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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932825/editorial
#1
EDITORIAL
Adrian Saftoiu
Dear colleagues, It is my great pleasure and honor to introduce the September 2017 Issue of Ultrasound International Open (UIO), already in its eight number from the initial appearance of the journal in 2015. Recently, UIO has reached the antechamber of journals applying for Impact Factor, being accepted in ESCI (Emerging Sources Citation Index). Consequently, UIO will soon appear in the Web of Science, a major step forward for the journal. The enthusiasm and hard work of the editors, as well as of the entire Thieme support team was invaluable for this endeavor! Three landmark papers are published in the issue, along with 4 case presentations and 1 letter to the editor...
June 2017: Ultrasound International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932697/thoracic-wall-trauma-misdiagnosed-lesions-on-radiographs-and-usefulness-of-ultrasound-multidetector-computed-tomography-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#2
REVIEW
Xavier Tomas, Catherine Facenda, Nuno Vaz, Edgar Augusto Castañeda, Montserrat Del Amo, Ana Isabel Garcia-Diez, Jaime Pomes
Blunt injuries to the chest wall are an important chapter on emergency room (ER) departments, being the third most common injuries in trauma patients which ominous complications could appear. This article describes different types of traumatic events affecting the chest wall, which maybe misdiagnosed with conventional X-ray. Special emphasis has been done in computed tomography (CT) and multidetector CT (MDCT) imaging. This technique is considered the "gold-standard" for those traumatic patients, due to its fast acquisition covering the whole area of interest in axial plane, reconstructing multiplanar (2D, 3D) volume-rendered images with a superb quality and angiographic CT capabilities for evaluating vascular damage...
August 2017: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932692/patient-with-antiphospholipid-syndrome-presenting-with-testicular-torsion-like-symptoms
#3
Arnav Srivastava, Joan Ko, Joy Ogunsile, Alison Moliterno, William H Westra, Alice Semerjian
Testicular torsion, a urological emergency, occurs due to absence of testicular blood supply secondary to a mechanical twist of the spermatic cord. The authors describe a 28-year-old male who presented with torsion symptoms, first in the left testicle and four months later in the right testicle. Doppler ultrasound and surgical exploration revealed disruption of blood flow but no evidence of spermatic cord twisting. Additionally, physical examination findings at the time of presentation were inconsistent with testicular torsion...
November 2017: Urology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932352/novel-technique-of-abdominal-wall-nerve-block-for-laparoscopic-colostomy-rectus-sheath-block-with-transperitoneal-approach
#4
Jun Nagata, Jun Watanabe, Yusuke Sawatsubashi, Masaki Akiyama, Koichi Arase, Noritaka Minagawa, Takayuki Torigoe, Kotaro Hamada, Yoshifumi Nakayama, Keiji Hirata
A 62-year-old man who had acute rectal obstruction due to a large rectal cancer is presented. He underwent emergency laparoscopic colostomy. We used the laparoscopic puncture needle to inject analgesia with the novel transperitoneal approach. In this procedure, both ultrasound and laparoscopic images assisted with the accurate injection of analgesic to the correct layer. The combination of laparoscopic visualization and ultrasound imaging ensured infiltration of analgesic into the correct layer without causing damage to the bowel...
August 27, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932302/predictive-value-of-tracheal-rapid-ultrasound-exam-performed-in-the-emergency-department-for-verification-of-tracheal-intubation
#5
Babak Masoumi, Reza Azizkhani, Gilava Hedayati Emam, Morteza Asgarzadeh, Behrouz Zargar Kharazi
BACKGROUND: Verification of the correct placement of the endotracheal tube (ETT) has been one of the most challenging issues of airway management in the field of emergency medicine. Early detection of oesophagal intubation through a reliable method is important for emergency physicians. AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic accuracy of tracheal rapid ultrasound exam (TRUE) to assess endotracheal tube misplacement during emergency intubation. METHODS: This was an observational prospective study performed in the emergency department of the major tertiary referral hospital in the city...
August 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931801/elizabethkingia-meningoseptica-in-a-case-of-biliary-tract-infection-following-liver-transplantation
#6
Hebah M Musalem, Yazan N Honjol, Lin M Tuleimat, Saleh I Al Abbad, Fahad I Alsohaibani
BACKGROUND Elizabethkingia meningoseptica (E. meningoseptica) is an aerobic Gram-negative bacillus known to thrive in moist environments, and is now recognized as a hospital-acquired infection, being found to contaminate hospital equipment, respiratory apparatus, hospital solutions, water, and drainage systems. Nosocomial infection with E. meningoseptica occurs in immunocompromised patients, requires specialized identification methods, and is resistant to conventional antibiotics. We report a case of E. meningoseptica infection arising from a percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD) tube...
September 21, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931489/the-endoscopist-and-malignant-and-non-malignant-biliary-obstruction
#7
REVIEW
S P Pereira, G Goodchild, G J M Webster
Patients with biliary strictures often represent a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge, due to the site and complexity of biliary obstruction and wide differential diagnosis. Multidisciplinary decision making is required to reach an accurate and timely diagnosis and to plan optimal care. Developments in endoscopic ultrasound and peroral cholangioscopy have advanced the diagnostic yield of biliary endoscopy, and novel optical imaging techniques are emerging. Endoscopic approaches to biliary drainage are preferred in most scenarios, and recent advances in therapeutic endoscopic ultrasound allow drainage where the previous alternatives would have only been percutaneous or surgical...
September 17, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928927/unusual-cause-of-acute-scrotum-in-children-a-case-report
#8
Salahoudine Idrissa, Mohamed Amine Oukhouya, Mohamed Tazi, Abdelhalim Mahmoudi, Aziz Elmadi, Khalid Khattala, Youssef Bouabdallah
A 13-year-old boy was presented in the pediatric emergency with a 2-week history of swelling of the right scrotal contents of simple evolution, which was worsened by the appearance of an acute scrotal pain 48 h prior to his consultation. The doppler ultrasound and computed tomography (CT) scan revealed an incarceration of the omentum in an inguinal hernia. Acute scrotal pain and swelling is a common reason for surgical consultation in the emergency department of children. However, omentum is a rare content of inguinal hernia in children and infarct is exceptional...
September 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928325/transversus-abdominis-plane-block-for-pain-relief-in-patients-undergoing-in-endoscopic-repair-of-abdominal-wall-hernia-a-comparative-randomised-double-blind-prospective-study
#9
Aparna Sinha, Lakshmi Jayaraman, Dinesh Punhani, Pradeep Chowbey
INTRODUCTION: Transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block is now a well-established technique in post-operative analgesia for lower abdominal surgeries. We evaluated the effect of ultrasound-guided TAP block on recovery parameters in patients undergoing endoscopic repair of abdominal wall hernia. METHODS: Thirty adults were randomised to receive either ropivacaine with dexmedetomidine (TR) or saline (TP) in TAP block, before emergence from anaesthesia. The patients were assessed for pain relief, sedation, time to ambulate (TA), discharge readiness (DR), postoperative opioid requirement and any adverse events...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927999/swimming-induced-pulmonary-oedema-an-uncommon-condition-diagnosed-with-pocus-ultrasound
#10
Joaquín Valle Alonso, Motiur Chowdhury, Raju Borakati, Upali Gankande
Swimming Induced Pulmonary Edema, or SIPE, is an emerging condition occurring in otherwise healthy individuals during surface swimming or diving that is characterized by cough, dyspnea, hemoptysis, and hypoxemia. It is typically found in those who spend time in cold water exercise with heavy swimming and surface swimming, such as civilian training for iron Man, triathalon, and military training. We report the case of a highly trained young female swimmer in excellent cardiopulmonary health, who developed acute alveolar pulmonary oedema in an open water swimming training diagnosed in the emergency department using POCUS ultrasound...
September 16, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927978/approaching-zero-implications-of-a-computed-tomography-reduction-program-for-pediatric-appendicitis-evaluation
#11
K Tinsley Anderson, Marisa Bartz-Kurycki, Mary T Austin, Akemi Kawaguchi, Susan D John, Lillian S Kao, KuoJen Tsao
PURPOSE: Because of awareness of iatrogenic radiation exposure, there is a national trend of diminishing computed tomography (CT) use for pediatric suspected appendicitis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of a CT reduction program for evaluation of appendicitis. METHODS: A multidisciplinary group (emergency medicine, radiology, and surgery) at a children's hospital developed a reduction program which included: ultrasound (U/S) first (2012), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) second (2014), and standardized U/S reports (2016)...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927949/a-novel-method-of-assessing-for-lung-sliding-using-doppler-imaging
#12
Gabriel Rose, Sebastian Siadecki, Ryan Tansek, Nadia Baranchuk, Turandot Saul
Ultrasound is an ideal modality in the emergency department (ED) to assess for pneumothorax given its rapid availability, portability, and repeatability to assess clinical status changes. Certain patient populations and clinical circumstances may present challenges to the performance of this examination. In this article, we review patterns of the presence or absence of lung sliding in the commonly utilized sonographic modes in the ED setting. We also describe a novel technique to evaluate lung sliding using tissue Doppler...
September 8, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927352/an-acute-presentation-of-pediatric-mesenteric-lymphangioma-a-case-report-and-literature-overview
#13
Céline Clement, Rob Snoekx, Pieter Ceulemans, Inez Wyn, Jan Matheï
INTRODUCTION: Lymphangioma accounts for 5% of benign pediatric tumors and less than 1% is located in the abdomen. While mesenteric lymphatic malformation or mesenteric lymphangioma (ML), mostly appears asymptomatic in adults, an acute clinical presentation is seen more often in children. Symptoms can mimic obstruction or peritonitis and diagnosis can therefore be challenging. Imaging studies are performed to exclude other causes of obstruction or peritonitis. Diagnosis of ML is always made by histology...
September 19, 2017: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926507/point-of-care-ultrasound-could-streamline-the-emergency-department-workflow-of-clinically-nonspecific-intussusception
#14
Jung Heon Kim, Jeong-Yong Lee, Jae Hyun Kwon, Hyung-Rae Cho, Jong Seung Lee, Jeong-Min Ryu
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) for intussusception screening streamlines the workflow of clinically nonspecific intussusception (CNI), an intussusception presenting with only 1 manifestation of the classic triad, and/or vomiting. METHODS: We reviewed 274 consecutive children with intussusception, aged 6 years or younger, who visited a tertiary care hospital emergency department between May 2012 and April 2016...
September 18, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923679/inguinal-hernia-containing-urinary-bladder-a-case-report
#15
Milena Taskovska, Jurij Janež
INTRODUCTION: Inguinal bladder hernia is rare condition found in about 1-5% of inguinal hernias. The condition is usually diagnosed intraoperatively. Patients rarely have symptoms regarding urinary tract. The best management is surgical, open surgical technique is preferred over laparoscopic. Possible urinary tract damage during surgery should be recognized and resolved. CASE PRESENTATION: The following paper presents case of inguinal bladder hernia in 82-year old Caucasian male...
September 5, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920524/remotely-supported-prehospital-ultrasound-a-feasibility-study-of-real-time-image-transmission-and-expert-guidance-to-aid-diagnosis-in-remote-and-rural-communities
#16
Leila Eadie, John Mulhern, Luke Regan, Alasdair Mort, Helen Shannon, Ashish Macaden, Philip Wilson
Introduction Our aim is to expedite prehospital assessment of remote and rural patients using remotely-supported ultrasound and satellite/cellular communications. In this paradigm, paramedics are remotely-supported ultrasound operators, guided by hospital-based specialists, to record images before receiving diagnostic advice. Technology can support users in areas with little access to medical imaging and suboptimal communications coverage by connecting to multiple cellular networks and/or satellites to stream live ultrasound and audio-video...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918811/future-directions-for-endoscopic-ultrasound-where-are-we-heading
#17
REVIEW
Sahin Coban, Omer Basar, William R Brugge
Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) plays an important role as a diagnostic and therapeutic modality in gastroenterology. New developments have emerged, especially in the last decade, and are being introduced to endoscopists. The ability to readily visualize and access organs in the gastrointestinal tract has allowed endoscopists to perform new interventional procedures. EUS procedures have taken the place of conventional approaches for the treatment of various gastrointestinal diseases, including pancreatic cystic lesions...
October 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918797/the-early-history-of-interventional-endoscopic-ultrasound
#18
REVIEW
Frank G Gress
Technological advances in the field of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) have emerged, especially in the past decade, that have rapidly expanded the therapeutic potential of EUS, largely through the innovations of accessory technology that could not have happened without innovative changes to echoendoscopes. As interventional EUS continues to evolve, further expansion into previously uncharted areas will most certainly happen.
October 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916590/us-emergency-department-trends-in-imaging-for-pediatric-nontraumatic-abdominal-pain
#19
Lauren M Niles, Monika K Goyal, Gia M Badolato, James M Chamberlain, Joanna S Cohen
OBJECTIVES: To describe national emergency department (ED) trends in computed tomography (CT) and ultrasound imaging for the evaluation of pediatric nontraumatic abdominal pain from 2007 through 2014. METHODS: We used data from the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey to measure trends in CT and ultrasound use among children with nontraumatic abdominal pain. We performed multivariable logistic regression to measure the strength of the association of ED type (pediatric versus general ED) with CT and ultrasound use adjusting for potential confounding variables...
September 15, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914343/image-guided-percutaneous-removal-of-ballistic-foreign-bodies-secondary-to-air-gun-injuries
#20
Jacob L Rothermund, Andrew J Rabe, Nicholas A Zumberge, James W Murakami, Patrick S Warren, Mark J Hogan
BACKGROUND: Ballistic injuries with retained foreign bodies from air guns is a relatively common problem, particularly in children and adolescents. If not removed in a timely fashion, the foreign bodies can result in complications, including pain and infection. Diagnostic methods to identify the presence of the foreign body run the entire gamut of radiology, particularly radiography, ultrasound (US) and computed tomography (CT). Removal of the foreign bodies can be performed by primary care, emergency, surgical, and radiologic clinicians, with or without imaging guidance...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
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