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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820985/human-bone-marrow-as-a-tissue-in-post-mortem-identification-and-determination-of-psychoactive-substances-screening-methodology
#1
Renata Wietecha-Posłuszny, Sofia Lendor, Magdalena Garnysz, Marcin Zawadzki, Paweł Kościelniak
The aim of this study was to apply a new instrumental approach to the analysis of human bone marrow for forensic purposes. A new screening method for the detection of more than 30 psychoactive drugs in bone marrow was developed and applied to case samples. The drugs used in this study belonged to the following groups: benzodiazepines (BZDs, n=16), tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs, n=5), selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI, n=4), serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (n=1), anticonvulsants (n=1), imidazopyridines (n=1) and piperazines (n=3)...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819255/mouse-strain-differences-in-ssri-sensitivity-correlate-with-serotonin-transporter-binding-and-function
#2
Zeng-Liang Jin, Xiao-Fei Chen, Yu-Hua Ran, Xiao-Rong Li, Jie Xiong, Yuan-Yuan Zheng, Na-Na Gao, Yun-Feng Li
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) bind 5-HT transporters, leading to the accumulation of 5-HT and amelioration of depression. Although different mouse strains show varying sensitivity to SSRIs in mouse models of depression, the underlying mechanism of these strain differences remains unclear. Here, the SSRI citalopram dose-dependently reduced immobility time in both the FST and TST in DBA/2J mice but not C57BL/6J mice, whereas fluoxetine showed the opposite results. Paroxetine similarly reduced immobility time in both strains...
August 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816725/effect-of-citalopram-for-the-treatment-of-neurocardiogenic-syncope
#3
Amer N Kadri, Leen Nusairat, Samah Kadri, Ammar Alqaid, Adrian V Hernandez, Nazih N Kadri
BACKGROUND: Neurocardiogenic syncope (NCS) is a common form of syncope. Although selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and other medications have been used to treat NCS with variable success, there is no consensus regarding a first-line therapy. STUDY QUESTION: To assess the effects of citalopram in NCS and to examine the effect of diagnostic use of the head-up tilt table (HUTT) versus empirical diagnosis on patient outcome. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective case series of 1000 consecutive patients who were diagnosed with NCS and treated with citalopram...
August 16, 2017: American Journal of Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813145/selective-uptake-and-bioaccumulation-of-antidepressants-in-fish-from-effluent-impacted-niagara-river
#4
Prapha Arnnok, Randolph Reyes Singh, Rodjana Burakham, Alicia Pérez-Fuentetaja, Diana S Aga
The continuous release of pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) into freshwater systems impacts the health of aquatic organisms. This study evaluates the concentrations and bioaccumulation of PPCPs and the selective uptake of antidepressants in fish from the Niagara River, which connects two of the North American Great lakes (Erie and Ontario). The Niagara River receives PPCPs from different wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) situated along the river and Lake Erie. Of the 22 targeted PPCPs, 11 were found at part-per-billion levels in WWTP effluents and at part-per-trillion levels in river water samples...
August 16, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803926/differences-in-associations-of-antidepressants-and-hospitalization-due-to-hyponatremia
#5
Shermineh Farmand, Jonatan Lindh, Jan Calissendorff, Jakob Skov, Henrik Falhammar, David Nathanson, Buster Mannheimer
Background Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and other antidepressants are important as a cause for hyponatremia. However, most studies have focused on the effect on sodium levels regardless of clinical symptoms or been too small to be able to discriminate between the effects of specific antidepressant drugs. The objective of the present study was to investigate the association between different groups of antidepressants and the risk of hospitalisation due to hyponatremia. Methods In this register based case-control study of patients in the general Swedish population we identified 14 359 individuals with a main diagnosis of hyponatremia...
August 10, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796088/the-effect-of-citalopram-versus-a-placebo-on-central-auditory-processing-in-the-elderly
#6
Jose Fernando Polanski, Alexandra Dezani Soares, Liliane Desgualdo Pereira, Oswaldo Laercio de Mendonça Cruz
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the effects of therapy with citalopram on the central auditory processing in the elderly measured by central auditory tests. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: Thirty-nine patients older than 60 years with normal hearing thresholds or symmetrical sensorineural hearing loss up to 70 dBHL, word-recognition score equal to or better than 70%, and diagnosed with central auditory processing disorders completed the study...
August 8, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793999/association-of-qt-prolonging-medication-use-in-ckd-with-electrocardiographic-manifestations
#7
Soren Snitker, Rebecca M Doerfler, Elsayed Z Soliman, Rajat Deo, Wendy L St Peter, Susan Kramlik, Michael J Fischer, Sankar Navaneethan, Patrice Delafontaine, Bernard G Jaar, Akinlolu Ojo, Gail K Makos, Anne Slaven, Matthew R Weir, Min Zhan, Jeffrey C Fink
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Several drugs used in CKD can prolong electrocardiographic conduction. We examined the use of electrocardiogram QT-prolonging medications in predialysis CKD and their association with QT duration. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: In total, 3252 Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort participants with at least one study electrocardiogram between 2003 and 2011 were included. QT-prolonging medications used in 100 or more visits (n=16,451 visits) along with diuretics and proton pump inhibitors, given their potential for electrolyte disturbances, were examined for QT interval prolongation...
August 9, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791695/use-of-antidepressants-and-risk-of-epithelial-ovarian-cancer
#8
Lina S Mørch, Christian Dehlendorff, Louise Baandrup, Søren Friis, Susanne K Kjaer
Antidepressants are widely prescribed among women to treat depression and anxiety disorders, but studies of their effects on gynecological cancer risk are sparse. We assessed associations between various antidepressants and risk of epithelial ovarian cancer. By using Danish nationwide registers, we identified all women (cases) aged 30 to 84 years with incident epithelial (serous, endometrioid, clear cell or mucinous) ovarian cancer during 2000-2011 (n= 4,103) and matched each case to 20 population controls (n=58,706) by risk-set matching...
August 9, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791048/specific-central-nervous-system-medications-are-associated-with-temporomandibular-joint-symptoms
#9
John K Drisdale Iii, Monica G Thornhill, Alexandre R Vieira
AIMS: There is evidence of association between bruxism and the increasingly common central nervous system stimulants prescribed for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), as well as the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) often prescribed for depression or anxiety. However, the evidence is not clear on whether these medications inducing bruxism are directly associated with temporomandibular joint disorder (TMD). The aim of this work is to evaluate whether these medications are associated with TMD symptoms...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776580/effect-of-citalopram-on-emotion-processing-in-humans-a-combined-5-ht1a-11-c-cumi-101-pet-and-functional-mri-study
#10
Sudhakar Selvaraj, Chris Walker, Danilo Arnone, Bo Cao, Paul Faulkner, Philip J Cowen, Jonathan P Roiser, Oliver Howes
A subset of patients started on a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) initially experience increased anxiety, which can lead to early discontinuation before therapeutic effects are manifest. The neural basis of this early SSRI effect is not known. Presynaptic dorsal raphe neuron (DRN) 5-HT1A receptors are known to play a critical role in affect processing. Thus we investigated the effect of acute citalopram on emotional processing and the relationship between DRN 5-HT1A receptor availability and amygdala reactivity...
August 4, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775189/comparative-efficacy-and-acceptability-of-antidepressant-treatment-in-poststroke-depression-a-multiple-treatments-meta-analysis
#11
Yefei Sun, Yifan Liang, Yang Jiao, Jueying Lin, Huiling Qu, Junjie Xu, Chuansheng Zhao
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to create a rank order of the comparative efficacy and acceptability (risk of all-cause discontinuation) of antidepressant treatment in poststroke depression (PSD) by integrating direct and indirect evidence. DESIGN: Multiple-treatments meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. PARTICIPANTS: Patients with depression following stroke. INTERVENTIONS: 10 antidepressants and placebo in the acute treatment of PSD...
August 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770534/antidepressant-induced-acute-liver-injury-a-case-control-study-in-an-italian-inpatient-population
#12
Carmen Ferrajolo, Cristina Scavone, Monia Donati, Oscar Bortolami, Giovanna Stoppa, Domenico Motola, Alfredo Vannacci, Alessandro Mugelli, Roberto Leone, Annalisa Capuano
INTRODUCTION: Pre-marketing clinical trials show that antidepressant-induced liver injury seems to be a rare adverse event. Because of short follow-up trial duration, the incidence of liver injury due to antidepressant use could be underestimated. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to quantify the risk of acute liver injury associated with antidepressant use through a case-control analysis among an inpatient population. METHODS: A multicenter study was carried out in nine Italian hospitals from October 2010 to January 2014, within the DILI-IT (Drug-Induced Liver Injury in Italy) study project...
August 2, 2017: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770276/a-comparative-study-of-qt-prolongation-with-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors
#13
Ana Ojero-Senard, Justine Benevent, Emmanuelle Bondon-Guitton, Geneviève Durrieu, Leila Chebane, Melanie Araujo, Francois Montastruc, Jean-Louis Montastruc
BACKGROUND: QT interval prolongations were described with citalopram and escitalopram. However, the effects of the other serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SRIs) remained discussed. In order to identify a putative signal with other SRIs, the present study investigates the reports of QT interval prolongation with SRIs in two pharmacovigilance databases (PVDB). METHODS: Two kinds of investigations were performed: (1) a comparative study in VigiBase®, the WHO PVDB, where notifications of QT prolongation with six SRIs (citalopram, escitalopram, fluoxetine, fluvoxamine, paroxetine, sertraline) were selected...
August 3, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763345/risk-of-hair-loss-with-different-antidepressants-a-comparative-retrospective-cohort-study
#14
Mahyar Etminan, Mohit Sodhi, Ric M Procyshyn, Michael Guo, Bruce C Carleton
The aim of this study was to quantify the risk of hair loss with different antidepressants. A retrospective cohort study design using a large health claims database in the USA from 2006 to 2014 was utilized. A cohort of new user and mutually exclusive users of fluoxetine, fluvoxamine, sertraline, citalopram, escitalopram, paroxetine, duloxetine, venlafaxine, desvenlafaxine, and bupropion were followed to the first diagnosis of alopecia. The cohort was comprised of 1 025 140 new users of fluoxetine, fluvoxamine, sertraline, citalopram, escitalopram, paroxetine, duloxetine, venlafaxine, desvenlafaxine, and bupropion, with sertraline the most commonly prescribed (N=190 227) and fluvoxamine (N=3010) the least prescribed...
July 31, 2017: International Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759400/body-composition-in-adolescents-during-treatment-with-selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors
#15
Chadi A Calarge, James A Mills, Kathleen F Janz, Trudy L Burns, William H Coryell, Babette S Zemel
OBJECTIVES: To examine the independent contribution of major depressive disorder (MDD), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) to changes in body composition in older adolescents. METHODS: Medically healthy 15- to 20-year-olds who were unmedicated or within 1 month of starting an SSRI were prospectively followed. Psychiatric functioning and medication treatment were assessed monthly. Body Mass Index (BMI) was measured every 4 months...
July 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756557/effects-of-central-nervous-system-drugs-on-recovery-after-stroke-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#16
REVIEW
See-Hwee Yeo, Zheng-Jie Ian Lim, Jia Mao, Wai-Ping Yau
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Pilot trials have suggested that pharmacotherapy may aid stroke recovery. The aim of this study was to systematically review the effects of antidepressants, anti-Alzheimer drugs, anti-Parkinson drugs, central nervous system (CNS) stimulants and piracetam on gross motor function, cognition, disability, dependency and quality of life (QOL) after stroke. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases were searched, and 44 randomized controlled trials that compared outcomes of interest between drug treatment and placebo or no treatment were included...
July 29, 2017: Clinical Drug Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756214/neonatal-fluoxetine-exposure-modulates-serotonergic-neurotransmission-and-disturb-inhibitory-action-of-serotonin-on-food-intake
#17
Isabeli Lins Pinheiro, Aline Isabel da Silva, Andressa Reginato, Reginaldo Correia da Silva Filho, Lígia Cristina Monteiro Galindo, Rhowena Jane Barbosa Matos, Jose Candido de Souza Ferraz Junior, Ana Elisa Toscano Meneses da Silva, Marciane Milanski Ferreira, Raul Manhães de Castro, Sandra Lopes de Souza
The neurotransmitter serotonin (5-HT) acts as an important regulator of the critical neurodevelopmental processes and thus alterations in 5-HT signaling early promotes permanent structural and functional changes in brain. The selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), as fluoxetine and citalopram, blocking serotonin transporter (SERT) at the presynaptic neuron, which regulates extracellular 5-HT levels. Evidence suggests that the exposure to SSRIs in the neurodevelopmental period may alters 5-HT signaling sensitivity on food intake control...
July 26, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739492/efficacy-and-safety-of-citalopram-compared-to-atypical-antipsychotics-on-agitation-in-nursing-home-residents-with-alzheimer-dementia
#18
Giovanni Viscogliosi, Iulia Maria Chiriac, Evaristo Ettorre
OBJECTIVE: To assess efficacy and safety of citalopram compared to quetiapine and olanzapine for the treatment of agitation in patients with Alzheimer disease (AD). DESIGN: Longitudinal, 6-month study. SETTING: Nursing home (NH). PARTICIPANTS: 75 NH residents with AD and agitation, randomized to citalopram (n = 25), quetiapine (n = 25), or olanzapine (n = 25). MEASUREMENTS: Changes in Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI) agitation subscale score and the modified Alzheimer Disease Cooperative Study-Clinical Global Impression of Change (mADCS-CGIC) were used to assess treatment efficacy...
July 21, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735173/detached-mindfulness-reduced-both-depression-and-anxiety-in-elderly-women-with-major-depressive-disorders
#19
Mohammad Ahmadpanah, Tayebe Akbari, Amineh Akhondi, Mohammad Haghighi, Leila Jahangard, Dena Sadeghi Bahmani, Hafez Bajoghli, Edith Holsboer-Trachsler, Serge Brand
We investigated the influence of detached mindfulness (DM) in treating symptoms of depression and anxiety among elderly women. Thirty-four elderly females (mean age: 69.23 years) suffering from moderate major depressive disorders (MDD) and treated with a standard medication (citalopram) at therapeutic doses were randomly assigned either to an intervention condition (DM; group treatment, twice weekly) or to a control condition (with leisure activities, twice weekly). At baseline (BL), four weeks later at study completion (SC), and four weeks after that at follow-up (FU), participants completed ratings for symptoms of depression and anxiety; experts blind to patients' group assignments rated patients' symptoms of depression...
July 15, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733820/biological-effects-of-citalopram-in-a-suspended-sediment-water-system-on-daphnia-magna
#20
Haohan Yang, Guanghua Lu, Zhenhua Yan, Jianchao Liu, Binni Ma, Huike Dong
Suspended sediment (SPS) plays an important role in the aquatic ecosystems. Selective serotonin uptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are commonly used antidepressants and are frequently detected in aquatic environments. However, the biological effects of SSRIs in the presence of SPS are not well understood. To fill this gap, an SPS-water system was constructed to investigate the effects of citalopram (CIT) on Daphnia magna in the presence of SPS with different concentrations (0.1, 0.5, 1 g l(-1)) and organic carbon contents (0...
July 21, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
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