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Eric A Ramos, Delma N Castelblanco-Martínez, Jazmin Garcia, Jorge Rojas Arias, James R Foley, Katherina Audley, Koen Van Waerebeek, Marie-Françoise Van Bressem
Lobomycosis and lobomycosis-like diseases (LLD) (also: paracoccidioidomycosis) are chronic cutaneous infections that affect Delphinidae in tropical and subtropical regions worldwide. In the Americas, these diseases have been relatively well-described, but gaps still exist in our understanding of their distribution across the continent. Here we report on LLD affecting inshore bottlenose dolphins Tursiops truncatus from the Caribbean waters of Belize and from the eastern tropical Pacific Ocean off the southwestern coast of Mexico...
March 22, 2018: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
María Rubí Vargas, Efraín Alonso Terrazas-Medina, Ahideé Guadalupe Leyva-López, Sandra Lidia Peralta-Peña, Lea Aurora Cupul-Uicab
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies suggest that low consumption as well as low serum levels of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) omega-3 and a high omega-6/omega-3 ratio may be implicated in the etiology of depressive disorders, however, epidemiologic evidence is inconclusive. OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship of serum levels of omega-3 fatty acids (docosahexaenoic [DHA], eicosapentaenoic [EPA], alpha-linolenic fatty acid [ALA]) and the omega-6 (arachidonic acid [AA])/EPA ratio with depressive symptoms among Mexican college students...
November 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
(no author information available yet)
In the context of the White Book of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (PRM) in Europe, this paper describes the background to the context of PRM services and comprises the following: - Epidemiological Aspects of Functioning and Disability - Ethical Aspects and Human Rights - Rehabilitation and Health Systems - Economic Burden of Disability - Effects of Lack of Rehabilitation Health care service planning accounts for the burden of disability among society and the chapter describes the justification for specialist rehabilitation, the background of PRM and why making a functional diagnosis and a management plan based on function is its core competence...
April 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Eric Thouvenot, Geoffrey Hinsinger, Christophe Demattei, Ugur Uygunoglu, Giovanni Castelnovo, Sophie Pittion-Vouyovitch, Darin Okuda, Orhun Kantarci, Daniel Pelletier, Sylvain Lehmann, Philippe Marin, Aksel Siva, Christine Lebrun
BACKGROUND: Younger age, male sex and presence of spinal cord lesion(s) increase the risk of conversion from radiologically isolated syndrome (RIS) to relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). Elevated cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) chitinase-3-like protein 1 (CHI3L1) levels predict conversion from clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) to RRMS. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prognostic value of CSF CHI3L1 in RIS patients for conversion to RRMS. METHODS: We compared CSF CHI3L1 concentrations in RIS, CIS, RRMS and symptomatic controls (SCs)...
March 1, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
L Daniel Maxim, Mark J Utell
This literature review on refractory ceramic fibers (RCF) summarizes relevant information on manufacturing, processing, applications, occupational exposure, toxicology and epidemiology studies. Rodent toxicology studies conducted in the 1980s showed that RCF caused fibrosis, lung cancer and mesothelioma. Interpretation of these studies was difficult for various reasons (e.g. overload in chronic inhalation bioassays), but spurred the development of a comprehensive product stewardship program under EPA and later OSHA oversight...
March 22, 2018: Inhalation Toxicology
A Hernández, G Yagüe, E García Vázquez, M Simón, L Moreno Parrado, M Canteras, J Gómez
OBJECTIVE: Pseudomonas aeruginosa is one of the major pathogens causing hospital-acquired infections. In recent years, antimicrobial resistance is increasing and multidrug resistant (MDR) and extremely drug resistant (XDR) isolates have been associated with an increase of mortality. The aim of this study is to assess the clinical significance and analyze predictors and prognostic factors. METHODS: Prospective case-control non-paired study involving 64 patients with P...
March 21, 2018: Revista Española de Quimioterapia: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Quimioterapia
M de Frutos, L López-Urrutia, C Berbel, M Allue, S Herrera, J M Azcona, X Beristaín, E Aznar, M Albert, C Ruiz, J M Eiros
This report presents an outbreak of monophasic Salmonella enteric serovar Typhimurium fagotipe 4, 5, 12: i:-, in a motorcycle concentration in Valladolid. Information was collected to one hundred and twelve affected from seven Spanish Autonomous Communities. The epidemiological investigation associated the outbreak with the consumption of roast pork with sauce sandwiches sold at a street market in that event.
March 20, 2018: Revista Española de Quimioterapia: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Quimioterapia
S Blecha, H J Schlitt, B M Graf, M Leitzmann, T Bein
BACKGROUND: In critical illnesses low socioeconomic status (SES) is associated with higher morbidity and mortality. In addition to the SES, further factors at an individual level (e.g., sex, health insurance status and place of residence) may influence the severity of illness and medical treatment. We investigated these additional parameters in a secondary analysis of the ECSSTASI data. METHODS: Within the framework of the ECSSTASI study, 996 patients were recruited from a surgical intensive care unit...
March 21, 2018: Der Anaesthesist
Mohammad-Ali Abtahi, Alireza Zandi, Hassan Razmjoo, Sara Ghaffari, Seyed-Mojtaba Abtahi, Hamidreza Jahanbani-Ardakani, Zahra Kasaei, Samira Kasaei-Koupaei, Sepideh Sajjadi, Seyed-Ali Sonbolestan, Seyed-Hossein Abtahi
Purpose: Ameloblastoma is a non-encapsulated and slow-growing tumor with high recurrence rate. Orbital involvement by this neoplasm is an extremely rare entity. In this study, we present a systematic review on this situation along with clinical and paraclinical features of a case. Methods: An electronic search was conducted on major medical sources. Data of the cases in the literature in addition to our own case were extracted, summarized, and statistically analyzed...
March 2018: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Brian S W Chong, Christopher J Brereton, Alexander Gordon, Joshua S Davis
Background: Pyogenic vertebral osteomyelitis (PVO) is rising in incidence, but optimal methods of investigation and duration of antibiotic therapy remain controversial. Methods: We conducted a single-center retrospective cohort study of PVO at an Australian teaching hospital. We included all adults with a first episode of PVO between 2006 and 2015. PVO was defined based on the presence of prespecified clinical and radiological criteria. The main exposures of interest were investigation strategy and antibiotic treatment...
March 2018: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
Fuyong Jiao, Ankur Kumar Jindal, Vignesh Pandiarajan, Raju Khubchandani, Nutan Kamath, Tapas Sabui, Rakesh Mondal, Priyankar Pal, Surjit Singh
Kawasaki disease (KD) is recognized as a leading cause of acquired heart disease in children in developed countries. Although global in distribution, Japan records the highest incidence of KD in the world. Epidemiological reports from the two most populous countries in the world, namely China and India, indicate that KD is now being increasingly recognized. Whether this increased reporting is due to increased ascertainment, or is due to a true increase in incidence, remains a matter of conjecture. The diagnosis and management of KD in developing countries is a challenging proposition...
October 31, 2017: Global Cardiology Science & Practice
Ming-Tai Lin, Mei-Hwan Wu
Kawasaki disease (KD) is one of the most common childhood vasculitides and may lead to coronary arterial complications. KD has been reported in more than 60 countries over five continents. Previous publications have provided a comprehensive description of the epidemiologic features of KD including incidence, age of onset, seasonal trends, and rates of cardiac lesions. However, the interactions among the KD patients, time (seasons) and place have been less well studied. We review the current global epidemiology of KD and focus on the longitudinal changes in incidence, seasonality and response to intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) therapy...
October 31, 2017: Global Cardiology Science & Practice
Jun-Il Yoo, Yong-Chan Ha
Sarcopenia was listed in the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-10-CM) as M62.84, on October 1, 2016. Sarcopenia is primarily associated with metabolic diseases, such as diabetes, obesity, and cachexia, as well as chronic renal failure, congestive heart failure, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Sarcopenia is also significantly associated with osteoporosis in elderly populations and the combined disease is defined as osteosarcopenia. Several studies have confirmed that sarcopenia and osteoporosis (osteosarcopenia) share common risk factors and biological pathways...
February 2018: Journal of Bone Metabolism
Jaseena Nadu Veetil, Vijayan Ampaya Parambath, Bijayraj Rajanbabu, Sangeetha Suresh
Context: Drowning is a major, but often neglected, public health problem. Drowning is the second leading cause of death from unintentional injuries, after road traffic injuries. According to the World Health Organization, 0.7% of all deaths worldwide (>500,000 deaths) each year are due to unintentional drowning. In India, very little is known about the epidemiology of drowning. There is almost no awareness or protocols to prevent drowning. Objectives: The objective is to study the prevalence, risk factors, and types of drowning among school children in the Malabar region...
October 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Dewesh Kumar, Shashi Bhushan Singh, Abhishek Kumar, Anupam Kishore, Vivek Kashyap
Background: Following news of deaths in two districts of Jharkhand (West Singhbum and Garhwa) in November 2016, epidemiological investigations were contemplated to investigate any current outbreak of falciparum malaria and deaths attributed to it. Methodology: The epidemiological investigations, verbal autopsy of suspected deaths attributed to malaria and keys interviews were conducted in the 2nd and 4th week of November 2016 in Khuntpani and Dhurki block of West Singhbum and Garhwa districts, respectively, following a strict protocol...
October 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Madalyn G Neuwirth, Andrew J Epstein, Giorgos C Karakousis, Ronac Mamtani, E Carter Paulson
Background: Evidence suggests that resection of synchronous hepatic metastases (SHM) in stage IV colon cancer is safe and can improve survival in select patients. Little is known, however, about the use of hepatic resection in this setting on a population level. The aim of this study was to describe trends in resection rates of SHM in patients with stage IV colon cancer using a large national cohort database. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was performed of stage IV colon cancer patients during 2000-2011 in Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) Medicare data who had diagnosis codes confirming SHM...
February 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
Wee Ming Koh, Hishamuddin Badaruddin, Hanh La, Mark I-Cheng Chen, Alex R Cook
Background: Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) affects millions of children across Asia annually, leading to an increase in implemented control policies such as surveillance, isolation and social distancing in affected jurisdictions. However, limited knowledge of disease burden and severity causes difficulty in policy optimisation as the associated economic cost cannot be easily estimated. We use a data synthesis approach to provide a comprehensive picture of HFMD disease burden, estimating infection risk, symptomatic rates, the risk of complications and death, and overall disability-adjusted life-year (DALY) losses, along with associated uncertainties...
2018: BMJ Global Health
Hsiu-Wu Yang, Yu-Jang Su
Purple urine bag syndrome (PUBS) is rarely observed in clinical practice. The present study aimed to identify the epidemiological trends in PUBS in recent decades. A search of PubMed articles published between 1980 October and 2016 August was conducted, in which 106 articles (174 cases) described PUBS. Of these cases, 58 cases were excluded: 14 cases without mention of gender, 4 cases without description of age, 37 cases without mention of white blood cell (WBC) count, shock status, fever status or description of etiology, and 3 cases without information on mortality...
March 2018: Biomedical Reports
Marthie M Ehlers, Wilhelmina Strasheim, Michelle Lowe, Veronica Ueckermann, Marleen M Kock
Staphylococcus epidermidis is one of the most prevalent pathogens implicated in catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSI) at an academic hospital in Pretoria, South Africa. Little is known about the clonality and the prevalence of antibiotic resistance and virulence genes in S. epidermidis (e.g., ica AB, IS 256, mec A, and qac A/B). A total of 508 intravascular catheters (IVCs) from 331 patients were submitted for culture from May to October 2013. Only 50% ( n = 253/508) of the IVCs were accompanied by blood cultures (BCs) taken within 48 h...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Nambram S Singh, Neelja Singhal, Jugsharan S Virdi
The presence of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) including those expressing ESBLs and AmpC-β-lactamases in Escherichia coli inhabiting the aquatic environments is a serious health problem. The situation is further complicated by the fact that ARGs can be easily transferred among bacterial species with the help of mobile genetic elements - plasmids, integrons, insertion sequences (IS), and transposons. Therefore, the analysis of genetic environment and mobile genetic elements associated with ARGs is important as these provide useful information about the epidemiology of these genes...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
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