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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432894/the-structure-correlates-and-treatment-related-changes-of-mindfulness-facets-across-the-anxiety-disorders-and-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#1
Lance L Hawley, Jenny Rogojanski, Valerie Vorstenbosch, Lena C Quilty, Judith M Laposa, Neil A Rector
Research with non-clinical and clinical samples has examined how mindfulness concepts relate to psychological symptom presentations. However, there is less clarity when examining treatment-seeking patients who experience DSM-diagnosed anxiety and obsessional disorders - both cross-sectionally, and following empirically-supported treatments. The Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ; Baer, Smith, Hopkins, Krietemeyer, & Toney, 2006) conceptualizes mindfulness as consisting of five facets: Observing, Describing, Acting with Awareness, Nonreactivity, and Nonjudging...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423066/influence-of-maternal-anxiety-on-child-anxiety-during-dental-care-cross-sectional-study
#2
Paloma Busato, Raíssa Rigo Garbín, Catielma Nascimento Santos, Luiz Renato Paranhos, Lilian Rigo
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVES: Anxiety is usually classified as a disorder of neurotic nature and is often related to contexts of stress, which may include worries, motor tension and autonomic hyperactivity. The aim of this study was to assess the influence of mothers' anxiety on their children's anxiety during dental care. DESIGN AND SETTING: Analytical cross-sectional study conducted at in a private dentistry school in the south of Brazil. METHODS: Convenience sampling was used...
April 13, 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421682/predicting-abstinence-from-methamphetamine-use-after-residential-rehabilitation-findings-from-the-methamphetamine-treatment-evaluation-study
#3
Rebecca McKetin, Astrid Kothe, Amanda L Baker, Nicole K Lee, Joanne Ross, Dan I Lubman
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: We previously found that residential rehabilitation increased continuous abstinence from methamphetamine use 1 year after treatment. We examine what client and treatment characteristics predict this outcome. DESIGN AND METHODS: Participants (n = 176) were dependent on methamphetamine and entering residential rehabilitation for methamphetamine use. Simultaneous logistic regression was used to identify independent predictors of continuous abstinence from methamphetamine use at 1 year follow-up...
April 18, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418834/reduction-in-costs-after-treating-comorbid-panic-disorder-with-agoraphobia-and-generalized-anxiety-disorder
#4
Vedrana Ikic, Claude Belanger, Stephane Bouchard, Patrick Gosselin, Frederic Langlois, Joane Labrecque, Michel J Dugas, Andre Marchand
BACKGROUND: Panic disorder with agoraphobia (PDA) and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) are impairing and costly disorders that are often misdiagnosed and left untreated despite multiple consultations. These disorders frequently co-occur, but little is known about the costs associated with their comorbidity and the impact of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) on cost reduction. AIMS OF THE STUDY: The first objective of this study was to assess the mental health-related costs associated with the specific concomitance of PDA and GAD...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417269/anxiety-disorders-and-temperament-an-update-review
#5
REVIEW
Olli Kampman, Merja Viikki, Esa Leinonen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The review focused on associations between temperament dimensions and clinical features in different anxiety disorders, likewise in obsessive-compulsive disorder in clinical samples of adults. A literature search was conducted in the Medline and PsycINFO databases covering the years 2010-2016. A systematic review and grading of the level of evidence for an association between temperament dimension scores and clinical features in each disorder were performed. RECENT FINDINGS: Twenty papers reporting 18 different studies were included...
May 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410461/gradients-of-fear-how-perception-influences-fear-generalization
#6
Dieter Struyf, Jonas Zaman, Dirk Hermans, Bram Vervliet
The current experiment investigated whether overgeneralization of fear could be due to an inability to perceptually discriminate the initial fear-evoking stimulus from similar stimuli, as fear learning-induced perceptual impairments have been reported but their influence on generalization gradients remain to be elucidated. Three hundred and sixty-eight healthy volunteers participated in a differential fear conditioning paradigm with circles of different sizes as conditioned stimuli (CS), of which one was paired to an aversive IAPS picture...
April 5, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409361/psychometric-properties-of-the-spence-children-s-anxiety-scale-parent-report-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#7
Katia Jitlina, Bruno Zumbo, Pat Mirenda, Laurie Ford, Teresa Bennett, Stelios Georgiades, Charlotte Waddell, Isabel M Smith, Joanne Volden, Eric Duku, Lonnie Zwaigenbaum, Peter Szatmari, Tracy Vaillancourt, Mayada Elsabbagh
Although anxiety is frequently reported in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), existing anxiety scales are often psychometrically inappropriate for this population. This study examined the internal structure, reliability, convergent and discriminant validity of the Spence Children's Anxiety Scale-Parent Report (SCAS-P; Spence 1999) in 238 school-aged children with ASD. While confirmatory factor analysis did not support the original six-correlated-factor structure, structural support as well as acceptable internal consistency and convergent validity was found for Generalized Anxiety, Separation Anxiety, Panic, and Agoraphobia subscales...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405181/depression-anxiety-and-panic-disorders-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-patients-correlations-with-tobacco-use-disease-severity-and-quality-of-life
#8
Oana Irinel Pascal, Antigona Carmen Trofor, Lucia Maria Lotrean, Dumitru Filipeanu, Letitia Trofor
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study is to assess anxiety, depression and panic disorders among patients diagnosed with COPD and to investigate their correlation with disease severity, quality of life as well as tobacco use. METHODS: An observational study was performed between January and September 2014 among 60 patients diagnosed with COPD. COPD staging according to GOLD criteria, while anxiety and depression were assessed using Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and panic attacks were evaluated based on ICD 10 criteria...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403387/skin-conductance-responses-and-neural-activations-during-fear-conditioning-and-extinction-recall-across-anxiety-disorders
#9
Marie-France Marin, Rachel G Zsido, Huijin Song, Natasha B Lasko, William D S Killgore, Scott L Rauch, Naomi M Simon, Mohammed R Milad
Importance: The fear conditioning and extinction neurocircuitry has been extensively studied in healthy and clinical populations, with a particular focus on posttraumatic stress disorder. Despite significant overlap of symptoms between posttraumatic stress disorder and anxiety disorders, the latter has received less attention. Given that dysregulated fear levels characterize anxiety disorders, examining the neural correlates of fear and extinction learning may shed light on the pathogenesis of underlying anxiety disorders...
April 12, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401046/functional-neuroanatomy-in-panic-disorder-status-quo-of-the-research
#10
Thomas Sobanski, Gerd Wagner
AIM: To provide an overview of the current research in the functional neuroanatomy of panic disorder. METHODS: Panic disorder (PD) is a frequent psychiatric disease. Gorman et al (1989; 2000) proposed a comprehensive neuroanatomical model of PD, which suggested that fear- and anxiety-related responses are mediated by a so-called "fear network" which is centered in the amygdala and includes the hippocampus, thalamus, hypothalamus, periaqueductal gray region, locus coeruleus and other brainstem sites...
March 22, 2017: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400711/cannabinoid-hyperemesis-and-the-cyclic-vomiting-syndrome-in-adults-recognition-diagnosis-acute-and-long-term-treatment
#11
REVIEW
Christian G Blumentrath, Boris Dohrmann, Nils Ewald
The cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome (CHS) and the cyclic vomiting syndrome in adults (CVS) are both characterized by recurrent episodes of heavy nausea, vomiting and frequently abdominal pain. Both syndromes are barely known among physicians. Literature is inconsistent concerning clinical features which enable differentiation between CVS and CHS. We performed a literature review using the LIVIVO search portal for life sciences to develop a pragmatic approach towards these two syndromes. Our findings indicate that complete and persistent resolution of all symptoms of the disease following cannabis cessation is the only reliable criterion applicable to distinguish CHS from CVS...
2017: German Medical Science: GMS E-journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400482/epigenetic-programming-of-the-neuroendocrine-stress-response-by-adult-life-stress
#12
Bart Dirven, Judith Homberg, Tamas Kozicz, Marloes Henckens
The hypothalamic-pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis is critically involved in the neuroendocrine regulation of stress adaptation, and the restoration of homeostasis following stress exposure. Dysregulation of this axis is associated with stress-related pathologies like major depressive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, panic disorder, and chronic anxiety. It has long been understood that stress during early life can have a significant lasting influence on the development of the neuroendocrine system and its neural regulators, partially by modifying epigenetic regulation of gene expression, with implications for health and well-being in later life...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Molecular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397510/a-profile-of-perceived-stress-factors-among-nursing-staff-working-with-intellectually-disabled-in-patients-at-the-free-state-psychiatric-complex-south-africa
#13
Maria Conradie, Danelle Erwee, Isabel Serfontein, Maré Visser, Frikkie J W Calitz, Gina Joubert
INTRODUCTION: Nursing staff working with intellectually disabled in-patients experience unique stress factors that can influence their personal well-being and work performance. OBJECTIVES: To compile a profile of stress factors experienced by nursing staff working with intellectually disabled in-patients at the Free State Psychiatric Complex (FSPC). METHODS: This descriptive study included 89 nursing staff members from this environment. A questionnaire was used to collect socio-demographic information and determine personal and occupational stressors...
March 16, 2017: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395290/panic-self-disorder-and-ease-research-methodological-considerations
#14
Josef Parnas, Julie Nordgaard, Mads Gram Henriksen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 11, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395248/the-indirect-effect-of-panic-disorder-on-smoking-cognitions-via-difficulties-in-emotion-regulation
#15
Min-Jeong Yang, Michael J Zvolensky, Teresa M Leyro
Panic disorder (PD) and cigarette smoking are highly comorbid and associated with worse panic and smoking outcomes. Smoking may become an overlearned automatized response to relieve panic-like withdrawal distress, leading to corresponding smoking cognitions, which contribute to its reinforcing properties and difficultly abstaining. Difficulties in emotion regulation (ER) may underlie this relation such that in the absence of adaptive emotion regulatory strategies, smokers with PD may more readily rely upon smoking to manage affective distress...
April 4, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395158/clinical-characteristics-of-latent-classes-of-co2-hypersensitivity-in-adolescents-and-young-adults
#16
Lance M Rappaport, Christina Sheerin, Jeanne E Savage, John M Hettema, Roxann Roberson-Nay
Although breathing CO2-enriched air reliably increases anxiety, there is debate concerning the nature and specificity of CO2 hypersensitivity to panic risk and panic disorder versus anxiety disorders and related traits broadly, particularly among adolescents and emerging adults. The present study sought to clarify the association of CO2 hypersensitivity with internalizing conditions and symptoms among adolescents and young adults. Participants (N = 628) self-reported anxiety levels every 2 min while breathing air enriched to 7...
March 30, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395037/moral-panic-and-social-justice-a-guide-for-analyzing-social-problems
#17
Michael H Eversman, Jason D P Bird
Professional social work has long been concerned with social justice, social policy, and the relationship between social treatment and social control. However, at times, potential threats to social cohesion become exaggerated in the service of supporting suppressive policies. British sociologist Stanley Cohen referred to such periods as moral panics, which assign unwarranted blame and stigma to sociopolitically weaker, unpopular groups. By constructing those associated with a given social problem as deviant and downplaying underlying structural causes, moral panics foster the enactment of social policies that entrench social disparity and injustice...
January 1, 2017: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391138/associations-between-serotonin-transporter-and-behavioral-traits-and-diagnoses-related-to-anxiety
#18
Ardesheer Talati, Zagaa Odgerel, Priya J Wickramaratne, Andrea Norcini Pala, Jamie L Skipper, Jay A Gingrich, Myrna M Weissman
The role of the serotonin transporter promoter-linked polymorphism (5-HTTLPR) in psychiatric disease remains unclear. Behavioral traits could serve as alternative outcomes that are stable, precede psychopathology, and capture more sub-clinical variation. We test associations between 5-HTTLPR and (1) behavioral traits and (2) clinical diagnoses of anxiety and depression. Second and third generation participants (N=203, 34.2±13.8 years, 54% female) at high- or low- familial risk for depression (where risk was defined by the presence of major depression in the 1st generation) were assessed longitudinally using the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia-lifetime interview, Barratt Impulsiveness Scale-11, Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire, and the NEO-Five Factor Inventory...
March 21, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375724/panic-disorder-comorbidity-with-medical-conditions-and-treatment-implications
#19
Alicia E Meuret, Juliet Kroll, Thomas Ritz
Panic disorder (PD) is unique among the anxiety disorders in that panic symptoms are primarily of a physical nature. Consequently, comorbidity with medical illness is significant. This review examines the association between PD and medical illness. We identify shared pathophysiological and psychological correlates and illustrate how physiological activation in panic sufferers underlies their symptom experience in the context of the fight-orflight response and beyond a situation-specific response pattern. We then review evidence for bodily symptom perception accuracy in PD...
March 27, 2017: Annual Review of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375390/a-new-addition-to-jfp-behavioral-health-consult
#20
EDITORIAL
John Hickner
Mood and anxiety disorders (eg, depression, anxiety, panic disorder, agoraphobia) affect almost 30% of the US adult population and many of these patients are seen at least initially by their primary care physicians.
April 2017: Journal of Family Practice
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