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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779092/neurodynamic-evaluation-and-nerve-conduction-studies-in-patients-with-forward-head-posture
#1
Tugba Ozudogru Celik, Burcu Duyur Cakit, Baris Nacir, Hakan Genc, Mehmet Onat Cakit, Aynur Karagoz
Forward head posture (FHP) is one of the most frequently seen problems. The aim of this study was to evaluate the neurodynamic tests and peripheral nerve conductions of upper extremity in patients with FHP. The study population included 100 patients with upper extremity and neck problems and 34 healthy individuals as a control group. Craniovertebral angle measurement was used to determine forward head posture. Stretch tests for radial, ulnar and median nerves were performed. Nerve conductions of bilateral median, radial, ulnar and medial antebrachial cutaneous (MAC) nerves were examined in all patients included in the study...
May 19, 2018: Acta Neurologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779051/specificity-of-action-selection-modulates-the-perceived-temporal-order-of-action-and-sensory-events
#2
Andrea Desantis, Patrick Haggard, Yuji Ikegaya, Nobuhiro Hagura
The perceived temporal order of actions and changes in the environment is crucial for our inferences of causality. Sensory events presented shortly after an action are more likely considered as self-generated compared to the same events occurring before action execution. However, the estimation of when an action or a sensory change occurred is a challenge for the human brain. This estimation is formed from available sensory information combined with internal representations. Researchers suggested that internal signals associated with action preparation drive our awareness of initiating an action...
May 19, 2018: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779050/proprioceptive-loss-and-the-perception-control-and-learning-of-arm-movements-in-humans-evidence-from-sensory-neuronopathy
#3
R Chris Miall, Nick M Kitchen, Se-Ho Nam, Hannah Lefumat, Alix G Renault, Kristin Ørstavik, Jonathan D Cole, Fabrice R Sarlegna
It is uncertain how vision and proprioception contribute to adaptation of voluntary arm movements. In normal participants, adaptation to imposed forces is possible with or without vision, suggesting that proprioception is sufficient; in participants with proprioceptive loss (PL), adaptation is possible with visual feedback, suggesting that proprioception is unnecessary. In experiment 1 adaptation to, and retention of, perturbing forces were evaluated in three chronically deafferented participants. They made rapid reaching movements to move a cursor toward a visual target, and a planar robot arm applied orthogonal velocity-dependent forces...
May 19, 2018: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778983/changes-in-the-physiochemical-microbial-and-sensory-characteristics-of-fresh-pork-sausage-containing-rosemary-and-green-tea-extracts-during-retail-display
#4
M W Schilling, A J Pham, J B Williams, Y L Xiong, N Dhowlaghar, A C Tolentino, S Kin
The effects of adding combinations of rosemary (R: 1500, 2000, 2500 ppm) and green tea (G: 100, 200, 300 ppm) extracts in combination with synthetic antioxidants on the physiochemical, microbial, and sensory characteristics of fresh pork sausage were evaluated. R and G improved (P < .05) oxidative stability as evidenced by lower TBARS. R2500 and G300 had fewer PPC than the control at d 7, 14, and 21 of storage. Consumer acceptability scores were greater (P < .05) in sausages with R and G when compared to the control, and the majority of the R and G treatments were liked by 98% of the respondents...
May 17, 2018: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778979/exploring-the-relationship-between-stability-and-variability-of-the-centre-of-mass-and-centre-of-pressure
#5
Roshanth Rajachandrakumar, Jotvarinder Mann, Alison Schinkel-Ivy, Avril Mansfield
BACKGROUND: There are competing perspectives in the literature regarding the role of movement variability in quiet standing and balance control. Some view high variability as indicative of poor balance control and a contributor to increased fall risk, whereas others view variability as beneficial in providing sensory information that aids balance control. RESEARCH QUESTION: This study aimed to help to clarify the role of variability in balance control by testing two competing hypotheses: that increased variability would lead to instability, or that increased variability would improve stability, where stability is defined as the ability to respond to a perturbation...
May 9, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778971/infraclavicular-and-supraclavicular-approaches-to-brachial-plexus-for-ambulatory-elbow-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-observer-blinded-trial
#6
Shalini Dhir, Brigid Brown, Peter Mack, Yves Bureau, Janice Yu, Douglas Ross
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of supraclavicular and infraclavicular approaches to brachial plexus block for elbow surgery. DESIGN: Prospective, parallel arm, observer-blinded, randomized controlled trial. SETTING: This study occurred in a designated block room at St. Joseph's hospital, a large academic tertiary hospital in London, Canada. PATIENTS: 150 adult ASA class I-III patients undergoing elective ambulatory elbow surgery...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778970/bottom-up-and-top-down-modulation-of-multisensory-integration
#7
REVIEW
Ilsong Choi, Jae-Yun Lee, Seung-Hee Lee
Sensory perception in the real world requires proper integration of different modality inputs. Process of multisensory integration is not uniform. It varies from individual to individual and changes at different behavioral states of the animal. What factors affect multisensory integration? How does the mammalian brain reconstruct a multisensory world at different states? Here, we summarize recent findings on bottom-up and top-down factors that can modulate sensory processing and multisensory integration. We discuss cortical circuits that are responsible for modulation of multisensory processing based on recent rodent studies...
May 17, 2018: Current Opinion in Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778900/hereditary-sensory-neuropathy-type-1-associated-deoxysphingolipids-cause-neurotoxicity-acute-calcium-handling-abnormalities-and-mitochondrial-dysfunction-in-vitro
#8
Emma R Wilson, Umaiyal Kugathasan, Andrey Y Abramov, Alex J Clark, David L H Bennett, Mary M Reilly, Linda Greensmith, Bernadett Kalmar
Hereditary sensory neuropathy type 1 (HSN-1) is a peripheral neuropathy most frequently caused by mutations in the SPTLC1 or SPTLC2 genes, which code for two subunits of the enzyme serine palmitoyltransferase (SPT). SPT catalyzes the first step of de novo sphingolipid synthesis. Mutations in SPT result in a change in enzyme substrate specificity, which causes the production of atypical deoxysphinganine and deoxymethylsphinganine, rather than the normal enzyme product, sphinganine. Levels of these abnormal compounds are elevated in blood of HSN-1 patients and this is thought to cause the peripheral motor and sensory nerve damage that is characteristic of the disease, by a largely unresolved mechanism...
May 17, 2018: Neurobiology of Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778816/disneyization-a-framework-for-understanding-illicit-drug-use-in-bounded-play-spaces
#9
Tim Turner
BACKGROUND: This paper combines evidence from an ethnographic study of illicit drug use amongst tourists in Ibiza with Bryman's (2004) theoretical model of Disneyization. The principal aim was to construct a new conceptual framework that may help scholars, practitioners and policy makers make sense of dynamic patterns of illegal drug use across bounded play spaces such as tourist resorts, music festivals and nightclubs. METHODS: Ethnographic fieldwork employing a grounded theory design was undertaken over three summers in tourist locations on the Balearic island of Ibiza, including nightclubs, bars, cafes, beaches, airports and hotels...
May 17, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778784/food-choice-considerations-among-american-indians-living-in-rural-oklahoma-the-thrive-study
#10
Marianna S Wetherill, Mary B Williams, Micah L Hartwell, Alicia L Salvatore, Tvli Jacob, Tamela K Cannady, Joy Standridge, Jill Fox, Jennifer Spiegel, Natia Anderson, Valarie Blue Bird Jernigan
In rural American Indian (AI) communities, access to affordable, healthy foods is often limited. Understanding AI food choice considerations when selecting foods, such as sensory appeal, cost, or health, is an important yet understudied topic for eliminating persistent AI health disparities. In partnership with the Chickasaw Nation and Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma, we administered a modified version of the Food Choice Values (FCV) Questionnaire to a cross-sectional sample of 83 AI patrons shopping at tribally-owned convenience stores ≥3 times per week...
May 17, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778684/modeled-and-perceived-rf-emf-noise-and-air-pollution-and-symptoms-in-a-population-cohort-is-perception-key-in-predicting-symptoms
#11
Astrid L Martens, Marije Reedijk, Tjabe Smid, Anke Huss, Danielle Timmermans, Maciej Strak, Wim Swart, Virissa Lenters, Hans Kromhout, Robert Verheij, Pauline Slottje, Roel C H Vermeulen
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial research has shown that perceived exposure can influence symptom reporting, regardless of actual exposure. The impact of this phenomenon on the interpretation of results from epidemiological research on environmental determinants of symptoms is unclear. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to compare associations between modeled exposures, the perceived level of these exposures and reported symptoms (non-specific symptoms, sleep disturbances, and respiratory symptoms) for three different environmental exposures (radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMF), noise, and air pollution)...
May 17, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778523/local-immunomodulation-with-anti-inflammatory-cytokine-encoding-lentivirus-enhances-functional-recovery-after-spinal-cord-injury
#12
Jonghyuck Park, Joseph T Decker, Daniel J Margul, Dominique R Smith, Brian J Cummings, Aileen J Anderson, Lonnie D Shea
Trauma to the spinal cord and associated secondary inflammation can lead to permanent loss of sensory and motor function below the injury level, with the resulting environment serving as a barrier that limits regeneration. In this study, we investigate the localized expression of anti-inflammatory cytokines IL-10 and IL-4 via lentiviral transduction in multichannel bridges. Porous multichannel bridges provide physical guidance for axonal outgrowth with the cytokines hypothesized to modulate the neuroinflammatory microenvironment and enhance axonal regeneration...
April 27, 2018: Molecular Therapy: the Journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778471/influence-of-protein-content-and-storage-temperature-on-the-particle-morphology-and-flowability-characteristics-of-milk-protein-concentrate-powders
#13
Karthik Sajith Babu, Kaliramesh Siliveru, J K Amamcharla, Praveen V Vadlani, R P Kingsly Ambrose
Milk protein concentrate (MPC) powders are widely used as ingredients for food product formulations due to their nutritional profile and sensory attributes. Processing parameters, storage conditions, and composition influences the flow properties of MPC powders. This study investigated the bulk and shear flow properties of 70.3, 81.5, and 88.1% (wt/wt, protein content) MPC after storage for 12 wk at 25 and 40°C. Additionally, the morphological and functional changes of the MPC powders were investigated and correlated with flowability...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778441/hypoxic-postconditioning-enhances-functional-recovery-following-endothelin-1-induced-middle-cerebral-artery-occlusion-in-conscious-rats
#14
Hong L Nguyen, Alexander M Ruhoff, Thomas Fath, Nicole M Jones
Stroke is a leading cause of death and a major contributor to neurological disability in adults. Tissue plasminogen activator is the only approved treatment. However, due to its narrow therapeutic window, <5% of patients receive treatment. Recently, hypoxic postconditioning (HPC) was shown to reduce stroke induced-injury in mice, but the mechanisms and functional outcomes are still unknown. In the current study, male Sprague Dawley rats were subjected to endothelin-1 induced stroke. HPC (8% O2 , 1 h/d for 5d) or normoxia treatments were started 24 h after stroke...
May 17, 2018: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778301/behavioral-coping-plans-one-inter-professional-team-s-approach-to-patient-centered-care
#15
Katherine Wittling, Jessica Palumbo Dufur, Ashley McClain, Margaret Gettis
BACKGROUND: Surgical encounters for children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are stressful to patients, families and health care providers. It is recognized that parents best anticipate needs of children with ASD. Including a family in the plan of care for the child is imperative. In response to the need for targeted, tailored care, an inter-professional surgical services team convened to determine best practices for addressing a behavioral and developmental plan for children with ASD in the surgical services arena...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778005/impact-on-the-physical-and-sensory-properties-of-salt-and-fat-reduced-traditional-irish-breakfast-sausages-on-various-age-cohorts-acceptance
#16
Paula M Conroy, Maurice G O'Sullivan, Ruth M Hamill, Joseph P Kerry
The properties of varying salt and fat levels in traditional breakfast sausages were investigated. Sausages were produced with fat levels of: 30%, 20% and 15%. Fat was replaced with pea extract. Salt levels employed were: 2.5%, 1.1% and 0.0%. A reduced sodium salt which contains 45% less sodium than standard salt was used. Sensory analysis was conducted on consumers (n = 228): 18-40 yrs., 41-64 yrs. and 65-85 yrs. The 18-40 yr. olds preferred sausages containing 20% fat, 41-64 yr. olds preferred sausages with 15% fat, 65+ age group preferred sausages containing 30% fat...
May 2, 2018: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777741/effect-of-exposure-to-similar-flavours-in-sensory-specific-satiety-implications-for-eating-behaviour
#17
Ana González, Sergio Andrés Recio, Jesús Sánchez, Marta Gil, Isabel de Brugada
Sensory-specific satiety (SSS) refers to a decline in pleasantness of eaten foods in comparison to other non-ingested meals. Although SSS is specific to the eaten food, it can also generalize to other meals that share similar properties to the satiated food. It is possible that this phenomenon could become more specific after extensive experience, as repeated exposure to an assortment of similar food could cause perceptual learning (i.e. an increase in the distinctiveness of each specific item). This in turn would reduce generalization from the consumed food to other similar products, so they will be more readily consumed...
May 16, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777656/rapid-sex-steroid-effects-on-reproductive-responses-in-male-goldfish-sensory-and-motor-mechanisms
#18
REVIEW
Richmond R Thompson, Lisa A Mangiamele
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2018: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777363/high-level-production-of-single-chain-monellin-mutants-with-enhanced-sweetness-and-stability-in-tobacco-chloroplasts
#19
Daniela Castiglia, Serena Leone, Rachele Tamburino, Lorenza Sannino, Jole Fonderico, Chiara Melchiorre, Andrea Carpentieri, Stefania Grillo, Delia Picone, Nunzia Scotti
Plastid-based MNEI protein mutants retain the structure, stability and sweetness of their bacterial counterparts, confirming the attractiveness of the plastid transformation technology for high-yield production of recombinant proteins. The prevalence of obesity and diabetes has dramatically increased the industrial demand for the development and use of alternatives to sugar and traditional sweeteners. Sweet proteins, such as MNEI, a single chain derivative of monellin, are the most promising candidates for industrial applications...
May 18, 2018: Planta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777310/mechanical-sensitivity-and-psychological-factors-in-patients-with-burning-mouth-syndrome
#20
Mika Honda, Takashi Iida, Hirona Kamiyama, Manabu Masuda, Misao Kawara, Peter Svensson, Osamu Komiyama
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare mechanical sensitivity on the tongue using quantitative sensory testing (QST) and psychological factors using the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) between burning mouth syndrome (BMS) patients and healthy participants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants comprised 20 female BMS patients (68.1 ± 7.4 years) and 20 healthy females (65.4 ± 4.6 years). Psychological factors were evaluated with GHQ. Tactile detection thresholds (TDT) and filament-prick pain detection thresholds (FPT) were used to evaluate mechanical sensitivity on the tongue in all participants...
May 18, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
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