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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202005/impact-of-gut-hormone-fgf-19-on-type-2-diabetes-and-mitochondrial-recovery-in-a-prospective-study-of-obese-diabetic-women-undergoing-bariatric-surgery
#1
Lucia Martinez de la Escalera, Ioannis Kyrou, Jana Vrbikova, Voitech Hainer, Petra Sramkova, Martin Fried, Milan K Piya, Sudhesh Kumar, Gyanendra Tripathi, Philip G McTernan
BACKGROUND: The ileal-derived hormone, fibroblast growth factor 19 (FGF-19), may promote weight loss and facilitate type-2 diabetes mellitus remission in bariatric surgical patients. We investigated the effect of different bariatric procedures on circulating FGF-19 levels and the resulting impact on mitochondrial health in white adipose tissue (AT). METHODS: Obese and type-2 diabetic women (n = 39, BMI > 35 kg/m(2)) undergoing either biliopancreatic diversion (BPD), laparoscopic greater curvature plication (LGCP), or laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) participated in this ethics approved study...
February 16, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190631/severe-esophageal-dilation-causing-central-airway-obstruction-a-rare-complication-of-lagb
#2
Michael R Freund, Ram M Spira, Petachia Reissman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 19, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181141/does-post-operative-psychotherapy-contribute-to-improved-comorbidities-in-bariatric-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder-traits-and-bulimia-tendencies-a-prospective-study
#3
Francesca Gallé, Pietro Maida, Assunta Cirella, Elena Giuliano, Patrizia Belfiore, Giorgio Liguori
BACKGROUND: Borderline personality disorder (BPD) and eating disorders may affect the outcomes of bariatric surgery. This study was aimed to evaluate the influence of a post-operative dialectical behavioral therapy (DBT) intervention on weight loss and comorbidities in a sample of comorbid obese Italian patients with BPD traits and bulimia tendencies who underwent laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) and laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB). METHODS: One hundred fifty-four LRYGB or LAGB patients showing BPD and bulimia traits and type II diabetes, hypertension, and/or sleep apnea (OSAS) voluntarily adhered to DBT (n = 72) or treatment as usual (n = 82) for 12 months after surgery...
February 8, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159564/impact-of-initial-response-of-laparoscopic-adjustable-gastric-banding-on-outcomes-of-revisional-laparoscopic-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-for-morbid-obesity
#4
Leontine H Wijngaarden, Frederik H W Jonker, Jan W van den Berg, Charles C van Rossem, Erwin van der Harst, René A Klaassen
BACKGROUND: Failed laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) can be converted to laparoscopic Roux-and-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB), which is currently the gold standard for bariatric surgery. Revisional LRYGB (rLRYGB) is associated with inferior results compared with primary LRYGB (pLRYGB), but the exact influence of the initial response to LAGB is unclear. OBJECTIVES: To compare follow-up outcomes after pLRYGB with rLRYGB in nonresponders of LAGB and rLRYGB in responders of LAGB...
December 5, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159559/blunting-of-adaptive-thermogenesis-as-a-potential-additional-mechanism-to-promote-weight-loss-after-gastric-bypass
#5
Matthew G Browning, Charlotte Rabl, Guilherme M Campos
BACKGROUND: Adaptive thermogenesis (AT) is described as a change in resting metabolic rate (RMR) that is greater than would be predicted from changes in lean body mass (LBM) and fat mass (FM) alone during periods of energy imbalance. Whereas an AT-related downregulation of RMR has been implicated in suboptimal weight loss and weight regain after nonsurgical weight loss, defense against AT may underpin the durable weight loss after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) and other bariatric surgeries...
November 21, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141557/laparoscopic-adjustable-gastric-band-lagb-migration-endoscopic-treatment-modalities
#6
Tomasz Klimczak, Tomasz Szewczyk, Przemysław Janczak, Piotr Jurałowicz
: Laparoscopic adjustible gastric binding (LAGB) is one of most common surgical methods of treating obesity. Gastric band migration (erosion) is a typical LAGB complication, with a frequency of about 1-4%. The aim of the study was to present the possibilities of endoscopic diagnosis and treatment of this complication. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was carried out in the Department of Gastroenterological, Oncological and General Surgery in Łódź. Between 2008 and 2015, 450 gastric bands were implanted using the laparoscopic technique in 318 (71%) women and 132 (29%) men...
December 1, 2016: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124235/patients-preoperative-estimate-of-target-weight-and-actual-outcome-after-bariatric-surgery
#7
Stephanie C W Aelfers, Wendy Schijns, Nadine Ploeger, Ignace M C Janssen, Frits J Berends, Edo O Aarts
BACKGROUND: Evidence about the impact of psychological factors on weight loss after bariatric surgery is scarce. This study explores whether patients' preoperative estimate of target weight influences actual weight loss for different types of bariatric procedures. METHODS: Patients eligible for bariatric surgery were instructed twice on how to calculate their expected target weight. They were divided into three groups based on their percentage excess weight loss (%EWL) and percentage total body weight loss (%TBWL)...
January 25, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119531/changes-in-glycemia-insulin-and-gut-hormone-responses-to-a-slowly-ingested-solid-low-carbohydrate-mixed-meal-after-laparoscopic-gastric-bypass-or-band-surgery
#8
J C Bunt, R Blackstone, M S Thearle, K L Vinales, S Votruba, J Krakoff
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate early changes in glycemia, insulin physiology and gut hormone responses to an easily tolerated and slowly ingested solid, low-carbohydrate mixed meal (MMT) following adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) or Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery. SUBJECTS/METHODS: This was a prospective non-randomized study. Plasma glucose, insulin and c-peptide (to estimate hepatic insulin extraction; %HIE), incretins (GIP, aGLP-1) and pancreatic polypeptide (PP) responses to the MMT were measured at 4-8 weeks before and after surgery in obese, metabolically healthy patients (RYGB=10F or LAGB=7F/1M)...
January 25, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108969/long-term-outcomes-of-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-conversion-of-failed-laparoscopic-gastric-band
#9
Hanaa N Dakour Aridi, Mohammad-Rachad Wehbe, Ghassan Shamseddine, Ramzi S Alami, Bassem Y Safadi
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic adjustable gastric band (LAGB) carries a high rate of failure and reoperation. Laparoscopic conversion of failed LAGB to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) has been shown to be safe and feasible, but long-term follow-up data is still limited. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of RYGB after failed LAGB in our patient population. SETTING: The setting was the University Hospital, Beirut, Lebanon...
January 20, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078643/anthropometric-assessment-for-bariatric-procedures-in-the-private-practice-of-a-registered-dietitian-in-colombia
#10
Claudia Carvajal, Patricia Savino, Andrea Ramirez, Martha Grajales, Ricardo Nassar, Natan Zundel
BACKGROUND: Obesity and its consequences have now reached worldwide pandemic proportions. Among treatments, bariatric interventions are the most effective for weight reduction. Here, we describe the change in anthropometric measurements (AMs) of 615 adult bariatric procedure patients seen in the private practice of a registered dietitian (RD) in Bogotá, Colombia. METHODS: Observational retrospective study of AMs recorded between 1996 and 2013 for patients who had laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG, n = 290), laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB, n = 207), and laparoscopic Roux-EN-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB, n = 36) or the non-surgical gastric balloon (GB, n = 82) procedure...
January 11, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011892/adipose-type-i-interferon-signalling-protects-against-metabolic-dysfunction
#11
Verena Wieser, Timon Erik Adolph, Christoph Grander, Felix Grabherr, Barbara Enrich, Patrizia Moser, Alexander Rupert Moschen, Susanne Kaser, Herbert Tilg
OBJECTIVE: Low-grade chronic inflammation emerges as a potent driver of insulin resistance and glucose dysregulation in obesity and associated non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The liver, subcutaneous fat and the immune system participate in disturbances of metabolism. Type I interferon (IFN) signalling initiated by innate and adaptive immunity modulates inflammatory responses consequent to infection. However, little is known about the role of type I IFN signalling in metabolic diseases and the development of NAFLD...
December 23, 2016: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008162/endoscopic-approach-for-major-complications-of-bariatric-surgery
#12
Moon Kyung Joo
As lifestyle and diet patterns have become westernized in East Asia, the prevalence of obesity has rapidly increased. Bariatric surgeries, such as Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), sleeve gastrectomy (SG), and laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB), are considered the first-line treatment option in patients with severe obesity. However, postoperative complications have increased and the proper management of these complications, including the use of endoscopic procedures, has become important. The most serious complications, such as leaks and fistulas, can be treated with endoscopic stent placement and injection of fibrin glue, and a novel full-thickness closure over-the-scope clip (OTSC) has been used for treatment of postoperative leaks...
January 2017: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000089/the-peri-operative-bariatric-surgery-care-in-the-middle-east-region
#13
Abdelrahman Nimeri, Mohammed Al Hadad, Mousa Khoursheed, Ahmed Maasher, Aayed Al Qahtani, Talat Al Shaban, Hayssam Fawal, Bassem Safadi, Amer Alderazi, Emad Abdalla, Ahmad Bashir
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery is common in the Middle East region. However, regional accreditation bodies and guidelines are lacking. We present the current peri-operative practice of bariatric surgery in the Middle East region. SETTING: Public and private practice in the Middle East region. METHODS: A questionnaire was designed to study trends of peri-operative care in bariatric surgery. It was sent to members of the Pan Arab Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery (PASMBS)...
December 20, 2016: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999001/glucose-metabolism-after-gastric-banding-and-gastric-bypass-in-individuals-with-type-2-diabetes-weight-loss-effect
#14
Marlena M Holter, Roxanne Dutia, Sarah M Stano, Ronald L Prigeon, Peter Homel, James J McGinty, Scott J Belsley, Christine J Ren, Daniel Rosen, Blandine Laferrère
OBJECTIVE: The superior effect of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) on glucose control compared with laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) is confounded by the greater weight loss after RYGB. We therefore examined the effect of these two surgeries on metabolic parameters matched on small and large amounts of weight loss. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Severely obese individuals with type 2 diabetes were tested for glucose metabolism, β-cell function, and insulin sensitivity after oral and intravenous glucose stimuli, before and 1 year after RYGB and LAGB, and at 10% and 20% weight loss after each surgery...
January 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995516/roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-versus-sleeve-gastrectomy-as-revisional-procedures-after-adjustable-gastric-band-5-year-outcomes
#15
Luigi Angrisani, Antonio Vitiello, Antonella Santonicola, Ariola Hasani, Maurizio De Luca, Paola Iovino
INTRODUCTION: In 2013, a worldwide bariatric surgery survey showed that laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) has been abandoned in favor of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) and laparoscopic Roux-en-y gastric bypass (LRYGBP). PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare results of LRYGBP and LSG performed as a revisional procedure after LAGB. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients converted from LAGB to LSG or to LRYGBP from January 2007 to December 2011 were included in the study...
December 19, 2016: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986588/circulating-apolipoprotein-a-iv-presurgical-levels-are-associated-with-improvement-in-insulin-sensitivity-after-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-surgery
#16
Raghavendra Rao, Alexander Roche, Gerardo Febres, Marc Bessler, Patrick Tso, Judith Korner
BACKGROUND: Apolipoprotein A-IV (ApoA-IV) has been shown to be involved in obesity and diabetes pathogenesis in animal studies, but its role in humans is uncertain. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to determine the relation of ApoA-IV with changes in glucose metabolism and weight after bariatric surgery. SETTING: University Hospital. METHODS: The patients (n = 49) included lean controls (n = 8) and patients before and after a mean of 7 months after laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB, n = 12), laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB, n = 22), or laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (SG, n = 11)...
October 26, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27951535/insulin-sensitivity-and-secretion-in-obese-type-2-diabetic-women-after-various-bariatric-operations
#17
Jana Vrbikova, Marie Kunesova, Ioannis Kyrou, Andrea Tura, Martin Hill, Tereza Grimmichova, Katerina Dvorakova, Petra Sramkova, Karin Dolezalova, Olga Lischkova, Josef Vcelak, Vojtech Hainer, Bela Bendlova, Sudhesh Kumar, Martin Fried
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of biliopancreatic diversion (BPD) and laparoscopic gastric banding (LAGB) on insulin sensitivity and secretion with the effects of laparoscopic gastric plication (P). METHODS: A total of 52 obese women (age 30-66 years) suffering from type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) were prospectively recruited into three study groups: 16 BPD; 16 LAGB, and 20 P. Euglycemic clamps and mixed meal tolerance tests were performed before, at 1 month and at 6 months after bariatric surgery...
2016: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903129/a-one-step-conversion-from-gastric-banding-to-laparoscopic-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-is-as-safe-as-a-two-step-conversion-a-comparative-analysis-of-885-patients
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Isabelle Debergh, Barbara Defoort, Marieke De Visschere, Silke Flahou, Sebastiaan Van Cauwenberge, Jan P Mulier, Bruno Dillemans
AIMS: To achieve additional weight loss or to resolve band-related problems, a laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) can be converted to a laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). There is limited data on the feasibility and safety of routinely performing a single-step conversion. We assessed the efficacy of this revisional approach in a large cohort of patients operated in a high-volume bariatric institution. METHODS: Between October 2004 and December 2015, a total of 885 patients who underwent LAGB removal with RYGB were identified from a prospectively collected database...
October 2016: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898356/management-of-a-jejunal-obstruction-caused-by-the-migration-of-a-laparoscopic-adjustable-gastric-banding-a-case-report
#19
Julien Lemaire, Olivier Dewit, Benoît Navez
INTRODUCTION: We present a rare case of jejunal obstruction due to the migration of a laparoscopic adjustable gastric band (LAGB) that occurred 10 years after surgery and was successfully treated by laparoscopy. This report is compliant with the SCARE guidelines. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 42-year-old woman who underwent LAGB for morbid obesity 10 years ago was admitted with a small bowel obstruction due to the migration of a LAGB in the proximal small bowel. An attempt to endoscopic removal was unsuccessful and resulted in a laparoscopic extraction of the band...
November 19, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885536/safety-and-outcome-of-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-following-removal-of-adjustable-gastric-banding-lessons-from-109-patients-in-a-single-center-and-review-of-the-literature
#20
Niv Pencovich, Guy Lahat, Orit Goldray, Subhi Abu-Abeid, Joseph M Klausner, Shai Meron Eldar
BACKGROUND: Although considered a common bariatric procedure, laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) is associated with high rates of weight loss failure and long-term complications. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to re-assess the safety and outcome of conversion of failed LAGB to laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and nine patients underwent conversion from LAGB to LSG (78 females, mean age 43 ± 11...
November 24, 2016: Obesity Surgery
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