keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Citalopram

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432778/cross-species-studies-of-cognition-relevant-to-drug-discovery-a-translational-approach
#1
REVIEW
T W Robbins
This Review advances the case that bidirectional, cross-species translation of findings from experimental animals to and from humans is an important strategy for drug discovery. Animal models of mental disorders require appropriate behavioural or cognitive outcome variables that can be generalized cross-species. One example is the treatment of impulsive behaviour in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) with stimulant drugs. Performance on the stop signal reaction task as an index of impulsivity is improved both in healthy human volunteers and in patients with adult ADHD by stimulant drugs and also by the selective noradrenergic reuptake blocker atomoxetine...
April 22, 2017: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398617/citalopram-induces-reproductive-toxicity-in-male-rats
#2
Sinem Ilgin, Gozde Kilic, Merve Baysal, Volkan Kilic, Busra Korkut, Seyda Ucarcan, Ozlem Atli
BACKGROUND: Citalopram hydrobromide (CTL) has been shown to cause sexual dysfunction; however, its reproductive toxicity potential has not been sufficiently elucidated in men. Therefore, we aimed to clarify the toxic effects of CTL on the reproductive system of male rats. METHODS: For this purpose, CTL was administered at 5, 10, and 20 mg/kg/day to rats orally for 28 days. Sperm concentration, motility, and morphology were investigated using a computer-assisted sperm analysis system, and sperm DNA damage was detected using a Comet assay...
April 17, 2017: Birth Defects Res
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395245/validation-of-a-dried-blood-spot-method-for-therapeutic-drug-monitoring-of-citalopram-mirtazapine-and-risperidone-and-its-active-metabolite-9-hydroxyrisperidone-using-hplc-ms
#3
Johanna Weber, Stefanie Oberfeld, Andrea Bonse, Klaus Telger, Rainer Lingg, Georg Hempel
Citalopram, mirtazapine and risperidone are frequently prescribed for psychiatric illnesses such as depression and psychosis or for aggressive behavior in elderly patients with dementia. The plasma concentrations vary greatly between patients, especially in elderly patients. Thus, therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) increases the safety of antipsychotic treatment and a more rapid response to treatment may be achieved. To facilitate TDM, the objectives of this study were to develop and validate a reliable dried blood spot method to simultaneously quantify citalopram, mirtazapine and risperidone including its active metabolite 9-hydroxyrisperidone...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377809/long-term-antidepressant-treatment-in-general-practice-changes-in-body-mass-index
#4
Laura Chiwanda, Matthew Cordiner, Anne T Thompson, Polash Shajahan
Aims and method To discern changes in body mass index (BMI) in patients on long-term antidepressant treatment in a general practice population and establish BMI changes in patients with and without a diagnosis of diabetes. We used a retrospective observational method and identified patients on four antidepressants of interest. We excluded those who did not have start and current BMI readings within the past 3 years and noted whether or not patients had a diagnosis of diabetes. Results Long-term treatment with citalopram, fluoxetine, mirtazapine and sertraline was associated with increased BMI in two-thirds of patients...
December 2016: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362488/serotonin-transporter-associated-protein-complexes-are-enriched-in-synaptic-vesicle-proteins-and-proteins-involved-in-energy-metabolism-and-ion-homeostasis
#5
Jana Haase, Joanna Grudzinska-Goebel, Heidi Kaastrup Müller, Agnieszka Münster-Wandowski, Elysian Chow, Kieran Wynne, Zohreh Farsi, Johannes-Friedrich Zander, Gudrun Ahnert-Hilger
The serotonin transporter (SERT) mediates Na(+)-dependent high-affinity serotonin uptake and plays a key role in regulating extracellular serotonin concentration in the brain and periphery. To gain novel insight into SERT regulation, we conducted a comprehensive proteomics screen to identify components of SERT-associated protein complexes in the brain by employing three independent approaches. In vivo SERT complexes were purified from rat brain using an immobilized high-affinity SERT ligand, amino-methyl citalopram...
April 21, 2017: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356024/anti-cancer-effects-of-citalopram-on-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells-occur-via-cytochrome-c-release-and-the-activation-of-nf-kb
#6
Elham Ahmadian, Aziz Eftekhari, Hossein Babaei, Alireza Mohajjel Nayebi, Mohammad Ali Eghbal
BACKGROUND: Evidence has been provided of the anti-proliferative activity of citalopram against some cancer cells. OBJECTIVE: The apoptotic impact of citalopram, an antidepressant, against liver hepatocellular carcinoma cell line HepG2 was investigated in relation to the oxidative pathway and nuclear factor (NF)-kB activation. METHOD: The cytotoxic effects of citalopram on HepG2 cells proliferation were determined by MTT assay. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation and cytochrome c release were measured following treatment with citalopram...
March 27, 2017: Anti-cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351080/is-really-crocus-sativus-as-effective-as-citalopram-in-the-treatment-of-depression
#7
Konstantinos N Fountoulakis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 28, 2017: Pharmacopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344955/association-of-citalopram-with-congenital-anomalies-a-meta-analysis
#8
Hyun-Hye Kang, Ki Hoon Ahn, Soon-Cheol Hong, Bo Yong Kwon, Eun Hee Lee, Ji-Sung Lee, Min-Jeong Oh, Hai-Joong Kim
OBJECTIVE: The antenatal use of citalopram, a widely prescribed selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, has been suspected to be associated with congenital, particularly cardiac, anomalies. This study aimed to prove the association between citalopram use and congenital anomalies. METHODS: We searched the English literature from July 1998 to July 2015, by using the search terms ' citalopram', ' pregnancy', ' birth defects', ' congenital anomalies', and ' malformations' in PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library...
March 2017: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340244/bupropion-administration-increases-resting-state-functional-connectivity-in-dorso-medial-prefrontal-cortex
#9
Ewelina Rzepa, Zola Dean, Ciara McCabe
Background: Patients on the selective serotonergic re-uptake inhibitors (SSRI) like citalopram report emotional blunting. We have shown previously that citalopram reduces resting-state functional connectivity (RSFC) in healthy volunteers in a number of brain regions including the dorso-medial prefrontal cortex, which may be related to its clinical effects. Bupropion is a dopaminergic and noradrenergic re-uptake inhibitor (DNRI) and is not reported to cause emotional blunting. However how bupropion affects RSFC in healthy controls remains unknown...
March 11, 2017: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335691/cases-of-drug-induced-torsade-de-pointes-a-review-of-belgian-cases-in-the-eudravigilance-database
#10
Eline Vandael, Bert Vandenberk, Joris Vandenberghe, Rik Willems, Veerle Foulon
OBJECTIVES: Post-marketing surveillance is very important, especially for rare adverse drug reactions like QTc-prolongation and Torsade de Pointes (TdP). The objective of this study was to investigate the characteristics of Belgian cases of drug-related TdP reported in the EudraVigilance database. METHODS: The EudraVigilance database was searched for Belgian post-marketing cases of TdP reported between December 2001-April 2015. These cases were identified with MedDRA preferred terms...
March 24, 2017: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326933/attenuation-of-hyperalgesia-responses-via-the-modulation-of-5-hydroxytryptamine-signalings-in-the-rostral-ventromedial-medulla-and-spinal-cord-in-a-6-hydroxydopamine-induced-rat-model-of-parkinson-s-disease
#11
Chen-Tao Wang, Cheng-Jie Mao, Xiao-Qi Zhang, Cai-Yi Zhang, Dong-Jun Lv, Ya-Ping Yang, Kai-Lin Xia, Jun-Yi Liu, Fen Wang, Li-Fang Hu, Guang-Yin Xu, Chun-Feng Liu
Background Although pain is one of the most distressing non-motor symptoms among patients with Parkinson's disease, the underlying mechanisms of pain in Parkinson's disease remain elusive. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine) in the rostral ventromedial medulla (RVM) and spinal cord in pain sensory abnormalities in a 6-hydroxydopamine-treated rat model of Parkinson's disease. Methods The rotarod test was used to evaluate motor function. The radiant heat test and von Frey test were conducted to evaluate thermal and mechanical pain thresholds, respectively...
January 2017: Molecular Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323381/dendrimer-reinforced-sol-gel-based-hollow-fiber-solid-phase-microextraction-for-citalopram-determination-using-response-surface-methodology
#12
Salameh Azimi, Zarrin Es'haghi, Ghasem Rezanejade Bardajee
The inclusion of a polyamidoamine dendrimer in a silica sol-gel yielded a solid nanosorbent that was used for the preconcentration, extraction, and determination of citalopram in hospital waste water, hemodialysis solution, and some drinking water. The method was developed by applying a novel nanosorbent for the solid-phase microextraction of citalopram, containing a silica sol-gel reinforced by polyamidoamine second-generation dendrimer, which was protected by a polypropylene hollow fiber. Plackett-Burman design and central composite design were utilized to evaluate the significance of several factors on the extraction efficiency...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323288/citalopram-amplifies-the-influence-of-living-conditions-on-mood-in-depressed-patients-enrolled-in-the-star-d-study
#13
F Chiarotti, A Viglione, A Giuliani, I Branchi
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), the most commonly prescribed antidepressant drugs, have a variable and incomplete efficacy. In order to better understand SSRI action, we explored the hypothesis that SSRIs do not affect mood per se but amplify the influence of the living conditions on mood. To this aim, we exploited the Sequenced Treatment Alternatives to Relieve Depression (STAR*D) data set, selected a subpopulation of 591 patients with an overlapping clinical history and analyzed treatment outcome according to dosage -20 or 40 mg per day of citalopram...
March 21, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322832/dapoxetine-induces-neuroprotective-effects-against-glutamate-induced-neuronal-cell-death-by-inhibiting-calcium-signaling-and-mitochondrial-depolarization-in-cultured-rat-hippocampal-neurons
#14
Imju Jeong, Ji Seon Yang, Yi Jae Hong, Hee Jung Kim, Sang June Hahn, Shin Hee Yoon
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) have an inhibitory effect on various ion channels including Ca(2+) channels. We used fluorescent dye-based digital imaging, whole-cell patch clamping and cytotoxicity assays to examine whether dapoxetine, a novel rapid-acting SSRI, affect glutamate-induced calcium signaling, mitochondrial depolarization and neuronal cell death in cultured rat hippocampal neurons. Pretreatment with dapoxetine for 10min inhibited glutamate-induced intracellular free Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)]i) increases in a concentration-dependent manner (Half maximal inhibitory concentration= 4...
March 16, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318797/early-symptom-trajectories-as-predictors-of-treatment-outcome-for-citalopram-versus-placebo
#15
Sigal Zilcha-Mano, Steven P Roose, Patrick J Brown, Bret R Rutherford
OBJECTIVES: The high percentage of failed clinical trials for anti-depressant medications, especially in elderly populations, obscures the fact that some patients may benefit greatly from treatment. Early detection of patients who may benefit most from antidepressant medication may improve treatment decisions. We examined whether depressed patients in a large clinical trial exhibit distinct trajectories of early symptom change that predict differential response to medication or placebo...
February 3, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315270/sigma-1-receptor-agonists-and-their-clinical-implications-in-neuropsychiatric-disorders
#16
Yakup Albayrak, Kenji Hashimoto
Accumulating evidence suggests that sigma-1 receptors play a role in the pathophysiology of neuropsychiatric diseases, as well as in the mechanisms of some selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). Among the SSRIs, the order of affinity for sigma-1 receptors is as follows: fluvoxamine > sertraline > fluoxetine > escitalopram > citalopram > paroxetine. Some SSRIs (e.g., fluvoxamine, fluoxetine and escitalopram) and other drugs (donepezil , ifenprodil , dehydroepiandeterone (DHEA)) potentiate nerve-growth factor (NGF)-induced neurite outgrowth in PC12 cells, and these effects could be antagonized by the selective sigma-1 receptor antagonist NE-100...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301398/a-pilot-study-cardiac-parameters-in-children-receiving-new-generation-antidepressants
#17
Mai Uchida, Andrea E Spencer, Tara Kenworthy, James Chan, Maura Fitzgerald, Ana Maria Rosales, Elana Kagan, Alexandra Saunders, Joseph Biederman
OBJECTIVE: Because of concerns about potential associations between high doses of citalopram and QTc prolongation in adults, this study examined whether such associations are operant in children. We hypothesized that therapeutic doses of nontricyclic antidepressant medications (non-TCAs) prescribed to children would be cardiovascularly safe. STUDY DESIGN: The sample consisted of 49 psychiatrically referred children and adolescents 6 to 17 years old of both sexes treated with a non-TCA (citalopram, escitalopram, fluoxetine, paroxetine, sertraline, bupropion, duloxetine, venlafaxine, mirtazapine)...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300462/an-update-on-the-advancements-in-the-treatment-of-agitation-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#18
REVIEW
Anton P Porsteinsson, Inga M Antonsdottir
Neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS) in Alzheimer's disease (AD) are associated with significant negative outcomes for patients and their caregivers. Agitation, one of the most distressing NPS, lacks safe and effective long term interventions. Nonpharmacological interventions are suggested as first-line treatment, but aren't effective for every patient, resulting in pharmacological interventions for some patients, consisting of off-label use of antipsychotics, sedative/hypnotics, anxiolytics, acetylcholinesterase inhibitors, memantine, and antidepressants; where efficacy doesn't necessarily outweigh associated risks...
April 2017: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294051/further-evaluation-of-mechanisms-associated-with-the-antidepressant-like-signature-of-scopolamine-in-mice
#19
Anna E Martin, Douglas A Schober, Alexander Nikolayev, Vladimir V Tolstikov, Wesley H Anderson, Richard E Higgs, Ming-Shang Kuo, Anastasia Laksmanan, John T Catlow, Xia Li, Christian C Felder, Jeffrey M Witkin
Conventional antidepressants lack efficacy for many patients (treatment-resistant depression or TRD) and generally take weeks to produce full therapeutic response in others. Emerging data has identified certain drugs such as ketamine as rapidly-acting antidepressants for major depressive disorder and TRD. Scopolamine, a drug used to treat motion sickness and nausea, has also been demonstrated to function as a rapidly-acting antidepressant. The mechanisms associated with efficacy in TRD patients and rapid onset of action have been suggested to involve a-Amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA) receptor and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling...
March 9, 2017: CNS & Neurological Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291260/gene-expression-and-proliferation-biomarkers-for-antidepressant-treatment-resistance
#20
J Breitfeld, C Scholl, M Steffens, G Laje, J C Stingl
The neurotrophic hypothesis of depression suggests an association between effects on neuroplasticity and clinical response to antidepressant drug therapy. We studied individual variability in antidepressant drug effects on cell proliferation in lymphoblastoid cell lines (LCLs) from n=25 therapy-resistant patients versus n=25 first-line therapy responders from the Sequenced Treatment Alternatives to Relieve Depression (STAR*D) study. Furthermore, the variability in gene expression of genes associated with cell proliferation was analyzed for tentative candidate genes for prediction of individual LCL donor's treatment response...
March 14, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
keyword
keyword
20557
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"