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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642018/clinical-study-of-27-patients-with-medial-medullary-infarction
#1
Takayoshi Akimoto, Katsuhiko Ogawa, Akihiko Morita, Yutaka Suzuki, Satoshi Kamei
BACKGROUND: Medial medullary infarction (MMI) is a rare ischemic stroke. Frequency of each neurological finding in MMI was different in each study. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated the medical records of patients with cerebral infarction who were admitted between March 1998 and October 2015. Patients in our study were diagnosed as having MMI by magnetic resonance image examination. RESULTS: Of 2727 patients with ischemic stroke, 27 patients (20 males and 7 females) had MMI...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634783/the-treatment-for-the-first-branchial-cleft-anomalies-in-children
#2
Wei Liu, Min Chen, Jinsheng Hao, Yang Yang, Jie Zhang, Xin Ni
The objective of this study is to make a clinical analysis for first branchial cleft anomalies (FBCAs), especially introduce the relationship between the Type I/II FBCA with the facial nerve and to demonstrate the importance of using intraoperative microscope and facial nerve monitoring. This is a retrospective review of patients with FBCAs treated in Beijing Children's Hospital, from Jan 2013 to Dec 2015. Clinical data of patients, including sex, age, chief complains, history of surgery, incision and drainage, the relationship with the facial nerve, pre and post-operative facial paralysis, recurrent rate and complications were recorded...
June 20, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632919/isolated-facial-palsy-from-perineural-spread-of-cutaneous-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#3
Arens Taga, Filippo Di Lella, Luigi Corcione, Giovanni Pavesi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631535/high-resolution-magnetic-resonance-imaging-for-exposing-facial-nerve-zonal-vulnerability-to-microbleeds-a-rare-cause-of-facial-palsy
#4
Charlie Chia-Tsong Hsu, Dalveer Singh, Trevor William Watkins, Gigi Nga Chi Kwan, Sachintha Hapugoda
Background We report a case of hypertensive microbleeds strategically located at the attached segment (AS) and root entry zone (REZ) at the left facial nerve causing facial paralysis. Case Report A 60-year-old woman presented with sudden onset left facial paralysis. Medical history was significant for poorly controlled hypertension secondary to bilateral adrenal hyperplasia (primary hyperaldosteronism). The patient was initially treated for presumptive Bell's palsy. Subsequent magnetic resonance imaging of the brain and internal auditory canal showed two microbleeds at the left cerebellopontine angle...
January 1, 2017: Neuroradiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630790/rehabilitation-of-eyelid-malpositions-secondary-to-facial-palsy
#5
Şeyda Karadeniz Uğurlu, Mustafa Karakaş
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate patient satisfaction and outcomes of surgical treatment of eyelid malpositions secondary to facial palsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive patients with facial palsy who underwent surgical treatment by the same surgeon at İzmir Katip Çelebi University Atatürk Training and Research Hospital between Jan 2007 and Dec 2012 were included in the study. Ophthalmic examination findings, surgical approaches, and their outcomes were evaluated...
June 2017: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619495/results-of-atypical-hemifacial-spasm-with-microvascular-decompression-14-cases-reported-and-lectures-reviewed
#6
Hua Zhao, Xin Zhang, Ying Zhang, Yin-da Tang, Jin Zhu, Xu-Hui Wang, Ting-Ting Ying, Shi-Ting Li
OBJECTIVE: There were few studies reporting atypical hemifacial spasm(AHFS) and the mechanism of AHFS is still unclear. The purpose of this article was to study the etiology, prognosis and treatment of atypical hemifacial spasm. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data for 14 consecutive patients that underwent microvascular decompression(MVD) for AHFS from January 2014 to December 2015. The clinical feature, outcome and complications were observed...
June 12, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615814/an-anatomical-study-for-localisation-of-zygomatic-branch-of-facial-nerve-and-masseteric-nerve-an-aid-to-nerve-coaptation-for-facial-reanimation-surgery-a-cadaver-based-study-in-eastern-india
#7
Ratnadeep Poddar, Alipta Bhattacharya, Iman Sinha, Asis Kumar Ghosal
CONTEXT: In cases of chronic facial palsy, where direct neurotisation is possible, ipsilateral masseteric nerve is a very suitable motor donor. We have tried to specifically locate the masseteric nerve for this purpose. AIMS: Describing an approach of localisation and exposure of both the zygomatic branch of Facial nerve and the nerve to masseter, with respect to a soft tissue reference point over face. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Observational cross sectional study, conducted on 12 fresh cadavers...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611633/hematogenous-renal-cell-carcinoma-metastasis-in-the-postoperative-temporal-bone
#8
Masaya Konishi, Kensuke Suzuki, Hiroshi Iwai
Metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) involving the temporal bone is a rare entity. It is usually asymptomatic and misdiagnosis as acute otitis media, mastoiditis, and Ramsay-Hunt syndrome in early onset is not uncommon. We report a case of RCC metastasis to the postoperative temporal bone in the middle of molecular targeted therapy. A 60-year-old man presented left facial palsy with severe retro-auricular pain and he also underwent left middle ear surgery for cholesteatoma more than 30 years before and had been aware of discontinuous otorrhea; therefore, initially we speculated that facial palsy was derived from recurrent cholesteatoma or Ramsay-Hunt syndrome...
January 2017: Case Reports in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606298/-melkersson-rosenthal-syndrome-in-a-young-man
#9
Elisabeth Lauritzen, Andreas P Schjellerup Jørkov
A 24-year-old man presented with orofacial swelling, peripheral facial palsy and fissured tongue. Apart from a previous episode of peripheral palsy, he had no history of illness. Biopsy of the lip, blood tests, magnetic resonance imaging of the head and lumbar puncture showed no pathology. He received systemic prednisone for ten days, and follow-up showed sparse improvement in facial movements. The patient could have been misdiagnosed with Bell's palsy, but the symptoms rather indicated a case of Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome...
June 12, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580154/parry-romberg-syndrome-presenting-with-a-giant-intracranial-aneurysm-a-case-report
#10
Ilse H de Lange, Anna Mt van Oploo, Feico Jj Halbertsma, F George Roos, Levinus A Bok
A giant intracranial aneurysm was diagnosed in a 10-year-old girl when she developed a right abducens nerve palsy. The aneurysm was treated successfully. Six years later, however, she presented with a progressive en coup de sabre deformity, leading to the diagnosis Parry Romberg Syndrome (PRS), a rare diagnosis characterized by hemifacial atrophy of skin, subcutaneous tissue, skeletal muscle and bones and often associated with various non-specific intracerebral abnormalities. In this patient retrospective analysis of computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging imaging indeed revealed intracerebral calcifications and aspecific white matter lesions...
May 2017: Oxford Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573805/recurrent-episodes-of-peripheral-facial-nerve-palsy-and-fissured-tongue
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573802/recurrent-episodes-of-peripheral-facial-nerve-palsy-and-fissured-tongue
#12
Nicola Giudici, Mario G Bianchetti, Gian Paolo Ramelli, Gregorio P Milani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566979/eagle-s-syndrome-with-facial-palsy
#13
Mohammed Al-Hashim, Nasser Al-Jazan, Abdulrahman Abdulqader, Mohammed Al-Ghamdi
Eagle's syndrome (ES) is a rare disease in which the styloid process is elongated and compressing adjacent structures. We describe a rare presentation of ES in which the patient presented with facial palsy. Facial palsy as a presentation of ES is very rare. A review of the English literature revealed only one previously reported case. Our case is a 39-year-old male who presented with left facial palsy. He also reported a 9-year history of the classical symptoms of ES. A computed tomography scan with three-dimensional reconstruction confirmed the diagnoses...
May 2017: Journal of Family & Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566179/acute-unilateral-peripheral-vestibulopathy-in-neurosyphilis
#14
Allison S Young, Antonia S Carroll, Miriam S Welgampola, Peter J McCluskey, Sebastian J van Hal, Elizabeth O Thompson, Juliet Burn, Michael J Fulham, G Michael Halmagyi
INTRODUCTION: Neurosyphilis producing basal meningitis presenting as sequential transient cranial nerve palsies was well recognized before the antibiotic era. OBJECTIVE: To report two patients presenting with acute unilateral peripheral vestibulopathy due to syphilitic basal meningitis. RESULTS: In Case 1 basal meningitis occurred early in the secondary phase of the infection, in Case 2 in the late latent phase. The diagnosis was not made immediately in either case; in Case 1 after previous presentation with increasing hearing loss and then with facial palsy and then a subsequent presentation with optic neuritis; in Case 2 after investigation for possible lymphoma...
July 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555605/surgical-treatment-for-epstein-barr-virus-otomastoiditis-complicated-by-facial-nerve-paralysis-a-case-report-of-two-young-brothers-and-review-of-literature
#15
Evelien van Eeten, Hubert Faber, Dirk Kunst
We report the case of two young brothers with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) otomastoiditis complicated by a facial nerve paralysis. The boys, aged 7 months (patient A) and 2 years and 8 months (patient B), were diagnosed with a facial nerve paralysis House-Brackmann (HB) grade IV (A) and V (B). After unsuccessful pharmacological treatment, patient A underwent mastoidectomy and atticoantrotomy and patient B underwent a transmastoidal surgical decompression of the facial nerve. They recovered to HB grades I and II facial nerve palsy (FNP), respectively...
April 2017: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549753/correlations-between-impairment-psychological-distress-disability-and-quality-of-life-in-peripheral-facial-palsy
#16
U Díaz-Aristizabal, M Valdés-Vilches, T R Fernández-Ferreras, E Calero-Muñoz, E Bienzobas-Allué, T Moracén-Naranjo
INTRODUCTION: This paper analyses the correlations between scores on scales assessing impairment, psychological distress, disability, and quality of life in patients with peripheral facial palsy (PFP). MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cross-sectional study including 30 patients in whom PFP had not resolved completely. We used tools for assessing impairment (Sunnybrook Facial Grading System [FGS]), psychological distress (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale [HADS]), disability (Facial Disability Index [FDI]), and quality of life (Facial Clinimetric Evaluation [FaCE] scale)...
May 23, 2017: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541245/hearing-loss-in-patients-with-extracranial-complications-of-chronic-otitis-media
#17
Tomasz Przewoźny, Jerzy Kuczkowski
OBJECTIVE: A pure tone audiomety analysis of patients with extracranial complications of chronic suppurative otitis media (ECCSOM). MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed audiometric data performed before treatment from 63 patients with ECCSOM (56 single, 7 multiple complications) including groups of frequencies. RESULTS: The greatest levels of hearing loss were noted for 6 and 8 kHz (79.0 and 75.7 dBHL) and for the frequency groups high tone average (76...
June 30, 2017: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539869/correct-the-smile-of-a-child-by-neuromuscular-facilitation-technique-an-interesting-case-report
#18
Vencita Priyanka Aranha, Asir John Samuel, Kanimozhi Narkeesh
Bell's palsy (BP) in children is a rare case with no documented evidence regarding its rehabilitation management. Till date, individuals with BP are being treated with electrical stimulation are proportionately greater than other conventional means such as facial exercise and massage. These conventional modes of treatment have proved to have less incidence of synkinesis with more benefits. Here, we report a case of a 7-year-old boy diagnosed clinically to have right idiopathic facial nerve paralysis, who underwent 14 days of facial proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation exercises along with facial therapeutic massage...
April 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534340/imaging-of-cranial-nerves-iii-iv-vi-in-congenital-cranial-dysinnervation-disorders
#19
REVIEW
Jae Hyoung Kim, Jeong Min Hwang
Congenital cranial dysinnervation disorders are a group of diseases caused by abnormal development of cranial nerve nuclei or their axonal connections, resulting in aberrant innervation of the ocular and facial musculature. Its diagnosis could be facilitated by the development of high resolution thin-section magnetic resonance imaging. The purpose of this review is to describe the method to visualize cranial nerves III, IV, and VI and to present the imaging findings of congenital cranial dysinnervation disorders including congenital oculomotor nerve palsy, congenital trochlear nerve palsy, Duane retraction syndrome, Möbius syndrome, congenital fibrosis of the extraocular muscles, synergistic divergence, and synergistic convergence...
May 12, 2017: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527170/oculo-otological-manifestations-in-a-case-of-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis
#20
Archana Sonawale, Anjali Rajadhyaksha, Shreepriya Mangalgi
A 44 year old lady presented with acute onset of loss of vision in the right eye and cough with mucopurulent expectoration for two months. Ophthalmic examination revealed central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO). Chest radiograph showed multiple cavitatory nodules with fluid levels. Sputum was negative for AFB and ANCA was strongly positive suggestive of a diagnosis of Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis (GPA). Within the next few weeks the patient had rapid detenoration due to left eye CRAO, progressive bilateral hearing loss, facial palsy and retro orbital mass...
April 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
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