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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155456/identifying-sarcopenia-in-female-long-term-care-residents-a-comparison-of-current-guidelines
#1
Mary P Kotlarczyk, Subashan Perera, David A Nace, Neil M Resnick, Susan L Greenspan
OBJECTIVES: To establish the prevalence of sarcopenia in a long-term care population, assess agreement among different consensus sarcopenia diagnostic criteria, and examine agreement of a self-reported questionnaire with consensus guidelines. DESIGN: Cross-sectional secondary analysis. SETTING: Long-term care communities in the greater Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, area. PARTICIPANTS: Women aged 65 and older (mean 83.6) undergoing eligibility screening for a fracture reduction trial (N = 141)...
November 20, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154420/relationship-between-skeletal-muscle-mass-and-cardiac-function-during-exercise-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#2
Masamitsu Sugie, Kazumasa Harada, Tetsuya Takahashi, Marina Nara, Joji Ishikawa, Teruyuki Koyama, Hunkyung Kim, Jun Tanaka, Hajime Fujimoto, Shuichi Obuchi, Stephan von Haehling, Syunei Kyo, Hideki Ito
AIMS: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between skeletal muscle mass and cardiac functional parameters in older adults during cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET). METHODS AND RESULTS: Sixty-three Japanese community-dwelling older adults were enrolled (20 men and 43 women; mean age 80 years, range 65-97 years). Cardiac functional parameters during exercise were assessed using CPET. Skeletal muscle mass index (SMI) was calculated by dividing the appendicular lean mass (measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry) by height in metres squared...
November 2017: ESC Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149975/clinical-outcomes-of-living-liver-transplantation-according-to-the-presence-of-sarcopenia-as-defined-by-skeletal-muscle-mass-hand-grip-and-gait-speed
#3
N Harimoto, T Yoshizumi, T Izumi, T Motomura, N Harada, S Itoh, T Ikegami, H Uchiyama, Y Soejima, A Nishie, T Kamishima, R Kusaba, K Shirabe, Y Maehara
BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia is an independent predictor of death after living-donor liver transplantation (LDLT). However, the ability of the Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia criteria for sarcopenia (defined as reduced skeletal muscle mass plus low muscle strength) to predict surgical outcomes in patients who have undergone LDLT has not been determined. METHODS: This study prospectively enrolled 366 patients who underwent LDLT at Kyushu University Hospital. Skeletal muscle area (determined by computed tomography), hand-grip strength, and gait speed were measured in 102 patients before LDLT...
November 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139012/psychometric-performance-of-the-romanian-version-of-the-sarqol%C3%A2-a-health-related-quality-of-life-questionnaire-for-sarcopenia
#4
Gasparik Andrea Ildiko, Mihai Gabriela, Beaudart Charlotte, Bruyere Olivier, Pop Raluca-Monica, Reginster Jean-Yves, Pascanu Ionela Maria
Our study assessed the psychometric properties of the Romanian SarQoL(®) questionnaire. Normal distribution and high internal consistency were found. Sarcopenic subjects reported a reduced global quality of life compared to non-sarcopenics. The Romanian version of the SarQoL(®) questionnaire, conceptually and literally equivalent with the source instrument, is qualified in terms of psychometric properties. PURPOSE/INTRODUCTION: We have recently provided a translated and culturally tailored version of the first quality of life (QoL) questionnaire specific for sarcopenia, the SarQoL(®), in Romanian language...
November 14, 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130707/-sarcopenic-obesity-in-elderly-women-influence-of-i-d-polymorphism-of-the-angiotension-converter-enzyme
#5
Cristina Romero Blanco, María Jesús Artiga González, Esther Cabanillas Cruz, José Antonio Casajús Mallén, Ignacio Ara Royo, Susana Aznar Laín
INTRODUCTION: Sarcopenic obesity (SO) is a term that refers to an increase of fat mass together with a decrease of muscle mass, which is suffered by a high percentage of elderly population. Physical activity seems to be a good strategy to prevent it getting worse. However, genetic factors related to the aging process and to elderly's physical fitness could have an influence on it. AIM: To determine if elderly women > 60 who practice physical activity regularly had differences in sarcopenic obesity according to the I/D polymorphism from the ACE (angiotensin converter enzyme) gen...
October 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129228/preoperative-low-muscle-mass-has-a-strong-negative-effect-on-pulmonary-function-in-patients-undergoing-living-donor-liver-transplantation
#6
Hisaya Shirai, Toshimi Kaido, Yuhei Hamaguchi, Siyuan Yao, Atsushi Kobayashi, Shinya Okumura, Naoko Kamo, Shintaro Yagi, Hideaki Okajima, Shinji Uemoto
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the effect of preoperative sarcopenia on cardiopulmonary function in patients undergoing living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed of 207 patients who underwent LDLT between January 2008 and April 2015. The quantity and quality of skeletal muscle were evaluated by the psoas muscle mass index (PMI) and intramuscular adipose tissue content (IMAC), respectively, using preoperative computed tomography imaging...
January 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120677/relationships-between-25-oh-d-concentration-sarcopenia-and-homa-ir-in-postmenopausal-korean-women
#7
J H Lee, S Kim, M K Kim, B H Yun, S Cho, Y S Choi, B S Lee, S K Seo
OBJECTIVE: Sarcopenia and insulin resistance are common co-morbidities in the elderly and are known to be associated with vitamin D deficiency. However, no previous studies have investigated interactions between all three of these factors. We aimed to investigate the relationship between 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration, sarcopenia, and insulin resistance in postmenopausal Korean women. METHODS: This study used data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2008-2011...
November 9, 2017: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116490/impact-of-sarcopenic-obesity-on-failure-to-rescue-from-major-complications-following-pancreaticoduodenectomy-for-cancer-results-from-a-multicenter-study
#8
Nicolò Pecorelli, Giovanni Capretti, Marta Sandini, Anna Damascelli, Giulia Cristel, Francesco De Cobelli, Luca Gianotti, Alessandro Zerbi, Marco Braga
BACKGROUND: Failure to rescue (FTR) is a quality-of-care indicator in pancreatic surgery, but may also identify patients who may not tolerate major postoperative complications despite being treated with best available care. Previous studies found that high visceral adipose tissue-to-skeletal muscle ratio is associated with poor outcomes following pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). The aim of the study is to assess the impact of sarcopenic obesity on occurrence of FTR from major complications in cancer patients undergoing PD...
November 7, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079029/relationship-between-sarcopenia-and-frailty-in-the-toledo-study-of-healthy-aging-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study
#9
B Davies, F García, I Ara, F Rodríguez Artalejo, L Rodriguez-Mañas, S Walter
INTRODUCTION: Frailty and sarcopenia are correlates of musculoskeletal aging that represent a state of vulnerability increasing the risk of negative health outcomes. Standardized definitions are lacking for both, and sometimes both concepts are used interchangeably. However, no large study has assessed the coexistence of these 2 entities in a cohort of older community-dwelling people. METHODS: Data were taken from the Toledo Study of Healthy Aging (TSHA), a study of community-dwelling elderly (≥65 years)...
October 24, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071664/the-relationship-between-plasma-interleukin-15-levels-and-sarcopenia-in-outpatient-older-people
#10
Ahmet Yalcin, Kamile Silay, Ahmet Rifat Balik, Gamze Avcioğlu, Almila Senat Aydin
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Sarcopenia is a geriatric syndrome in which there is a decrease in muscle mass, muscle strength, and muscle function. Interleukin-15 (IL-15), a myokine released by skeletal muscle, has effects on both muscle and adipose tissue. We evaluated the relationship between plasma IL-15 level and sarcopenia. METHODS: We evaluated a total of 160 outpatient older people, and 80 of whom had sarcopenia. Sarcopenia was defined according to the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People criteria...
October 25, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064889/impact-of-sarcopenic-obesity-on-outcomes-in-patients-undergoing-hepatectomy-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#11
Atsushi Kobayashi, Toshimi Kaido, Yuhei Hamaguchi, Shinya Okumura, Hisaya Shirai, Siyuan Yao, Naoko Kamo, Shintaro Yagi, Kojiro Taura, Hideaki Okajima, Shinji Uemoto
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate preoperative body composition, including skeletal muscle and visceral adipose tissue, and to clarify the impact on outcomes after hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). BACKGROUND: Recent studies have indicated that sarcopenia is associated with morbidity and mortality in various pathologies, including cancer, and that obesity or visceral adiposity represents a significant risk factor for several cancers. However, the impact of sarcopenic obesity on outcomes after hepatectomy for HCC has not been fully investigated...
October 23, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059469/fat-free-muscle-mass-in-magnetic-resonance-imaging-predicts-acute-on-chronic-liver-failure-and-survival-in-decompensated-cirrhosis
#12
Michael Praktiknjo, Marius Book, Julian Luetkens, Alessandra Pohlmann, Carsten Meyer, Daniel Thomas, Christian Jansen, Andreas Feist, Johannes Chang, Jochen Grimm, Jennifer Lehmann, Christian P Strassburg, Juan Gonzalez Abraldes, Guido Kukuk, Jonel Trebicka
BACKGROUND: Muscle mass seems to be a prognostic marker in patients with liver cirrhosis. However, reported methods to quantify muscle mass are heterogeneous, consented cut-off values are missing and most studies used computed tomography (CT). This study evaluated fat-free muscle area as a marker of sarcopenia using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in decompensated cirrhotic patients with transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS). METHODS: The total erector spinae muscle area and the intramuscular fat tissue area were measured and subtracted to calculate the fat-free muscle area (FFMA) in 116 cirrhotic patients with TIPS and MRI...
October 23, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043432/recent-advances-in-pharmacological-hormonal-and-nutritional-intervention-for-sarcopenia
#13
REVIEW
Kunihiro Sakuma, Akihiko Yamaguchi
Sarcopenia, the age-related loss of skeletal muscle mass, is characterized by a deterioration of muscle quantity and quality leading to a gradual slowing of movement, a decline in strength and power, increased risk of fall-related injury, and often frailty. This review focuses on the recent advances of pharmacological, hormonal, and nutritional approaches for attenuating sarcopenia. The article is composed of the data reported in many basic and some clinical studies for mammalian muscles. Resistance training combined with amino acid-containing supplements is the gold standard to prevent sarcopenia...
October 18, 2017: Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022158/clinical-utility-of-bioelectrical-impedance-analysis-in-patients-with-locoregional-muscle-invasive-or-metastatic-urothelial-carcinoma-a-subanalysis-of-changes-in-body-composition-during-neoadjuvant-systemic-chemotherapy
#14
Makito Miyake, Takuya Owari, Takashi Iwamoto, Yosuke Morizawa, Shunta Hori, Nagaaki Marugami, Keiji Shimada, Kota Iida, Kenta Ohnishi, Daisuke Gotoh, Yoshihiro Tatsumi, Yasushi Nakai, Takeshi Inoue, Satoshi Anai, Kazumasa Torimoto, Katsuya Aoki, Tatsuo Yoneda, Nobumichi Tanaka, Kiyohide Fujimoto
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the clinical utility of bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) in a cohort of patients with advanced urothelial carcinoma (UC). METHODS: We prospectively evaluated body composition in 35 patients with locoregional muscle invasive (≥ T2 and N0-2M0) or metastatic UC. Body composition was evaluated using multifrequency BIA at baseline (n = 35) and during chemotherapy in patients receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy (n = 14)...
October 11, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989278/whole-body-electromyostimulation-and-protein-supplementation-favorably-affect-sarcopenic-obesity-in-community-dwelling-older-men-at-risk-the-randomized-controlled-franso-study
#15
Wolfgang Kemmler, Anja Weissenfels, Marc Teschler, Sebastian Willert, Michael Bebenek, Mahdieh Shojaa, Matthias Kohl, Ellen Freiberger, Cornel Sieber, Simon von Stengel
BACKGROUND: Sarcopenic obesity (SO) is a geriatric syndrome characterized by the disproportion between the amount of lean mass and fat mass. Exercise decreases fat and maintains muscle mass; however, older people fail to exercise at doses sufficient to affect musculoskeletal and cardiometabolic risk factors. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of whole-body electromyostimulation (WB-EMS), a time-efficient, joint-friendly and highly individualized exercise technology, on sarcopenia and SO in older men...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984514/inpatient-costs-and-blood-transfusion-rates-of-sarcopenic-patients-following-thoracolumbar-spine-surgery
#16
Steven L Bokshan, Alex Han, J Mason DePasse, Stephen E Marcaccio, Adam E M Eltorai, Alan H Daniels
OBJECTIVE Sarcopenia, the muscle atrophy associated with aging and disease progression, accounts for nearly $18.5 billion in health care expenditures annually. Given the high prevalence of sarcopenia in patients undergoing orthopedic surgery, the goal of this study was to assess the impact of sarcopenia on inpatient costs following thoracolumbar spine surgery. METHODS Patients older than 55 years undergoing thoracolumbar spine surgery from 2003 to 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Sarcopenia was measured using total psoas area at the L-4 vertebra on perioperative CT scans...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971460/sarcopenia-and-its-impact-on-quality-of-life
#17
Maria Tsekoura, Alexandros Kastrinis, Marianna Katsoulaki, Evdokia Billis, John Gliatis
Sarcopenia is recognized as a major health problem among older adults. This syndrome is associated with serious health consequences in terms of frailty, disability, morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study is to review sarcopenia and its impact on quality of life (QoL). MEDLINE database was searched from January to March 2016 using predefined search terms "sarcopenia", quality of life". Based on extensive literature search, 32 articles were identified while only 6 studies met the inclusion criteria and were associated with sarcopenia and QoL...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971054/relation-between-respiratory-muscle-strength-and-skeletal-muscle-mass-and-hand-grip-strength-in-the-healthy-elderly
#18
Hyun Iee Shin, Don-Kyu Kim, Kyung Mook Seo, Si Hyun Kang, Sang Yoon Lee, Sunhan Son
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate sarcopenic indices in relation to respiratory muscle strength (RMS) in elderly people. METHODS: This study included 65 volunteers over the age of 60 (30 men and 35 women). The skeletal muscle mass index (SMI) was measured using bioimpedance analysis. Limb muscle function was assessed by handgrip strength (HGS), the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB), and gait speed. RMS was addressed by maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP) and maximal expiratory pressure (MEP) using a spirometer...
August 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969866/oral-nutritional-support-with-or-without-exercise-in-the-management-of-malnutrition-in-nutritionally-vulnerable-older-people-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Jessie Wright, Christine Baldwin
BACKGROUND: Physical functioning declines with advancing age and compounds malnutrition, common in elderly populations. A dual-intervention combining oral nutritional support and exercise may delay these changes. Our aims were to assess whether exercise combined with oral nutritional support (ONS) has greater improvements on physical functioning, quality of life and nutritional status than nutrition intervention alone in nutritionally vulnerable older adults. METHODS: Three electronic databases were searched for randomised controlled trials of older adults judged to be: sarcopenic, cachexic, frail, malnourished, and/or at risk of malnutrition, receiving ONS and exercise compared to nutrition intervention alone...
September 9, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957570/sarcopenic-obesity-is-more-prevalent-in-osteoarthritis-than-rheumatoid-arthritis-are-different-processes-involved
#20
Lara Vlietstra, Kim Meredith-Jones, Simon Stebbings, J Haxby Abbott, Gareth J Treharne, Debra L Waters
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2017: Rheumatology
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