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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912463/physical-activity-is-prospectively-associated-with-spinal-pain-in-children-champs-study-dk
#1
Claudia Franz, Niels Christian Møller, Lars Korsholm, Eva Jespersen, Jeffrey J Hebert, Niels Wedderkopp
Spinal pain and physical inactivity are critical public health issues. We investigated the prospective associations of physical activity intensity with spinal pain in children. Physical activity was quantified with accelerometry in a cohort of primary school students. Over 19 months, parents of primary school students reported children's spinal pain status each week via text-messaging (self-reported spinal pain). Spinal pain reports were followed-up by trained clinicians who diagnosed each child's complaint and classified the pain as non-traumatic or traumatic...
September 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912120/profiling-movement-and-gait-quality-using-accelerometry-in-children-s-physical-activity-consider-quality-not-just-quantity
#2
Cain Craig Truman Clark
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 14, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902628/physical-activity-and-bone-mineral-density-at-the-femoral-neck-subregions-in-adolescents-with-down-syndrome
#3
Ángel Matute-Llorente, Alejandro González-Agüero, Germán Vicente-Rodríguez, Luís B Sardinha, Fátima Baptista, José A Casajús
BACKGROUND: Low bone mineral density (BMD) has been frequently described in subjects with Down syndrome (DS). Reduced physical activity (PA) levels may contribute to low BMD in this population. The objective of the study was to investigate whether PA levels were related to the femoral neck bone mass distribution in a sample of 14 males and 12 females with DS aged 12-18 years. METHODS: BMD was evaluated by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) at the integral, superolateral and inferomedial femoral neck regions and PA levels were assessed by accelerometry...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901889/effect-of-breakfast-omission-and-consumption-on-energy-intake-and-physical-activity-in-adolescent-girls-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Julia K Zakrzewski-Fruer, Tatiana Plekhanova, Dafni Mandila, Yannis Lekatis, Keith Tolfrey
It is not known if breakfast consumption is an effective intervention for altering daily energy balance in adolescents when compared with breakfast omission. This study examined the acute effect of breakfast consumption and omission on free-living energy intake (EI) and physical activity (PA) in adolescent girls. Using an acute randomised cross-over design, forty girls (age 13·3 (sd 0·8) years, BMI 21·5 (sd 5·0) kg/m2) completed two, 3-d conditions in a randomised, counter-balanced order: no breakfast (NB) and standardised (approximately 1962 kJ) breakfast (SB)...
September 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899366/effects-of-physical-activity-calorie-expenditure-pace-labeling-study-design-and-baseline-sample-characteristics
#5
Anthony J Viera, Laura Tuttle, Emily Olsson, Julie Gras-Najjar, Ziya Gizlice, Derek Hales, Laura Linnan, Feng-Chang Lin, Seth M Noar, Alice Ammerman
BACKGROUND: Obesity and physical inactivity are responsible for more than 365,000 deaths per year and contribute substantially to rising healthcare costs in the US, making clear the need for effective public health interventions. Calorie labeling on menus has been implemented to guide consumer ordering behaviors, but effects on calories purchased has been minimal. METHODS: In this project, we tested the effect of physical activity calorie expenditure (PACE) food labels on actual point-of-decision food purchasing behavior as well as physical activity...
September 12, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877860/accelerometer-assessed-light-intensity-physical-activity-and-mortality-among-those-with-mobility-limitations
#6
Emily Frith, Paul D Loprinzi
BACKGROUND: Emerging research demonstrates that light-intensity physical activity is favorably associated with numerous health outcomes among the general population, even independent of high-intensity physical activity. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between accelerometer-assessed light-intensity physical activity and mortality in a national sample of American adults with mobility limitations. METHODS: Data from the 2003-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were utilized...
August 31, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877186/proof-of-concept-of-a-45-second-cardiorespiratory-fitness-self-test-for-coronary-artery-disease-patients-based-on-accelerometry
#7
Gabriele Papini, Alberto G Bonomi, Wim Stut, Jos J Kraal, Hareld M C Kemps, Francesco Sartor
Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) provides important diagnostic and prognostic information. It is measured directly via laboratory maximal testing or indirectly via submaximal protocols making use of predictor parameters such as submaximal [Formula: see text], heart rate, workload, and perceived exertion. We have established an innovative methodology, which can provide CRF prediction based only on body motion during a periodic movement. Thirty healthy subjects (40% females, 31.3 ± 7.8 yrs, 25.1 ± 3.2 BMI) and eighteen male coronary artery disease (CAD) (56...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872417/how-does-the-relationship-between-motor-skill-performance-and-body-mass-index-impact-physical-activity-in-preschool-children
#8
Haixia Guo, Michaela A Schenkelberg, Jennifer R O'Neill, Marsha Dowda, Russell R Pate
PURPOSE: To determine if weight status modifies the relationship between motor skill (MS) performance and physical activity (PA) in preschoolers. METHOD: Preschoolers (n = 227, ages 3-5 years) were recruited from 22 preschools. Preschoolers' MS (locomotor, object control, and total MS) were assessed with the CHAMPS Motor Skill Protocol. PA was measured by accelerometry. Mixed linear models were used to examine the relationship of MS performance and BMI z-score to PA...
September 5, 2017: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872390/classroom-based-physical-activity-minimizing-disparities-in-school-day-physical-activity-among-elementary-school-students
#9
Hannah G Calvert, Matthew T Mahar, Brian Flay, Lindsey Turner
BACKGROUND: Evidence of the positive effects of school physical activity (PA) interventions, including classroom-based PA (CBPA), is rapidly growing. However, few studies examine how variations in scheduled PA opportunities and teacher-implemented CBPA affect students' PA outcomes. METHODS: Teachers at five elementary schools attended training on how to implement CBPA. Data on school day PA opportunities (physical education [PE], recess, CBPA) were obtained via calendar and teacher-recorded CBPA logs...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866969/a-scoping-review-of-use-of-wearable-devices-to-evaluate-outcomes-in-survivors-of-critical-illness
#10
Samuel Gluck, Lee-Anne S Chapple, Marianne J Chapman, Theodore J Iwashyna, Adam M Deane
OBJECTIVE: Wearable devices using new technology may be a cost-effective method to assess functional outcomes in survivors of critical illness. Our primary objective was to review the extent to which wearable devices such as smartphones, pedometers, accelerometers and global positioning systems have been used to evaluate outcomes in survivors of an intensive care unit admission. DESIGN: We included studies of patients surviving an ICU admission and which measured outcomes using wearable devices...
September 2017: Critical Care and Resuscitation: Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859410/does-the-treadmill-support-valid-energetics-estimates-of-field-locomotion
#11
Owen R Bidder, Colette Goulding, Alejandra Toledo, Tessa A van Walsum, Ursula Siebert, Lewis G Halsey
Quantifying animal energy expenditure during locomotion in the field is generally based either on treadmill measurements or on estimates derived from a measured proxy. Two common proxies are heart rate (ƒH) and dynamic body acceleration (accelerometry). Both ƒH and accelerometry have been calibrated extensively under laboratory conditions, which typically involve prompting the animal to locomote on a treadmill at different speeds while simultaneously recording its rate of oxygen uptake (V̇o2) and the proxy...
August 1, 2017: Integrative and Comparative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856960/task-oriented-training-and-evaluation-at-home
#12
Veronica T Rowe, Marsha Neville
Principles of experience-dependent plasticity, motor learning theory, and the theory of Occupational Adaptation coalesce into a translational model for practice in neurorehabilitation. The objective of this study was to explore the effectiveness of a Task Oriented Training and Evaluation at Home (TOTE Home) program completed by people with subacute stroke, and whether effects persisted 1 month after this training. A single-subject design included a maximum of 30, 1hour sessions of training conducted in participants' homes...
August 1, 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841459/performance-comparison-between-wrist-and-chest-actigraphy-in-combination-with-heart-rate-variability-for-sleep-classification
#13
Md Aktaruzzaman, Massimo Walter Rivolta, Ruby Karmacharya, Nello Scarabottolo, Luigi Pugnetti, Massimo Garegnani, Gabriele Bovi, Giovanni Scalera, Maurizio Ferrarin, Roberto Sassi
The concurrent usage of actigraphy and heart rate variability (HRV) for sleep efficiency quantification is still matter of investigation. This study compared chest (CACT) and wrist (WACT) actigraphy (actigraphs positioned on chest and wrist, respectively) in combination with HRV for automatic sleep vs wake classification. Accelerometer and ECG signals were collected during polysomnographic studies (PSGs) including 18 individuals (25-53 years old) with no previous history of sleep disorders. Then, an experienced neurologist performed sleep staging on PSG data...
August 8, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831544/-non-device-based-telemonitoring-toy-or-tool
#14
REVIEW
Martin Stockburger
Non-device-based telemedical management can be useful to prevent decompensation and death in patients suffering from easily disequilibrated conditions like diabetes mellitus, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and heart failure (HF). This article summarizes current knowledge on non-device-based telemedical care for patients with HF. Several parameters (heart rate, heart rate variability, systolic blood pressure, pulse pressure, body weight, physical activity as derived from accelerometry, and occurrence of atrial and ventricular arrhythmias) have been identified as being associated with imminent clinical deterioration of HF patients...
August 22, 2017: Herzschrittmachertherapie & Elektrophysiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831367/correlates-of-children-s-independent-outdoor-play-cross-sectional-analyses-from-the-millennium-cohort-study
#15
Daniel Aggio, Benjamin Gardner, Justin Roberts, James Johnstone, Brendon Stubbs, Genevieve Williams, Guillermo Felipe López Sánchez, Lee Smith
Time spent outdoors is associated with higher levels of physical activity. To date, correlates of independent outdoor play have not been investigated. This study aimed to identify potential demographic, behavioural, environmental and social correlates of children's independent outdoor play. Data were from the Millennium Cohort Study when children were aged 7 years. Parents reported whether their children played out unsupervised (yes/no) as well as the above mentioned correlates of unsupervised outdoor play...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830927/physical-activity-counseling-for-children-with-cystic-fibrosis
#16
Fiona J Moola, Eric Garcia, Elizabeth Huynh, Lauren Henry, Shannon Penfound, Raquel Consunji-Araneta, Guy E J Faulkner
BACKGROUND: Physical activity is recommended as a component of the cystic fibrosis (CF) treatment regimen. However, to date, there is limited research examining the effects of behavioral counseling interventions aimed at increasing physical activity. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of a theoretically informed, parent-mediated counseling intervention in increasing habitual physical activity and quality of life among children and youth with CF. METHODS: Participants were recruited from the pediatric respirology clinic at the Children's Hospital of Winnipeg...
August 22, 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820909/dose-of-physical-activity-physical-functioning-and-disability-risk-in-mobility-limited-older-adults-results-from-the-life-study-randomized-trial
#17
Roger A Fielding, Jack M Guralnik, Abby C King, Marco Pahor, Mary M McDermott, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Todd M Manini, Nancy W Glynn, Anthony P Marsh, Robert S Axtell, Fang-Chi Hsu, W Jack Rejeski
Understanding the minimal dose of physical activity required to achieve improvement in physical functioning and reductions in disability risk is necessary to inform public health recommendations. To examine the effect of physical activity dose on changes in physical functioning and the onset of major mobility disability in The Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders (LIFE) Study. We conducted a multicenter single masked randomized controlled trial that enrolled participants in 2010 and 2011 and followed them for an average of 2...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818582/associations-between-meeting-combinations-of-24-h-movement-guidelines-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-children-from-12-countries
#18
H Sampasa-Kanyinga, M Standage, M S Tremblay, P T Katzmarzyk, G Hu, R Kuriyan, C Maher, J Maia, T Olds, O L Sarmiento, C Tudor-Locke, J-P Chaput
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether meeting vs not meeting movement/non-movement guidelines (moderate-to-vigorous physical activity [MVPA], screen time, sleep duration), and combinations of these recommendations, are associated with health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in children from 12 countries in five major geographic regions of the world and explore whether the associations vary by study site. STUDY DESIGN: Observational, multinational cross-sectional study. METHODS: This study included 6106 children aged 9-11 years from sites in Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Colombia, Finland, India, Kenya, Portugal, South Africa, the United Kingdom, and the United States...
August 14, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818451/the-association-between-displacement-of-sedentary-time-and-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-an-isotemporal-substitution-analysis
#19
Cormac G Ryan, Shaun Wellburn, Suzanne McDonough, Denis J Martin, Alan M Batterham
OBJECTIVES: Physical activity is an effective intervention for the prevention and management of chronic musculoskeletal pain (CMP). However, there is a lack of research to inform the intensity of physical activity that should be recommended. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between substituting 10minutes of sedentary time with either 10minutes of light physical activity (LPA) or moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and the CMP prevalence ratio. DESIGN: Secondary Analysis (November 2015) of data from the Health Survey for England (2008)...
February 3, 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814049/wearable-sensing-for-rehabilitation-after-stroke-bimanual-jerk-asymmetry-encodes-unique-information-about-the-variability-of-upper-extremity-recovery
#20
Diogo S de Lucena, Oliver Stoller, Justin B Rowe, Vicky Chan, David J Reinkensmeyer
Wearable sensing is a new tool for quantifying upper extremity (UE) rehabilitation after stroke. However, it is unclear whether it provides information beyond what is available through standard clinical assessments. To investigate this question, people with a chronic stroke (n=9) wore accelerometers on both wrists for 9 hours on a single day during their daily activities. We used principal components analysis (PCA) to characterize how novel kinematic measures of jerk and acceleration asymmetry, along with conventional measures of limb use asymmetry and clinical function, explained the behavioral variance of UE recovery across participants...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
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