Luo, Deyong Chu, Yuanhong Xu, Jilong Shen
Toxoplasma gondii is of public health and veterinary importance causing severe diseases in immunocompromised individuals including HIV/AIDS patients and in congenital cases and animals. There is limited information on the epidemiology of T. gondii infection in humans, particularly HIV patients and food animals and the parasite genotypes in Ghana. A total of 394 HIV-infected patients from three hospitals were screened for T. gondii anti-IgG and IgM using ELISA. DNAs from blood samples of seropositve participants and 95 brain tissues of food animals were PCR assayed to detect Toxoplasma gra6...
April 22, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431571/unique-lcr-variations-among-lineages-of-hpv16-18-and-45-isolates-from-women-with-normal-cervical-cytology-in-ghana
#6
Adolf K Awua, Richard M K Adanu, Edwin K Wiredu, Edwin A Afari, Vanessa A Zubuch, Richard H Asmah, Alberto Severini
BACKGROUND: In addition to being useful for classification, sequence variations of human Papillomavirus (HPV) genotypes have been implicated in differential oncogenic potential and a differential association with the different histological forms of invasive cervical cancer. These associations have also been indicated for HPV genotype lineages and sub-lineages. In order to better understand the potential implications of lineage variation in the occurrence of cervical cancers in Ghana, we studied the lineages of the three most prevalent HPV genotypes among women with normal cytology as baseline to further studies...
April 21, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430032/sociocultural-hegemony-gendered-identity-and-use-of-traditional-and-complementary-medicine-in-ghana
#7
Razak Mohammed Gyasi, Daniel Buor, Samuel Adu-Gyamfi, Prince Osei-Wusu Adjei, Padmore Adusei Amoah
This study investigated the gender differences in use of traditional and complementary medicine (TCM) in Ghana. Using an interviewer-administered questionnaire, we collected data from March to June 2013 from 324 randomly sampled adults in the Ashanti Region. The prevalence of TCM use in the prior 12 months was 86%. Females constituted the majority (61%) of TCM users. Female TCM users were more likely than male users to have had only a basic education, been traders (p ˂ .0001), and had health insurance (p ˂ ...
April 21, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429061/natural-resource-management-schemes-as-entry-points-for-integrated-landscape-approaches-evidence-from-ghana-and-burkina-faso
#8
Samson Foli, Mirjam A F Ros-Tonen, James Reed, Terry Sunderland
In recognition of the failures of sectoral approaches to overcome global challenges of biodiversity loss, climate change, food insecurity and poverty, scientific discourse on biodiversity conservation and sustainable development is shifting towards integrated landscape governance arrangements. Current landscape initiatives however very much depend on external actors and funding, raising the question of whether, and how, and under what conditions, locally embedded resource management schemes can serve as entry points for the implementation of integrated landscape approaches...
April 20, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428878/immunization-dropout-rate-and-data-quality-among-children-12-23-months-of-age-in-ghana
#9
Benjamin Baguune, Joyce Aputere Ndago, Martin Nyaaba Adokiya
BACKGROUND: Immunization against diseases is one of the most important public health interventions with cost effective means to preventing childhood morbidity, mortality and disability. However, a proportion of children particularly in Africa are not fully immunized with the recommended vaccines. Thus, many children are still susceptible to the Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI) targeted diseases. The objective of this study was to determine the immunization dropout rate and data quality among children aged 12-23 months in Techiman Municipality, Ghana...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426342/perceived-ideal-body-size-of-ghanaian-women-not-too-skinny-but-not-too-fat
#10
Derek Anamaale Tuoyire, Akwasi Kumi-Kyereme, David Teye Doku, Joshua Amo-Adjei
Body size issues are gaining public health attention because of the fast rising epidemic of overweight and obesity across the globe. This study explored Ghanaian women's subjective perceptions regarding ideal body size for women. A purposive sampling strategy was employed in recruiting 36 women across the body weight spectrum from Tamale (n = 17) and Accra (n = 19) in Ghana. Qualitative data were obtained from in-depth interviews using a semi-structured interview guide. Data from the interviews were analysed deductively...
April 20, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423063/vitamin-d-status-and-its-association-with-insulin-resistance-among-type-2-diabetics-a-case-control-study-in-ghana
#11
Linda Ahenkorah Fondjo, William K B A Owiredu, Samuel Asamoah Sakyi, Edwin Ferguson Laing, Michael Acquaye Adotey-Kwofie, Enoch Odame Antoh, Eric Detoh
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D plays a major role in physiological processes that modulate mineral metabolism and immune function with probable link to several chronic and infectious conditions. Emerging data suggests a possible influence of vitamin D on glucose homeostasis. This study sought to provide preliminary information on vitamin D status among Ghanaian type 2 diabetics and assessed its association with glucose homeostasis. METHODS: In a case control study, 118 clinically diagnosed Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) patients attending Diabetic Clinic at the Nkawie Government Hospital were enrolled between October and December 2015...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421207/detection-of-human-papillomavirus-genotypes-and-epstein-barr-virus-in-nasopharyngeal-carcinomas-at-the-korle-bu-teaching-hospital-ghana
#12
Du-Bois Asante, Richard Harry Asmah, Andrew Anthony Adjei, Foster Kyei, David Larbi Simpong, Charles Addoquaye Brown, Richard Kwasi Gyasi
Nasopharyngeal carcinomas (NPC) are endemic in Far East Asia and commonly harbour Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) which is known to serve as a key oncogenic promoter. Human papillomavirus (HPV) is known to contribute to the pathogenesis of NPC. However, in Ghana these two viruses have not been linked to NPC prevalence. This study was designed to determine the HPV genotypes and EBV involved in NPC tissue biopsies. A retrospective study design involving 72 formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue (FFPET) samples of NPC from 2006 to 2012 were retrieved from the Department of Pathology, University of Ghana School of Biomedical and Allied Health Sciences...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420428/significant-heterogeneity-in-wolbachia-copy-number-within-and-between-populations-of-onchocerca-volvulus
#13
Samuel Armoo, Stephen R Doyle, Mike Y Osei-Atweneboana, Warwick N Grant
BACKGROUND: Wolbachia are intracellular bacteria found in arthropods and several filarial nematode species. The filarial Wolbachia have been proposed to be involved in the immunopathology associated with onchocerciasis. Higher Wolbachia-to-nematode ratios have been reported in the savannah-ecotype compared to the forest-ecotype, and have been interpreted as consistent with a correlation between Wolbachia density and disease severity. However, factors such as geographic stratification and ivermectin drug exposure can lead to significant genetic heterogeneity in the nematode host populations, so we investigated whether Wolbachia copy number variation is also associated with these underlying factors...
April 18, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415994/a-pathological-and-clinical-study-of-706-primary-tumours-of-the-ovary-in-the-largest-tertiary-hospital-in-ghana
#14
Patrick Kafui Akakpo, Leonard Derkyi-Kwarteng, Richard Kwasi Gyasi, Solomom Edward Quayson, Simon Naporo, Jehoram Tei Anim
BACKGROUND: Ovarian tumours are a leading cause of death in Ghana. Even though geographical and racial differences exist in the frequency, types and age distribution of primary ovarian tumours, information about the clinical and pathological characteristics of ovarian tumours in Ghana and its neighboring countries is scanty. We determined the frequency, age distribution, histopathological types and clinical features of primary ovarian tumours diagnosed at the Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital in Ghana to aid in the management of patients...
April 17, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413407/ophthalmia-secondary-to-cobra-venom-spitting-in-the-volta-region-ghana-a-case-report
#15
Maria Andrea Lanzetta, Mihaela Cirtita, Evelyn Aziebu, Momodou Cham, Paolo Lanzetta
PURPOSE: To report the first case of ophthalmia due to contact with cobra venom in the Volta Region, Ghana. METHODS: An ointment containing vitamin A was applied to treat the patient's unilateral defects in the corneal epithelium and the consequent diminished visual acuity. RESULTS: Healing of the corneal epithelium and improvement of visual acuity were observed after only 1 day. CONCLUSIONS: This case suggests that consequences of cases of cobra venom spitting in the eyes can be minimal if immediate treatment is provided...
January 2017: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412765/advanced-value-chain-collaboration-in-ghana-s-cocoa-sector-an-entry-point-for-integrated-landscape-approaches
#16
Howard Deans, Mirjam A F Ros-Tonen, Mercy Derkyi
Value chain analyses have focused mainly on collaboration between chain actors, often neglecting collaboration "beyond the chain" with non-chain actors to tackle food security, poverty and sustainability issues in the landscapes in which these value chains are embedded. Comparing conventional and advanced value chain collaborations involving small-scale cocoa farmers in Ghana, this paper analyzes the merits of a more integrated approach toward value chain collaboration. It particularly asks whether advanced value chain collaboration targeting cocoa-producing areas potentially offers an entry point for implementing a landscape approach...
April 15, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409179/vulva-cancer-in-ghana-review-of-a-hospital-based-data
#17
Mary Ann Dadzie, Charles A Aidoo, Verna Vanderpuye
•Seventy- 5% of vulvar cancer cases present with advance disease.•Definitive radiotherapy/chemoradiation is the main stay of treatment.•One third of patients default treatment.•Five year survival following radiotherapy was 36.7%.
May 2017: Gynecologic Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404840/household-coverage-with-adequately-iodized-salt-varies-greatly-between-countries-and-by-residence-type-and-socioeconomic-status-within-countries-results-from-10-national-coverage-surveys
#18
REVIEW
Jacky M Knowles, Greg S Garrett, Jonathan Gorstein, Roland Kupka, Ruth Situma, Kapil Yadav, Rizwan Yusufali, Chandrakant Pandav, Grant J Aaron
Background: Household coverage with iodized salt was assessed in 10 countries that implemented Universal Salt Iodization (USI).Objective: The objective of this paper was to summarize household coverage data for iodized salt, including the relation between coverage and residence type and socioeconomic status (SES).Methods: A review was conducted of results from cross-sectional multistage household cluster surveys with the use of stratified probability proportional to size design in Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Ghana, India, Indonesia, Niger, the Philippines, Senegal, Tanzania, and Uganda...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404839/coverage-of-nutrition-interventions-intended-for-infants-and-young-children-varies-greatly-across-programs-results-from-coverage-surveys-in-5-countries
#19
REVIEW
Magali Leyvraz, Grant J Aaron, Alia Poonawala, Marti J van Liere, Dominic Schofield, Mark Myatt, Lynnette M Neufeld
Background: The efficacy of a number of interventions that include fortified complementary foods (FCFs) or other products to improve infant and young child feeding (IYCF) is well established. Programs that provide such products free or at a subsidized price are implemented in many countries around the world. Demonstrating the impact at scale of these programs has been challenging, and rigorous information on coverage and utilization is lacking.Objective: The objective of this article is to review key findings from 11 coverage surveys of IYCF programs distributing or selling FCFs or micronutrient powders in 5 countries...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404513/correlation-of-diabetes-mellitus-and-body-weight-of-adults-above-the-age-of-30-years-in-a-medical-facility-in-ghana
#20
Frederick Vuvor, Godfred Egbi
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a metabolic disorder characterized by insufficient insulin production or ineffective pancreatic secretions. In Ghana, the prevalence of DM was estimated to be 6.3% amongst men and women older than 30 years living in the Greater Accra region. The disease can be determined by various means including the use of the multistix that assesses the presence of glucose in urine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, 100 subjects were sampled made up of 65% males and 35% females whose urine samples were verified using multistix...
April 4, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
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