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Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760160/development-of-a-novel-clinical-staging-model-for-cirrhosis-using-the-nationwide-inpatient-sample
#1
Mona Haj, Mary Hart, Don C Rockey
Scoring systems such as Model for End-stage Liver Disease (MELD) and Child-Pugh are often used by clinicians to determine prognosis in patients with cirrhosis. Since clinical complications are important in determining cirrhosis outcomes, our goal was to use these to develop a novel prognostic staging model. Data from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS), years 2003-2011, were queried for records of patients over the age of 18 with cirrhosis excluding patients with prior or inpatient liver transplantation. The primary outcome was inpatient mortality with focus on cirrhosis-related complications: non-bleeding esophageal varices, variceal hemorrhage, ascites, hepatic encephalopathy (HE), spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP), and hepatorenal syndrome (HRS)...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Investigative Medicine: the Official Publication of the American Federation for Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746564/multiple-bacterial-infections-increase-the-risk-of-hepatic-encephalopathy-in-patients-with-cirrhosis
#2
Lan-Ting Yuan, Seng-Kee Chuah, Shih-Cheng Yang, Chih-Ming Liang, Cheng-Kun Wu, Wei-Chen Tai, Tsung-Hsing Hung, Seng-Howe Nguang, Jiunn-Wei Wang, Kuo-Lun Tseng, Ming-Kun Ku, Pin-I Hsu, Deng-Chyang Wu, Chien-Ning Hsu
OBJECTIVE: Patients with liver cirrhosis (LC) are at increased risk for bacterial infections. It is not fully understood how exposure to infections induces further development of hepatic encephalopathy (HE). This study estimated risks of infection associated with HE among patients with LC. METHODS: A nested case-control study of 14,428 adult patients with LC was performed using the population-based Longitudinal Health Insurance Database 2000 in Taiwan. Cases were cirrhotic patients who developed HE during follow-up...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743922/xuebijing-injection-combined-with-antibiotics-for-the-treatment-of-spontaneous-bacterial-peritonitis-in-liver-cirrhosis-a-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Dan Han, Ran Wang, Yang Yu, Mingyu Sun, Rolf Teschke, Fernando Gomes Romeiro, Andrea Mancuso, Tingxue Song, Zhong Peng, Bing Han, Xinmiao Zhou, Wenchun Bao, Qianqian Li, Kexin Zheng, Yingying Li, Zhaohui Bai, Xiaozhong Guo, Xingshun Qi
Background and Aim: Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is one of the most common complications of liver cirrhosis. Antibiotics are the main treatment regimen of SBP. Traditional Chinese medicine Xuebijing injection has been used in such patients. Our study aimed to overview the efficacy of Xuebijing injection combined with antibiotics for the treatment of SBP. Method: We searched the PubMed, Embase, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, VIP, and Wanfang databases...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735785/alcohol-consumption-influences-clinical-outcome-in-patients-admitted-to-a-referral-center-for-liver-disease
#4
Suyan G R Dos Santos, Angelo A Mattos, Marcela M Guimarães, Bibiana de S Boger, Gabriela P Coral
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: Excessive alcohol consumption is a public health concern worldwide and has been associated with high mortality rates. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of alcohol consumption and its influence on the prognosis of hospitalized cirrhotic patients in a tertiary care hospital. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of all patients with hepatic cirrosis admitted between January 2009 and December 2014, in a referral center for liver disease in southern Brazil...
April 9, 2018: Annals of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731084/impact-of-pretransplant-infections-on-clinical-course-in-liver-transplant-recipients
#5
Y J Kim, J H Yoon, S I Kim, H J Choi, J Y Choi, S K Yoon, Y-K You, D-G Kim
BACKGROUND: Uncontrolled infections are known to be an absolute contraindication for liver transplantation; however, the posttransplant prognosis of recipients treated for pretransplant infection is unclear. The aim of this study was to analyze pretransplant infections among liver transplant recipients and to determine their impact on posttransplant clinical outcomes. METHODS: This study retrospectively analyzed 357 subjects who had undergone living-donor liver transplantation between January 2008 and May 2014...
May 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725793/nonselective-beta-blockers-do-not-affect-survival-in-cirrhotic-patients-with-ascites
#6
REVIEW
Antonio Facciorusso, Sunil Roy, Sarantis Livadas, Adwalia Fevrier-Paul, Clara Wekesa, Ismail Dogu Kilic, Amit Kumar Chaurasia, Mina Sadeq, Nicola Muscatiello
BACKGROUND: The role of nonselective beta-blockers in cirrhotic patients with ascites has been recently questioned; however, definitive evidence in this regard is still lacking. AIMS: To analyze published data on the influence of nonselective beta-blockers as compared to control group on survival of cirrhotic patients with ascites. METHODS: Computerized bibliographic search on the main databases was performed. Hazard ratios from Kaplan-Meier curves were extracted in order to perform an unbiased comparison of survival estimates...
May 3, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721399/emergency-management-of-spontaneous-bacterial-peritonitis-a-clinical-review
#7
REVIEW
Tracy MacIntosh
Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) has a high mortality rate; early antimicrobial therapy is essential for improving patient outcomes. Given that cirrhotic patients are often coagulopathic, the perceived risk of bleeding may prevent providers from performing a paracentesis and ruling out this potentially deadly disease. We examine the pathophysiology and risk factors for SBP, and current guidelines for its diagnosis and treatment. We then review the time-sensitive nature of performing a paracentesis, and the current controversies and contraindications for performing this procedure in patients at risk for SBP...
March 1, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714029/a-data-driven-patient-blood-management-strategy-in-liver-transplantation
#8
R A Metcalf, M B Pagano, J R Hess, J Reyes, J D Perkins, M I Montenovo
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Blood utilization during liver transplant has decreased, but remains highly variable due to many complex surgical and physiologic factors. Previous models attempted to predict utilization using preoperative variables to stratify cases into two usage groups, usually using entire blood units for measurement. We sought to develop a practical predictive model using specific transfusion volumes (in ml) to develop a data-driven patient blood management strategy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective evaluation of primary liver transplants at a single institution from 2013 to 2015...
May 1, 2018: Vox Sanguinis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690994/-spontaneous-bacterial-peritonitis-and-bacteraemia-caused-by-meningococci-serogroup-w-clonal-complex-11
#9
Martin Søholm Iversen, Steen Hoffmann, Katrine Lind, Arnold Dungu, Thor Bech Johannesen, Barbara J Holzknecht
In recent years, the incidence of invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) caused by serogroup W (SG-W) has been rising, in particular SG-W within clonal complex 11 (cc11), which has caused epidemics and is believed to cause severe and atypical IMD. This is a case report of spon-taneous bacterial peritonitis and bacteraemia caused by meningococci SG-W cc11 in a 60-year-old female with systemic lupus erythematosus in prolonged remission as her only risk factor. Antibiotic therapy was initiated at admission, and peritoneal lavage was performed...
April 16, 2018: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686909/spontaneous-bacterial-peritonitis-due-to-lactobacillus-paracasei-in-cirrhosis
#10
Emily Harding-Theobald, Bharat Maraj
Lactobacillus species colonize the human gastrointestinal tract and are rarely pathogenic. We present a case involving a cirrhotic patient who presented with sepsis and was found to have peritoneal cultures demonstrating Lactobacillus as the sole pathogen concerning for spontaneous bacterial peritonitis. Treatment was achieved with high-dose penicillin and clindamycin but the patient developed hepatorenal syndrome and died from acute renal failure. Intra-abdominal Lactobacillus infections are typically seen in patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis or who have recently had bowel perforation...
2018: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675988/dose-dependent-impact-of-proton-pump-inhibitors-on-the-clinical-course-of-spontaneous-bacterial-peritonitis
#11
Tammo L Tergast, Anika Wranke, Hans Laser, Svetlana Gerbel, Michael P Manns, Markus Cornberg, Benjamin Maasoumy
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is a severe complication in patients with liver cirrhosis leading to acute kidney injury (AKI), hepatic encephalopathy (HE) and a high mortality. In this study we aimed to investigate the impact of proton pump inhibitors (PPI) and the potential relevance of the taken dosage on the incidence and clinical course of SBP. METHODS: Overall, 613 consecutive patients with decompensated liver cirrhosis were included...
April 19, 2018: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629510/endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-coil-or-glue-injection-in-post-cyanoacrylate-gastric-variceal-re-bleed
#12
Roy J Mukkada, Rajesh Antony, Mathew J Chooracken, Jose V Francis, Antony P Chettupuzha, Pradeep G Mathew, Philip Augustine, Abraham Koshy
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: N-butyl-cyanoacrylate injection is recommended in bleeding/recently bled gastric varices. However, cyanoacrylate injection is associated with re-bleed in 25% to 50% of patients. Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided coil application is an emerging treatment modality for bleeding gastric varices. The aim of this study was to compare EUS-guided coil application combined with or without cyanoacrylate glue injection to injection alone in post-glue gastric variceal re-bleed...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589197/spontaneous-bacteremia-and-spontaneous-bacterial-peritonitis-in-cirrhosis-two-infections-but-similar-outcomes
#13
EDITORIAL
Rakhi Maiwall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 27, 2018: Hepatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579872/therapy-with-direct-acting-antiviral-agents-for-hepatitis-c-in-liver-transplant-recipients
#14
F Nogueras López, A López Garrido, E J Ortega Suazo, F Vadillo Calles, F Valverde López, M D Espinosa Aguilar
BACKGROUND: Recurrent infection with the hepatitis C virus (HCV) after liver transplantation (LT) is associated with decreased graft and patient survival. Direct-acting antiviral (DAA) therapies have changed the landscape of HCV due to their excellent safety profile and cure rates. Our aim was to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of antiviral therapy in recurrent HCV after LT with DAA therapy. METHODS: Our retrospective analysis included 46 LT recipients with HCV recurrence...
March 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563694/purtscher-like-retinopathy-a-rare-ocular-finding-in-nephrotic-syndrome
#15
Anamika Dwivedi, Deepak Dwivedi, Charudutt Chalisgaonkar, Sujata Lakhtakia
In this report, we present a case of Purtscher-like retinopathy in a 12-year-old male child with nephrotic syndrome. He was a known case of steroid-dependent nephrotic syndrome, frequent relapser with spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, who presented with complaints of difficulty in vision in both eyes. The fundus examination showed multiple cotton-wool spots and Purtscher fleckens centered around the optic nerve head with superficial retinal hemorrhages in both eyes. Fluorescein angiography confirmed the diagnosis of Purtscher-like retinopathy...
January 2018: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561972/impact-of-microbiological-changes-on-spontaneous-bacterial-peritonitis-in-three-different-periods-over-17-years
#16
Paulo Roberto Lerias de Almeida, Gabriel Stefani Leão, Charlles David Gonçalves Gonçalves, Rafael Veiga Picon, Cristiane Valle Tovo
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis is a serious complication in cirrhotic patients, and changes in the microbiological characteristics reported in the last years are impacting the choice of antibiotic used for treatment. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study is to evaluate the changes in the epidemiology and bacterial resistance of the germs causing spontaneous bacterial peritonitis over three different periods over 17 years. METHODS: All cirrhotic patients with spontaneous bacterial peritonitis and positive culture of ascites fluid were retrospectively studied in a reference Hospital in Southern Brazil...
January 2018: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542304/follow-up-creatinine-level-is-an-important-predictive-factor-of-in-hospital-mortality-in-cirrhotic-patients-with-spontaneous-bacterial-peritonitis
#17
Baek Gyu Jun, Woong Cheul Lee, Jae Young Jang, Soung Won Jeong, Young Don Kim, Gab Jin Cheon, Yun Nah Lee, Sang Gyune Kim, Young Seok Kim, Young Sin Cho, Sae Hwan Lee, Hong Soo Kim
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is one of the severe complications of liver cirrhosis. Early detection of high-risk patients is essential for prognostic improvement. The aim of this study is to investigate the predictive factors related to in-hospital mortality in patients with SBP. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of 233 SBP patients (181 males, 52 females) who were admitted to four tertiary referral hospitals between August 2002 and February 2013...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528017/budd-chiari-syndrome-diagnosed-in-a-patient-listed-for-liver-transplant-and-considered-to-be-contraindicated-for-the-operation
#18
Kakharman Yesmembetov, Zhansaya Muratova, Sergey Borovskiy, Irina Ten, Kulpash Kaliaskarova
We report the clinical case of 23-year-old patient with liver cirrhosis of unknown genesis, significant resistant ascites, and 2 episodes of bleeding from esophageal varices. Evaluation did not find any cause of liver disease, and the patient was placed on the transplant wait list due to subcompensated liver function (Model for End-Stage Liver Disease score of 16, Child-Pugh class B) and poorly controlled severe portal hypertension. After treatment with diuretics, largevolume paracentesis, antibiotics, and vasoconstrictors, hepatorenal syndrome and spontaneous bacterial peritonitis resolved and liver function improved significantly...
March 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527261/spontaneous-bacterial-and-fungal-peritonitis-in-patients-with-liver-cirrhosis-a-literature-review
#19
REVIEW
Toru Shizuma
Spontaneous bacterial (SBP) and spontaneous fungal peritonitis (SFP) can be a life-threatening infection in patients with liver cirrhosis (LC) and ascites. One of the possible mechanisms of developing SBP is bacterial translocation. Although the number of polymorphonuclear cells in the culture of ascitic fluid is diagnostic for SBP, secondary bacterial peritonitis is necessary to exclude. The severity of underlying liver dysfunction is predictive of developing SBP; moreover, renal impairment and infections caused by multidrug-resistant (MDR) organism are associated with a fatal prognosis of SBP...
February 27, 2018: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521663/predicting-mortality-in-patients-with-spontaneous-bacterial-peritonitis-using-routine-inflammatory-and-biochemical-markers
#20
Raim Iliaz, Tahsin Ozpolat, Bulent Baran, Kadir Demir, Sabahattin Kaymakoglu, Fatih Besisik, Filiz Akyuz
OBJECTIVES: Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is a common and high-mortality infectious complication of patients with cirrhosis. New inflammatory markers are associated with morbidity/mortality in various diseases. The aim of our study was to find the 30-day mortality rate of SBP and their predictors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Seventy patients with cirrhosis complicated with SBP and 55 non-SBP controls were enrolled into the study, and patients were evaluated for mortality rate and its predictors...
March 8, 2018: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
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