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Fgf collagen

Whitney A Greene, Teresa A Burke, Elaine D Por, Ramesh R Kaini, Heuy-Ching Wang
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to characterize the secretion profile of induced pluripotent stem cell-derived retinal pigment epithelium (iPS-RPE) during wound healing. iPS-RPE was used to develop an in vitro wound healing model. We hypothesized that iPS-RPE secretes cytokines and growth factors which act in an autocrine manner to promote migration and proliferation of cells during wound healing. Methods: iPS-RPE was grown in transwells until fully confluent and pigmented...
August 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Erica Dos Santos Carvalho, Rogério Hadid Rosa, Flávia de Moura Pereira, Ana Lia Anbinder, Isabel Mello, Sandra Marcia Habitante, Denise Pontes Raldi
The search for effective protocols to reduce the incidence of root resorptions and allow periodontal ligament repair is still challenging, given the unpredictable outcome of late tooth replantation. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of both high-power diode laser irradiation (DL) and basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF) on the periodontal healing of replanted teeth after extended extra-oral dry time METHODS: Maxillary incisors of 50 male rats were extracted and assigned to three experimental and two control groups (n = 10)...
October 17, 2016: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
Ali Said Durmus, Mehmet Tuzcu, Oguzhan Ozdemir, Cemal Orhan, Nurhan Sahin, Ibrahim Hanifi Ozercan, James Richard Komorowski, Shakir Ali, Kazim Sahin
Arginine silicate inositol (ASI) complex is a composition of arginine, silicon, and inositol that has been shown to have beneficial effects on vascular health. This study reports the effects of an ASI ointment on wound healing in rats. A full-thickness excision wound was created by using a disposable 5 mm diameter skin punch biopsy tool. In this placebo-controlled study, the treatment group's wound areas were covered by 4 or 10 % ASI ointments twice a day for 5, 10, or 15 days. The rats were sacrificed either 5, 10, or 15 days after the wounds were created, and biopsy samples were taken for biochemical and histopathological analysis...
October 14, 2016: Biological Trace Element Research
Laura E Sidney, Andrew Hopkinson
Keratocytes of the corneal limbal stroma can derive populations of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) when expanded in vitro. However, once a corneal MSC (cMSC) phenotype is achieved, regaining the keratocyte phenotype can be challenging, and there is no standardised differentiation medium. Here, we investigated the transition of keratocytes to cMSC and compared different supplements in their ability to return cMSC to a keratocyte phenotype. Immunofluorescence and RT-qPCR demonstrated in vivo keratocyte expression of ALDH3A1, CD34 and keratocan, but not any of the typical MSC markers (CD73, CD90, CD105)...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Myung Jin Ban, Jae Hong Park, Jae Wook Kim, Ki Nam Park, Jae Yong Lee, Hee Kyung Kim, Seung Won Lee
Objectives: This study assessed the regenerative efficacy of basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF) in a rabbit model of chronic vocal fold scarring and then confirmed its utility and safety in a prospective trial of patients with this condition. Methods: FGF was injected three times, at 1-week intervals, into a chronic vocal fold scar created in a rabbit model. After 1 month, mRNA level of procollagen I, hyaluronic acid synthetase 2 (HAS 2), and matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP 2) were analyzed by real-time polymerase chain reaction...
September 27, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology
Changyue Xue, Jiamin Xie, Dan Zhao, Shiyu Lin, Tengfei Zhou, Sirong Shi, Xiaoru Shao, Yunfeng Lin, Bofeng Zhu, Xiaoxiao Cai
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to investigate the role of the JAK/STAT3 signalling pathway in angiogenesis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The model established in vitro, involved a 3D collagen gel being implanted with endothelial cells (ECs) from red fluorescent protein-labelled mice, and adipose-derived stromal cells (ASCs) from green fluorescent protein-labelled mice. Phenomena of angiogenesis, after treatment by the inhibitor and the activator of JAK/STAT3 pathway respectively, were observed using confocal laser scanning microscopy...
September 25, 2016: Cell Proliferation
Gordon A Begg, Gregory Y H Lip, Sven Plein, Muzahir H Tayebjee
INTRODUCTION: External direct current cardioversion (DCCV) is an established treatment for AF but is associated with procedural risk and high AF recurrence rates. Cardiac fibrosis has been associated with AF, and circulating biomarkers have been suggested as a method of its assessment, but which biomarkers are suitable is yet to be determined. This study examines the differences between levels of procollagen type III N terminal peptide (PIIINP), type I collagen carboxyl telopeptide (ICTP), galectin-3 (gal-3) and fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF-23) in DCCV patients, and disease-and-age-matched controls...
September 10, 2016: Clinical Biochemistry
Hai Huang, Thomas B Kornberg
Drosophila dorsal air sac development depends on Decapentaplegic (Dpp) and Fibroblast growth factor (FGF) proteins produced by the wing imaginal disc and transported by cytonemes to the air sac primordium (ASP). Dpp and FGF signaling in the ASP was dependent on components of the planar cell polarity (PCP) system in the disc, and neither Dpp- nor FGF-receiving cytonemes extended over mutant disc cells that lacked them. ASP cytonemes normally navigate through extracellular matrix (ECM) composed of collagen, laminin, Dally and Dally-like (Dlp) proteins that are stratified in layers over the disc cells...
2016: ELife
Xue Liu, Yuanjian Chen, Cody W McCoy, Tieqiang Zhao, Darryl L Quarles, Min Pi, Syamal K Bhattacharya, Gwendalyn King, Yao Sun
BACKGROUND: Soluble Klotho functions as an endocrine factor that plays important roles in a variety of pathophysiological processes. Soluble Klotho contains 130 KDa and 65 KDa isoforms. However, their distinct individual functional heterogeneity remains uncertain. Herein, we investigated the regulatory role of two soluble Klothos on cardiac fibrogenic responses. METHODS AND RESULTS: The effect of soluble Klothos on myofibroblast differentiation, proliferation, and collagen synthesis/degradation were examined in cultured mouse cardiac myofibroblasts...
October 2016: American Journal of Hypertension
Sanya-Eduarda Kuzet, Cedric Gaggioli
In solid cancers, activated fibroblasts acquire the capacity to provide fertile soil for tumor progression. Specifically, cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) establish a strong relationship with cancer cells. This provides advantages to both cell types: whereas cancer cells initiate and sustain CAF activation, CAFs support cancer cell growth, motility and invasion. This results in tumor progression, metastasis and chemoresistance. Numerous studies have detailed the mechanisms involved in fibroblast activation and cancer progression, some of which are reviewed in this article...
September 2016: Cell and Tissue Research
S Zhou, Z Wang, J Tang, W Li, J Huang, W Xu, F Luo, M Xu, J Wang, X Wen, L Chen, H Chen, N Su, Y Shen, X Du, Y Xie, L Chen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study is to investigate the effects of exogenous fibroblast growth factor (FGF)9 on the progression of post-traumatic osteoarthritis (OA). DESIGN: The expression of FGF9 in articular cartilage with OA is detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC). The effects of intra-articular exogenous FGF9 injection on post-traumatic OA induced by the destabilization of the medial meniscus (DMM) surgery are evaluated. Cartilage changes and osteophyte formation in knee joints are investigated by histological analysis...
July 27, 2016: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
E Peterová, A Mrkvicová, L Podmolíková, M Řezáčová, J Kanta
Rat liver myofibroblasts (MFB) are the key cells involved in the deposition of extracellular matrix in fibrotic liver. They were isolated by repeated passaging of non-parenchymal cell fraction and cultured in 3-dimensional (3D) collagen gel mimicking tissue. The transfer of MFB from plastic dishes to collagen resulted in the change in their shape from large and spread to slender with long extensions. The expression of transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) and of MFB markers, alpha-smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA) and cellular fibronectin (EDA-FN), on protein level was significantly decreased in collagen gel...
July 15, 2016: Physiological Research
Chiko Shimbori, Pierre-Simon Bellaye, Jiaji Xia, Jack Gauldie, Kjetil Ask, Carlos Ramos, Carina Becerril, Annie Pardo, Moises Selman, Martin Kolb
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is characterized by progressive fibroblast and myofibroblast proliferation, and extensive deposition of extracellular matrix (ECM). Fibroblast growth factor-1 (FGF-1) belongs to the FGF family and has been shown to inhibit fibroblast collagen production and differentiation into myofibroblasts, and revert epithelial-mesenchymal transition by inhibiting TGF-β1 signalling pathways. However, the precise role of FGF-1 in pulmonary fibrosis has not yet been elucidated. In this study, we explore the mechanisms underlying the anti-fibrogenic effect of FGF-1 in pulmonary fibrosis in vitro and in vivo by prolonged transient overexpression of FGF-1 (AdFGF-1) and TGF-β1 (AdTGF-β1) using adenoviral vectors...
October 2016: Journal of Pathology
Po-Hsin Chou, Shih-Tien Wang, Hsiao-Li Ma, Chien-Lin Liu, Ming-Chau Chang, Oscar Kuang-Sheng Lee
BACKGROUND: Different biologic approaches to treat disc regeneration, including growth factors (GFs) application, are currently under investigation. Human annulus fibrosus (hAF) repair or regeneration is one of the key elements for maintenance and restoration of nucleus pulposus function. However, so far there is no effective treatment for this purpose. The aim of the present study was to investigate the response of hAF cells to different combinations of GFs, and develop a protocol for efficient culture expansion...
2016: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Yanhong Li, Jigang Zhang, Yanfeng Xu, Yunlin Han, Binbin Jiang, Lan Huang, Hua Zhu, Yuhuan Xu, Weiling Yang, Chuan Qin
The biological effects of different wavelengths of light emitting diode (LED) light tend to vary from each other. Research into use of photobiomodulation for treatment of skin wounds and the underlying mechanisms has been largely lacking. We explored the histopathological basis of the therapeutic effect of photobiomodulation and the relation between duration of exposure and photobiomodulation effect of different wavelengths of LED in a Japanese big-ear white rabbit skin-wound model. Skin wound model was established in 16 rabbits (three wounds per rabbit: one served as control, the other two wounds were irradiated by red and blue LED lights, respectively)...
2016: PloS One
Nafiseh Poornejad, Lara B Schaumann, Evan M Buckmiller, Nima Momtahan, Jason R Gassman, Ho Hin Ma, Beverly L Roeder, Paul R Reynolds, Alonzo D Cook
The combination of patient-specific cells with scaffolds obtained from natural sources may result in improved regeneration of human tissues. Decellularization of the native tissue is the first step in this technology. Effective decellularization uses agents that lyse cells and remove all cellular materials, leaving intact collagenous extracellular matrices (ECMs). Removing cellular remnants prevents an immune response while preserving the underlying structure. In this study, the impact of five decellularization agents (0...
June 16, 2016: Journal of Biomaterials Applications
Meike Simann, Solange Le Blanc, Verena Schneider, Viola Zehe, Martin Lüdemann, Norbert Schütze, Franz Jakob, Tatjana Schilling
Controlling the adipo-osteogenic lineage decision of trabecular human bone marrow stromal cells (hBMSCs) in favor of osteogenesis represents a promising approach for osteoporosis therapy and prevention. Previously, Fibroblast Growth Factor 1 (FGF1) and its subfamily member FGF2 were scored as leading candidates to exercise control over skeletal precursor commitment and lineage decision albeit literature results are highly inconsistent. We show here that FGF1 and 2 strongly prevent the osteogenic commitment and differentiation of hBMSCs...
June 16, 2016: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Diana R Mager, Stephanie T Jackson, Michelle R Hoffmann, Kailash Jindal, Peter A Senior
BACKGROUND: Adults with diabetes (DM) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) are at risk for vitamin D (vitD) insufficiency, suboptimal bone health and reduced quality of life (QoL) due to limited sunlight exposure, poor vitD intake and CKD. AIMS: This open-labeled, randomized clinical trial, compared the impact of daily (2000 IU/D) verses monthly (40,000 IU/month) vitD3 supplementation over six months on markers of vitD status, bone health and QoL in adults with DM and CKD (stages: 1-4)...
June 2, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Emiko Saito, Akira Saito, Hiroshi Kato, Yoshihiro Shibukawa, Satoshi Inoue, Fumihiko Yuge, Toshinori Nakajima, Tomomi Takahashi, Masamitsu Kawanami
BACKGROUND: Periodontal regeneration of incisors is necessary for esthetic recovery. A novel regenerative method combining bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-2 and fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-2 was developed. The purpose of this study is to evaluate periodontal healing, including root coverage, in circumferential defects of incisors. METHODS: Fifty incisors in five beagles were used. After circumferential defects were surgically created, each group, consisting of ten recipient sites, received: 1) a double layer with FGF-2 (2 μg)/collagen as inner layer and BMP-2 (4 μg)/collagen as outer layer (FB-DL group); 2) collagen impregnated with both FGF-2 (2 μg) and BMP-2 (4 μg) (FB-M group); 3) BMP-2 (4 μg)/collagen (B group); 4) FGF-2 (4 μg)/collagen (F group); or 5) collagen (C group)...
September 2016: Journal of Periodontology
Junzhou Tang, Nan Su, Siru Zhou, Yangli Xie, Junlan Huang, Xuan Wen, Zuqiang Wang, Quan Wang, Wei Xu, Xiaolan Du, Hangang Chen, Lin Chen
OBJECTIVE: Fibroblast growth factor (FGF) signaling is involved in articular cartilage homeostasis. This study was undertaken to investigate the role and mechanisms of FGF receptor 3 (FGFR-3) in the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis (OA) caused by surgery and aging in mice. METHODS: FGFR-3 was conditionally deleted or activated in articular chondrocytes in adult mice subjected to surgical destabilization of the medial meniscus (DMM). A mouse model of human achondroplasia was also used to assess the role of FGFR-3 in age-associated spontaneous OA...
October 2016: Arthritis & Rheumatology
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