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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043688/-correlation-between-prenatal-ultrasound-and-postnatal-diagnosis-of-birth-defects
#1
F J Murcia Pascual, L Delgado Cotán, V Jiménez Crespo, F Vázquez Rueda, E Rodríguez Cano, M Miño Mora, R M Paredes Esteban
OBJECTIVES: To assess the accuracy of prenatal ultrasound diagnosis and to analyze the protocol applied for congenital defects (CD) in our environment. METHODS: Descriptive study of prenatally diagnosed CD in our area between 2004-2013. Includes: total births, fetal medicine referrals (number of consultations, ultrasound, invasive techniques) anatomical and chromosomal abnormalities, confirmed diagnoses, necropsies performed, false diagnoses, absence of prenatal diagnoses, and number and reasons for abortions (VIEs)...
July 20, 2017: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043557/a-joint-procedural-position-statement-on-imaging-in-cardiac-sarcoidosis-from-the-cardiovascular-and-inflammation-infection-committees-of-the-european-association-of-nuclear-medicine-the-european-association-of-cardiovascular-imaging-and-the-american-society
#2
Riemer H J A Slart, Andor W J M Glaudemans, Patrizio Lancellotti, Fabien Hyafil, Ron Blankstein, Ronald G Schwartz, Wael A Jaber, Raymond Russell, Alessia Gimelli, François Rouzet, Marcus Hacker, Olivier Gheysens, Sven Plein, Edward J Miller, Sharmila Dorbala, Erwan Donal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 17, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040454/to-fly-as-a-pilot-after-cardiac-surgery
#3
Thomas Syburra, Ed Nicol, Stuart Mitchell, Denis Bron, Ulrich Rosendahl, John Pepper
Aircrew are responsible for safe and reliable aircraft operations. Cardiovascular disease accounts for 50% of all pilot licences declined or withdrawn for medical reasons in Western Europe and is the most common cases of sudden incapacitation in flight. Aircrew retirement age is increasing (up to age 65) in a growing number of airlines and the burden of subclinical, but potentially significant, coronary atherosclerosis is unknown in qualified pilots above age 40. Safety considerations are paramount in aviation medicine, and the most dreaded cardiovascular complications are thromboembolic events and rhythm disturbances due to their potential for sudden incapacitation...
October 13, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039548/-corrigendum-farnesoid-x-receptor-deletion-improves-cardiac-function-structure-and-remodeling-following-myocardial-infarction-in-mice
#4
Jianshu Gao, Xiaoqiang Liu, Bingjian Wang, Haiyan Xu, Qiang Xia, Tianfei Lu, Fang Wang
Following the publication of this article, an interested reader drew to our attention that we had incorrectly reported (in the Materials and methods section, 'Western blot analysis', on p. 674) that the anti-farnesoid X receptor (FXR) antibody of Cell Signalling Technology, Inc., cat. no. #12295, had been used in this study to probe for FXR. In fact, the antibodies used in the above-mentioned study were a gift from the group of Dr Xin-Liang Ma at Thomas Jefferson University (Philadelphia, PA, USA), as referenced in the following article: [Pul J, Yuan A, Shan P, Gao E, Wang X, Wang Y, Lau WB, Koch W, Xin-Ma XL and He B: Cardiomyocyte-expressed farnesoid-X-receptor is a novel apoptosis mediator and contributes to myocardial ischaemia/reperfusion injury...
October 3, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038172/precision-medicine-for-cardiac-resynchronization-predicting-quality-of-life-benefits-for-individual-patients-an-analysis-from-5-clinical-trials
#5
Michael E Nassif, Yuanyuan Tang, John G Cleland, William T Abraham, Cecilia Linde, Michael R Gold, James B Young, J Claude Daubert, Lou Sherfesee, Dan Schaber, Anthony S L Tang, Philip G Jones, Suzanne V Arnold, John A Spertus
BACKGROUND: Clinical trials have established the average benefit of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT), but estimating benefit for individual patients remains difficult because of the heterogeneity in treatment response. Accordingly, we created a multivariable model to predict changes in quality of life (QoL) with and without CRT. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patient-level data from 5 randomized trials comparing CRT with no CRT were used to create a prediction model of change in QoL at 3 months using a partial proportional odds model for no change, small, moderate, and large improvement, or deterioration of any magnitude...
October 2017: Circulation. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037831/a-complex-case-of-pacemaker-lead-endocarditis
#6
Henrique Guedes, Adriana Pereira, Rui Pontes Dos Santos, Leonor Marques, Nuno Moreno, Alexandra Castro, Rui Cunha E Sousa, Aurora Andrade, Paula Pinto
Pacemaker lead endocarditis is an uncommon complication after pacemaker implantation, but is associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality. The authors describe the case of a 68-year-old woman with a double-chamber pacemaker since 2007, admitted to an internal medicine department for spondylodiscitis and Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia. During hospitalization, she had an episode of syncope; the 12-lead electrocardiogram showed pacemaker malfunction with ventricular undersensing and loss of capture...
October 13, 2017: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037256/effects-of-timing-on-intracoronary-autologous-bone-marrow-derived-cell-transplantation-in-acute-myocardial-infarction-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#7
Jia-Ying Xu, Dai Liu, Yang Zhong, Rong-Chong Huang
BACKGROUND: Several cell-based therapies for adjunctive treatment of acute myocardial infarction have been investigated in multiple clinical trials, but the timing of transplantation remains controversial. We conducted a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials to investigate the effects of timing on bone marrow-derived cell (BMC) therapy in acute myocardial infarction (AMI). METHODS: A systematic literature search of PubMed, MEDLINE, and Cochrane Evidence-Based Medicine databases from January 2000 to June 2017 was performed on randomized controlled trials with at least a 3-month follow-up for patients with AMI undergoing emergency percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and receiving intracoronary BMC transfer thereafter...
October 16, 2017: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025110/effect-of-continuous-local-anesthetic-in-post-cardiac-surgery-patients-a-systematic-review
#8
Serena S Hong, Maree A Milross, Jennifer A Alison
Objective: The purpose of this review was to determine the effect of CLA infusion post cardiac surgery on pain, time to ambulation, severe adverse events, patient satisfaction, time to extubation, length of stay in the intensive care unit and in the hospital, total narcotic consumption, and pulmonary function. Design: Systematic review with meta-analysis (PROSPERO CRD42014010188). Methods: We searched the following electronic databases: the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL); MEDLINE; EMBASE; CINAHL; Allied and Complementary Medicine (AMED); and PsycINFO; as well as hand-searching cardiothoracic surgery and anesthetic journals and meeting abstracts...
August 16, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024485/placenta-derived-adherent-stromal-cells-improve-diabetes-mellitus-associated-left-ventricular-diastolic-performance
#9
Sophie Van Linthout, Nazha Hamdani, Kapka Miteva, Annika Koschel, Irene Müller, Lena Pinzur, Zami Aberman, Kathleen Pappritz, Wolfgang Albrecht Linke, Carsten Tschöpe
Left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction is among others attributed to cardiomyocyte stiffness. Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) have cardiac-protective properties. We explored whether intravenous (i.v.) application of PLacenta-eXpanded (PLX) MSC-like cells (PLX) improves LV diastolic relaxation in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic mice and investigated underlying mechanisms. Diabetes mellitus was induced by STZ application (50 mg/kg body weight) during five subsequent days. One week after the first STZ injection, PLX or saline were i...
October 10, 2017: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023259/personal-and-professional-characteristics-of-u-s-dual-boarded-critical-care-cardiologists-in-2015
#10
Daniel M Blumenthal, Bassem Mikhael, Patrick R Lawler, Robert W Yeh, Joshua P Metlay, David M Dudzinski
OBJECTIVES: Evaluate the characteristics of U.S. physicians who are board certified in cardiology and critical care medicine ("dual-boarded cardiologists"). DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional study using a comprehensive database of licensed U.S. physicians linked to Medicare claims. SETTING: The United States. SUBJECTS: Dual-boarded cardiologists. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: We used a comprehensive physician database to identify all physicians who were board certified in cardiology and critical care medicine before July 2015...
October 11, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022989/prophylactic-intravenous-calcium-therapy-for-exchange-blood-transfusion-in-the-newborn
#11
REVIEW
Tinuade A Ogunlesi, Foluso Ea Lesi, Olabisi Oduwole
BACKGROUND: Exchange blood transfusion (EBT) is a form of whole blood transfusion in which the total blood volume is replaced within a few hours. In perinatal and neonatal medicine, EBT is most often used in the management of severe anaemia or severe hyperbilirubinaemia in the first week of life. Hypocalcaemia, one of the common morbidities associated with EBT, is thought to arise from the chelating effects of the citrate commonly used as an anticoagulant in the donor's blood. This disorder manifests with muscular and nervous irritability and cardiac arrhythmias...
October 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017565/safety-and-efficacy-of-qishen-granules-in-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Jinping Wang, Jun Shi, Jiawei Wei, Juan Wang, Kuo Gao, Xueli Li, Jianxin Chen, Shaojing Li, Huihui Zhao, Wei Wang
BACKGROUND: Chronic heart failure (CHF), the final stage of various cardiovascular diseases, is a major public health problem resulting in significant hospitalization rates, mortality, and huge health care costs despite advances in the treatment and management of heart failure and heart failure-related risk factors. Qishen granules (QSG), a Chinese herbal formula, is widely used by traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) practitioners to treat CHF. Several animal experimental studies have showed that QSG can significantly relieve the heart failure symptoms in CHF rat models...
October 10, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994486/mitigation-of-near-band-balanced-steady-state-free-precession-through-plane-flow-artifacts-using-partial-dephasing
#13
Anjali Datta, Joseph Y Cheng, Brian A Hargreaves, Corey A Baron, Dwight G Nishimura
PURPOSE: To mitigate artifacts from through-plane flow at the locations of steady-state stopbands in balanced steady-state free precession (SSFP) using partial dephasing. METHODS: A 60° range in the phase accrual during a TR was created over the voxel by slightly unbalancing the slice-select dephaser. The spectral profiles of SSFP with partial dephasing for various constant flow rates and during pulsatile flow were simulated to determine if partial dephasing decreases through-plane flow artifacts originating near SSFP dark bands while maintaining on-resonant signal...
October 10, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993991/pocus-in-perioperative-medicine-a-north-american-perspective
#14
Lorenzo De Marchi, Massimiliano Meineri
Ultrasound (US) performed at the point of care has found fertile ground in perioperative medicine. In the hands of anesthesiologists, transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) has become established as a powerful diagnostic and monitoring tool in the perioperative care of cardiac and non-cardiac patients. A number of point-of-care US (POCUS) applications are relevant to perioperative care, including airway, cardiac, lung and gastric US. Although guidelines exist to define the scope of practice for basic and advanced TEE, there remains a lack of such guidelines for perioperative point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS), despite a number of recent calls for action in the academic anesthesia community...
October 9, 2017: Critical Ultrasound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992906/renal-amyloidosis-associated-with-kartagener-syndrome-in-a-dog
#15
Bartolo Celona, Chiara Crinò, Carmelo Bruno, Simona Di Pietro, Elisabetta Giudice
A 4-year-old cocker spaniel, male, of 12kg body weight was presented because of the onset of polyuria or polydipsia. From the first months of its life, the dog had exhibited constant serous to mucopurulent nasal discharge, productive cough, sneezing, reverse sneezing, otitis, and recurrent episodes of fever. The respiratory signs had been treated several times with antibiotics, without ever achieving a complete resolution. Clinical examination revealed normal rectal temperature (38.3°C), increased respiratory rate (40breaths/min), a copious mucous nasal discharge and right deviation of the heart apex beat (ictus cordis)...
June 2017: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992471/parkia-speciosa-empty-pod-prevents-hypertension-and-cardiac-damage-in-rats-given-n-g-nitro-l-arginine-methyl-ester
#16
Yusof Kamisah, Japar Sidik Fadhlullah Zuhair, Abdul Hamid Juliana, Kamsiah Jaarin
Parkia speciosa Hassk is a plant found abundantly in Southeast Asia region. Its seeds with or without pods and roots have been used in traditional medicine in this region to treat hypertension. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the potential effect of the plant empty pod extract on hypertension development and changes in heart induced by N(G)-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester (l-NAME) administration in rats. Twenty-four male Sprague Dawley rats were divided into four groups. Groups 1 to 3 were given l-NAME (25mg/kg, intraperitoneally) for 8 weeks...
October 6, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990942/-herbal-supplement-usage-in-cardiac-patients
#17
Neslihan Pınar, Meyli Topaloğlu, Cahit Özer, Harun Alp
OBJECTIVE: Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has become more and more widespread around the world. CAM is a broad term that refers to all medical healthcare services, methods, and practices that are not part of standard medical care, as well as the accompanying theories and beliefs. The aim of the present study was to investigate the use of herbal medicinal products in cardiac patients, as well as the methods of administration of the products. METHODS: This descriptive cross-sectional study included 199 patients aged over 18 years who were hospitalized in the Defne Hospital department of cardiology and volunteered to participate in a 20-item survey between April 2016 and June 2016...
October 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987271/co-independent-modification-of-k-channels-by-tricarbonyldichlororuthenium-ii-dimer-corm-2
#18
Guido Gessner, Nirakar Sahoo, Sandip M Swain, Gianna Hirth, Roland Schönherr, Ralf Mede, Matthias Westerhausen, Hans Henning Brewitz, Pascal Heimer, Diana Imhof, Toshinori Hoshi, Stefan H Heinemann
Although toxic when inhaled in high concentrations, the gas carbon monoxide (CO) is endogenously produced in mammals, and various beneficial effects are reported. For potential medicinal applications and studying the molecular processes underlying the pharmacological action of CO, so-called CO-releasing molecules (CORMs), such as tricabonyldichlororuthenium(II) dimer (CORM-2), have been developed and widely used. Yet, it is not readily discriminated whether an observed effect of a CORM is caused by the released CO gas, the CORM itself, or any of its intermediate or final breakdown products...
October 5, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986814/effect-of-shen-fu-injection-on-hemodynamics-in-early-volume-resuscitation-treated-septic-shock-patients
#19
Kai-Liang Fan, Jun-Hui Wang, Li Kong, Fei-Hu Zhang, Hao Hao, Hao Zhao, Zheng-Yun Tian, Ming-Xin Yin, Hua Fang, Hui-Hui Yang, Yang Liu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the hemodynamic effect of Shen-Fu Injection (, SFI) in early volume resuscitation treated septic shock patients by monitoring pulse indicator continuous cardiac output (PICCO). METHODS: All septic shock patients admitted in the Intensive Care Unit of the Affiliated Hospital of Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine from January 1st, 2014 to December 31th, 2015, were reviewed, and totally 65 were enrolled in this study. They were assigned to SFI group (33 cases) and control group (32 cases)...
October 6, 2017: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985729/a-novel-bedside-cardiopulmonary-physical-diagnosis-curriculum-for-internal-medicine-postgraduate-training
#20
Brian Thomas Garibaldi, Timothy Niessen, Allan Charles Gelber, Bennett Clark, Yizhen Lee, Jose Alejandro Madrazo, Reza Sedighi Manesh, Ariella Apfel, Brandyn D Lau, Gigi Liu, Jenna VanLiere Canzoniero, C John Sperati, Hsin-Chieh Yeh, Daniel J Brotman, Thomas A Traill, Danelle Cayea, Samuel C Durso, Rosalyn W Stewart, Mary C Corretti, Edward K Kasper, Sanjay V Desai
BACKGROUND: Physicians spend less time at the bedside in the modern hospital setting which has contributed to a decline in physical diagnosis, and in particular, cardiopulmonary examination skills. This trend may be a source of diagnostic error and threatens to erode the patient-physician relationship. We created a new bedside cardiopulmonary physical diagnosis curriculum and assessed its effects on post-graduate year-1 (PGY-1; interns) attitudes, confidence and skill. METHODS: One hundred five internal medicine interns in a large U...
October 6, 2017: BMC Medical Education
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