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Facial palsy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911236/patient-versus-physician-reported-facial-disability-in-vestibular-schwannoma-an-international-cross-sectional-study
#1
Øystein Vesterli Tveiten, Matthew L Carlson, Frederik Goplen, Erling Myrseth, Colin L W Driscoll, Rupavathana Mahesparan, Michael J Link, Morten Lund-Johansen
OBJECTIVE Patient-reported outcomes are increasingly used in studies of vestibular schwannoma (VS); however, few studies have examined self-evaluated facial nerve function and its relation to physician-reported outcomes. The primary objective of this study was to compare patient self-evaluations of facial disability with physician-evaluated facial nerve status and with self-evaluations of a healthy control group. The second objective was to provide insight into the controversial subject of the optimal initial management of small- and medium-sized VSs; consequently, the authors compared patient-reported facial nerve disability following treatment via observation (OBS), Gamma Knife surgery (GKS), or microsurgery (MS)...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903183/stereotactic-radiosurgery-for-vestibular-schwannomas-average-10-year-follow-up-results-focusing-on-long-term-hearing-preservation
#2
Shinya Watanabe, Masaaki Yamamoto, Takuya Kawabe, Takao Koiso, Tetsuya Yamamoto, Akira Matsumura, Hidetoshi Kasuya
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to reappraise long-term treatment outcomes of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) for vestibular schwannomas (VSs). The authors used a database that included patients who underwent SRS with a unique dose-planning technique, i.e., partial tumor coverage designed to avoid excess irradiation of the facial and cochlear nerves, focusing on tumor control and hearing preservation. Clinical factors associated with post-SRS tumor control and long-term hearing preservation were also analyzed...
December 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896425/probability-and-pattern-of-occult-cervical-lymph-node-metastases-in-primary-parotid-carcinoma
#3
Dominik Stodulski, Bogusław Mikaszewski, Hanna Majewska, Piotr Wiśniewski, Czesław Stankiewicz
The present study was undertaken to evaluate real probability and pattern of cervical occult lymph node metastases (OLNM) in primary parotid carcinoma (PPC). We carried out a retrospective analysis of 66 patients treated in years 1992-2010 due to PPC, who underwent elective neck dissection (END). In search of risk factors for OLNM, we analysed the following parameters: age, sex, pT-Status, tumour size, skin invasion, facial nerve palsy, tumour fixation, extraparotid extension, localization, grade, histology, intra/periparotid LN metastases (IPLNM)...
November 28, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893584/facial-pyoderma-gangrenosum-presenting-with-cranial-nerve-vii-palsy-and-cicatricial-ectropion
#4
Natalie Homer, Suzanne K Freitag
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 23, 2016: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886463/association-between-recovery-from-bell-s-palsy-and-body-mass-index
#5
Sun A Choi, Haeng Seon Shim, Junyang Jung, Ho Joong Kim, Sang Hoon Kim, Jae Yong Byun, Moon Suh Park, Seung Geun Yeo
BACKGROUND: Although many factors have been found to be involved in recovery from Bell's palsy, no study has investigated the association between recovery from Bell's palsy and obesity. This study therefore evaluated the association between recovery from Bell's palsy and body mass index (BMI). METHODS: Subjects were classified into five groups based on BMI (kg/m2). Demographic and clinical characteristics were compared among these groups. Assessed factors included sex, age, time from paralysis to visiting a hospital, presence of comorbidities such as diabetes mellitus and hypertension, degree of initial facial nerve paralysis by House-Brackmann (H-B) grade and neurophysiological testing, and final recovery rate...
November 25, 2016: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882903/results-of-hemihypoglossal-facial-nerve-anastomosis-in-the-treatment-of-facial-nerve-paralysis-after-failed-stereotactic-radiosurgery-for-vestibular-schwannoma
#6
Tomasz A Dziedzic, Przemysław Kunert, Andrzej Marchel
Vestibular schwannoma treatment with stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) carries a risk of facial nerve (CNVII) palsy that is lower than that with microneurosurgery. The results of hemihypoglossal-facial nerve anastomosis (HHFA) have not been described yet in CNVII palsy after failed stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS). Here we report a case series of the first four consecutive patients (three women; average age 58.5, age range: 46-74), who underwent HHFA due to failed SRS. All patients were admitted because of progressive peripheral facial nerve palsy...
April 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879225/efficacy-of-posterior-canal-wall-reconstruction-using-autologous-auricular-cartilage-and-bone-p%C3%A3-t%C3%A3-in-chronic-otitis-media-with-cholesteatoma
#7
Min Kwan Baek, Sung Ho Choi, Dong Young Kim, Chang Hyun Cho, Yong Woo Kim, Kwang Ha Moon, Ju Hyoung Lee
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to investigate the long-term results using the technique of canal wall up mastoidectomy and reconstruction of the posterior canal wall using bone pâté and auricular cartilage in the treatment of chronic otitis media with cholesteatoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was performed on 42 patients who underwent canal wall up mastoidectomy and posterior canal wall reconstruction at a single institution between November 2005 and November 2012...
November 23, 2016: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871009/malignant-nerve-sheath-tumor-involving-glossopharyngeal-vagus-and-spinal-nerve-with-intracranial-extracranial-extension-and-systemic-metastases-in-a-patient-with-type-1-neurofibromatosis-a-case-report
#8
José Raúl Guerra-Mora, Juan D Del Castillo-Calcáneo, María Elena Córdoba-Mosqueda, Jorge Yáñez-Castro, Ulises García-González, Eduardo Soriano-Navarro, Leticia Llamas-Ceras, Rosa María Vicuña-González
INTRODUCTION: Intracranial malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors are an extremely rare pathology with a high morbidity and mortality. Epidemiological, clinical and prognostic data are scarce and with little certainty in the literature. The aim of this paper is to report for first time in English literature, the case of a patient with type 1 neurofibromatosis, who presented a malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor that involved the left glossopharyngeal, vagus and spinal nerves with intracranial and extracranial extension through jugular foramen and systemic metastases...
November 5, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861389/characteristics-of-hearing-loss-in-patients-with-herpes-zoster-oticus
#9
Chang-Hee Kim, Hyerang Choi, Jung Eun Shin
Patients with herpes zoster oticus (HZO) may commonly show symptoms associated with 7th and 8th cranial nerve (CN VII and CN VIII) dysfunction. The aim of this study is to investigate the characteristics of hearing loss in patients with HZO and discuss possible mechanisms.Ninety-five HZO patients who showed at least one of the symptoms of CN VII and CN VIII dysfunction between January 2007 and October 2014 were included in this study. Hearing loss was defined when the mean thresholds of pure tone audiometry (PTA) in speech frequency (0...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859341/quality-of-life-before-and-after-different-treatment-modalities-in-peripheral-facial-palsy-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Robin E Luijmes, Sjaak Pouwels, Carien H G Beurskens, Ingrid J Kleiss, Ietske Siemann, Koen J A O Ingels
OBJECTIVES: A systematic review was conducted to investigate the effect of peripheral facial palsy (PFP) on the quality of life (QoL). Secondly, we investigated if different treatment modalities influence the QoL of patients with PFP. METHODS: A multidatabase systematic literature search was performed using the following databases: PubMed, Embase, MEDLINE, and The Cochrane Library from the earliest date of each database up to August 2015. The inclusion criteria were either prospective and/or retrospective cohort trials and/or case series measurement of QoL before and after treatment, patients with PFP (irrespective of etiology), and various treatment modalities (medication, physical therapy, botulinum toxin injections, and several types of surgical procedures)...
November 12, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857806/newborn-with-congenital-facial-palsy-and-bilateral-anotia-atresia-of-external-auditory-canal-rare-occurrence
#11
Rohan R Mahale, Anish Mehta, Aju Abraham John, Kiran Buddaraju, Abhinandan K Shankar, Srinivasa Rangasetty
Congenital facial palsy (CFP) is clinically defined as facial palsy of the seventh cranial nerve which is present at birth or shortly thereafter. It is generally considered to be either developmental or acquired in origin. Facial palsy of developmental origin is associated with other anomalies including those of pinna and external auditory canal, which range from mild defects to severe microtia and atresia. We report a 2-day-old male newborn that had right CFP with bilateral anotia and atresia of external auditory canals which is rare...
July 2016: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844410/the-great-mimicker-metastatic-breast-carcinoma-to-the-head-and-neck-with-emphasis-on-unusual-clinical-and-pathologic-features
#12
Dikson Dibe Gondim, Rebecca Chernock, Samir El-Mofty, James S Lewis
Distant metastases are relatively common in breast cancer, but spread to the head and neck region is uncommon and can be diagnostically challenging. Pathology databases of two academic hospitals were searched for patients. The diagnoses were by morphologic comparison with the primary breast specimen (when available) or through the use of immunohistochemical stains characteristic of breast carcinoma (cytokeratin 7, mammaglobin, GCDFP15, and/or GATA3 positive-excluding new primary tumors at the respective head and neck sites)...
November 14, 2016: Head and Neck Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836742/peripheral-facial-palsy-speech-communication-and-oral-motor-function
#13
T Movérare, A Lohmander, M Hultcrantz, L Sjögreen
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of acquired unilateral peripheral facial palsy on speech, communication and oral functions and to study the relationship between the degree of facial palsy and articulation, saliva control, eating ability and lip force. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this descriptive study, 27 patients (15 men and 12 women, mean age 48years) with unilateral peripheral facial palsy were included if they were graded under 70 on the Sunnybrook Facial Grading System...
November 8, 2016: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833694/large-posterior-communicating-artery-aneurysm-initial-presentation-with-reproducible-facial-pain-without-cranial-nerve-deficit
#14
Stacie Zelman, Michael C Goebel, David E Manthey, Seth Hawkins
Unruptured posterior communicating artery (PCOM) aneurysms can be difficult to diagnose and, when large (≥ 7mm), represent a substantial risk to the patient. While most unruptured PCOM aneurysms are asymptomatic, when symptoms do occur, clinical manifestations typically include severe headache (HA), visual acuity loss, and cranial nerve deficit. This case report describes an atypical initial presentation of a large unruptured PCOM aneurysm with symptoms mimicking trigeminal neuralgia, without other associated cranial nerve palsies or neurologic deficits...
November 2016: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832680/-validation-of-the-german-version-of-the-sunnybrook-facial-grading-system
#15
T Neumann, A Lorenz, G F Volk, F Hamzei, S Schulz, O Guntinas-Lichius
Background: The Sunnybrook facial grading system (SFGS) is frequently applied to evaluate facial function in patients with facial palsy, but still now there is no validated German version of this evaluation sheet. Methods: The original English version of the SFGS was translated and validated in accordance with international standards. The interrater reliability from 5 raters (speech therapy students) and the intrarater reliability from repeated ratings at 2 time points using video tapes of 18 patients with different types of facial palsy were analyzed by calculating the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and other reliability measures...
November 10, 2016: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818813/familial-hemiplegic-migraine-with-severe-attacks-a-new-report-with-atp1a2-mutation
#16
E Martínez, R Moreno, L López-Mesonero, I Vidriales, M Ruiz, A L Guerrero, J J Tellería
Introduction. Familial hemiplegic migraine (FHM) is a rare disorder characterized by migraine attacks with motor weakness during the aura phase. Mutations in CACNA1A, ATP1A2, SCN1A, and PRRT2 genes have been described. Methods. To describe a mutation in ATP1A2 gene in a FHM case with especially severe and prolonged symptomatology. Results. 22-year-old woman was admitted due to migraine-type headache and sudden onset of right-sided weakness and aphasia; she had similar episodes in her childhood. Her mother was diagnosed with hemiplegic migraine without genetic confirmation...
2016: Case Reports in Neurological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815992/contralateral-hearing-loss-and-facial-palsy-in-an-operated-case-of-vestibular-schwannoma-case-report
#17
Abhijit Warade, Pawan Chawla, Anshu Warade, Ketan Desai
INTRODUCTION: Contralateral ear hearing loss (CHL) is an extremely rare but a potentially devastating complication in a patient with already compromised hearing due to a Vestibular schwannoma (VS). Our patient had CHL accompanied by contralateral facial palsy. Our case is only the second case reported in literature to the best of our knowledge. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 55-year elderly male presented with right sided sensorineural hearing loss, cerebellar signs and Grade II House & Brackmann (H&B) facial nerve weakness for last1-year...
October 17, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811632/validation-of-cads-grading-scale-an-ophthalmic-specific-grading-instrument-for-facial-nerve-palsy
#18
Petrina Tan, We Fong Siah, Johnny Wong, Raman Malhotra
PURPOSE: To evaluate the inter- and intraobserver reliability of the CADS score, a previously described facial nerve grading instrument for ophthalmic grading of facial nerve palsy. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional validation study. Two clinicians independently assessed and graded each patient on the same day, masked to each other's grading. Four parameters are assessed in the CADS scale: Cornea (0-3, ±a), static Asymmetry (0-2), Dynamic function (0-3), and Synkinesis (0-2)...
November 2, 2016: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806782/-modified-minimally-invasive-video-assisted-lateral-neck-dissection-for-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-a-series-of-130-cases
#19
D G Zhang, L Gao, L Xie, G F He, L Fang, J Chen, Y W Miao, Z Z Wang
Objective: To discuss the feasibility, safety and oncologic completeness of modified minimally invasive video-assisted lateral neck dissection (MIVALND) for papillary thyroid carcinoma. Methods: Data of 130 patients from Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, Medical School, Zhejiang University undergoing MIVALND from January 2013 to September 2015 were reviewed retrospectively. There were 31 male and 99 female patients with the mean age of (39±11) years. The thyroidectomy and central compartment dissection were performed under a direct visual field or video-assisted (VA) approach, lateral neck dissection was performed via the VA approach...
November 1, 2016: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806447/a-general-practice-approach-to-bell-s-palsy
#20
Nga T Phan, Benedict Panizza, Benjamin Wallwork
BACKGROUND: Bell's palsy is characterised by an acute onset of unilateral, lower motor neuron weakness of the facial nerve in the absence of an identifiable cause. Establishing the correct diagnosis is imperative and choosing the correct treatment options can optimise the likelihood of recovery. OBJECTIVE: This article summarises our understanding of Bell's palsy and the evidence-based management options available for adult patients. DISCUSSION: The basic assessment should include a thorough history and physical examination as the diagnosis of Bell's palsy is based on exclusion...
November 2016: Australian Family Physician
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