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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738666/influence-of-kitesurf-equipment-on-injury-rates
#1
Sebastian F Baumbach, Tanja Stawinski, Daniel Schmitz, Carsten Schoeneberg, Marcus Jäger, Christian Wedemeyer, Max D Kauther
BACKGROUND: Various injuries in kitesurfing (KS) have been reported so far. The aim of this study was to validate the effect of different kite designs and safety equipment on the injury rate compared to older studies. METHODS: A retrospective epidemiological study based on an anonymous face-to-face survey was conducted amongst active kitesurfers. The questionnaire consisted of 66 questions focusing on the equipment used, injury rates, overuse injuries and gender differences...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738489/-trend-analysis-on-the-death-rate-of-ischemic-heart-disease-and-cerebrovascular-disease-among-xuzhou-residents-from-2011-to-2015
#2
P P Chen, P A Lou, P Zhang, C Qiao, T Li, Z M Dong
Objective: To analyze the epidemiological characteristics and trend of ischemic heart disease and cerebrovascular disease mortality among Xuzhou residents from 2011 to 2015. Methods: The mortality data of the ischemic heart disease and cerebrovascular disease were obtained from the registration disease surveillance system covering the residents of the city from 2011 to 2015. Ischemic heart disease and cerebrovascular disease were identified according to the international classification of diseases (ICD-10), Ischemic heart diseases include I20 to I25 (angina pectoris, acute myocardial infarction, certain current complications following acute myocardial infarction, other acute ischemic heart diseases chronic ischemic heart disease); cerebrovascular diseases include I60 to I69 (subarachnoid hemorrhage, intracerebral hemorrhage, other non-traumatic hemorrhage, cerebral infarction, stroke not specified as hemorrhage or infarction, other cerebrovascular diseases, sequelae of cerebrovascular disease)...
July 24, 2017: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738481/-progress-in-research-of-relationship-between-ambient-air-pm-2-5-and-lung-diseases
#3
Y Xia, L Fan, Y Guan, S Y Liu, Y Xiao
Fine Particulate Matter (PM(2.5)-particles with an aerodynamic diameter ≤2.5 μm) can penetrate deeply into the lung, deposit in the alveoli, and consequently impair lung function. Both short term and long term exposures to PM(2.5) are associated with the incidence of respiratory diseases (e.g. asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, lung cancer). This paper summarizes the effects of ambient air PM(2.5) exposure on human respiratory system revealed by epidemiological studies.
July 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738480/-epidemiological-study-of-sleep-disorder-in-the-elderly
#4
Y Tian, L M Li
As a common health problem in modern society, sleep disorder have a high incidence in the elderly population, which seriously affect the quality of life and physical and mental health of the elderly, and can even aggravate to cause diseases. This review summarizes main research findings in the field of sleep disorder during the past 20 years, describes the sleeping characteristics of elderly, the epidemiological distribution of sleep disorder and possible influencing factors, and finally suggests appropriate measures for the prevention of sleep disorder...
July 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738473/-hoof-genotyping-characteristics-of-brucella-melitensis-strains-isolated-in-ulanqab-of-inner-mongolia-autonomous-region
#5
Z G Liu, M Wang, R H Liu, X J Shang, B Y Cui
Objective: To investigate the HOOF genotyping characteristics of 83 Brucella (B.) melitensis strains isolated in Ulanqab of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region from 2012 to 2015. Methods: A total of 83 B. melitensis strains were detected by convention identification and AMOS-PCR, then HOOF protocol with eight VNTR locus were used for the genotyping of the strains, and the allelic diversity of each VNTR locus and the discriminatory power of VNTR typing of HOOF were assessed by Hunter-Gaston Discriminatory index...
July 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738467/-epidemiological-survey-of-prevalence-of-hiv-infection-syphilis-and-hepatitis-c-in-female-sex-workers-and-other-6-risk-populations-in-tibet-autonomous-region
#6
S Lu, Y Cui, W Guo, D M Li, J Sun
Objective: To understand the prevalence of HIV infection, syphilis and hepatitis C and related behavioral factors in female sex workers (FSWs) and other 6 risk populations in Tibet Autonomous Region. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 2 000 FSWs, 200 men who have sex with men (MSM), 200 drug users, 1 200 male migrants, 5 600 young students, as well as hospital patients and pregnant women in Lhasa, Qamdo, Nyingchi, Xigaze Shannan, Ali and Nagqum from June to December 2015. Face to face interviews were conducted to collect their demographic and behavioral information, and blood samples were collected for the tests of HIV, syphilis and hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibodies...
July 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738466/-a-large-scale-cohort-study-on-aids-in-communities-in-dali-yunnan-province-2014-2015
#7
M Y Xiao, X M Chen, Y L Ma, L R Fu, J Niu, Z J Chen, H Y Li, Q L Wang, L J Song, H B Luo
Objective: To understand HIV incidence in community residents and epidemiological characteristics of newly detected HIV infection cases in Dali, Yunnan province. Methods: A cohort study was conducted among 146 720 community residents who were tested to be HIV negative during 2010-2011, they were followed-up from June 1, 2014 to May 31, 2015. Results: A total of 136 356 community residents received follow up (92.9%). The follow-up time was 0.23-5.40 years (medium: 3.43 years), cumulatively 459 675 person years, and 78 people were found to be HIV positive...
July 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738464/-analysis-on-risk-factors-for-norovirus-outbreaks-in-guangdong-province-2008-2015
#8
F Yang, L M Sun, H Li, L L Guo, L Fang, X H Tan, Y F Long, C W Ke, J F He
Objective: To analyze transmission factors of norovirus outbreaks in Guangdong province during 2008-2015 and provide evidence for the prevention and control of norovirus infection. Methods: Epidemiological analysis was performed on the data of norovirus outbreaks reported in Guangdong from January 1, 2008 to December 31, 2015, which were obtained from the Public Health Emergency Management Information System of Guangdong province. The samples collected from the norovirus outbreaks were detected for norovirus by RT-PCR and the gene sequencing of the positive PCR products were performed...
July 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738351/major-depression-as-a-neuroprogressive-prelude-to-dementia-what-is-the-evidence
#9
Brian E Leonard
Epidemiological studies implicate chronic depression as a predisposing factor for dementia in later life. However, the link is incompletely understood and controversial. The aim of this review is to consider some of the biological factors that contribute to neuroprogressive brain dysfunction in late life as a consequence of prolonged, low-grade inflammation in the course of depressive episodes. As chronic inflammation is known to precipitate increased apoptosis of neurons and astrocytes, this could be a contributing factor to brain dysfunction...
2017: Modern Trends in Pharmacopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738292/u-shaped-relationship-between-depression-and-body-mass-index-in-the-korean-adults
#10
J-H Lee, S K Park, J-H Ryoo, C-M Oh, J-M Choi, R S McIntyre, R B Mansur, H Kim, S Hales, J Y Jung
BACKGROUND: Although a number of studies have examined the relationship between depression and obesity, it is still insufficient to establish the specific pattern of relationship between depression and body mass index (BMI) categories. Thus, this study was aimed to investigate the relationship between depression and BMI categories. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted for a cohort of 159,390 Korean based on Kangbuk Samsung Health Study (KSHS). Study participants were classified into 5 groups by Asian-specific cut-off of BMI (18...
June 3, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738268/descriptive-epidemiology-of-primary-malignant-and-non-malignant-central-nervous-tumors-in-spain-results-from-the-girona-cancer-registry-1994-2013
#11
Rafael Fuentes-Raspall, Marta Solans, Aina Roca-Barceló, Loreto Vilardell, Montse Puigdemont, Sonia Del Barco, Raquel Comas, Adelaida García-Velasco, Aurora Astudillo, Mª Carme Carmona-Garcia, Rafael Marcos-Gragera
BACKGROUND: Systematic registration of non-malignant central nervous system (CNS) tumors is a rare practice among European cancer registries. Thus, the real burden of all CNS tumors across Europe is underestimated. The Girona Cancer Registry provides here the first data on CNS tumor incidence and survival trends in Spain for all histological types, including malignant and non-malignant tumors. METHODS: Data on all incident cases of primary CNS tumors notified to the Girona population-based cancer registry from 1994 to 2013 (n=2,131) were reviewed...
July 21, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738263/prenatal-exposure-to-pm2-5-and-birth-weight-a-pooled-analysis-from-three-north-american-longitudinal-pregnancy-cohort-studies
#12
Maria José Rosa, Ashley Pajak, Allan C Just, Perry E Sheffield, Itai Kloog, Joel Schwartz, Brent Coull, Michelle Bosquet Enlow, Andrea A Baccarelli, Kathi Huddleston, John E Niederhuber, Martha María Téllez Rojo, Robert O Wright, Chris Gennings, Rosalind J Wright
A common practice when analyzing multi-site epidemiological data is to include a term for 'site' to account for unmeasured effects at each location. This practice should be carefully considered when site can have complex relationships with important demographic and exposure variables. We leverage data from three longitudinal North American pregnancy cohorts to demonstrate a novel method to assess study heterogeneity and potential combinability of studies for pooled analyses in order to better understand how to consider site in analyses...
July 21, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738160/atrial-selective-k-channel-blockers-potential-antiarrhythmic-drugs-in-atrial-fibrillation
#13
Ursula Ravens
In the wake of demographic change in Western countries atrial fibrillation has reached an epidemiological scale, yet current strategies for drug treatment of the arrhythmia lack sufficient efficacy and safety. In search of novel medications, atrial-selective drugs that specifically target atrial over other cardiac functions have been developed. In this lecture, I will address drugs acting on potassium (K+) channels that are either predominantly expressed in atria or possess electrophysiological properties distinct in atria from ventricles...
July 24, 2017: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737990/cost-effectiveness-of-novel-agents-in-medicare-patients-with-multiple-myeloma-findings-from-a-u-s-payer-s-perspective
#14
Ying Chen, David R Lairson, Wenyaw Chan, Jinhai Huo, Xianglin L Du
BACKGROUND: Since multiple myeloma (MM) incurs a substantial economic burden in care management, more and more discussion has been generated in recent years about the costs of novel antimyeloma drugs and their associated value. Because of these costs, economic assessment that quantifies value of care over the long-term is essential. OBJECTIVE: To determine the cost-effectiveness (measured as cost per life-year saved) of front-line novel agent-based therapy use among a cohort of elderly patients with MM in a real-world setting...
August 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737874/-brain-abscess-in-children-ten-years-of-experience-in-a-third-level-pediatric-hospital
#15
Martín Brizuela, Guadalupe Pérez, Soledad Martiren, Ana N Varela Baino, Carola Cedillo, Silvina Ruvinsky, Carolina Epelbaum, Adela Isasmendi, Mirta Litterio, José L Pinheiro, Rosa Bologna
Brain abscess is a focal infection that occurs with a frequency of 0.3-1.3 cases per 100,000 people/year. We describe the epidemiology, clinical and microbiology characteristics of 38 children diagnosed with brain abscess hospitalized between 4/1/2005 and 12/31/2015 at Hospital de Pediatría "Prof. Dr. Juan P. Garrahan" in Buenos Aires City. Twenty-four patients were male. The median age was 132 months. Predisposing factors were detected in 25 children. The median evolution from onset of symptoms to the visit was 7 days...
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737865/unusual-increase-of-cases-of-myelitis-in-a-pediatric-hospital-in-argentina
#16
Guadalupe Pérez, María T Rosanova, María C Freire, María I Paz, Silvina Ruvinsky, Carlos Rugilo, Víctor Ruggieri, Daniel Cisterna, Soledad Martiren, Cristina Lema, Andrea Savransky, Soledad González, Leila Martínez, Diana Viale, Rosa Bologna
INTRODUCTION: The association between enterovirus D68 and acute flaccid myelitis was first described in the United States in 2014. Since then, sporadic cases have been reported in Canada and Europe. This study describes a series of cases of acute flaccid myelitis at Hospital de Pediatría "Prof. Dr. Juan P. Garrahan," in Buenos Aires, Argentina, during 2016. METHODS: Descriptive, retrospective study. All patients with acute flaccid myelitis and lesions in the spinal cord involving the gray matter, as observed in the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan, hospitalized from 04/01/2016 to 07/01/2016, were included in the study...
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737622/changes-in-the-nature-and-severity-of-invasive-pneumococcal-disease-in-children-before-and-after-the-7-valent-and-13-valent-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccine-programs-in-calgary-canada
#17
Leah J Ricketson, Nicholas G Conradi, Otto G Vanderkooi, James D Kellner
BACKGROUND: Since the introduction of childhood pneumococcal conjugate vaccines, invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) incidence has decreased in children and the predominant serotypes causing disease have changed. This study describes changes in the clinical features of IPD in children (<18 years) before and after conjugate vaccine introduction. METHODS: The Calgary Area Streptococcus pneumoniae Epidemiology Research (CASPER) study collects information on all IPD cases in Calgary, Alberta, Canada...
July 20, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737601/new-ways-to-detect-pediatric-sickle-cell-retinopathy-a-comprehensive-review
#18
Daniel A Pahl, Nancy S Green, Monica Bhatia, Royce W S Chen
Sickle retinopathy reflects disease-related vascular injury of the eye, which can potentially result in visual loss from vitreous hemorrhage or retinal detachment. Here we review sickle retinopathy among children with sickle cell disease, describe the epidemiology, pediatric risk factors, pathophysiology, ocular findings, and treatment. Newer, more sensitive ophthalmological imaging modalities are available for retinal imaging, including ultra-widefield fluorescein angiography, spectral-domain optical coherence tomography, and optical coherence tomography angiography...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737598/epidemiology-and-outcomes-of-cardiac-arrest-in-pediatric-cardiac-icus
#19
Jeffrey A Alten, Darren Klugman, Tia T Raymond, David S Cooper, Janet E Donohue, Wenying Zhang, Sara K Pasquali, Michael G Gaies
OBJECTIVES: In-hospital cardiac arrest occurs in 2.6-6% of children with cardiac disease and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Much remains unknown about cardiac arrest in pediatric cardiac ICUs; therefore, we aimed to describe cardiac arrest epidemiology in a contemporary multicenter cardiac ICU cohort. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis within the Pediatric Cardiac Critical Care Consortium clinical registry. SETTING: Cardiac ICUs within 23 North American hospitals...
July 21, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737550/intestinal-cestodes
#20
Camille Webb, Miguel M Cabada
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cestodes infections in humans are among the most prevalent parasitosis worldwide. Although tapeworm infection is often asymptomatic, they can be associated with a range of symptoms. The landscape of cestode infections is changing with rapid diagnosis techniques and advanced molecular diagnosis aiding in identification of species specific epidemiology. RECENT FINDINGS: Traditional descriptions of species by location have been challenged with molecular diagnostic techniques, which show variation in distribution of species, thought to be because of globalization and importation of disease...
July 22, 2017: Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases
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