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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351659/smoking-status-and-survival-among-a-national-cohort-of-lung-and-colorectal-cancer-patients
#1
Sandra J Japuntich, Pallavi Kumar, Jane Pendergast, Grelda Yazmin Juarez Caballero, Jennifer Malin, Robert Wallace, Elizabeth Chrischilles, Nancy L Keating, Elyse R Park
Introduction: The purpose of this study was to explore the association of smoking status and clinically relevant duration of smoking cessation with long-term survival after lung cancer (LC) or colorectal cancer (CRC) diagnosis. We compared survival of patients with LC and CRC who were never-smokers, long-term, medium-term, and short-term quitters, and current smokers around diagnosis. Methods: We studied 5,575 patients in Cancer Care Outcomes Research and Surveillance (CanCORS), a national, prospective observational cohort study, who provided smoking status information approximately 5 months after LC or CRC diagnosis...
January 17, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351583/travelers-diarrhea-in-thailand-a-quantitative-analysis-using-taqman%C3%A2-array-card
#2
Paphavee Lertsethtakarn-Ketwalha, Sasikorn Silapong, Pimmada Sakpaisal, Oralak Serichantalergs, Nattaya Ruamsap, Woradee Lurchachaiwong, Sinn Anuras, James A Platts-Mills, Jie Liu, Eric R Houpt, Ladaporn Bodhidatta, Brett E Swierczewski, Carl J Mason
Background: Travelers' diarrhea (TD) is a common illness experienced by travelers from developed countries visiting developing countries. Recent questionnaire-based surveillance studies reported that approximately 6-16% of travelers experienced TD while visiting Thailand; however, a majority of TD information was limited mainly to US military populations. Methods: A TD surveillance study was conducted at Bumrungrad International Hospital in 2012-2014 in Bangkok, Thailand...
January 17, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351344/the-morphing-of-geographical-features-by-fourier-transformation
#3
Jingzhong Li, Pengcheng Liu, Wenhao Yu, Xiaoqiang Cheng
This paper presents a morphing model of vector geographical data based on Fourier transformation. This model involves three main steps. They are conversion from vector data to Fourier series, generation of intermediate function by combination of the two Fourier series concerning a large scale and a small scale, and reverse conversion from combination function to vector data. By mirror processing, the model can also be used for morphing of linear features. Experimental results show that this method is sensitive to scale variations and it can be used for vector map features' continuous scale transformation...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351201/in-vivo-characterisation-of-five-strains-of-bovine-viral-diarrhoea-virus-1-subgenotype-1c
#4
Rebecca K Ambrose, Jennifer L Gravel, Margaret A Commins, Elizabeth V Fowler, Timothy J Mahony
Bovine viral diarrhoea virus 1 (BVDV-1) is strongly associated with several important diseases of cattle, such as bovine respiratory disease, diarrhoea and haemoragic lesions. To date many subgenotypes have been reported for BVDV-1, currently ranging from subgenotype 1a to subgenotype 1u. While BVDV-1 has a world-wide distribution, the subgenotypes have a more restricted geographical distribution. As an example, BVDV-1 subgenotypes 1a and 1b are frequently detected in North America and Europe, while the subgenotype 1c is rarely detected...
January 19, 2018: Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351136/trends-and-variability-in-the-use-of-total-shoulder-arthroplasty-for-medicare-patients
#5
Benjamin Zmistowski, Eric M Padegimas, Michael Howley, Joseph Abboud, Gerald Williams, Surena Namdari
INTRODUCTION: As policies are implemented to encourage high-quality care, it is important to identify any persistent limitations to the uniform delivery of anatomic and reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA). The study's goal was to assess current TSA use and identify predictors of geographic variability. METHODS: We used data from 2012 through 2014 that was obtained from public Medicare databases to identify the case volume, locations, and names of surgeons performing >10 TSAs annually...
January 18, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351085/how-to-prepare-interprofessional-teams-in-two-weeks-an-innovative-education-program-nested-in-telehealth
#6
Tina Sweeney Haney, Karen Kott, Carolyn M Rutledge, Bruce Britton, Christianne Nesbitt Fowler, Rebecca D Poston
PROBLEM: Preparing health professional students for interprofessional collaborative practice, especially at a distance where provider shortages prevail remains difficult. APPROACH: A two-week interprofessional education (IPE) immersion experience preparing students from 11 disciplines and four universities was implemented. Week-one, using online technology, students develop/present an interprofessional careplan for a complex patient. Students then meet face-to-face to conduct group interviews with two standardized patient dyads...
January 19, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351015/temperature-dependent-growth-and-fission-rate-plasticity-drive-seasonal-and-geographic-changes-in-body-size-in-a-clonal-sea-anemone
#7
Will H Ryan
The temperature-size rule is a commonly observed pattern where adult body size is negatively correlated with developmental temperature. In part, this may occur as a consequence of allometric scaling, where changes in the ratio of surface area to mass limit oxygen diffusion as body size increases. As oxygen demand increases with temperature, a smaller body should be favored as temperature increases. For clonal animals, small changes in growth and/or fission rate can rapidly alter the average body size of clonal descendants...
February 2018: American Naturalist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350592/geographic-proximity-to-specialized-pediatric-neurosurgical-care-in-the-contiguous-united-states
#8
Abdul-Kareem Ahmed, Ann-Christine Duhaime, Timothy R Smith
OBJECTIVE Absent from an analysis of supply is consideration of the geographic distribution of pediatric neurosurgeons. Several patient socioeconomic metrics are known to be associated with outcome in pediatric neurosurgical diseases, such as hydrocephalus. The purpose of this study was to determine current geographic proximity to pediatric neurosurgical care using professional society databases. This study also sought to establish how socioeconomic factors are related to distance to care, using federal government-collected data...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350506/electronic-health-record-super-users-and-under-users-in-ambulatory-care-practices
#9
Juliet Rumball-Smith, Paul Shekelle, Cheryl L Damberg
OBJECTIVES: This study explored variation in the extent of use of electronic health record (EHR)-based health information technology (IT) functionalities across US ambulatory care practices. Use of health IT functionalities in ambulatory care is important for delivering high-quality care, including that provided in coordination with multiple practitioners. STUDY DESIGN: We used data from the 2014 Healthcare Information and Management Systems Society Analytics survey...
January 2018: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350212/defining-system-boundaries-of-an-institution-nitrogen-footprint
#10
Elizabeth de la Reguera, Elizabeth A Castner, James N Galloway, Allison M Leach, Neil Leary, Jianwu Tang
A nitrogen (N) footprint quantifies the amount of reactive nitrogen released to the environment and can be measured at different scales. The N footprint of a university includes activities and consumption within its geographic boundaries as well as activities that support the institution. Determining system bounds of an N footprint depends on the institution's mission and provides a common baseline for comparison. A comparison of three scopes of the N footprint, which describe how emissions are directly related to an institution's activities, was conducted for seven institutions...
April 1, 2017: Sustainability (New Rochelle)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350150/role-of-environmental-factors-in-shaping-spatial-distribution-of-salmonella-enterica-serovar-typhi-fiji
#11
Ruklanthi de Alwis, Conall Watson, Birgit Nikolay, John H Lowry, Nga Tran Vu Thieu, Tan Trinh Van, Dung Tran Thi Ngoc, Kitione Rawalai, Mere Taufa, Jerimaia Coriakula, Colleen L Lau, Eric J Nilles, W John Edmunds, Mike Kama, Stephen Baker, Jorge Cano
Fiji recently experienced a sharp increase in reported typhoid fever cases. To investigate geographic distribution and environmental risk factors associated with Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi infection, we conducted a cross-sectional cluster survey with associated serologic testing for Vi capsular antigen-specific antibodies (a marker for exposure to Salmonella Typhi in Fiji in 2013. Hotspots with high seroprevalence of Vi-specific antibodies were identified in northeastern mainland Fiji. Risk for Vi seropositivity increased with increased annual rainfall (odds ratio [OR] 1...
February 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349276/examining-individual-interpersonal-and-environmental-influences-on-children-s-physical-activity-levels
#12
Piotr Wilk, Andrew F Clark, Alana Maltby, Christine Smith, Patricia Tucker, Jason A Gilliland
The purpose of this study was to explore individual-level socio-demographic factors and interpersonal-level factors related to social support, as well as the potential role of neighborhood and school environments that may influence the physical activity (PA) levels of children (ages 9-11). Child and parent questionnaires included individual and interpersonal factors, and PA behaviour. Home postal codes were used to determine the neighbourhood the child resides within, as well as their geographic accessibility to recreation opportunities...
April 2018: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349211/who-votes-for-public-health-u-s-senator-characteristics-associated-with-voting-in-concordance-with-public-health-policy-recommendations-1998-2013
#13
Jonathan Purtle, Neal D Goldstein, Eli Edson, Annamarie Hand
Background: The voting behaviors of elected officials shape the public's health. Little is known, however, about the characteristics of elected officials who vote in concordance with public health policy recommendations. This article presents the results of study conducted with the aims of: 1) testing the hypothesis that US Democrat Senators vote in concordance with American Public Health Association (APHA) policy recommendations more frequently than US Republican Senators, 2) identifying US Senator characteristics independently associated with voting in concordance with APHA, and 3) assessing trends in APHA voting concordance by political party...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349203/neighbourhood-socioeconomic-status-indices-and-early-childhood-development
#14
Simon Webb, Magdalena Janus, Eric Duku, Rob Raos, Marni Brownell, Barry Forer, Martin Guhn, Nazeem Muhajarine
The developmental health of young children is highly influenced by the socioeconomic conditions in which they are raised. How to accurately measure these conditions is a point of debate in the current literature on child development, health, and social determinants. We have evaluated four existing indices of socioeconomic status (SES) to determine the most relevant for the analysis of early childhood development (ECD) in Canada. Following a literature review of published SES indices which used 2006 Canadian Census data, four indices were chosen based on their relevance to ECD and the number of citations in subsequent articles...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349109/data-collected-in-an-integrated-ecological-survey-of-rotifer-communities-and-corresponding-environmental-variables-in-the-highly-polluted-haihe-river-basin-china
#15
Wei Xiong, Jie Li, Yuzhan Yang, Weimin Wang, Baoqing Shan, Aibin Zhan
Here we presented two datasets (biological and environmental datasets) collected in a comprehensive large geographical scale (approximately 1.1×105 km2) survey of rivers/streams in the Haihe River Basin (HRB), which has become the most polluted river basin in past two decades in China. The survey selected a total of 94 representative sampling sites in the plain region of HRB, where environmental pollution is more severe than the mountain region. The biological dataset contains the information on the identified rotifer species and their abundance, while the environmental dataset provides the measured environmental variables at each sampling site...
April 2018: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349106/the-wildland-urban-interface-raster-dataset-of-catalonia
#16
Fermín J Alcasena, Cody R Evers, Cristina Vega-Garcia
We provide the wildland urban interface (WUI) map of the autonomous community of Catalonia (Northeastern Spain). The map encompasses an area of some 3.21 million ha and is presented as a 150-m resolution raster dataset. Individual housing location, structure density and vegetation cover data were used to spatially assess in detail the interface, intermix and dispersed rural WUI communities with a geographical information system. Most WUI areas concentrate in the coastal belt where suburban sprawl has occurred nearby or within unmanaged forests...
April 2018: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348710/the-protein-tyrosine-phosphatase-nonreceptor-22-ptpn22-r620w-functional-polymorphism-in-psoriasis
#17
Ghaleb Bin Huraib, Fahad Al Harthi, Misbahul Arfin, Sadaf Rizvi, Abdulrahaman Al-Asmari
Background: Psoriasis is a complex autoimmune disease caused by the interaction of genetic and environmental factors. PTPN22 gene polymorphism has been reported to affect psoriasis susceptibility; however, no data are available for Middle Eastern populations. Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the association of PTPN22 (1858C/T) R620W polymorphism with psoriasis in a Saudi cohort. Methods: Saudi subjects (n = 306) including patients with psoriasis (n = 106) and matched controls (n = 200) were studied for PTPN22 variants using tetra-primer amplification refractory mutation system-polymerase chain reaction method...
2018: Clinical Medicine Insights. Arthritis and Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348645/a-global-perspective-on-the-trophic-geography-of-sharks
#18
Christopher S Bird, Ana Veríssimo, Sarah Magozzi, Kátya G Abrantes, Alex Aguilar, Hassan Al-Reasi, Adam Barnett, Dana M Bethea, Gérard Biais, Asuncion Borrell, Marc Bouchoucha, Mariah Boyle, Edward J Brooks, Juerg Brunnschweiler, Paco Bustamante, Aaron Carlisle, Diana Catarino, Stéphane Caut, Yves Cherel, Tiphaine Chouvelon, Diana Churchill, Javier Ciancio, Julien Claes, Ana Colaço, Dean L Courtney, Pierre Cresson, Ryan Daly, Leigh de Necker, Tetsuya Endo, Ivone Figueiredo, Ashley J Frisch, Joan Holst Hansen, Michael Heithaus, Nigel E Hussey, Johannes Iitembu, Francis Juanes, Michael J Kinney, Jeremy J Kiszka, Sebastian A Klarian, Dorothée Kopp, Robert Leaf, Yunkai Li, Anne Lorrain, Daniel J Madigan, Aleksandra Maljković, Luis Malpica-Cruz, Philip Matich, Mark G Meekan, Frédéric Ménard, Gui M Menezes, Samantha E M Munroe, Michael C Newman, Yannis P Papastamatiou, Heidi Pethybridge, Jeffrey D Plumlee, Carlos Polo-Silva, Katie Quaeck-Davies, Vincent Raoult, Jonathan Reum, Yassir Eden Torres-Rojas, David S Shiffman, Oliver N Shipley, Conrad W Speed, Michelle D Staudinger, Amy K Teffer, Alexander Tilley, Maria Valls, Jeremy J Vaudo, Tak-Cheung Wai, R J David Wells, Alex S J Wyatt, Andrew Yool, Clive N Trueman
Sharks are a diverse group of mobile predators that forage across varied spatial scales and have the potential to influence food web dynamics. The ecological consequences of recent declines in shark biomass may extend across broader geographic ranges if shark taxa display common behavioural traits. By tracking the original site of photosynthetic fixation of carbon atoms that were ultimately assimilated into muscle tissues of 5,394 sharks from 114 species, we identify globally consistent biogeographic traits in trophic interactions between sharks found in different habitats...
January 18, 2018: Nature Ecology & Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348642/the-success-of-failed-homo-sapiens-dispersals-out-of-africa-and-into-asia
#19
REVIEW
Ryan J Rabett
The evidence for an early dispersal of Homo sapiens from Africa into the Levant during Marine Isotope Stage 5 (MIS-5) 126-74 ka (thousand years ago) was characterized for many years as an 'abortive' expansion: a precursor to a sustained dispersal from which all extant human populations can be traced. Recent archaeological and genetic data from both western and eastern parts of Eurasia and from Australia are starting to challenge that interpretation. This Perspective reviews the current evidence for a scenario where the MIS-5 dispersal encompassed a much greater geographic distribution and temporal duration...
January 18, 2018: Nature Ecology & Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348138/development-and-validation-of-outcome-prediction-models-for-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-haemorrhage-the-sahit-multinational-cohort-study
#20
Blessing N R Jaja, Gustavo Saposnik, Hester F Lingsma, Erin Macdonald, Kevin E Thorpe, Muhammed Mamdani, Ewout W Steyerberg, Andrew Molyneux, Airton Leonardo de Oliveira Manoel, Bawarjan Schatlo, Daniel Hanggi, David Hasan, George K C Wong, Nima Etminan, Hitoshi Fukuda, James Torner, Karl L Schaller, Jose I Suarez, Martin N Stienen, Mervyn D I Vergouwen, Gabriel J E Rinkel, Julian Spears, Michael D Cusimano, Michael Todd, Peter Le Roux, Peter Kirkpatrick, John Pickard, Walter M van den Bergh, Gordon Murray, S Claiborne Johnston, Sen Yamagata, Stephan Mayer, Tom A Schweizer, R Loch Macdonald
OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate a set of practical prediction tools that reliably estimate the outcome of subarachnoid haemorrhage from ruptured intracranial aneurysms (SAH). DESIGN: Cohort study with logistic regression analysis to combine predictors and treatment modality. SETTING: Subarachnoid Haemorrhage International Trialists' (SAHIT) data repository, including randomised clinical trials, prospective observational studies, and hospital registries...
January 18, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
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