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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923812/primary-care-and-public-health-perspectives-on-integration-at-the-local-level-a-multi-state-study
#1
Rebekah Pratt, Beth Gyllstrom, Kim Gearin, David Hahn, Lisa VanRaemdonck, Kevin Peterson, Laura-Mae Baldwin
OBJECTIVE: The Institute of Medicine argues that the integration of primary care (PC) and public health (PH) is of paramount importance. We undertook this qualitative study to better understand how these collaborations function. DATA SOURCES: Investigators from PC and PH practice-based research networks in Colorado, Minnesota, Washington, and Wisconsin identified 40 key informants from the PH and PC fields within their respective states. STUDY DESIGN: The key informants participated in standardized, semistructured interviews...
September 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922038/a-mixed-methods-study-of-emotional-exhaustion-energizing-and-depleting-work-within-an-innovative-healthcare-team
#2
Cindy L Cain, Caitlin Taborda-Whitt, Monica Frazer, Sandra Schellinger, Katie M White, Jason Kaasovic, Brenda Nelson, Allison Chant
This mixed methods study documents emotional exhaustion experiences among care team members during the development of an innovative team approach for caring for adults with serious illness. A mixed methods study design was employed to examine depleting work experiences that may produce emotional exhaustion, and energizing aspects of the work that may increase meaningfulness of work, thus reducing emotional exhaustion. The population studied included team members involved in care for adults with serious illness (n = 18)...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919919/fun-is-more-fun-when-others-are-involved
#3
Harry T Reis, Stephanie D O'Keefe, Richard D Lane
Fun activities are commonly sought and highly desired yet their affective side has received little scrutiny. The present research investigated two features of fun in two daily diary studies and one laboratory experiment. First, we examined the affective state associated with fun experiences. Second, we investigated the social context of fun, considering whether shared fun is more enjoyable than solitary fun. Findings from these studies indicated that fun is associated with both high-activation and low-activation positive affects, and that it is enhanced when experienced with others (especially friends)...
2017: Journal of Positive Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893470/elucidation-of-antimicrobial-activity-and-mechanism-of-action-by-n-substituted-carbazole-derivatives
#4
Johannes D Clausen, Lasse Kjellerup, Karen O'Hanlon Cohrt, John Bondo Hansen, William Dalby-Brown, Anne-Marie L Winther
Compounds belonging to a carbazole series have been identified as potent fungal plasma membrane proton adenosine triphophatase (H(+)-ATPase) inhibitors with a broad spectrum of antifungal activity. The carbazole compounds inhibit the adenosine triphosphate (ATP) hydrolysis activity of the essential fungal H(+)-ATPase, thereby functionally inhibiting the extrusion of protons and extracellular acidification, processes that are responsible for maintaining high plasma membrane potential. The compound class binds to and inhibits the H(+)-ATPase within minutes, leading to fungal death after 1-3h of compound exposure in vitro...
September 1, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890689/integration-between-glycolysis-and-glutamate-glutamine-cycle-flux-may-explain-preferential-glycolytic-increase-during-brain-activation-requiring-glutamate
#5
REVIEW
Leif Hertz, Ye Chen
The 1988 observation by Fox et al. (1988) that brief intense brain activation increases glycolysis (pyruvate formation from glucose) much more than oxidative metabolism has been abundantly confirmed. Specifically glycolytic increase was unexpected because the amount of ATP it generates is much smaller than that formed by subsequent oxidative metabolism of pyruvate. The present article shows that preferential glycolysis can be explained by metabolic processes associated with activation of the glutamate-glutamine cycle...
2017: Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884734/-the-meteopathic-reactions-as-reflected-in-the-indicators-of-electropuncture-diagnostics-a-pilot-study
#6
A M Vasilenko, A L Rozanov, M M Sharipova, O G Chukaeva
The present article was designed to report the results of the electropuncture diagnostics (EPD) with the use of the 'Prognoz' electropunctural device obtained during the examination of 12 patients who experienced meteopathic reactions (MPR) during magnetic storms. The most frequently detected changes were deviations affecting the acupuncture channels (AC) of the heart, pericardium and triple energizer. The latter underwent the most pronounced deviation from the 'balanced condition'. In 2 cases out of the three (66,6%), its hypofunction was documented The pericardium channel was characterized by extreme asymmetry of its left and right branches...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877883/versatility-of-nacl-transport-mechanisms-in-the-cortical-collecting-duct
#7
Aurélie Edwards, Gilles Crambert
The cortical collecting duct (CCD) forms part of the aldosterone-sensitive distal nephron and plays an essential role in maintaining the NaCl balance and acid-base status. The CCD epithelium comprises principal cells as well as different types of intercalated cells. Until recently, transcellular Na+ transport was thought to be restricted to principal cells, while (acid-secreting) type A and (bicarbonate-secreting) type B intercalated cells were associated with the regulation of acid-base homeostasis. This review describes how this traditional view has been upended by several discoveries in the last decade...
September 6, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876308/the-need-to-promote-sexual-health-in-america-a-new-vision-for-public-health-action
#8
Jessie V Ford, Megan B Ivankovich, John M Douglas, Edward W Hook, Lynn Barclay, Joycelyn Elders, David Satcher, Eli Coleman
Sexual health is considered to be a state of wellness with physical, emotional, mental, and social dimensions. Sexual health can contribute to our overall well-being in each of these dimensions. However, despite the intrinsic importance and positive aspects of sexuality in our lives, the United States presently faces significant challenges related to the sexual health of its citizens, including human immunodeficiency virus, other sexually transmitted infections, viral hepatitis, unintended pregnancies, sexual violence, sexual dysfunction, and cancers in reproductive tracts with serious disparities among the populations affected...
June 28, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867646/the-mcu-complex-in-cell-death
#9
REVIEW
Elisa Penna, Javier Espino, Diego De Stefani, Rosario Rizzuto
During the 60s, the notion that positively charged Ca(2+) ions are rapidly accumulated in energized mitochondria has been first established. In the following decades, mitochondrial Ca(2+) homeostasis was shown to control cell metabolism, cell survival and other cell-specific functions through different mechanism. However, the molecular identity of the molecules controlling this process remained a mystery until just few years ago, when both mitochondrial Ca(2+) uptake and release systems were genetically dissected...
August 25, 2017: Cell Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856658/yeast-as-a-heterologous-system-to-functionally-characterize-a-multiple-rust-resistance-gene-that-encodes-a-hexose-transporter
#10
Ricky J Milne, Katherine E Dibley, Evans S Lagudah
Recently, the Lr67 resistance gene was identified as a hexose transporter variant which confers adult plant rust and mildew resistance in wheat. Methodologies used to characterize the protein encoded by Lr67 may be of use to non-transporter experts conducting similar experiments with other hexose transporters. Hence, in this chapter, we detail a protocol for the functional characterization of hexose transporter proteins in the Saccharomyces cerevisiae expression system. We also provide guidance on the use of metabolic inhibitors and competing sugars to probe transporter structural features, energization, and specificity...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854397/functions-of-abc-transporters-in-plant-growth-and-development
#11
REVIEW
Thanh Ha Thi Do, Enrico Martinoia, Youngsook Lee
ABC transporters are essential for plant development, playing roles in processes such as gametogenesis, seed development, seed germination, organ formation, and secondary growth. ABC transporters are directly energized by ATP and can transport complex organic materials against concentration gradients; thus, they are uniquely suited to provide the complex building blocks required for the development of specialized plant cells. We review recent progress in our understanding of the contribution ABC transporters make to the growth and development of plants, including their roles in protective layer formation and in transporting phytohormones...
August 27, 2017: Current Opinion in Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826978/a-review-of-the-physiological-effects-and-mechanisms-of-singing
#12
REVIEW
Jing Kang, Austin Scholp, Jack J Jiang
Daily experience suggests that singing can energize us and even provide a physical workout. A growing amount of evidence has been presented to support anecdotal claims of the benefits of singing on health and well-being. Singing has been shown to be related to numerous physiological changes. The cardiorespiratory system is utilized during persistent singing training, resulting in enhanced respiratory muscles and an optimized breathing mode. In addition, singing can also cause changes in neurotransmitters and hormones, including the upregulation of oxytocin, immunoglobulin A, and endorphins, which improves immune function and increases feelings of happiness...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815648/direct-uptake-of-hco3-in-the-marine-angiosperm-posidonia-oceanica-l-delile-driven-by-a-plasma-membrane-h-economy
#13
Lourdes Rubio, Delia García, María J García-Sánchez, F Xavier Niell, Hubert H Felle, José A Fernández
Seagrasses access HCO3(-) for photosynthesis by two mechanisms, apoplastic carbonic anhydrase-mediated dehydration of HCO3(-) to CO2 , and direct HCO3(-) uptake. Here we have studied plasma membrane energization and the mechanism for HCO3(-) import in Posidonia oceanica. Classical electrophysiology and ion selective microelectrodes were used to measure the membrane potential, cytosolic pH and the cytosolic concentrations of Na(+) and Cl(-) upon the addition of HCO3(-) . The photosynthetic response to HCO3(-) and to inhibitors was also measured...
August 16, 2017: Plant, Cell & Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810420/the-effects-of-power-and-stretch-yoga-on-affect-and-salivary-cortisol-in-women
#14
Molly Sullivan, Amanda Carberry, Elizabeth S Evans, Eric E Hall, Svetlana Nepocatych
Yoga practice is known to improve well-being and decrease stress. However, acute yoga is understudied. This study investigated the effects of two different types of yoga on affect and salivary cortisol levels in college women. Thirty-three women aged 18-30 years each completed 1-hour sessions of power yoga and stretch yoga. Measures of affect and salivary cortisol were assessed before, during, and after each session. Participants perceived power yoga to be more pleasurable and energizing. Salivary cortisol significantly decreased after both yoga sessions...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807225/differences-in-anti-inflammatory-effects-between-two-specifications-of-scutellariae-radix-in-lps-induced-macrophages-in-vitro
#15
Qian-Yu Chen, Chao-Qun Wang, Zhi-Wei Yang, Qi Tang, Huan-Ran Tan, Xuan Wang, Shao-Qing Cai
Scutellariae Radix (SR), the root of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi, is used as an antipyretic drug and has been demonstrated to have anti-inflammatory activity. SR is divided into two specifications, "Ku Qin" (KQ) and "Zi Qin" (ZQ), for use against different symptoms (upper energizer heat or lower portion of the triple energizer), according to the theory of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). However, differences in the efficacies of these two specifications have not been determined. In the present study, we aimed to characterize the differences in the anti-inflammatory activities between KQ and ZQ and to explore how their differences are manifested in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced macrophages...
July 2017: Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804379/identifying-important-factors-for-older-adults-physical-activity-participation-across-individual-group-structured-unstructured-contexts
#16
Katie L Beck, Lori E Weeks, William J Montelpare, Dany J MacDonald
Most Canadian older adults do not meet physical activity recommendations. Researchers have investigated participation barriers and facilitators, with little consideration given to how specific factors influence activity participation for older adults. The purpose of this study was to identify unique factors that influence older adults' activity selection and to determine in which type of setting they are preferred. Using a two-phase methodology, identification of 25 factors affecting participation was followed by 45 older adults ranking the factors within four categories of activities: individual unstructured, group unstructured, individual structured, and group structured...
September 2016: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738167/methylene-blue-improves-mitochondrial-respiration-and-decreases-oxidative-stress-in-a-substrate-dependent-manner-in-diabetic-rat-hearts
#17
Oana M Duicu, Andreea Privistirescu, Adrian Wolf, Alexandra Petrus, Maria D Dănilă, Corina Ratiu, Danina M Muntean, Adrian Sturza
Diabetic cardiomyopathy has been systematically associated with compromised mitochondrial energetics and increased generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) that underlie its progression to heart failure. Methylene blue is a redox-drug with reported protective effects mainly on brain mitochondria. The present study was purported to characterize the effects of acute administration of methylene blue on mitochondrial respiration, H2O2 production, and calcium sensitivity in rat heart mitochondria isolated from healthy and 2 months (streptozotocin-induced) diabetic rats...
July 24, 2017: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722147/surface-isoelectric-focusing-sief-with-carrier-ampholyte-ph-gradient
#18
Zhichao Wang, Cornelius Ivory, Adrienne R Minerick
Isoelectric focusing (IEF) is a powerful tool for amphoteric protein separations because of high sensitivity, bio-compatibility, and reduced complexity compared to chromatography or mechanical separation techniques. IEF miniaturization is attractive because it enables rapid analysis, easier adaptation to point of care applications, and smaller sample demands. However, existing small-scale IEF tools have not yet been able to analyze single protein spots from array libraries, which are ubiquitous in many pharmaceutical discovery and screening protocols...
July 19, 2017: Electrophoresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716463/combination-strategies-on-the-basis-of-immune-checkpoint-inhibitors-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-where-do-we-stand
#19
REVIEW
Meng Qiao, Tao Jiang, Shengxiang Ren, Caicun Zhou
The era of immune checkpoint inhibitors, especially programmed death-1 (PD-1)/programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1) antibodies in the treatment of advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is coming. Because of the lack of the definite biomarkers to select the optimal responders, only approximately 20% of patients with advanced NSCLC would respond to single checkpoint inhibitors-based immunotherapy. Moreover, primary or acquired resistance to conventional therapies is inevitable in most cases. Thus, combinations are pushed to move forward to be an alternative strategy and surely, it would be a future direction...
June 23, 2017: Clinical Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698776/the-sleeping-brain
#20
Chiara Cirelli, Giulio Tononi
The role of sleep has long baffled scientists, but the latest research is providing new indicators about what it does for both the brain and body. While scientists believe that sleep re-energizes the body's cells, clears waste from the brain, and supports learning and memory, much still needs to be learned about the part it plays in regulating mood, appetite and libido. Source/Shutterstock.
May 2017: Cerebrum: the Dana Forum on Brain Science
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