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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915696/top2a-ggh-and-pecam1-are-associated-with-hematogenous-lymph-node-and-peritoneal-recurrence-in-stage-ii-iii-gastric-cancer-patients-enrolled-in-the-acts-gc-study
#1
Masanori Terashima, Wataru Ichikawa, Atsushi Ochiai, Koji Kitada, Issei Kurahashi, Shinichi Sakuramoto, Hitoshi Katai, Takeshi Sano, Hiroshi Imamura, Mitsuru Sasako
BACKGROUND: To identify factors related to relapse sites, we carried out an exploratory biomarker analysis of data from the Adjuvant Chemotherapy Trial of TS-1 for Gastric Cancer study, which is a randomized, controlled trial comparing postoperative adjuvant S-1 therapy with surgery alone in 1,059 patients with stage II/III gastric cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Surgical specimens from 829 patients were retrospectively examined, and 63 genes involved in a variety of biological processes were analyzed by quantitative real-time PCR...
August 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891079/successful-ts-1-monotherapy-as-the-second-line-treatment-for-advanced-extramammary-paget-s-disease-a-report-of-two-cases
#2
Junji Kato, Tokimasa Hida, Toshiharu Yamashita, Shiori Kamiya, Kohei Horimoto, Sayuri Sato, Hitomi Takahashi, Masahide Sawada, Mao Yamada, Hisashi Uhara
There is no standard chemotherapeutic treatment for advanced extramammary Paget's disease, though the effectiveness of some chemotherapy regimens, including docetaxel, has been reported. In this report, we report that TS-1 monotherapy was effective in two patients with advanced extramammary Paget's disease after docetaxel treatment failure. TS-1 monotherapy may be useful as the second-line treatment for patients with advanced extramammary Paget's disease.
September 11, 2017: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880240/effect-of-sipjeondaebo-tang-on-the-pharmacokinetics-of-s-1-an-anticancer-agent-in-rats-evaluated-by-population-pharmacokinetic-modeling
#3
Tae Hwan Kim, Soyoung Shin, Jeong Cheol Shin, Jürgen B Bulitta, Kwon-Yeon Weon, Sun Dong Yoo, Gi-Young Park, Seok Won Jeong, Dong Rak Kwon, Byung Sun Min, Mi Hee Woo, Beom Soo Shin
S-1 (TS-1(®)) is an oral fluoropyrimidine anticancer agent containing tegafur, oteracil, and gimeracil. Sipjeondaebo-tang (SDT) is a traditional oriental herbal medicine that has potential to alleviate chemotherapy-related adverse effects. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of SDT on the pharmacokinetics of S-1. Sprague-Dawley rats were pretreated with a single dose or repeated doses of SDT for seven consecutive days (1200 mg/kg/day). After the completion of pretreatment with SDT, S-1 was orally administered and plasma concentrations of tegafur, its active metabolite 5-FU, and gimeracil were determined by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS)...
September 7, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866359/micro-matrix-solid-phase-dispersion-coupled-with-meekc-for-quantitative-analysis-of-lignans-in-schisandrae-chinensis-fructus-using-molecular-sieve-ts-1-as-a-sorbent
#4
Chu Chu, Mengmeng Wei, Shan Wang, Liqiong Zheng, Zheng He, Jun Cao, Jizhong Yan
A simple and effective method was developed for determining lignans in Schisandrae Chinensis Fructus by using a micro-matrix solid phase dispersion (MSPD) technique coupled with microemulsion electrokinetic chromatography (MEEKC). Molecular sieve, TS-1, was applied as a solid supporting material in micro MSPD extraction for the first time. Parameters that affect extraction efficiency, such as type of dispersant, mass ratio of the sample to the dispersant, grinding time, elution solvent and volume were optimized...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828532/pharmacokinetic-and-pharmacodynamics-of-intravenous-dexmedetomidine-in-morbidly-obese-patients-undergoing-laparoscopic-surgery
#5
Bo Xu, Dongxu Zhou, Li Ren, Steven Shulman, Xingan Zhang, Ming Xiong
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to investigate the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of dexmedetomidine in morbidly obese patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery. METHODS: Morbidly obese (body mass index ≥40 kg/m(2)) and normal weight patients scheduled for elective laparoscopic surgery were included (n = 8, each group). After baseline hemodynamic measurement, dexmedetomidine 1 μg/kg was administered over 10 min. General anesthesia was induced with propofol 1...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815907/t7-rna-polymerase-driven-inducible-cell-lysis-for-dna-transfer-from-escherichia-coli-to-bacillus-subtilis
#6
Mario Juhas, James W Ajioka
The majority of the good DNA editing techniques have been developed in Escherichia coli; however, Bacillus subtilis is better host for a plethora of synthetic biology and biotechnology applications. Reliable and efficient systems for the transfer of synthetic DNA between E. coli and B. subtilis are therefore of the highest importance. Using synthetic biology approaches, such as streamlined lambda Red recombineering and Gibson Isothermal Assembly, we integrated genetic circuits pT7L123, Repr-ts-1 and pLT7pol encoding the lysis genes of bacteriophages MS2, ΦX174 and lambda, the thermosensitive repressor and the T7 RNA polymerase into the E...
August 16, 2017: Microbial Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805662/clinical-and-immunological-responses-after-cd30-specific-chimeric-antigen-receptor-redirected-lymphocytes
#7
Carlos A Ramos, Brandon Ballard, Huimin Zhang, Olga Dakhova, Adrian P Gee, Zhuyong Mei, Mrinalini Bilgi, Meng-Fen Wu, Hao Liu, Bambi Grilley, Catherine M Bollard, Bill H Chang, Cliona M Rooney, Malcolm K Brenner, Helen E Heslop, Gianpietro Dotti, Barbara Savoldo
BACKGROUND: Targeting CD30 with monoclonal antibodies in Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) and anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) has had profound clinical success. However, adverse events, mainly mediated by the toxin component of the conjugated antibodies, cause treatment discontinuation in many patients. Targeting CD30 with T cells expressing a CD30-specific chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) may reduce the side effects and augment antitumor activity. METHODS: We conducted a phase I dose escalation study in which 9 patients with relapsed/refractory HL or ALCL were infused with autologous T cells that were gene-modified with a retroviral vector to express the CD30-specific CAR (CD30...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761731/health-related-quality-of-life-in-a-randomised-phase-iii-study-of-gemcitabine-plus-s-1-s-1-alone-and-gemcitabine-alone-for-locally-advanced-or-metastatic-pancreatic-cancer-gest-study
#8
Yasuhiro Hagiwara, Yasuo Ohashi, Takuji Okusaka, Hideki Ueno, Tatsuya Ioka, Narikazu Boku, Shinichi Egawa, Takashi Hatori, Junji Furuse, Kazuhiro Mizumoto, Shinichi Ohkawa, Taketo Yamaguchi, Kenji Yamao, Akihiro Funakoshi, Ann-Lii Cheng, Kiyohiro Kihara, Atsushi Sato, Masao Tanaka
OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to compare health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of gemcitabine plus S-1 (GS), S-1 alone and gemcitabine alone as first-line chemotherapy for locally advanced or metastatic pancreatic cancer in the GEST (Gemcitabine and TS-1 Trial) study and to assess the impacts of adverse events and tumour response on HRQOL. METHODS: Patients were randomly assigned to receive gemcitabine alone (1000 mg/m(2) weekly for 3 of 4 weeks), S-1 alone (80, 100 or 120 mg/day twice daily for 4 of 6 weeks) or GS (gemcitabine at 1000 mg/m(2) weekly plus S-1 at 60, 80 or 100 mg/day twice daily for 2 of 3 weeks)...
2017: ESMO Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721931/ts-1-tegafur-gimeracil-oteracil-induced-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-with-skin-lesions-and-anti-sm-antibody
#9
Fumi Miyagawa, Yuka Sugano, Masayuki Sho, Hideo Asada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 19, 2017: European Journal of Dermatology: EJD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709740/effects-of-size-and-thermophilic-pre-hydrolysis-of-banana-peel-during-anaerobic-digestion-and-biomethanation-potential-of-key-tropical-fruit-wastes
#10
Mary Jesuyemi Odedina, Boonya Charnnok, Kanyarat Saritpongteeraka, Sumate Chaiprapat
Methane production potential of tropical fruit wastes, namely lady-finger banana peel, rambutan waste and longan waste were compared using BMP assay and stoichiometric modified Buswell and Mueller equation. Methane yields based on volatile solid (VS) were in the order of ground banana peel, chopped banana peel, chopped longan waste, and chopped rambutan waste (330.6, 268.3, 234.6 and 193.2 mLCH4/gVS) that corresponded to their calculated biodegradability. In continuous operations of banana peel digestion at feed concentrations based on total solid (TS) 1-2%, mesophilic single stage digester run at 20-day hydraulic retention time (20-day HRT) failed at 2%TS, but successfully recovered at 1...
July 11, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652425/evaluation-of-biological-activity-of-mastic-extracts-based-on-chemotherapeutic-indices
#11
Ryuichiro Suzuki, Hiroshi Sakagami, Shigeru Amano, Kunihiko Fukuchi, Katsuyoshi Sunaga, Taisei Kanamoto, Shigemi Terakubo, Hideki Nakashima, Yoshiaki Shirataki, Mineko Tomomura, Yoshiko Masuda, Satoshi Yokose, Akito Tomomura, Hirofumi Watanabe, Masaki Okawara, Yoshiharu Matahira
BACKGROUND: Most previous mastic investigators have not considered its potent cytotoxicity that may significantly affect the interpretation of obtained data. In the present study, we re-evaluated several biological activities of mastic extracts, based on chemotherapeutic indexes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pulverized mastic gum was extracted with n-hexane and then with ethyl acetate or independently with methanol or n-butanol. Tumor specificity (TS) of the extracts was determined by their cytotoxicity against human malignant and non-malignant cells...
July 2017: In Vivo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585733/life-threat-and-sleep-disturbances-in-adolescents-a-two-year-follow-up-of-survivors-from-the-2011-ut%C3%A3-ya-norway-terror-attack
#12
Grønli Janne, Melinder Annika, Olga Therese Ousdal, Pallesen Ståle, Endestad Tor, Anne Marita Milde
A significant number of adolescents have been exposed to traumatic life events. However, knowledge about the specific sleep disturbance that occurs in individuals after trauma exposure is predominantly based on studies of adults. This study reports specific sleep disturbance in 42 survivors of the 2011 mass shooting at a youth summer camp on the Norwegian island Utøya, mean age = 20.91 years, SD = 2.32, 62.5% females. When compared with matched controls, significantly more survivors reported having sleep disturbances, 52...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459196/relationships-of-mmp-9-e-cadherin-and-vegf-expression-with-clinicopathological-features-and-response-to-chemosensitivity-in-gastric-cancer
#13
Hongyu Gao, Xiuwen Lan, Sen Li, Yingwei Xue
The matrix metalloproteinase-9, E-cadherin, and vascular endothelial growth factor play an important role in behavior of tumor cell growth, invasion, and metastasis. In this study, we investigated the relationships of matrix metalloproteinase-9, E-cadherin, and vascular endothelial growth factor expression with clinicopathological features and results of chemosensitivity tested by collagen gel droplet-embedded culture-drug sensitivity test in gastric cancer. Fresh specimens were used for collagen gel droplet-embedded culture-drug sensitivity test and paired fixed specimens were used for immunohistochemistry...
May 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427215/top2a-ggh-and-pecam1-are-associated-with-hematogenous-lymph-node-and-peritoneal-recurrence-in-stage-ii-iii-gastric-cancer-patients-enrolled-in-the-acts-gc-study
#14
Masanori Terashima, Wataru Ichikawa, Atsushi Ochiai, Koji Kitada, Issei Kurahashi, Shinichi Sakuramoto, Hitoshi Katai, Takeshi Sano, Hiroshi Imamura, Mitsuru Sasako
BACKGROUND: To identify factors related to relapse sites, we carried out an exploratory biomarker analysis of data from the Adjuvant Chemotherapy Trial of TS-1 for Gastric Cancer study, which is a randomized, controlled trial comparing postoperative adjuvant S-1 therapy with surgery alone in 1,059 patients with stage II/III gastric cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Surgical specimens from 829 patients were retrospectively examined, and 63 genes involved in a variety of biological processes were analyzed by quantitative real-time PCR...
March 4, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415813/the-optimal-chemotherapeutic-regimen-in-d2-resected-locally-advanced-gastric-cancer-a-propensity-score-matched-analysis
#15
Jun Eul Hwang, Myung Seo Ki, Karham Kim, Sung-Hoon Jung, Hyun-Jeong Shim, Woo-Kyun Bae, Eu-Chang Hwang, Young Hoe Hur, Oh Jeong, Seong Yeob Ryu, Young Kyu Park, Sang-Hee Cho, Ju-Seog Lee, Ik-Joo Chung
Adjuvant chemotherapy using TS-1 or capecitabine plus oxaliplatin improves survival outcomes after radical gastrectomy, with both regimens showing similar efficacies.A total of 494 patients with stage II‒III gastric cancer who underwent curative D2 gastrectomy and received adjuvant chemotherapy from April 2004 to June 2014 were included in this study. 219 patients received TS-1, and 275 received platinum-based chemotherapy. The disease-free survival associated with adjuvant chemotherapy with TS-1 was compared with that associated with fluoropyrimidine plus platinum chemotherapy to identify the subgroups that would benefit most from platinum-based chemotherapy...
March 16, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414195/tegafur-gimeracil-oteracil-ts-1-induced-erythroderma-with-an-extensive-mucosal-involvement-and-hand-foot-syndrome
#16
Kazuki Matsuda, Takeshi Namiki, Makiko Ueno, Takashi Hashimoto, Takaaki Hanafusa, Hiroo Yokozeki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2017: European Journal of Dermatology: EJD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402009/genetic-relationships-between-temperament-of-calves-at-auction-and-carcass-traits-in-japanese-black-cattle
#17
Kazuya Takeda, Hiroshi Uchida, Keiichi Inoue
Correlations of calves' temperament with carcass traits were estimated to clarify the genetic relationships between them in Japanese Black cattle. The temperament records for 3128 calves during auction at a calf market were scored on a scale of 1 (calm) to 5 (nervous) as temperament score (TS), and the TS were divided into two groups (TSG): TS 1 and 2 comprised TSG 1, and 3 to 5 constituted TSG 2. Carcass data were obtained from 33 552 fattened cattle. A threshold animal model was used for analyzing the underlying liability for TSG, whereas a linear one was used for TS and carcass traits...
April 12, 2017: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359205/quality-stability-and-sensory-attributes-of-apple-juice-processed-by-thermosonication-pulsed-electric-field-and-thermal-processing
#18
Alifdalino Sulaiman, Mohammed Farid, Filipa Vm Silva
Worldwide, apple juice is the second most popular juice, after orange juice. It is susceptible to enzymatic browning spoilage by polyphenoloxidase, an endogenous enzyme. In this study, Royal Gala apple juice was treated by thermosonication (TS: 1.3 W/mL, 58 ℃, 10 min), pulsed electric field (PEF: 24.8 kV/cm, 60 pulses, 169 µs treatment time, 53.8 ℃) and heat (75 ℃, 20 min) and stored at 3.0 ℃ and 20.0 ℃ for 30 days. A sensory analysis was carried out after processing. The polyphenoloxidase activity, antioxidant activity and total color difference of the apple juice were determined before and after processing and during storage...
April 2017: Food Science and Technology International, Ciencia y Tecnología de Los Alimentos Internacional
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251899/acral-lentiginosis-associated-with-tegafur-gimeracil-oteracil-ts-1
#19
Young Joon Park, Byoung Woo Soh, Eun-So Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: European Journal of Dermatology: EJD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224562/solitary-choroidal-metastasis-from-gastric-adenocarcinoma-a-case-report
#20
Masanari Shimada, Susumu Amaya, Hiroaki Sugita, Yuichiro Furutani, Yoshinori Munemoto, Takeshi Mitsui, Toshiro Tanahashi, Yuzo Kikuchi
BACKGROUND: Metastatic choroidal carcinomas that originated from the gastrointestinal tract are extremely rare. We report a case of suspected solitary choroidal metastasis from gastric adenocarcinoma. CASE PRESENTATION: The patient was a 60-year-old man who had undergone laparoscopic distal gastrectomy with D1+ lymphadenecetomy for gastric cancer. The clinical stage was T1bN0M0 (TNM classification), but the pathological stage was T4aN0M0 beyond expectation. Adjuvant chemotherapy with oral Tegafur, Gimeracil, Oteracil potassium (TS-1(®)) was initiated...
December 2017: Surgical Case Reports
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