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Fgf integrin

Yukinori Endo, Hiroko Ishiwata-Endo, Kenneth M Yamada
Anosmin is an extracellular matrix protein, and genetic defects in anosmin result in human Kallmann syndrome. It functions in neural crest formation, cell adhesion, and neuronal migration. Anosmin consists of multiple domains, and it has been reported to bind heparan sulfate, FGF receptor, and UPA. In this study, we establish cell adhesion/spreading assays for anosmin and use them for antibody inhibition analyses to search for an integrin adhesion receptor. We find that α5β1, α4β1, and α9β1 integrins are needed for effective adhesive receptor function in cell adhesion and cell spreading on anosmin; adhesion is inhibited by both RGD and α4β1 CS1-based peptides...
August 9, 2016: Cell Adhesion & Migration
Mallika Pathania, Yan Wang, Vladimir N Simirskii, Melinda K Duncan
Integrins are heterodimeric cell surface molecules that mediate cell-extracellular matrix (ECM) adhesion, ECM assembly, and regulation of both ECM and growth factor induced signaling. However, the developmental context of these diverse functions is not clear. Loss of β1-integrin from the lens vesicle (mouse E10.5) results in abnormal exit of anterior lens epithelial cells (LECs) from the cell cycle and their aberrant elongation toward the presumptive cornea by E12.5. These cells lose expression of LEC markers and initiate expression of the Maf (also known as c-Maf) and Prox1 transcription factors as well as other lens fiber cell markers...
September 2, 2016: Differentiation; Research in Biological Diversity
Paul O'Neill, Susan L Lindsay, Andreea Pantiru, Scott E Guimond, Nitish Fagoe, Joost Verhaagen, Jeremy E Turnbull, John S Riddell, Susan C Barnett
Schwann cell (SC) transplantation following spinal cord injury (SCI) may have therapeutic potential. Functional recovery is limited however, due to poor SC interactions with host astrocytes and the induction of astrogliosis. Olfactory ensheathing cells (OECs) are closely related to SCs, but intermix more readily with astrocytes in culture and induce less astrogliosis. We previously demonstrated that OECs express higher levels of sulfatases, enzymes that remove 6-O-sulfate groups from heparan sulphate proteoglycans, than SCs and that RNAi knockdown of sulfatase prevented OEC-astrocyte mixing in vitro...
August 18, 2016: Glia
S L K Bowers, P R Norden, G E Davis
During capillary network formation, ECs establish interconnecting tubes with defined lumens that reside within vascular guidance tunnels (physical spaces generated during EC tubulogenesis). Pericytes are recruited to EC tubes within these tunnels and capillary basement membrane deposition occurs to facilitate tube maturation. Here, we discuss molecular mechanisms controlling EC tubulogenesis demonstrating the involvement of integrins, MT1-MMP, extracellular matrix, Cdc42, Rac1, Rac2, k-Ras, Rap1b, and key downstream effectors including Pak2, Pak4, IQGAP1, MRCKβ, and Rasip1...
2016: Advances in Pharmacology
Chirag A Shah, Ling Bei, Hao Wang, Jessica K Altman, Leonidas C Platanias, Elizabeth A Eklund
A poor prognosis subtype of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is characterized by increased expression of a set of homeodomain (HD) transcription factors, including HoxA9, HoxA10 and Cdx4. This encompasses AML with MLL1 gene translocations, because Mll1-fusion proteins aberrantly activate HOX transcription. We previously identified FGF2 (Fibroblast Growth Factor 2) as a target gene for HoxA9 and HoxA10 that was indirectly activated by Mll-Ell (an Mll1-fusion protein). Autocrine stimulation of Mll-Ell+ myeloid progenitor cells by Fgf2 stabilized βcatenin and increased expression of βcatenin target genes, including CDX4...
June 20, 2016: Oncotarget
Meike Simann, Solange Le Blanc, Verena Schneider, Viola Zehe, Martin Lüdemann, Norbert Schütze, Franz Jakob, Tatjana Schilling
Controlling the adipo-osteogenic lineage decision of trabecular human bone marrow stromal cells (hBMSCs) in favor of osteogenesis represents a promising approach for osteoporosis therapy and prevention. Previously, Fibroblast Growth Factor 1 (FGF1) and its subfamily member FGF2 were scored as leading candidates to exercise control over skeletal precursor commitment and lineage decision albeit literature results are highly inconsistent. We show here that FGF1 and 2 strongly prevent the osteogenic commitment and differentiation of hBMSCs...
June 16, 2016: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Sang-Im Lee, Eui-Suk Lee, Ahmed El-Fiqi, So-Youn Lee, Eun-Cheol Kim, Hae-Won Kim
Formulating self-setting calcium phosphate cements (CPCs) with secondary phases particularly in the nanoscale order holds great promise to improve biological properties. Here, we focus on the effect that bioactive glass nanoparticles (BGN) incorporated in CPC compositions can have on the proliferation, odontogenic differentiation, and angiogenic stimulation of stem cells derived from human dental pulp (HDPSCs). These odontogenic and angiogenic events are of special importance in the dentin-pulp regeneration processes...
May 2016: Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology
Gali Epstein Shochet, Lilach Israeli-Shani, Matthew Koslow, David Shitrit
RATIONALE: Nintedanib is a potent, triple angiokinase inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor, fibroblast growth factor, and platelet-derived growth factor, and has been recently approved for the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), following first-line chemotherapy. It is well established that microenvironment plays an important role in tumor progression. Therefore, targeting tumor microenvironment-cancer cell interaction may provide a significant therapeutic target...
June 2016: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
Rebecca Richardson, Manuel Metzger, Philipp Knyphausen, Thomas Ramezani, Krasimir Slanchev, Christopher Kraus, Elmon Schmelzer, Matthias Hammerschmidt
Re-epithelialization of cutaneous wounds in adult mammals takes days to complete and relies on numerous signalling cues and multiple overlapping cellular processes that take place both within the epidermis and in other participating tissues. Re-epithelialization of partial- or full-thickness skin wounds of adult zebrafish, however, is extremely rapid and largely independent of the other processes of wound healing. Live imaging after treatment with transgene-encoded or chemical inhibitors reveals that re-epithelializing keratinocytes repopulate wounds by TGF-β- and integrin-dependent lamellipodial crawling at the leading edges of the epidermal tongue...
June 15, 2016: Development
Yoshiki Nakashima, Takeshi Omasa
Xeno-free medium contains no animal-derived components, but is composed of minimal growth factors and is serum free; the medium may be supplemented with insulin, transferrin, and selenium (ITS medium). Serum-free and xeno-free culture of human-induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) uses a variety of components based on ITS medium and Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium/Ham's nutrient mixture F12 (DMEM/F12) that contain high levels of iron salt and glucose. Culture of hiPSCs also requires scaffolding materials, such as extracellular matrix, collagen, fibronectin, laminin, proteoglycan, and vitronectin...
2016: BioResearch Open Access
Denise Salzig, Jasmin Leber, Katharina Merkewitz, Michaela C Lange, Natascha Köster, Peter Czermak
The manufacture of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) for clinical applications requires an appropriate growth surface and an optimized, preferably chemically defined medium (CDM) for expansion. We investigated a new protein/peptide-free CDM that supports the adhesion, growth, and detachment of an immortalized hMSC line (hMSC-TERT) as well as primary cells derived from bone marrow (bm-hMSCs) and adipose tissue (ad-hMSCs). We observed the rapid attachment and spreading of hMSC-TERT cells and ad-hMSCs in CDM concomitant with the expression of integrin and actin fibers...
2016: Stem Cells International
Tao Liang, Yong-Fu Ma, Jian Chu, Dao-Xi Wang, Yang Liu
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of lentivirus-mediated integrin αVβ3-shRNA on tumor growth of mice with lung cancer xenograft. METHODS: Lung cancer tissue, paracancer tissue and normal tissue were collected and integrin αVβ3 expression was detected; BALB/c nude mice were selected, divided into integrin αVβ3 knockdown group (KD group) and negative control group (NC group), and inoculated with cells stably infected by integrin αVβ3-shRNA lentivirus and cells stably infected by negative control-shRNA lentivirus, respectively, the growth of tumor tissue was continuously observed, and the number of apoptosis cells as well as the expression of angiogenesis, apoptosis and invasion genes in tumor tissue were detected...
February 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
Jan Rossaint, Jessica Oehmichen, Hugo Van Aken, Stefan Reuter, Hermann J Pavenstädt, Melanie Meersch, Mark Unruh, Alexander Zarbock
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has been associated with impaired host response and increased susceptibility to infections. Leukocyte recruitment during inflammation must be tightly regulated to protect the host against pathogens. FGF23 levels are increased in blood during CKD, and levels of this hormone have been associated with a variety of adverse effects in CKD patients. Here, we have shown that CKD impairs leukocyte recruitment into inflamed tissue and host defense in mice and humans. FGF23 neutralization during CKD in murine models restored leukocyte recruitment and host defense...
March 1, 2016: Journal of Clinical Investigation
Nozomu Takata, Eriko Sakakura, Takeya Kasukawa, Tetsushi Sakuma, Takashi Yamamoto, Yoshiki Sasai
The epiblast (foremost embryonic ectoderm) generates all three germ layers and therefore has crucial roles in the formation of all mammalian body cells. However, regulation of epiblast gene expression is poorly understood because of the difficulty of manipulating epiblast tissues in vivo. In the present study, using the self-organizing properties of embryonic stem cell (ESC), we generated and characterized epiblast-like tissue in three-dimensional culture. We identified significant genome-wide gene expression changes in this epiblast-like tissue by transcriptomic analysis...
June 2016: Human Gene Therapy
Richard J Miron, Yuang Shuang, Anton Sculean, Daniel Buser, Fatiha Chandad, Yufeng Zhang
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of Osteogain, a new formulation of enamel matrix derivative (EMD) in combination with a grafting material on a wide variety of genes for cytokines, transcription factors and extracellular matrix proteins involved in osteoblast differentiation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Primary human periodontal ligament (PDL) cells were seeded on natural bone mineral (NBM) particles coated with Osteogain for 24 h and analyzed for regulated gene expression using a human osteogenesis gene super-array kit...
January 8, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
Federico Colombo, Jacopo Meldolesi
L1 cell adhesion molecule (L1-CAM) and neural cell adhesion molecule (N-CAM), key members of the immunoglobulin-like CAM (Ig-CAM) family, were first recognized to play critical roles in surface interactions of neurons, by binding with each other and with extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins. Subsequently, adhesion was recognized to include signaling due to both activation of β-integrin, with the generation of intracellular cascades, and integration with the surface cytoskeleton. The importance of the two Ig-CAMs was revealed by their activation of the tyrosine kinase receptors of fibroblast growth factor (FGF), epidermal growth factor (EGF), and nerve growth factor (NGF)...
November 2015: Trends in Pharmacological Sciences
Seiji Mori, Moe Kodaira, Ayano Ito, Mika Okazaki, Naomasa Kawaguchi, Yoshinosuke Hamada, Yoshikazu Takada, Nariaki Matsuura
Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) plays a critical role in cancer metastasis, and is regulated by growth factors such as transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) and fibroblast growth factors (FGF) secreted from the stromal and tumor cells. However, the role of growth factors in EMT has not been fully established. Several integrins are upregulated by TGF-β1 during EMT. Integrins are involved in growth factor signaling through integrin-growth factor receptor crosstalk. We previously reported that FGF1 directly binds to integrin αvβ3 and the interaction was required for FGF1 functions such as cell proliferation and migration...
2015: PloS One
Christina D Cota, Brad Davidson
In response to microenvironmental cues, embryonic cells form adhesive signaling compartments that influence survival and patterning. Dividing cells detach from the surrounding matrix and initiate extensive membrane remodeling, but the in vivo impact of mitosis on adhesion-dependent signaling remains poorly characterized. We investigate in vivo signaling dynamics using the invertebrate chordate, Ciona intestinalis. In Ciona, matrix adhesion polarizes fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-dependent heart progenitor induction...
September 14, 2015: Developmental Cell
Michael Schuliga, Simon G Royce, Shenna Langenbach, Asres Berhan, Trudi Harris, Christine R Keenan, Alastair G Stewart
During asthma exacerbation, plasma circulating coagulant factor X (FX) enters the inflamed airways and is activated (FXa). FXa may have an important role in asthma, being involved in thrombin activation and an agonist of protease-activated receptor-1 (PAR-1). Extracellular annexin A2 and integrins are also implicated in PAR-1 signaling. In this study, the potential role of PAR-1 in mediating the effects of FXa on human airway smooth muscle (ASM) cell cytokine production and proliferation was investigated. FXa (5-50 nM), but not FX, stimulated increases in ASM IL-6 production and cell number after 24- and 48-hour incubation, respectively (P < 0...
February 2016: American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology
Grazia Graziani, Pedro M Lacal
Neuropilin-1 (NRP-1) is a transmembrane glycoprotein that acts as a co-receptor for various members of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) family. Its ability to bind or modulate the activity of a number of other extracellular ligands, such as class 3 semaphorins, TGF-β, HGF, FGF, and PDGF, has suggested the involvement of NRP-1 in a variety of physiological and pathological processes. Actually, this co-receptor has been implicated in axon guidance, angiogenesis, and immune responses. NRP-1 is also expressed in a variety of cancers (prostate, lung, pancreatic, or colon carcinoma, melanoma, astrocytoma, glioblastoma, and neuroblastoma), suggesting a critical role in tumor progression...
2015: Frontiers in Oncology
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