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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215055/occupational-hazards-for-home-care-nurses-across-the-rural-to-urban-gradient-in-ontario-canada
#1
Matthew Wong, Margaret Saari, Erin Patterson, Martine Puts, Ann E Tourangeau
The purpose of this paper was to describe occupational hazards for nurses working in home care (HC) and explore how they differ across the rural-to-urban gradient. Responses (n = 823) from a cross-sectional survey conducted in 2012 of HC nurses registered to practise nursing in the Province of Ontario, Canada were used. Using chi-square analysis and posthoc pairwise tests with a Bonferroni correction, 14 occupational hazards were individually tested for differences between four geographical settings (rural, town, suburban or urban areas)...
February 19, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215037/the-italian-dystonia-registry-rationale-design-and-preliminary-findings
#2
Giovanni Defazio, M Esposito, G Abbruzzese, C L Scaglione, G Fabbrini, G Ferrazzano, S Peluso, R Pellicciari, A F Gigante, G Cossu, R Arca, L Avanzino, F Bono, M R Mazza, L Bertolasi, R Bacchin, R Eleopra, C Lettieri, F Morgante, M C Altavista, L Polidori, R Liguori, S Misceo, G Squintani, M Tinazzi, R Ceravolo, E Unti, L Magistrelli, M Coletti Moja, N Modugno, M Petracca, N Tambasco, M S Cotelli, M Aguggia, A Pisani, M Romano, M Zibetti, A R Bentivoglio, A Albanese, P Girlanda, A Berardelli
The Italian Dystonia Registry is a multicenter data collection system that will prospectively assess the phenomenology and natural history of adult-onset dystonia and will serve as a basis for future etiological, pathophysiological and therapeutic studies. In the first 6 months of activity, 20 movement disorders Italian centres have adhered to the registry and 664 patients have been recruited. Baseline historical information from this cohort provides the first general overview of adult-onset dystonia in Italy...
February 18, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214933/findings-from-american-indian-needs-assessments
#3
Linda Burhansstipanov, Linda U Krebs, Lisa Harjo, Kathleen Ragan, Judith Salmon Kaur, Vickie Marsh, Dewey Painter
Because of decreased access and dismal survival rates, strategies need to be developed to increase cancer awareness and facilitate cancer prevention, early detection, and screening activities within American Indian (AI) populations. The purpose of this study was to develop a locally tailored needs assessment to collect cancer prevention, control, and risk factor information and knowledge, attitude, and perceived behavior (hereafter referred to as "needs assessment") data from 500 community members living in 3 geographically diverse settings: the Southeastern USA, the Rocky Mountain region, and the Northern Plains...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214908/-integrated-patient-centered-care-in-community-health-centers-in-italy-performance-evaluation
#4
Piero Salvadori
In Italy, a "Casa della Salute" (or "House of Health"), translated for the purposes of this article as Community Health Center (CHC), is a public center (of the national public healthcare system), where one can find allocated all primary community healthcare services centered on prevention, treatment and rehabilitation of the citizen in the same physical space, including general practitioner offices, outpatient specialist clinics, and social services. CHCs assure patient-centered primary care services and are the ideal place for applying the Chronic Care Model...
November 2016: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214574/minimally-invasive-versus-open-approach-for-cystectomy-trends-in-the-utilization-and-demographic-or-clinical-predictors-using-the-national-cancer-database-ncdb
#5
Andrew G Bachman, Alexander A Parker, Marshall D Shaw, Brian W Cross, Kelly L Stratton, Michael S Cookson, Sanjay G Patel
OBJECTIVES: To examine temporal national trends of operative approach for cystectomy and identify demographic or clinical predictive factors that influence choice of approach. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of patients who underwent cystectomy for bladder cancer between 2010 and 2013 using the National Cancer Database (NCDB). Approach was stratified by open vs. minimally invasive (robotic or laparoscopic). Univariate Pearson chi-square and multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to assess relationships between demographic and hospital factors and the receipt of minimally invasive or open surgical approach...
February 15, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214519/detection-and-quantification-of-soil-transmitted-helminths-in-environmental-samples-a-review-of-current-state-of-the-art-and-future-perspectives
#6
REVIEW
Isaac Dennis Amoah, Gulshan Singh, Thor Axel Stenström, Poovendhree Reddy
It is estimated that over a billion people are infected with soil-transmitted helminths (STHs) globally with majority occurring in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. The roundworm (Ascaris lumbricoides), whipworm (Trichuris trichiura), and hookworms (Anclostoma duodenale and Necator americanus) are the main species infecting people. These infections are mostly gained through exposure to faecally contaminated water, soil or contaminated food and with an increase in the risk of infections due to wastewater and sludge reuse in agriculture...
February 15, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214357/nesting-habits-influence-population-genetic-structure-of-a-bee-living-in-anthropogenic-disturbance
#7
J L Vickruck, M H Richards
While most organisms are negatively affected by anthropogenic disturbance, a few species thrive in landscapes altered by humans. Typically, native bees are negatively impacted by anthropogenic environmental change, including habitat alteration and climate change. Here we investigate the population structure of the eastern carpenter bee Xylocopa virginica, a generalist pollinator with a broad geographic range spanning eastern North America. Eastern carpenter bees now nest almost exclusively in human made wooden structures, linking their geographic distribution and population structure to human activities and disturbance...
February 18, 2017: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214120/linking-potential-heat-source-and-sink-to-urban-heat-island-heterogeneous-effects-of-landscape-pattern-on-land-surface-temperature
#8
Weifeng Li, Qiwen Cao, Kun Lang, Jiansheng Wu
Rapid urbanization has significantly contributed to the development of urban heat island (UHI). Regulating landscape composition and configuration would help mitigate the UHI in megacities. Taking Shenzhen, China, as a case study area, we defined heat source and heat sink and identified strong and weak sources as well as strong and weak sinks according to the natural and socioeconomic factors influencing land surface temperature (LST). Thus, the potential thermal contributions of heat source and heat sink patches were differentiated...
February 14, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214058/phylogenetic-multilocus-sequence-analysis-of-indigenous-slow-growing-rhizobia-nodulating-cowpea-vigna-unguiculata-l-in-greece
#9
Anastasia P Tampakaki, Christos T Fotiadis, Georgia Ntatsi, Dimitrios Savvas
Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is a promiscuous grain legume, capable of establishing efficient symbiosis with diverse symbiotic bacteria, mainly slow-growing rhizobial species belonging to the genus Bradyrhizobium. Although much research has been done on cowpea-nodulating bacteria in various countries around the world, little is known about the genetic and symbiotic diversity of indigenous cowpea rhizobia in European soils. In the present study, the genetic and symbiotic diversity of indigenous rhizobia isolated from field-grown cowpea nodules in three geographically different Greek regions were studied...
February 2, 2017: Systematic and Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213657/the-roles-of-uvb-and-vitamin-d-in-reducing-risk-of-cancer-incidence-and-mortality-a-review-of-the-epidemiology-clinical-trials-and-mechanisms
#10
REVIEW
Meis Moukayed, William B Grant
Global cancer incidence and mortality rates are high and increasing. Thus, it is imperative to find novel solutions to preventing cancer incidence and treating it at an affordable yet efficacious manner. The solar UVB-vitamin D-cancer hypothesis was first proposed in 1980 based on a geographical ecological study. Since then, numerous ecological and observational studies as well as studies of mechanisms have provided support for the hypothesis. However, observational studies have not provided consistent support, in part due to using a single blood draw from any season to use for serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentration in prospective studies with long follow-up times...
February 17, 2017: Reviews in Endocrine & Metabolic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213654/molecular-epidemiology-of-leptospira-serogroup-pomona-infections-among-wild-and-domestic-animals-in-spain
#11
Z J Arent, C Gilmore, J M San-Miguel Ayanz, L Quevedo Neyra, F J García-Peña
Strains of Leptospira serogroup Pomona are known to cause widespread animal infections in many parts of the world. Forty-three isolates retrieved from domestic animals and wild small mammals suggest that serogroup Pomona is epidemiologically relevant in Spain. This is supported by the high prevalence of serovar Pomona antibodies in livestock and wild animals. In this study, the strains were serologically and genetically characterized in an attempt to elucidate their epidemiology. Serological typing was based on the microscopic agglutination test but molecular typing involved species-specific polymerase chain reaction, restriction endonuclease analysis, and multiple-locus variable-number tandem repeat analysis...
February 17, 2017: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213600/caesarean-sections-and-for-profit-status-of-hospitals-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Ilir Hoxha, Lamprini Syrogiannouli, Xhyljeta Luta, Kali Tal, David C Goodman, Bruno R da Costa, Peter Jüni
OBJECTIVE: Financial incentives may encourage private for-profit providers to perform more caesarean section (CS) than non-profit hospitals. We therefore sought to determine the association of for-profit status of hospital and odds of CS. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, EMBASE and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews from the first year of records through February 2016. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: To be eligible, studies had to report data to allow the calculation of ORs of CS comparing private for-profit hospitals with public or private non-profit hospitals in a specific geographic area...
February 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213572/impact-of-expanding-the-prehospital-stroke-bypass-time-window-in-a-large-geographic-region
#13
Ian G Stiell, Catherine M Clement, Kristy Campbell, Mukul Sharma, Doug Socha, Marco L A Sivilotti, Albert Jin, Jeffrey J Perry, Jim Lumsden, Cally Martin, Mark Froats, Richard Dionne, John Trickett
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The Ontario Acute Stroke Medical Redirect Paramedic Protocol (ASMRPP) was revised to allow paramedics to bypass to designated stroke centers if total transport time would be <2 hours and total time from symptom onset <3.5 hours. We sought to evaluate the impact and safety of implementing the Revised ASMRPP. METHODS: We conducted a 12-month implementation study involving prehospital patients presenting with possible stroke symptoms. A total of 1317 basic and advanced life support paramedics, of 9 land services in 10 rural counties and 5 cities, used the Revised ASMRPP to take appropriate patients directly to 6 designated stroke centers...
February 17, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213545/antifungal-bacteria-on-woodland-salamander-skin-exhibit-high-taxonomic-diversity-and-geographic-variability
#14
Carly R Muletz-Wolz, Graziella V DiRenzo, Stephanie A Yarwood, Evan H Campbell Grant, Robert C Fleischer, Karen R Lips
Diverse bacteria inhabit amphibian skin, some of which inhibit growth of the fungal pathogen, Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd). Yet, there has been no systematic survey of anti-Bd bacteria across localities, species and elevations. This is important given geographic and taxonomic variation in amphibian susceptibility to Bd. Our sites were within the Appalachian Mountains where previous sampling indicated low Bd prevalence. We determined the number and identity of anti-Bd bacteria on 61 Plethodon salamanders (37 P...
February 17, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213498/dispersal-assembly-of-rain-forest-tree-communities-across-the-amazon-basin
#15
Kyle G Dexter, Mathew Lavin, Benjamin M Torke, Alex D Twyford, Thomas A Kursar, Phyllis D Coley, Camila Drake, Ruth Hollands, R Toby Pennington
We investigate patterns of historical assembly of tree communities across Amazonia using a newly developed phylogeny for the species-rich neotropical tree genus Inga We compare our results with those for three other ecologically important, diverse, and abundant Amazonian tree lineages, Swartzia, Protieae, and Guatteria Our analyses using phylogenetic diversity metrics demonstrate a clear lack of geographic phylogenetic structure, and show that local communities of Inga and regional communities of all four lineages are assembled by dispersal across Amazonia...
February 17, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212874/multilocus-phylogeny-of-alligator-lizards-elgaria-anguidae-testing-mtdna-introgression-as-the-source-of-discordant-molecular-phylogenetic-hypotheses
#16
Dean H Leavitt, Angela B Marion, Bradford D Hollingsworth, Tod W Reeder
The increased availability of nuclear DNA sequence data has led to a better appreciation of the role and frequency of introgressive hybridization and subsequent mitochondrial capture in misleading phylogenetic hypotheses based on mtDNA sequence data alone. Relationships among members of the alligator lizard genus Elgaria have been addressed with morphology, allozyme and mtDNA sequence data with discordant results. In this study, we use seven nuclear loci (total of 5.9 kb) and ∼3 kb of mtDNA to infer the phylogenetic relationships among Elgaria species and test whether the discordance among previous phylogenetic hypotheses is due to introgression and mtDNA capture...
February 14, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212667/assessing-the-interruption-of-the-transmission-of-human-helminths-with-mass-drug-administration-alone-optimizing-the-design-of-cluster-randomized-trials
#17
Roy Anderson, Sam Farrell, Hugo Turner, Judd Walson, Christl A Donnelly, James Truscott
BACKGROUND: A method is outlined for the use of an individual-based stochastic model of parasite transmission dynamics to assess different designs for a cluster randomized trial in which mass drug administration (MDA) is employed in attempts to eliminate the transmission of soil-transmitted helminths (STH) in defined geographic locations. The hypothesis to be tested is: Can MDA alone interrupt the transmission of STH species in defined settings? Clustering is at a village level and the choice of clusters of villages is stratified by transmission intensity (low, medium and high) and parasite species mix (either Ascaris, Trichuris or hookworm dominant)...
February 17, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212649/regional-and-temporal-trends-in-blood-mercury-concentrations-and-fish-consumption-in-women-of-child-bearing-age-in-the-united-states-using-nhanes-data-from-1999-2010
#18
Leanne K Cusack, Ellen Smit, Molly L Kile, Anna K Harding
BACKGROUND: The primary route of exposure to methylmercury (MeHg), a known developmental neurotoxicant, is from ingestion of seafood. Since 2004, women of reproductive age in the U.S. have been urged to eat fish and shellfish as part of a healthy diet while selecting species that contain lower levels MeHg. Yet few studies have examined trends in MeHg exposure and fish consumption over time in this group of women with respect to their geographical location in the U.S. METHODS: Data from six consecutive cycles of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), 1999-2010 (n = 9597) were used to determine trends in blood mercury for women aged 16-49 residing in different regions in the US, and according to age, race/ethnicity, income level, and fish consumption using geographic variables...
February 17, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212638/commissioning-for-health-improvement-following-the-2012-health-and-social-care-reforms-in-england-what-has-changed
#19
E W Gadsby, S Peckham, A Coleman, D Bramwell, N Perkins, L M Jenkins
BACKGROUND: The wide-ranging program of reforms brought about by the Health and Social Care Act (2012) in England fundamentally changed the operation of the public health system, moving responsibility for the commissioning and delivery of services from the National Health Service to locally elected councils and a new national public health agency. This paper explores the ways in which the reforms have altered public health commissioning. METHODS: We conducted multi-methods research over 33 months, incorporating national surveys of Directors of Public Health and local council elected members at two time-points, and in-depth case studies in five purposively selected geographical areas...
February 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212461/fatty-acid-composition-of-baobab-seed-and-its-relationship-with-the-genus-adansonia-taxonomy
#20
Gaylor Razafimamonjison, Jean Michel Leong Pock Tsy, Manitriniaina Randriamiarinarivo, Panja Ramanoelina, Jean Rasoarahona, Fanjaniaina Fawbush, Pascal Danthu
Baobab seed oil contains specific fatty acids. Most of the studies on baobab fatty acids have been carried out singly and in isolation from each other, making it difficult to compare results through different species. The objective of the present study is to establish the seed fatty acid composition of each Adansonia species in order to evaluate and understand the relationships between the oil chemical compositions, the baobabs' taxonomy and, the ecological and geographical origin of each seed lot. The seed oils have been analysed using gas chromatography (GC)...
February 17, 2017: Chemistry & Biodiversity
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